1.2K vues

Transféré par nuddin123

- CAPE Pure Maths Unit 1 Paper 1 2008-2017
- Alevel C1C2
- Alevel_S1
- Alevel_M1
- IGCSE chemistry 2005 summer
- Combined Past Paper Questions on Excretion and Homeostasis
- Alevel_M2
- Alevel_S2
- electromagnetic crane simple.pdf
- Edexcel IGCSE Human Biology Answers
- Alevel FP1
- Alevel FP2new
- Biology- igcse- past paper
- 0620_w09_ms_31
- Alevel_D2
- AS Level Physics | Unit 1 Revision Guide
- Trigonometry Formulas
- IGCSE Biology: Practice Essay Questions B
- Biology A2 Notes
- June 2004MS p2

Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 59

1

1.

1 +

5

x 2 (x 2)(x + 1)

2.

1 +

5

=1

x 2 (x 2)(x + 1)

2

(a) Simplify x2 x 6

x 2x 3

ln3(x2 - x - 6) - ln3(x2 - 2x - 3) = 2

3.

4(x + 1)

3x 4 + x 3 11x 2 px 2 + qx + r +

2

(

x

2)(x + 2)

x 4

4.

5.

(b) Using your graph or otherwise, solve the inequality

|x - 2| > |x| + 1

6.

f: x

|2x - 4|, x R.

(a) Sketch the graph of y = f(x). Give the coordinates of all points where the

graph meets the coordinate axes.

(b) Solve the equation f(x) = x

(c) Find the coordinates of the points of intersection of the graphs of

y = f(x) and y = |x|

7.

y

y = +x + 3

(b) Find the values of

(i) ff -1(2)

(ii) ff(1).

Give the coordinates of points where the graph meets the axes.

Core C3

8.

f(x) = 1 3,

x R, x > 0

1 ,

x3

x R, x > 0.

g(x) =

(i) f(x)

(ii) g(x).

(b) Find the inverse functions f -1(x) and g -1(x), stating the domain and range

of each inverse.

(c) Describe in detail the transformation which transforms the graph of

y = 1 into the graph of

(i) y = f(x)

(ii) y = g(x).

(d) Find the functions fg(x) and gf(x), simplifying your answers as far

as possible.

Write down the domain of fg(x) and the domain of gf(x).

9.

y

4

(i) y = 4 f(x)

(ii) y = 1 f(x 4)

2

(b) Write the coordinates of the image of point P on each of your diagrams.

10.

The curve passes through the points P(4, 6), Q(-4, -6) and the origin O.

y

6

(a) y = f(|x|)

(b) y = |f(x)|

(2

(c) y = f 1 x 1

On each of your diagrams, give the coordinates of the images of points P and Q.

Core C3

11.

3x2 - 1, x R,

f: x

g: x

2 ,

x 1

x R, x 1

(a) Find the inverse function g-1, stating its domain and range.

(b) Show that the composite function fg is

fg: x

11 + 2x x 2

(x 1)2

(c) Find the coordinates of the points where the graph y = fg(x) cuts the x-axis,

giving your answers correct to 2 decimal places.

(d) Find the equations of the two vertical asymptotes on the graph of the

composite function y = gf(x).

Core C3

1

Question

Number

1 a

2 a

b

Solution

Marks

(x + 1) + 5

(x + 6)

=

(x 2)(x + 1) (x 2)(x + 1)

M1 (common

denominator)

M1 (numerator)

x + 6 = (x - 2)(x + 1)

x + 6 = x2 - x - 2

0 = x2 2x - 8

0 = (x 4)(x + 2)

x = 4 or x = -2

A1

M1 (expand)

M1 (simplify)

M1 (factorise)

A1

7

(x 3)(x + 2) (x + 2)

=

(x 3)(x + 1)

(x + 1)

M1 (factorise)

A1

( x + 1)

log3 x + 2 = 2

x+2 =9

x +1

x + 2 = 9x + 9 x = 7

8

3x 2 + x + 1

x 2 4 3x 4 + x 3 11x 2 with remainder 4x + 4

p = 3, q = 1, r = 1

M1 (simplify

log)

M1 (remove log)

M1

A1

6

M1 (long div, at

least one correct

step)

M1 A1 A1

4

2x - 1 = x + 3 x = 4

M1 A1

2x - 1 = -(x + 3) 3x = -2 x = - 2

3

M1 A1

4

5 a

y = |x| + 1

G1

G1

y = |x 2|

1

O

x<1

2

B1 ft

3

Core C3

6 a

G1

B1 ft

b

2x 4 = x x = 4

M1 A1

2x 4 = -x x = 4

M1 A1

(3 3)

(4, 4) and 4 , 4

A1 ft

6

7 a

y = x+3

y2 = x + 3

x = y2 3 f -1(x) = x2 - 3

i

ii

f -1(2) = 1\ f (1) = 2

f -1(1) = 2 \ f (2) = 5

y

M1

M1

A1

M1 A1 ft

M1 A1

G1

B1 ft

y = f(x)

y = f(x)

Core C3

8 a

f (x) > -3

B1

3

B1 B1

y+3= 1 x =

x

1 f 1(x) = 1

y+3

x+3

M1 A1

A1

y (x 3) = 1 x = 1 + 3 g 1(x) = 1 + 3

M1 A1

A1

Translation vector

3

ii

Translation vector

0

1

3 = (x 3) 3 = x 6 Domain x \, x

1

(x 3)

1

1

gf (x) =

Domain x \, x

=

= x

1

6

1 6x

(

x

)

1 3 3

x

x

fg(x) =

9 a

E1

E1

>0

M1 A1

A1

1, x > 0

6

M1 A1

A1

17

4

8

ii

y

2

10 x

Core C3

10 a

y

Q

y

Q

y=

11 a

2 x 1 = 2 x = 2 + 1 so g 1(x) = 2 + 1

x 1

y

y

x

M1 A1

A1 A1

Domain: x R, x 0

( x 2 1) 1 = 12 (x (x1) 1)

2

2

= 11 + 2x 2 x

fg(x) = 3

11 + 2x x2 = 0

Using quadratic formula, x = -2.464 or x = 4.464

Coordinates: (-2.464, 0)(4.464, 0)

g f (x) =

2

= 22

(3x 1) 1 3x 2

2

(x 1)

M1 (substitute)

M1 (simplify)

A1

M1

M1 A1

A1

M1 A1

M1

x= 2

A1

15

Core C3

Exam-style assessment

2

1.

Trigonometry

(a) Given that cos q = 2 and q is acute, find the value of sin 2q as a surd.

3

2q 1

tan q sec 2q

(c) Prove the identity 1 sincos

4q

2

2.

where R > 0 and a is acute. State the values of R and a.

(b) Describe in detail the two transformations which transform the graph of

y = cos x into the graph of y = 9cos x - 12sin x

(c) State the minimum value of 9cos x - 12sin x

Give the smallest positive value of x at which this minimum value occurs.

(d) Solve the equation 9cos x - 12sin x = 5 for 0 < x < 360

Give your solutions correct to the nearest 0.1.

3.

cos q cos 2q 1

cos 2q + 1

Hence, find the exact value of tan 22 1 as a surd.

2

4.

1 + cos x + sin x

2cosec x

sin x

1 + cos x

1 + cos x + sin x = 2 2

sin x

1 + cos x

5.

for 0 - x - 2p.

(a) Find the equation of the tangent to C at the point where x = 0.

Find the coordinates of the point A where the tangent cuts the x-axis.

(b) Express y in the form Rcos(2x + a)

where R > 0 and a is an acute angle.

Give the value of a in radians correct to 4 significant figures.

(c) Point B is the point of intersection of the curve C and the x-axis which is closest to the origin.

Find the coordinates of B, correct to 3 significant figures.

(d) Find the distance AB.

Core C3

6.

(9 )

(b) Prove the identity

sin 2q

tan q

1 + cos 2q

3cos 2q = sin 2q 3 for 0 < q < 360.

7.

2 tan x

1 + tan 2 x

(12 ) = 2

8.

2sin A sin B = cos(A - B) - cos(A + B)

p

4

sin 2x sin x dx

(c) Find the values of x at all the stationary points on the curve

y = sin 2xsin x for 0 < x < 360.

Core C3

Trigonometry

Question

Number

Solution

Marks

1 a

cosq = 2 sin q =

3

5

3

M1 A1

()

3 3

b

c

2 a

3(2sin q cos q)

= 5 6sin q = 5 sin q = 5 q = 56.4

6

cos q

M1 A1

M1

M1 A1

1 cos2q 1 (1 2sin 2 q)

2sin 2 q

=

=

sin 4q

2sin 2q cos2q

4 sinq cos q cos 2q

sin q

=

= 1 tan q sec 2q

2 cos q cos 2q 2

M1 (numerator)

M1 (denom.)

M1 (simplify)

A1

11

R=

M1 A1 (R)

92 + 122 = 15

( )

a = cos1 12 = 53.1

9

M1 A1 (a)

b

B1 ft

x + 53.1 = 180 \ x = 126.9

B1

M1 A1

M1 A1

x = 17.4, 236.4

A1

11

Core C3

3 a

sin q (1 2cos q)

=

2

cos q (2cos q 1) 1

cos q 2cos2 q

cos q (1 2cos q)

M1 (substitute)

M1 (numerator)

M1 (denom.)

A1

2

3cos 2q

q) 3

= 3(1 2sin

= sec2 q 3 tan 2 q

2

2

cos 2q + 1

2cos q

= 3 (1 + tan 2 q) 3tan 2 q = 3 3 tan 2 q

2

2 2

3 3 tan 2 q = 2 tan q + 2 3 tan 2 q + 4 tan q + 1 = 0

2 2

(3 tan q + 1)(tan q + 1) = 0 tan q = 1 or 1

3

M1 (use of

identities)

M1 (simplify)

A1

M1 (equate and

simplify)

M1

A1 A1

Some correct solutions and no incorrect score A1 A0]

c

tan 2q = 2 tan q2

1 tan q

and tan 45 = 1

B1 B1

M1

A1

A1

16

4 a

=

sin x (1 + cos x)

sin x(1 + cos x))

= 2(1 + cos x) = 2cosecx

sin x (1 + cos x)

2 = 2 2 sin x = 1 x = p , 3p

sin x

4 4

2

M1 (single

fraction)

M1 (identities)

M1 (simplify)

A1

M1 A1 (both)

6

5 a

dy

= 10 sin (2x) 24 cos(2x)

dx

At x = 0 dy = 24, y = 5

dx

M1 A1

( 24 )

M1 A1

y - 5 = -24(x - 0) y = -24x + 5 A is 5 , 0 .

M1 A1

R = 52 + 122 = 13

M1 A1

M1 A1

A1

M1

x = 0.1974 B(0.197, 0)

A1

M1 A1

(5)

24

15

Core C3

6 a

3 sin x + 1 cos x = 2 1 cos x 3 sin x

2

2

2

2

M1

3 3 sin x = 1 cos x

2

2

sin x = 1 = 1 3 x = arctan 1 3

9

cos x 3 3 9

( )

2sin q cos q

= sin q = tan q

1 + (2cos2 q 1) cos q

LHS =

3cos 2q + 3 = sin 2q 3 =

M1

M1

M1 A1

M1 (identities)

M1 (simplify)

A1

sin 2q

(= tan q)

cos 2q + 1

M1

M1 A1 A1

12

7 a

2 sin x

2 sin x

2 sin x cos2 x

cos

cos x

x

=

=

RHS =

2

cos x

cos2 x + sin 2 x

1 + sin 2 x

2

cos x

cos x

b

(6)

sin p = 1

2

2 tan x

= 1

2

1 + tan 2 x

M1

Using the quadratic formula gives: tan x = 2 3

(12 )

(4)

(12 )

M1 (removing

tan)

M1 (simplify

fractions)

M1 A1

M1 A1

M1 A1

(12 ) = 2

c

cos2x = sin 2x =

tan 2x

2 tan x

1 tan 2 x 1 tan 2 x

=

2 tan x

1 + tan 2 x

1 + tan 2 x

A1

M1

M1 A1

13

Core C3

8 a

= 2sin Asin B

1

2

p

4

0

2

p

p

4

(cos x - cos3x)dx

dy

= sin 2xcos x + 2cos 2xsin x = 0

dx

sin x(2cos2 x + 4cos2 x - 2) = 0

2sin x(3cos2 x 1) = 0

sin x = 0 (0), 180, (360)

cos2 x = 1 cos x = 1 x = 54.7, 125.3, 234.7, 305.3

3

M1 A1

4

= 1 sin x 1 sin 3x = 1 1 1 0 = 1 = 2

0

2

3

2 2 3 2

6

3 2

M1 M1

A1

M1 M1 A1

M1 A1

M1 (identities)

M1 (simplify)

A1

M1 A1

M1

A1 A1

[Allow 0 and 360 for sin x. Incomplete list of solutions for cos x

with no incorrect ones scores A1 A0]

18

Core C3

Exam-style assessment

3

1.

(a) 22x = 5

(b) log10 (x + 1) = 1 + log10 x

2

2.

at the point where the curve intersects the y-axis.

(b) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve y = 4 x ln(2x)

at the point on the curve where x = 1.

2

Prove that this tangent intersects the x-axis at the point where x = ln e 3

( )

3.

(a) Find the inverse function f -1(x) of the function f(x) = 3x-1

(b) The curve C has the Cartesian equation y = 3x-1

dy

By writing lny in terms of x, find an expression for

in terms of x.

dx

(c) Find the exact value of the gradient of C at the point (3, 9).

Find the equation of the tangent to C at the point (3, 9) in the form

y = mx + c where m and c are given to 1 decimal place.

4.

where t is the number of years after the year 2010.

(a) Find the expected population in 2015 to the nearest 100.

(b) Find the rate of growth of the population in 2015.

(c) In what year is it expected that the population will be double the size of

what the population was in 2000?

5.

T C falls over a time of t minutes according to this equation:

T = 20 + 800e-0.1t, t . 0.

(a) Find the temperature of the boiler at the instant when it is switched off.

(b) How long does it take, to the nearest tenth of a minute, for the boilers

temperature to fall to 400 C?

(c) What is the rate at which the temperature is falling 5 minutes after the boiler

has been switched off? Give your answer in C degrees per minute

to 3 significant figures.

(d) As t increases, what is the limiting value of T ?

Core C3

6.

It intersects the axes at points A and B, as shown on this diagram.

y

4

A

B

x

O

1

(a) Evaluate

0

(c) Show that the equation of the tangent to C at A is y = 2x + 2

Find the equation of the tangent to C at B.

(d) Show that the point of intersection of the two tangents is at a point with

coordinates that can expressed in the form (1 - 2ln k, 4 - 4ln k).

State the value of k.

7.

Sea urchins are being studied and their population P is expected to grow according to

this equation where t is the number of years from the start of the study:

t

4

P = l el t ,

1 + 100 e 4

t . 0.

(a) The initial number of sea urchins is 50. Find the value of l.

(b) Use the equation to find how many years it is expected to be before the

population rises to 90.

(c) Find the rate at which the population is increasing at the start of the study.

(d) What is the limiting value of P as t increases?

Core C3

Question

Number

Solution

1 a

ln (22x) = ln 5 2x = ln 5 = 1.16

M1

A1

log(x + 1) log x = 1

M1

Marks

ln 2

(x)

log x + 1 = 1 x + 1 = 10 2

M1 (combining

logs)

M1

x + 1 = x 10

1 = x 10 x x =

c

1

= 0.462

10 1

M1 A1

ln (2sin xcos x) = 0

M1 (combining

logs)

M1 (identity)

sin 2x = 1

2x = p x = p

2

2 a

M1 A1

11

x = 0, y = 2

B1

2

dy

= 4xe x 2

2x + 1

dx

dy

At x = 0,

= 2 y = 2x + 2

dx

M1 A1

M1 A1

x = 1, y = 4 ln 2

dy

=

dx

1

2x 2

B1

M1 A1

At x = 1 dy = 1 y (4 ln 2) = x 1

M1

y = x + (3 ln 2)

A1

dx

At y = 0, x = ln 2 3 = ln 2 ln (e3) = ln 23

e

M1 A1

12

Core C3

3 a

y = 3x-1

M1 (use of log)

ln y = ln (3x 1) x 1 = ln y f 1(x) = ln x + 1

y = 3x-1

M1

A1

M1 A1

so ln y = (x - 1)ln 3

M1 A1 (y)

ln 3

ln 3

1 dy = ln 3

y dx

A1

dy

So dx = y ln3

= 3x-1ln 3

At (3, 9):

dy

= ln 3(32) = 9ln 3, y = 9

dx

M1 A1

B1

M1 A1

13

4 a

b

M1 A1

dt

At t = 5, dP = 552.6 people per year

dt

M1 A1

B1

M1

t = ln (1.637...) = 24.657...

M1 A1

A1

ln 0.02

M1 A1

11

5 a

b

20 + 800e0 = 820 C

M1 A1

0.1t

( 800 )

800

M1

M1 A1

dt

dt

M1 (derivative)

M1 A1

e 0.1t 0 as t T 20 C

M1 A1

10

Core C3

6 a

0

(4 2e x)dx = 4x + 2e x = (4 + 2e 1) (0 + 2) = 2 + 2e 1

0

At A, x = 0: y = 4 2 = 2

A(0, 2)

At B, y = 0: 4 = 2e x x = ln 2 x = ln 2

c

M1 A1

B(-ln2, 0)

M1 A1

dy

= 2e1 At x = 0, dy = 2

dx

dx

M1 (derivative)

y 2 = 2(x 0) y = 2x + 2

M1 A1

At x = -ln 2, dy = 2e ( ln 2) = 4

M1

M1 A1

M1 A1

k=2

A1

A1 (soi)

dx

M1

M1 A1

17

t

7 a

le 4

50 =

50 + l e 4 = l e 4

t

2

1 + l e4

100

t

100 = l e 4 at t = 0 e 4 = 1, l = 100

t

M1

M1 A1

4

90 = 100e t 90 + 90e 4 = 100e 4

1 + e4

M1

M1 A1

M1

1

dP = 25e (1 + e ) 4 e (100e )

t

dt

(1 + e 4 )2

M1

25(2) 1 (100)

4

At t = 0, dP =

= 6.25

M1 A1

t

4

t

4

t

4

dt

t

4

t

4

As t , P 100e , so P 100

t

e4

M1 A1

12

Core C3

Exam-style assessment

4

1.

Differentiation

2

(ii) 3x

(i) x4e2x

(b) Find

cos x

dy

in terms of y when

dx

(i) x = sin2 y

2.

(iii) sin3 x

(iii) x = ay

x

1 + x2

2

2

(b) Prove that d y2 = 2x(3 2x3)

(1 + x )

dx

(c) Determine the limiting value of y as x

(d) Sketch the graph of y =

3.

x

1 + x2

(a) Find the exact values for the coordinates of point P.

(b) Find the equation of the tangent to the graph at P and the equation of the normal

to the graph at P.

(c) The tangent and the normal intersect the x-axis at the points Q and R respectively.

Show that the area of triangle PQR is 5(ln 2)2.

4.

(2)

y

(2

(a) Prove that the curve has a minimum value at the point 1 , ln 4 3 1 .

2

(b) The curve intersects the x-axis at points L and M. Show that the x-value for

point L lies between 0.01 and 0.05.

2x 4

(c) Show that xn +1 = 2e n can be used as an iterative formula to solve the equation

2

(2)

2x 2 ln x 4 = 0

(d) Taking x0 = 1, find the values of x1, x2, x3 and x4.

Hence, write down the x-coordinate of point L correct to 3 decimal places.

Core C3

5.

after midnight is given by

(6

h = 5 + 3 cos p t p

(b) (i) What is the greatest depth of the river at P?

(ii) What is the first time after midnight when the greatest depth occurs?

(c) Find the rate of change of depth of water at point P at 3 a.m.

6.

2

(ii) sin x

(i) xtan2 x

x 1

(b) Find the equation of the normal to the curve y = ex ln x at the point where x = 1.

7.

(a) Show that a stationary value occurs on C where tan x = 2

(b) Find the equation of the tangent to C at the point P where x = 0.

Find the coordinates of the point Q where the tangent cuts the x-axis.

(c) Show that this tangent meets C again at the point R(1.3, 3.6).

(d) Show that the tangent at R has the equation y = 11.1 - 5.77x

(e) Find the area of triangle PQR, correct to 2 decimal places.

8.

The radioactive decay of Strontium-90 is given by

N = N0e-kt,

t.0

where N is the number of atoms at a time t (years) and where N0 and k are constants.

(a) Initially, there are 500 atoms in a sample of this substance.

Find the value of N0.

(b) It takes 29 years for half the atoms to decay. Find the value of k.

(c) Calculate the number of the original atoms which are left after 100 years.

(d) Calculate the rate of decay (in atoms per year) when t = 100.

Core C3

Differentiation

Question

Number

Solution

Marks

1 a

M1 A1

ii

6x cos x + 3x sin x

cos2 x

M1 M1 A1

b

M1 A1

dx = 2sin ycos y dy =

1

dy

dx 2sin y cos y

dx = 2y cos(y 2) dy =

1

dy

dx 2y cos(y 2)

iii ln x = yln a y = ln x

ln a

dy

= 1 = y1

x ln a a ln a

dx

ii

2 a

M1 A1

16

M1

dy (1 + x 2) 2x(x)

1 x2

=

=

dx

(1 + x 2)2

(1 + x 2)2

dy

= 0 when 1 x 2 = 0 x = 1

dx

M1

A1

M1 A1

At x = 1, y = 0.5

At x = -1, y = -0.5

A1 (both)

=

dx 2

(1 + x 2)4

M1 (quotient

rule)

2x(3 x 2)

(2x)(1 + x 2) 4x(1 x 2)

=

(1 + x 2)3

(1 + x 2)3

d 2y

= -0.5 so maximum

dx 2

2

At x = -1, d y2 = 0.5 so minimum

dx

At x = 1,

M1 (dx/dy)

M1 A1

M1 (dx/dy)

M1 A1

M1

As x , y 1 , so y 0

M1 (simplify)

A1

M1

A1 (both)

M1 A1

Core C3

d

0.5

(1, 0.5)

G2

0.5

(1, 0.5)

15

3 a

b

M1 A1

dy 2 2e2x

=

dx

1 + e 2x

M1

At x = 0, dy 2, so y - 2ln2 = 2x y = 2x + 2ln 2

1

1

1

Gradient of normal = 2 y 2 ln 2 = 2 x y = 2 x + 2 ln 2

M1

M1 A1

M1 A1

At Q, 0 = 2x + 2ln 2 x = -ln 2

M1 A1 A1

dx

At R, 0 = 1 x + 2 ln 2 x = 4 ln 2

2

2

4 a

M1 A1

13

1

dy

2

= 4x = 4x 1

dx

x

x

2

dy

= 0 4x = 1 4x 2 = 1

dx

x

x2 = 1 x = 1

4

2

M1 A1

M1

A1

(2)

y = 2(0.5)2 ln 0.5 4 = ln 4 3 1

M1 A1

d 2y

d 2y

1

= 8 so a minimum

2 = 4 + 2 and at x = 0.5,

x

dx

dx 2

M1 M1 A1

At x = 0.01, y = 1.299

At x = 0.05, y = -0.306

Change of sign indicates a root in the given interval

(2)

(2)

M1

A1

2x 2 ln x 4 = 0 ln x = 2x 2 4

M1

x = e 2x 2 4 x = 2 e 2x 2 4

2

M1

x n +1 = 2 e 2x n

A1

Core C3

x2 = 2e2(0.27 067...)

= 0.0424...

x3 = 0.03 676

x4 = 0.03 673 = 0.037 (3dp)

M1 A1 (first

iteration)

M1 A1 (second

or other correct

iteration)

A1

19

5 a

b

6 a

h = 5 + 3cos p p = 3.5 m

( 6 3)

M1 A1

cos p t p = 1, h = 8 m

M1 A1

pt p = 0 t = 2

6

3

M1

So 2.00 a.m. is the first time after midnight for this depth to occur

A1 (time must

be given)

M1

() (

dh = 3 p sin p t p

6

6

3

dt

d

h

1

When t = 3, = p m/hr

dt

4

ii

(x 1)2

M1 A1

9

M1 A1

dy e x

=

+ e x ln x

dx

x

At x = 1, dy = e, y = 0

dx

y = 0 = 1 (x 1) y = 1 (x 1)

e

e

M1

M1 A1

M1

M1 A1

M1 A1

10

dy

= 2e2x cos x e2x sin x

dx

At dy = 0, e2x(2 cos x sin x) = 0

dx

M1

M1 A1

x = 0 y = 1, dy = 2

M1

y 1 = 2(x - 0) y = 2x + 1

When y = 0, x = -0.5 so Q(-0.5, 0)

M1 A1

M1 A1

3.6 = 2(1.3) + 1 and 3.6 = e2(1.3) cos (1.3)

M1 A1

y 3.6 = -5.77(x 1.3) y = 11.1 5.77x

M1

M1 A1

P(0, 1), Q

7 a

dx

1 , 0 , R(1.3, 3.6)

2

so that PQR is a straight line and hence area of triangle PQR = 0

M1

M1

M1 A1

17

Core C3

500 = N 0e k 0 N 0 = 500

M1 A1

t = 29 -29k = ln (0.5) k = 0.0239

M1

M1 A1

M1 A1

dN = 11.95e0.0239t

dt

At t = 100, dN = 1.095

dt

M1

M1

A1

8 a

10

Core C3

Exam-style assessment

5

1.

Iterative methods

How many solutions are there to the equation ex + x2 - 5 = 0?

Give a reason for your answer.

(b) Show that one solution of the equation ex + x2 - 5 = 0 lies between x = 1

and x = 2. Find this solution correct to 1 decimal place.

2.

(a) The equation 2x3 - 5x - 4 = 0 has one real root. Show by calculation

that this root lies between 1 and 2.

(b) Show that xn +1 =

2 n

(c) Use a starting value of x0 = 1 to find the root of the equation

2x3 - 5x - 4 = 0 correct to 2 decimal places.

3.

(a) Show that there is a root of the equation ln x 1 x = 0 in the interval [1, 2].

4

1x

e4 n

ln x 1 x = 0

4

(c) Taking x0 = 1.5, find the values of x1, x2, x3 and x4 to 5 decimal places.

Hence, give the solution of the equation ln x 1 x = 0 correct to 3 decimal places.

4

4

Use your graphs to explain why there must be a second root to the equation

ln x 1 x = 0

4

4.

(a) Given that f(x) = x3 + x2 - 3x 9, show that the equation f(x) = 0 has root

in the interval [2, 3].

(b) Show that xn = 3xx ++ 19 , xn -1 can be used as an iterative formula to

solve the equation f(x) = 0.

(c) Taking x0 = 1, find the values of x1, x2, x3, x4 and x5 to 4 decimal places.

Hence, write down the solution of f(x) = 0 correct to 2 decimal places.

(d) Find a negative value of x0 (other than x = -1) which does not give a valid

value for x1.

Give a reason for your choice.

Core C3

5.

x

Show that the equation f(x) = 0 has a root in the interval [1, 2].

(b) Show that the iterative formula xn +1 =

solve the equation f(x) = 0.

xn + 4

, x 0 can be used to

xn

(c) Taking x0 = 1.5, find the values of x1, x2, x3 and x4 to 4 decimal places.

Hence, write down a solution of the equation f(x) = 0 to 2 decimal places.

6.

The graph intersects the axes at points

P and Q as shown.

y = f(x)

(b) Find the inverse function f -1(x) and state its domain and range.

(c) Prove that there is a solution to the equation f(x) = x2 - 4

in the interval [6, 7].

formula to find the root of the equation f(x) = x2 - 2

Taking x0 = 6.8, find the values of x1, x2, x3, x4 and x5 to 5 decimal places.

(e) State the root of f(x) = x2 - 2 correct to 3 decimal places.

Core C3

5

Question

Number

Iterative methods

Solution

Marks

1 a

y = ex

y

5

G2

1

5

y = 5 x2

E1

x = 1 e1 + 12 5 = e 4 (negative)

x = 2 e2 + 22 5 = e2 1 (positive)

M1

A1

and 1.3 (+ve). Checking with 1.25 (+ve), gives solution as x = 1.2 (1dp)

M1 M1

A1

8

2 a

x = 1, 2x3 5x 4 = -7

x = 2, 2x3 5x 4 = 2

Change of sign indicates a root in the interval given.

2x 3 = 5x + 4 x =

5 x + 2 so x

n +1 =

2

c

x1 =

5 (1) + 2 = 1.651...

2

x2 = 1.8299

x3 = 1.8734

x4 = 1.88 365

x5 = 1.88 606

x6 = 1.8866

so solution correct to 2dp is x = 1.89

5x +2

2 n

M1

A1

M1

A1

M1 A1

(first iteration)

M1 A1 (second

or other correct

iteration)

A1

9

Core C3

3 a

x = 1 : ln 1 1 (1) = 1

M1

A1

4

4

1

x = 2 : ln 2 (2) = 0.193

4

1

b

c

x

x

ln x = 1 x x = e 4 so xn +1 = e 4 n is iterative formula

1 1.5

x1 = e 4

= 1.45 499

x2 = 1.43 871

x3 = 1.43 287

x4 = 1.43 078

M1 A1

(first iteration)

M1 A1 (second

or other correct

iteration)

A1

so x = 1.431 (3 dp)

d

M1 A1

y

2

y = ln x

1

2

4

1

y= x

4

O

1

10

G2

E1

12

4 a

x = 2: f(x) = -3

x = 3: f(x) = 18

Change of sign indicates a root in the given interval.

M1

A1

x2(x + 1) = 3x + 9

M1

3xn + 9

x 2 = 3x + 9 xn +1 =

is an iterative formula

x +1

x1 =

xn + 1

3(1) + 9

= 2.4495

1+1

x2 = 2.1770

x3 = 2.2110

x4 = 2.2065

x5 = 2.2071 so x = 2.21 (2 dp)

d

x0 = 2 gives x1 =

M1 A1

M1 A1 (first

iteration

M1 A1 (second

or other correct

iteration)

A1

B1 (sensible

value + expl)

11

Core C3

5 a

x = 1: f(x) = -4

x = 2: f(x) = 5

Change of sign indicates a root in given interval as function is

continuous in interval [1, 2]

x 3 = 1 + 4 = 4 + x xn +1 =

x1 = 3 1.5 + 4 = 1.5420

4 + xn

is iterative formula

xn

A1

M1 A1

x2 = 1.5318

x3 = 1.5342

x4 = 1.5336 x = 1.53 (2 dp)

M1 A1 (first

iteration)

M1 A1 (second

or other correct

iteration)

A1

9

M1 A1

y = 0: ex-3 = 2 x = 3 + ln 2 so Q(3 + ln 2, 0)

M1 A1

y + 2 = ex-3 x = 3 + ln(y + 2)

f -1 (x) = 3 + ln(x + 2)

M1

M1 A1

A1 (both)

1.5

6 a

M1

e x-3 - 2 = x2 - 4

e x-3 - x2 + 2 = 0

Let g(x) = ex-3 - x2 + 2

x = 6: f(x) = -13.9

x = 7: f(x) = 7.60

Change of sign indicates a root in the given interval

M1

A1

e x 3 = x 2 2 x 3 = ln(x 2 2)

M1

A1

x2 = 6.78644

x3 = 6.78546

x4 = 6.78515

x5 = 6.78506

M1 A1 (first

iteration)

M1 A1 (second

or other correct

iteration)

x = 6.785 (3dp)

A1 ft

17

Core C3

Exam-style assessment

6

1.

Partial fractions

(a) Express

x+5

in partial fractions.

(2 + x)(1 x)

(b) Expand

x+5

as a series of ascending powers of x as far as the term in x3.

(2 + x)(1 x)

(c) Taking x = 21 , find

+5

(i) the exact value of (2 +xx)(

1 x)

(ii) its approximate value using a quadratic approximation

(iii) the percentage error of the approximation in part ii.

2.

(a) Express

x2 + 2

in partial fractions.

(2x 1)(x + 1)2

2

1

x2 + 2

= 1 (ln 27 1)

6

(2x 1)(x + 1)2

Core C4

6

Question

Number

1 a

Partial fractions

Solution

Marks

x+5

= A + B x + 5 = A(1 x) + B(2 + x)

(2 + x)(1 x) 2 + x 1 x

Adding equations: 3B = 6 B = 2, A = 1

b

( 2 ) + 2(1 x)

2

2

2!

2

3!

2

M1

M1

3!

M1 (simplify)

= 5 + 7 x + 17 x 2 + 31 x 3

A1 A1

16

0.5 + 5

= 4.4

(2 + 0.5)(1 0.5)

ii

5 7 1

+

+ 17 1

2 4 2

8 2

()

()

M1 A1

= 3.90625

M1 A1

M1 A1

4.4

2 a

16

x2 + 2

= A + B + C 2

2

2x 1 x + 1 (x + 1)

(2x 1)(x + 1)

= Ax2 + 2Ax + A + 2Bx2 + Bx - B + 2Cx - C

Equating coefficients:

A + 2B = 1

2A + B + 2C = 0

A-B-C=2

Solving system of equations gives: A = 1, B = 0, C = -1

b

M1

= 1 1 1 x + 1 x 2 1 x 3 + 2 [1 + x + x 2 + x 3 ]

2

2

4

8

2

2!

M1 (correct

form)

M1

M1

A1 (both)

1 dx = 1 ln(2x 1) + (x + 1)1

1

2

1

2x 1 (x + 1)2

1

Evaluating the integral gives: 1 (3ln 3 - 1) = 1 (ln 27 - 1)

6

6

M1 (correct

form)

M1

M1

M1

A1

M1 (use of p.f.)

M1 (integration)

M1 A1 (or

equivalent)

9

Core C4

Exam-style assessment

7

1.

Parametric equations

(a) Find the Cartesian equation of the curve.

(b) The region R is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the ordinates of the

points where q = 0 and q = p . Prove that the area of R is 3p + 4.

2

2.

y = sin t p ,

x = cos t,

-p < t < p.

4

(b) Show that the Cartesian equation of the curve can be written as

x2 + ( x + 2 y) = 1

2

3.

x = 3cos2 t, y = 6tan t, -p < t < p.

dy

(b) Find the equation of the tangent at the point on the curve where t = p .

4

(c) Show that this tangent also meets the curve at the point (3, 0).

(d) The Cartesian equation of the curve can be written in the form

f(y) = 108

x

Find f(y).

4.

(4)

where p - t - p .

x = t 2 p , y = 4 sin 2t

2r

4

(144

2

(b) Show that the exact coordinates of the point P where t = p are 7p , 2 3 .

Find the exact value of k.

(d) Find the area enclosed by C and the two coordinate axes.

Core C4

5.

The curve C, shown in this diagram, can be expressed parametrically by the equations

x = 4tsin t,

y = 3cos t

where 0 - t - p2 .

y

A

R

x

(a) C cuts the axes at the points A(0, a) and B(b, 0).

Find the values of a and b.

(b) Show that the area of the region R bounded by C and the two coordinate

axes can be expressed as

p

2

6.

x = 1,

t

y=

1

1 t

dy

(a) Find d and hence explain why the gradient of the curve is negative for all values of t.

x

(b) Prove that the equation of the tangent at the point where t = 1 is given by

2

x+y=4

(c) Find the equation of the normal at the point where t = 1 .

4

(e) Prove that the area bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the ordinates

x = 2 and x = 4 is given by ln 3 + 2.

7.

x = t 2 + 1, y =

4 ,t 1

1 t

(a) Find the values of t which give the points A(1, 4) and B(2, 2) on the curve.

(b) The region R is bounded by the curve, the x-axis and the ordinates x = 1 and x = 2.

Find the area of R.

(c) R is rotated through 360 about the x-axis.

Show that the volume of the solid generated is given by 32p ln 2 1 .

Core C4

7

Question

Number

1 a

Parametric equations

Solution

Marks

4

x3

4

) (

2

+ y 1

3

y dx =

Area =

a

=4

= 1 (an ellipse)

M1 A1 (or

equivalent)

dx

dq

dq

3(cos q + 1)(4cos q) dq

p

2

=4

p

2

p

2

M1

p

2

M1 (correct

form)

(3cos2 q + cosq) dq

(2

M1 (use of

identity)

M1

2 a

dx = sin t, dy = cos

tp

4

dt

dt

p

cos t

dy

4 and at t = p , dy = 2

=

sin t

4 dx

dx

A1

M1 M1

M1 A1

4

4

4

Substituting this and the expression for x into LHS of given equation:

4

= cos2 t + sin2 t = 1 as required

))

M1

M1

M1 (simplify)

A1

8

Core C4

3 a

dx

dy

= 6 cos t sin t,

= 6sec 2 t

dt

dt

2

dy

= 6 sec t = -sec2t sec t cosec t = -sec3t cosec t

6 cos t sin t

dx

(4)

M1 A1

x = 3 cos2 p = 3 , y = 6 tan p = 6

M1 M1

dy

=

dx

M1

y6 =

c

(4)

M1 M1

1

= 4

p

cos

sin p

4

4

() ()

4( x 3 ) y =

2

3

4x

+ 12

M1 A1

y = 6 tan t = 0 t = 0

Curve: At t = 0, x = 3(cos 0)2 = 3

M1

M1

A1

108 = 108

x

3cos2 t

M1 M1

= 36sec2t

= 36(1 + tan2t)

= 36 + (6tan t)2

= 36 + y2

so f(y) = 36 + y2

M1 M1

M1 A1

18

4 a

dx

dy

= 2t,

= 8cos 2t

dt

dt

M1 M1

()

()

p

dy 8cos 2t

p dy 8cos 2

so at t = ,

=

=0

=

dx

2t

4 dx

p

2

4

M1 A1

7p

( 3 ) ( p4 ) = 16p 144 9p = 144

y = 4sin ( 2p ) = 4 3 = 2 3

3

2

x= p

M1 A1

M1 A1

M1

( )

2p

dy 8cos 3

6

=

=

dx

p

2p

3

2

y 2 3 = 6 x 7p

p

144

A1

M1

2

p y 2 3p = 6x + 42p

M1

144

2

p y + 6x = 42p + 2 3p

144

p

2

p

4

2t 4sin 2t dt = 8

p

2

p

4

so

2

k = 7p + 2 3p

24

tsin 2t dt

p

p

2

p

4

2

8 1 t cos 2t p + 4

2

A1

M1

M1

A1 (first part)

4

M1 A1

(second part)

A1

19

Core C4

5 a

x = 0, t = 0, y = 3 so A(0, 3)

M1 A1

M1 A1

dt

M1

p

2

p

2

M1

0 p

=6

M1

A1

=6

p

2

2

6 1 t 2 1 cos 2t + 6

2

2

0

p

2

t cos 2t dt

M1 A1

p

2

p

2

p

2

6 1 t 2 1 cos 2t + 6 t 1 sin 2t 6

2

2

2

0

0

p

2

1 sin 2t dt

2

2

2

= 6 p + 1 + 0 + 3 1 cos 2t = 3p + 6 + 3

6 a

M1

M1

1 1 = 3p 2 + 3

2 2

4

M1 M1

dy = (1 t)2 = t 2

2

dx

t

(1 t)2

M1 A1

t = 1 , x = 2, y = 2, dy = 1

2

dx

y - 2 = -1(x - 2) y + x = 4

t=

M1 A1

1

4 dy

1

, x = 4, y = ,

=

4

3 dx

9

M1 M1

A1

y 4 = 9(x 4) y = 9x 34 2

M1 A1

M1

9x 34 2 + x = 4 x = 3 13 , y = 2

3

E1

M1 M1

14

dx = t 2, dy = (1 t)2

dt

dt

positive for all values of t. Hence derivative function is always negative

b

M1 A1

y=

15

1 1

x

A1 A1

15

x

(x 1)

M1

4

y dx =

Area =

2

u + 1 du =

u

3

1

M1

(1 + u1 ) du = [u + ln u]

3

1

= 3 + ln 3 - 1 = ln 3 + 2

M1 (limits)

M1 A1

22

Core C4

7 a

x = 1, t = 0

x = 2, t2 = 1 t = 1

t = 1 is invalid for y so t = -1

dx = 2t so integral is:

dt

-1

-1

t dt

4 2t dt

=

8

t

1

1 t

0

B1

M1

A1 (must reject

t = 1)

M1

M1 A1

2

-8

1

1 u du = 8

u

py2 dx dt =

dt

-1

p

0

2

1

( u1 1) du =

(1 4 t ) 2t dt = 32p

-1

0

t

dt

(1 t)2

-1

0

1

1

(1 t)2 1 t dt

M1

M1 (limits)

M1 A1

M1 M1

M1 A1

1

= 32p (1 t)1 + ln(1 t) 0 = 32p 1 + ln 2 (1 + 0)

2

M1 M1

= 32p ln 2 1

A1

17

Core C4

Exam-style assessment

8

1.

of x up to and including the term in x3.

(b) Write the range of values of x for which the expansion is valid.

2.

x and x2 are 2 and -2 respectively. Find the values of k and n.

(b) Find the coefficient of x3 in the series.

(c) For what range of values of x is the expansion valid?

3.

(a) Expand (1 - 2x)-3 in ascending powers of x, up to and including the term in x3.

State the range of values of x for which the expansion is valid.

2

(b) Find the coefficient of x2 in the expansion of (1 + 3x) 3

(1 2x)

4.

(a) Expand

1

, |x| < 1 as a series of ascending powers of x up to and

3

2

(1 + 2x)

(b) Hence, find the first three terms in the expansion of x 3 3 in ascending powers of x.

(1 + 2x)

4 decimal places.

5.

4+x

(1 + x)(1 2x)

1

4

(c) expand f(x) using the binomial theorem up to and including the term in x3.

Simplify each term as far as possible. State the range of values of x for

which the expansion is valid.

6.

4x 2 + 9

| x | < 1,

2,

2

(2 + x)(1 2x)

4x + 9

C

(a) find constants A and C such that

A + B +

(2 + x)(1 2x)2 2 + x 1 2x (1 2x)2

and show that B = 0

2

term in x3. Simplify each term as far as possible.

Core C4

8

Question

Number

1 a

Solution

(9

1

2x) 2

Marks

= 3 1 2x

9

1

2

( ) ( )( )

1 1

1

2

2

2 2x

= 3 1 + x +

2 9

2!

9

= 3 1 x 1 x2 1 x3

3

54

486

1

2

+

( 21 )( 23 ) ( 2 x )

3!

9

9

M1 (removing

factor)

M1

A1 (first two

terms)

A1 (complete)

M1 A1

6

2 a

M1

nk = 2 k = 2

M1

2!

()

n

2

2

= 2

M1

A1 A1

( 21 )( 23 ) (4)

1

n

(

n

1

)(

n

2

)

3

2

Coefficient:

k =

3!

3 a

=4

4

M1 A1 ft

9

M1 M1

A1 (first two

terms)

A1 (complete)

M1 A1

M1

2!

3!

M1

A1 ft

Coefficient of

x2

M1 A1

9

M1 M1

A1 (first two

terms)

A1 (complete)

M1 M1 A1

= 0.9423 (4dp)

M1

A1

4 a

2!

3!

= 1 - 6x + 24x2 - 80x3

9

Oxford University Press 2009

Core C4

5 a

4+x

= A + B

(1 + x)(1 2x) 1 + x 1 2x

M1 (correct

form)

M1

Subtracting gives: 3A = 3 A = 1, B = 3

M1

M1 A1 (both)

1

4

4

1 + 3

dx = ln(1 + x) 3 ln(1 2x)

1 + x 1 2x

2

M1 (use of p.f.)

M1 (integrate)

M1 (substitute)

= ln 5 3 ln 1 0

4 2 2

(2 )

= ln 5 2

c

A1

M1

2!

3!

M1

2!

M1

M1

A1 (first two)

A1 (complete)

3!

= 4 + 5x + 13x2 + 23x3

Expansion is valid for: 1 < 2x < 1 1 < x < 1

2

6 a

M1 A1

17

= A - 4Ax + 4Ax2 + 2B - 3Bx - 2Bx2 + 2C + Cx

M1

M1

M1

4 = 4A - 2B

0 = -4A - 3B + C

9 = A + 2B + 2C

Solving system of equations gives: A = 1, B = 0, C = 4

M1 A1 (B) A1

1 +

4

= 1 1+ 1x

2 + x (1 2x)2

2

2

(2 )

(2 )

= 1 1 + (1) 1 x + (1)(2) 1 x

2

2!

+ 4(1 2x)2

2

M1

( )

3

+ (1)(2)(3) 1 x

3!

2

M1

2!

3!

M1

= 1 1 1 x + 1 x 2 1 x 3 + 4 (1 + 4x + 12x 2 + 32x 3 )

2

2

4

8

M1

= 9 + 63 x + 385 x 2 + 2047 x 3

A1

16

11

Core C4

Exam-style assessment

9

1.

Differentiation

(a) Find the gradient of C at the point (1, 3).

(b) Find the equation of the tangent to C at the point (1, 3).

2.

(a) Find the coordinates of the two points on the curve where x = 1.

(b) Find the equation of the tangent to the curve at the point (1, -1).

(c) Find the equation of the normal to the curve at the other point where x = 1.

3.

( 3)

(b) Prove that dy =

dx

cos(x y)

1 + cos(x y)

4.

The population of the Republic of Ruritania was 10 million in the year 2000 and

10.4 million in 2002. The population, N million, is predicted to grow according to

N = N0elt

where t is the number of years after 2000.

(a) Find the value of N0 and the value of l to 2 decimal places.

(b) In which year will the population be double the size it was in 2000?

(c) Find the rate of increase in the population in 2010.

5.

A drop of oil falls onto the surface of still water. The circle that it forms has a

radius r which increases over time t according to the equation

r = 6 - 3e-4t

(a) Show that the rate of increase in the area A of the circle is given by

dA = 72p e4t(2 e 4t)

dt

when t = 1 .

4

(c) Find A when t = 0 and when t = 14 . Hence, find the average rate of increase

in A, to 3 significant figures, during the period from t = 0 to t = 1 .

4

Core C4

Differentiation

Question

Number

Solution

1 a

8x 3x

Marks

dy

dy

3y + 2y = 0

dx

dx

M1

A1

M1 A1

dy

3y 8x

and at (1,3) dy = 1

=

dx

2y 3x

dx 3

2 a

y 3 = 1 (x 1) y = 1 x + 8

3

M1 A1 ft

2 + 7y + 3y2 + 2 = 0 3y2 + 7y + 4 = 0

M1

M1 A1

(3y + 4)(y + 1) = 0 y = 4 or 1

3

Coordinates are 1, 4 and (1, -1)

3

( )

4x + 7x

A1

dy

dy

+ 7y + 6y = 0

dx

dx

M1

A1

M1 A1

dy

(7y + 4x)

and at (1, 1), dy = 3

=

dx

7x + 6y

dx

y - (-1) = 3(x - 1) y = 3x - 4

M1 A1

16

dy

4

At 1, ,

= 3 = 16 so the gradient of the normal is: 3

1

3

3 dx

16

M1 A1

( )

y ( 4 ) = 3 (x 1) y = 3 x 73

3

16

16

48

M1 A1

3 a

b

14

sin x p = 1 x p = p x = p

M1 A1

y + 1 = sin(x y) + p

M1 (identity)

dy

= cos(x y) 1 dy

dx

dx

M1 M1

Hence

dy

(1 + cos(x y)) = cos(x y)

M1

M1 (factorise)

A1

dx

dy =

dx

cos(x y)

1 + cos(x y)

( )

At p , p , dy =

2 3 dx

( ) = 23 = 3 =

2+ 3

1 + cos ( p ) 1 + 3

6

2

cos p

6

3 (2 3 )

43

=2 33

M1 A1 (accept

other correct

forms)

10

Core C4

10 = N0e0 N0 = 10

10.4 = 10e2l 2l = ln 1.04, l = 0.01961 = 0.02 (2 dp)

M1 A1

M1 M1 A1

M1 M1 A1

dt

dt

M1

M1 A1

4 a

11

A = pr2 = p(6 - 3e-4t )2 = 36p - 36pe-4t + 9pe-8t

dA = 144pe-4t - 72pe-8t = 72pe-4t(2 - e-4t)

M1 A1

M1 A1

M1 A1

t = 0 A = 9p

M1

t = 1 A = 75.3 (3 sf)

4

Average is \ 75.3 9p = 188 (3 sf)

0.25

M1

5 a

dt

dt

M1 A1

10

Core C4

Exam-style assessment

10

1.

Integration

(2 )

y

x

5p

9.8696

14.2474

6p

7p

2p

0

(b) Use the trapezium rule with the values in this table to estimate, to

4 significant figures, the value of

2p

(2 )

x 2 sin 1 x dx

(c) Use integration by parts to find an exact value for the area of the shaded

region R in the diagram.

(d) Calculate the percentage error in the value found in part b using the

trapezium rule.

2.

(a) Use the trapezium rule with 5 ordinates to find an approximate value,

1

excos x dx

0

correct to 3 decimal places.

excos x dx

3.

x (2 x)

x(2 x)

1

(c) Evaluate

1

2

x + 4 dx

x(2 x)

Core C4

4.

transformed to 2 (u2 + 1) du

1

0

5.

e 2x

e 1

x

e 2x

ex 1

dx is

dx = 2 (e + 2) e 1

3

cos2 4x dx = 1 x + 1 sin 8x + c

2

16

(c) Evaluate

p

4

(i)

p

4

cos 4x dx

(ii)

sin xcos 2 x dx

0

1

6.

4

dx

2

(

x

+

)

3

1

0

y

A

B

O

x

( )

2

Angle ACB is a right angle.

Calculate the area of the shaded region ABC.

7.

Find

(a)

xe2x dx

(b)

xe2x dx

Core C4

8.

y = 1 + ex

y

x=a

y = 1 + ex

R

O

The shaded region R is enclosed between the two axes, the curve and the line x = a.

The region R is rotated 360 about the x-axis to generate a solid of volume V.

2

(b) The point A is moving along the x-axis in the positive direction at a speed of

0.5 cm/sec. Prove that the rate of increase in the volume V of the solid at the

instant when a = 1 cm is given by 1 p (1 + e)2 .

2

9.

for p - x - p

2

(b) Find the area enclosed by the graph of y = sec x, the x- and y-axes and

the line x = p .

4

(c) The area described in part b is rotated through 360 about the x-axis.

Show that the volume of the solid which is generated is equal to p.

Core C4

10

Integration

Question

Number

Solution

Marks

1 a

B1 B1

( )

M1 M1

2 4

= 36.48 (4 sf)

2p

c

p

A1 ft

( )

( )

2p

2p

x 2 sin 1 x dx = 2x 2 cos 1 x 2

2 p

4x cos

p

( )

( 21 x ) dx

2p

= [8p 2 0 ] + 4 2x sin 1 x 4

2 p

( )

2p

M1 (first app)

(2 )

2 sin 1 x dx

M1 (second app)

2p

= 8p 2 + [ 0 8p ] + 16 cos 1 x

2 p

M1 (eval)

= 8p 2 - 8p - 16

A1

37.824

M1

A1 ft

11

2 a

0

1

0.25

1.2441

0.5

1.4469

0.75

1.5490

1

1.4687

B2 (one error

scores B1)

2

= 1.369 (4 sf)

1

c

0

M1 A1 ft

1

e x cos x dx = e x sin x 0

1

e xsin x dx

= e x sin x 0 + e x cos x 0

1

M1 (first app)

0

1

e xcos x dx

M1 (second app)

0

1

M1

M1(eval)

A1

1.378

M1

A1 ft

11

Core C4

3 a

x+4 = A+ B

x(2 x)

x 2x

x + 4 = A(2 - x) + Bx

Equating coefficients gives: 2A = 4, B - A = 1

A = 2, B = 3

b

( 2x + 2 3 x ) dx = 2ln x - 3ln(2 - x) + c

M1 (use of p.f.)

M1 (logs)

M1 (correct

form)

M1

M1

A1 (both)

= ln x 3 + c

(2 x)

A1

(2 x) 1

2

or ln1 - ln 2 = ln 27

27

2

( )

4 a

( )

M1

ln(u2 + 1) = x dx =

M1 A1

du

e 2x

ex 1

2u dx = 2u du

u2 + 1

u2 + 1

2

2

dx = (u + 1) 22u du = 2 (u2 + 1) du

u +1

M1 A1

M1 A1

2 (u2 + 1)du = 2 1 u3 + u

3

a

M1 (use of new

integral)

M1 (sub back)

3

1

= 2 1 (e x 1) 2 + (e x 1) 2

3

0

= 2 1 (e 1) 2 + (e 1) 2 0

3

M1 (evaluate)

= 2 (e 1)(e 1) 2 + 2(e 1) 2

3

= 2 (e + 2) e 1

3

A1

9

Core C4

2

2 8

5 a

x + c

= 1 x + 1 sin 8x + c

2

16

b

M1 M1

dx

1 u2du = 1 u3 + c

12

4

= 1 cos3 4x + c

12

sin 4xcos2 4x dx =

M1

A1

4

From a: 1 x + 1 sin 8x = p + 0 (0 + 0) = p

16

2

0

8

8

i

ii

By inspection,

p

4

M1 (identity)

M1 (integral)

A1

M1 A1

4

sin x cos x dx = 1 cos 3x

3

0

2

M1 A1

= 1 1 + 1 = 1 2

3 3 12

3 2

3

M1 A1 (or

equiv)

13

6 a

4

0

3

0

= 4 1

12

b

0.5

M1

A1

( 13 ) = 1

M1 A1

[

] 0.5

x

or Area = 2ln 2 - 2 0.5 = 2ln 2 - 1 = ln 4 - 1

If it lies at (1, 4), the answer is this value deducted from 1: 0.614

7 a

M1

M1

A1

= 1 xe2x 1 e2x + c

2

4

2

Hence:

2

2

xe2x dx = 1 e2x + c

Additional A1

4 + 4 or 5

M1

2

M1

M1 A1

A1

M1

M1 A1

7

Core C4

py2 dx

8 a

=p

(1 +

e x)2 dx

(1 + 2e x + e2x) dx

=p

= p x + 2e x + 1 e 2 x

M1

) (

2

2

2

2

M1 A1

dV = dV da = (p + 2p ea + p e2a ) 0.5

dx

da d x

= 1 p (1 + 2ea + e2a)

2

dV

1

1

At a = 1: dx = 2 p (1 + 2e + e2) = 2 p (1 + e)2

M1 A1

M1 M1

A1

M1 A1

10

9 a

G2

1

r

r x

2

p

4

(

= ln (

= ln

p

4

py2 dx

=p

p

4

M1 A1

)

2 + 1)

2 + 1 ln 1

M1

A1

p

M1 M1

A1

10

Core C4

Exam-style assessment

11

1.

Differential equations

Algae is growing on the surface of a pond. After t days of observing the pond,

the area A m2 of the pond surface covered by algae is seen to be increasing

at a rate which is proportional to A2.

(a) Write a differential equation to model this phenomenon.

(b) When t = 1, a surface area of 10 m2 is covered by algae and when t = 10,

the area covered is 30 m2. Find the area covered by algae when t = 11.

2.

dy

x

=

dx 3 y(x + 1)

3.

Water is entering a tank at a constant rate of 1 m3 per minute. It is leaving the tank

at a rate proportional to the volume of water in the tank at that moment.

At a time t minutes, the volume of water in the tank is V m3.

(a) Explain why dV = 1 kV where k is a constant.

dt

(c) Initially the tank is empty. When t = 2, the rate of increase of the volume

is 0.1 m3 per minute. Find the exact values of A and k.

(d) How much water is in the tank after 5 minutes?

4.

2

(a) Given that dy = 1 y use the method of separating the variables to prove

dx

1+ x

1 y

where k is a constant.

(b) If y = 0 when x = 0, show that the particular solution of the equation is

2

y = (x + 1)2 1

(x + 1) + 1

Core C4

11

Differential equations

Question

Number

Solution

Marks

1 a

dA

= kA2

dt

B1

1 dA =

k dt 1 = kt + c

A

A2

1

At t = 1, A = 10 : = k + c

10

At t = 10, A = 30 : 1 = 10k + c

30

15

Hence, 1 = 2t 29

135

29

270

270

therefore A = 270

29 2t

3 y dy =

x dx 2y 2 =

x +1

M1

(1 x 1+ 1) dx

M1 A1 (LHS)

2y 2 = x ln(x + 1) + c

At (0, 4), c = 16 so

3

y2

M1 A1 (RHS)

= 1 (x ln(x + 1)) + 8

2

y3 = 1 (x ln(x + 1)) + 8

2

3 a

b

M1 A1

dV

dt represent the rate of change of volume w.r.t. time 1 represents

E2

M1

1 dV =

dt 1 ln(1 kV ) = t + c

1 kV

k

M1 A1 (LHS)

ln (1 - kV) = -kt + d

1 - kV = e-kt+d = Ae-kt

kV = 1 Aekt

A1 (RHS)

M1 (transpose)

A1

At t = 0, V = 0: 0 = 1 - Ae0 A = 1

M1 A1

M1 A1

M1

k = ln 10 = 1 ln 10

A1

dt

M1 (constant)

( ln 10 ) 5

At t = 5: 1 ln 10 V = 1 e 2

V = 0.866 m 3 (3sf)

(2

M1 A1 ft

13

Core C4

1 dy

=

1 y2

4 a

LHS:

1 dx

1+ x

1 = A + B

1 = A(1 + y) + B(1 y)

1 y2 1 y 1 + y

M1 (correct

form)

M1

A = 1,B = 1

A1 (both)

(1 1 y + 1 +1 y ) dy = ln(1 + x) + c

1

2

M1 (use of p.f.)

2

M1 (LHS)

Let c = -ln k:

A1 (RHS)

1+ y

ln 1 y + ln k = ln(1 + x)

ln k

1+ y

= ln(1 + x)

1 y

M1 (c)

M1

k 1+ y 1 = x

A1

x = 0, y = 0 k = 1:

M1

1 y

M1

(x + 1)2 =

1+ y

1 y

M1

(x + 1)2 (1 y) = 1 + y

(x + 1)2 y(x + 1)2 = 1 + y

(x + 1)2 - 1 = y(x + 1)2 + y = y((x + 1)2 + 1)

M1

2

so y = (x + 1)2 1

A1

(x + 1) + 1

14

Core C4

Exam-style assessment

12

1.

Vectors

The points P, Q and R have position vectors relative to the origin O given by

5

6

4

OP = 2 , OQ = 3 and OR = 1

0

1

3

(b) Find the area of the triangle PQR.

2.

r = 2i - j + 3k + l(i + 3j + k) and r = i + 6j - k + m(ai + j 6k)

where a is a constant.

Given that the two lines intersect

(a) find the value of a

(b) find the acute angle between the two lines to the nearest whole degree.

3.

Taking O as the origin, the straight line L has the vector equation

1

2

r = 1 + l 3

1

1

(b) The point Q lies on L such that OQ is perpendicular to L.

Find the coordinates of Q.

(c) Find the area of triangle OPQ.

4.

r = 6i + 4j + l(4i + j - k)

and

r = -2i + 4k + m( j - k) respectively.

(i) this point of intersection, P

(ii) the acute angle between the two lines to the nearest 0.1.

(b) Points Q and R lie on L1, such that l = 0 and l = 1 respectively.

2

Core C4

5.

(a) Find a vector equation of the straight line L1 which passes through the points

A(1, 2, -2) and B(3, 0, -1).

(b) The straight line L2 has the equation r = (3 +m)i mj +(2+2m)k

Show that the point A also lies on L2.

(c) Show that the angle q between L1 and L2 is given by

cosq = 1 6

3

Show that the shortest distance from C to L1 is 2.

6.

(a) Prove that the points A(1, 0, 3), B(2, 2, 2) and C(4, 6, 0) are collinear.

(b) Write a vector equation of the line through point D(-1, 4, 1) in the direction of

-i + 2j - k

Show that the point A lies on this line.

(c) Find the cosine of the acute angle between the vectors AB and AD.

(d) The point E is such that ABED is a parallelogram.

Prove that the area of this parallelogram is 4 5 square units.

7.

r = i - 2k + l(i - 2j + k) and r = 2i + j - k + m(i + j - 2k) respectively.

(a) The point A(0, u, v) lies on L2. Find the values of u and v.

(b) The point R is a general point on L1.

Find the vector AR and its length AR in terms of l.

(c) By differentiating AR2 with respect to l, find the shortest distance

between A and L1.

Core C4

12

Question

Number

1 a

Vectors

Solution

Marks

4 6 2

PQ = PO + OQ = 2 + 3 = 1

3 1 2

M1

4 5 1

PR = PO + OR = 2 + 1 = 1

3 0 3

M1

PQ =

M1 A1

PR = 11

A1

PQ PR = (2 1) + (1 1) + (2 3) = 7

M1 A1

cos q =

b

22 + 12 + 22 = 3

7 = 0.7035... q = 45.3

3 11

M1 A1

2

M1 A1

11

2 a

2 + l = 1 + am

-1 + 3l = 6 + m

3 + l = -1 - 6m

Substituting l = -4 - 6m (from the third equation) gives:

-1 + 3(-4 - 6m) = 6 + m

m = -1, l = 2, a = -3

1 3

1

3

3 1 = 6, 3 = 11, 1 =

1 6

1

6

cos q =

11 46

46

= 0.2667 q = 105.47...

M1

M1

M1

A1

A1

M1 M1 M1

M1 A1

A1

11

Core C4

3 a

4 a

M1

M1 A1 A1

1 x

3 y = 0 x + 3y + z = 0

1 z

M1

M1

2

l = 0 so OQ = 1 and Q = (2, 1, -1)

1

A1 A1

OQ =

M1 A1

22 + 12 + 12 =

2 0 2

QP = QO + OP = 1 + 7 = 6

1 1 2

M1

QP =

A1

44

M1 A1

6 + 4l = -2, l = -2

M1

M1 A1

2

4 + l = m, m = 2 OP = 2 and P = (-2, 2, 2)

2

M1 A1

0

4

4 0

1 1 = 2, 1 = 18, 1 =

1

1

1 1

M1

M1

M1

ii

cos q =

2

2 18

2 + l = 0 so l = 2

If l = 2, y = 1 + 3(2) = 7, z = 1 + 2 = 1

= 1 q = 70.5

14

M1 A1

6

8

OQ 4 , OR 4.5

0

0.5

B1

B1

2 8 10

PR = PO + OR = 2 + 4.5 = 2.5

2 0.5 2.5

M1 A1

2 6 8

PQ = PO + OQ = 2 + 4 = 2

2 0 2

M1 A1

M1 A1 A1

Core C4

PR = 112.5, PQ =

72 PR : PQ = 3 12.5 : 6 2

A1

= 12.5 : 2 2

( 2 ) =

25 : 4

= 5:4

20

5 a

3 1 1

1

r = 2 + l 0 2 = 2 +

2

1 2 2

2

l 2

1

M1 A1

Equating x coordinate: 3 + m = 1 m = 2

This is consistent for y and z

M1

A1

2 1

2

1

2 1 = 6, 2 = 3, 1 =

1 2

1

2

M1

M1

M1

cos q =

d

6

3 6

=1 6

M1 A1

1

OP = 2 +

2

2

2

1

l 2 , CP = 1 + OP = 1 +

1

0

2

M1

2

l 2

1

M1

A1

2

CP is perpendicular to 2 so:

1

1

1 +

2

2 2

l 2 2 = 0

1 1

M1

2

\ (-2 + 4l) + (-2 + 4l) + (-2 + l) = 0 and l = 3

M1 A1

1

3

CP = 1 CP =

3

4

3

M1 M1 A1

( 13 ) + ( 13 ) + ( 43 )

2

= 2

18

Core C4

6 a

Equation of line AB is

2 1 1

1

1

r = 0 + l 2 0 = 0 + l 2

1

3

2 3 3

M1 A1

Using the x value for C, gives l = 3 and this is consistent with y and z.

C lies on AB and thus the points are collinear.

M1

A1

1

1

r = 4 + m 2

1

1

B1

M1 A1

1 1 2

1

AB = 2 , AD = 0 + 4 = 4

1

3 1 2

M1

M1 A1

AB =

cos q =

d

6, AD =

24, AB AD = 8

M1 M1

M1

M1 A1

8

= 2

6 24

3

M1

If cosq = 2 , sin q =

3

5 so Area =

3

24 6 5 = 4 5 units2

3

M1 M1 A1

19

7 a

m = -2 so:

u = 1 - 2 = -1, v = -1 - 2 (-2) = 3

0 1

AR = AO + OR = 1 + 0 +

3 2

AR =

M1

A1

M1 A1 (both)

1 1

l 2 = 1 +

1 5

1

l 2

1

M1 A1

M1

= 1 + 2l + l 2 + 1 4l + 4l 2 + 25 10l + l 2

M1

A1

27 12l + 6l 2

AR 2 = 27 12l + 6l 2

M1

d(AR 2)

= 12 + 12l l = 1

dl

M1 A1

2

AR = 1 | AR | =

4

22 + 12 + 42 =

21 units

M1 A1

14

Core C4

- CAPE Pure Maths Unit 1 Paper 1 2008-2017Transféré parCAPE_PP
- Alevel C1C2Transféré parnuddin123
- Alevel_S1Transféré parnuddin123
- Alevel_M1Transféré parnuddin123
- IGCSE chemistry 2005 summerTransféré parsamydude
- Combined Past Paper Questions on Excretion and HomeostasisTransféré parRamesh Iyer
- Alevel_M2Transféré parnuddin123
- Alevel_S2Transféré parnuddin123
- electromagnetic crane simple.pdfTransféré pardreamofflight7
- Edexcel IGCSE Human Biology AnswersTransféré parAvrinox
- Alevel FP1Transféré parnuddin123
- Alevel FP2newTransféré parnuddin123
- Biology- igcse- past paperTransféré parsollu786_889163149
- 0620_w09_ms_31Transféré parfajarsalami
- Alevel_D2Transféré parnuddin123
- AS Level Physics | Unit 1 Revision GuideTransféré parJoel Biffin
- Trigonometry FormulasTransféré paredgarsubs
- IGCSE Biology: Practice Essay Questions BTransféré parDan Conway
- Biology A2 NotesTransféré parnhmerali786
- June 2004MS p2Transféré parHany El-Gezawy
- 0620_s08_ms_31+32Transféré parMuneeb2k
- mark scheme math paper 1Transféré parshrutianuhya
- Alg 2 Practice AnswersTransféré parbalakama
- 0625_w06_ms_3Transféré parHimanshu Mato
- Electromagnetic Wave - Optics and Modern Physics - Past Paper PDFTransféré parDouglas Wong
- Introduction to Structural MechanicsTransféré parSantosh Rai
- 7 1 Fourier SeriesTransféré parMinh Huynh
- Sample Math Analysis FinalTransféré parDr. Mike D. Cook
- Higher Mock Terminal Calculator Modular PaperTransféré parShazia Sohail
- 01 Algebra & Trigonometry 02Transféré parJose Antonio Mejia Gutierrez

- test2cso.pdfTransféré parakshay
- Basic Math SymbolsTransféré parj1031salazar4545
- Quantitative Methods for Management SciencesTransféré parSumudu Adikari
- unit 8 bookletTransféré parapi-308639563
- Chapter TwoTransféré parIlcham Lynx
- te2401-part1Transféré parJami Burnett
- ubd graphing slope-intercept formTransféré parapi-326628660
- Recurrence Relations PDFTransféré parGunjan Agarwal
- STPM mathematics(t),mathematics(s) and further mathematics syallabusTransféré parEric Mooi
- JF Group Theory: Colm Ó Dúnlaing's NotesTransféré parCB93
- Advanced Math Refresher SetTransféré parGracielle Nebres
- Mathematics, Basic Math _ Algebra - NAVEDTRA.compressedTransféré parjuanmoczo
- Nyquist stability criterionTransféré parArul Raj
- Fraction Form OneTransféré parJuan Chee Wong
- List of Math SymbolsTransféré parAnca Scirlat
- GR1268 SolutionsTransféré parerichaas
- Multivariable Differential CalculusTransféré parSofia Fuentes
- NFEM.Ch13Transféré parjosepfeil
- CalcII_IntegrationTechniquesTransféré parShubha VS
- Milne, J. S. - Algebraic Number TheoryTransféré parJosé Pato Guzmán
- Chapter 1 FunctionsTransféré parAnis Hafizah
- Identities.pdfTransféré parTejdeep Reddy
- notes243MTransféré parRonald
- Introduction to DifferentiationTransféré parwolfretonmaths
- g8m4l10- constant rate table and graphs 2Transféré parapi-276774049
- Chapter 19 I Graphs of Functions II ENHANCE mathematics spm exercise and notesTransféré parEzra Loganathan Muniandi
- ON APPROXIMATE JACOBIAN MATRICES IN SIMULATION OF MULTIBODY SYSTEMSTransféré parsvk_nt
- Calctwocomp.pdfTransféré parMelaku Temesgen
- ANALYTIC GEOMETRY WITH CALCULUS.pdfTransféré parYayat Ahmad Hidayat
- FunctionsTransféré paranon_46276407