Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 5

JURISDICTION OF COURTS

I. SUPREME COURT
A. Original
1. Exclusive
a. Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against:
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

Court of Appeals
Commission on Audit
Commission on Elections
Sandiganbayan

2. Concurrent
a. With the Court of Appeals
(1) Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
Regional Trial Courts
(2) Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
National Labor Relations Commission but it should
be filed
with the Court of Appeals first as stated in St.
Martin
Funeral Home vs. CA, GR. 130866.
(3) Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
Civil Service Commission, Central Board of
Assessment
Appeals, Court of Tax Appeals and QuasiJudicial
Agencies, but it should be filed with
the Court of Appeals
first under Section 4 Rule 65.
b. With the Court of Appeals and Regional Trial Courts
(1) Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
lower courts and other bodies.
(2) Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto.
c. With the Regional Trial Courts
(1) Actions affecting ambassadors, public ministers and
consuls.
d. With the Sandiganbayan
(1) Petitions for mandamus, prohibition, certiorari, habeas
corpus, injunctions and ancillary writs in aid of its
appellate
jurisdiction and over petitions of similar nature, including
quo warranto arising or that may arise in cases filed
Executive Order Nos. 1, 2, 14 and 14-A.
B. Appellate
1. By Notice of Appeal
a. From the Regional Trial Courts or Sandiganbayan in all criminal
cases involving offenses for which penalty imposed is reclusion
perpetua or life imprisonment, and those involving other offenses,
although not so punished, that arose out of the same occurrence or
were committed by the offender on the same occasion.
b. Automatic review in criminal cases where death penalty is
imposed by the Regional Trial Court or Sandiganbayan.

2. Petition for review on certiorari against:


a. Appeals from the Court of Appeals
b. Appeals from the Sandiganbayan on pure questions of law, except
where the penalty is reclusion perpetua, life imprisonment or
death.
c. Appeals from the Regional Trial Court exercising original
jurisdiction in the following cases:
(1) All cases in which the constitutionality or validity of a
treaty, international or executive agreement, law,
presidential decree, proclamation, order,
instruction or
regulation is in question.
(2) All cases involving the legality of tax, impost, assessment,
toll or a penalty in relation thereto.
(3) All cases in which the jurisdiction of any lower court is in
issue.
(4) Cases involving only error or question of law.
3. Special Civil Action of certiorari filed within thirty days against:
a. the Commission on Elections
b. the Commission on Audit
II. COURT OF APPEALS
A. Original
1.

Exclusive
a. Actions for annulment of judgments of Regional Trial Courts

2. Concurrent
a. With the Supreme Court
(1) Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
Regional Trial Courts
(2) Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
National Labor Relations Commission but it should
be filed
with the Court of Appeals first as stated in St.
Martin
Funeral Home vs. CA, GR. 130866.
(3) Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
Civil Service Commission, Central Board of
Assessment
Appeals, Court of Tax Appeals and QuasiJudicial
Agencies, but it should be filed with
the Court of Appeals
first under Section 4 Rule 65.
b. With the Supreme Court and Regional Trial Courts
(1) Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
lower courts and other bodies.
(2) Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto.
B. Appellate
1. Ordinary appeals by notice of appeal from:
a. Regional Trial Courts, except in cases exclusively
appealable to the Supreme Court or Sandiganbayan.
b. Regional Trial Courts on constitutional, tax, jurisdictional
questions involving questions of fact which should be
appealed
first to the Court of Appeals.

c. Decisions and final orders of the Family Courts.


2. Appeal by petition for review from:
a. Civil Service Commission
b. Regional Trial Courts in the exercise of its appellate jurisdiction
which are not a matter of right.
c. Court of Tax Appeals
d. National Commission on Indigenous People
e. Quasi-Judicial Agencies
f. Office of the Ombudsman in administrative disciplinary cases
III. REGIONAL TRIAL COURTS
A. Original
1.

Exclusive
a. All actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where the
demand exceeds P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro Manila.
b.
Probate proceedings, both testate and intestate where the
gross value of the estate exceeds P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro
Manila.
c. All other cases where the demand, exclusive of interest, damages,
attorneys fees, litigation expenses and costs or the value of the
property in controversy exceeds P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro
Manila.
d.
Actions involving the title to or possession of real property
or any interest therein, where the assessed value exceeds P20,000
or P50,000 in Metro Manila, except actions for forcible entry or
unlawful detainer.
e. Action where the subject is incapable of pecuniary estimation.
f. In all cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court,
tribunal, person or body exercising judicial or quasi-judicial
functions.
g.
In all civil actions and special proceedings falling within
the exclusive original jurisdiction of Juvenile and Domestic
Relations Courts and of the Court of Agrarian Relations as now
provided by law.
h.
Under Section 5.2 of Securities Regulation Code:
(1) Cases involving devices or schemes employed by or any
acts of the board of directors, business associates, its
officers or partnership, amounting to fraud or
misrepresentation.
(2) Controversies arising out of intra-corporate or partnership
relations
(3) Controversies in elections or appointments of directors,
trustees, officers or managers of such corporations,
partnerships or associations.
(4) Petitions of corporations, partnerships or associations to be
declared in the state of suspension of payment.
i. Criminal cases not within the exclusive jurisdiction of any court,
tribunal or body which include:
(1) Offenses punishable by imprisonment exceeding six years
irrespective of the fine.
(2) Criminal cases not falling within the exclusive jurisdiction
of the Sandiganbayan where none of the accused are occupying
positions corresponding to salary grade 27.

j. Criminal cases where the only penalty is fine exceeding P4,000.


k. Other criminal cases which are specifically lodged by law to be
under the jurisdiction of the Regional Trial Courts such as:
(1) Written defamation or libel
(2) Violation on the decree on Intellectual Property
(3) Violation of the Dangerous Drug Act, except when the
offender is under sixteen years of age and there are
Juvenile
and Domestic Relations Courts in the
province.
(4) Criminal cases falling within the jurisdiction of the Family
Courts where there are no family courts in the province.
2. Concurrent
a.With the Supreme Court
(1) Actions affecting ambassadors, public ministers and
consuls
b.
With the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals
(1) Petitions for certiorari, prohibition or mandamus against
lower courts and other bodies.
(2) Petitions for habeas corpus and quo warranto.
c. With Insurance Commissioner
(1) Claims not exceeding P100,000
(2) If subject is not capable of pecuniary estimation
3. Special
a. The Supreme Court may designate certain branches of the
Regional Trial Courts to try exclusively criminal cases, juvenile
and domestic relations cases, agrarian and urban land reform cases
not falling within the jurisdiction of any quasi-judicial body and
other special cases in the interest of justice.
4. Appellate
a. All cases decided by the lower courts in their respective territorial
jurisdiction.
IV. METROPOLITAN, MUNICIPAL, MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL
COURTS AND MUNICIPAL TRIAL COURTS IN CITIES
A. Original
1. Exclusive
than
interest,
costs.

a. Actions involving personal property valued at not more


P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro Manila exclusive of
damages, attorneys fees, litigation expenses and

b. Actions demanding sums of money not exceeding P300,000 or


P400,000 in Metro Manila provided that damages is
excluded if
only incidental to the principal action,
otherwise, included in the
determination of the
jurisdiction.
c.Probate proceedings, both testate and intestate where the gross
value of the estate does not exceed P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro
Manila.
d. All actions in admiralty and maritime jurisdiction where the
demand exceeds P300,000 or P400,000 in Metro Manila.
e. Actions involving the title to or possession of real property or any
interest therein, where the assessed value exceeds P20,000 or

P50,000 in Metro Manila exclusive of interest, damages, attorneys


fees, litigation expenses and costs.
f. Provisional remedies in principal actions within their jurisdiction
g. Inclusion and exclusion of voters
h. All violations of city or municipal ordinances committed within
their respective territorial jurisdiction.
i. All offenses punishable with imprisonment of not more than six
years irrespective of the amount of fine.
j. Offenses involving damage to property through criminal
negligence.
k. Offenses where the only penalty is fine not exceeding P4,000.
l. All offenses committed by a public officer and employees in
relation to their office, punishable with imprisonment of not more
than six years, provided that none of the accused holds a position
classified as Grade 27 and higher.
2. Delegated
a. Cadastral or land registration cases covering lots where there is no
controversy or opposition, or contested lots the value of which
does not exceed P100,000, as may be assigned by the Supreme
Court.
3. Special
a. Petitions for habeas corpus in the absence of all the Regional Trial
Court Judges in the province or city.
4. Cases covered by the Rules on Summary Procedure
(1) Forcible entry and unlawful detainer cases
(2) All other civil cases, except probate proceedings where
the total claim does not exceed P100,000 or P200,000 in
Metro Manila.
(3) Traffic violations
(4) Violations of the rental law
(5) Violation of city or municipal ordinances
(6) Violations of Bouncing Checks Law
(7) All other offenses where the penalty does not exceed six
months imprisonment and/or P1,000 fine, irrespective of
other penalties or civil liabilities arising therefrom, and in
offenses involving damage to property through criminal
negligence where the imposable fine does not exceed
P10,000.