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KOREA NATIONAL OIL CORPORATION

VIETNAM OFFICE

RONG DOI GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT

HARMONIC PENETRATION ANALYSIS


As per MOM KNOC UL-0004 DEV/S dated 27th April 05, it is concluded that detailed
harmonic analysis calculation is not necessary for Electrical Power System of Rong Doi Gas
Field Development Project. Accordingly this document is issued without change and shall be
treated as final.

DISCIPLINE

ARCH

CONST

ELECT

INSTR

MATRL

MECH

PIPING

PIPELINE

PROCESS

SAFETY

STRUC

SIGN/DATE

D1

28-APR-05

APPROVED FOR CONSTRUCTION

YSN

JUB/MSH

BSK

C1

28-APR-05

APPROVED FOR DESIGN

YSN

JUB/MSH

BSK

B1

28-JAN-05

ISSUED FOR APPROVAL

HFS

BK

KCG

TM

A1

26-JAN-05

ISSUED FOR DIC / IDR

HFS

BK

Rev.

Date

Description

By

Checked

Approved

QA

Client

This document is the property of KECS any unauthorized use of the same will be prosecuted.
Total or partial reproduction and/or utilization of this document are forbidden without prior written authorization of the Owner
Korea
National Oil Corporation
Vietnam Office

Category

Code Description

Facility

200

Common

Phase

30

Detailed Engineering

Discipline

Electrical Engineering

Type

CA

Calculation

Project
Number

Facility

Phase

Discipline

Type

Sequence
Number

Revision
Code

VN01

200

30

CA

8007

D1

RONG DOI GAS FIELD DEVELOPMENT PROJECT


HARMONIC PENETRATION ANALYSIS

TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION

DESCRIPTION

PAGE

1.0

INTRODUCTION

2.0

OBJECTIVE

3.0

ACCEPTABLE HARMONIC DISTORTION LIMITS

4.0

STUDIES

4.1
4.2

3
3

CURRENT TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION (THDI)


VOLTAGE TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION (THDU)

5.0

SYSTEM PARAMETERS

6.0

HARMONIC PARAMETERS

6.1
6.2
6.3
6.4

5
6
6
7

7.0

VSD FOR STARTING MOTOR


UPS AND DC CHARGERS
THYRISTER HEATER
LIGHTING

SYSTEM CONSIDERATION

7.1
7.2

9
9

OPERATING CONDITIONS
ASSUMPTION

8.0

METHODOLOGY

10

9.0

CALCULATION

10

10.0

RESULTS

10

11.0

RESULT ANALYSIS

11

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SECTION

DESCRIPTION

PAGE

12.0

RECOMMENDATION

12

13.0

REFERENCES

12

APPENDICES
APPENDIX A

HARMONIC ANALYSIS REPORT CASE - I

APPENDIX B

HARMONIC ANALYSIS REPORT CASE - II

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1.0

INTRODUCTION
The Kvaerner Engineering and Construction Singapore Pte Ltd (KECS) has
been engaged by a HHI who have been awarded EPIC contract for the project to
undertake certain design and engineering activities for a Rong Doi Gas
Development Project operated by KNOC.
The Rong Doi and Rong Doi Tay Fields are located in Block 11-2 in the Nam Con
Son Basin offshore Vietnam.
The Rong Doi and Rong Doi Tay Fields (RD and RDT) are located approximately
320km to the south-east of Vung Tau and were discovered in 1995 and 1996
respectively by KNOC, working as the Operator on behalf of a consortium of seven
Korean companies. The Rong Doi Tay Field is located approximately 2.5km to the
west of Rong Doi.
The current development schedule will achieve a First Gas Date of 30 September
2006. The field and facilities are designed to deliver an average of 130MMscfd of
sales gas but will have the capacity to produce up to 175MMscfd of sales gas for
short periods.
The objective of the Rong Doi and Rong Doi Tay development is to design, install,
produce and deliver pipeline specification gas to the gas purchaser PetroVietnam, as
per the terms of the Gas Sales and Purchase Agreement (GSPA).
The facilities shall consist of a Wellhead Platform bridge connected (80m) to a
Production Utilities Quarters Compression Platform (PUQC). An FSO will be
installed to receive stabilized condensate stripped from the gas via a 2.5 Km long 6"
line. The gas will be transported by a 58 Km 18 pipeline to a Wye in Namcon Son
gas trunk line operated by BP.
Drilling activities will be performed by a jack-up rig with all weather capability.

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2.0

OBJECTIVE
Harmonic analysis has been carried out to study the performance of the electrical
system with harmonic loads. The purpose of harmonic analysis is to arrive at the
total harmonic distortion at various locations due to harmonic producing loads in
the network and to determine the corrective measures required to reduce the
harmonic distortion to acceptable levels. Normally harmonic analysis is conducted
when harmonic producing loads exceed 10% of total load. In Rong Doi Gas Field
Development Project, the harmonic producing loads such as UPS, rectifiers,
variable speed drives, thyrister control heaters and lighting constitutes more than
10% of total running loads. This has necessitated to conduct detail harmonic
analysis for the complete Generation and Distribution System for Rong Doi Project.
This study considered the impact of the harmonic producing equipment installed on
Wellhead Platform (WHd) and Production Utilities Quarters Compression Platform
(PUQC).

3.0

ACCEPTABLE HARMONIC DISTORTION LIMITS


The total harmonic voltage distortion shall be limited to following values as
indicated in Table 3.1 in compliance to IEC 61000.
TABLE 3.1

LOAD DESCRIPTION

TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION


(VOLTAGE)
THDU

Sensitive Loads
(UPS, Computer, PCS, Printers, Monitors)

5%

Industrial Loads
(Motors, Heaters, Capacitor Lighting,
Actuators)

8%

Note :

As per agreed design basis, the THD (V) shall be limited to 5% in Rong Doi
Electrical Power Distribution System.

The total harmonic current distortion limits THD (I) is not well defined in IEC for
power distribution system. The total current distortion limits are considered as per
IEEE 519-1992. The individual harmonic current and total harmonic current
distortion limits are defined in IEEE Std 519 Table 10.3 and the same is reproduced
below for information. The current distortion limits for distribution system are
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indicated in Table 3.2 below.


TABLE 3.2 - CURRENT DISTORTION LIMITS FOR GENERAL DISTRIBUTION
SYSTEM (120V THROUGH 69,000V
MAXIMUM HARMONIC CURRENT DISTORTION IN PERCENTAGE OF IL
Individual Harmonic Order (Odd Harmonics)
Isc/IL

<I1

<I1<h<I7

<I7<h<I23

<I23<h<I35

35<h

TDD

<20*

4.0

2.0

1.5

0.6

0.3

5.0

20<50

7.0

3.5

2.5

1.0

0.5

8.0

50<100

10.0

4.5

4.0

1.5

0.7

12.0

100<1000

12.0

5.5

5.0

2.0

1.0

15.0

>1000

15.0

7.0

6.0

2.5

1.4

20.0

Even harmonics are limited to 25% of the odd harmonic limits above.
Current distortions that result in a dc offset, e.g., half-wave converters are not allowed.
*All power generation equipment is limited to these values of current distortion, regardless of actual Isc/IL
Where
Isc = maximum demand shrt-circuit at PCC
IL = maximum demand load current (fundamental frequency component) at PCC

4.0

STUDIES
Following studies have been carried out:

4.1

Harmonic analysis for current harmonics.


Harmonic analysis for voltage harmonics.

CURRENT TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION (THDI)


THDI = 100 x SQRT ( IH2n) / IHL
Where:

4.2

IHn :
IHL :

n = 2, 3

Rms value of the nth current harmonic.


Rms value of fundamental current.

VOLTAGE TOTAL HARMONIC DISTORTION (THDU)


THDV = 100 x SQRT ( VH2n) / VHL
Where:

VHn :

n = 2, 3

Rms value of the nth voltage harmonic.

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VHL :

5.0

Rms value of fundamental voltage.

SYSTEM PARAMETERS
The electrical network for Rong Doi Gas Field Development Project has been
planned as per Electrical Overall Key Single Line Diagram drawing number VN01200-30-E-DW-1100. Harmonic Penetration Analysis has been carried out for the
entire system network in WHd and PUQC considering all harmonic sources. The
basic network parameters for the Electrical Distribution System are as follows:
TABLE 5.1 - GENERATOR PARAMETERS

DESCRIPTION

RATING

%
IMPEDANCE

MAX. POWER
OUTPUT AT
SITE
CONDITION

REMARKS

Generator 230-GT-8001A

1500 kVA /
400 V

12.0 %

1000 kW

Generator 230-GT-8001B

1500 kVA /
400 V

12.0 %

1000 kW

Generator 230-GT-8001C

1500 kVA /
400 V

12.0 %

1000 kW

Emergency Generator 230-GD-8002

750 kVA /
400 V

9.0 %

600 kW

TABLE 5.2 - NER PARAMETERS

6.0

DESCRIPTION

IMPEDANCE

REMARKS

230-NER-8001A

4.6

230-NER-8001B

4.6

230-NER-8001C

4.6

230-NER-8002

4.6

HARMONIC PARAMETERS
The electrical network at Rong Doi Gas Field Development Project WHd and
PUQC Platform feeds various types of loads. The major harmonic producing loads
are as follows:

Variable speed drives for Generator & Compressor starting motor

AC UPS
Battery chargers (GT & Nav Aids)

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6.1

Thyrister heater

VSD FOR STARTING MOTOR


There are three (3) VSD drives for gas turbine generator starting motor and one (1)
VSD drive for flash gas compressor starting motor. However, each VSD is
assumed to produce the harmonic current content as per IEEE 519 and same is
detailed in Table 5.2. This assumption is made in view of VSD shall be procured to
meet IEEE 519 requirement.
Under normal operation, one (1) VSD drive for flash gas compressor is considered
as continuous harmonic source contributing to the electrical network. While during
emergency operation, one (1) VSD drive for gas turbine generator shall be deem as
harmonic source. They are connected to LVS A switchboard and Table 6.1 shows
the VSD rating considered for this study.
TABLE 6.1 VSD LOAD RATING
VSD TAG

VSD RATING (kVA)


SWB-8301

A-8001A

98.8

KM-2401

384.3

TABLE 6.2 - HARMONIC CURRENT IN VSD


HARMONIC ORDER

COMPONENT CURRENT % OF
FUNDAMENTAL

100

11

13

17

1.5

19

1.5

23

0.6

25

0.6

29

0.6

31

0.6

35

0.3

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Note :

6.2

HARMONIC ORDER

COMPONENT CURRENT % OF
FUNDAMENTAL

37

0.3

The above data used is defined by IEEE Std 519-1992 Table 10.3. This value shall
be applied for all VSD. However actual vendor data shall be used once it becomes
available.

UPS AND DC CHARGERS


There are two (2) UPS, each rated at 40kVA output, four (4) Gas Turbine DC
Battery Chargers each rated at 12kVA, and one (1) Navigational Aids battery
Charger rated at 3kVA (Refer section 7.1 for operational consideration). In this
harmonic study, the UPS loads are separately modelled while the Battery Charger
loads are lumped at respective switchboard. The harmonic current content at UPS
and DC Chargers is also considered as per IEEE 519 and same is given in Table 6.3
below.
TABLE 6.3 - HARMONIC CURRENT IN UPS & BATTERY CHARGER

Note :

6.3

HARMONIC ORDER

COMPONENT CURRENT % OF
FUNDAMENTAL

100

11

13

17

1.5

19

1.5

23

0.6

25

0.6

29

0.6

31

0.6

35

0.3

37

0.3

The above data used is defined by IEEE Std 519-1992 Table 10.3. This value shall
be applied for all UPS and Battery Charger. However actual vendor data shall be
used once it becomes available.

THYRISTER HEATER

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Heater load that utilised thyrister control will contribute harmonic and thus
considered as harmonic source. There are three (3) heater loads considered for
harmonic study as shown in Table 6.4. The harmonic current content is assumed o
be the same for all heaters as detailed in Table 6.5.
TABLE 6.4 HEATER LOAD RATING

TAG NO.

Continuous Load

DESCRIPTION

kW

kVAR

69.0

44.6

SWB-8301 Switchboard A
E-4401

Fuel Gas Superheater

SWB-8401 Switchboard B
E-4101

HP Flare Drum Heater

31.6

0.0

E-4801

Closed Drains Drum Heater

125.0

142.3

TABLE 6.5 - HARMONIC CURRENT IN THYRISTER HEATER

Note :

6.4

HARMONIC ORDER

COMPONENT CURRENT % OF
FUNDAMENTAL

100

11

13

17

1.5

19

1.5

23

0.6

25

0.6

29

0.6

31

0.6

35

0.3

37

0.3

The above data used is defined by IEEE Std 519-1992 Table 10.3. However actual
vendor data shall be used once it becomes available.

LIGHTING

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Lighting Loads (Fluorescent fixture, high pressure sodium vapour incandescent


lamp) under normal operating conditions does not produce harmonics. However
during starting specially the chokes do produce harmonics. The impact of
harmonics during starting of chokes operated lighting fixture are ignored due to
short duration
The emergency light fitting with inbuilt battery charger do produce harmonics
continuously. The light fitting with electronic controls also produces harmonics.
The harmonics content of such light fittings shall be limited to IEEE 519.
The impact of harmonic producing lighting loads is evaluated. The harmonic
current content is assumed to be same as per IEEE 519. The emergency lighting
loads is estimated as follows;
TABLE 6.6 - EMERGENCY LIGHTING LOAD

S/No.

DESCRIPTION

Continuous Load
kW

kVAR

Platform

15.0

7.26

Living Quarter

12.0

5.81

TABLE 6.7 - HARMONIC CURRENT IN LIGHTING LOAD


HARMONIC ORDER

COMPONENT CURRENT % OF
FUNDAMENTAL

100

11

13

17

1.5

19

1.5

23

0.6

25

0.6

29

0.6

31

0.6

35

0.3

37

0.3

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Note :

The above data used is defined by IEEE Std 519-1992 Table 10.3. However actual
vendor data shall be used once it becomes available.

7.0

SYSTEM CONSIDERATION

7.1

OPERATING CONDITIONS
Harmonic analysis has been carried out using EDSA with the above parameters.
Normal electrical power system operation has been considered, while the harmonic
sources in the electrical network have been considered under full production
condition.
The impact of harmonics on the system is highest where the system has maximum
impedance. The harmonic contribution of the VSD drive for starting AC motor has
been considered despite the short duration during starting. To check maximum
impact, however it may not be necessary to consider for sizing filter etc. Only one
(1) such VSD drive shall be connected at any one time depending on the operation.
The complete interconnected network has been simulated for harmonic study.
Both 40kVA AC UPS are normally loaded to 50% capacity but during emergency
generator operation, only one is considered as 100% loaded. Although DC battery
chargers for Gas Turbines shall be operating at full capacity for short duration but to
observe maximum impact they have been considered as continuous load.
For the purpose of harmonic analysis, all the major loads have been considered
including all supporting process loads in the network. The harmonic source is
separately modelled where individual load has been represented in the network. The
lump load model that contain harmonic, its contribution is lumped under the
respective LVS A or LVS B switchboard.
Note : Please note that Electrical Power Generation and Distribution System for Rong Doi Gas
Field Development project has been designed to feed electrical loads of PUQC platform &
WHd platform only. The drilling loads, workover loads or any other external loads are not
considered in design and shall not be feed from this power system. The drilling and
workover loads usually have high harmonic content and may adversely affect the power
system.

7.2

ASSUMPTION
a)

The amplitude of all the harmonic sources considered is based on IEEE

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standards 519 Table 10.3.

8.0

b)

Cable impedance has been considered as per Kukdong Cable Vendor data
available, and Motor parameters where not available are assumed based on
IEC / IEEE standards, while generator sub transient reactance used are based
on data supplied by KNOC / HHI.

c)

Non harmonic loads are simulated as lumped load where not indicated.
Harmonic producing loads are combined together with non harmonic
producing loads under LVS A and LVS B switchboard for harmonic
analysis.

METHODOLOGY
Harmonic study has been carried out on the EDSA Technical 2004 (Electrical
Design and System Analysis) Software of EDSA Micro Corporation USA.

9.0

CALCULATION
Refer to Appendix A and B for EDSA computer printout report.

10.0

RESULTS
Below is a series of tabulated result for two (2) cases of the Harmonic Analysis
conducted under Normal Operation where all loads for production are connected,
and Emergency Operation where only essential loads in switchboard LVS A are
connected.
Although relative harmonic impact will be higher during start up of emergency
generator as loads on it will comprise of mainly AC UPS and lighting. But it will
persist for small duration i.e. switching transients and step loading till other loads
on Living Quarters are activated. This transitional period should be minimised. The
emergency transitional period is not analysed due to short duration.
The total harmonic voltage distortion THD(V) and total harmonic current distortion
THD(I) are evaluated on each bus / link and same is reported under respective case.

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Case I - Normal Operation


TABLE 10.1
VOLTAGE
(VOLTS)

THD(V)
%

THD(I)
%

SWB-8301

400

1.02

1.59

SWB-8401

400

1.02

1.17

MCC-8302

400

1.00

5.22

DP-8203

400

0.31

6.79

DP-8204

400

0.31

6.79

400

1.02

0.49

VOLTAGE
(VOLTS)

THD(V)
%

THD(I)
%

SWB-8301

400

0.84

2.68

SWB-8401

MCC-8302

400

0.82

8.15

DP-8203

400

0.62

6.79

DP-8204

LOCATION(BUS)
PUQC Platform

WHD Platform
MCC-8402

Case II - Emergency Operation


TABLE 10.2

LOCATION(BUS)
PUQC Platform

WHD Platform
MCC-8402

11.0

RESULT ANALYSIS
The harmonic analysis indicates that voltage distortion on all the switchboards,
MCC and distribution buses are within normal industry acceptable level of 5%. The
maximum total voltage distortion THD(V) for the two (2) cases is only 1.02% on
SWB-8301, SWB-8401 & MCC-8402 switchboard. This is not considered to be
significant to the system network and is acceptable for industrial loads. The

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maximum total current distortion THD(I) 8.15% is observed at switchboard MCC8302 for living quarter loads. This information shall be used when sizing circuit
breakers along this path. Further UPS vendor to limit output harmonic current
distortion less than 5%, in view of the 6.79% THD(I) at the AC UPS distribution
panel.

12.0

RECOMMENDATION
The Electrical distribution network at Rong Doi Gas Field Development Project has
been analysed in detail to check the suitability under normal and emergency
operating conditions with harmonic producing loads. Since the harmonic distortion
is within acceptable limits, there is no need to apply separate harmonic filter in
Rong Doi distribution system.

13.0

REFERENCES
VN01-200-25-E-PH-0001

Electrical Systems Philosophy

VN01-200-30-E-DW-1100

Electrical Overall Key Single Line Diagram

VN01-200-30-E-CA-8001

Load Flow Analysis

VN01-200-30-E-ST-8002

Electrical Load List - Normal, Emergency & UPS

VN01-200-30-E-CA-8003

Short Circuit Analysis

VN01-200-30-E-CA-8004

Voltage Drop And Cable Sizing Calculations

VN01-200-30-E-CA-8005

Motor Start-up Analysis On Large Load

VN01-200-30-E-CA-8009

Main & Emergency Generator Capacity Study &


Calculations

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APPENDIX A
HARMONIC ANALYSIS REPORT
CASE - I
(9 SHEETS)

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APPENDIX B
HARMONIC ANALYSIS REPORT
CASE - II
(7 SHEETS)

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