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Pricing in Delivery
Print This Post Email This Post Written by admin on Apr 22nd, 2009 | Filed under
: SAP General
Pricing is an intrinsic part of Sales & Distribution. System has provided extens
ive features to map various pricing scenarios in business environment. Pricing ter
m is used to explain the calculation of prices for customers or vendors and cost
s for internal purposes. Conditions are extensively used in pricing. These represe
nt a set of circumstances that apply when a price is calculated. These are based
on many variable factors like Customer, Material, Order quantity, Period etc.
Condition technique is main basis of pricing in sales. Condition Technique is a
method designed in SAP which is utilized in various functionalities. In Pricing
this method is used by system to determine prices. There are various elements us
ed in condition technique, which are setup and controlled in customizing. A vari
ety of important information like which gross price and what discounts are appli
cable to which customer in sales order is determined by condition technique in s
ystem. It is a universal technique, the basic elements of which remain same in d
ifferent functionalities of Sales & Distribution.
Following elements are used in condition technique in pricing:
Condition Types : Condition type is representation in system of some aspect of d
aily pricing activities in business environment. For each kind of price in busin
ess transaction a condition type can be created in customizing. Example for Pric

es, Surcharge, Discount etc. Various Controls are provided in condition type def
inition in customizing to suit the numerous price types. System has predefined c
ondition types for all categories of price types. These are utilized in the stan
dard pricing procedures used for standard scenarios. Standard condition types ar
e normally copied to new customer condition types and modified to suit specific
pricing requirements in business transactions.
Condition Table: Condition table defines combination of fields that identify a c
ondition record. Specific condition data is stored in system as condition record
Access Sequences: Access Sequence is a search strategy used by system to find va
lid condition record for particular condition type. It determines the sequence i
n which search is conducted.
Access sequence consists of one or more accesses. This sequence establishes whic
h condition records have priority and it tells the system where to look first, s
econd and so on till a valid record is found.
Access sequence contains the condition tables and the standard procedure to main
tain the sequence of condition table is from Most Specific to General .
Pricing Procedures: Pricing Procedure is a group of condition types arranged in
particular sequence to have correct prices being determined in a sales document.
Various controls of pricing are setup in Pricing procedure like
* Processing condition types manually
* Requirements for specific condition types
* Printing of Condition types, etc.
Standard system contains many pre-defined pricing procedures for various busines
s scenarios. These contain frequently used condition types again pre-defined in
Pricing in delivery is used in cases where packaging costs need to be displayed
at delivery level or in Retail where retail price (i.eprice paid by end customer
) is to be displayed for each article on delivery notes. In Retail this price ca
n also be used by pickers when price is printed on picking labels. Pricing in de
livery provides additional information in identifying articles during goods rece
ipt and goods issue.