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ITU: TOLERANCE

English 9: William Shakespeare

“Romeo and Juliet”


Literary Devices

Directions: Find the definitions of each literary device listed below.


Make sure the definitions you find are LITERARY TERMS definitions.
Hint: the dictionary definition is not always the literary terms definition,
so make sure to use your resources in order to find the appropriate
definition. For example, the literary terms definition for Meter is NOT
something you put money in so that you can park your car without
getting a ticket.

ALL DEFINTIONS SHOULD HAVE SOMETHING TO DO WITH


LITERATURE.
1. Plot- the main events of a play, novel, movie, or similar work,
devised and presented by the writers an interrelated sequence.
2. Setting- the place or type of surroundings where something is
positioned or where an event takes place.
3. Point of view- a particular attitude or way of considering a
matter.
4. Characterization- describe the distinctive nature or features of.
5. Theme- a subject of a talk.
6. Alliteration- the occurrence of the same letter or sound at the
beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
7. Allusion- an expression designed to call something to mind
without mentioning it explicitly.
8. Analogy- a comparison between two things.
9. Antagonist- a person who actively opposes or is hostile to
someone or something.
10.Aside- to one side.
11.Blank Verse- verse without rhyme.
12.Climax- the most intense, exiting, or important point of
something.
13.Comic Relief- comic episodes in a dramatic or literary work that
offset more serious sections.
14. Conflict- a serious disagreement or argument.
15.Couplet- two lines of verse, usually in the same meter and joined
by rhyme, that form a unit.
16.Diction- the choice and use of words and phrases in speech or
writing.

Dr. J. Smith, Facilitator ITU: TOLERANCE


Ms. J. Markley, Facilitator iGenda 1
Mr. M. Pryor, Facilitator Shakespeare: Literary Devices
Ms. R. Muffler, Monday Facilitator WebQuest: Western Europe
17.Dramatic Irony- the expression of one’s meaning by using
language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for
humorous or emphatic effect.
18.Dramatic Structure- the dramatic part of a poem, story, movie,
and how is arises.
19.Epithet- an adjective or descriptive phrase expressing a quality
characteristic of the person or thing mentioned.
20.Figurative Language- exaggerating words.
21.Foreshadowing- be a warning or indication of (a future event).
22.Foil- prevent.
23.Imagery- visually descriptive or figurative language.
24.Irony- the expression of one’s meaning by using language that
normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or
emphatic effect.
25.Meter- the rhythm of a piece of poetry, determined by the
number and length of feet in a line.
26.Metaphor- a figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied
to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
27.Monologue- a long speech by one actor in a play or movie, or as
part of a theatrical or broadcast program.
28.Oxymoron- a figure of speech in which apparently contradictory
terms appear in conjunction.
29.Personification- the attribution of a personal nature or human
characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of
an abstract quality in human form.
30.Protagonist- the leading character or one of the major characters
in a drama, movie, novel, or other fictional text.
31.Pun- a joke exploiting the different possible meanings of a word
or the fact that there are words that should sound alike but have
different meanings.
32.Rhyme Scheme- the ordered pattern of rhymes at the ends of
the lines of a poem or verse.
33.Simile-a figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing
with another thing of a different kind.
34.Situational Irony- a relationship of contrast between what an
audience is led to.
35.Soliloquy- an act of speaking one’s thoughts aloud when by
oneself or regardless of any hearers.
36.Sonnet- a poem of fourteen lines using any of a number of
formal rhyme schemes, in English typically having ten syllables
per line.
37.Symbol- a thing represents or stands for something else.
38.Tragedy- an event causing great suffering, destruction, and
distress.
39.Verbal Irony- irony is the contrast or conflict between what’s
stated explicitly and what’s really meant.
Dr. J. Smith, Facilitator ITU: TOLERANCE
Ms. J. Markley, Facilitator iGenda 1
Mr. M. Pryor, Facilitator Shakespeare: Literary Devices
Ms. R. Muffler, Monday Facilitator WebQuest: Western Europe
World Geography: Western Europe
WebQuest
 Go to phschool.com
 Under Course Content…Web Codes…insert mjk-0015 then press
Go
 Left hand side of the page…under Course Content…click onto
SOCIAL STUDIES
 Under Student Resources click on Textbook Companion Sites
 Under Select Your State and Textbook Program…click on arrows
after State and select Intl
 Next…go to program arrows and select World Geography then
press Go
 Scroll down to UNIT 4: WESTERN EUROPE and click onto Chapter
14: Regional Atlas: Introduction to Western Europe…read the
Summary to answer the questions:
○ Why is the continent of Europe called “a peninsula of
peninsulas?” because there is a lot of peninsula’s
surrounding it.
○ What is a peninsula? (look this up in the dictionary if you
don’t know) a piece of land almost surrounded by water or
projecting out into a body of water.
○ What peninsula stretches into the Mediterranean Sea?
Iberian Peninsula.
○ Is Greece a peninsula? No.
 Above the Summary section…click onto Go Online Activities
 On this page, under Enrichment: Ecosystems…click onto
ecosystems
 On this page, click onto Geography
 On this page, click onto World Geography
 On this page, under World Geography…scroll down to The
Difference between the U.K., Great Britain, England, and the
British Isles …and click onto that link
 On this page, take some time to maneuver…reading numerous
facts, answer the following questions.
○ What countries comprise Great Britain? England, Scotland,
and Wales.
○ What is the capital of Great Britain? London.
○ What does Greater London mean? Consists of the
Corporation of the City of London.
○ What are boroughs and how many are in the City of
London? 32 Boroughs.

Dr. J. Smith, Facilitator ITU: TOLERANCE


Ms. J. Markley, Facilitator iGenda 1
Mr. M. Pryor, Facilitator Shakespeare: Literary Devices
Ms. R. Muffler, Monday Facilitator WebQuest: Western Europe
○ Where is Wales located in reference to England? Wales is
west of England and is apart from England by the
Cambrian Mountains.
○ When was Wales united with England? 1536.
○ What river separates Scotland from England? River Tweed.
○ What year were Scotland, England, and Wales united under
the name of the United Kingdom of Great Britain? 1707.
○ What is the capital of Northern Ireland? Belfast.
○ Where is the Isle of Man located and what is the total area
of this island? In the Irish Sea, equidistant from Scotland,
Ireland, and England.
○ When did the Isle of Man enter the control of England?
1341.
○ How does the Isle of Man governed? It was governed by its
own laws by a government composed of the lieutenant
governor, a legislative council, and a governor.
○ What is meant by European Union and how many countries
are there? Treaty of European Union, or Maastricht Treaty.
There are 27 countries.
○ What is the purpose of the Commonwealth of Nations? The
purpose is consultation and cooperation.
○ How is the United Kingdom governed? By the Prime
Minister.
○ The United Kingdom consists of what countries? Great
Britain (England, Wales, Scotland, and Northern Ireland).
○ What did signing the Magna Carta do for the United
Kingdom? It awarded the people their basic rights.
○ What religion is the Church of England? Roman Catholic.
○ When did the United Kingdom lose control of America? In
Waterloo in1815.
○ Why did Britain enter WWII? Because the Nazi invasion of
Poland two days before.
○ What is the name of the women who became Britain’s first
female Prime Minister? Margaret Thatcher.
○ What was the name of Britain’s Prime Minister that led
Britain to become one of U.S. allies after the September 11
attacks on the World Trade Center? Tony Blair.
○ What is the name of the British Royal that will take over
the throne when the Queen dies? Prince Charles.
 Scroll to the top of the page and click onto Atlas and Almanacs to
answer:
○ Click onto EUROPE …and review the map
 What is the name of the Ocean west of IRELAND?
Northern Atlantic Ocean.

Dr. J. Smith, Facilitator ITU: TOLERANCE


Ms. J. Markley, Facilitator iGenda 1
Mr. M. Pryor, Facilitator Shakespeare: Literary Devices
Ms. R. Muffler, Monday Facilitator WebQuest: Western Europe
 What is the name of the Sea south of FRANCE?
Mediterranean Sea.
 What is the capital of SPAIN? Libson, Madrid, and
Porks.
 What is the name of the Sea east of the UNITED
KINGDOM? Northern Sea.
 What is the name of the Sea west of NORWAY?
Norwegian Sea.
 What is the capital of SWEDEN? Stockholm.
 What is the capital of ITALY? Rome.
○ Scroll down to Maps—Europe and view the Countries to
answer the following questions:
 Click onto Austria
• What is the capital of Austria? Vienna.
• How many miles is Salzburg from Vienna?
About 200 miles.
• What seven countries border Austria? Czech
Republic, Germany, Slovakia, Slovenia, Croatia,
Switzerland.
• What is the Government of Austria? The same
type of Government as North America.
 Click onto Norway
• What is the capital of Norway? Oslo.
• What Sea’s border Norway? Norwegian Sea.
• What three countries border Norway? Sweden,
Finland, and Russia.
• What is the Government of Norway?
Constitutional Monarchy.
 Click onto Sweden
• What is the capital of Sweden? Stockholm.
• What two countries border Sweden? Norway
and Finland.
• What is considered the Scandinavian
Peninsula? A region in Northern Europe that
consists on Norway, Sweden, and a part of
Finland.
• What is the Government of Sweden?
Constitutional Monarchy.

Dr. J. Smith, Facilitator ITU: TOLERANCE


Ms. J. Markley, Facilitator iGenda 1
Mr. M. Pryor, Facilitator Shakespeare: Literary Devices
Ms. R. Muffler, Monday Facilitator WebQuest: Western Europe