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LESSON PLAN

I.

Subject

: PHYSICS

Main Material

: MOTION

Class/Semester

Time

Standard of Competence :
2. Applying the concept and basic principles of kinematics and dynamics of the object point

II.

Basic Competence :

2.1 Analyzing the physical quantity of motion with constant velocity and acceleration
III.

Indicator :
1. Describes the definition of motion
2. Analyzing the physical quantities on the motion with constant velocity.
3. Analyzing the physical quantities on the motion with constant acceleration
4. Analyzing straight-line motion with constant velocity and straight-line motion with constant
acceleration

IV.

The Objectives
Learners can:
1. Understand the definition of motion
2. Mention on types of motion
3. Explain the meaning of path, speed, velocity and acceleration
4. Understand the definition and concept of straight-line motion with constant velocity(uniform
motion) and straight-line motion with constant acceleration(uniformly accelerated motion)

V.

Learning Materials
a.

Motion
Motion is the shift of an object from one position to another position. An object is condicered
moving when its position to a reference changing point changes. Straight motion is the motion of
an object that tracks a straight line.

b. Distance and Displacement


Distance is the total length of travel irrespective of the direction of motion. It is a scalar quantity.
Displacement is distance moved in the particular direction. Displacement is a vector quantity.
The position and direction of displacement of an object are determined relatively from a point of
reference.

c.

Speed and Velocity


Speed is defined as the distance traveled per unit of time. Speed is scalar quantity.

Velocity is defined as the rate of change of displacement. Velocity is vector quantity.


Average speed and average velocity
Average speed is the ratio between distance and the time interval needed to get the distance.
Mathematically, it is writen as follow :
Average velocity is defined as the ratio between displacement and total time taken.
Mathematically, it is writen as follow :
Instantaneous velocity and instantaneous speed
Every moving object has instantaneous velocity, the velocity at a certain time. Instantaneous
velocity is average velocity in a very short time interval. Mathematically, it is writen as follow :
d. Acceleration
Acceleration is defined as the rate of change of velocity. Acceleration is a vector quantity.
The acceleration of an object at acertain time is defined as the limit of average acceleration when
t approaches zero. It is mathematically written as :

e.

Linear motion with constant velocity(uniform motion)


Motion of an object with a linear motion trajectory and constant velocity (motion of an object on
a straight trajectory at each time interval in which the same object the same distance).

Figure graph of speed versus time in linear motion with constant velocity. It can be seen that
speed is always constant over time. The area under the graph represent the distance traveled or
the magnitude of displacement (x) as :

If the initial distance of an object from a reference point is x after t seconds the distance (x)
from the reference point will be :

f.

Linear Motion with constant Acceleration(uniformly accelerated motion)


Motion of an object with a linear motion trajectory with a velocity change regularly.

Figure graph of velocity versus time in linear motion with constant acceleration.
If an object moves linearly with a constant acceleration, its instantaneous acceleration (a) will be
the same as its average accelerstion :

Suppose a particle moves with constant acceleration of a. when the particle initially moves with a
velocity of v, its velocity after a, t time will become :
With the initial velocity of v, the final velocity of

, and time interval of t, the distance

traveled by the particle can be calculated with :

then the equation can be written :

VI.

Learning Method

1. Model

: Direct Instruction (DI)

2. Method

: Lecture, Problem Solving and discussion.

VII.

Learning Procedure
No.
1.

Activities Introduction

Time

Opening

1 minutes

1. The teacher opened the lesson by say hello and check


on student attendance
2. Teachers Providemotivation to engage
students in learning situations conducive.
2.

Main Activity

8 minutes

Exploration
Motivation and Appersepsi
1. Mention some examples of linear motion in everyday
life?
2. Could the displacement of an object greater than the
distance?
3. Motion a fruit falls uniform motion classified or
uniformly accelerated motion?
Prerequisite knowledge
1. What is a motion?
2. What is the linear motion?
3. What is the speed,distance, velocity, displacement
and acceleration?
4. Whatcharacteristics
irregularly linear?

of

the

motion

changes

Exploration
1. Teachers provide information with motion asked
questions to explain physical quantities on the motion
with constant velocity
2. The teacher describes the physical quantities on the
motion with constant acceleration
Elaboration
1.

The teacher describes thestraight-line motion

with constant velocity and straight-line motion with


constant acceleration
2.

The teacher divides the students into groups

to discuss the example of the application of uniform


motion and uniformly accelerated motion
3.

Each group was asked to present a discussion

of examples of the application of uniform motion


and uniformly accelerated motion
4.

As the evaluation of students were asked to

work on the problems of uniform motion and


uniformly accelerated motion
Comfirmation
1.

One of the students were asked to write the

answers on the board


2.

Teachers give students reinforcement of the

discussions presented in front of the class


3.

Teachers provide clarification if there is a

mistake to put forward the concept of student


4.

Students and teachers discuss the answers that

have been written on the front


5.

Teachers provide opportunities for students

who are still incorrect answers to written answers


that have been
3.

Closing
1. Students (led by the teacher) to create a summary
discussion.
2. Teachers give homework in the form of exercises.
3. Teachers provide information about the material that
will be studied at the next meeting
4. The teacher closed the lesson with regards

VIII.

Media and Opperator

1. Powerpoint

1 minutes

2. Student worksheet
3. LCD
4. Whiteboard
5. Boardmarker
IX.

Assesment and Follow Up

1. Written

: Essay and Multiple choice

2. Task individual / groups


X.

Refference

1. Marten Kanginan. 2002. Physics 1 for Senior High School Year X. Jakarta : Erlangga
2. Team MGMP Physic Senior High School. 2006. Worksheet Senior High School Physic X.
Jakarta : Multigrafika