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JURISDICTION

Settled is the rule that jurisdiction is conferred only by


the Constitution or the law. Republic v. Court of Appeals also enunciated that only a
statute can confer jurisdiction on courts and administrative agencies.
Same; Same; Action; In determining which body has jurisdiction over a case, the better
policy is to consider not only the status or relationship of the parties but also the
nature of the action that is the subject of their controversy.
Jurisdiction; Estoppel; When a court has no jurisdiction over the subject matter, the only
power it has is to dismiss the action. (BF Homes, Inc. vs. Manila Electric Company, 636 SCRA
Pleadings and Practice; Jurisdiction;

495, December 06, 2010)

CRIMINAL PROCEDURE

In the absence of any clear showing that the trial court


overlooked or misconstrued cogent facts and circumstances which would alter a
conviction, it generally defers to the trial courts evaluation of the credibility of
witnesses especially if such findings are affirmed by the Court of Appeals. (People vs.
Criminal Procedure; Appeals;

Malicdem, 685 SCRA 193, November 12, 2012)

A search warrant proceeding which is not a criminal action, much


less a civil action, but a special criminal process.
Same; Probable Cause; Probable Cause as a condition for the issuance of a search
warrant, is such reasons supported by facts and circumstances as will warrant a
cautious man to believe that his action and the means taken in preserving it are
legally just and proper.
Same; Search Warrants; A search warrant issued must particularly describe the place to
be searched and persons or things to be seized in order for it to be valid, otherwise,
it is considered as a general warrant which is proscribed by both jurisprudence and
the 1987 Constitution.
Civil Procedure; The general rule is that a motion for reconsideration is a condition sine
qua non before a petition for certiorari may lie, its purpose being to grant an
opportunity for the court a quo to correct any error attributed to it by a reexamination of the legal and factual circumstances of the case. The general rule is
that a motion for reconsideration is a condition sine qua non before a petition for
certiorari may lie, its purpose being to grant an opportunity for the court a quo to
correct any error attributed to it by a re-examination of the legal and factual
circumstances of the case.
Same; Forum Shopping; Requisites of Forum Shopping; There is forum shopping when,
between an action pending before this Court and another one, there exist: (1)
identity of parties, or at least such parties as represent the same interests in both
actions; (2) identity of rights asserted and relief prayed for, the relief being founded
on the same facts; and (3) the identity of the two preceding particulars is such that
any judgment rendered in the other action will, regardless of which party is
successful, amount to res judicata in the action under consideration; said requisites
also constitutive of the requisites for auter action pendant or lis pendens.
Evidence; Probable Cause; The quantum of evidence required to prove probable cause is
not the same quantum of evidence needed to establish proof beyond reasonable
doubt which is required in a criminal case that may be subsequently filed. (HPS
Criminal Procedure;

Software and Communication vs. Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT), 687 SCRA 426,
December 10, 2012)

Case Title : HPS SOFTWARE AND COMMUNICATION CORPORATION and HYMAN YAP, petitioners, vs. PHILIPPINE
LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE COMPANY (PLDT), JOSE JORGE E. CORPUZ, in his capacity as the Chief of the PNPSpecial Task Force Group-Visayas, PHILIP YAP, FATIMA CIMAFRANCA, and EASTERN TELECOMMUNICATIONS
PHILIPPINES, INC., respondents. Case Nature : PETITIONS for review on certiorari of the decisions and
resolutions of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Criminal Procedure|Search Warrants
224. Peolpe vs. Espenilla, 706 SCRA 134, September 18, 2013
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. CARLITO ESPENILLA, accused-appellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Criminal Procedure|Recantation
357. People vs. Niegas, 711 SCRA 46, November 27, 2013
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. ALLAN NIEGAS y FALLORE, accusedappellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.

Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Criminal Procedure|Appeals


102. People vs. Vasquez, 714 SCRA 78, January 15, 2014
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. DONALD VASQUEZ y
SANDIGAN @ DON, accused-appellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Criminal Procedure|Special Aggravating Circumstances
415. Agdeppa vs. Office of the Ombudsman, 723 SCRA 293, April 23, 2014
Case Title : RODOLFO M. AGDEPPA, petitioner, vs. HONORABLE OFFICE OF THE OMBUDSMAN, ACTING THROUGH
THE OFFICE OF THE DEPUTY OMBUDSMAN FOR THE MILITARY, MARYDEL B. JARLOS-MARTIN, EMMANUEL M.
LAUREZO and ILUMINADO L. JUNIA, JR., respondents.
Case Nature : SPECIAL CIVIL ACTION in the Supreme Court. Certiorari. Syllabi
Class :Remedial Law|Criminal Procedure|Appeals

CIVIL PROCEDURE
349. Mangungutang vs. The House of Representatives Electoral Tribunal, 574 SCR A 806, December 18,
2008
Case Title : DATU PAX PAKUNG S. MANGUDADATU, petitioner, vs. THE HOUSE OF
REPRESENTATIVES ELECTORAL TRIBUNAL and ANGELO O. MONTILLA, respondents. Case Nature :
SPECIAL CIVIL ACTION in the Supreme Court. Certiorari.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law ; Civil Law ; Service of Summons ;
26. Toshiba Information Equipment (Phils.), Inc. vs. Commissioner of Internal
526,March 09, 2010

Revenue, 614 SCRA

Case Title : TOSHIBA INFORMATION EQUIPMENT (PHILS.), INC., petitioner, vs.


COMMISSIONER OF INTERNAL REVENUE, respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of a decision of the Court of Appeals. Syllabi Class
203. Angeles vs. Secretary of Justice, 614 SCRA 478, March 09, 2010
Case Title : FIDELA R. ANGELES, petitioner, vs. THE SECRETARY OF JUSTICE, THE ADMINISTRATOR, LAND
REGISTRATION AUTHORITY, THE REGISTER OF DEEDS OF QUEZON CITY, and SENATOR TEOFISTO T.
GUINGONA, JR., respondents.
Case Nature : SPECIAL CIVIL ACTION in the Supreme Court. Mandamus. Syllabi
Class :Remedial Law|Mandamus
12. Department of Foreign Affair vs. Falcon, 629 SCRA 644, September 01, 2010 Case Title :
DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS and BANGKO SENTRAL NG PILIPINAS, petitioners, vs. HON. FRANCO T.
FALCON, IN HIS CAPACITY AS THE PRESIDING JUDGE OF BRANCH 71 OF THE REGIONAL TRIAL COURT IN PASIG
CITY and BCA INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION, respondents.
Case Nature : SPECIAL CIVIL ACTION in the Supreme Court. Certiorari and Prohibition. Syllabi Class
:Remedial Law|Damages
282. University Physician's Services, Incorporated vs. Marian Clinics, Inc., 629 SCRA 535, September
01, 2010
Case Title : UNIVERSITY PHYSICIANS SERVICES, INCORPORATED, petitioner, vs. MARIAN
CLINICS, INC. and DR. LOURDES MABANTA, respondents.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of a decision of the Court of Appeals. Syllabi Class
:Remedial Law|Execution|Contracts
91. Leynes vs. Former Tenth Division of the Court of Appeals, 640 SCRA 25, January 19, 2011
Case Title : SPOUSES RUBEN and MYRNA LEYNES, petitioners, vs. FORMER TENTH DIVISION OF THE COURT
OF APPEALS, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 21, BANSALAN, DAVAO DEL
SUR, MUNICIPAL CIRCUIT TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 1, BANSALAN, DAVAO DEL SUR, and SPOUSES
GUALBERTO & RENE CABAHUG-SUPERALES, respondents
Case Nature : SPECIAL CIVIL ACTION in the Supreme Court. Certiorari
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Pleadings and Practice|Computation of time of filing of pleadings
104. NM Rothschild & Sons (Australia) Limited vs. Lepanto Consolidated Mining Company, 661 SCRA
328,November 28, 2011
Case Title : NM ROTHSCHILD & SONS (AUSTRALIA) LIMITED, petitioner, vs. LEPANTO
CONSOLIDATED MINING COMPANY, respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Actions|Summons|Extraterritorial Service
:Remedial Law|Pleadings and Practice|Pre-trial|Admission

303. Cahilig vs. Terencio, 661 SCRA 261, November 28, 2011
Case Title : VIOLA CAHILIG and ANTONIO G. SIEL, JR., petitioners, vs. HON. EUSTAQUIO G. TERENCIO,
Regional Trial Court of Kalibo, Aklan, Branch 8; THE PROVINCIAL SHERIFF, Kalibo, Aklan; and MERCANTILE
CREDIT RESOURCES CORPORATION, respondents.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Foreclosure of Mortgage|Writs of Possession

216. Manguiob vs. Arcangel, 666 SCRA 39, February 15, 2012
Case Title : FELIMON MANGUIOB, petitioner, vs. JUDGE PAUL T. ARCANGEL, RTC, BRANCH 12, DAVAO CITY and
ALEJANDRA VELASCO, respondents.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Appeals|Estoppel
259. Philippine National Bank vs. Gateway Property Holdings, Inc., 666 SCRA 251, February 15, 2012
Case Title : PHILIPPINE NATIONAL BANK, petitioner, vs. GATEWAY PROPERTY HOLDINGS, INC., respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Litis Pendentia|Dismissal of Actions
74. The Board of Regents of the Mindanao State University vs. Osop, 666 SCR A
2012

467, February 22,

Case Title : THE BOARD OF REGENTS OF THE MINDANAO STATE UNIVERSITY represented by its Chairman,
petitioner, vs. ABEDIN LIMPAO OSOP, respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of a decision of the Court of Appeals. Syllabi Class
:Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Intervention
321. Oropesa vs. Oropesa, 671 SCRA 174, April 25, 2012
Case Title : NILO OROPESA, petitioner, vs. CIRILO OROPESA, respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Demurrer to Evidence
319. Astorga and Repol Law Offices vs. Roxas, 678 SCRA 374, August 15, 2012
Case Title : ASTORGA AND REPOL LAW OFFICES, represented by ATTY. ARNOLD B. LUGARES, complainant, vs.
LEODEL N. ROXAS, SHERIFF IV, REGIONAL TRIAL COURT, BRANCH 66, MAKATI CITY, respondent.
Case Nature : ADMINISTRATIVE MATTER in the Supreme Court. Willful Neglect of Duty. Syllabi Class
:Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Sheriffs
294. Rizal Commercial Banking Corporation vs. Hilario, 681 SCRA 335, September 19, 2012 Case Title :
RIZAL COMMERCIAL BANKING CORPORATION, petitioner, vs. DOLORES HILARIO, TERESITA HILARIO, THELMA
HILARIO OCHOA and EDUARDO HILARIO, respondents.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Dismissal of Actions|Res Judicata

184. De La Salle University vs. De La Salle Employees Association (DLSUEA-NAFTEU), 679 SCRA 33,
August 23, 2012
Case Title : DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY, petitioner, vs. DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITY EMPLOYEES ASSOCIATION
(DLSUEA-NAFTEU), respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Appeals|Law of the Case|Words and Phrases
314. BP Philippines, Inc. (Formerly Burmah Castrol Philippines, Inc.) vs. Clark Tradin g Corporation,
681 SCRA 365, September 19, 2012
Case Title : BP PHILIPPINES, INC. (FORMERLY BURMAH CASTROL PHILIPPINES, INC.), petitioner, vs.
CLARK TRADING CORPORATION, respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Provisional Remedies|Preliminary Injunction
180. Palm Tree Estates, Inc. vs. Philippine National Bank, 682 SCRA 194, October 03, 2012 Case Title :
PALM TREE ESTATES, INC. and BELLE AIR GOLF AND COUNTRY CLUB, INC., petitioners, vs. PHILIPPINE NATIONAL
BANK, respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Provisional Remedies|Preliminary Injunctions
83. Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company vs. Eastern Telecommunications Philippines, Inc.,
690 SCRA 1, February 06, 2013
Case Title : PHILIPPINE LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE COMPANY, petitioner, vs. EASTERN
TELECOMMUNICATIONS PHILIPPINES, INC., respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the amended decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Courts|Moot and Academic
283. The Baguio Regreening Movement, Inc. vs. Masweng, 692 SCRA 109, February 27, 2013
Case Title : THE BAGUIO REGREENING MOVEMENT, INC., represented by ATTY. ERDOLFO V. BALAJADIA; CITY
ENVIRONMENT AND PARKS MANAGEMENT OFFICE, represented by its Officer-in-Charge, Cordelia C. Lacsamana;
and THE BUSOL FOREST RESERVATION TASK FORCE, represented by its Team Leader, Victor Dictag, petitioners,
vs. ATTY. BRAIN MASWENG, in his capacity as Regional Hearing Officer, NCIP-CAR; ELIZABETH MAT-AN, for herself
and as representative of the heirs of Rafael; JUDITH MARANES, for herself and as representative of the heirs of
Molintas; HELEN LUBOS, for herself and as representative of the heirs of Kalomis; MAGDALENA GUMANGAN QUE,
for herself and as representative of the heirs of Gumangan; Spouses ALEXANDER AMPAGUEY and LUCIA
AMPAGUEY; and Spouses CARMEN PANAYO and MELANIO PANAYO, respondents.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Stare Decisis

117. Solid Builders, Inc. vs. China Banking Corporation, 695 SCRA 101, April 03, 2013 Case Title :
SOLID BUILDERS, INC. and MEDINA FOODS INDUSTRIES, INC., petitioners, vs. CHINA BANKING CORPORATION,
respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Provisional Remedies|Preliminary Injunctions|Strong Arm of Equity
112. Rodriguez vs. Court of Appeals, 698 SCRA 352, June 13, 2013
Case Title : DEOGENES O. RODRIGUEZ, petitioner, vs. HON. COURT OF APPEALS and PHILIPPINE
CHINESE CHARITABLE ASSOCIATION, INC., respondents.
Case Nature : SPECIAL CIVIL ACTION in the Supreme Court. Certiorari. Syllabi
Class :Remedial Law|Motion to Intervene
428. Prieto vs. Alpadi Development Corporation, 702 SCRA 736, July 31, 2013 Case Title : RHODORA
PRIETO, petitioner, vs. ALPADI DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION, respondent.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Appeals|Petition for Review on Certiorari
265. Malayang Manggagawa ng Stayfast Phils. Inc. vs. National Labor Relation Commission, 704 SCRA
24, August 28, 2013
Case Title : MALAYANG MANGGAGAWA NG STAYFAST PHILS., INC., petitioner, vs. NATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS
COMMISSION, STAYFAST PHILIPPINES, INC./MARIA ALMEIDA, respondents. Case Nature : SPECIAL CIVIL
ACTION in the Supreme Court. Certiorari.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Special Civil Actions|Certiorari|Motion for Reconsideration
18. Smart Communications, Inc. vs. Aldecoa, 705 SCRA 392, September 11, 2013 Case Title: SMART
COMMUNICATIONS, INC., petitioner, vs. ARSENIO ALDECOA, JOSE B.
TORRE, CONRADO U. PUA, GREGORIO V. MANSANO, JERRY CORPUZ and ESTELITA ACOSTA, respondents.
Case Nature : PETITION for review on certiorari of the decision and resolution of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Judgments|Summary Judgments
211. Heirs of Cornelio Miguel vs. Heirs of Angel Miguel, 719 SCRA 413, March 19, 2014 Case Title :
HEIRS OF CORNELIO MIGUEL, petitioners, vs. HEIRS OF ANGEL MIGUEL, respondents.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Civil Procedure|Judgments|Res Judicata|Parties

EVIDENCE
299. People vs. Figueroa, 669 SCRA 391, April 11, 2012
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. JESUSA FIGUEROA y CORONADO,
accused-appellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Evidence|Witnesses
300. People vs. Velasquez, 669 SCRA 307, April 11, 2012
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. JIMMY BIYALA VELASQUEZ, accusedappellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Evidence|Witnesses
135. People vs. Basao, 683 SCRA 529, October 10, 2012
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. ALBERTO M. BASAO alias
Dodong, JOVEL S. APOLE, MELQUIADES L. APOLE, ESTRELITA1 G. APOLE, ROLANDO A. APOLE alias Bebot,
VICENTE C. SALON, JAIME TANDAN, RENATO C. APOLE alias Boboy, ROLANDO M. OCHIVILLO alias Allan,
LORENZO L. APOLE, JOHN DOE, PETER DOE and MIKE DOE, accused, JOVEL S. APOLE, ROLANDO A. APOLE and
RENATO C. APOLE, accused-appellants. Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Evidence|Witnesses
310. People vs. Morante, 686 SCRA 602, November 28, 2012
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. FELIX MORANTE, accused-appellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Evidence|Witnesses|Rape
22. People vs. Basallo, 689 SCRA 616, January 30, 2013
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. ANTONIO BASALLO y ASPREC, accusedappellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Evidence|Flight
278. People vs. Veloso, 690 SCRA 586, February 13, 2013
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. JONATHAN UTO VELOSO y RAMA, accusedappellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals. Syllabi
Class :Remedial Law|Evidence|Witnesses

363. People vs. De la Cruz, 699 SCRA 145, June 19, 2013
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. BERNESTO DE LA CRUZ @ BERNING,
accused-appellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Evidence|Witnesses
153. People vs. Zafra, 700 SCRA 106, June 26, 2013
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. ROMAN ZAFRA y SERRANO, accusedappellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Evidence|Witnesses|Retractions
218. People vs. Santos, 709 SCRA 500, November 13, 2013
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. MARILYN SANTOS and ARLENE VALERA, accusedappellants.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Evidence|Objection to Evidence
201. People vs. Taculod, 712 SCRA 562, December 11, 2013
Case Title : PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES, plaintiff-appellee, vs. ROSELITO TACULOD y ELLE, accusedappellant.
Case Nature : APPEAL from a decision of the Court of Appeals.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Evidence|Objection to Evidence
###
157. Bautista vs. Causapin, Jr., 652 SCRA 442, June 22, 2011
Case Title : ATTY. FACUNDO T. BAUTISTA, complainant, vs. JUDGE BLAS O. CAUSAPIN, JR., Presiding Judge,
Regional Trial Court, Branch 32, Guimba, Nueva Ecija, respondent.
Case Nature : ADMINISTRATIVE MATTER in the Supreme Court. Gross Ignorance of the Law and Gross
Misconduct.
Syllabi Class :Remedial Law|Pleadings and Practice|Motions