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EXPERIMENTAL VALIDATION OF

NEW BALSTHOLE SAMPLER FOR


SHORT-TERM PANNING
Ana Carolina Chieregati
Bruno Frontini
Daniel B. Carvalho
Francis F. Pitard
Kim H. Esbensen

Sampling is one of the basic


operations of the human mind,
but it does not receive the
attention it deserves.
Pierre Gy

INTRODUCTION
Sampling is becoming more important every year as
grades are becoming increasingly lower;

Grade control samples are often based on results


from blasthole sampling, which usually presents poor
recovery due to particulate segregation of the
material .

INTRODUCTION
Representative samples have to be both
precise and accurate;
ACCURACY

PRECISION

OBJECTIVES
This paper presents the validation of a
new method of blasthole sampling using a
stationary sectorial sampler with cupola.
1. Minimization of sampling
errors.
2. Increase of data reliability.
3. Improvement of model
estimates.

THE MINE
Minerao Serra Grande is located in the
state of Goias, city of Crixas, Brazil;

Open pit: where


samping campaign
took place.

METHODOLOGY
Comparision betewen samplers;
Canvas;
Drum;
Sectorial sampler;

Three twin holes were made to quantify the loss of fines.

Only a correctly designed


sampler can produce
samples that are
representative and hence
reliable.
Pierre Gy

METHODOLOGY

METHODOLOGY
Sampling with the Sectorial Sampler;

Plant feed: sampling on the conveyor belt for


reconciliation purposes (MCF).

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
Opening

% Retained

mm

CUPOLA DRUM

CANVAS

4.760

1.4%

3.9%

7.0%

3.360

5.7%

5.3%

7.8%

2.000

16.0%

16.1%

18.7%

0.841

11.7%

13.6%

13.9%

0.595

3.9%

5.3%

5.1%

0.297

6.5%

9.2%

9.0%

0.149

6.1%

9.3%

9.9%

0.105

3.7%

13.5%

11.5%

-0.105

31.3%

22.8%

16.6%

Blasthole
number
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18*
19
20
21
22
23
24

Grade
Grade
Sample Sample
A (g/t)
B (g/t)
0.73
2.27
0.03
0.03
1.33
1.07
3.13
4.77
1.10
2.37
3.83
2.17
7.80
7.97
1.43
2.57
14.67
14.03
6.90
5.17
5.80
6.00
1.50
1.57
3.33
2.93
5.33
4.43
9.47
8.30
9.77
11.90
0.67
1.27
*sample was lost
6.50
5.80
7.67
9.17
9.50
5.93
5.90
6.37
8.83
9.50
6.17
7.03

-1.54
0.00
0.26
-1.64
-1.27
1.66
-0.17
-1.14
0.64
1.73
-0.20
-0.07
0.40
0.90
1.17
-2.13
-0.60

Relative
error
(%)
-67.84%
0.00%
24.30%
-34.38%
-53.59%
76.50%
-2.13%
-44.36%
4.56%
33.46%
-3.33%
-4.46%
13.65%
20.32%
14.10%
-17.90%
-47.24%

0.70
-1.50
3.57
-0.47
-0.67
-0.86

12.07%
-16.36%
60.20%
-7.38%
-7.05%
-12.23%

Absolute
error

Blasthole
number
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
mean
standard
deviation

Grade
Sample
A (g/t)
5.03
2.33
1.17
5.43
7.20
1.13
1.10
3.87
13.90
7.60
8.43
8.07
5.37
11.77
5.07
3.57
0.93
12.30
4.20
1.53
2.67
7.50
5.00
3.83
5.327

Grade
Sample
B (g/t)
5.10
2.50
1.33
3.83
6.60
1.23
8.83
4.40
16.67
7.87
8.30
7.00
5.60
7.07
5.93
2.77
0.83
7.27
3.23
1.27
2.40
6.47
3.97
4.13
5.260

3.677

3.500

-0.07
-0.17
-0.16
1.60
0.60
-0.10
-7.73
-0.53
-2.77
-0.27
0.13
1.07
-0.23
4.70
-0.86
0.80
0.10
5.03
0.97
0.26
0.27
1.03
1.03
-0.30
0.067

Relative
error
(%)
-1.37%
-6.80%
-12.03%
41.78%
9.09%
-8.13%
-87.54%
-12.05%
-16.62%
-3.43%
1.57%
15.29%
-4.11%
66.48%
-14.50%
28.88%
12.05%
69.19%
30.03%
20.47%
11.25%
15.92%
25.94%
-7.26%
2.45%

1.878

32.6%

Absolute
error

PLANT
sample #
(int. 5 min)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
m = mean
s = std deviation
relative s

Au grade
(g/t)
5.07
4.47
3.70
6.57
4.50
6.97
5.07
4.87
6.60
7.17
3.27
3.00
3.67
3.63
6.23
6.73
5.30
2.67
5.13
7.07
6.83
7.20
3.67
4.77
5.172
1.477
28.5%

STATISCAL ANALYSIS
RECONCILIATION
Sample A

MINE TO
MILL
absolute error
relative error
MCF

0.155
3.0%
97.0%

Sample B
0.09
1.7%
98.3%

RECONCILIATION
MINE TO
Mean
MILL
samples A/B
absolute error
0.122
relative error
2.3%
MCF
97.7%

CONCLUSIONS
The low value of the mean of the selection error, m(SE) = 0.067,
shows that the opposite sectors of the new blasthole sampler
are unbiased. The associated reproducibility is poor however
(32.6% relative).

The high value of the MCF suggests a good predictability of the


short-term model which estimates were based on the new
blasthole sampler.
The significantly higher recovery of fine material by the new
sectorial sampler shows it minimizes the sampling error due to
the loss of fines.
The new sectorial sampler does not cause significantly lower
productivity compared to the current work routines.