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Consequences; a result of a particular action or situation, often one which is bad or not

convenient. Penalties, cost, significance, values etc.

Acquire: Obtain, get.
Ubiquitous: universal. Every where

Pertain: to be connected with a particular subject, event or situation

Prohibitive: high priced
Compliance: obedience
Incumbent: mandatory, obligatory
Culpable: guilty, blameworthy
Manipulation: operation, handling
Integrity: honesty, truth
Hierarchies: orders
Disclosure: expose, leak
Agent: negotiator, go-between
Aspiration: ambition
Unalienable/inalienable: unable to be removed
Vague: unclear
Pursue: follow, chase
Deemed: thought
Tendency: trend, inclination
Perspective: viewpoint
Compensation: recompense, payment, return, reward
Stringency: severity, strictness
Ambiguity: vagueness, uncertainty
Deterring: discouraging
Vulnerable: susceptible, weak, defenseless
Articulating: speaking, pronouncing
Fiduciary: relating to the responsibility to look after someone else's money
Resort: option, resource
Deliberation: discussion
Pertinence: relevance, relatedness

Contemporary: modern, current, fashionable

Defiant: Disobedient
Adored: Worshipped
Inconsolable: Heartbroken
Enchanted: Charmed

Kanban: a card signal

Kanban is Japanese for visual signal or card. Toyota line-workers used a kanban (i.e., an
actual card) to signal steps in their manufacturing process. The systems highly visual nature
allowed teams to communicate more easily on what work needed to be done and when. It also
standardized cues and refined processes, which helped to reduce waste and maximize value.

Four Core Kanban Principles

Unlike other methods that force fit change from the get-go, Kanban is about evolution,
not revolution. It hinges on the fundamental truth that you cant get where you want to go
without first knowing where you are.
Kanban is gaining traction as a way to smoothly implement Agile and Lean management
methods in tech and non-tech companies around the world. Throughout this fresh take
on Toyotas manufacturing process, Kanbans core elements have remained rooted in
the principles below. (Note: There are many ways to define Kanban. Our intent in listing
the core elements in this manner is not to introduce a new definition but to distill the
common principles.)

1. Visualize Work
By creating a visual model of your work and workflow, you can observe the flow of work
moving through your Kanban system. Making the work visiblealong with blockers,
bottlenecks and queuesinstantly leads to increased communication and collaboration.

2. Limit Work in Process

By limiting how much unfinished work is in process, you can reduce the time it takes an
item to travel through the Kanban system. You can also avoid problems caused by task
switching and reduce the need to constantly reprioritize items.

3. Focus on Flow
By using work-in-process (WIP) limits and developing team-driven policies, you can
optimize your Kanban system to improve the smooth flow of work, collect metrics to
analyze flow, and even get leading indicators of future problems by analyzing the flow of

4. Continuous Improvement
Once your Kanban system is in place, it becomes the cornerstone for a culture of
continuous improvement. Teams measure their effectiveness by tracking flow, quality,
throughput, lead times and more. Experiments and analysis can change the system to
improve the teams effectiveness.

Bill of quantities
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A bill of quantities (BOQ) is a document used in tendering in the construction industry in

which materials, parts, and labor (and their costs) are itemized. It also (ideally) details the terms and
conditions of the construction or repair contract and itemizes all work to enable a contractor to price
the work for which he or she is bidding.

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