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CS (MAIN) EXAM, 2015

I-SPF-A-CSM-15

1-A

GENERAL STUDIES (PAPER 1 A)


India and World Geography and Indian Society
Maximum Marks : 250

Time Allowed : Three Hours

QUESTION PAPER SPECIFIC INSTRUCTION


(Please read each of the following instructions carefully before attempting questions)
There are TWENTY-FIVE questions divided in two Sections and printed both in HINDI and in
ENGLISH.
All the question are compulsory.
The number of marks carried by a question/part is indicated against it.
Asnwers must be written in the medium authorized in the Admission Certificate which must
be stated clearly on the cover of this Question-cum-Answer (QCA) Booklet in the space
provided. No marks will be given for answers written in a medium other than the authorized
one.
Word limit in questions, wherever specified, should be adhered to.
Any page or portion of the page left black in the Question-cum-Answer Booklet must be
clearly struck off.

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Answer all the questions in NOT MORE than 200 words each.
Content of the answer is more important than its length. All questions carry equal marks:
10x25=250

1.
1.

Give an account of the direct and indirect sources which tell us about the conditions and structure of interior of the
earth.

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2
2

(a).

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(a). In the context of seismic waves inside the earth, what is a shadow zone? Also state the significance of this zone.

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(b).
(b).

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Enumerate various intrusive and extrusive volcanic landforms with suitable diagrams.

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3.

3.

Accelerated pace of resource utilisation with the help of modern technology has created ecological imbalance in the
world. Hence, a better understanding of physical environment and engaging in practices which are in harmony with the
nature are absolutely essential for sustainable development. Comment.

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4.

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4.

The geographical phenomena change over time as a result of the interactive processes between ever changing earth and
untiring and ever-active human beings. Human is an integral part of nature and nature has the imprints of human.
Discuss.

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(a).

(a).

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With suitable diagrams describe the configuration of ocean floor. Briefly describe the features of mid-oceanic
ridges.

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(b)
(b).

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Briefly explain the theory of seafloor spreading and also explain how it is different from the continental drift
hypothesis of Wegener.

11

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6.
6.

l
Discuss some social and cultural determinants of infant mortality rate. Give your suggestions to prevent girl
infanticide.

12

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7.
7.

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l
Demographic dividend can be converted into actual growth only if the rise in the working age group is accompanied by
increasing levels of education and employment. Comment.

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8.
8.


l
Landslides have become frequent hazards in the Himalayan regions. Examine the causes of these landslides and
measures needed to mitigate them.

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9.
9.

l
Make an account of effects of soil erosion on the environment and also enumerate the methods used in soil conservation.

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10.

10.

What do you understand by Western Disturbances? How do they originate and what effect they have on Indias
economy? Discuss.

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11.
11.

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Depleting groundwater levels is said to be the biggest threat to rural livelihoods and food security in India. Examine the
causes of groundwater depletion, its effects and remedies to halt its further depletion.

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12.
12.

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In India the incidence of heat wave is on the rise mainly due to anthropologically induced climate change and related
factors. What measures should be taken to deal with the adverse effects of it?

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13.
13.


l
Discuss the influence of socio-cultural factors on family planning in India and on the declining sex-ratio in some states
of India.

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14.
14.


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The tide of women empowerment can sweep across India not by shouting slogans but only when it originates in the
Indian households. Analyze the statement.

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15.


15.

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Civil society in India seeks to find remedies for the citizens aggrieved from prevalent ills in the socio-economic-political
sphere, but in the recent times it has been facing questions on its legitimacy and credibility. Analyze critically.

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16.

16.

l
What are the factors which influence the climate of India? Also explain the mechanism and characteristics of Indian
Monsoon.

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17.
17.

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Tertiary and quaternary industries will play crucial role in making India a global economic power. What are the
locational factors in the growth of tertiary and quaternary industries?

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18.
18.

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In the recent times India has seen a rapid growth and development of automobile industry. What are the possible factors
which have caused this growth? Explain.

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19.

19.

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1
The constitutional safeguards for the minorities in India have ensured that they feel at par with the majority groups, but
the Indian society in general has still not presented itself as a protector of the minorities. Do you agree with the
statement? Give your views.

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20.
20.

l
Explain with suitable diagram/s the process of formation of Northern Plains of India. Briefly explain its divisions and its
importance to Indias economy.

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21.
21.

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Arctic ocean is the reservoir which has the potential to solve the resource crisis of world. Critically examine the potential
impact of exploring various resources under the melting Arctic ice.

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22.

22.

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Chronic underdevelopment complemented by ethnic and cultural diversity has fuelled the peril of regionalism in India.
Giving in to the demands of supporters of regionalism has serious effects on the socio-political structure of India.
Critically analyze.

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23.

23.

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In recent times civil society has been demanding the criminalization of marital rape but popular opinion considers it not
in the Indian context due to illiteracy, poverty, social customs, religious beliefs, and other factors. Do you agree with this
view? Critically analyse.

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24.

24.

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Despite the significant changes in Indian society with modernity, it is an irony that there is an emergence of Godmen and
God-women not only in rural areas but also in urban metropolitan centres. What are the reasons behind this
phenomenon? Also enumerate its socio-economic consequences.

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25.

25.



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The reservation policy has been used in the State mainly in vote bank politics played around the castes and has failed in
including the people at the bottom in the mainstream economy and society. Critically analyze. What can be the measures
to make it inclusive and more effective?

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