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Wanganui Park Secondary College

Victorian Certificate of Education


2011
CHEMISTRY Unit One
Assessment Task: Written Examination
Wednesday 15th June, 2011
Name: SOLUTIONS
QUESTION AND ANSWER BOOK
Structure of book

Section

Number of questions

A
B

20
8

Number of
questions to be
answered
20
8
Total

Total marks

20
43
63

Directions to students

Materials
Question and answer book of 12 pages, with a detachable data sheet.
Answer sheet for multiple-choice questions. You should have at least one pencil and an eraser.
An approved calculator may be used.
The Task
This paper consists of two sections, Section A and Section B.
Answer all questions from Section A. Section A is worth 20 marks.
Section A questions should be answered on the answer sheet provided for multiple-choice
questions.
Answer all questions from Section B. Section B is worth 43 marks.
Section B questions should be answered in the spaces provided in this book.
There are a total of 63 marks available.
Working space is provided throughout this book.
All written responses should be in English.
At the end of the task
Place the answer sheet for multiple-choice questions inside the front cover of this book and hand
them in.

SECTION A
Specific instructions for Section A
Section A consists of 20 multiple-choice questions. Section A is worth approximately 31 per cent of the
marks available. You should spend approximately 26 minutes on this section.
Choose the response that is correct or best answers the question, and indicate your choice on the multiplechoice answer sheet according to the instructions on that sheet.
A correct answer is worth 1 mark; an incorrect answer is worth no marks. No mark will be given if more than
one answer is completed for any questions. Marks will not be deducted for incorrect answers. You should
attempt every question.

Question 1
Which one of the following atoms represents an isotope of
A.

7
14

B.

14
8

C.

15
7

D.

15
8

14
7

N?

Question 2
As you move down the elements in Group 1 of the periodic table, the atomic size
A.

decreases and the electronegativity decreases.

B.

decreases and the electonegativity increases.

C.

increases and the electronegativity decreases.

D.

increases and the electronegativity increases.

Question 3
The molar mass of calcium phosphate, Ca3(PO4)2 is
A.

199

B.

279

C.

310

D.

430

Question 4
An element was found to consist of two isotopes. One of the isotopes has a relative isotopic mass
of 30 with a relative abundance of 76%. The second isotope has a relative isotopic mass of 33 with
a relative abundance of 24%. The relative atomic mass of the element is
A.

31.5

B.

1536

C.

30.72

D.

9.9

Question 5
Determine the amount, in mol, in 60 g of urea, NH2CONH2
A.

60

B.

C.

6.02 x 1023

D.

1.0 x 10-22

Question 6
The number of molecules in 1.5 mol of H2 gas is
A.

9.03 x 1023

B.

1.81 x 1024

C.

1.5

D.

3.0

Question 7
The element sodium has which of the following properties?
A.

malleability and relatively low electronegativity

B.

malleability and relatively high electronegativity

C.

brittleness and relatively low electronegativity

D.

brittleness and relatively high electronegativity

Question 8
Which of the following substances is the best conductor of electricity?
A.

solid sodium chloride

B.

iron

C.

pure water

D.

ethene gas

Question 9
The bonding within metallic solids may be described as
A.

ionic; formed between positively charged ions and negatively charged ions

B.

an electrostatic attraction between positively charged metal ions and delocalised


electrons

C.

dipole-dipole; between metallic molecules

D.

dispersion forces operating between metallic molecules.


The following information is referred to in Questions 10 and 11 below.
I

CH2CHCl

II

C8H18

III

CH3F

IV

CH3OH

Question 10
The substance(s) that contain(s) molecules that are attracted to each other by hydrogen bonds
is (are):
A.

III

B.

III and IV

C.

II, III and IV

D.

IV

Question 11
The substance that relies on dispersion forces alone for attraction between its molecules is:
A.

B.

II

C.

III

D.

IV

Question 12
A list that contains empirical formulas only is
A.

CO2, H2O2, N2O4, KNO3

B.

NaCl, NO2, BH3, SF4

C.

MgO, C6H6, PH3, LiCl

D.

P2O5, Al2O3, C2H4, SiO2

Question 13
The empirical formula of ethane, C2H6, is
A.

CH

B.

CH3

C.

CH2

D.

CH4

Question 14
Which one of the following molecules is polar?
A.

CCl4

B.

CH2Cl2

C.

SiH4

D.

CO2

Questions 15, 16, and 17 refer to the following organic compounds

Question 15
Which of the above can form polymers?
A.

All of them.

B.

1 and 2 only

C.

3 and 4 only

D.

None of them.

Question 16
Which of the above are structural isomers?
A.

All of them.

B.

1 and 2 only

C.

3 and 4 only

D.

None of them.

Question 17
Which of the compounds are members of the alkene homologous series?
A.

All of them.

B.

1 and 2 only

C.

3 and 4 only

D.

None of them.

Question 18
All alkenes have
A.

only single carbon-to-carbon covalent bonds.

B.

more than one carbon-to-carbon double covalent bond.

C.

similar size and shape molecules.

D.

similar chemical properties.

Question 19

The name of the alkanol shown is


A.

1-butanol

B.

2-butanol

C.

3-butanol

D.

4-butanol

Question 20
The electronic configuration of
A.

1s22s22p4

B.

1s22s22p6

C.

1s22s22p63s22p4

D.

1s22s22p23s2

16
8

O in its ground state is

CHEMISTRY
Unit One: Unit Examination

DATA SHEET

Directions to students

Detach this data sheet during reading time.


This data sheet is provided for your reference.

The names and formulae of some common and positive and negative ions
Positive Ions (Cations)
+1

+2
+

+3

Lithium

Li

Magnesium

Mg

Aluminium

Al3+

Sodium

Na+

Calcium

Ca2+

Chromium

Cr3+

2+

Iron(III)

Fe3+

Potassium

Barium

Ba

2+

Silver

Ag+

Zinc

Zn2+

Copper(I)

Cu+

Copper(II)

Cu2+

Ammonium

NH4+

Mercury(II)

Hg2+

Iron(II)

Fe2+

Nickel(II)

Ni2+

Tin(II)

Sn2+

Lead(II)

Pb2+

Negative Ions (Anions)


-1

-2

Hydroxide

OH

Hydrogen
carbonate

-3
2-

Oxide

Nitride

HCO3-

Sulfide

S2-

Phosphate

Nitrate

NO3-

Sulfate

SO42-

Fluoride

F-

Carbonate

CO32-

Chloride

Cl-

Chromate

CrO42-

Bromide

Br-

Dichromate

Cr2O72-

Iodide

I-

acetate

CH3COO-

Electronegativity values

N3PO43-

Data sheet formulae


The following information may be useful
n=

m
M

where n = amount of substance in mol


m = mass of substance in grams
M = molar mass in g mol-1

n=

N
NA

where N = number of particles


NA= number of particles in 1 mol (6.02 x 1023)

RAM (Atomic Mass) =

(RIM

x relative abundance + RIM2 x relative abundance + ...)


100

where RIM = relative isotopic mass


% composition (element) =

No of C
atoms
1

mass of element in compound x 100


mass of compound

Alkanes (CnH2n + 2)

Alkenes (CnH2n))

methane

CH4

Ethane

C2H6

Ethene

C2H4

Propane

C3H8

Propene

C3H6

Butane

C4H10

Butane

C4H8

Pentane

C5H12

Pentene

C5H10

Hexane

C6H14

Hexene

C6H12

Heptane

C7H16

Heptene

C7H14

Octane

C8H18

Octene

C8H16

Nonane

C9H20

Nonene

C9H18

10

Decane

C10H22

Decene

C10H20

Specific instructions for Section B


Section B consists of eight short-answer questions. You should answer all of these questions. This
section is worth approximately 69 per cent of the total. You should spend approximately 63 minutes on
this section.
The marks allotted are shown at the end of each question.
Questions should be answered in the spaces provided in this book.
To obtain full marks for your responses you should:
Give simplified answers for all numerical questions; unsimplified answers will not be given full marks.
Show all working in your answers to numerical questions. No credit will be given for an incorrect
answer unless it is accompanied by details of the working.
Make sure all chemical equations are balanced and that the formulas for individual substances
include an indication of state {for example, H2(g); Na(s)}

Question 1
The element silver, Ag, occurs as two isotopes.
One isotope as a relative isotope of 106.9 and a relative abundance of 51.8%.
The other isotope has a relative isotopic mass of 109.0 and a relative abundance of 48.2%.
Calculate the relative atomic mass of silver.
RAM (Ag)

= [(106.9 x 51.8) + (109.0 x 48.2)]/100


= 107.91
(3 marks)

Question 2
The diagram below represents a section of the periodic table.
Li

Be

Na

Mg

Al

Si

Cl

From the list of elements, give the symbol for the element in this section that represents:
(a)

the most electronegative element


F

(b)

the least electronegative element


Na

(c)

an atom that has an electron configuration of 2s22s22p4


O

(d)

a period 3 element that would be expected combine with oxygen to form a metallic oxide.
Any of Na, Mg or Al

(e)

an element that would reaction combine form a non-metallic oxide that a linear shaped
molecule.
C

(f)

an element that is in Group 15 and period 2.


N
(1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 6 marks)

Question 3
Ethanol, C2H5OH, is being used a biofuel. When combusted (burnt) in air, (O2) it produces carbon
dioxide and water vapour.
The balance chemical equation for this reaction is:
C2H5OH(g) + 3O2(g) 2CO2(g) + 3H2O(g)
92 g of ethanol is burnt in excess air. (NOTE: This was a typo on the exam.)
(a)

Determine the molar mass of ethanol.


M(C2H5OH)

(b)

Calculate the amount, in mol, of ethanol.


n(C2H5OH)

(c)

= m/M
= 92/46
= 2 mol

Determine the number of carbon atoms present in 92 g of ethanol.


N(C)

(d)

= [(2 x 12) + (5 x 1) + 16 + 1]
= 46 g mol-1

= n(C) x NA
= 2n(C2H5OH) x 6.0 x 1023
= 2 x 2 x 6.0 x 1023
= 2.4 x 1024

What is the percentage by mass of oxygen in ethanol?


% (O) = 16/46 x 100
= 34.78%

1 + 1 + 2 + 2 = 8 marks

Question 4
Determine the percentage composition by mass of silver, Ag, in silver nitrate, AgNO3.
% (Ag) = 107.9/169.9 x 100
= 63.51%

NOTE: molar mass of AgNO3 = 107.9 + 14 + (16 x 3)


= 169.9
(2 marks)

Question 5
A liquid was found to contain 37.6% carbon by mass, 12.5% hydrogen by mass and 50% oxygen
by mass. Determine the empirical formula of the liquid.
n(C) : n(H) : n(O)
37.6/12 : 12.5/1: 50/16
3.133 : 12.5 : 3.125
1:4:1
So, empirical formula is CH4O
(4 marks)

Question 6
For each of the following substances, draw the structure the respective molecules in the boxes
and state in each case whether the molecule is (significantly) polar or non-polar.
(a)

H2O
Shape will be bent (or V-shaped). The molecule is polar.

(b)

CF4

(c)

CH3Cl

The structure will be tetrahedral in shape.


The molecule is non-polar

The shape will be tetrahedral.


The molecule is polar.

(d)

CH3CH2OH
The shape is based on a tetrahedral arrangement around the
carbon atoms.
The molecule is polar.

(2 + 2 + 2 + 2 = 8 marks)

Question 7
(a)

Draw two possible structural formulas for compounds with the molecular formula C3H6Cl2.
There are four possible isomers:

(b)

1, 1 dichloropropane

1, 2 dichloropropane

2, 2 dichloropropane

1, 3 - dichloropropane

Give the systematic names for the following compounds.


(i)

Name: butane
(ii)

Name: methyl propan-2-ol


(c)

The boiling points for three hydrocarbon compounds are shown in the table below.

Compound
Methane

CH4

Octane

C8H18

Dodecane C12H26
(i)

Boiling
temperature
(oC)
- 162
126
216

What is the main type of bonding interaction between the molecules of each of
these three hydrocarbons?
Dispersion forces

(ii)

State the reason for the difference in the boiling points of these three hydrocarbons.
The strength of the dispersion forces increase with increasing molecular size,
hence more energy is needed to separate (boil) the larger molecules than the
smaller molecules.
(2 + 1 + 1 + 1 + 1 = 6 marks)

Question 8
The molecular formula C4H10O has several possible structural isomers.
(a)

Give a definition of the term isomers.


Structural isomers have the same molecular formula but different structural
formulas.

(b)

(i)

In the two boxes below, write the semi-structural formula for two straight chain
hydrocarbon compounds with the molecular formula C4H10O.

Name:
(ii)

Name:

Give a specific name for each of the molecules you have indicated in (i).
There are four isomers with this molecular formula. They are:

(c)

Butan-1-ol

Butan-2-ol

Methyl propan-1-ol

Methyl propan-2-ol

In which homologous series do the molecules referred to in (b) above, belong?


Alkanols (would accept alkanes)
(1 + 4 + 1 = 6 marks)

END OF EXAMINATION