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IDENTIFICATION POINTS OF
GENERAL HISTOLOGY SLIDES:----1. SIMPLE SQUAMOUS EPITHELIUM

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Flattened cells
Surface view rounded central nucleus
Cross section elongated nucleus
SIMPLE CUBOIDAL EPITHELIUM
Cuboidal cells (height almost the same
as width)
Central rounded nuclei
Surface view polygonal
SIMPLE COLUMNAR EPITHELIUM
Single layer of elongated cells
Height of cell > width of cell
Elongated basal nuclei
SIMPLE COLUMNAR EPITHELIUM
WITH GOBLET CELLS
Elongated column shaped cells (height
> width)
Elongated basal nuclei
Goblet cells have central and oval
nuclei
STRATIFIED CUBOIDAL
EPITHELIUM
Multilayered
Basal cells high cuboidal or low
columnar
Surface layer cuboidal
STRATIFIED SQUAMOUS NON
KERATINIZED EPITHELIUM
Surface squamous flattened cells
No keratin
Middle layer polygonal cells
Basal layer high cuboidal/low
columnar cells
PSEUDO STRATIFIED COLUMNAR
EPITHELIUM
Single layer of cells
Some cells are columnar; others are
cuboidal
Nuclei lying at different levels; give
the false appearance of stratified
epithelium
TRANSITIONAL EPITHELIUM
Basal layer of cuboidal cells
Next, four layers of polygonal cells
Next, two layers of pear shaped cells
Upper most layer of umbrella shaped
cells

9. THIN SKIN

Stratified squamous keratinized


epithelium
Dense irregular CT beneath
Hair follicles and roots present
Sebaceous glands
Sweat glands

10. THICK SKIN

Stratified squamous keratinized


epithelium
No hair roots and follicles
Pacinian corpuscles

11. DENSE REGULAR C.T

Parallel collagen fibres in the form of


bundles
Compressed elongated fibroblasts
between the collagen fibres
12. MUCOUS ACINI
Pyramidal cells
Apical portion lightly stained
Basal portion darkly stained
Flattened nuclei towards the base
13. FIBRO CARTILAGE
No perichondrium
Chondrocytes within lacunae,
arranged in rows
Collagen fibres arranged parallel
14. ELASTIC CARTILAGE
Perichondrium is present
Elastic fibres in matrix
Basophilic ground substance around
lacunae
Chondrocytes in lacunae in the form of
isogenous groups
15. HYALINE CARTILAGE
Dense Irregular CT (perichondrium)
Chondrocytes within lacunae
Chondrocytes in the form of isogenous
groups
Naked eye examination Bluish white
translucent appearance
16. ARTICULAR CARTILAGE
Superficial tangential layer
Intermediate transitional layer
Radial zone
Calcified zone
17. COMPACT BONE

Haversion Canal
Lamellae
Osteocytes in lacunae
Volkmanns canal
18. SPONGY BONE
Trabeculae
Red marrow
Spikes
Periosteum outer fibrous, inner cellular
19. CARDIAC MUSCLE
Branched
Striated
Intercalated discs
20. SMOOTH MUSCLE
Non striated appearance
Single central nucleus
Spindle shaped cells
21. SKELETAL MUSCLES
Characteristic striated appearance
Peripheral nuclei
Nucleus ovoid in shape
22. PERIPHERAL NERVE
Myelinated and non myelinated axons
Epineurium (CT that surrounds the
nerve)
Perineurium (CT that surrounds the
fasciculus of nerve)
Endoneurium (CT that surrounds the
individual nerve fibres)
23. CEREBRUM
Pyramidal and non pyramidal cells
Arranged in the form of layers
(mention the names) properly visible
only by Nissl staining method
24. CEREBELLUM
From outwards to inwards
Molecular layer with fan shaped
dendrites, stellate cells and basket
cells (but cell population is very low)
Flask shaped Perkinge cells
Granular layer (deeply basophilic
appearance of closely packed nuclei)
25. SPINAL CORD
Central canal
Butterfly shaped grey matter
Dorsal median sulcus and ventral
median fissure (depending on the
portion under examination)
26. ELASTIC ARTERY

No distinct outer and inner elastic


membranes
Tunica adventitia merges with CT,
contains vasa vasorum
Tunica media elastic fibres are present
in a large amount
Tunica intima Simple squamous
endothelium, subendothelial CT
27. MUSCULAR ARTERY
Tunica intima darkly stained
Tunica media smooth muscle fibres
arranged in circular patterns
Tunica adventitia collagen (lightly
stained); elastic (darkly stained)
28. MUSCULAR VEIN
Thin walled with larger irregular lumen
Tunica intima, media and adventitia
are present
Thick tunica media is thin smooth
muscle layer
Adventitia is thicker than tunica media
29. LYMPH NODE

Primary follicles/nodules without


germinal centre
Secondary follicles/nodules with
germinal centre
Irregular anastomosing medullary
cords
Subcapsular sinuses
30. THYMUS
Medulla is lightly stained
Hassalls corpuscles in medulla
Epithelioreticular cells; stellate shaped
31. SPLEEN
Red pulp splenic cord and venous
sinuses
White pulp contains lymphatic nodules
and germinal centre
Splenic sinuses
No differentiation into cortex and
medulla
32. TONSIL
Stratified squamous non keratinized
epithelium
Crypt
Trabeculae
Lymphatic nodules
33. TRACHEA

Pseudostratified
ciliated
epithelium
C-shaped hyaline cartilage
Trachealis muscle
Tracheal glands

columnar

34. LUNG

Alveoli Type I alveolar cells (simple


squamous epithelium); Type II alveolar
cells (cuboidal cells)
Respiratory bronchioles lined by
simple cuboidal epithelium
35. ADIPOSE TISSUE (WHITE)
Unilocular
Nuclei towards periphery
Spherical
36. Tongue
Conical shaped
Li n gu al p ap i ll a
Muscularis-fasciculi of skelet
Muscles
lingual glands
Linguz tonsil
37. Esophagus

Stratified squamous nonkeratinizeci epithelium


Thickest muscularis mucosa
Longitudinal mucosal fold
S u b mu cos al gl an d s
Mixed skeletal and smooth
muscles
38. Stomach- fundus & body
Typical shallow gastric pits (lined by
simple columnar epithelium)
Long tubular glands in mucosa
Layers of muscularis externa
No submucosal glands
39. Stomach- pylorus
Longer gastric pits
Branched tubular glands in mucosa
40. Small Intestine duodenum
Leaf-shaped villi with microvilli
Brunner (submucous) glands
Less number of goblet cells
41. Small Intestine Jejunum
Club-shaped or rounded villi with
microvilli
Tallest valvulae
More goblet cells

No Brunner glands
42. Small Intestine Ileum
Club-shaped or rounded villi with
microvilli
Peyers patches
Maximum goblet cells
Club shaped villi
43.
Colon
No villi
Taenia coli
M u c h m o r e g o b l e t
c e l l s
44.
Appendix
Constant mucosal folds
Ring of lymph nodules
No taenia coli
Fe w e r cryp t s
Indistinct muscularis mucosa
45. Pancreas
Pancreatic serous acini with
obliterated lumen
Islets of Langerhan's
46. Liver
Hepatic lobule with
Central vein
Radiating plats of hepatocytes
Hepatic sinusoids
47. Gall bladd
Mucosal folds
No muscularis mucosa
Fibromuscular layer
Penmuscular layer
Absence of goblet cells and crypts
of Liberkuhn
48.
parotid gland
Serous acini
I nte rl obul ar ducts
N o se ro us de mi l une s
Striated ducts
49. Sublingual gland
No capsule
Mucous acini with few serous one
Few serous demilunes
No intercalated ducts
50. Submandlbular gland
Mixed alveoli
Many serous demilunes
Shorter and narrower
intercalateducts

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Numerous intralobular ducts
51. Kidney
Cortex contains glomeruli.
convoluted tubules and medullary
rays
Medulla contains renal pyramid,
loop of Henle and collecting tubule
52.
Ureter
Star shaped small lumen
Transitional
Epithelium
No muscularis mucosa
Inner longitudinal and outer
circular smooth muscles
53. Urinary bladder
Transitional epithelium
Thick lamina propria
Slide consists of a part of bladder
wall. so lumen is not evident
Very thick (3 layered muscularis)
No glands. no submucosa
54. Te s t i s

Tunica albuginea & tunica vasculosa


Seminiferous tubules with
spermatozoa
Groups of Leydig cells
55. DUCtUS epltlltlymis
Regular lumen
Pseudostratified epithelium with
stereocilia No fi brOmUSCular
stroma
No fibrosa
56. Ductus deferent
Irregular convoluted single lumen

Low columnar pseudostratified


epithelium with stereocilia Very
thick 3 layered muscularis
57.
seminal vesicle
Highly convoluted lumen with crypts
and cavities Pseudostratifted
epithelium
Thin muscularis
58.
Prostate
Fibromuscular true capsule
Prostatic acini (lined with simple
columnar epithelium) with
corporaamylacea
Fibromuscular stroma
Prostatic urethra
59. O v a r y
Mesovarium
Ovarian follicles
Cortex and medulla
60.
Fal lo p i an t ub e
Fimbria
Mucosal folds lined by simple
columnar ciliated epithelium
Layered muscularis in isthmus
61.
Uterus
Simple columnar epithelium
(partially ciliated) Very broad
lamina propria
Uterine glands in lamina propria
No submucosa
Very thick muscularis
Only one stage of menstrual cycle
is evident