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Structural Steel

Prof Awad S. Hanna

Type of Steel
Designated by the letter A followed
by the American Society for Testing and
Materials (ASTM) designation number.
The principal types of structural steel
include:
A36 carbon structural steel
A572 high-strength low-alloy structural steel
A588 corrosion-resistant high-strength lowalloy structural steel.
Prof Awad S. Hanna

Table 1, Rolled-steel shape designations


Type fo shape
Wshape
S shape
M shape
American St andard Channel
Miscellaneous Channel
HP (bearing pile) shape
Equal leg angle
Unequal leg angle
Plat e

Example designat ion


W27 x 114
S20 x 95
M8 x 25
C12 x 30
MC 12 x 50
HP 14 x 89
L 6 x 6 x 1/2
L 8 x 4 x 1/2
PL 1/2 x 12
1

Weight: 40.8 lb/sq. ft/ in


1

1
Prof Awad S. Hanna

Steel Sections:
Channel C 8x11
C
= channel
8
= nominal depth
weight = 11.5 #/Lf
Use:
beams and built-up members

Prof Awad S. Hanna

Steel Sections:
Angle L 5 x 3 x 5/8
L
5
3
5/8

= angle
= length of one leg
= length of another leg
= nominal thickness

need to look up #
Bracing and build-up
members
Prof Awad S. Hanna

Structural
WT 7 x 49.5
ST 9 x 35
WT = cut from wide flange
(14 x 90)
7
= nominal depth
49.5 = #/lf
ST = cut form S beam (18 x
70)
Use:
Build-up sections
Prof Awad S. Hanna

Wide Flange
W14 x 90
14 WF 90

Standard
Beam
S18 x 70
18 I 70

W
= wide flange
14
= nominal
depth
90
= #/lf
use: beam and column

S
= standard
18
= nominal
depth
70
= #/lf
use: beam, not column

Prof Awad S. Hanna

Estimating Tips
Nominally taken off and priced by weight
Group for take off by:
Grade of steel
Type of section or member
Method of tied connection
location

Maintain consistent sequence of take off.


Common:
Columns and detail
Beams and detail (floor by floor)
Bracing and flooring
Prof Awad S. Hanna

Pricing
Depends on where material is
purchased.
Mill price apply to large orders.
Warehouse price apply to small orders
from local supplier.

Prices are as of time of delivery.


Need escalation clauses to be clearly
set forth.
Price is made up a base plus extras.
Prof Awad S. Hanna

Pricing Structural Shapes


Prices are expressed in cents per
pound.
W14x95 - 32.68 ft, A36 steel
(3104.6#)
Base
17.00
Dimension:
shape
0.45
length-quantity 1.00
Pack
0.00
Mark
0.00
Prof Awad S. Hanna

W14 x 84

NOTE:
All columns are 120 in length

W14x 68
300

W14x 68
300
Prof Awad S. Hanna

All Columns
this Row
W24 x 100

W14 x 43

All Columns
this Row
W24 x 100

All Columns
this Row
W24 x 100

W18 x 40

W14 x 43

W14 x 103

280
W14 x 43

W18 x 70

W14 x 84

W18 x 70

W14 x 84

W18 x 40

W18 x 50
W14 x 84

W14 x 84

140
W14 x 43

W18 x 50

W14x 43
200

W18 x 40
W14 x 43

W18 x 70

All Columns
this Row
W24 x 68

W14x 43

W14 x 84

W18 x 70
W14 x 84

140
W14 x 43

W18 x 40

W14x 68

W14 x 103

W14x 68

W14 x 84

280
W14 x 43

W14x 43

W14 x 43

Example Drawing for Structural Steel Take-Off

W14x 43
200

All Columns
this Row
W24 x 68

Table 2, List of Steel Quantities


Sect ion
W14 x 43
W14 x 68
W18 x 40
W18 x 70
W18 x 50
W14 x 43
W14 x 43
W18 x 84
W18 x 84
W14 x 103
W24 x 68
W24 x 100

Number Lengt h (ft ) Tot al Lengt h Wt ./ft Tot al Wt . (lb)


4
20.0
80
43
3440
4
30.0
120
68
8160
4
20.0
80
40
3200
4
30.0
120
70
8400
2
20.0
40
50
2000
4
28.0
112
43
4816
4
14.0
56
43
2408
4
28.0
112
84
9408
4
14.0
56
84
4704
2
28.0
56
103
5768
10
12.0
120
68
8160
14
12.0
168
100
16800

The cost of plates and connectors (bolts or welding) are


not included.
Prof Awad S. Hanna