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1. Principal B tells her teachers that training in the humanities is most important.

To which educational philosophy does he adhere?


A. Existentialism
B. Perennialism
C. Progressivism
D. Essentialism
2. Principal C shares this thought with his teachers: "Subject matter should help
students understand and appreciate themselves as unique individuals who accept
complete responsibility for their thoughts, feelings, and actions." From which
philosophy is this thought based?
A. Perennialism
B. Essentialism
C. Existentialism
D. Progressivism
3. To come closer to the truth we need to "go back to the things themselves." This
is the advice of the __________.
A. behaviorists
B. phenomenologists
C. idealists
D. pragmatists

4. Student B claims: "I cannot see perfection but I long for it. So it must be real."
Under which group can he be classified?
A. Idealist
B. Empiridst
C. Realist
D. Pragmatist
5. Which of the following prepositions is attributed to Plato?
A. Truth is relative to a particular time and place.
B. Human beings create their own truths.
C. Learning is the discovery of truth as latent ideas are brought to
consciousness.
D. Sense perception is the most accurate guide to knowledge.
6. On whose philosophy was A. S. Neil's Summerhill, one of the most
experimental schools, based?
A. Rousseau
B. Pestalozzi
C. Montessori
D. John Locke
7. As a teacher, you are a rationalist. Which among these will be your guiding
principle?
A. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of
anything.
B. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full.

C. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven.


D. I must teach the child every knowledge, skill, and value that he needs for
a better future.
8. Teacher U teaches to his pupils that pleasure is not the highest good. Teacher's
teaching is against what philosophy?
A. Realism
B. Hedonism
C. Epicureanism
D. Empiricism
9. Who among the following puts more emphasis on core requirements, longer
school day, longer academic year and more challenging textbooks?
A. Perennialist
B. Essentialist
C. Progressivist
D. Existentialist
10. Which group of philosophers maintain that "truth exists in an objective order
that is independent of the knower"?
A. Idealists
B. Pragmatists
C. Existentialists
D. Realists

11. You arrive at knowledge by re-thinking of latent ideas. From whom does this
thought come?
A. Experimentalist
B. Realist
C. Idealist
D. Existentialist
12. As a teacher, you are a reconstructionist. Which among these will be your
guiding principle?
A. I must teach the child every knowledge, skill, and value that he needs for
a better future.
B. I must teach the child to develop his mental powers to the full.
C. I must teach the child so he is assured of heaven.
D. I must teach the child that we can never have real knowledge of
anything.
13. Teacher B engages her students with information for thorough understanding
for meaning and for competent application. Which principle governs Teacher B's
practice?
A. Contructivist
B. Gestalt
C. Behaviorist
D. Cognitivist

14. Which is/are the sources of man's intellectual drives, according to Freud
A. Id
B. Superego
C. Id and ego
D. Ego
15. Soc exhibits fear response to freely roaming dogs but does not show fear when
a dog is on a leash or confined to a pen. Which conditioning process is illustrated
A. Generalization
B. Extinction
C. Acquisition
D. Discrimination
16. The concepts of trust vs. maturity, autonomy vs. self-doubt, and initiative vs.
guilt are most closely related with the works of __________.
A. Erikson
B. Piaget
C. Freud
D. Jung
17. Teacher F is convinced that whenever a student performs a desired behavior,
provided reinforcement and soon the student will learn to perform the behavior on
his own. On which principle is Teacher F's conviction based?
A. Cognitivism
B. Environmentalism
C. Behaviorism

D. Constructivism
18. In a social studies class, Teacher I presents a morally ambiguous situation and
asks his students what they would do. On whose theory is Teacher I's technique
based?
A. Kohlberg
B. Bandura
C. Piaget
D. Bruner
19. Based on Freud's psychoanalytic theory which component(s) of personality is
(are) concerned with a sense of right and wrong?
A. Super-ego
B. Super-ego and Ego
C. ld
D. Ego
20. Which does Naom Chomsky, assert about language learning for children?
I. Young children learn and apply grammatical rules and vocabulary as
they are exposed to them.
II. Begin formal teaching of grammatical rules to children as early as
possible.
III. Do not require initial formal language teaching for children.
A. I and III
B. II only
C. I only

D. I and II
21. Which teaching activity is founded on Bandura's Social Learning Theory?
A. Lecturing
B. Modeling
C. Questioning
D. lnductive Reasoning
22. Behavior followed by pleasant consequences will be be strengthened and will
be more likely to occur in the future. Behavior followed by unpleasant
consequences will be weakened and will be less likely to be repeated in the future.
Which one is explained?
A. Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory
B. Thorndike's Law of Effect
C. B. F. Skinner's Operant Conditioning Theory
D. Bandura's Social Learning Theory
23. Bruner's theory on intellectual development moves from enactive to iconic and
symbolic stages. In which stage(s) are diagrams helpful to accompany verbal
information?
A. Enactive and iconic
B. Symbolic
C. Symbolic and enactive
D. Iconic

24. In a treatment for alcoholism, Ramil was made to drink an alcoholic beverage
and then made to ingest a drug that produces nausea. Eventually, he was nauseated
at the sight and smell of alcohol and stopped drinking alcohoL Which theory
explains this?
A. Operant conditioning
B. Social Learning Theory
C. Associative Learning
D. Attribution Theory
25. A mother gives his boy his favorite snack everytime the boy cleans up his
room. Afterwards, the boy cleaned his room everyday in anticipation of the snack.
Which theory is illustrated?
A. Associative Learning
B. Classical Conditioning
C. Operant Conditioning
D. Pavlonian Conditioning
26. Researches conducted show that teacher's expectations of students become. Do
not require initial formal language teaching for children self-fulfilling prophecies.
What is this phenomenon called?
A. Halo effect
B. Pygmalion effect
C. Ripple effect
D. Hawthorne effect
27. What does extreme authoritarianism in the home reinforce in learners?

A. Doing things on their own initiative


B. Ability to direct themselves.
C. Dependence on others for direction.
D. Creativity in work.
28. Theft of school equipment like tv, computer, etc. by teenagers in the
community itself is becoming a common phenomenon. What does this incident
signify?
A. Prevalence of poverty in the community
B. Inability of school to hire security guards
C. Deprivation of Filipino schools
D. Community's lack of sense of co-ownership
29. A student passes a research report poorly written but ornately presented in a
folder to make up for the poor quality of the book report content. Which Filipino
trait does this practice prove? Emphasis on __________.
A. art over academics
B. substance over "porma"
C. art over science
D. "porma" over substance
30. Student Z does not study at all but when the Licensure Examination for
Teachers (LET) comes, before he takes the LET, he spends one hour or more
praying for a miracle, i.e. to pass the exam. Which attitude towards religion or God
is displayed?

A. Religion as fake
B. Religion as magic
C. Religion as authentic
D. Religion as real
31. During the Spanish period, what was/were the medium/media of instruction in
schools?
A. The Vernacular
B. English
C. Spanish
D. Spanish and the Vernacular
32. All subjects in Philippine elementary and secondary schools are expected to be
taught using the integrated approach. This came about as a result of the
implementation of _________.
A. Program for Decentralized Education
B. School-Based Management
C. Basic Education Curriculum
D. Schools First Initiative
33. Under which program were students who were not accommodated in public
elementary and secondary schools because of lack of classroom, teachers, and
instructional materials, were enrolled in private schools in their respective
communities at the government's expense?
A. Government Assistance Program
B. Study Now-Pay Later

C. Educational Service Contract System


D. National Scholarship Program
34. What was the most prominent educational issue of the mid 1980s?
A. Bilingual Education
B. Values Education
C. Accountability
D. Mainstreaming
35. Availment of the Philippine Education Placement Test (PEPT) for adults and
out-of-school youths is in support of the goverriment's educational program
towards __________.
A. equitable access
B. quality
C. quality and relevance
D. relevance
36. The main purpose of compulsory study of the Constitution is to __________
A. develop students into responsible, thinking citizens
B. acquaint students with the historical development of the Philippine
Constitution
C. make constitutional experts of the students
D. prepare students for law-makinig
37. Which one may support equitable access but may sacrifice quality?
A. Open admission
B. School accreditation

C. Deregulated tuition fee hike


D. Selective retention
38. With which goals of educational institutions as provided for by the
Constitution is the development of work skills aligned?
A. To develop moral character
B. To teach the duties of citizenship
C. To inculcate love of country
D. To develop vocational efficiency
39. Studies in the areas of neurosciences disclosed that the human brain has
limitless capacity. What does this imply?
A. Some pupils are admittedly not capable of learning.
B. Every pupil has his own native ability and his learning is limited to this
nativeabilty.
C. Every child is a potential genius.
D. Pupils can possibly reach a point where they have learned everything.
40. Based on Piaget's theory, what should a teacher provide for children in the
concrete operational stage?
A. Activities for hypothesis formulation.
B. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and ordering.
C. Games and other physical activities to develop motor skills.
D. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with.

41. Based on Piaget's theory, what should a teacher provide for children in the
sensimotor stage?
A. Games and other physical activities to develop motor skill.
B. Learning activities that involve problems of classification and ordering.
C. Activities for hypothesis formulation.
D. Stimulating environment with ample objects to play with.
42. Which behavior is exhibited by a student who is strong in interpersonal
intelligence?
A. Works on his/her own.
B. Keeps interest to himself/herself.
C. Seeks out a classmate for help when problem occurs.
D. Spends time meditating.
43. A sixth grade twelve-year old boy comes from a dysfunctional family and has
been abused and neglected. He has been to two orphanages and three different
elementary schools. The student can decode on the second grade level, but he can
comprehend orally material at the fourth or fifth grade level. The most probable
cause/s of this student's reading problem is/are __________.
A. emotional factors
B. poor teaching
C. neurological factors
D. immaturity
44. A child who gets punished for stealing candy may not steal again immediately.
But this does not mean that the child may not steal again. Based on Thorndike's
theory on punishment and learning, this shows that __________

A. punishment strengthens a response


B. punishment removes a response
C. punishment does not remove a response
D. punishment weakens a response
45. It is not wise to laugh at a two-year old child when he utters bad word because
in his stage he is learning to __________.
A. consider other's views
B. distinguish sex differences
C. socialize
D. distinguish right from wrong
46. John Watson said: "Men are built not born." What does this statement point
to?
A. The ineffectiveness of training on a person's development.
B. The effect of environmental stimulation on a person's development.
C. The absence of genetic influence on a person's development.
D. The effect of heredity.
47. Which types of play is most characteristic of a four to six-year old child?
A. Solitary and onlooker plays
B. Associative and coooperative plays
C. Associative and onlooker plays
D. Cooperative and solitary plays

48. All of the following describe the development of children aged eleven to
thirteen EXCEPT __________.
A. they shift from impulsivity to adaptive ability
B. sex differences in IQ becomes more evident
C. they exhibit increase objectivity in thinking
D. they show abstract thinking and judgement
49. Rodel is very aloof and cold in his relationships with his classmates. Which
basic goal must have not been attained by Rodel during his developmental years,
according to Erikson's theory on psychological development?
A. Autonomy
B. Trust
C. Initiative
D. Generativity
50. Ruben is very attached to his mother and Ruth to her father. In what
developmental stage are they according to Freudian psychological theory?
A. Oedipal stage
B. Latent stage
C. Annal stage
D. Pre-genital stage
51. Which assumption underlies the teacher's use of performance objectives?
A. Not every form of learning is observable
B. Performance objectives assure the learner of learning

C. Learning is defined as a change in the learner's observable


performance
D. The success of learner is based on teacher performance
52. The principle of individual differences requires teachers to __________.
A. give greater attention to gifted learners
B. provide for a variety of learning activities
C. treat all learners alike while in the classroom
D. prepare modules for slow learners in class
53. In instructional planning it is necessary that the parts of the plan from the first
to the last have __________.
A. clarity
B. symmetry
C. coherence
D. conciseness
54. A goal-oriented instruction culminates in __________.
A. planning of activities
B. evaluation
C. identification of topics
D. formulation of objectives
55. A teacher's summary of a lesson serves the following functions, EXCEPT
A. it links the parts of the lesson
B. lt brings together the information that has been discussed

C. it makes provisions for full participation of students.


D. it clinches the basic ideas or concepts of the lesson.
56. In Krathwohl's affective domain of objectives, which of the following is the
lowest level of affective behavior?
A. Valuing
B. Characterization
C. Responding
D. Organization
57. The following are used in writing performance objectives, EXCEPT
A. delineate
B. diagram
C. integrate
D. comprehend
58. If a teacher plans a constructivist lesson, what will he most likely do? Plan
how he can
A. do evaluate his students' work
B. do reciprocal teaching
C. lecture to his students
D. engage his students in convergent thinking
59. In mastery learning, the definition of an acceptable standard of performance is
called a __________.

A. SMART
B. criterion measure
C. behavior
D. condition
60. The primary objective of my lesson is: "To add similar fractions correctly."
Before I can do this I must first aim at this specific objective: "To distinguish a
numerator from a nominator." What kind of objective is the latter?
A. Major
B. Terminal
C. Enabling
D. Primary
61. Which behavioral term describes a lesson outcome in the highest level of
Bloom's cognitive domain?
A. Create
B. Evaluate
C. Analyze
D. Design
62. As a teacher, what do you do when you engage yourself in major task
analysis?
A. Test if learning reached higher level thinking skills.
B. Breakdown a complex task into sub-skills.
C. Determine the level of thinking involved.

D. Revise lesson objectives.


63. Teacher G's lesson objective has something to do with the skill of
synthesizing? Which behavioral term is most appropriate?
A. Test
B. Assess
C. Appraise
D. Theorize
64. In Krathwohl's taxonomy of objectives in the affective, which is most
authentic?
A. Characterization
B. Orgarlization
C. Responding
D. Valuing
65. "A stitch on time saves nine", so goes the adage.. Applied to classroom
management, this means that we __________
A. may not occupy ourselves with disruptions which are worth ignoring
because they are minor
B. must be reactive in our approach to discipline
C. have to resolve minor disruptions before they are out of control
D. may apply 9 rules out of 10 consistently
66. How can you exhibit referent power on the first day of school?
A. By making them feel you know what you are talking about
B. By telling them the importance of good grades

C. By reminding your students your authority over them again and again
D. By giving your students a sense of belonging and acceptance
67. Teacher B clears his throat to communicate disapproval of a student's behavior.
Which specific influence technique is this?
A. Signal interference
B. Direct appeal
C. Interest boosting
D. Proximity control
68. How can you exhibit expert power on the first day of school?
A. By making them feel you know what you are talking about.
B. By making them realize the importance of good grades.
C. By reminding them your students your authority over them again and
again.
D. By giving your students a sense of belonging and acceptance.
69. Teacher H strives to draw participation of every student into her classroom
discussion. Which student's need is she trying to address? The need __________
A. to show their oral abilities to the rest of the class
B. to be creative
C. to feel significant and be part of a group
D. to get everything out in the open
70. Which is a sound classroom management practice?
A. Avoid establishing routines; routines make your student robots.

B. Establish routines for all daily needs and tasks.


C. Apply rules and policies on a case to case basis.
D. Apply reactive approach to discipline.
71. An effective classroom manager uses low-profile classroom control. Which is
a low-profile classroom technique?
A. Note to parents
B. After-school detention
C. Withdrawal of privileges
D. Raising the pitch of the voice
72. Which is one characteristic of an effective classroom management?
A. It quickly and unobtrusively redirects misbehavior once it occurs.
B. It teaches dependence on others for self-control.
C. It respects cultural norms of a limited group students.
D. Strategies are simple enough to be used consistently.
73. How can you exhibit legitimate power on the first day of school?
A. By making your students feel they are accepted for who they are.
B. By informing them you are allowed to act in loco parentis.
C. By making them realize the importance of good grades.
D. By making them feel you have mastery of subject matter.
74. With-it-ness, according to Kounin, is one of the characterestics of an effective
classroom manager. Which phrase goes with it?

A. Have hands that write fast.


B. Have eyes on the back of your heads.
C. Have a mouth ready to speak.
D. Have minds packed with knowledge.
75. Which is an appropriate way to manage off-task behavior?
A. Make eye contact.
B. Stop your class activity to correct a child who is no longer on task.
C. Move closer to the child.
D. Redirect a child's attention to task and check his progress to make
sure he is continuing to work.
76. Referring to Teacher S, Nicolle describes her teacher as "fair, caring and
someone you can talk to." Which power or leadership does Teacher S have?
A. Referent power
B. Legitimate power
C. Reward power
D. Expert power
77. Research tells that teachers ask mostly content questions. Which of the
following terms does NOT refer to content question?
A. Closed
B. Direct
C. Concept

D. Convergent
78. Read the following then answer the question:
TEACHER: IN WHAT WAYS OTHER THAN THE PERIODIC TABLE MIGHT WE PREDICT
THE UNDISCOVERED ELEMENTS?
BOBBY: WE COULD GO TOTHE MOON AND SEE IF THERE ARE SOME ELEMENTS
THERE WE DON'T HAVE.
BETTY: WE COULD DIG DOWN TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH AND SEE IF WE FIND
ANY OF THE MISSING ELEMENTS.
RICKY: WE COULD STUDY DEBRIS FROM THE METEORITES IF WE CAN FIND ANY.
TEACHER: THOSE ARE ALL GOOD ANSWERS BUT WHAT IF THOSE, EXCURSIONS TO
THE MOON, TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH, OR TO FIND METEORITES WERE TOO
COSTLY AND TIME CONSUMING? HOW MIGHT WE USE THE ELEMENTS WE ALREADY
HAVE HERE ON EARTH TO FIND SOME NEW ONES?

Question: Which questioning strategy/ies does/do the exchange of thoughts above


illustrate?
A. Funneling
B. Sowing and reaping
C. Nose-dive
D. Extending and lifting
79. Which questioning practice promotes more class interaction?
A. Asking the question before calling on a student.
B. Focusing on divergent questions.
C. Focusing on convergent questions.
D. Asking rhetorical questions.

80. Which technique should a teacher use to encourage response if his students do
not respond to his question?
A. Ask a specific student to respond, state the question, and wait a
response.
B. Tell the class that it will have detention unless answer are forthcoming.
C. Ask another question, an easier one.
D. Wait for a response.
81. Teacher P wants to develop the skill of synthesizing in her pupils. Which one
will she do?
A. Ask her students to formulate a generalization from the data shown
in graphs.
B. Ask her students to answer questions beginning with "What if ... "
C. Tell her pupils to state data presented in graphs.
D. Directs her students to ask questions on the parts of the lesson not
understood.
82. The following are sound specific purposes of questions EXCEPT
A. to call the attention of an inattentive student
B. to teach via student answers
C. to stimulate leamers to ask questions
D. to arouse interestand curiosity
83. For maximum interaction, a teacher ought to avoid __________ questions.
A. informational
B. rhetorical

C. leading
D. divergent
84. If teacher has to ask more higher-order questions, he has to ask more
__________ questions.
A. closed
B. fact
C. concept
D. convergent
85. Which is NOT a sound purpose for asking questions?
A. To probe deeper after an answer is given.
B. To discipline a bully in class.
C. To remind students of a procedure.
D. To encourage self-reflection.
86. After giving an input on a good paragraph, Teacher W asks her students to rate
a given paragraph along the elements of a good paragraph. The students' task is in
level of __________.
A. application
B. analysis
C. evaluation
D. synthesis
87. Read the following then answer the question

TEACHER: IN WHAT WAYS OTHER THAN THE PERIODIC TABLE MIGHT WE PREDICT
THE UNDISCOVERED ELEMENTS?
BOBBY: WE COULD GOTO THE MOON AND SEE IF THERE ARE SOME ELEMENTS
THERE WE DON'T HAVE.
BETTY: WE COULD DIG DOWN INTO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH AND SEE IF WE
FIND ANY OF THE MISSING ELEMENTS
RICKY: WE COULD STUDY DEBRIS FROM THE METEORITES IF WE CAN FIND ANY
TEACHER: THOSE ARE ALL GOOD ANSWERS. BUT WHAT IF THOSE EXCURSIONS TO
THE MOON, TO THE CENTER OF THE EARTH, OR TO FIND METEORITES WERE TOO
COSTLY AND TIME CONSUMING? HOW MIGHT WE USE THE ELEMENTS WE ALREADY
HAVE HERE ON EARTH TO FIND SOME NEW ONES?

Question: The Teacher's questions in the above exchange are examples of


__________ questions.
A. fact
B. concept
C. direct
D. closed
88. Read this question: "How will you present the layers of the earth to your
class?" This is a question that
A. directs
B. leads the student to evaluate
C. assesses cognition
D. probes creative thinking
89. The teacher's first task in the selection of media in teaching is to determine the
______.
A. choice of the students

B. availability of the media


C. objectives of the lesson
D. technique to be used
90. Based on Edgar Dale's Cone of Experience, which activity is closest to the real
thing?
A. View images
B. Attend exhibit
C. Watch a demo
D. Hear
91. Based on Edgar Dale's Cone of Experience, which activity is farthest from the
real thing?
A. Read
B. Hear
C. View images
D. Attend exhibit
92. Which criterion should guide a teacher in the choice of instructional devices?
A. Attractiveness
B. Cost
C. Novelty
D. Appropriateness

93. To elicit more student's response, Teacher G made use of covert responses.
Which one did she NOT do?
A. She had the students write their response privately.
B. She showed the correct answers on the overhead after the students
have written their responses.
C. She had the students write their responses privately then called each of
them.
D. She refrained from judging on the student's responses.
94. Teacher W wants to review and check on the lesson of the previous day?
Which one will be most reliable?
A. Having students identify difficult homework problems.
B. Having students correct each other's work.
C. Sampling the understanding of a few students.
D. Explicitly reviewing the task-relevant information necessary for the day's
lesson.
95. Teacher M's pupils are quite weak academically and his lesson is already far
behind his time table. How should Teacher M proceed with his lesson?
A. Experientially
B. lnductively
C. Logically
D. Deductively
96. Which activity should a teacher have more for his students if he wants them to
develop logical-mathematical thinking?
A. Problem solving

B. Choral reading
C. Drama
D. Storytelling
97. Which guideline must be observed in the use of prompting to shape the correct
performance of your students?
A. Use the least intrusive prompt first.
B. Use all prompts available.
C. Use the most intrusive prompt first.
D. Refrain from using prompts.
98. To promote effective practice, which guideline should you bear in mind?
Practice should be __________.
A. done in an evaluative atmosphere
B. difficult for students to learn a lesson
C. arranged to allow students to receive feedback
D. take place over a long period of time
98. To promote effective practice, which guideline should you bear in mind?
Practice should be __________.
A. done in an evaluative atmosphere
B. difficult for students to learn a lesson
C. arranged to allow students to receive feedback
D. take place over a long period of time
99. Which is one role of play in the pre-school and early childhood years?

A. Develops competitive spirit.


B. Separates reality from fantasy.
C. Increases imagination due to expanding knowledge and emotional
range.
D. Develops the upper and lower limbs.
100. Teacher T taught a lesson denoting ownership by means of possessives. He
first introduced the rule, then gave examples, followed by class exercises, then
back to the rule before he moved into the second rule. Which presenting technique
did he use?
A. Combinatorial
B. Comparative
C. Part-whole
D. Sequential