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By

Mrs. Saumya Srivastava

Topics to be covered
Impact of Emerging Technologies
Artificial Intelligence
Biometrics
Vision Enhancement
Robotics
Quantum Cryptography
Computer Assisted Translation
3D and Holographic Imaging
Virtual Reality
RFID
Concept Keyboard & Driving Wheel
The Future of Optical Media
Updating data on Magnetic Tapes
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Artificial intelligence
AI is a computer science that is focused on creating

computer systems that simulate human intelligence.

AI is the intelligence exhibited by machines or

software.

AI is being developed in the following areas:


Game Playing: Strategy Games
Expert Systems: Diagnostic &
Decision Making Systems
Natural Language Processing
Robotics

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

AI Impacts on everyday life


Accurate Prediction of Weather: To predict

approaching storms & automatically issue warnings.


Increased Leisure Time: Robotic instruments automate
work and reduce time spent. Eg Automated Vacuum
Cleaners.
Increased Personal Safety: Home Alarm Systems can
protect from intruders.
Improved Medical Care: Robotic surgery assistants and
Diagnostic expert systems provide improved care.
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

BIOMETRICS
Biometrics refers to technologies that measure and

analyze human body characteristics for authentication


purposes.
Body Characteristics Used:
DNA
Fingerprints
Eye Retinas
Irises
Voice Patterns

Facial Patterns
Hand Measurements

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

BIOMETRICS Impacts on everyday life


Better Airport Security: Iris recognition can be used for

travellers.

Increased Building Security: Fingerprint access to

building and secure areas ensure entry only to authorized


people.
Reduced Car Theft: Registered fingerprints are used to
unlock cars and start the engine.
More secure smartphones & computers: Fingerprints
and face recognition can be used to identify the true
owner.
Identifying DNA patterns for identifying criminals.
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

BIOMETRICS Applications
Biometric Time Clocks or Biometric time and attendance

systems.
Biometric safes and biometric locks.
Biometric access control systems
Biometrics airport security devices

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Vision enhancement
Vision Enhancement is ability to see objects with

enhanced clarity and various effects.


It is of two types
Low Vision Enhancement Systems (LVES): It improves
the vision by projecting clearer and larger images and
videos in a headset.
Night Vision Enhancement (NVE): Amplifies infrared
and visible light so that images can be seen in darkness.
Thermo graphic cameras are also used to detect heat
coming from various objects.

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

ve Impacts on everyday life


Military surveillance at night can help in detecting any

intrusion across borders.


Safer transport and reduced accidents at night.
Providing clear vision to people with very weak eyesight.
To research wildlife activities at night.

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

robotics
Robots are automated machines that can take the place of

humans in dangerous environments or manufacturing


processes.
Robotics deals with the design, construction, operation,
and application of robots.
Four types of Robots:
Manufacturing Robots
Carrier Robots
Domestic Robots
Exploration Robots
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

robotics Impacts on
everyday life
Faster, cheaper and efficient manufacturing.
Increased unemployment.
Safer working environments: Robots can be used to

defuse bombs and study volcanic activities, thus reducing


loss of human life.
Improved Medical Surgeries: Robotic assistants are used
during surgery to perform complex operations that have
to be done with precision.
Increased Personal and Leisure time for humans as most
work is done by Robots.
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Robotics - applications
Medical: Robotic Surgery Assistants
Military: Use of drones for surveillance.
Home Applications: Automated vacuum cleaners and

other home appliances.


Electric Mobility: Automated vehicles. Eg Self
parking cars, driverless trains.

Space Research and Extra Terrestrial Exploration:

Eg Mars exploration rover

Search, Rescue & Security Robots: To support rescue

and security team during disasters.


Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Quantum cryptography
Cryptography is the science of making a message

unintelligible to any unauthorized user.

Quantum Cryptography is a technique that allows data to

be sent with complete privacy by using photons for


encryption instead of mathematical techniques.
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

QC Impacts on everyday life


Completely Secure:
Voting: Votes cannot be tampered with
Communication: Specially military and confidential
communication.
Bank Transfers: All money transactions over the internet
can be made more secure.
Personal information: Health records, bank details,
biometrics can be kept secure from intruders.

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Computer assisted
translation (CAT)
CAT is a form of language translation in which a human

translator uses computer software to support and


facilitate the translation process.
Eg - Language search engine software (Google translate)

Tools used:
Terminology Databases: They grow and learn from
translations been carried out.
Translation Memories: Insert known translations
automatically.
Spell Checkers: To correct errors.
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Cat impacts on everyday life


Development of a more multi-lingual society.

Quicker & more efficient translations


More accurate translated documents with the help of

spell checkers.

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

3d & holographic imaging


Holography is a technology that allows 3-D images to be

produced.

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

3D & HI impacts on everyday life


Greater data storage using holographic computer

memories. A crystal the size of sugar cube can store up


to 1TB.
Better movie and gaming experience with the use of
special effects.
Improved medical diagnostics: Medical imaging tools are
used to see internal structures of the body.
Improved Security: Credit cards, ID cards, software CDs,
bank notes include holograms to prevent forged
duplicacy.
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Virtual reality
Computers & software are used to create artificial

environments that seem like interacting with real world.


Tools used:
Data goggles

Sensor suits
Data gloves
Data helmets

Special headsets

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

vr impacts on everyday life


Improved Medical Surgeons who are trained using

virtual patients.
Larger & Stronger buildings as VR allows architects to
walk around their designs.
More effective treatment of phobias.
Training of military personnel in dangerous situations.
More realistic education can be provided to students.
Improved gaming experience
Training pilots using simulators and VR tools.
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

VR - Applications
Military
Education
Healthcare

Entertainment
Fashion
Real Estate
Scientific Visualization
Heritage

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Rfid Radio frequency identification


RFID Readers use radio waves to read and capture

information stored on a tag.


RFID Tag stores digital data. It comprises of 2 parts:
Microchip: To store & process information
Antenna: To receive & transmit data

RFID tags can be read up to 300 feet away.


Tags are battery powered or passive.

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Rfid - USes
Livestock Tracking: RFID tags are so small that they can

be put under the skin of animals.


Used as a substitute of barcode in Retail Stores to read
product information and track them.
Admission passes: RFID cards can be used to track
people and store information like height or age in theme
parks.
Libraries: Faster tracking of books in and out of the
library.
Used to identify pets.
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

rfid
Disadvantages

Advantages
No line of sight contact needed.

Tag collision can occur during

Very robust & reliable.

bulk detection.
Radio waves are easier to jam
or interrupt.
Easy to hack into the data on
the tag.
Expensive than barcode
readers.

Very fast read rate.


Data can be read from larger

distances.
RFID tags are writeable, read &
write operations can be done.
Bulk detection is possible.
Are very small & can be placed
under the skin.
Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Driving Wheel

Concept Keyboard
Use icons & phrases instead of

Input device used a for steering.

standard keys
Used in restaurants where keys
represent food items.
Advantages:
Provide faster data entry.
Waterproof keyboards.
Tamper proof.
Disadvantages:
Cannot be used for text or
numeric input.
Limited options available.

Uses:
Game playing (Car racing)
Simulators (Driving classes)
Advantages:
Easier to use due to steering.
Real life driving experience.
Disadvantages:
Expensive compared to
joystick.
Very sensitive movements can
cause difficulty to operate.

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Future of optical media


The way floppy disks got extinct during early 21st

century, same fate lies for optical media in coming years.


Reasons:
Lower access and transfer rates of optical media.
Optical media get easily damaged due to scratches &

moving parts.
New computers do not have CD/DVD drives.
Flash memory & Cloud storage are slowly taking over the
storage world.

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10

Updating data on magnetic tape

Utpal Shanghvi School

ICT

Class 10