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ACADEMIA EDEL

KEY WORD TRANSFORMATION


1. What you did was unjustified.
Justification
There was _____________________________ what you did.
2. Many people believe that the stars affect their lives.
Widespread
There is _______________________________ stars affect peoples life.
3. She was so beautiful that the young man looked at her in wonder. Overwhelmed
The young man _____________________________ her beauty.
4. She wanted to get a job in the theatre.
Applied
She ___________________________ in the theatre.
5. As a student, he always got straight As.
Outstanding
He ____________________________ student.
6. The government provides the money for the project.
Funded
The project ______________________ the government
7. They live in a very poor area she said
slums
They live _________________________ she said.
8. The building was badly damaged, so the occupants abandoned it.
Need
The building was badly ____________________, so the occupants abandoned it.
9. The last time I went to a concert was a year ago.
Since
It has _________________ I went to a concert.
10. He did not show any signs of being angry.
Indication
He _______________________________ that he was angry.
11. It was so funny that she laughed.
Help
It was so funny that she _________________ laughing.
12. I cant wait to meet you he said
forward
I _________________________ he said.
13. As he grew older, he became fatter.
Gained
He _________________________ he grew older.
14. All right. We understand what you want to say.
Have
All right. You _________________________ point.
15. Its time you fixed your bicycle she said
needs
Your bicycle ________________________ she said
16. Helen hasnt played tennis since she broke her arm.
Gave
Helen ________________________________ when she broke her arm.
17. In spite of the bad weather, we went on our trip.
Although
We went on our trip ____________________________ bad.
18. She managed to get good marks although she didnt study hard
without
She managed to get good marks _________________________ very hard.
19. Paul said, Lets skip some classes tomorrow?
suggested
Paul ______________________ skip classes the following day.
20. Mother said, Why dont you take some more cake, Harry?
help
Mother said, _________________ some more cake, Harry
21. Who says you are not pretty? I am sure your admirers will keep coming to your front
door.
Path
Who says you are not pretty? I am sure your admirers _____________ to your front
door.
22. You always criticise my behaviour.
Fault
You always __________________________ my behaviour.
23. His older brother forced him to apologise.
Made
His older brother _______________________ apologise.
24. She got very angry when she saw the damage.
Temper
She ____________________ when she saw the damage.
25. Her parents dont allow her to stay out late.
Let
Her parents _______________________ stay out late.

ACADEMIA EDEL
MULTIPLE CHOICE
Ian, who had ____________ twenty kilos in one year, ______________ to admit that he was
_____________ fat and that he needed to go ____________ a diet. When his heart gave him
trouble four months ago, however, he decided to _____________ the amount of food he ate.
He stopped eating sweets, but he could not resist _________ dishes. So to make things
easier for himself, he did not eat with the rest of the family, but ate his meals
______________. The food he ate had very few ____________ , to make it as unappetising
as possible. One day, on his ____________ to work, he heard a mother telling her son, Now
look at how nice and ______________ that man is- you should look like him!
1. a.
2. a.
3. a.
4. a.
5. a.
6. a.
7. a.
8. a.
9. a.
10. a.

Won
Neglected
Very
Over
Deduct
Bitter
Lonely
Spices
Street
Broad

b.
b.
b.
b.
b.
b.
b.
b.
b.
b.

Taken
Refused
To
In
Decrease
Tasteful
Separately
Smells
Road
Skinny

c.
c.
c.
c.
c.
c.
c.
c.
c.
c.

Gained
Forgot
Some
For
Lose
Savoury
Own
Flavouring
Way
Thick

d.
d.
d.
d.
d.
d.
d.
d.
d.
d.

Received
Denied
Little
On
Let
Salty
Partly
Tastes
Route
Slim

One of my most embarrassing moments occurred at school.


Looking back, it now seems quite _________, but at the time I found
humour
myself feeling very ___________. It all began when we were asked
comfort
to ________ to the growth of terrorism in the world. After a class
relation
____________, the teacher asked us to write a composition on_______________
discuss
____________ measures we thought should be taken.
Secure
The truth is, I didnt put much _________ in my composition. When
think
she handed them back, the teacher asked me if I had used any ______ refer
books. I felt quite secure in my _______ of the subject, and so, in my
know
great _________, I thought I could lie. The previous evening I had
ignore
copied down___________ a list of books, which I handed to her. She
fault
broke into laughter. Id given her my mothers shopping list by mistake!
Alexa was ___________ on her bed thinking about the following evening. She was
___________ about her speech, which related ___________ the effects of pollution on the
environment. She was going to talk about the towns beaches, which had __________ been
clean but were now _________ for their high degree of pollution, due to the oil refinery
____________. She knew she would have difficulty ____________ her emotions under
control, but she had to be as objective as possible to deal __________ the questions and the
opposition that she expected to face the next day.
Then she heard the explosion. She rushed outside to see what ___________. She had to
________ several times before her eyes could adjust from the darkness of her room to the
blazing fire outside. The refineries were burning! Her sharp reporters mind was working fast.
Was _________ an act of sabotage, or had the security system been at ________?
The next morning, she almost ___________ the newspaper from the hands of the delivery
boy and carefully read all about the previous nights events. Then her eye was caught by a
_________ news item tucked in the left-hand corner of the third page.
Elmer Fund, who was employed by the oil refineries, has been reported ___________. He
was last seen yesterday evening when he turned _____________ for work at eight oclock.
Any information regarding this man will be appreciated.

ACADEMIA EDEL
Most people would think that the blaze and the disappearance of the man were __________,
but Alexa didnt think so.
1. a. Lounging
b. Laying
c. Lying
d. Longing
2. a. Hardly
b. Quite
c. Little
d. Some
3. a. At
b. With
c. For
d. To
4. a. Sometimes
b. Single
c. Past
d. Once
5. a. Notorious
b. Famous
c. Reputed
d. Popular
6. a. Near
b. Nearby
c. Nearly
d close
7. a. Keeping
b. Holding
c. Getting
d. Handling
8. a. In
b. Out
c. With
d. Up
9. a. Happened
b. Could happen
c. Would happen
d. Was happening
10. a. Look
b. Blink
c. Glare
d. Stare
11. a. There
b. It
c. All
d. That
12. a. Wrong
b. Mistake
c. Fault
d. Error
13. a. Snatched
b. Took
c. Broke
d. Got
14. a. Lengthy
b. Slight
c. Brief
d. Narrow
15. a. Missing
b. Losing
c. Lost
d. Gone
16. a. Out
b. In
c. On
d. Up
17. a. Irrelevant
b. Unrelated
c. Unrelative
d. Disrelevant
VOCABULARY
Read the text below and fill in the blanks with words from the box. There are more words than
you need.
From
of
slim
humour
Patiently
talkative

overweight
tell

broad

appearance
height

impatiently

handsome

yell

Our gym teacher is a tall, muscular man, with big, ____________ shoulders. He looks like an
athlete- in fact, his athletic _____________ makes it obvious that he teaches gym and not
maths! He never loses his temper or speaks ____________. Ive never heard him
____________ off a pupil in front of anyone. Hes a man ____________ about 30, Id say,
and good-looking; the girls say hes _____________. Hes neither fat nor ____________, he
s certainly not ____________ or in need of a diet. He smiles a lot and has a good sense of
____________. The only negative thing Id say about him is that he talks too much, but then
some people like ____________ men.
ERROR CORRECTION
1. The sight of hundreds of people cycling to work is very common in China. In Greece,
2. however, yet few people can be seen on bicycles. Nevertheless, the advantages of
the bicycle
3. as a means of transport in the city are well known.
4. In first of all, there are no traffic or parking problems for the cyclist. Secondly, when a
5. car crash causes a traffic jam, what does the cyclist do? He calmly picks on up his
6. bike, very politely makes his way through the crowd and moves on. By similarly, a
7. no-parking area poses no threat to the cyclist, who knows he will not be given a ticket
for
8. leaning his bicycle against a wall. Finally, it takes up a so little space!
9. There are other advantages. Maintenance is inexpensive. Sums spent on spare parts
as such
10. as a new tyre or a chain are small and infrequent. A bicycle is good not only for its
user

ACADEMIA EDEL
11. but even also for the community.
12. On the an other hand, there are disadvantages to riding a bike. A bike will not protect
the
13. rider from weather conditions or from injury in case of accident. In the conclusion,
14. I still believe the bicycle is probably the most practical of means of transport in the
city.
VERBS FOLLOWED BY THE INFINITIVE OR ING FORM
1. This TV is too expensive for us to buy at the moment._________________Afford
We ___________________________ this TV at the moment.
2. Peters idea was to stay in and watch a movie on TV. Suggested
Peter __________________________ a movie on TV.
3. She forgot to post the letter.
Remember
She ____________________________ the letter.
4. I will never forget lying on the beach in Mykonos. Always
I __________________________ on the beach in Mykonos.
5. I am not on speaking terms with Bruce.
Stopped
I ______________________________ to Bruce.
6. I talked to Mary and then went home.
Stopped
On the way home ___________________ to Mary.
7. Unfortunately, you have not passed the test.
Regret
We ____________________ have not passed the test
8. I wish I had married Mary!
Regret
I ______________________________ Mary.
9. We could hear voices next door.
Talking
We __________________________ next door.
10. Id appreciate it if you were a bit quieter
try
Could _______________________ less noise, please?
REPORTED SPEECH
1.

I didnt steal the money from the till said the boy
stolen
The boy _________________________ the money from the till.
2. I have never killed anyone, said the accused
ever
The accused denied that he _____________________ anyone.
3. Who ate the cake? she asked.
Had
She wanted _________________________ the cake.
4. Freuds book was not the first one about dreams, said the lecturer.
Written
The lecturer explained that books about dreams ______________ Freuds book.
5. Do you ever have nightmares in which youre falling from a great height? Dreamt
She asked him whether ____________ about falling from a great height
6. He must pay his bill soon said Jill
pay
She said ________________ his bill soon.
7. The psychiatrist asked her what she had dreamt about the night before.
Dream
What __________________ night? asked the psychiatrist.
8. You mustnt work so hard, said the doctor to Katy.
Not
The doctor advised _________________ hard.
9. He promised he would come on time in future.
Late
I promise __________________________ now on he said.
10. She asked them the way to the station
way
Could ___________________ to the station? she asked.

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