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RNC3059

Nokia WCDMA RNC, RN2.1, Product


Documentation (PDF)

Nokia WCDMA RNC Release


RN2.1, HSPA01 Feature Activation
Manual for HSDPA Features

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Nokia WCDMA RNC Release RN2.1, HSPA01 Feature Activation Manual for HSDPA
Features

The information in this document is subject to change without notice and describes only the
product defined in the introduction of this documentation. This document is intended for the use
of Nokia's customers only for the purposes of the agreement under which the document is
submitted, and no part of it may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or means without the
prior written permission of Nokia. The document has been prepared to be used by professional
and properly trained personnel, and the customer assumes full responsibility when using it.
Nokia welcomes customer comments as part of the process of continuous development and
improvement of the documentation.
The information or statements given in this document concerning the suitability, capacity, or
performance of the mentioned hardware or software products cannot be considered binding but
shall be defined in the agreement made between Nokia and the customer. However, Nokia has
made all reasonable efforts to ensure that the instructions contained in the document are
adequate and free of material errors and omissions. Nokia will, if necessary, explain issues
which may not be covered by the document.
Nokia's liability for any errors in the document is limited to the documentary correction of errors.
NOKIA WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE IN ANY EVENT FOR ERRORS IN THIS DOCUMENT
OR FOR ANY DAMAGES, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL (INCLUDING MONETARY
LOSSES), that might arise from the use of this document or the information in it.
This document and the product it describes are considered protected by copyright according to
the applicable laws.
NOKIA logo is a registered trademark of Nokia Corporation.
Other product names mentioned in this document may be trademarks of their respective
companies, and they are mentioned for identification purposes only.
Copyright Nokia Corporation 2005. All rights reserved.

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Contents

Contents
Contents 3
1
1.1
1.2
1.3

High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA) 5


General benefits 5
Requirements 6
Configuration changes and parameterisation 6

Activating HSDPA 13

Verifying HSDPA 17

Deactivating HSDPA 19

5
5.1
5.2

HSDPA DMPG pool configuration 21


Adding DMPG units to the HSDPA pool 21
Removing DMPG units from the HSDPA pool

HSDPA abbreviations 31

26

Related Topics 37

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Features

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High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)

High-speed downlink packet access


(HSDPA)
The HSDPA feature belongs to application software.
HSDPA is a wideband code division multiple access (WCDMA) key feature
which provides high data rate transmission in downlink to support multimedia
services. HSDPA brings high-speed data delivery to 3G terminals, ensuring that
users requiring effective multimedia capabilities benefit from data rates
previously unavailable because of limitations in the radio access system (RAS).
HSDPA brings benefits for both operators and end-users. In practice it means
higher data rates for end-users, larger capacity in the radio network and the
opportunity for the operator to deliver both new and existing services at a lower
cost of bit.
For HSDPA-related abbreviations, see HSDPA abbreviations.

1.1

General benefits
HSDPA provides a higher number of high data rate users on a single radio carrier
than any other 3G technology. HSDPA offers maximum peak rates of up to 14.4
Mbps (with 15 spreading codes and with no channel coding) in a 5 MHz channel.
The packet data throughput capacity, which is improved significantly, is more
important than the peak rate.
For the 3G operator HSDPA means lower delivery cost per bit, that is:

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improved packet data capacity of the WCDMA network

enhanced spectral efficiency

better efficiency of the radio access network HW usage

increased revenues through more users and usage

improved Iub efficiency

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Features

The benefits for the 3G mobile user are the following:

1.2

increased bit rates

shorter service response time

improved quality of end-user experience

better availability of services

Requirements
Hardware requirements

HSDPA requires the following hardware:


.

in the BTS: at least one WSPC card

in RNC: CDSP-C in the DMCU

The WSP cards handle the baseband processing. There are several types of WSP
cards available, most commonly WSPA and WSPC cards are used in the field.
Because of the capacity requirements, only WSPC supports HSDPA.
Introduction of HSDPA requires only SW update on the existing WSPCs. If the
BTS has no WSPC cards installed, at least one WSPC has to be installed to
enable HSDPA. Any other type of WSP card can be combined with the WSPC
card in the same BTS. All other units in the BTS require no changes at all with
HSDPA, and their dimensioning can be done according to normal guidelines. All
different BTS types that have WSPC also support HSDPA.
Software requirements

RNC and BTS SW have to be upgraded to RAS05 level.

1.3

Configuration changes and parameterisation


Configuration changes and parameterisation can be managed with the RNC RNW
Object Browser GUI.
For more information on how to activate HSDPA with NetAct, see Activating
HSDPA in NetAct documentation.

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High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)

RNC prerequisites

The radio network controller (RNC) has to include a package with the HSDPA
feature.
In RN2.1 the HSDPA user plane solution is based on so-called DMPG pooling
solution, where the predetermined amount of DMPGs from RNC configuration
has been reserved for HSDPA user plane data processing and transfer only. The
rest of the DMPGs serve all other service types like AMR and transport channels
like DCHs/CCHs. In addition, the subscribers under the same BTS or in the same
cell are always served by the same DMPG as a part of the pooling solution. This
means that subscribers move between DMPGs each time when the new serving
cell is not served by the same DMPG.
The operator is responsible for configuring the number of DMPG units to the
pool. No default value of the units is used for this purpose. It is solely up to the
operators to decide how many DMPG units they wish to create in the pool for the
HSDPA purpose. One DMPG can serve HSDPA users under several BTSs, but
one BTS can be connected to only one DMPG at any time. For more information
on HSDPA dimensioning, see Nokia WCDMA RAS - HSDPA dimensioning
with RAS05.
When HSDPA radio resources have been allocated to the UE, the UE is allocated
to the HSDPA DMPG pool. When the radio resource allocation to the UE is
changed away from HSDPA, the UE is removed from the HSDPA DMPG pool.
BTS prerequisites

The Nokia BTS has to be HSDPA-capable. A BTS is HSDPA-capable when at


least one cell in the BTS has support for HSDPA use.
Parameters

RNC parameters
The following RNC parameters are related to the feature:

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Maximum bit rate of NRT MAC-d flow (MaxBitRateNRTMACdflow)

Low utilisation threshold of the MAC-d flow (MACdflowutilRelThr)

Window size of the MAC-d flow throughput measurement


(MACdflowthroughputAveWin)

Low throughput threshold of the MAC-d flow


(MACdflowthroughputRelThr)

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Features

Low utilisation time to trigger of the MAC-d flow


(MACdflowutilTimetoTrigger)

Low throughput time to trigger of the MAC-d flow


(MACdflowthroughputTimetoTrigger)

HS-DSCH guard timer due to low throughput


(HSDSCHGuardTimerLowThroughput)

HS-DSCH guard time after switching to DCH due to HO


(HsdschGuardTimerHO)

SHO of the HSDPA capable UE (HSDPARRCdiversity)

HS-DSCH QoS classes (HSDSCHQoSclasses)

Minimum bitrate for HSDPA associated UL DCH


(HSDPAminAllowedBitrateUL)

Initial bitrate for HSDPA associated UL DCH (HSDPAinitialBitrateUL)

HSDPA priority (HSDPAPriority)

For more information on the RNC parameters and their location in GUI, see
WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.

WBTS parameters
The following WBTS parameters are related to the feature:
.

PtxnonHSDPA averaging window size for LC (WinLCHSDPA)

Shared HSDPA AAL2 allocation (SharedHSDPAallocation)

Number of overbooked HSDPA users (NbrOfOverbookedHSDPAUsers)

Release timer for shared HSDPA allocation


(ReleaseTimerForSharedHSDPAallocation)

Shared HSDPA AAL2 VCC selection method


(SharedHSDPAVCCSelectionMethod)

Shared HSDPA flow control allocation


(SharedHSDPAFlowControlAllocation)

For more information on the WBTS parameters and their location in GUI, see
WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.

WCEL parameters
The following WCEL parameters are related to the feature:

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High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)

Target for transmitted non-HSDPA power (PtxTargetHSDPA)

Maximum allowed HSDPA power (PtxMaxHSDPA)

Offset for transmitted non-HSDPA power (PtxOffsetHSDPA)

HSDPA FMCS identifier (HsdpaFmcsIdentifier)

HSDPA FMCI identifier (HSDPAFmciIdentifier)

HSDPA FMCG identifier (HSDPAFmcgIdentifier)

HSDPA enabled (HSDPAenabled)

Operational HS-DSCH state (HsDschOpState)

HSDPA Capability (HSDPAcapability)

Directed RRC connection setup enabled (DirectedRRCEnabled)

HSDPAenabled must not be enabled before the other parameters have been
configured.
HSDPAcapability is a read-only parameter and cannot be modified by the user.
For more information on the WCEL parameters and their location in GUI, see
WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.

ADJS parameters
.

HSDPA HOPS identifier (HSDPAHopsIdentifier)

For more information on the ADJS parameters and their location in GUI, see
WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.

FMCS parameters
The following FMCS parameters are related to the feature:

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Addition Window (AdditionWindow )

Addition Time (AdditionTime)

Addition Reporting Interval (AdditionReportingInterval)

CPICH Ec/No Filter Coefficient (EcNoFilterCoefficient)

CPICH Ec/No HHO Threshold (HHoEcNoThreshold)

CPICH Ec/No HHO Time Hysteresis (HHoEcNoTimeHysteresis)

CPICH RSCP HHO Filter Coefficient (HHoRscpFilterCoefficient)

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CPICH RSCP HHO Threshold (HHoRscpThreshold)

CPICH RSCP HHO Time Hysteresis (HHoRscpTimeHysteresis)

For more information on the FMCS parameters, and their location in GUI see
WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.

FMCI parameters
The following FMCI parameters are related to the feature:
.

IFHO caused by UE TX Power (IFHOcauseTxPwrUL)

IFHO caused by CPICH Ec/No (IFHOcauseCPICHEcNo)

IFHO caused by CPICH RSCP (IFHOcauseCPICHrscp)

UE TX Power Filter Coefficient (InterFreqUETxPwrFilterCoeff)

UE TX Power Threshold for NRT PS (InterFreqUETxPwrThrNrtPS)

UE TX Power Time Hysteresis (InterFreqUETxPwrTimeHyst)

For more information on the FMCI parameters and their location in GUI, see
WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.

FMCG parameters
The following FMCG parameters are related to the feature:
.

GSM HO caused by CPICH Ec/No (GSMcauseCPICHEcNo)

GSM HO caused by CPICH RSCP (GSMcauseCPICHrscp)

GSM HO caused by UE TX Power (GSMcauseTxPwrUL)

UE TX Power Filter Coefficient (GsmUETxPwrFilterCoeff)

UE TX Power Threshold for NRT PS (GsmUETxPwrThrNrtPS)

UE TX Power Time Hysteresis (GsmUETxPwrTimeHyst)

For more information on the FMCG parameters and their location in GUI, see
WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.

HOPS parameters
The following HOPS parameters are related to the feature:

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High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)

HHO Margin for Average Ec/No (HHOMarginAverageEcNo)

HHO Margin for Peak Ec/No (HHOMarginPeakEcNo)

Release Margin for Average Ec/No (ReleaseMarginAverageEcNo)

Release Margin for Peak Ec/No (ReleaseMarginPeakEcNo)

CPICH Ec/No Averaging Window (EcNoAveragingWindow)

Enable RRC Connection Release (EnableRRCRelease)


For more information on the HOPS parameters and their location in GUI,
see WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.

Alarms
The following alarms are related to the feature:
.

7772 Physical shared channel configuration failed

7776 HSDPA failure in WCEL

For troubleshooting instructions, see Base Station Alarms (7000-7900).

Counters
The following counters are needed when verifying that the HSDPA activation has
succeeded:
.

M1002C385 HS-DSCH MAC-D FLOW ALLOCATIONS FOR


INTERACTIVE

M1002C389 HS-DSCH MAC-D FLOW ALLOCATIONS FOR


BACKGROUND

For more information on these and other HSDPA-related counters, see RNC
Counters - RNW Part.

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Activating HSDPA

Activating HSDPA
Purpose

Follow this procedure to activate the HSDPA feature in the RNC.


Before you start

The parameters can be configured with the RNC RNW Object Browser GUI.
Steps

1.

Add DMPG units to the HSDPA pool. For instructions on this, see
Adding DMPG units to the HSDPA pool.

2.

Configure the RNC.


Start the RNC RNW Object Browser GUI and check the values for the
HSDPA-related RNC parameters. The parameters are listed in RNC
parameters, which can be found under Configuration changes and
parameterisation, in High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA). Default
values can be used initially.
For more information on how to configure RNC, see Modifying RNC
parameters.
For more information on the relevant RNC parameters, see WCDMA
RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.

3.

Configure WBTS and COCO.


For the WBTS object, set the values for the parameters listed in WBTS
parameters in High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA). As there are
no HSDPA-specific parameters for the COCO object, set the values
normally according to the transmission network planning. Default values
can be used initially.

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Features

For more information on WBTS and COCO, see Creating a WCDMA BTS
site, Modifying WCDMA BTS parameters, Creating a radio network
connection configuration and Modifying radio network connection
configuration parameters.
For more information on the relevant WBTS and COCO parameters, see
WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.
4.

Configure FMCS/FMCI/FMCG
Set the values for the parameters listed in FMCS parameters, FMCI
parameters and FMCG parameters in High-speed downlink packet access
(HSDPA). With these parameters you can adjust how sensitive the transfer
from HSDPA to the DCH channel is. Default values can be used initially.
.

FMCS is needed for HSDPA, otherwise the mobility of the UE


cannot be guaranteed. If the mobility of the HSDPA UE does not
work properly, the transfer from the HS-DSCH channel to the DCH
channel may be too early or too late. This means that the data rate
decreases or the call is cut off.

Note
It is not always necessary to create a new FMCS set for HSDPA; the same FMCS
set as for RT and NRT calls can also be used. The id of the HSDPA FMCS set
(HsdpaFmcsIdentifier) can, for example, be the same as the id of the RT or NRT
FMCS set (RtFmcsIdentifier or NrtFmcsIdentifier).

FMCI is needed if ADJI is defined for WCEL. The FMCI can be the
same as for the RT/NRT FMCI set.
FMCG is needed if ADJG is defined for WCEL. The FMCG can be
the same as for the RT/NRT FMCG set.

For more information on FMC, see Creating frequency measurement


control and Modifying frequency measurement control parameters.
For more information on the relevant FMCS, FMCI and FMCG
parameters, see WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.
5.

Configure HOPS.
Set the values for the parameters listed in HOPS parameters in High-speed
downlink packet access (HSDPA). Default values can be used initially.

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Activating HSDPA

HOPS is needed, if the HSDPA-enabled WCEL has ADJS. If HOPS is not


configured, the mobility of the UE in the network cannot be guaranteed.
For more information on HOPS, see Creating handover path and
Modifying handover path parameters.
For more information on the relevant HOPS parameters, see WCDMA
RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.
6.

Configure WCEL.
a.

b.

c.

d.

Set the values for the parameters listed in WCEL parameters in


High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA). Default values can be
used initially.
Select the HSDPA-related parameters from the HC, AC and LC tabs
in the WCEL dialogue box.
Configure the FMCS, FMCI and FMCG references with the
parameters HsdpaFmcsIdentifier, HSDPAFmciIdentifier and
HSDPAFmcgIdentifier.
Configure the core network definitions for the WCEL according to
the network planning.
For more information, see WCELCSCNId (CS Core Network
Identity) and WCELPSCNId (PS Core Network Identity) in
WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.
When the HSDPA-related parameters have been configured as
planned, set the value for the parameter HSDPAenabled to Enabled.
This activates the HSDPA functionality in the cell.

Note
In the WCEL object modification operation the WCEL must be locked before
changing the value of the parameter HSDPAenabled. The WCEL must also be
locked when modifying the parameter PtxMaxHSDPA.

For more information, see Creating a WCDMA cell and Modifying


WCDMA cell parameters. For more information on the relevant
WCEL parameters, see WCDMA RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.
7.

Configure ADJS.
Configure the ADJS for the WCEL by setting the value for the
HSDPAHopsIdentifier. Set the same value for the HSDPAHopsIdentifier as
earlier used in step 5.

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Note
This configuration is optional, but needed if the intention is to make handovers to
neighbouring cells possible.

For more information on the relevant ADJS parameters, see WCDMA


RAS05 Parameter Dictionary.
Expected outcome

The HSDPA feature is activated in the cell(s) of the RNC. The BTS informs the
RNC when HSDPA is active. The HSDPA state can be seen on the WCEL
parameter HsDschOpState. The expected state is enabled.
Unexpected outcome

If something goes wrong when the RNC requests configuration or


reconfiguration of the HSDPA channels to the BTS, the following alarm is set:

7772 Physical shared channel configuration failed


If the BTS informs that the HsDschOpState is disabled, the following alarm
occurs:

7776 HSDPA failure in WCEL


Do not cancel the alarms. The system cancels the alarms automatically when the
fault has been corrected.
Next succeeded configuration of the HSDPA channels cancels alarm 7772.
For more information on the alarms and troubleshooting instructions, see Base
Station Alarms (7000-7900).

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Verifying HSDPA

Verifying HSDPA
Purpose

When the HSDPA feature is activated, the user can verify that the activation
succeeded and that HSDPA works.
Before you start

Make sure that the BTS and RNC are configured and in the working mode. The
BTS or cell in question has to be configured so that HSDPA is activated.
Steps

1.

If M1002 Traffic measurement is not already active, start it using the


RNW Measurement Management application in RNC Element
Manager.
For more information on starting measurements, see RNC Measurement
Management, for example Management of basic RNW measurements and
Using radio network measurement management.

2.

Wait until the measurement period starts and make the PS NRT call
with a HSDPA-capable UE and download some data with the FTP.

3.

After the measurement data is collected, check that counter


M1002C385 HS-DSCH MAC-D FLOW ALLOCATIONS FOR
INTERACTIVE or M1002C389 HS-DSCH MAC-D FLOW
ALLOCATIONS FOR BACKGROUND has been updated.
The counter value may be 1 or larger depending on the number of
download sessions.
For more information on how to view measurement data, see RNC
Measurement Presentation.
For more information on counters, see RNC Counters - RNW Part and
RNC Counters - Transport and HW Part.

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Expected outcome

The HSDPA feature has been activated successfully if it works as described in


High- speed downlink packet access (HSDPA) and the counters indicating
successful MAC-D flow allocations are updated when the user downloads data
with the PS NRT connection.

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Deactivating HSDPA

Deactivating HSDPA
Purpose

Follow this procedure to deactivate the HSDPA feature.


Steps

1.

Start the RNC RNW Object Browser GUI.

2.

In the object tree of the RNC RNW Object Browser main window,
lock the WCEL object you want to modify.

3.

Right-click the WCEL object and select Open from the pop-up menu.
The Modify WCEL dialogue box opens.

4.

In the AC-related HSDPA parameters section of the dialogue box, set


the value for the HSDPAenabled parameter to the disabled mode (No).

5.

Unlock the WCEL.


For more information on WCEL parameters, see Modifying WCDMA cell
parameters.

Expected outcome

The HSDPA feature is deactivated. The WCEL goes back to the working state.
Further information

Deactivation of the HSDPA feature from the cell does not mean removal of the
DMPG unit from the pool. DMPG remains in the HSDPA pool and cannot be
used for other traffic purposes. For more information on how to delete the DMPG
unit(s) from the HSDPA pool, see Removing DMPG units from the HSDPA pool.

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HSDPA DMPG pool configuration

HSDPA DMPG pool configuration

5.1

Adding DMPG units to the HSDPA pool


Purpose

Follow this procedure to change the HSDPA DMPG pool size. Creation of the
pool can be done with a single command so that the system automatically selects
the units that are added to the pool or alternatively by adding given DMPG units
to the pool one by one. The pool size can be changed in two ways; either by
adding more DMPGs to the HSDPA pool or by removing one or all DMPGs from
the pool. This procedure instructs you how to create the pool and add more
DMPGs to the pool. For instructions on how to remove DMPGs from the pool,
see Removing DMPG units from the HSDPA pool.
Before you start

Note
The HSDPA pool can only be configured with MML commands.

Note
In the steps below DMPG-0 is used only as an example.

Steps

1.

Check that the DMPG units that are to be added to the HSDPA pool or
removed from it are in the TE state (test state) or SE-OU state.
Use the following MML command:

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ZUSI:DMPG,::PARE:;

Note
If the units are in another state than TE or SE-OU, for example in the WO-EX,
BL-EX or SE-NH state, the state must be changed.

Example 1.
WORKING STATES OF UNITS
UNIT
DMCU-0
DMPG-0
DMPG-1
DMPG-2
DMPG-3
DMCU-1
DMPG-4
DMPG-5
DMPG-6
DMPG-7

>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
>

PHYS

LOG

0018H
001AH
001BH
001CH

4470H
4471H
4472H
4473H

001DH
001EH
001FH
0020H

4474H
4475H
4476H
4477H

2004-12-14
STATE
WO-EX
WO-EX
WO-EX
WO-EX
WO-EX
WO-EX
WO-EX
WO-EX
WO-EX
WO-EX

21:58:35

INFO
8/32
0/8
0/8
0/8
8/32
0/8
0/8
0/8

NUMBER OF UNITS DISPLAYED = 10


COMMAND EXECUTED

2.

If the functional unit is in the WO-EX state, change it first to the BLEX state by giving the following command:
ZUSC:DMPG,0:BL;

Note
When the first DMPG of the DMCU in question is taken out of use, all the other
DMPGs in the same DMCU are also taken out of use.

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3.

Wait until all ongoing calls end. The unit then automatically goes to
the BL-ID state.

4.

Check the current state of the functional unit with the following
command:

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HSDPA DMPG pool configuration

ZUSI:DMPG,0:;
Example 2.
WORKING STATES OF UNITS
UNIT
DMPG-0

PHYS
> 0019H

2005-05-09

LOG
4470H

STATE
BL-ID

14:11:42

INFO
0/8

NUMBER OF UNITS DISPLAYED = 1


COMMAND EXECUTED

5.

When all the active calls have ended and the unit is in the BL-ID state,
separate it to be out of use with the following command:
ZUSC:DMPG,0:TE:;
ZUSC:DMPG,0:SE:;
Expected outcome

As a result the unit goes to the SE-OU state and is ready for service
reconfiguration.
6.

Check the service type of the DMPG unit.


Check the current service configuration and store the information in case
you need to return the DMPG in question from the HSDPA pool to its
original service configuration. Use, for example, the following command:
ZWPI:DMPG,0:;

Example 3.
RNC

IPA2800

2005-05-09

14:39:13

INFORMATION OF SERVICE CONFIGURATION


SPU
PPC
DSP
SERVICES
========== ========== =========
==========================================
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 0
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 1
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 2
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 3
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 4
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 5
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 6
CCH
|SIG

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# Nokia Corporation
Nokia Proprietary and Confidential

|RT
|RT
|RT
|RT
|RT
|RT
|RT

|SP
|SP
|SP
|SP
|SP
|SP
|SP

|NRT
|NRT
|NRT
|NRT
|NRT
|NRT
|NRT

|FP
|FP
|FP
|FP
|FP
|FP
|FP

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DMCU 0

DMPG 0

DSP 7

CCH

|SIG

|RT

|SP

|NRT

|FP

Alternatively, give the following MML command to see all functional unit
indexes and their service types:
ZWPI:ALL;
7.

Add the HSDPA service for one or several DMPG units.


a.

If you want to add the HSDPA service to many DMPG units


simultaneously, then use the following command and specify at the
same time the amount of units:
ZWPA:HSDPA::5:;
This is the recommended option.
The maximum allowed number of DMPG units in the command is
equivalent to how many units are in an allowed state (TE or SE-OU
state). With the command the system then divides the DMPG units
evenly between different DMCU units.

b.

In the example above the HSDPA service is added for five DMPG
units.
If you want to add the HSDPA service to one DMPG unit, then use
the following command:
ZWPA:HSDPA:DMPG,0:;
In the example above the HSDPA service is added for a DMPG unit
whose index is 0. With the command the system adds the HSDPA
service only to a given DMPG unit. This option is used if a certain
DMPG needs to be added to the pool.

Note
When this option is used, it is also possible to prevent faulty DMPG units from
being added to the pool (if they are in the TE or SE-OU state).

The situation should now be the following:


MAIN LEVEL COMMAND <____>
<WPI:DMPG,0:;
LOADING PROGRAM VERSION 6.3-0
RNC

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14:44:24

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HSDPA DMPG pool configuration

INFORMATION OF SERVICE CONFIGURATION


SPU
PPC
DSP
SERVICES
========== ========== =========
==========================================
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 0
HSCCH |HSSIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 1
HSCCH |HSSIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 2
HSCCH |HSSIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 3
HSCCH |HSSIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 4
HSCCH |HSSIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 5
HSCCH |HSSIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 6
HSCCH |HSSIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 7
HSCCH |HSSIG

8.

|HSNRT
|HSNRT
|HSNRT
|HSNRT
|HSNRT
|HSNRT
|HSNRT
|HSNRT

Change the reconfigured DMPG unit(s) back to the working state with
this command:
ZUSC:DMPG,0:TE:;
ZUSC:DMPG,0:WO:;

Expected outcome

New DMPG units have been added to the HSDPA pool and the pool size has
been changed. The added DMPG units come into use when the first HSDPA users
enter the BTS that has been added to the system after HSDPA pool size change.
Unexpected outcome

System restart is not normally needed. If the changes in the network, however, are
not updated otherwise, use this command to restart the system:
ZUSS::::;
After this the units are transferred to the WO-EX state and the new service
configuration is activated. The BTSs are divided evenly between the DMPG units
in the HSDPA pool.
System restart causes a break in the RNC traffic for about 15- 20 minutes and the
connection to the BTSs are cut off.

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Features

5.2

Removing DMPG units from the HSDPA pool


Purpose

Follow this procedure to change the HSDPA DMPG pool size. The pool size can
be changed in two ways; either by adding more DMPGs to the HSDPA pool or by
removing DMPGs from the pool. This procedure instructs you how to remove
DMPGs from the pool. For instructions on how to add more DMPGs to the pool,
see Adding DMPG units to the HSDPA pool.
Before you start

Note
In the steps below DMPG-0 is used only as an example.

Steps

1.

Check if the DMPG unit is configured for HSDPA purpose:


ZWPI:DMPG,0:;

2.

Check that the DMPG units that are to be added to the HSDPA pool or
removed from it are in another state than WO-EX or BL-EX. Use this
command:
ZUSI:DMPG,0::PARE;

3.

If the functional unit is in the WO-EX state, change it first to the BLEX state by giving the following command:
ZUSC:DMPG,0:BL;

Note
When the first DMPG of the DMCU in question is taken out of use, all the other
DMPGs in the same DMCU are also taken out of use.

4.

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Wait until all ongoing calls end. The unit then automatically goes to
the BL-ID state.

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HSDPA DMPG pool configuration

5.

Check the current state of the functional unit with the following
command:
ZUSI:DMPG,0:;

Example 4.
WORKING STATES OF UNITS
UNIT
DMPG-0

PHYS
> 0019H

LOG
4470H

2005-05-09
STATE
BL-ID

14:11:42

INFO
0/8

NUMBER OF UNITS DISPLAYED = 1


COMMAND EXECUTED

6.

When all the active calls have ended and the unit is in the BL-ID state,
separate it to be out of use with the following command:
ZUSC:DMPG,0:TE:;
ZUSC:DMPG,0:SE:;
Expected outcome

As a result the unit goes to the SE-OU state and is ready for service
reconfiguration.
7.

Remove one or several DMPG units from the HSDPA pool by


changing the DMPG service configuration.
a.

If you want to remove the HSDPA service from multiple DMPG


units, then use the following command:
ZWPR:HSDPA:ALL:;

Note
The ZWPR:HSDPA:ALL:; command removes all DMPG units that are not in
the WO- or BL state, from the HSDPA pool. DMPG units in other states remain
in the pool.

b.

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If you want to remove the HSDPA service from one DMPG unit,
then use the following command:
ZWPR:HSDPA:DMPG,0:;

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Note
The ZWPR:HSDPA:DMPG,0:; command removes only the given DMPG unit
(in the TE or SE-OU state) from the HSDPA pool.

8.

Verify that the services were removed:


ZWPI:DMPG,0:;

9.

Add the services which were removed before the unit was configured
for HSDPA use:
ZWPA:ALL:DMPG,0
With this command the same services are activated as for other DMPGs
which are not in the HSDPA pool. In other words, the original service
configuration for the DMPGs is returned.

10.

Check the service configuration with this command:


ZWPI:DMPG,0:;

Example 5.
RNC

IPA2800

2005-05-09

14:39:13

INFORMATION OF SERVICE CONFIGURATION


SPU
PPC
DSP
SERVICES
========== ========== =========
==========================================
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 0
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 1
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 2
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 3
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 4
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 5
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 6
CCH
|SIG
DMCU 0
DMPG 0
DSP 7
CCH
|SIG

11.

|RT
|RT
|RT
|RT
|RT
|RT
|RT
|RT

|SP
|SP
|SP
|SP
|SP
|SP
|SP
|SP

|NRT
|NRT
|NRT
|NRT
|NRT
|NRT
|NRT
|NRT

|FP
|FP
|FP
|FP
|FP
|FP
|FP
|FP

Change the reconfigured DMPG unit(s) back to the working state with
this command:
ZUSC:DMPG,0:TE:;

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HSDPA DMPG pool configuration

ZUSC:DMPG,0:WO:;
Expected outcome

The pool size has been changed when the DMPG units have been removed from
the HSDPA pool. These DMPG units can now be used for other traffic purposes.
Unexpected outcome

System restart is not normally needed. If the changes in the network, however, are
not updated otherwise, use this command to restart the system:
ZUSS::::;
After this the units are transferred to the WO-EX state and the new service
configuration is activated.

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HSDPA abbreviations

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HSDPA abbreviations
AAL2

ATM adaptation layer type 2; ATM adaptation layer that


supports variable bit rate (VBR), connection-oriented, timedependent data traffic

AC

admission control; Admission control deals with management


of available resources in a cell. Whenever a request is made
for resources at bearer setup, bearer re-negotiation or
handover, a decision process determines the actual allocation
made. The decision is based on available resources, the state
of currently allocated resources, system load and UE
capabilities.

ADJI

inter-frequency adjacency; logical adjacency object that is


used for controlling inter-frequency handovers in WCDMA

ADJG

inter-system adjacency; logical adjacency object used for


controlling inter-system handovers

ADJS

intra-frequency adjacency; logical adjacency object used for


controlling intra-frequency handovers

AMR

AMR speech codec; speech codec which adapts its operation


optimally according to the prevailing channel conditions

BTS

base transceiver station; network element in a mobile network


responsible for radio transmission and reception to or from
the mobile station

CCH

control channel; logical radio channel which carries system


management messages between a base transceiver station and
a mobile station

CPICH

common pilot channel; common control channel that provides


a reference signal for coherent detection, cell acquisition, and
handover in code division multiple access (CDMA)

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COCO

connection configuration object; managed logical object in


the radio network configuration management, displaying the
transmission in the Iub interface and specifying the Iub link
configuration to the ATM level

CDMA

code division multiple access; technique in which radio


transmissions using the same frequency band are coded in a
way that a signal from a certain transmitter can be received
only by certain receivers

CDSP-C

configurable digital signal processor; C-variant.

CS

circuit switched; switched by means of circuit switching

DCH

dedicated traffic channel; traffic channel for user traffic and


signalling

DMCU

data and macro diversity combining unit; chorus-based


computer unit in charge of UMTS L2 protocols, such as
PDCP, RLC, MAC and FP. DMCU is composed of four
DMPGs.

DMPG

data and macro diversity processor group; daughter-board in


DMCU, which has a mototrola power PC-based processor
(PQII or PQIII) and eight Texas instruments DSP processors.
The UMTS L2 protocol SW is executed in these processors.

DSCH

downlink shared channel; downlink transport channel which


is intended to carry dedicated user data and control
information, and which can be shared among several users

DSP

digital signal processor; processor designed for signal


handling, resembling an ordinary microprocessor

Ec/No

chip energy per total noise (total wideband power); ratio of


energy per modulating bit to the noise spectral density

FMCI

inter-frequency measurement control; logical frequency


measurement control (FMC) object which includes a set of
parameters for controlling measurements for inter-frequency
handovers in WCDMA

FMCG

inter-system measurement control; logical frequency


measurement control (FMC) object which includes a set of
parameters for controlling measurements for inter-system
handovers

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HSDPA abbreviations

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FMCS

intra-frequency measurement control; logical frequency


measurement control (FMC) object which includes a set of
parameters for controlling measurements for intra-frequency
handovers

FTP

file transfer protocol; application protocol, part of the TCP/IP


protocol stack, used for transferring files between network
nodes

HOPS

intra-frequency handover path; logical handover path object


which includes a set of parameters for controlling the intrafrequency handover

HSDPA

high-speed downlink packet access; wideband code division


multiple access (WCDMA) key feature which provides high
data rate transmission in downlink to support multimedia
services

HS-DSCH

high speed downlink shared channel. See defintion for


DSCH.

Iub

Iub interface; interface between the radio network controller


(RNC) and the base transceiver station

MAC-D

dedicated medium access control; medium access control


mode which allows the user data to be carried to one mobile
station only

MML

man-machine language; text-based command language with a


standardised structure, designed to facilitate direct user
control of a system

NBAP

node B application part; control protocol between the base


transceiver station and radio network controller (RNC)

NRT

non-real time; type of communication that happens in


segments of information, with pauses of variable length
between the segments

PS

packet switched; switched by means of packet switching

RAN

radio access network; third generation network that provides


mobile access to a number of core networks of both mobile
and fixed origin

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RAS

radio access system; network access system based on


transmission and reception of radio frequency signals

RNC

radio network controller; network element in a radio access


network, which is in charge of controlling the use and
integrity of the radio resources

RNW

radio network; telecommunication network which uses only


radio links as transmission links

RRC

radio resource control; sublayer of radio interface layer 3


which exists only in the control plane and which provides
information transfer services to the non-access stratum

RSCP

received signal code power; average power of the received


signal after despreading and combining, if only signal power
is received

SHO

soft handover; handover which occurs between different base


stations and where the radio links are added and abandoned in
such a manner that the user equipment always keeps at least
one radio link to the radio access network (RAN)

TX

radio transmitter; assembly of devices which generates,


modulates and amplifies a radio-frequency signal and couples
it to an antenna for radiation into space as electromagnetic
waves

UE

user equipment; device allowing a user to access network


services

VCC

virtual channel connection; concatenation of virtual channel


links that forms an ATM connection between a transmitting
party and a receiving party, and in which both virtual path and
virtual channel identifiers are used

WBTS

WCDMA base station; base transceiver station of the third


generation network

WCEL

WCDMA cell; cell of the third generation network

WSP

signal processing unit (in Nokia wideband BTS)

WCDMA

wideband code division multiple access; spread spectrum


CDMA technique used to increase the capacity and coverage
of wireless communication networks

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HSDPA abbreviations

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WSPA

WSP type A

WSPC

WSP type C

QoS

quality of service; collective effect of service performance,


which determines the degree of satisfaction of a service user

3G

3rd generation mobile communications; digital wideband


mobile communication system that aims at worldwide use

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Related Topics

Related Topics
High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)
Instructions
Activating HSDPA
Verifying HSDPA
Deactivating HSDPA
Adding DMPG units to the HSDPA pool
Removing DMPG units from the HSDPA pool

Descriptions
HSDPA overview

Deactivating HSDPA
Descriptions
High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)

Adding DMPG units to the HSDPA pool


Descriptions
High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)

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Features

Removing DMPG units from the HSDPA pool


Descriptions
High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)

HSDPA abbreviations
Descriptions
High-speed downlink packet access (HSDPA)

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