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PAPER 1:

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

CONTENTS:

 Exponents, logs and surds 5 Algebra 10 Functions 17
 Calculus 28 Financial Maths 32 Number patterns 35 Linear Programming 40 PAPER 2: Analytical Geometry 41 Trigonometry 50 Transformations 59 Data handling 60

5

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Exponents, logs and Surds Exponents

Exponents 1, practice examples 1:

Break the following numbers into their simplest surd form: 1)
96
2)
121
3)
798
4)
81
5)
1024
Simplify:
1)
8 4 . 16 3
1
(
6
)
3)
5
18
8
2
5)
6
4.2
Solve for x:
2
2
1)
2 .x = 2
2
2
3)
6
+
3
=
x 45
4
3
5)
x 7
= 5

Exponents 1, Practice examples 2:

2)

4)

2)

4)

3

11 x y

4

121 x

(

xy

)

2

2

2

x

y

4

3

3

x

0 +

=

3

32

x

=

28

6

1)

3)

5)

7)

9)

1)

3)

5)

7)

9) Simplify the following:
3
x
2
− 5
x
y
9
27
x
3
12
64
y
n
1
2
n
+
3
x
. x
( x
n − 1
) 2
x +
1
x
+
5
3.2
+ 2
x
+ 2
x
3.2
− 2
x
3
x
+
5
3
.27
x −
4
2
x
+
2
81
.9

Solve for x: −x
3
= 81
2
2
5
3
=
x 64
6x
5
7
4x
3
= 81
x +
7 − x + 2 = 0

5

x

3

5

=

150

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Exponents 1, exercise:

2)

4)

6)

8)

10) ( 8
)
− 3
6
− 5
x
y
5+
n
72
x
n
108
x
6
4
2x .8x
3
21.2 10
7
2.
105
1
1
1
6
3
x
3 ×
x
×
×
3
4
3 x
x

2)

4)

6)

8)

10)

19

9

x

= 1 x
4 =
81
(3
−x
3)(3
x
+
− 81)= 0
x
+
1
x
+
4
(
2
)
2
− 2
= −
2
( 3
x )
2 x
− 3
.
9
= 1
x
3

2

x

+

1

2

x

+

2

7

1)

3)

5)

1)

3)

5)

1)

3)

5)

7)

1)

3)

5)

7)

9)

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Exponents, Logs and Surds Logs

Logs, Practice examples 1:

Simplify the following:

log

4

4

log 16

2

log

1

2

8

×

log

2

8

Solve for x:

log

log 27

2

4 x =

log

3

x

=

+

16

3

log

4

x =

10

2)

4)

2)

4)

log 81

3

log 81

log 27

log

log 3 + log 5 = log x

2 x = −

2

Simplify:

log 81

3

log 16

2

log

2

8

log

log

3

4

+

2 log

2

5 3
81

log 27

log12

+

log

1

3

log 3

6

log 9

Solve for x:

log

log

log

3

x =

1

4

x

x =

4

=

3

2

8

log x + log 4 log(2x 3) = 2

log x =

log 4

log 2

Logs, exercise

2)

4)

6)

8)

10) 1
2)
log 5
5
log 81
4)
log 27
log 36
− log 9
6)
log 3
− log 6
log 6
− log 2
8)
log 9(2 log 5
+ log 4)
log
2 x = −
2
− log
3 x =
3
log
(
x −
3)
log
5
=
1
3
3
3
3
log
x +
log
x
+
log
=
5 x
5
5
log
x 36 = 2

18

8

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Exponents, Logs and Surds Cumulative

Cumulative practice examples 1:

1)

3)

5)

1)

3)

5)

1)

3)

5)

7)

9)

Simplify: 75
3
x
(
− x
)
3
18 . 2.3
x − 2
2
3
2
log
+
2 log
log12
4
5
Solve for x: 3
x+
3
3
x
2
+
4.2
=
24
2
x
x 4
16.2
=
2 x −
3
log
x +
1
=
log
(
x +
2
2
Simplify:
n +
2
8
n × 4
4 − n
16
9 −
54
6
2
n
6 n
+ 2 .25
n
n
9 n
+ 25.3
log 64
2
log 5
+ log 20
log 27
+ 2 log
27
9
3

1)

2)

4)

2)

4)

Cumulative exercise:

2)

4)

6)

8)

10)

1 3
x
4
2
3
x
log 4
− log 25
log 2
log 5 (
4 )
x −
1
a
. a
= 1
x
a
log
x
+
2 log
3

x 3

=

3 x + 2
x −
81
9 2
x
− x
18 .2
3(
3)
75 −
− 1
3)
3
2
( 12
+ 3 3
27
2 +
log
2
×
3

log

log

2

2

4

5

×

log

5

9

9 Solve for x:
x
x−
1
1)
2
+
2
=
12
= (
)
x − 1
x
3
x
− 2
3)
9
27
2
x+
1
x
5)
2
− 3.2
+
1
=
0
7)
log
27
+ log
(
x −
1)
=
4
4
1 log 27
9)
log 3
x +
=
2
log
x

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

1

2)

4)

6)

8)

10)

x

4

5 =

27

2

3

+ 5
16

16

3

4 =

125

3.2

2

x

1

2

2

x

+

1

3log

4

x

5 x =

9

=

6

x

= 240

2

3 + x

2

3

x

1

10

1)

3)

5)

7)

1)

3)

1)

3)

5)

7)

9)

x

a

y

a

2

2

2

2

2

4

x

x

2

6

2

x

x

2

2

x

x

x

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Algebra 2 Basic factorization

Algebra 2 practice examples 1

Factorize fully:

+

4

x

+

+

6a

18

b

2

32

9 y

2)

4)

6)

8)

Algebra 2 practice examples 2

Factorize fully:

2

2

5

x

12

33

x

70

Factorize fully:

+

7

x +

10

9

x +

20

2

2

2

+

+

5

7

x +

x

3

20

x

10

2)

4)

Algebra 2 exercise:

2)

4)

6)

8)

10)

y

2

3

y +

6x + 9 + x

2

2

+

2

2

x

+

2

x

3

24

24

x

x +

56

60

3

2

x

x

2

x

2

x

3

3

x

x

2x

2

2

9

9

x +

x

6

5

5

x

24

+

13

x

30

2

2

3

+

11

x

10

x +

2x

2

20

8

40x

11

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Algebra 3 Quadratic formula and completing the square

Algebra 3 practice examples 1

Solve for unknown variable by completing the square:

1)

3)

5)

x

2

+

8

3

x

2

x

2

+

2

x

8

4

x

=

7

x +

20

0

=

=

0

0

2)

4)

2

2

x +

2

2

x

6

x

9

x

8

=

21

0

=

0

Algebra 3 practice examples 2

Solve for unknown variables by using the quadratic formula:

1)

3)

5)

1)

3)

5)

7)

9)

3

9

4

x

x

x

2

2

2

+

+

3

x

10

=

0

28

x

100

=

2

x +

8

=

0

0

Solve, using any method:

2

9

2

6

x

x

x

x

2

2

2

2

12

+

+

+

x

17

19

15

x +

x +

x +

10

20

3

72

2

x

2

22

x

10

2)

4)

Algebra 3 exercise:

2)

4)

6)

8)

10)

6

2

x

x

2

2

+

2

4

x

x

12

=

100

0

=

4

2

x

12

x

31

x

5

x

245

2

+

13

x

30

2

+

11

x

205

3

x

2x

3

2

10

2x

2

x +

84

40x

0

12

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Algebra 4 Basic simultaneous

Algebra 4 practice examples 1

Solve for unknown variables simultaneously:

 1) x + y = 5 x 2 + 8 y 2 − 15 x = 6 2) x − y − 7 = 10 3 x 2 + 8 y 2 − 15 y = 7 3) 8x + 9 y = 20 16x 2 + 18xy − 20 = 14x 4) x + 2 y − z = 4 x − 3z + 6y = 9 3x − 2 y + 2z = 16 Algebra 4 exercise: Solve for unknown variables: 1) 4 x x 2 + − 6 2 y y = + 23 18 = 0 3 y 2 − 17 x = 45 2) x 2 − 1 = y 3) x 3 − 5 = 4 y y + 7 = − 14 4) x x 2 2 + + y 2 2 y = 19 = 2 23 x − y = 2 z 5) y + x = 12 z 4 − z = x + y

13

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Algebra 5 Dealing with fractions

Algebra 5 practice examples 1

Solve for unknown variable:

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

 3 + 6 x = 9 x 2 x + 3 − 6 = 9 x + 1 x x + 6 5 5 3 x − 12 + = + x x − 2 4 − 4 x x 2 + + 2 x − 24 3 = 3 ( 1 2 x + 6)( x − 4) x + 6 2 x ( x − 4) 2 1 x + = 4 x 2 1 − 1 − 2 x 2 x + 1 Algebra 5 exercise: Solve for unknown variable: 8 + 5 x = 15 x 2 x + = 6 − 9 4 3 x − 9 2 x x − 3 4 7 x − 2 + = + x x + 2 5 − 6 x x 2 + + x − 20 2 = ( 4 x + 5)( x − 4) x − 4 3 x ( x − 6) 2 1 4 x + = 9 x 2 − 4 2 − 3 x 3 x + 2

14

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Algebra 6 Inequalities basic

Algebra 6 practice examples 1

Find the value(s) of the unknown variables:

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

x

3

x

+

9

4

1

3

x

+

7

2

6

x

4

5

x

+ 4

3

x

 x x + 2 9 x + 3 + 3 x ≥ 6 x 12( x + + 1 2) x x + 2 2x + 12 x 6

Algebra 6 exercise:

Find the value(s) of the unknown variables:

1)

2)

3)

4)

5)

 9 2 x − 1 ≥ 8 3 x + 1 5 x − 9 ≤ x − 24 6 2 x + 8 ≥ 2 x 4 x 7 x + 7 9 x − 6 + 5 x ≥ 7 x 12( x + 3) 5 x + 25 x 2 + 8 x + 15 4x 21

x + 7

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

17

Functions 1

Basic functions

Functions 1 practice examples 1

Using the tables provided, sketch the following functions: 1)
f (x) = 4x + 3
x
-3
-2
-1
0
1
2
3
f(x)
2)
g(x) = −3x +1
3)
h(x) = 3x + 5
x
0
x
-2
-1
0
1
2
g(x)
h(x)
0
3
4)
j
(
x
)
=
x
x
-6
-3
-1
0
1 3
6
j(x)
5)
k
(
x
)
x
= 2
x
-3
-2
-1
0
1 2
3
k(x)
Sketch the following functions using any method
6)
A(x) =
2x −1
7)
B(x) = −2x + 3
x
x
8)
C
(
x
)
= 4
9)
D x
(
)
= 4
1
10)
E
(
x
)
=
2
x
Functions 1 practice examples 2
Think of possible scenarios to match the following functions:
(Note that there is no one right answer, what I do on-screen is merely an
illustration)
2
x
1)
g
(
x
)
=
x +
9
2)
h x
( ) = 6
− 240
13
1240
3)
l x
(
)
=
x
Functions 1 exercise:
Sketch the following:
2
1)
A(x) = 3x + 5
2)
B x
( ) =
x
3)
j
(
x
)
x
= 2

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

 18 Functions 2 Straight line

Functions 2 practice examples 1

Sketch the following functions:

 1) 2 y = 9 y = 3x 2x = 4 − 8x + 4 y − 5 2) 4) 6) 3x + 5 y = −6 3x + y = 3x −1 3x = 9 y 3) 5) Functions 2 exercise: Sketch the following: 1) y = 5x + 1 = −2x + 4 1 2) = 4x − 8 3) y 4) y y = −3x −1 − 7 5) y = 4 x + 8 6) y = x − 5 8 7) 2 y = 4x −16 8) 3y = 5x −1 Functions 3 The parabola Functions 3 practice examples 1 Sketch the following functions using steps: 1) g ( x ) = ( x − 3) 2 + 4 2) f ( x ) = − 2( x − 3) 2 + 8 3) j ( x ) = 1 ( x + 1) 2 − 8 4) k ( x ) = 1 − 3 ( x + 2) 2 + 2 4 5) h ( x ) = − 2 x 2 + 8 x − 16 Functions 3 practice examples 2 Sketch the following functions using steps: 1) f ( x ) = 2 2 x − 8 x − 24 2) g ( x ) = − 4 x 2 − 4 x + 24 3) h(x) = (x − 5)(x + 6) 4) l ( x ) = 2( x − 1) 2 + 5 5) k ( x ) = −4x 2

19

1)

2)

3)

4)

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Functions 3 practice examples 3 y
(-2;9)
7
a
b

x

x  y
(p;q)
5
-4
2

x y
k(x)
5
(2;3)
x

1.1)

1.2)

2.1)

2.2)

2.3)

3.1)

4.1)

4.2)

b(x) = a(x p)

2

+ q

determine a, p and q find distance AB

c(x) = ax

2

+ bx + c

determine a, b and c the other x intercept the y intercept

2

h(x)= a(x p) + q find a, p and q

determine the equation k(x) can k(x) = 0?

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

20

Functions 3 exercise:

Sketch the following:

 1) f ( x ) = 3 2 x − 12 x − 36 2) g ( x ) = − 2 x 2 + 16 x − 24 3) h ( x ) = 1 ( x + 4 )( x − 8 ) 4) j ( x ) = ( x + 5) 2 + 4 5 5) k(x) 3x = 2 + 12x 6) m ( x ) = −5x 2 Functions 4 Hyperbola Functions 4 practice examples 1: Sketch the following: 1) c ( x ) = 3 2) d ( x ) = − 2 − 4 x x + 5 3) e ( x ) = 3 4) f ( x ) = − 2 + 2 x − 1 x Functions 4 exercise: Sketch the following: 1) f ( x ) = − 2 x 2) g ( x ) = 3 x + 2 − 7 3) h ( x ) = 1 4) j ( x ) = − 3 + 2 x − 1 − x

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

21

Functions 5

Exponential

Functions 5 practice examples 1

Sketch the following:

 1) f ( x ) = 2 x 2) g ( ) = 3 x − x 3) h ( x ) = 2 x + 2 4) j ( ) = 4 x x − 3 Functions 5 practice examples 2 Sketch the following: 1) y = 3log 2 x 2) y = log 10 x 3) 5x = 2 y Functions 5 exercise Sketch the following, indicating all intercepts with the axis: 1) f ( x ) = 3 x+ 4 − 3 2) g ( x ) = − (4 x− 3 ) + 2 3) h ( x ) = −2 log 3 x 4) j ( x ) = 2 log 4 x Function 6 Trigonometric graphs Functions 6 practice examples 1: Sketch the following using the table/s provided: 1) y = cos x x -360˚ -270˚ -180˚ -90˚ 0˚ 90˚ 180˚ 270˚ 360˚ y 2) y = tan x x -360˚ -270˚ -180˚ -90˚ 0˚ 90˚ 180˚ 270˚ 360˚ y x -360˚ -315˚ -270˚ -225˚ -180˚ -135˚ -90˚ -45˚ 0˚ y x 45˚ 90˚ 135˚ 180˚ 225˚ 270˚ 315˚ 360˚ y

Functions 6 exercise:

28

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

Calculus 1 Basic differentiation

Calculus 2 practice examples 1

Differentiate using first principals:

1)

2)

f (x) = 3x + 4

=

g (

x

)

4

2

x

+

6

x +

8

Differentiate using any method:

3)

4)

6)

y =

9

2

x

f ( )

x

+

=

18

x

4 +

g (

x

)

=

12

2

x 16
15
10
4
9 x
x
4
6
18 x
+
4
2
3 x
x

Calculus 1 exercise:

Differentiate using first principals:

1)

2)

f (x) = 2x 5

=

g (

x

)

2

2

x

16

x +

7

Differentiate using any method:

3)

4)

7) y =
7
x
2 +
7
x −
12
3
4 −
x
f ( )
x
=
− 15
x
x
3
18 x
+ x
g (
14 +
x
) = −
2 x
+
32
2
45
x x

MATH DVD WORKBOOK

29

Calculus 2

Long division, remainder & factor theorem

1)

2)

3)

1)

2)

3)

4)

4)

Calculus 2 practice examples 1

If (x – 2) is a factor of

g ( )

x

= x

3

x

2

22

x +

40

, solve for g(x) = 0

Use the remainder theorem to find the remainder when f ( ) divided by h (x) = 3x + 4

x

= x

3

6

x

2

+

8

x

5

is

If

m?

f ( )

x

= −

3

x

3

+

4

x

2

mx +

6

is divisible by: g(x) = 2x + 8 , what is the value of

Solve for x:

4.1)

4.2)

g(

h(

)

x )

x

= x

= x

3

4

+

2

7

x

x

2

3

20

x +

x

2

+

7

24

=

x =

0

0

4.3)

4.4)

2

x

x

x

3

4

3

+

+

9

4

f ( )

x

k(

x

)

= x

= x

3

3

+

+

4

x

2

3

x

2

5

Solve for x:

x

2

19

x

42

=

 − 9 = 0 + 3 x +