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Network Operating Systems

UT1. INTRODUCTION

Network Operating Systems


INDEX
1. NETWORK OPERATING SYSTEMS

2. C/S ARCHITECTURE
3. NOS FEATURES
4. WINDOWS SERVER
5. FACTORS TO BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT WHEN
PICKING UP A NOS.
6. THE ADMINISTRATOR

Network Operating Systems

1. NETWORK OPERATING SYSTEM

Keeps two or more computers in touch through a


physical, or not, device with the objective of sharing
information and system resources.
The OS can be divided in two classes:

Client/Server Architecture (C/S)

The net is controlled by the main server.

Peer-to-peer model

There is no main server.

The main features of this kind of OS are:

They share their own resources with other machines.

They support several users at the same time.

Centralized management of resources.

Centralized management of users.

Centralized management of users privileges and permissions.

Tools for detecting network deficiencies.

Network Operating Systems

2. C/S ARCHITECTURE (I)

A server is a computer which allows to share


its
resources
with
other
computers
connected to it.
Servers Classification:

File server: shares files in the net

Printer Server: shares printers

Network Operating Systems

2. C/S ARCHITECTURE (II)

Servers Classification:

Mail server

Web Server

FTP Server

Communication Server: Its used to


improve communications along the net.

Network Operating Systems

2. C/S ARCHITECTURE (III)

Servers Classification:

Proxy Server: it monitors and controls the


accesses between nets.

Data base server: provides data base


services to the applications or users.

Network Operating Systems

2. C/S ARCHITECTURE (IV)

Net layout:

Network Operating Systems

2. C/S ARCHITECTURE (V)

Network components:

Server:

Dedicated: it manages the net.


Not dedicated: it can be used as a
work station (not very advisable)

Work station:

The other computers in the net.

They access to servers and resources.

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3. NOS FEATURES (I)

Users management

Creation, modification, erasing groups or


users.

Administrar permisos de usuario

Network management

Tools for controlling the net.

Resources sharing and I/O devices.

Printer...

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3. NOS FEATURES (II)

File management

I.e.: controls the access to the same file in


order to not corrupt it.

Hard disk space:

Private: Only owner

Shared: Some users

Public: all users

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CARACTERSTICAS DIFERENCIADORAS DE LOS SISTEMAS


OPERATIVOS EN RED (servidores)
Symmetrical multiprocessor
Fault tolerance mechanisms
They allow the clients to use their hardware and resources.
Client/server model
Protection of data mechanisms.
Centralized administration.
Distributed and redundant mechanisms of data storing
High performance
Monitoring tools

Network Operating Systems

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4. WINDOWS SERVER

Works on the domain model

Group of computers (servers and


clients) which share a security policy
and a common data base (Active
Directory)
Each domain must be unique.

Network Operating Systems

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4. WINDOWS SERVER

Inside a domain, there are two kinds of


servers:

Domain controller: It stores the active


directory (e.g. Users accounts)
Member server: stores files and other
resources.

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4. WINDOWS SERVER

- Main services:

Security: Permissions, accounts...

Resource sharing

Printer services

Network services

Interoperability with other systems

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5. FACTORS TO BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT WHEN


PICKING UP A NOS.

Open source or proprietary


License
Services
Scalability
Living time between versions
Reliability
Fault tolerance and protection system.
Expenses and degree of satisfaction with the
technical support.

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5. FACTORS TO BE TAKEN INTO ACCOUNT WHEN


PICKING UP A NOS.

Hardware where it is going to be installed on.


Performance
Degree of knowledge from the technicians
in the firm.
Ease of use.
Security.
Possibilities of virtual hosting.
Centralized service management.

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6. THE ADMINISTRATOR

He must know about:

Operating systems.
Networks
Programming
Security

Main tasks:

Keep a good service (hardware and software)


High security level
Deal with users, problem solving...
Management of users and services.
Network management.
Doing regular backups

Etc.