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52544 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No.

178 / Friday, September 14, 2007 / Notices

A copy of the application and People’s Republic of China, 72 FR 9926 Metaphosphoric Acid; Sodium Salt;
accompanying exhibits will be available (March 6, 2007) (‘‘Initiation Notice’’); Sodium Acid Metaphosphate; Graham’s
for public inspection at the following see also Notice of Correction of Salt; Sodium Hex; Polyphosphoric Acid,
location: Initiation of Antidumping Duty Sodium Salt; Glass H; Hexaphos;
Office of the Executive Secretary, Investigation: Sodium Sodaphos; Vitrafos; and BAC–N-FOS.
Foreign–Trade Zones Board, U.S. Hexametaphosphate from the People’s SHMP is typically sold as a white
Department of Commerce, Room 2111, Republic of China, 72 FR 11325 (March powder or granule (crushed) and may
1401 Constitution Ave. NW., 13, 2007). Additionally, in the Initiation also be sold in the form of sheets (glass)
Washington, DC 20230. Notice, the Department notified parties or as a liquid solution. It is imported
For further information, contact of the application process by which under heading 2835.39.5000, HTSUS. It
Elizabeth Whiteman at exporters and producers may obtain may also be imported as a blend or
ElizabethlWhiteman@ita.doc.gov or separate–rate status in non–market mixture under heading 3823.90.3900,
(202) 482–0473. economy (‘‘NME’’) investigations. The HTSUS. The American Chemical
Dated: September 5, 2007. process requires exporters and Society, Chemical Abstract Service
Andrew McGilvray,
producers to submit a separate–rate (‘‘CAS’’) has assigned the name
status application. See Policy Bulletin ‘‘Polyphosphoric Acid, Sodium Salt’’ to
Executive Secretary.
05.1: Separate–Rates Practice and SHMP. The CAS registry number is
[FR Doc. E7–18160 Filed 9–13–07; 8:45 am] Application of Combination Rates in 68915–31–1. However, SHMP is
BILLING CODE 3510–DS–S Antidumping Investigations involving commonly identified by CAS No.
Non–Market Economy Countries, (April 10124–56–8 in the market. For purposes
5, 2005), (‘‘Policy Bulletin 05.1’’) of the investigation, the narrative
DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE available at http://ia.ita.doc.gov. description is dispositive, not the tariff
International Trade Administration However, the standard for eligibility for heading, CAS registry number or CAS
a separate rate (which is whether a firm name.
A–570–908 can demonstrate an absence of both de The product covered by this
jure and de facto governmental control investigation includes SHMP in all
Preliminary Determination of Sales at over its export activities) has not grades, whether food grade or technical
Less Than Fair Value: Sodium changed. grade. The product covered by this
Hexametaphosphate from the People’s On April 3, 2007, the United States investigation includes SHMP without
Republic of China International Trade Commission (‘‘ITC’’) regard to chain length i.e., whether
AGENCY: Import Administration, issued its affirmative preliminary regular or long chain. The product
International Trade Administration, determination that there is a reasonable covered by this investigation includes
Department of Commerce. indication that an industry in the SHMP without regard to physical form,
United States is materially injured or whether glass, sheet, crushed, granule,
EFFECTIVE DATE: September 14, 2007.
threatened with material injury by powder, fines, or other form.
SUMMARY: We preliminarily determine
reason of imports from the PRC of However, the product covered by this
that sodium hexametaphosphate investigation does not include SHMP
SHMP. The ITC’s determination was
(‘‘SHMP’’) from the People’s Republic of when imported in a blend with other
published in the Federal Register on
China (‘‘PRC’’) is being, or is likely to materials in which the SHMP accounts
April 9, 2007. See Investigation No.
be, sold in the United States at less than for less than 50 percent by volume of
731–TA–1110 (Preliminary), Sodium
fair value (‘‘LTFV’’), as provided in the finished product.
Hexametaphosphate (SHMP) From
section 733 of the Tariff Act of 1930, as
China, 72 FR 17581 (April 9, 2007). Quantity and Value
amended (‘‘the Act’’). The estimated
margins of sales at less than fair value Scope Comments On March 6, 2007, the Department
(‘‘LTFV’’) are shown in the ‘‘Preliminary The Department also set aside a 20– requested quantity and value (‘‘Q&V’’)
Determination’’ section of this notice. day period from the publication of the information from a total of 38
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Erin initiation for all interested parties to companies identified by Petitioners as
Begnal or Kristina Horgan, AD/CVD raise issues regarding product coverage. potential producers or exporters of
Operations, Office 9, Import The Department did not receive any SHMP from the PRC. Also, on March 6,
Administration, International Trade comments from interested parties 2007, the Department sent a letter
Administration, U.S. Department of regarding product coverage during the requesting Q&V information to the
Commerce, 14th Street and Constitution 20–day period and subsequently, did China Bureau of Fair Trade for Imports
Avenue, NW., Washington, DC, 20230; not change the scope in the Initiation & Exports (‘‘BOFT’’) of the Ministry of
telephone: (202) 482–1442 or (202) 482– Notice. Commerce (‘‘MOFCOM’’) requesting
8173, respectively. that BOFT transmit the letter to all
Scope of Investigation companies who manufacture and export
SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:
The merchandise subject to this subject merchandise to the United
Initiation investigation is sodium States, or produce the subject
On February 8, 2007, the Department hexametaphosphate (‘‘SHMP’’). SHMP merchandise for the companies who
of Commerce (‘‘Department’’) received a is a water–soluble polyphosphate glass were engaged in exporting the subject
petition on imports of SHMP from the that consists of a distribution of merchandise to the United States during
PRC filed in proper form by ICL polyphosphate chain lengths. It is a the POI. For a complete list of all parties
Performance Products, LP and collection of sodium polyphosphate from which the Department requested
Innophos, Inc. (‘‘Petitioners’’) on behalf polymers built on repeating NaPO3 Q&V information, see Memorandum to
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of the domestic industry producing units. SHMP has a P2O5 content from James C. Doyle, Director, Office 9, AD/
SHMP. This investigation was initiated 60 to 71 percent. Alternate names for CVD Operations, through Christopher D.
on February 28, 2007. See Initiation of SHMP include the following: Calgon; Riker, Program Manager, Office 9, AD/
Antidumping Duty Investigation: Calgon S; Glassy Sodium Phosphate; CVD Operations, from Erin Begnal,
Sodium Hexametaphosphate From the Sodium Polyphosphate, Glassy; Senior International Trade Analyst,

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Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 178 / Friday, September 14, 2007 / Notices 52545

Office 9, AD/CVD Operations, regarding Separate Rates Applications In addition, on July 23, 2007, the
‘‘Selection of Respondents for the Between April 3, 2007, and May 4, Department issued a supplemental
Antidumping Investigation of Sodium 2007, we received timely separate–rate questionnaire to separate rate
Hexametaphosphate from the People’s applications from three non–mandatory respondent, Tianyuan, which was
Republic of China’’ (April 17, 2007) respondent companies: Jiangyin submitted on August 6, 2007.
(‘‘Respondent Selection Chengxing International Trading Co., Surrogate Value Comments
Memorandum’’). The Department Ltd. (‘‘Chengxing’’), Yibin Tianyuan
received timely Q&V responses from On June 20, 2007, Petitioners and
Group Co., Ltd. (‘‘Tianyuan’’), and
five interested parties. The Department Hubei Xingfa submitted comments on
Sichuan Mianzhu Norwest Phosphate
did not receive any type of surrogate information with which to
Chemical Company Limited
communication from BOFT regarding its value the factors of production in this
(‘‘Norwest’’).
request for Q&V information. See id., at proceeding. On July 2, 2007, Petitioners
1. Questionnaires also filed rebuttal comments on
On April 17, 2007, the Department On March 30, 2007, the Department surrogate information with which to
selected Hubei Xingfa Chemicals Group requested comments from all interested value the factors of production in this
(‘‘Hubei Xingfa’’) and Mianyang Aostar parties on product characteristics to be proceeding. On August 14, 2007,
Phosphorous Chemical Industry Co., used in the designation of control Petitioners and Hubei Xingfa submitted
Ltd. (‘‘Mianyang Aostar’’) as mandatory numbers (‘‘CONNUMs’’) to be assigned additional comments on surrogate
respondents in this investigation. See to the subject merchandise. The information with which to value factors
id., at 3–4. Department received comments from of production.
Surrogate Country Petitioners and Hubei Xingfa. Postponement of Preliminary
On April 18, 2007, the Department Determination
On May 10, 2007, the Department
determined that India, Indonesia, Sri issued its sections A, C, D, and E,1
On June 25, 2007, Petitioners
Lanka, the Philippines, and Egypt are questionnaire to Hubei Xingfa and
requested that the Department postpone
countries comparable to the PRC in Mianyang Aostar, which included
the preliminary determination pursuant
terms of economic development. See product characteristics used in the
to section 733(c)(1)(B)(i) of the Act. We
Letter to All Interested Parties, from designation of CONNUMs and assigned
did so on July 2, 2007. See Notice of
Christopher D. Riker, Program Manager, to the merchandise under consideration.
On May 9, 2007, Hubei Xingfa Postponement of Preliminary
Office 9, AD/CVD Operations, regarding Determination of Antidumping Duty
‘‘Antidumping Duty Investigation of submitted its response to section A of
the Department’s questionnaire, and on Investigation: Sodium
Sodium Hexametaphosphate from the Hexametaphosphate from the People’s
People’s Republic of China (‘‘PRC’’),’’ June 1, 2007, Hubei Xingfa submitted its
response to sections C and D of the Republic of China, 72 FR 37728 (July 11,
dated May 10, 2007, attaching 2007).
Memorandum to Christopher D. Riker, Department’s questionnaire. On May 9,
Program Manager, Office 9, AD/CVD 2007, the Department placed on the Period of Investigation
Operations, from Ron Lorentzen, record a letter submitted by Mianyang The period of investigation (‘‘POI’’) is
Director, Office of Policy, regarding Aostar, indicating that it was July 1, 2006, through December 31,
‘‘Investigation of Sodium withdrawing from the investigation. See 2006. This period corresponds to the
Hexametaphosphate from the People’s Mianyang Aostar Withdrawal Memo.2 two most recent fiscal quarters prior to
Republic of China (PRC): Request for The Department issued supplemental the month of the filing of the petition
List of Surrogate Countries,’’ dated May questionnaires to Hubei Xingfa between (February 8, 2007). See 19 CFR
9, 2007. June and August 2007, and received 351.204(b)(1).
On May 10, 2007, the Department responses between June and August
requested comments on surrogate 2007. On June 12, and June 20, 2007, Non–Market-Economy Country
country selection from the interested Petitioners submitted comments on For purposes of initiation, Petitioners
parties in this investigation. Petitioners Hubei Xingfa’s questionnaires submitted LTFV analyses for the PRC as
submitted surrogate country comments responses. a non–market economy. See Initiation
on June 4, 2007. Hubei Xingfa submitted On July 20, 2007, the Department Notice, 72 FR at 9927. The Department
surrogate country comments on June 4, issued a supplemental questionnaire to considers the PRC to be a NME country.
2007. Petitioners submitted rebuttal separate rate respondent, Chengxing, In accordance with section 771(18)(C)(i)
surrogate country comments on June 14, which was submitted on July 30, 2007. of the Act, any determination that a
2007. No other interested parties foreign country is an NME country shall
1 Section A of the questionnaire requests general
commented on the selection of a remain in effect until revoked by the
information concerning a company’s corporate
surrogate country. For a detailed structure and business practices, the merchandise administering authority. See Tapered
discussion of the selection of the under investigation that it sells, and the manner in Roller Bearings and Parts Thereof,
surrogate country, see ‘‘Surrogate which it sells that merchandise in all of its markets. Finished and Unfinished, (‘‘TRBs’’)
Country’’ section below, and the Section C requests a complete listing of U.S. sales. From the People’s Republic of China:
Section D requests information on factors of
Memorandum to the File, through James production, and Section E requests information on Preliminary Results 2001–2002
C. Doyle, Director, Office 9, AD/CVD further manufacturing. Administrative Review and Partial
Operations, from Scot T. Fullerton, 2 On May 3, 2007, Mianyang Aostar submitted an Rescission of Review, 68 FR 7500
Program Manager, Office 9, AD/CVD improperly filed letter to the Department indicating (February 14, 2003), unchanged in Final
it was withdrawing from the investigation. See
Operations, regarding ‘‘Antidumping Memorandum to the File, from Erin Begnal, Senior
Results of 2001–2002 Administrative
Duty Investigation of Sodium Review: TRBs from the People’s
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International Trade Analyst, Office 9, AD/CVD


Hexametaphophate from the People’s Operations, regarding ‘‘Antidumping Duty Republic of China, 68 FR 70488
Republic of China: Selection of a Investigation of Sodium Hexametaphosphate (December 18, 2003). No party has
(‘‘SHMP’’) from the People’s Republic of China:
Surrogate Country,’’ dated September 6, Withdrawal of Mianyang Aostar Phosphorous
challenged the designation of the PRC as
2007 (‘‘Surrogate Country Chemical Industry Co., Ltd.’’ (May 9, 2007) an NME country in this investigation.
Memorandum’’). (‘‘Mianyang Aostar Withdrawal Memo’’). Therefore, we have treated the PRC as

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52546 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 178 / Friday, September 14, 2007 / Notices

an NME country for purposes of this presented in Hubei Xingfa’s rather, on controls over the investment,
preliminary determination. questionnaire responses, we pricing, and output decision–making
preliminarily find that Hubei Xingfa and process at the individual firm level. See
Surrogate Country
Baokang Chuyuan should be collapsed Certain Cut–to-Length Carbon Steel
When the Department is investigating for the purposes of this investigation. Plate from Ukraine: Final Determination
imports from an NME, section 773(c)(1) This finding is based on the of Sales at Less than Fair Value, 62 FR
of the Act directs it to base normal determination that Hubei Xingfa and 61754, 61758 (November 19, 1997), and
value, in most circumstances, on the Baokang Chuyuan are affiliated, that Tapered Roller Bearings and Parts
NME producer’s factors of production Hubei Xingfa and Baokang Chuyuan are Thereof, Finished and Unfinished, from
valued in a surrogate market–economy both producers of identical products the People’s Republic of China: Final
country or countries considered to be and no retooling would be necessary in Results of Antidumping Duty
appropriate by the Department. In order to restructure manufacturing Administrative Review, 62 FR 61276,
accordance with section 773(c)(4) of the priorities, and there is significant 61279 (November 17, 1997).
Act, in valuing the factors of potential for manipulation of price or To establish whether a firm is
production, the Department shall production between the parties. See 19 sufficiently independent from
utilize, to the extent possible, the prices C.F.R. Sec. 351.401(f)(1) and (2). For government control of its export
or costs of factors of production in one further discussion, see Memorandum to activities to be entitled to a separate
or more market–economy countries that James C. Doyle, Director, AD/CVD rate, the Department analyzes each
are at a level of economic development Operations, Office 9, through Scot T. entity exporting the subject
comparable to that of the NME country Fullerton, Program Manager, AD/CVD merchandise under a test arising from
and are significant producers of Operations, Office 9, from Erin C. the Notice of Final Determination of
comparable merchandise. The sources Begnal, Senior International Trade Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Sparklers
of the surrogate values we have used in Analyst, AD/CVD Operations, Office 9, from the People’s Republic of China, 56
this investigation are discussed under regarding ‘‘Antidumping Duty FR 20588.
the normal value section below. Investigation of Sodium (May 6, 1991) (‘‘Sparklers’’), as further
As detailed in the Surrogate Country Hexametaphosphate from the People’s developed in Notice of Final
Memorandum, the Department has Republic of China: Affiliation and Determination of Sales at Less Than
preliminarily selected India as the Collapsing of Hubei Xingfa Chemicals Fair Value: Silicon Carbide from the
surrogate country on the basis that: (1) Group, Ltd.’’ dated September 6, 2007. People’s Republic of China, 59 FR 22585
It is a significant producer of (May 2, 1994) (‘‘Silicon Carbide’’). In
comparable merchandise; (2) it is at a Separate Rates accordance with the separate–rates
similar level of economic development In proceedings involving NME criteria, the Department assigns separate
pursuant to 773(c)(4) of the Act; and (3) countries, the Department has a rates in NME cases only if respondents
we have reliable data from India that we rebuttable presumption that all can demonstrate the absence of both de
can use to value the factors of companies within the country are jure and de facto governmental control
production. Thus, we have calculated subject to government control and thus over export activities.
normal value using Indian prices when should be assessed a single antidumping
1. Absence of De Jure Control
available and appropriate to value duty rate. It is the Department’s policy
Hubei Xingfa’s factors of production. to assign all exporters of merchandise The Department considers the
See Memorandum to the File, through subject to investigation in an NME following de jure criteria in determining
Scot T. Fullerton, Program Manager, country this single rate unless an whether an individual company may be
Office 9, AD/CVD Operations, from Erin exporter can demonstrate that it is granted a separate rate: (1) an absence of
Begnal, Senior International Trade sufficiently independent so as to be restrictive stipulations associated with
Analyst, Office 9, AD/CVD Operations, entitled to a separate rate. Companies an individual exporter’s business and
regarding ‘‘Sodium Hexametaphophate Hubei Xingfa and the separate rate export licenses; (2) any legislative
from the People’s Republic of China: applicants, Chengxing and Norwest, enactments decentralizing control of
Surrogate Values for the Preliminary (hereinafter referred to as the Separate companies; and (3) other formal
Determination’’ (September 6, 2007) Rate Companies) have provided measures by the government
(‘‘Factor Value Memorandum’’). company–specific information to decentralizing control of companies. See
In accordance with 19 CFR demonstrate that they operate Sparklers, 56 FR at 20589.
351.301(c)(3)(i), for the final independently of de jure and de facto The evidence provided by Hubei
determination in an antidumping government control, and therefore Xingfa and the Separate Rate Companies
investigation, interested parties may satisfy the standards for the assignment supports a preliminary finding of de
submit publicly available information to of a separate rate. jure absence of governmental control
value the factors of production within We have considered whether each based on the following: 1) An absence
40 days after the date of publication of PRC company that submitted a complete of restrictive stipulations associated
the preliminary determination. application is eligible for a separate rate. with the individual exporter’s business
The Department’s separate–rate test is and export licenses; 2) the applicable
Affiliation not concerned, in general, with legislative enactments decentralizing
Based on the evidence presented in macroeconomic/border–type controls, control of the companies; and 3) any
Hubei Xingfa’s questionnaire responses, e.g., export licenses, quotas, and other formal measures by the
we preliminarily find that Hubei Xingfa minimum export prices, particularly if government decentralizing control of
is affiliated with Baokang Chuyuan these controls are imposed to prevent companies. See Memorandum to James
Chemical Industry Co., Ltd. (‘‘Baokang dumping. See Notice of Final C. Doyle, Director, AD/CVD Operations,
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Chuyuan’’), which also produces subject Determination of Sales at Less Than Office 9, through Scot T. Fullerton,
merchandise, and certain suppliers of Fair Value: Certain Preserved Program Manager, AD/CVD Operations,
its material inputs, pursuant to sections Mushrooms from the People’s Republic Office 9, from Erin Begnal, Senior
771(33)(E) and (G) of the Act. In of China, 63 FR 72255, 72256 International Trade Analyst, AD/CVD
addition, based on the evidence (December 31, 1998). The test focuses, Operations, Office 9, regarding

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Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 178 / Friday, September 14, 2007 / Notices 52547

‘‘Antidumping Duty Investigation of application nor in its supplemental because they did not qualify for a
Sodium Hexametaphosphate from the response in regard to a specific question separate rate.
People’s Republic of China: Separate from the Department asking for this Section 776(a)(2) of the Act provides
Rates Memorandum’’ (September 6, information. See Separate Rates Memo. that, if an interested party (A)
2007) (‘‘Separate Rates Memorandum’’). Therefore, we determine that Tingyuan Withholds information that has been
has failed to establish its eligibility for requested by the Department, (B) fails to
2. Absence of De Facto Control provide such information in a timely
a separate rate and it is deemed to be
Typically the Department considers part of the PRC–wide Entity. manner or in the form or manner
four factors in evaluating whether each The evidence placed on the record of requested, subject to subsections
respondent is subject to de facto this investigation by Hubei Xingfa, 782(c)(1) and (e) of the Act, (C)
governmental control of its export Chengxing, and Norwest demonstrates significantly impedes a proceeding
functions: (1) Whether the export prices an absence of de jure and de facto under the antidumping statute, or (D)
are set by or are subject to the approval government control with respect to each provides such information but the
of a governmental agency; (2) whether of the exporter’s exports of the information cannot be verified, the
the respondent has authority to merchandise under investigation, in Department shall, subject to subsection
negotiate and sign contracts and other accordance with the criteria identified 782(d) of the Act, use facts otherwise
agreements; (3) whether the respondent in Sparklers and Silicon Carbide. As a available in reaching the applicable
has autonomy from the government in result, for the purposes of this determination.
making decisions regarding the preliminary determination, we have Information on the record of this
selection of management; and (4) granted a separate company–specific investigation indicates that the PRC–
whether the respondent retains the rate to Hubei Xingfa. Additionally, we wide entity was non–responsive.
proceeds of its export sales and makes have granted the Separate Rate Certain companies did not respond to
independent decisions regarding Companies a weighted–average margin our request for Q&V information and
disposition of profits or financing of for the purposes of this preliminary did not respond to the Department’s
losses. See Silicon Carbide, 59 FR at determination. See Separate Rates questionnaire (including the mandatory
22586–87; see also Notice of Final Memorandum. respondent, Mianyang Aostar). As a
Determination of Sales at Less Than result, pursuant to section 776(a)(2)(A)
Fair Value: Furfuryl Alcohol From the The PRC–Wide Entity of the Act, we find that the use of facts
People’s Republic of China, 60 FR The Department has data that available is appropriate to determine the
22544, 22545 (May 8, 1995). The indicates there were more exporters of PRC–wide rate. See Preliminary
Department has determined that an SHMP from the PRC than those Determination of Sales at Less Than
analysis of de facto control is critical in indicated in the response to our request Fair Value, Affirmative Preliminary
determining whether respondents are, for Q&V information during the POI. See Determination of Critical Circumstances
in fact, subject to a degree of Respondent Selection Memorandum. and Postponement of Final
governmental control which would We issued our request for Q&V Determination: Certain Frozen Fish
preclude the Department from assigning information to 38 potential Chinese Fillets from the Socialist Republic of
separate rates. exporters of the subject merchandise, in Vietnam, 68 FR 4986 (January 31, 2003),
We determine that, for Hubei Xingfa addition to the Bureau of Foreign Trade/ unchanged in Final Determination of
and the Separate Rate Companies, the Ministry of Commerce of the PRC Sales at Less Than Fair Value and
evidence on the record supports a (‘‘BOFT/MOFCOM’’).3 See id.,at 1–2. Affirmative Critical Circumstances:
preliminary finding of de facto absence While information on the record of this Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the
of governmental control based on record investigation indicates that there are Socialist Republic of Vietnam, 68 FR
statements and supporting numerous producers/exporters of SHMP 37116 (June 23, 2003).
documentation showing the following: in the PRC, we received only five Section 776(b) of the Act provides
1) Each exporter sets its own export timely–filed Q&V responses. Further, that, in selecting from among the facts
prices independent of the government based on our knowledge of the volume otherwise available, the Department
and without the approval of a of imports of subject merchandise from may employ an adverse inference if an
government authority; 2) each exporter the PRC, the companies which interested party fails to cooperate by not
retains the proceeds from its sales and responded to the Q&V questionnaire do acting to the best of its ability to comply
makes independent decisions regarding not account for all imports into the with requests for information. See
disposition of profits or financing of United States. Although all exporters Statement of Administrative Action,
losses; 3) each exporter has the were given an opportunity to provide accompanying the Uruguay Round
authority to negotiate and sign contracts Q&V information, not all exporters Agreements Act (‘‘URAA’’), H.R. Rep.
and other agreements; and 4) each provided a response to the Department’s No. 103–316, 870 (1994) (‘‘SAA’’); see
exporter has autonomy from the Q&V letter. Further, the Government of also Final Determination of Sales at
government regarding the selection of the PRC did not respond to the Less Than Fair Value: Certain Cold–
management. Department’s questionnaire. Therefore, Rolled Flat–Rolled Carbon–Quality Steel
With respect to Tianyuan, we the Department determines Products from the Russian Federation,
determine that it failed to provide preliminarily that there were PRC 65 FR 5510, 5518 (February 4, 2000). We
evidence regarding its corporate exporters of the subject merchandise find that, because the PRC–wide entity
structure, specifically the nature of its during the POI from PRC producers/ did not respond to our request for
parent company and whether or not its exporters that did not respond to the information, it has failed to cooperate to
parent company was subject to control Department’s request for information. the best of its ability. Therefore, the
by the government. The separate rate Department preliminarily finds that, in
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We have treated these PRC producers/


application requires that the applicant exporters as part of the PRC–wide entity selecting from among the facts available,
provide specific documentation an adverse inference is appropriate.
regarding its corporate history and 3 For a list of companies to which the Department When employing an adverse
corporate structure. Tianyuan did not sent its request for Q&V information, see inference, the statute indicates that the
provide complete information in its Respondent Selection Memorandum at 1-2. Department may rely upon information

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52548 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 178 / Friday, September 14, 2007 / Notices

derived from the petition, the final name in the ‘‘Suspension of of the Act, because the first sale to an
determination from the LTFV Liquidation’’ section of this notice. unaffiliated purchaser was made prior
investigation, a previous administrative to importation, and CEP was not
Date of Sale
review, or any other information placed otherwise warranted by the facts on the
on the record. In selecting a rate for Section 351.401(i) of the Department’s record. We calculated EP based on the
adverse facts available (‘‘AFA’’), the regulations states that, ‘‘in identifying packed price from the exporter to the
Department selects a rate that is the date of sale of the subject first unaffiliated customer in the United
sufficiently adverse to ensure that the merchandise or foreign like product, the States. Where applicable, we deducted
uncooperative party does not obtain a Secretary normally will use the date of foreign movement expenses, foreign
more favorable result by failing to invoice, as recorded in the exporter or brokerage and handling expenses, and
cooperate than if it had fully producer’s records kept in the normal international freight expenses from the
cooperated. See SAA at 870. It is the course of business.’’ However, the starting price (gross unit price), in
Department’s practice to select, as AFA, Secretary may use a date other than the accordance with section 772(c) of the
the higher of the (a) Highest margin date of invoice if the Secretary is Act.
alleged in the petition, or (b) the highest satisfied that a different date better Where foreign movement or
calculated rate of any respondent in the reflects the date on which the exporter international ocean freight was provided
investigation. See Final Determination or producer establishes the material by PRC service providers or paid for in
of Sales at Less Than Fair Value: terms of sale. See 19 CFR 351.401(i); see Renminbi (‘‘RMB’’), we valued these
Certain Cold–Rolled Carbon Quality also Allied Tube and Conduit Corp. v. services using surrogate values (see
Steel Products from the People’s United States, 132 F. Supp. 2d 1087, ‘‘Factors of Production’’ section below
Republic of China, 65 FR 34660 (May 1090–1093 (CIT 2001) (‘‘Allied Tube’’). for further discussion).
21, 2000) and accompanying Issues and The date of sale is generally the date on For a complete discussion of the
Decision Memorandum, at ‘‘Facts which the parties agree upon all calculations of the U.S. price for Hubei
Available.’’ In the instant investigation, substantive terms of the sale. This Xingfa, see Memorandum to the File,
as AFA, we have assigned to the PRC– normally includes the price, quantity, through Scot T. Fullerton, Program
wide entity the calculated margin for delivery terms and payment terms. In Manager, AD/CVD Operations, Office 9,
Hubei Xingfa, the highest rate calculated order to simplify the determination of from Erin Begnal, Senior International
of any respondent in the investigation. date of sale for both the respondent and Trade Analyst, AD/CVD Operations,
Section 776(c) of the Act requires that, the Department, in accordance with 19 Office 9, regarding ‘‘Program Analysis
when the Department relies on CFR 351.401(i), the date of sale will for the Preliminary Determination of
secondary information rather than on normally be the date of the invoice, as Antidumping Duty Investigation of
recorded in the exporter’s or producer’s Sodium Hexametaphosphate from the
information obtained in the course of an
records kept in the ordinary course of People’s Republic of China: Hubei
investigation as facts available, it must,
business, unless satisfactory evidence is Xingfa,’’ dated September 6, 2007
to the extent practicable, corroborate
presented that the exporter or producer (‘‘Hubei Xingfa Analysis
that information from independent
establishes the material terms of sale on Memorandum’’).
sources reasonably at its disposal.4 As
we did not rely upon secondary some other date. In other words, the Normal Value
information, no corroboration was date of the invoice is the presumptive
date of sale, although this presumption Section 773(c)(1) of the Act provides
required under section 776(c) of the Act. that the Department shall determine the
may be overcome. For instance, in Final
Margin for the Separate Rate Determination of Sales at Less Than NV using a factors–of-production
Companies Fair Value: Polyvinyl Alcohol from (‘‘FOP’’) methodology if the
Taiwan, 61 FR 14067 (March 29, 1996), merchandise is exported from an NME
The Department received timely and and the information does not permit the
complete separate rates applications the Department used the date of the
purchase order as the date of sale calculation of NV using home–market
from the Separate Rates Companies, prices, third–country prices, or
who are all exporters of SHMP from the because the terms of sale were
established at that point. constructed value under section 773(a)
PRC, which were not selected as of the Act. The Department bases NV on
After examining the questionnaire
mandatory respondents in this the FOP because the presence of
responses and the sales documentation
investigation. Through the evidence in government controls on various aspects
that Hubei Xingfa placed on the record,
their applications, these companies of non–market economies renders price
we preliminarily determine that invoice
have demonstrated their eligibility for a comparisons and the calculation of
date is the most appropriate date of sale
separate rate, as discussed above in the production costs invalid under the
for Hubei Xingfa because the terms of
‘‘Separate Rates’’ section and in the Department’s normal methodologies.
sales are set at the invoice date.
Separate Rates Memorandum.
Consistent with the Department’s Fair Value Comparisons Factor Valuation Methodology
practice, as the separate rate, we have To determine whether sales of SHMP In accordance with section 773(c) of
established a weighted–average margin to the United States by Hubei Xingfa the Act, we calculated NV based on FOP
for the Separate Rates Companies based were made at less than fair value, we data reported by Hubei Xingfa for the
on the rate we calculated for Hubei compared the export price (‘‘EP’’) to POI.5 To calculate NV, we multiplied
Xingfa, which was not zero, de minimis, normal value (‘‘NV’’), as described in
or based entirely on AFA. Companies the ‘‘U.S. Price,’’ and ‘‘Normal Value’’
1 The Department did not value the factors of

receiving this rate are identified by production for the production of phosphate rock,
sections of this notice. We compared NV silica quartzite, or crude coal, consistent with the
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to weighted–average EPs in accordance Department’s practice in Notice of Final


4 Secondary information is described in the SAA Antidumping Duty Determination of Sales at Less
with section 777A(d)(1) of the Act.
as ‘‘information derived from the petition that gave Than Fair Value and Affirmative Critical
rise to the investigation or review, the final U.S. Price–Export Price Circumstances: Certain Frozen Fish Fillets from the
determination concerning subject merchandise, or Socialist Republic of Vietnam, 68 FR 37116 (June
any previous review under section 751 concerning For Hubei Xingfa, we based U.S. price 23, 2003) and accompanying Issues and Decision
the subject merchandise.’’ See SAA at 870. on EP in accordance with section 772(a) Memorandum at Comment 3.

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the reported per–unit factor– and Canned Warmwater Shrimp From Fair Value: Certain Automotive
consumption rates by publicly available the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, 69 FR Replacement Glass Windshields From
surrogate values (except as discussed 42672, 42682 (July 16, 2004), results The People’s Republic of China, 67 FR
below). unchanged in Final Determination of 6482 (February 12, 2002), and
In selecting the surrogate values, we Sales at Less Than Fair Value: Certain accompanying Issues and Decision
considered the quality, specificity, and Frozen and Canned Warmwater Shrimp Memorandum at Comment 1.
contemporaneity of the data. As from the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, For Hubei Xingfa, certain inputs into
appropriate, we adjusted input prices by 69 FR 71005 (December 8, 2004). The the production of the merchandise
including freight costs to make them record shows that the Indian import under investigation were purchased
delivered prices. Specifically, we added statistics represent import data that is from market economy suppliers and
to Indian import surrogate values a contemporaneous with the POI, paid for in market economy currencies.
surrogate freight cost using the shorter product–specific, and tax–exclusive. We valued Hubei Xingfa’s inputs using
of the reported distance from the Where we could not obtain publicly the market economy prices paid for the
domestic supplier to the factory or the available information contemporaneous inputs where the total volume of the
distance from the nearest seaport to the to the POI with which to value factors, input purchased from all market
factory, where appropriate. This we adjusted the surrogate values, where economy sources during the POI
adjustment is in accordance with the appropriate, using the Indian Wholesale exceeded 33 percent of the total volume
Court of Appeals for the Federal Price Index (‘‘WPI’’) as published in the of the input purchased from all sources
Circuit’s decision in Sigma Corp. v. International Financial Statistics of the during that period. Alternatively, when
United States, 117 F. 3d 1401, 1407– International Monetary Fund. the volume of Hubei Xingfa’s purchases
1408 (Fed. Cir. 1997). A detailed of an input from market economy
Furthermore, with regard to the
description of all surrogate values used suppliers during the POI was below 33
Indian import–based surrogate values,
for respondents can be found in the percent of the company’s total volume
we have disregarded import prices that
Memorandum to the File, Through Scot of purchases of the input during the
we have reason to believe or suspect
T. Fullerton, Program Manager, AD/CVD POI, we weight–averaged the weighted–
may be subsidized. We have reason to
Operations, Office 9, From Erin Begnal, average market economy purchase price
believe or suspect that prices of inputs
Senior International Trade Analyst, AD/ with an appropriate surrogate value
from Indonesia, South Korea, and
CVD Operations, Office 9, regarding, according to their respective shares of
Thailand may have been subsidized. We
‘‘Antidumping Duty Investigation of the total volume of purchases, as
Sodium Hexametaphosphate from the have found in other proceedings that appropriate.
People’s Republic of China: Selection of these countries maintain broadly The Department used the Indian
Factor Values,’’ dated September 6, available, non–industry-specific export Import Statistics to value the raw
2007 (‘‘Factor Value Memorandum’’) subsidies and, therefore, it is reasonable material and packing material inputs
and Memorandum to the File, Through to infer that all exports to all markets that Hubei Xingfa used to produce the
Scot T. Fullerton, Program Manager, from these countries may be subsidized. subject merchandise during the POI,
AD/CVD Operations, Office 9, From See, e.g., Amended Final Determination except where listed below. To value
Erin Begnal, Senior International Trade of Sales at Less than Fair Value: electricity the Department used rates
Analyst, AD/CVD Operations, Office 9, Automotive Replacement Glass from Key World Energy Statistics 2003,
regarding, ‘‘Antidumping Duty Windshields from the People’s Republic published by the International Energy
Investigation of Sodium of China, 67 FR 11670 (March 15, 2002) Agency. Because these data were not
Hexametaphosphate from the People’s and accompanying Issues and Decision contemporaneous to the POI, we
Republic of China: Analysis Memorandum at Comment 4; see also adjusted for inflation using WPI. See
Memorandum for Hubei Xingfa Notice of Final Determination of Sales Factor Value Memorandum.
Chemicals Group Co., Ltd.,’’ dated at Less Than Fair Value and Negative Consistent with 19 CFR 351.408(c)(3),
September 6, 2007 (‘‘Hubei Xingfa Final Determination of Critical we valued direct, indirect, and packing
Analysis Memorandum’’). Additionally, Circumstances: Certain Color Television labor, using the most recently calculated
for detailed descriptions of all actual Receivers From the People’s Republic of regression–based wage rate, which relies
values used for market–economy inputs, China, 69 FR 20594 (April 16, 2004) and on 2004 data. This wage rate can
where applicable, see Hubei Xingfa accompanying Issues and Decision currently be found on the Departmen’s
Analysis Memorandum. Memorandum at Comment 7 (‘‘CTVs website on Import Administration’s
For this preliminary determination, in from the PRC’’). We are also directed by home page, Import Library, Expected
accordance with the Department’s the legislative history not to conduct a Wages of Selected NME Countries,
practice, we used data from the Indian formal investigation to ensure that such revised in January 2007, http://
Import Statistics in order to calculate prices are not subsidized. See H.R. Rep. ia.ita.doc.gov/wages/index.html. The
surrogate values for Hubei Xingfa’s 100–576 at 590 (1988). Rather, Congress source of these wage–rate data on the
material inputs. In selecting the best directed the Department to base its Import Administration’s web site is the
available information for valuing FOP in decision on information that is available Yearbook of Labour Statistics 2002, ILO
accordance with section 773(c)(1) of the to it at the time it makes its (Geneva: 2002), Chapter 5B: Wages in
Act, the Department’s practice is to determination. Therefore, we have not Manufacturing. Because this regression–
select, to the extent practicable, used prices from these countries either based wage rate does not separate the
surrogate values which are non–export in calculating the Indian import–based labor rates into different skill levels or
average values, most contemporaneous surrogate values or in calculating types of labor, we have applied the same
with the POI, product–specific, and tax– market–economy input values. In wage rate to all skill levels and types of
exclusive. See, e.g., Notice of instances where a market–economy labor reported by GE and Chenming. See
rmajette on PROD1PC64 with NOTICES

Preliminary Determination of Sales at input was obtained solely from Factor Value Memorandum.
Less Than Fair Value, Negative suppliers located in these countries, we Because water is essential to the
Preliminary Determination of Critical used Indian import–based surrogate production process of the subject
Circumstances and Postponement of values to value the input. See Final merchandise, the Department considers
Final Determination: Certain Frozen Determination of Sales at Less Than water to be a direct material input, and

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52550 Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 178 / Friday, September 14, 2007 / Notices

not overhead. Hubei Xingfa stated in its Factor Value Memorandum. Consistent provider at http://
questionnaire responses that it used with the calculation of inland truck www.rjgconsultants.com/
water in the production of SHMP, but freight, the Department used the same insurance.html, as used in the 2004–
since it took the water from the river freight distances used in the calculation 2005 administrative review of brake
free of charge, it did not record its of inland truck freight, as reported by rotors from the PRC. See Brake Rotors
consumption of water. Therefore, we are www.infreight.com to derive a value in From the People’s Republic of China:
using the water consumption rate from Rupees per kilogram per kilometer. To Final Results and Partial Rescission of
the petition for the production of SHMP value PRC inland freight by barge we the 2004/2005 Administrative Review
only, and valued water with a surrogate used Indian Inland Waterways rates and Notice of Rescission of 2004/2005
value according to our practice. See from July, 1997, as used in the 2000– New Shipper Review, 71 FR66304
Final Determination of Sales at Less 2001 antidumping duty administrative (November 14, 2006). The rates quoted
Than Fair Value and Critical review of helical spring lock washers are based on 110% of US $100.00 value
Circumstances: Certain Malleable Iron from the PRC. See Certain Helical on all destinations from China. After
Pipe Fittings From the People’s Republic Spring Lock Washers From the People’s inflating the value, the rate we derived
of China, 68 FR 61395 (October 28, Republic of China; Final Results of is in rupees per kilogram.
2003) and, accompanying Issue and Antidumping Duty Administrative
Currency Conversion
Decision Memorandum at Comment 11. Review, 67 FR 8520 (February 25, 2002)
Although Hubei Xingfa has reported and accompanying Issues and Decision We made currency conversions into
that it obtains water free of charge from memorandum at Comment 5. After U.S. dollars, in accordance with section
the river, we find that whether the inflating the value, the rate we derived 773A(a) of the Act, based on the
producer pays for water is irrelevant in from this source is in rupees per exchange rates in effect on the dates of
determining whether it should be kilogram. See Factor Value the U.S. sales as certified by the Federal
considered a direct material input. See, Memorandum. Reserve Bank.
e.g., Fresh Garlic From the People’s To value brokerage and handling Verification
Republic of China: Final Results of (‘‘B&H’’), the Department used a simple
Antidumping Duty New Shipper Review, average of the publicly summarized As provided in section 782(i)(1) of the
69 FR58392 (September 30, 2004) and version of the average value for B&H Act, we intend to verify all information
accompanying Issues and Decision expenses reported in the U.S. sales relied upon in making our final
memorandum at Comment 1. listings in: (1) Essar Steel Ltd.’s determination.
Further, there is no evidence on the February 28, 2005, submission in the Combination Rates
record that the Indian producer of antidumping duty review of Certain
comparable merchandise from which Hot–Rolled Carbon Steel Flat Products In the Initiation Notice, the
we are obtaining an overhead financial from India (See Certain Hot–Rolled Department stated that it would
ratio accounts for water as an overhead Carbon Steel Flat Products From India: calculate combination rates for certain
expense. The Department valued water Preliminary Results of Antidumping respondents that are eligible for a
using data from the Maharashtra Duty Administrative Review 71 FR 2018, separate rate in this investigation. See
Industrial Development Corporation 2022 (January 12, 2006)); (2) Agro Dutch Initiation Notice 72 FR 9926 at 9929.
(www.midcindia.org) since it includes a Industries Ltd.’s March 2, 2006, This practice is described in Policy
wide range of industrial water tariffs. submission in the antidumping duty Bulletin 05.1, available at http://
This source provides 386 industrial review of Certain Preserved Mushrooms ia.ita.doc.gov/.
water rates within the Maharashtra From India (See Certain Preserved Preliminary Determination
province from June 2003: 193 of the Mushrooms From India: Final Results of The weighted–average dumping
water rates were for the ‘‘inside Antidumping Duty Administrative margins are as follows:
industrial areas’’ usage category and 193 Review, 72 FR 5268 (February 5, 2007));
of the water rates were for the ‘‘outside and, (3) Kejirwal Paper Ltd.’s January 9, SODIUM HEXAMETAPHOSPHATE FROM
industrial areas’’ usage category. 2006, submission in the antidumping
THE PRC
Because the value was not duty investigation of Lined Paper from
contemporaneous with the POI, we India (See Notice of Final Determination Weighted–Average
adjusted the rate for inflation. See of Sales at Less Than Fair Value, and Manufacturer/Exporter Margin (Percent)
Factor Value Memorandum. After the Negative Determination of Critical
preliminary determination, we will Circumstances: Certain Lined Paper Hubei Xingfa Chemicals
allow Hubei Xingfa an opportunity to Products from India, 71 FR 45012 Group Co., Ltd. ......... 183.15
report water consumption, but may have (August 8, 2006)). The Department first Jiangyin Chengxing
to resort to using an inference that is derived an average per–unit amount International Trading
Co., Ltd. .................... 183.15
adverse to Hubei Xingfa if we are unable from each source, and then adjusted Sichuan Mianzhu
to obtain the information. each average rate for inflation. Finally, Norwest Phosphate
We used Indian transport information the Department averaged the three per– Chemical Company
to value the freight–in cost of the raw unit amounts to derive an overall Limited ....................... 183.15
materials. The Department determined average rate for the POI. See Factor PRC–Wide Rate (in-
the best available information for Value Memorandum. cluding Yibin
valuing truck freight to be from Hubei Xingfa reported that it sourced Tianyuan Group Co.,
www.infreight.com. This source ocean freight from market–economy Ltd. and Mianyang
provides daily rates from six major countries and paid for it in U.S. dollars. Aostar Phosphorous
points of origin to five destinations in For ocean freight, we are using Hubei Chemical Industry
rmajette on PROD1PC64 with NOTICES

Co., Ltd. ) .................. 183.15


India during the POI. The Department Xingfa’s reported market–economy
obtained a price quote on the first day ocean freight expenses. The Department
of each month of the POI from each valued marine insurance, where Disclosure
point of origin to each destination and necessary, based on a publicly available We will disclose the calculations
averaged the data accordingly. See price quote from a marine insurance performed within five days of the date

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Federal Register / Vol. 72, No. 178 / Friday, September 14, 2007 / Notices 52551

of publication of this notice to parties in deadline of submission of rebuttal briefs Street and Constitution Ave., NW.,
this proceeding in accordance with 19 at the U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, DC 20230, telephone: (202)
CFR 351.224(b). 14th Street and Constitution Ave, NW, 482–3146.
Washington, DC 20230, at a time and SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Section
Suspension of Liquidation
location to be determined. Parties 702 of the Trade Agreements Act of
In accordance with section 733(d) of should confirm by telephone the date, 1979 (as amended) (‘‘the Act’’) requires
the Act, we will instruct U.S. Customs time, and location of the hearing two the Department of Commerce (‘‘the
and Border Protection (‘‘CBP’’) to days before the scheduled date. Department’’) to determine, in
suspend liquidation of all entries of Interested parties who wish to request consultation with the Secretary of
SHMP from the PRC as described in the a hearing, or to participate if one is Agriculture, whether any foreign
‘‘Scope of Investigation’’ section, requested, must submit a written government is providing a subsidy with
entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, request to the Assistant Secretary for respect to any article of cheese subject
for consumption from Hubei Xingfa, the Import Administration, U.S. Department to an in–quota rate of duty, as defined
Separate Rate Companies and the PRC– of Commerce, Room 1870, within 30 in section 702(h) of the Act, and to
wide entity on or after the date of days after the date of publication of this publish an annual list and quarterly
publication of this notice in the Federal notice. See 19 CFR 351.310(c). Requests updates of the type and amount of those
Register. We will instruct CBP to should contain the party’s name, subsidies. We hereby provide the
require a cash deposit or the posting of address, and telephone number, the Department’s quarterly update of
a bond equal to the weighted–average number of participants, and a list of the subsidies on articles of cheese that were
amount by which the normal value issues to be discussed. At the hearing, imported during the period April 1,
exceeds U.S. price, as indicated above. each party may make an affirmative 2007 through June 30, 2007.
presentation only on issues raised in The Department has developed, in
International Trade Commission
that party’s case brief and may make consultation with the Secretary of
Notification
rebuttal presentations only on Agriculture, information on subsidies
In accordance with section 733(f) of arguments included in that party’s (as defined in section 702(h) of the Act)
the Act, we have notified the ITC of our rebuttal brief. being provided either directly or
preliminary affirmative determination of We will make our final determination indirectly by foreign governments on
sales at less than fair value. Section no later than 75 days after the date of articles of cheese subject to an in–quota
735(b)(2) of the Act requires the ITC to publication of this preliminary rate of duty. The appendix to this notice
make its final determination as to determination, pursuant to section lists the country, the subsidy program or
whether the domestic industry in the 735(a) of the Act. This determination is programs, and the gross and net
United States is materially injured, or issued and published in accordance amounts of each subsidy for which
threatened with material injury, by with sections 733(f) and 777(i)(1) of the information is currently available. The
reason of imports of SHMP, or sales (or Act. Department will incorporate additional
the likelihood of sales) for importation, Dated: September 6, 2007. programs which are found to constitute
of the subject merchandise within 45
David M. Spooner, subsidies, and additional information
days of our final determination.
Assistant Secretary for Import on the subsidy programs listed, as the
Public Comment Administration. information is developed.
Case briefs or other written comments [FR Doc. E7–18167 Filed 9–13–07; 8:45 am] The Department encourages any
may be submitted to the Assistant BILLING CODE 3510–DS–S person having information on foreign
Secretary for Import Administration no government subsidy programs which
later than seven days after the date of benefit articles of cheese subject to an
the final verification report is issued in DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE in–quota rate of duty to submit such
this proceeding and rebuttal briefs information in writing to the Assistant
International Trade Administration Secretary for Import Administration,
limited to issues raised in case briefs no
later than five days after the deadline U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th
Quarterly Update to Annual Listing of
date for case briefs. A list of authorities Street and Constitution Ave., NW.,
Foreign Government Subsidies on
used and an executive summary of Washington, DC 20230.
Articles of Cheese Subject to an In–
issues should accompany any briefs This determination and notice are in
Quota Rate of Duty
submitted to the Department. This accordance with section 702(a) of the
summary should be limited to five pages AGENCY: Import Administration, Act.
total, including footnotes. International Trade Administration, Dated: September 7, 2007.
In accordance with section 774 of the Department of Commerce. David M. Spooner,
Act, we will hold a public hearing, if EFFECTIVE DATE: September 14, 2007. Assistant Secretary for Import
requested, to afford interested parties an FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Administration.
opportunity to comment on arguments Maura Jeffords, AD/CVD Operations,
raised in case or rebuttal briefs. If a Office 3, Import Administration, Appendix
request for a hearing is made, we intend International Trade Administration, Subsidy Programs On Cheese Subject
to hold the hearing three days after the U.S. Department of Commerce, 14th To An In–Quota Rate Of Duty

Country Program(s) Gross1 Subsidy ($/lb) Net2 Subsidy ($/lb)


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27 European Union Member States3 ...... European Union Restitution Payments $ 0.00 $ 0.00
Canada .................................................... Export Assistance on Certain Types of Cheese $ 0.32 $ 0.32
Norway ..................................................... Indirect (Milk) Subsidy $ 0.00 $ 0.00
.................................................................. Consumer Subsidy $ 0.00 $ 0.00
.................................................................. Total $ 0.00 $ 0.00

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