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Certificate III in Water Operations

Semester 1 Assessment

Name: _________________________________________

Assessor: _______________________________________

Assessment Date: ________________________________

Assessment Result: ________________________________

Instructions:

PART A
PART B

1.
2.

Water Treatment Chemistry


Water Treatment Processes

110 Marks
90 Marks

Answer ALL questions in the space provided.


Underline or highlight final answers

Time Allowed: 3 Hours


Student Signature: __________________________________ Date:
__________________
Assessor Signature: __________________________________ Date:
__________________

PART A Water Treatment chemistry


Periodic Table and Atomic Structure:
1.
List the first 10 multivalent elements
Marks

10

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2.
List 5 monovalent non-metallic
Marks

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3.

List ALL the reactive gases elements including number of protons


elections and neutrons
10 Marks

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4.

Write the formulas and molecular mass of the following:


20 Marks

Sodium Sulphate _____________________________________


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Potassium Chloride

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Aluminium Sulphate

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Calcium Carbonate

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Magnesium Phosphate ______________________________________
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Sulphuric Acid

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Calcium Hydroxide

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Acetic Acid

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Hydrochloric Acid

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Aluminium Hydroxide _______________________________________
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5.
Write balanced equations for the following reactions
Marks

Sodium Hydroxide + Phosphoric Acid


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Calcium Hydroxide + Hydrochloric Acid
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Moles
6.

n = m/MR

Calculate the number of moles of the following: (scientific notation)


10 Marks
a)

0.00058g of Sodium Chloride

b)

335Kg of Lime

Molarity (Molarity = moles/Volume in Litres)

7.
An Operator discovers that his acid container has ruptured spilling
1000L of 12M
4

Of Hydrochloric Acid. He attempts to neutralize the spill by covering


it with the contents of 4 x 25Kg bags of Lime. Calculate whether this
is sufficient lime or indeed too much. Either way report the correct
amount needed (in Kg).
10 Marks

20

8.
0.250

Calculate the mass of Alum required to prepare 250. mL of


10 Marks
solution

9.
How many millilitres of 0.200 M H2SO4 are required to completely
eutralize 250. mL of
5

0.250 M NaOH?

10 Marks

20

pH

pH = -log[H+]

H+ = concentration, Concentration = 1x

-pH

10

10. Calculate the pH of the following:


Marks

a)

0.0001M NaOH

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b)

0.000001M CH3COOH

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c)

3.7865 x 10-3M Ammonia (NH3)

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c)

1.0 x 10-7M NaCl

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6

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11.

Calculate the mass of Sodium Hydroxide required to make a


12 Marks
20L drum of pH 9.5

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PART B
1.

Water Treatment processes

Describe options for primary pre-treatment of water from highly


5 Marks
contaminated sources.

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2.
What is the purpose of the primary sedimentation process?
Marks

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10

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3.

Describe the jar testing and what is its purpose in water treatment?
5 Marks

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4.
Describe the process of coagulation
Marks

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10

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5.

Describe the process of Flocculation


5 Marks

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6.
What is the sludge blanket?
Marks

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7.
Describe Multi-media filtration (use diagrams)
Marks

5
9

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8.
Describe Activated Carbon Filtration (use diagrams)
Marks

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9.

What is neutralization?
10 Marks
(use a chemical reaction to demonstrate the process)
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10.

Describe the titration process


10 Marks

(use diagrams if necessary)

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10

11. What is an indicator? List 2 examples.


Marks

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12.

How is pH measured?

5 Marks

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13. How do you measure turbidity?
Marks

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14. What is the purpose of disinfection? List examples, how does it


work?10 Marks
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15.
What is the purpose of fluoridation? What precautions would you
take when
handling Fluoride substances?
5
Marks
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END
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