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Recommended Lateral Force Requirements and Commentary

1999

Seventh Edition

Seismology Committee Structural Engineers Association of California

Requirements and Commentary 1999 Seventh Edition Seismology Committee Structural Engineers Association of California

Preface

SEAOC Blue Book

Copyright

© 1999 Structural Engineers Association of California

All rights reserved. This publication or any part thereof must not be reproduced in any form without the written permission of the Structural Engineers Association of California.

Publisher

Structural Engineers Association of California (SEAOC)

555 University Avenue, Suite 126 Sacramento, California 95825-6510 Telephone: 916-427-3647 Fax: 916-568-0677 E-mail: seaoc@aol.com Web address: www.seaint.org

The Structural Engineers Association of California (SEAOC) is a professional association of four member or- ganizations representing the structural engineering com- munity in California. This document is published in keeping with SEAOC’s stated mission “to advance the structural engineering profession; to provide the public with structures of dependable performance through the ap- plication of state of the art structural engineering princi- ples; to assist the public in obtaining professional structural engineering services; to promote natural hazard mitigation; to provide continuing education and encourage research; to provide structural engineers with the most cur- rent information and tools to improve their practice; and to maintain the honor and dignity of the profession.”

Editor

Gail Hynes Shea, Albany, California

Print History

First Edition, 1959 First Edition with Commentary, 1960 First Edition Revised, 1963 Second Edition without Commentary, 1966 Second Edition with Commentary, 1967 Second Edition with Commentary and Addendum, 1968 Third Edition with Commentary, 1973 Fourth Edition with Partial Commentary, 1974 Commentary for Fourth Edition, 1975 Fourth Edition Revised, 1980 Fifth Edition with Tentative Commentary, 1988 Fifth Edition Revised with Commentary, 1990 Sixth Edition with Commentary, 1996 Seventh Edition with Commentary, 1999

Disclaimer

Neither SEAOC, nor its member organization, commit- tees, writers, editors, or individuals who have contributed to this publication make any warranty, expressed or im- plied, or assume any legal liability or responsibility for the use, application of, and/or reference to opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations included in this publica- tion.

Special Thanks

Special thanks to Degenkolb Engineers of San Francisco for generously providing the AutoCAD support that made most of graphics in this volume possible.

SEAOC Blue Book

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

List of Tables

 

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List of Figures.

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xix

Preface

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xxiii

Changes in this Edition of the Blue Book

 

xxiii

Acknowledgments

 

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. xxvii

Chapter 1 General Requirements for Design and Construction of Earthquake-Resistive

 

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101 UBC §1626

General

 

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101.1 Purpose

 

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101.2 Minimum Seismic Design

 

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101.3 Seismic and Wind Design

 

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101.4 Continuous Load Path

 

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101.5 Basis for Seismic Design

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101.6 Computer Calculations

 

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101.7 UBC §1612

Combinations of Loads .

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102 UBC §1627

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103 UBC §1628

 

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104 UBC §1629

Criteria

 

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104.1 Basis for Design

 

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104.2 Occupancy Categories

 

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104.3 Site Geology and Soil Characteristics

 

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104.4 Site Seismic Hazard Characteristics

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104.5 Configuration

 

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104.6 Structural Systems

 

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104.7 Height

 

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104.8 Selection of Lateral Force

 

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104.9 System Limitations

 

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104.10 Alternative

 

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105

UBC §1630 Minimum Design Lateral Forces and Related Effects

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105.1 Earthquake Loads and Modeling Requirements

 

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105.2 Static Force

 

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105.3 Determination of Seismic Factors

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105.4 Combinations of Structural Systems

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105.5 Vertical Distribution of Force

 

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Table of Contents

SEAOC Blue Book

105.6 Horizontal Distribution of Shear

 

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105.7 Horizontal Torsional Moments

 

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105.8 Overturning

 

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105.9 Drift .

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105.10 Story Drift Limitation

 

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105.11 Vertical Component

 

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106 UBC §1631

Dynamic Analysis Procedures

 

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106.1 General

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106.2 Ground Motion

 

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106.3 Mathematical Model

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106.4 Description of Analysis Procedures

 

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106.5 Response Spectrum

 

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106.6 Time-History Analysis

 

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107 UBC §1632

Lateral Force on Elements of Structures,

 

Nonstructural Components, and Equipment Supported

 

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107.1 General

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107.2 Design for Total Lateral Force

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107.3 Specifying Lateral Forces

 

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107.4 Relative Motion of Equipment Attachments

 

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107.5 Alternative

 

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108 UBC §1633

Detailed Systems Design Requirements

 

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108.1 General

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108.2 Structural Framing Systems

 

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109 UBC §1634 Nonbuilding Structures

 

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109.2 Lateral

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109.3 Rigid Structures

 

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109.4 Tanks With Supported Bottoms

 

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110 UBC §1635

Earthquake Recording Instrumentation

 

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111 UBC §1636

Site Categorization Procedure

 

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111.1 UBC §1636.1

 

Scope

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111.2 UBC §1636.2

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112 UBC §3400

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112.1 UBC 3401

 

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112.2 UBC §3402

 

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112.3 UBC §3403

Additions, Alterations, or Repairs

 

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113–149

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150 UBC §1654

Appendix Chapter 16, Division IV

 

Earthquake Regulations for Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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151 UBC §1655

Definitions for Seismic-Isolated Structures

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152 UBC §1656

Symbols and Notations for

 

Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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153 UBC §1657

Criteria Selection for

 

Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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153.1 Basis for Design

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153.2 Stability of the Isolation System

 

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153.3 Occupancy Categories

 

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SEAOC Blue Book

Table of Contents

153.4 Configuration

 

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153.5 Selection of Lateral Response Procedure

 

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154 UBC §1658

Static Lateral Response Procedure for

 

Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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154.1

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154.2

Deformation Characteristics of the Isolation System

 

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154.3

Minimum Lateral Displacements

 

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154.4

Minimum Lateral

 

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154.5

Vertical Distribution of Force

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154.6

Drift Limits

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155 UBC §1659

Dynamic Lateral Response Procedure for

 

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155.2

Isolation System and Structural Elements at or Below the Isolation Interface

 

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155.3

Structural Elements Above the Isolation System

 

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155.4

Ground Motion

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155.5

Mathematical Model for Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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155.6

Description of Analysis Procedures

 

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155.7

Design Lateral Force

 

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155.8

Drift Limits

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156 UBC §1660

Lateral Load on Elements of Structures

 

and Nonstructural Components Supported by

 

Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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156.2

Forces and

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157 UBC §1661

Detailed Systems Requirements for

 

Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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157.2

Isolation System

 

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157.3

Structural System.

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158 UBC §1662

Nonbuilding Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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159 UBC §1663

Foundations of Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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160 UBC §1664

Design and Construction Review for

 

Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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160.1

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160.2

Isolation System

 

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161 UBC §1665

Required Tests of Isolation System for

 

Seismic-Isolated Structures

 

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161.2

Prototype Tests

 

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161.3

Determination of Force-Deflection

 

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161.4

System Adequacy

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161.5

Design Properties of the Isolation System

 

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Chapter 2 Structural Tests and Inspections

 

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201 General Requirements

 

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202 Recommended Modifications to 1997

 

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202.1 Special Inspections

 

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