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Cloud
Computing
Apalachee High School Professional
Development
*This presentation was made using cloud services provided by Google.

Overview of Topic
What is cloud computing?
Cloud computing is a model for enabling convenient, on-demand network access to a
shared pool of configurable computing resources (e.g., networks, servers, storage,
applications, and services) that can be rapidly provisioned and released with minimal
management effort or service provider interaction.
- National Institute of Standards and Technology

Overview of Topic
Standard 1: Visionary Leadership

Maximizing the use of digital resources; inspiration among stakeholders

Standard 2: Digital Age Learning Culture

Effective use of technology; diverse needs of all learners.

Standard 3: Excellence in Professional Practice

Ongoing professional growth; effective communication and collaboration

Standard 4: Systemic Improvement

Purposeful; maintain robust infrastructure for technology

Overview of Topic
What does it mean to
educators?

Access to material and content through


internet connection - for students too!
Collaboration and development
Lesson Planning, curriculum
development
Negate the need for IT specialization
Multiple devices for accessibility and
functionality
Tablets, smart-phones, computers
Applications for educational use
Google Apps for education
Adaptive Technologies

Image from: openclipart. License Policy: CLICK HERE

Key Components #1
Digital Based
Environment
- Everything you need is in digital
script and non-tangible formats.
- All information is online.

Image from: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/4a/COSMOPOLIS.jpg License Policy:


Google Search labeled for re-use.

Key Components #2
Virtualization

Access content remotely


Dont need to lug textbooks
or packets around!

Lee, H., Messom, C., & Yau, K. (2013).

Image from: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/f/f0/A_tower_of_used_books__8443.jpg/1280px-A_tower_of_used_books_-_8443.jpg


License Policy: Google Search labeled for re-use.

Key Components #3
Centralized Data
Access

Retrieval of information from one


point
Improved service reliability
Limits loss of information
such as assignments,
material
Increased collaboration

Lee, H., Messom, C., & Yau, K. (2013).


Image From: http://pixabay.com/p-488673/?no_redirect License: CC0 Public Domain

Key Components #4
Monitoring Data
Access

One place to access all


resources
E-Books, retrieval of resources
Monitoring student performance

Lee, H., Messom, C., & Yau, K. (2013).

Image from: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/5d/NORADCommandCenter.jpg


License Policy: Google Search labeled for re-use.

Discussion of the Topic - Application


No School, No Problem
- Teacher in Virginia
provided material for
students to review for
exams while winter weather
kept them away.
Read Article Here

Schools Switching to CloudBased Services to save


money
- Chicago School System among the
first to switch to cloud computing
education apps and e-mail services.

Read Article Here

Related Research - Anaheim City School District

Faced problem of outdated software, implementation of new standards


(Common Core), need for efficient collaboration, curriculum and lesson
construction
Used software from Google Apps For Education (GAFE)
Presentations and teacher-related activities were completed using
document sharing software provided by Google
Collaboration on what the standards meant and wanted the students
to do was done using real-time editing software
Lessons and units were developed using single documents being
shared by multiple teachers.

Robertson, C. (2013).

Related Research - Anaheim cont.


Conclusion:

Despite these issues, it was determined that Google Apps for Education offered the
best, overall experience for the staff. Teachers were able to receive on-going support
as they were working through understanding what is involved with the CCSS (Common
Core Standards) and how it would change what they needed to do in the classroom.
GAFE allowed for teachers to be provided with access to a wealth of resources to
help with this transition to the CCSS. As a free, all-in-one cloud-based
environmentalbeit with some quirksGAFE helped increased the collaborative
efforts of the staff and provided for increased levels of communication about the
CCSS and its implementation.
Emphasis added.

Robertson, C. (2013). Using a Cloud-based Computing Environment to Support Teacher Training on Common Core Implementation. Techtrends: Linking Research & Practice To Improve Learning, 57(6), 57-60. doi:10.1007/s11528-0130702-9

Adaptive Technology - Cloud Computing


Apalachee High School has many students
that are English for Speakers of Other
Languages, cloud services are enabling
simultaneous translations which could help
the students and teacher.
Read Here
Image from:http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/ca/Globe_of_language.png
License Policy: Google Search labeled for re-use.

Adaptive Technologies - Cloud Profiles


Organizations, such as Global Public Inclusive
Infrastructure (GPII), are developing
technologies that would allow users to create
cloud profiles that would allow the user to apply
pre-determined settings based on their
disabilities for things like reading and sound to
any device or site.
READ HERE

Discussion of Topic - Privacy


But along with these benefits (cloud-based computing) come serious
challenges, particularly the potential loss of privacy that accompanies the
transfer of personal student information to the cloud. Concerns about data
privacy are real and must be addressed by public school districts
Why Public School Districts?

FERPA, PPRA, and COPPA DO NOT COVER ALL STUDENT DATA


PRIVACY ISSUES.
Provides basic framework but [its] not a complete regulatory scheme.

Read More Here

Research Implementing the Internet and Cloud


Computing in Teaching
Using cloud services such as e-mail, web storage,
websites/blogs, and 1:1 interactive templates to
promote digital learning.

Promotion of e-teaching in schools depends on the practice of teachers


Teachers are at the frontline of teaching that they new to accept new
concepts, adjust teaching methods with the change of the e-environment...
establish a personal cloud teaching environment,...
From the aspect of long-term effectiveness, the digitalization of teaching
materials is beyond question.

Jia-Rong, W., & Chia-Pin, C. (2011). The Strategy of Implementing the Internet and Cloud Computing in Teaching. International
Journal Of Research & Reviews In Computer Science, 2(1), 83-87.

References
*All images were taken from google images with the labeled for reuse setting
used in the search.
1. Axelson, Mary. Campustechnology.com,. (2010). Using the Cloud to Improve Access for the Disabled -- Campus
Technology. Retrieved 26 February 2015, from http://campustechnology.com/Articles/2013/12/05/Using-the-Cloud-toImprove-Access-for-the-Disabled.aspx?Page=1
2. Baepler, P. (2011). Alternative Assessment in the Cloud. Assessment Update, 23(2), 1-14.
3. Bock, M. Education Week Digital Directions,. (2000). Districts Move to the Cloud to Power Up, Save Money.
Retrieved 26 February 2015,, from http://www.edweek.org/dd/articles/2013/02/06/02cl
4. Lee, H., Messom, C., & Yau, K. (2013). Can an Electronic Textbooks Be Part of K-12 Education?: Challenges,
Technological Solutions and Open Issues. Turkish Online Journal Of Educational Technology - TOJET, 12(1), 32-44.
5. Mell, P., Grance, T. (2011). National Institute of Standards and Technology. The NIST Definition of Cloud
Computing. Retrieved 28 February 2015 from http://csrc.nist.gov/publications/nistpubs/800-145/SP800-145.pdf.
6. Murua, A., Gonzalez, I., Gomez-Martinez, E. (2011). Cloud Based Assistive Technology Services. Proceedings of
the Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems, 985-989

References - Continued
7. No Author. (2014, April). Data and Public Policy: A Legal and Policy Guide for School Boards on Student Data
Privacy in the Cloud Computing Era. National School Boards Association. Retrieved 28 February 2015 from http://nsba.
org/sites/default/files/reports/DataInTheCloud_Guide_NSBA_COSA.pdf
8. Jia-Rong, W., & Chia-Pin, C. (2011). The Strategy of Implementing the Internet and Cloud Computing in Teaching.
International Journal Of Research & Reviews In Computer Science, 2(1), 83-87.
9. Robertson, C. (2013). Using a Cloud-based Computing Environment to Support Teacher Training on Common Core
Implementation. Techtrends: Linking Research & Practice To Improve Learning, 57(6), 57-60. doi:10.1007/s11528-0130702-9
10. The Lansing Star Online,. (2014). No School, No Problem! Lansing Studies in the Cloud! | Around Town. Retrieved
28 February 2015, from http://www.lansingstar.com/around-town/10421-no-school-no-problem-lansing-studies-in-thecloud