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SULIT
Untuk
Kegunaan
Pemeriksa

10
(c)

5512

The Diagram 3.2 shows two animals P and Q.


Rajah3.2 menunjukkan dua haiwanP dan Q.

Diagram3.2
Rajah3.2
State one common characteristic animals P and Q have.

Nyatakan satu ciri sepunya bagiP dan Q.

[1mark]

markahl

[Lihat halaman sebelah


SULIT

5512

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7N

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Untuk
Kegunaan
Pemerik.sa

5512

12

SULIT

Energy exists in various forms. Diagram 4.1 shows one of the various forms of energy.
knagawujud dalam banyak bentuk. Rajah 4.1 menunj ukkan salah satu daripada bentuk tenaga.

'=,{
+-"iE

: : -t\F

",

**

Diagram 4.1
Rajah 4.1
(a)

Name the form of energy that exist in the food shown in Diagram 4.1 above.
Namakan bentuk tenaga yang terdapat di dalam makanan seperti dituniukkan dalam
Rajah 4.1 di atas.

[1 mark]

ll

markahl

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SULIT

5512

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SULIT

5512

13

(b)

Untuk
Kegunaan
Penteriksa

Diagram 4.2 shows a source of energy.


Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan satu sumber tenaga.

**
*
*

J:

{.

Diagram4.2
Rajah 4.2

(i)

State the energy changes which occur in the windmill inDiagram 4.2.
Nyatakan perubahan tenaga yang berlaku pada kincir angin pacla Rajah 4.2

ll
(ii)

mark]
markahl

Based on Diagram 4.2, state one advantage of this source of energy.


Berdasarkan Rajah 4.2, ny-atakan sotLt kelebihcm bogi stunber tenaga ini.

II

[1 mark]
markahl

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SULIT

5sl2

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SULIT

18

(i)

Untuk
Kegunaan
Pemeriksa

5512

State the condition of the volume and the air pressure in the glass jar in Table 5.1.

Nyatakan keadaan isipadu dan teknnan di dalam balang knca dalam Jadual5.l.
Stmcture of model

Struktur model
Volume in the glass jar

Isipadu di

dalam

balang kaca
Pressure in the glass

Tekanan

di

jar

dalam

balang kaca
[2 marks]
12

(c)

markahl

Diagram 5.3 shows a campaign by the government.


Rajah 5.3 menunjukkan satu kempen oleh kerajaan

oj?*

Diagram 5.3
Rajah 5.3

(i)

State one problem in the respiratory system for those who ignore this campaign.
Nyatakan satu masalah dalam sistem respirasi bagi seseorang yang mengabaikan

kempen ini.

[l mark]
U markahl

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SULIT

5512

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SULIT

19

(ii)

5512

Most smoker find it difficult to stop smoking. Give one reason


Kebanyakanperokokmendapati sukar untukberhentimerokok. Berikan satu sebab.

Untuk
Kegunaan
Pemeriksa

[1 mark]

ll
(d)

markahl

Diagram 5.4 shows two sources of air pollution.


Rajah 5.4 menunjukkan dua punca pencemaran udare.

Diagram 5.4
Rajah 5.4

(i)

State one harmful effect on human respiratory system caused by these sources.
Nyatakan satu kesctn bahaya terhadap sistem respirasi manusia yang disebabkan
oleh sum be r-sumbe r i ni.

[1mark]

ll

(ii)

markahl

Suggest one way to reduce these pollutant.

Cadangkan satu cara untuk mengwrangkan bahan pencemar ini.

[1 mark]

ll

markahl

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SULIT

5512

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JSI & SKEMA JAWAPAN SCIENCE PMR KERTAS 1 PROGRAM PENINGKATAN AKADEMIK KEDAH 2012
Item
Aras Kesukaran
Stimuli
Q
A
R
S
T
Rajah Jadual

Konstruk

F1
1.2

Steps in scienctific investigation

2.1

Cells

2.2

Unicellular and multicellular organisms

3.3

Density

4.2

Elements, compounds and mixtures

5.1

The composition of air

5.3

Oxygen is needed for respiration

6.1

The various forms and sources of energy

7.2

Heat flow and its effect

7.5

Absorbing and giving out heat

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

B
A
C
A
D
B
A
B
A
B

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
5

K
U
U
A
K
K
U
K
K
U

10

F2
8.1

Sensory organs and their functions

8.9

Stimuli and responses in plants

9.2

The importance of a balanced diet

9.4

Absorption of digested food

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

10.1 Organisms and their classification


11.2 Interaction between living organisms
11.4 Photosynthesis
12.2 Composition of water
12.4 Solution and solubility
12.7 Water supply system
13.1 Air pressure
14.4 Application of work
15.1 Support systems in animals
16.1 Stability
17.1 Levers

B
B
C
A
B
C
D
D
A
D
B
D
A
A
D

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
7

1
3

K
K
A
U
U
K
U
K
U
K
K
A
K
K
A
15

F3
18.1 Human breathing mechanism
19.2 Human blood
19.3 Transport system in plants
20.2 Human urinary system
21.4 The menstrual cycle
21.5 Fertilisation and pregnancy
21.9 Pollination
22.1 The pattern of human growth
23.2 Reactions between metals and non-metals
24.3 Measuring electricity
24.9 Electromagnetism
25.4 Electrical supply and wiring system at home
25.6 Functions of fuse and earth wire
26.1 The Sun
27.1 Developments in the field of astronomy and space

26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40

C
C
A
D
C
C
D
C
B
C
D
A
D
B
C

exploration

JUMLAH

BILANGAN JAWAPAN
BILANGAN JAWAPAN
BILANGAN JAWAPAN
BILANGAN JAWAPAN
JUMLAH

A
B
C
D

10
10
10
10
40

1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1

K
U
K
K
A
K
U
U
A
K
U
K
A
K
K

1
8

15

20

12

40

K
U
A

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Knowledge/Pengetahuan
Understanding/Kefahaman
Application/Aplikasi

55/2
SCIENCE
PMR
Ogos 2012

PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN
PENILAIAN MENENGAH RENDAH 2012

SCIENCE
KERTAS 2
PERATURAN PERMARKAHAN

UNTUK KEGUNAAN PEMERIKSA SAHAJA

___________________________________________________________________________
Peraturan pemarkahan ini mengandungi 17 halaman bercetak

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No
1(a)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to name the class of animal P, Q and R correctly


Answer

P: Reptilia

Q: Amphibian

R: Mammals

* 3 correct = 2 marks
* 2 correct = 1 mark
1(b)

Able to match with its characteristic correctly.


Answer
Animals
Haiwan

Characteristics
Ciri-cirinya

Giving birth to live young.


Melahirkan anak

Laying eggs without shell.


Bertelur tidak bercengkerang.

Laying eggs with shell.


Bertelur bercengkerang

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No
1(c)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to choose animal which has the same class as animal R.


Answer

1
TOTAL A1

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No
2 (a)(i)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to name the structure of L.


Sample Answer
1. Valve
2. Bicuspid valve

Notes: If the name of the valve mention, only accept only bicuspid valve.

2(a)(ii)

Able to state the function of structure L.


Sample Answer
1. To ensure that the flow of blood is in one direction.
2. To ensure blood flows in one direction from the left atrium to the left
ventricle.
Notes: If sample answer is chosen, only accept the direction from the left
atrium to the left ventricle.

2(b)(i)

Able to name the part labelled T.


Answer
1. Phloem

2(b)(ii)

Able to state the function of the part labelled U.


Sample Answer
1. Transport water and dissolved mineral salts.
2. Transport water and dissolved mineral salts from the root to the other
part of the plant.
3. Helps to support the plants.

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No
2(c)(i)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to choose the person entitle to receive Sofeas blood.


Answer

Patient
Pesakit

Blood Group
Kumpulan Darah

Emelda

AB

Emeriz

Erizmi

2(c)(ii)

Able to state the type of blood which is called as universal donor


Answer
1. Group O
TOTAL A2

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No
3(a)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to label the position of pectorial girdle correctly.


Answer
Pectorial girdle
Lengkungan pelvis

3(b)(i)

Able to state the support system of the whale


Answer
Water buoyancy

3(b)(ii)

Able to give reason correctly


Answer
The whale has small endoskeleton that does not much support to its body
weight.

3(c)

Able to state one common characteristic correctly.


Answer
Both animals have endoskeleton

3(d)

Able to explain why water vertebrates can grow much larger.


Answer
The skeleton of the animal does not have to support the whole weight of the
animal because the upthrust of water does.
TOTAL A3

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No
4(a)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to name the form of energy correctly.


Answer
1. Chemical energy

4(b)(i)

Able to state the energy changes correctly


Sample Answer
1. Changes from kinetic energy to electrical energy
2. Kinetic energy electrical energy

4(b)(ii)

Able to state the advantage of the source of energy.


Sample Answer
1. Low cost or cheap
2. Renewable
3. Can be used over and over again
4. Cannot be used up
5. Never run out
6. Can be replenish
7. Always available
8. Unlimited source
9. No pollution
10. Clean

4(c)(i)

Able to choose which coconut has a higher potential energy.


Sample Answer
1. Coconut R
2. R

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No

Mark Scheme

Mark

4(c)(ii)

Able to explain how is the height of a coconut tree influence the potential
energy correctly.
Sample Answer
1. The higher the coconut tree, the higher the potential energy.
2. The lower the coconut tree, the lower the potential energy.
3. As the height of the coconut tree increases, the potential energy
increases.
4. As the height of the coconut tree decreases, the potential energy
deceases.
5. The height of the coconut tree is direct proportional with the potential
energy.

4(c)(iii) Able to explain why is coconut R produced louder sound when it falls?
Sample Answer
1. The coconut R tree is higher; it has a higher potential energy. These
will make it has a higher energy. Because of these, it will make the
sound become louder.
2. The coconut tree is higher; it has a higher potential energy and when
it changes to kinetic energy, the kinetic energy also higher compared
to S. Because of these, it will make the sound become louder.
3. Because it has a higher potential energy.
4. Because it has a higher kinetic energy.
TOTAL A4

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No
5(a)(i)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to complete the sequence correctly.


Sample Answer
R

Lungs

5(a)(ii)

Able to give one characteristic correctly.


Sample Answer
1. Thin wall (one cell thick)
2. Lined by a thin layer of moisture
3. Surrounded by large network of blood capillaries

5(b)(i)

Able to state the condition correctly.


Answer

Structure of model
Struktur model
Volume in the glass jar
Isipadu di dalam balang kaca
Pressure in the glass jar
Takanan di dalam balang
kaca

increase

decrease

decrease

increase

All correct - 2 marks


2-3 correct - 1 mark
1 correct - 0 mark
5(c)(i)

Able to state one problem correctly.


Sample Answer
1.
2.
3.
4.

Can have emphysema


Heart diseases
Bronchitis
Lung cancer

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No
5(c)(ii)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to give a reason correctly.


Sample Answer
In the cigarette contain nicotine that makes a smoker addicted to it.

5(d)(i)

Able to state the effect correctly.


Sample Answer
1. Can cause breathing difficulties
2. Damage lung tissues

5(d)(ii)

Able to suggest the way to reduce pollutant correctly.


Sample Answer
1. Use unleaded fuel
2. Industries should install filters on smokestacks
3. Car-pool practising
TOTAL A5

10

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No
6(a)(i)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to state the uses of lime water.


Sample Answer
to check for the presence of carbon dioxide

6(a)(ii)

Able to state the result of the observation.


Sample Answer
limewater turns cloudy // chalky.

6(a)(iii) Able to complete the words equation from the reaction.


Answer

Calcium carbonate

heated

calcium
oxide

carbon
+

Kalsium karbonat

dioxide
1

All correct - 2 marks


1 correct - 0 mark

6(a)(iv) Able to state the element correctly.


Sample Answer
calcium, carbon and oxygen

11

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No
6(b)(i)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to name the product formed.


Sample Answer
calcium hydroxide // slaked lime

6(b)(ii)

1
8

Able to state the uses of the product.


Sample Answer
Slaked lime is added to the soil to reduce the acidity of the soil.

6(b)(iii) Able to give a reason.


Answer
Slaked lime is alkali.

6(c)

Able to state changes of the colour of red litmus paper.


Sample Answer
ERed litmus paper turns blue.

TOTAL A6

12

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No
7(a)(i)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to state the observation.


Sample Answer
P : Float on water//Timbul (terapung)di permukaan air

Q: Sink in water//Tenggelam dalam air

* P berada di atas air

SALAH

Q berada di bawah air

7(a)(ii)

Able to classify the object.


Sample Answer
Less dense than water : Object P

Denser than water

: Object Q, R

2
7(a)(iii) Able to give an inference.
Answer
Inference :

1. P floats on water because it less dense than water.

Or

2. Q sink in water because it denser than water.

7(a)
( iv)

Able to state the relationship.


Sample Answer
If the density of object is higher than density of water, it will be sink in
water.
or
If the density of object is lower than density of water, it will be float on
water.

13

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No
7(b)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to state the prediction.


Sample Answer
Cork : Float / Timbul

Wood : Sink / Tenggelam

1
TOTAL B7

No
8(a)(i)

Mark Scheme

2
8

Mark

Able to state the difference by observing the diagram.


Sample Answer
Teapot M is black, Teapot N is white. // Teapot M is darker than Teapot N.

8(a)(ii)

Able to state the result from observing the situation in the diagram.
Sample Answer
Coffee in Teapot M. // In Teapot M. // Teapot M. // M

8(a)(iii) Able to state a reason.


Sample Answer
The dark surface radiates heat better than the white surface.

14

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No
8(b)(i)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to read the reading of the stop watch and record the reading.
Sample Answer
e perat re of ater
Conical flasks
Kelalang kon

Suhu air

C)

0 minute

10 minutes

20 minutes

30 minutes

0 minit

10 minit

20 minit

30 minit

85

75

65

55

85

79

73

67

No
8(c)

C)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to state the hypothesis correctly.


Sample Answer
The darker the colour of surface, the lower the temperature of water. /// if the
colour of the surface is darker, the temperature of water decreases / lower. //
The temperature of water lower / decreases when the colour of surface is
darker.

8(d)

Able to state the variable involved in the experiment.


Sample Answer

Manipulated variable

Colour of the surface / type of the surface

Pembolehubah dimanipulasi
Responding variable

1
The temperature of water

Pembolehubah bergerak balas

15

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No
8(e)(i)

Mark Scheme

Mark

Able to draw a graph using the data in the table.


Sample Answer
e perat re of ater

Suhu air C) min )

90

80

70

1
60

1
50

40

30

20

10

0
10

20

30
Time ( min )
Masa di dalam
kelalang kon Q (
min )

16

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No

Mark Scheme

Mark

8(e)(ii)

Able to state the relationship between the type of surface and the temperature
of water.
Sample Answer
1. The temperature of water is lower when the colour of surface is dull
and dark but the temperature is higher when the colour of surface is
white and shiny.
2. The darker the surface, the lower the temperature of water.

8(e)(iii) Able to make a prediction


Sample Answer
Less than 45oC

8(f)

Able to define operationally the heat release


Sample answer
1. Heat release is shown by the decreasing of the temperature of water
in conical flask.
2. Heat release is shown when the temperature of water in conical flask
is lower.
3. Heat release is the temperature of water
TOTAL B8
JUMLAH

17

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12
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