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April 2008

See Story on page 18 . . .

Wyoming Wings
The Wyoming Wings is an autho-
rized magazine published three
times a year in the interest of the
members of Wyoming Wing,

Commander’s Corner
Civil Air Patrol. The printers
are a private firm in no way con-
nected with the Department of
the Air Force or Civil Air Patrol.
Opinions expressed by the pub- Colonel Stan Skrabut, CAP Commander
lishers and writers are their own
and not to be considered official By the time this issue hits are on our way. The follow-
expression by Civil Air Patrol or the streets, I will have been ing individuals were recog-
the Air Force. The appearance of assigned as Wing Commander nized for their particularly
advertisements in this publica- for over one year. It is amazing outstanding performance and
tion, including supplements and how fast time has gone by. I noteworthy contributions in
inserts, does not constitute an
endorsement by Civil Air Patrol
am looking forward to what the going above and beyond their
or the Department of the Air future has to hold. Since the last assigned duties: Major George
Force of products and services time I wrote, a number of things Twitchell, Major Donald
advertised. have occurred, and the future Barker, Captain John Burkett,
H HEADQUARTERS H looks to be as busy as ever. and Cadet Chris Hodges.
Wyoming Wing
In October, Air Force and In November, Lt. Col. Davis
Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol evaluators ran organized two activities that
Bldg. 233
us through the paces by evaluat- were carried out simultaneous;
Warren AFB
ing us in our search and rescue a Training Leaders of Cadets
(307) 773-4519
(SAR), disaster response (DR), course and a NCO Academy
Fax (307) 773-4783
and homeland security (HLS) for cadets. According to those
missions. The final result was in attendance, these were two
H Mailing Address H that we were rated “excellent!” exceptional courses masterfully
Wyoming Wing I have been told that we are executed; again, a reflection
Civil Air Patrol the first wing in our region to of his exceptional leadership
P. O. Box 9507 earn such a grade over the past skills. I want to thank him and
Cheyenne, WY 82003-9507 couple of years. I was thrilled his team for another great job.
Wing Commander with the result; a result not pos- Eric, congrats on your Air
Colonel Stan Skabut sible without the hard work Force promotion to Lieutenant
and support of the Wyoming Colonel… you deserve it.
Editor Wing. Great Job! Information Major Ken Johnston has
1st Lt. Jeanne Stone-Hunter Technology, SDIS, Planning joined the wing staff in two
For information on Section Chief, Ground Teams, important functions: Inspector
advertising rates and space, Ground Branch Director, and General and check pilot. We
please call Aircrews earned an excellent certainly have a need for
1-800-635-6036 rating. Naturally, we have these two tasks to be filled. I
some areas to work on, but we Continued on page 13 . . .

Is Coming!
Encampment will be upon us before we know it. Staff cadets
and senior members will gather at Camp Guernsey on July 31 and
trainee cadets will arrive on the following Saturday (Aug 2).
As of March 1, several staff positions are still available. For the
senior side of things I am still looking for a deputy commander, tacti-
cal officers and chaplain/moral leadership officer. Please contact me
at wtr@tctwest.net if interested to see if positions are still available.
C/1st Lt. Gould, the cadet commander, is still looking for people
for her staff. Flight sergeants, flight commanders, a first sergeant
and support staff are needed to make this encampment a success.
Cadets interested in being on staff should contact her directly at
heather342@msn.com to see if positions are still available.
I am also looking for a qualified rappel master to come for one
day to instruct the cadets on the intricacies of rappelling. Our
schedule can be somewhat flexible to accommodate a qualified
individual. Please let me know if you can provide this service or
know of someone who can.
In order to beef up our curriculum the encampment could also
use more presenters in the area of aerospace education and
active/retired Air Force members to discuss Air Force fundamen-
tals. Please let me know if you can help.
Get all the latest news on the encampment website at http://
Major BJ Carlson • 307-587-4275 • wtr@tctwest.net
Trainees Needed
The 3rd Annual Wyoming Wing Cadet Encampment
will be held from August 2-August 10. Cadets who have
not attended an encampment before are required to
attend an encampment before they can become a cadet
officer or participate in national special activities in
Civil Air Patrol.
Many exciting activities are planned for the
weeklong encampment. Blackhawk helicopter and
C-130 rides are scheduled along with the FATS (Fire
Arms Training Simulator), obstacle course and more.
Cadets will leave encampment with a better knowledge
of Civil Air Patrol and leadership skills to help them on
their way up the ranks in CAP.
WY Wing cadets should have received an invitation
to attend the encampment. Remember that the
deadline for application is May 31, 2008. Additional
information can be accessed on the website link at
Cadet Jeremiah Longo
Nominated for Naval

C C/Capt. Jeremiah Longo

was one of two Cody High
School students and of 26 stu-
dents statewide, nominated
to a military academy by
Wyoming Congresswoman
Barbara Cubin. “My mom was
even more excited than I was,”
Longo told the Cody Enterprise
Newspaper. “I didn’t know she
could be so happy.”
“You sit in front a bunch
of old people with glasses
on the end of their noses and Cadet Jeremiah Longo
a n s w e r q u e s tions,” Longo
said of the interview process.
“A couple of weeks later I
Earns Earhart
received my letter.” C/1st Lt. Jeremiah Longo of the Cody Cadet Squadron was
The nominees were selected promoted to the rank of Cadet Captain in a simple ceremony at
using many guidelines includ- the end of January. Major BJ Carlson, squadron commander
ing character, leadership, aca- and Deb LaVance, Jeremiah’s mother, officially pinned on the
demic achievement, physical Captain circles as the squadron members watched.
aptitude, medical fitness, goals Cadet Longo has been in Civil Air Patrol since May of 2004.
and motivation. He has progressed steadily through the ranks and has been the
“I knew I wanted an action- squadron’s cadet commander for the past year. He has attended
packed job and the military is National Blue Beret and Cadet Officer School, where he was
the way to go,” Longo said. able to learn valuable ES and leadership skills. At the local level
Longo will be screened Cadet Longo has achieved Level 1 in Ground Team and has com-
by academy officials to deter- pleted the requirements for Flight Marshaler and UDF. He has
mine admission to the acad- helped organize and lead local and wing activities.
emy. Longo hopes to become a Cadet Longo has applied to the Naval Academy and hopes to
Marine officer after completing attend after graduating from Cody High School in May of 2008.
the Naval Academy.
“I had an opportunity this
summer to attend a weeklong camp and it was outstanding,” he said. “It blew my mind.”
Longo will have to wait until later this spring to find out if he’s been accepted.

11 11
Commander’s Corner
Continued from page 1 . . .
am looking forward to what Early in February, I had an Other exercises and events
Major Johnston brings to the opportunity to speak for the will be added as they become
team. He recently traveled to Challenger Learning Center known.
Independence, Kansas to learn project in Gillette, Wyoming. Our membership has taken
about the glass cockpit; he will Major Toni Brown invited me, a beating over the past year; we
be bringing everyone else up to and I spoke about the great have gone from membership in
speed. Welcome aboard, Ken. opportunities that cadets had to the 240s to the 220s. To help
In January, Major Johnston learn about aerospace educa- address this, we have taken the
brought our new aircraft tion. The Challenger Learning following steps:
(N294CP) to Wyoming. This Center is a great program 1) When national sends us a
aircraft is being loaded with that will not only benefit the prospective member roster, we
SDIS equipment, and will community but also Civil Air send a letter to the individual
remain in Cheyenne. We will Patrol. Here is a link to more letting them know where there
then be moving 3CP to Jackson, information: http://www.chal- is a meeting location. We also
35E will move to Cowley, and lenger.org/ ask the near by commander to
9SP will remain in Casper. As I mentioned earlier, we contact the individual.
Presently, we are transferring have a number of activities 2) Lt. Col. Davis and his
55X to Utah. There is a lot to coming up. team have put out a recruiting
learn about these new aircraft,
it is important that we work sCHeDUleD ACTiviTies
on this training. Also, weather Check pilot school 4-6 Apr 08 Idaho Falls, ID
has been beating us up; we
have had virtually no flying all Wing Commanders School 6-12 April
during the winter. I am sure Region Cadet Competition 11-13 April Salt Lake City, UT
everyone is looking forward to Wing conference 25-27 April 2008 Cheyenne, WY
getting out for some flying. Survey-Audit 18-19 Jun 08
We had a pretty busy year
Military Department Exercise 2-3 Aug 08 Cheyenne, WY
in 2007, here are our opera-
tional sorties. Encampment 31 Jul – 10 Aug 08 Camp Guernsey, WY
CO-WY GTE 22-24 Aug 08
Summer Boards 6-9 Aug 08 Kissimmee, FL

Number of Number of Ground and retention package that will

Mission Type help monitor how well units
Missions sorties sorties
Corporate 1 90 0
are recruiting and retaining
Form 5/91 Evals 6 16 0
3) Using a FAA pilot data-
Monthly A Missions 6 51 0
base, we have identified pilots
Monthly B Missions 8 22 0
in various Wyoming cities. We
Search Missions 15 16 11
have sent a letter to pilots in the
HLS 1 1 0
Casper area inviting them to
SAREX 4 61 46
attend a meeting.
Forest Service 2 29 0 4) We have purchased a list-
Joint exercise w/MilDept 1 5 0 ing in Volunteermatch.com for
AF Evaluated SAREX 1 17 10 the entire state of Wyoming. We
ToTAl 45 308 67 Continued on page 17 . . .

13 13
Surviving a Survival Situation
By Col. Stan Skrabut
A couple of weeks ago, I the night outdoors. Wearing emergency briefing? It would be
had the honor of speaking to the flip-flops in the high country tough to need it and not know it.
Laramie Flying Club about sur- during winter is probably not a Once the aircraft comes to
viving in the event of an aircraft good idea. Drink enough water a complete stop, you need to
mishap. Captain Jace Myran, prior to the sortie. Prepare your immediately evacuate everyone
a member of Wyoming Wing, maps thoroughly, and be famil- from the aircraft. Move away
and president of the flying club iar where you will be travel- from the immediate vicinity to
invited me to speak. Thanks, ing through. Know emergency the aircraft wreckage to avoid
Jace, I had a great time. signal procedures. This applies injury if an explosion occurs.
In order to give this presen- to not only the radio but also Treat the injured immediately.
tation, I did some research. Here ground to air signals. This next Once the area is determined to
are the results of my research tip is important; know the con- be “safe,” retrieve the personal
and presentation. tents of your personal survival survival pack… you did bring it,
During a national Civil Air kit and how to use each of the didn’t you?
Patrol teleconference, it was items in it. This may be the topic After treating the injured,
pointed out that during the last of a great training class. Practice it is now time to start planning
10 years CAP conducted over your emergency egress drills. I for your stay. Stay?!? You heard
2,500 searches for aircraft. We know we talk about them, but me right, stay. You need to start
found all but 18 of them. This is have you ever tried them… with working on spending the night
a great statistic and you should a stop watch? Although, I men- and being found. Lots of folks
be commended, because you tioned it earlier, I will mention it would like to walk out, but the
contributed to it. again; pass accurate flight plans searchers are looking for your
One of the keys to being to flight controlling authorities aircraft. If you are not near the
found in an aircraft mishap is fil- to aid in more efficient SAR aircraft, you are then prolonging
ing a flight plan. A flight plan is a when required. Apply risk man- the search. Survival as a group is
“request for search and rescue.” agement prior to the flight and also better than as a lone individ-
According to my findings, the during it. Do not give in to over ual, so stay together. Use every-
average time for a SAR response extending yourself. If you need thing at your disposal to help in
is about 30 minutes. The average to stop for the night due to being your survival that includes using
time for SAR units to arrive on tired or weather, then do it. It is parts of the aircraft such as fuel,
scene is about 4 hours. If there is better to arrive late rather than upholstery, radio, airframe, etc.
an accident in a remote area, an not at all. Do a proper weight Here are a couple of imme-
injured person may survive for and balance. Stow your gear diate tasks to take care of in
1 day and an uninjured person securely. Plan for the worst, odds the near future: signaling and
may survive for 3 days. If it was are in your favor that everything shelter. There is mixed opinion
me, I certainly would like to be will go fine. regarding which to do first, cre-
found soon. If a mishap is imminent ate a shelter or build your signal.
Here are some guidelines while in flight, inform every- I believe it has to be determined
to follow before you even take one onboard about the projected by your circumstance. If weather
off. First of all dress accord- rough landing. Everyone should is threatening, I would start on a
ing to the terrain you will be following the prescribed crash shelter. Survival is based on 3’s.
traveling over. This is a good and egress protocols. How many You can live without air for the
tip whether you are flying or times have you flown and you maximum of 3 minutes. You can
driving. Basically plan to spend snoozed through the stewardess’ Continued . . .

15 15
Survival Situation
Corner Continued . . .
Continued from page 13 . . .
survive in a exposure situation vival. Having this knowledge
have had a couple of responses without a shelter for 3 hours. will make you more confident in
through that listing so far. I You can survive without water stressful survival situations.
am hoping that these steps will for 3 days, and without food for The last thing I want to talk
help; however, these are wing 3 weeks. You survival should about is the personal survival kit.
initiatives, what are you doing be planned accordingly. Your You should actually have two
at the unit level? shelter should keep you dry and kits; one that is small enough to
By the time you receive this, warm. In regards to a signal, carry on your person in a pocket
our conference will be upon us. the bigger the better. I recom- or pouch, and another that is in a
I encourage you to come to mend putting a large “X” out in small bag. The container should
Cheyenne and participate in the open. If in snow, use shad- be waterproof. Remember,
this exciting event. We have ows and pine branches to create however, it is of no use sitting
done a lot of great work over contrast. If the ground is dark, in the hangar. Your kit should
the past year, and it is time to use white stones, or contrasting contain multipurpose items like
celebrate and recognize out- leaves and branches. The key duct tape, plastic bags, and cord.
standing performers. It is also is that it must be seen from the You should have some signal-
a time to learn about various air. Also, don’t forget to check ing devices like a signal mirror,
CAP programs and changes to to see if the radio or cell phone cell phone, ELT, ground signal-
our program. It is a great time will work. This is probably one ing panels, flares, aircraft radio,
to get your questions answered. of the first things to do. transceiver, etc. Don’t forget
Applications have already been You will also need to start batteries. Shelter ideas include
sent out and are also available collecting and rationing any a plastic sheet, a sleeping bag,
on our Web site. I look forward food and water that you have. survival blanket, etc. For your
to seeing you there. You should also create a duty medical needs bring a first aid
Well that is it for now. I roster to divide up tasks such kit. To gather food and water,
look forward to what the next as collecting fire wood, build- I recommend bring collection
three months brings us. In the ing the shelter, gathering food containers, water purifying tech-
meantime, make a difference and water, and other tasks to nology, and methods for build-
and get involved. Be safe in make life more comfortable ing traps and snares. Having a
everything you do. H during your stay. Don’t panic fire adds to personal comfort.
and go about wildly in your Keep waterproof matches or a
task. Plan your actions and then lighter in your kit. Also don’t
execute them. Do a rational forget about the AV gas, but
and realistic threat perception. also, don’t forget about the haz-
Keep your courage up, know ards. Don’t add to your pre-
that help is on way. Make full dicament. Finally, wear proper
use of the survival pack items, clothing. Your clothing should
which are specially designed to be non-flammable and appropri-
help in survival. ate to the terrain, weather, and
The key to success is to altitude. Also, wear good shoes.
plan ahead as well as train for I hope you are never in a
a survival situation. There are survival situation, but if you are,
a number of courses available I hope you are prepared for a
on wilderness first aid and sur- comfortable stay. H

17 17
A February SAR Ex
. . . . . for the WY Wing
By Major Mike Carlson

n the past, when we have a main base out of the Cody
scheduled SAR Ex’s dur- Airport. There are staging areas
ing the winter months, there in Jackson Hole, Casper, and
have been a lot of cancellations. Cheyenne, and the IC staff is
Getting one base of operations to spread out across the state. Article developed by SM Chris
have good weather for a couple A SAR Ex OP’s plan was Allen that went out to the
of days and then schedule that started in the middle of December news media, Monday, after
2 months in advance is beyond and was delivered to the Region the SAR Ex
any Wing Commander’s abil- 45 days before the event. It’s a
ity. Bring on Wyoming’s idea lengthy document, totaling 22
of change (not the Obama or pages, which attempts to spell Civil Air Patrol units
Hillary kind of change). Let’s out the whole orchestration of conduct statewide
try doing a distributed SAR Ex. conducting a training session. exercise
But wait-a-minute; shouldn’t A Wing wide SAR Ex “call
the Base of Operations with the out” starts Tuesday (Feb 19th) CODY, Wyo.—Civil Air Patrol
IC staff be in one spot? Well… before the scheduled SAR Ex. (CAP) units across Wyoming
sort-a… kind-a… maybe. With Col. Floyd handles the Wing conducted a search and rescue
our delving into IMU (Incident Staff Personnel, and Capt exercise this weekend. The
Management Utility) (locally, Burkett handles the Squadrons. exercise that concluded Sunday
LAN, and Web based) along with By Thursday night (Feb 21st) afternoon tested the ability of
cell phones, e-mail, WIMRS, the tally shows 43 will be attend- the Wyoming Wing to perform
and Skype we should be able ing of the Wing’s approximately search and rescue operations,
to work things out. So the IC, 230 members: 6 from Wing one of the Civil Air Patrol’s
Major Mike Carlson (me), has Continued . . . primary missions.
On both Saturday and
Sunday, Civil Air Patrol
aircrews based in Casper,
Cheyenne and Jackson per-
formed photo missions of
selected ground targets using
the Satellite-transmitted Digital
Imaging System (SDIS), tech-
nology that quickly transmits
digital images to emergency
operations centers using an
onboard computer and satellite
telephone technology.
In addition to the aircrew
operations, Civil Air Patrol
Continued . . .

18 18
members across the state trained Staff, 2 from Wheatland, 7 from to get up much earlier. Such
on the use of the Incident Casper, 5 from Jackson, 9 from dedication!
Command System as well as Big Horn, 6 from Cody/Powell, By 0715 the Cody Airport
various aspects of emergency and 8 from Sheridan. Security unlocks all the doors
services including navigation, By Friday, the SAR Ex starts and we can start booting things
mapping and communications. like a snowball at the top of a up. By 0745 Capt. Malone
Ground teams with senior hill. The IC Base, at Cody, opens makes it in and a short time later
members and cadets also par- at 1400 hrs. I set up computers Lt. Col. Carpenter and Capt.
ticipated in training exercises and make sure they are all con- Strike bring the donuts for a
to locate a simulated lost nected to the WiFi server, print- staple breakfast. Surprisingly,
aircraft’s Emergency Locator ers (where’s the printer paper?), Lt. Sadler shows up by 0820
Transmitter (ELT) beacon. Skype, headphones, IMU data- minus 4 cadets; clear roads and
Although the mission was base, and WIMRS. None of the good weather shrunk the 3-1/2
based out of Cody, Wyo., Staging areas want to take a turn hr drive. 0830 starts the whole
nearly 30 CAP members from at flying on Friday so we wrap she-bangs with a conference
units across Wyoming partici-
pated in this exercise.
“The exercise was unique
in that management functions
normally run out of a single
base,” said CAP Major Mike
Carlson of the Cody Cadet
Squadron in Cody, Wyo., who
served as the statewide Incident
Commander for this search and
rescue exercise.
CAP, the official auxiliary
of the U.S. Air Force, is a non-
profit organization with more
than 57,000 members nation-
wide. CAP volunteers perform
95 percent of continental U.S.
inland search and rescue mis-
sions as tasked by the Air Force
Rescue Coordination Center
and also perform homeland things up by 1930 hrs and head call to the Casper and Cheyenne
security, disaster relief and home for food and rest. staging areas. This is a first
counterdrug missions at the Saturday comes early for for running a SAR Ex through
request of federal, state, and Major BJ Carlson & me. The Skype. Computers were set so
local agencies. 0530 alarm is no fun to wake up everyone at each staging area
CAP has been performing to during the week let alone the and base could hear the others. A
missions for America since 1941. weekend. Then there was the general explanation of the scope
There are approximately 250 startling realization, to make the of how we were going to con-
members of CAP in Wyoming.H 0530 departure from Sheridan duct the SAR Ex was explained.
to Cody, Lt. DJ Sadler was Continued . . .

19 19
February SAR Ex
Continued . . .

A “Safety Brief” was conducted equipment, search lines and a Carlson took the three cadets
and then Capt. Malone gave ramp search scenario. out to the open field between the
the invocation. Mission flying Throughout the day 2 flight air terminal and the Nat’l Guard
assignments were sent out the sorties, taking photos, were run Armory for a little “Search Line”
night before to Cheyenne and out of Cheyenne and Casper practice (a highly photogenic
Casper aircrews so they had a each. Jackson Hole, forecasted activity). She had tossed out (3)
“one-up” on preparation. to be snowed in, developed a quarters, a nickel, and a dime
Then the snowball started “hole” in the valley so Lt. Jepsen and a variety of victim clues.
running faster and grew bigger. and Lt. LaPointe were able to Their search was very produc-
Much of what was planned took get up and take a few photos of tive. They found (4) quarters
on a different twist. Because the area. While IMU was still and the one dime and identified
of forecasted weather Jackson having “bugs” (maybe just the all the search clues. The nickel
was assumed to be snowed in. operators) to work off the web eluded all of their eagle eyes.
Maj. Twitchell was to be the at each station, Col. Skrabut was By 1800 things were wind-
Cheyenne Staging Commander able to take the “sign-in” docu- ing down. Most all from the
but no pilots showed up so ments that were scanned and other staging areas wrapped-up
he had to take on Cheyenne’s E-mailed from the Staging areas things and headed home. The
Mission Pilot duties. Sheridan and Base, entering member and adventure was to continue for
was to have 7 cadets working on vehicle data. us, Major Carlson & me, Lt.
GTM3 training and 8 members I had pre-arranged to have Sadler, and Cadets Hodges and
from Big Horn Squadron did not
show up for training.
Maj. BJ Carlson & Capt.
Malone took on the tasks to han-
dle the Cody Base while I tried
to keep the over-all picture of
what was happening throughout
the state. Since there is a pending
draft to CAPR 60-3 there will be
new requirements for CAP mem-
bers to take courses in Incident
Command System (ICS). On
page 58, of draft CAPR 60-3,
there is a matrix of what ICS
courses are to be taken for each
E/S job function. Capt. Malone
took on the task of leading the
way through these requirements
with Lt. Col. Carpenter, Capt.
Strike, and Lt. Sadler using the
extra computers that were in the a photographer come out from Wald. Home for all of us was to
room. Major BJ Carlson took the Cody Enterprise for the pur- be the confines of the Burlington
the three Sheridan Cadets and pose of getting some “action Fire Hall, just a 40 mile jaunt
went after Ground Team #3 and shots” of the training that was east of Cody. Dining out was
#2 tasks of maps, compass, DF occurring statewide. Major BJ Continued . . .

21 21
February SAR Ex
Continued . . .
held at Grammas’ Restaurant, and we at Cody had a sunny day for repairs. Lt. Baughman flew
Burlington’s newest establish- and moderate winds and temps the Cheyenne contingent back,
ment. I haven’t tasted pies in the high 40’s. utilizing the time for Scanner
like this since my 100+ year Major Twitchell had devel- training. The Cody ground
old neighbor, back in St. Paul, oped a “Table Top Exercise” team returned and everyone
MN, would bake them for BJ for base and staging areas to went out for nourishment.
& me. A change of clothes and work on. With his absence, due Cheyenne Staging area closed
a movie video of “Lightening to flying, Major BJ Carlson set shop by 1400 and we started
Jack Kincade” rounded off the out an ELT beacon and devel- wrapping things up. We bid
festivities. Sleep came quick. oped a scenario for a ground farewell to Lt. Sadler, cadets,
Yet there were voices of han- search. Now the pressure is on and Capt. Malone. Lt. Sadler
dling the DF equipment from for cadets and SM alike. Taking was asked to report back to us
the other side of the room during all the DF, mapping, and com- when he arrives home safely.
the night. pass skills from the day before, Casper shut down when Lt.
0530 the alarm blared in our they set out with high hopes. Baughman returned and data is
ears. A steady progress got us on About 45 minutes after they left entered into WIMRS.
the road by 0630 with breakfast I get a call on my cell phone. I A long weekend… for our
at the Airport Restaurant by was told they found a downed small turn-out we compiled a lot
0715. The waitress was quite plane. I’m thinking it’s been of training for this time of year.
impressed with the demeanor only 45 minutes and they found IMU has yet to be mastered for
of the cadets. Good Going it already? I said, “Wrap-up the multiple stations, but we’ll work
Cadets!!!! That’s what Lt. Sadler foil, turn off the ELT beacon, on that. Communicating through
and I expect. and RTB.” The Ground Team Skype and use of e-mails does
The doors were unlocked to comes back again that they work. With new repeaters on
the CP by 0745 and the SAR Ex had found a downed broken-up the horizon Wyoming should
was off to the races once again. plane. Now, I’m confused. Then be capable of coordinating a
Weather was going to be a fac- I hear a bunch of laughing in the dynamic force in CAP’s mission.
tor later in the day for Sunday. background. They had found What we need is for you mem-
With radio problems develop- a toy plane on their search, it bers to make the commitment
ing in the Cheyenne plane from was down and broken. Thanks, and attend training sessions.
the day before, the plan was Ground Team, I needed that. It Oh, by the way, the snow-
to have Major Twitchell and seems they thought I was being ball tumbled down the hill and
a Scanner trainee fly a search toooo serious the past couple of grew. The wall at the bottom of
route up to Casper and then a days and wanted to lighten up the hill dispersed its energy just
crew from Casper fly them back my life. like CAP members returning to
to Cheyenne. Jackson Hole was Major Twitchell drops off home to their families. H
actually socked-in with snow the Cheyenne plane in Casper

Support our Cadets . . .

They are our Future!!!
23 23
yoming Wing help me in my life”? Most stu- CPFT program, he was a guards-
DDRA, Lt. Col. dents don’t see the connection man with Colorado National
Susan McDonald has of a bunch of numbers and crazy Guard. He worked with the
a busy schedule of school and formulas to their day to day life. cadets several times monthly;
unit trips planned through this Soon they begin to see that they he helped them to understand
summer bringing DDR infor- stand a much better chance of the need to have healthy bod-
mation to hundreds of school fulfilling their dreams by staying ies, the need to compete against
aged children. drug and alcohol free. oneself not the next cadet in
We have piggybacked the Today’s youth are at a dis- line. His rule was “always do
AEX program with the DDR tinct disadvantage, drugs, alco- one more push up than YOU did
program and planned visits to hol and gangs surround them, last time.” And “I can’t” was not
schools around the southeast- yes even in rural Wyoming. We allowed in our vocabulary.
ern part of the state. Giving the live in a state that is first in sui- Our cadet population was
students a feel for the positive cides in the nation. Our youth fluid at best, custody changed
aspects of staying drug and alco- feel depressed and worthless. almost weekly. We were con-
hol free is a necessary part of the The prospective cadet needs to stantly in a state of flux with
DDR program. Harping on the be taken by the hand and shown cadet recruitment. Although
dangers and lecturing will not the way. Even before I became a none of our cadets completed
bring the point home. DDRA, when I lived in Denver the whole CAP cadet program, I
We bring the fun hands on and was commander of an inner am sure that we made some kind
AEX program to the elementary city squadron, I recognized the of positive effect in their lives
and middle school students and need to meet the cadets on their and that what ever we were able
in the course of the class mention own playing field. The cadets to impart will help later in life.
the benefits of remaining drug in that unit had several needs I know that the regulations
and alcohol free. In our class that were not being met by their state that CAP membership is
about Rockets we take them step adults in their lives because of a privilege not a right. Are we
by step through the lecture part drugs, alcohol and gang vio- fulfilling our congressionally
of the class, talk about Newton lence. They came to me with mandated missions by not taking
and his laws and ask “Do you no hope, no desire to succeed. the time to brighten the lives of
think you need a clear head for Once we showed them some- the youth around us? I don’t
this?” We usually get the same one cared enough to help them mean that CAP should become an
answer. “Yes, Math and sci- they became little lights looking organization of delinquent youth,
ence takes a clear mind” When for a place to shine, they found but we should help them to see
we connect the thought process this in the CAP cadet program. the shining future we can help
Newton must have had to design We didn’t have a dozen Spaatz them attain. Even if our AEX
these LAWS the students see cadets or even a half dozen program doesn’t build squadrons
that it does have a use. Ask any Mitchell cadets BUT young men in every town we visit, it is my
Math teacher and he or she will and women willing to try new wish that we plant the seed with
tell you the biggest complaint things. We had a community in them to better their lives.
students have is “how will this volunteer that helped with our

25 25
Civil Air Patrol
Civil Air Patrol consists of thousands of men, women, and teenagers Search and Rescue Exercises, participate in Orientation Flights, and
across the country that are unpaid volunteers and are an extended meet new people. At a Search and Rescue Exercise or SAREX for
part of the Air Force. Civil Air Patrol was first organized in the office short, a Senior Member would hide 3 different targets in 3 different
of Civilian Defense, headed by former New York Mayor places. Then 3 different Ground Teams would go and find the targets
Fiorello Laguardia. It started on December 1, 1941, just days before with airplanes. Once they find the targets, they would then bring it
the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor. Major General John Francis back to base. The Cadet Program was designed by John V. “Jack”
Curry became Civil Air Patrol’s first national commander. On July 1, Serenson who held the position of Civil Air Patrol’s Director of Educa-
1948, President Truman signed Public Law 476 to make Civil Air Pa- tion in the 1960’s. The Cadet Program is composed of four phases
trol an organization. On May 26, 1948, Congress passed Public Law which are: Learning, Leadership, Command, and Executive. In the
557 to make Civil Air Patrol a permanent part of the Air Force. There Cadet Program, the cadets must learn the motto, which is, “Semper
are 52 wings, with one in each state including the District of Columbia Vigilians, Always Vigiliant.”, the Cadet Honor Code, which is, “I will
and Puerto Rico and it’s organized in 8 geographic regions. not lie, steal, or cheat, nor tolerate anyone among us who does.
Civil Air Patrol has three primary missions: Emergency Services, Furthermore, I resolve to do my duty and live honorably, so help me
Aerospace Education and the Cadet Program. In Emergency God.”, and even the Cadet Oath, which is, “1 pledge that I will serve
Services, Civil Air Patrol helps several agencies like: Search and faithfully in the Civil Air Patrol cadet program, and that I will attend
Rescue, Disaster Relief, Humanitarian Service, Air Force Support, meetings regularly, participate actively in Unit Activities, obey my
Homeland Security, even other agencies including: Red Cross, officers, wear my uniform properly, and advance my education and
Salvation Army, and other civilian agencies. Civil Air Patrol will help training rapidly to prepare myself to be of service to my community,
the United States Coast Guard and the United States Coast Guard state, and nation. In the Cadet Program, there are 15 grades with the
Auxiliary. In Emergency Missions, we would train for the occurrence lowest being “Cadet Airman Basic” all the way to “Cadet Colonel”.
of an actual mission. There is Recruiting involved in Civil Air Patrol. Civil Air Patrol mem-
After training, we would go search if a person or aircraft is missing. bers will visit schools and put posters up, host field trips, Science
If the person we find is injured or dead, then the cadets would back Competitions and fairs by setting up booths and handing out fliers,
away from the spot so that they wouldn’t see anything bloody, and and even participate in other related activities. In addition to schools,
once the cadets have backed away from the spot, the Senior Mem- Civil Air Patrol reaches out to other organizations like: Boy Scouts of
bers would then take control of the spot, and they would give the America, Girl Scouts of the U.S.A. and 4-H.
injured person medical attention if they are medically trained. Senior Member Program, the Senior Members are adults over the
In Aerospace Education, Civil Air Patrol will build rockets, fly air- age of 21. They are in charge of teaching the cadets of doing the
planes, and launch balloons with a beacon attached to a Styrofoam job the right way. The Senior Member Program consists of five lev-
box that is attached to the balloon. While making rockets, you would els of training, with 12 grades throughout the whole thing with the
make sure the pieces are all there and you would make sure that all lowest grade being “Senior Member” and the highest grade being
the pieces are in the correct places. There is safety involved. First “Major General”. There is a specialty track for Senior Members like:
you do not hold on to the rocket while it is launching, also, do not Logistics, Communications, Public Affairs, Legal, Administration,
stick your face in front of the nosecone while it is launching. You Emergency Services, Finance, and many more. When a Senior
should always take the key out of the ignition before launching and Member becomes 80 years old, he (she) can either stay in or quit,
while loading the rocket on the stand. While flying airplanes which or retirement in Civil Air Patrol.
are considered Orientation Flights or O-Flights, for short, a real pilot I have been in Civil Air Patrol three years already and I enjoy it very
would go up with a cadet in an airplane and show the cadet which much. Civil Air Patrol has allowed me to go across the state to train
buttons to touch and what not to touch, and the pilot would teach in Search and Rescue Exercises, Participate in Wing Conferences,
the cadet the four words of an airplane: lift, drag, pull and thrust. The attend Ground Team Schools, and I have met new people. I have
newest experience in Aerospace Education is balloon launching. It achieved the grade of Cadet Staff Sergeant and I have just recently
gets really hard to find the balloon after launching. We would fill the completed my third year in Civil Air Patrol, I have also achieved my
balloon 4 feet in diameter with helium and we would add a box with General Emergency Services and my Model Rocketry. My favorite
string attached to the balloon and once the balloon has launched, it things in Civil Air Patrol are: Search and Rescue Exercises, Wing
would go 1000 feet a minute in the air. Then once the balloon is at a Conferences, and Orientation Flights.
certain point in the atmosphere, the balloon would pop. Then the box Christopher L. Gross, C/SSgt.
would come down and land safely on the ground. We would then go Civil Air Patrol
look for it. If we can’t find it, then we would wait for a hiker, hunter, or * C/SSgt. Gross took this report on to Albany County Presentation
farmer to find it and send it back to us. The reason that it is hard to Contest (Laramie, WY) and came in third place. The judges said he
find is because there would be telephone lines, buildings, and small was eligible to participate at State Presentation Contest in Douglas,
wire fences that would lead us in the wrong direction. WY. There 27 Seniors (14-18 years) that got Blue Ribbons and he
In the Cadet Program, Civil Air Patrol cadets have the chance to test, became 8th out of 27 Seniors in the state.
drill, learn customs and courtesies, go across the state to train for

27 27
2007 NCO Academy
By C/SrA Dewey
The 2007 Non-Commissioned Officer Academy So, during the remaining time until lights out,
(NCOA) was a great experience for a lot of cadets. cadets watched a variety of movies and played
Cadets learned the next step into changing from an intense game of Risk. Afterwards the majority
a follower to a leader. It was a one and a half day of cadets, excluding C/1st Lt. Longo, headed off
activity on the weekend. We had a great turnout to bed with a humbling feeling of overwhelming
with a total of 11 trainees and 2 staff with three of defeat from the game they had just been so crush-
the trainees from Colorado. ingly defeated in.
As they arrived cadets had many memories The next day came on with the same vigor
as they showed up at Camp Guernsey, the same and exhilaration as before. Cadets attended a few
facility that was used for the Wyoming Basic other classes including Situational Leadership
Encampment. There was a brief welcome by the and a class on Professionalism in the Civil Air
instructors after we settled into our barracks. Early Patrol taught by newly turned Senior Member First
the next morning many cadets who had their PT Lieutenant Kelsey Aitchison.
gear joined C/1st Lt. Longo in some cold and Then the final drill evaluation! Cadets were
hard PT. Once cadets were warmed up from the expected to command the flight and issue the many
cold exercise they headed into the classroom. The orders they had just been taught. Even though
cadet staff members, C/1st Lt. Gould and C/1st Lt. cadets had practiced this in the multiple drill labs
Longo, gave many presentations on becoming an they were still nervous. But overall cadets did a
NCO, such as leadership, drill, customs and cour- good job. When the drill evaluations were complete,
tesies, professionalism and Urban Legends. we reviewed our individual scores of this weekend.
Following that, cadets performed multiple drill Most cadets did a great job but still being young
labs. A drill lab is a lab that will allow cadets to NCOs’ there was lots of room for improvement. We
command the flight and perform drill correctly. ended the NCO Academy with an award ceremony
Cadets did a total of 3 drill labs, practicing until for the outstanding job of the new NCOs’. When
they got it perfect. For many cadets this was the the ceremony ended, cadets went home bringing the
first time ever being in command of a flight so it knowledge they learned back to their squadrons. It
did take some time to get it down. was a great learning experience for everyone and
After a long day of presentations and drill you a lot of fun. We hope to have another great NCO
would think cadets would be tired but as we all Academy again next year!
know cadets always manage to have extra energy.

29 29
Cadet NCO Academy and
Training Leaders of Cadets
By Lt. Col. Eric Davis and 1st Lt. Kelsey Aitchison
The Wyoming Wing hosted Members graduated from their Classes included drill terms,
the Training Leaders of Cadets respective courses. The Cadets an in-depth look into the drill
course in conjunction with a and Senior Members came from and ceremonies manual, situ-
Cadet Noncommissioned all over Wyoming and several ational leadership, professional-
Officer Academy (NCOA) at from the Colorado Wing. ism and a leadership reaction
Camp Guernsey Army National The Cadet NCOA was an course. One of the continued
Guard Base the weekend intense two-day program that favorite courses is the Civil Air
of 3 and 4 November 2007. honed Cadet leadership skills as Patrol “Urban Legends” course
Eleven Cadets and nine Senior well as their knowledge of drill. designed to dispel some myths
and legends running rampant
throughout the program.
In order to graduate from
the Cadet NCOA, each stu-
dent had to command a flight
of their peers. The Cadet and
Senior Member staff evalu-
ated the Cadet trainees on their
command presence, their abil-
ity to vocalize commands cor-
rectly, the proper use of drill
commands, and correct timing
and cadence.
The Cadet instructors for the
2007 Cadet NCOA were: C/1st
Lt. Jeremiah Longo and C/1st
Major Mike Carlson takes a short nap between Seminars. Continued . . .

31 31
Cadet NCOA
and TLC
Continued . . .
Lt. Heather Gould. The Senior
Member Mentor/Instructor was
1st Lt. Kelsey Aitchison, the
Assistant Director of Cadet
Programs for the Wyoming
Wing. Cadet graduates were
C/2nd Lt. Blake Cooper, C/2nd
Lt. Andrew Harrison, C/CMSgt.
Skylar Caldwell, C/CMSgt. TLC students hard at work.
Bradley Coonis, C/SMSgt. Cody
Hill, C/MSgt. Eli Goff, C/SSgt. teaching as they learn from each Schneider, and Senior Member
Daniel Coursen, C/SSgt. Josh other. Much of the discussion in James Duran.
Vallee, C/SSgt. John Houser, each seminar revolves around The Wyoming Wing hopes
C/SrA Kyle Dewey, and C/SrA best practices, with members to conduct more Cadet and
Brock Hileman. sharing what works and what Senior Member combined train-
The Training Leaders of doesn’t in their units. Without ing in the future. We also hope
Cadets (TLC) course is a pro- exception, the students stated to be able to do more joint train-
gram designed for adults who this format was far superior to ing with The Colorado Wing
implement the Cadet Program endless lectures. and other Wings in the Region.
at the squadron level. The 2- Lieutenant Colonel Eric Combined training provides a
day course provides Senior Davis, Director of Cadet great opportunity to get Cadets
Members with a strategic per- Programs for the Wyoming and Seniors together at one
spective of the Cadet Program, Wing, was the instructor/facili- location to reduce transporta-
leadership skills for helping tator for the course. Graduating tion requirements. Joint training
youth achieve their goals, and the course were Major B.J. affords each Wing the chance to
training in how to manage a Carlson, Maj. Mike Carlson, learn and grow by getting a dif-
successful program. Capt. Jennifer Niswender, 1st ferent perspective on issues fac-
The course is designed as a Lt. Miguel Acevedo, 1st Lt. Josh ing the units and discover inno-
highly interactive seminar, with Thomas, 1st Lt. John Todd, 1st vative solutions to problems. H
the students doing much of the Lt. Liz Caldwell, 1st Lt. Steve

33 33
a.k.a. Computer
Access Proficiency
By Major BJ Carlson

In this day and age of advancing technology it

is important for Civil Air Patrol (CAP) members
to maintain and update their knowledge and skills.
The trend today is towards a more paperless
operation, both for daily CAP unit management
and Emergency Services. Gone are the days when
National CAP sent unit commanders squadron
membership lists and updated regulations, forms many CAP members are expected to learn how to
and publications. Now, both commanders and unit operate the systems by trial and error which can
members are on their own to access E-Services for often lead to frustration and angst. After all, not
everyone is, or wants to be, computer literate so
the easier it can be to access the needed material
the better.
Col. Stan Skrabut, Commander of the Wyoming
Wing, decided to hold a one day computer event to
instruct Wing members on the various acronyms
CAP has around: E-Services, WMIRS and IMU.
About 11 CAP members from Cody, Cheyenne,
Sheridan, Powell, Laramie and Casper, includ-
ing one cadet from Cody, showed up on a sunny
September day in Casper and gathered around
several computers at the Casper squadron’s office
at the airport.

all the latest and greatest news about

CAP. During missions and Emergency
services training exercises, incident
command staff are required to use
WMIRS and IMU to record sorties and
access resource information to help run
exercises smoothly.
In order to access all of this information

34 34
The morning hours were spent
getting familiar with all of the features
of E-Services. This important CAP
resource is readily available to all
members once a password is estab-
lished. It can be accessed through the
main CAP website – www.cap.gov by
going to the member’s link and click-
ing on E-Services. New users will be
asked to sign in and give a password.
Just remember to use a password that
you can easily remember so access
can be readily gained at a later date!
Be prepared to give your social secu-
rity number when signing in.
Once access is gained a CAP manders to manage unit activities by being able to
member has access to a plethora of valuable infor- assign member duties, specialty tracks and conduct
mation, such as forms and publications, Aerospace other necessary tasks.
information, and online tests to name only a few. WMIRS is used by various CAP members
Each member can also enter personal emergency to manage mission information. Sorties, both air
services training information from their SQTR and ground, are entered for Emergency Services
(Specialty Qualifications Training Record) and activities. In addition, Flight Release Officers
check to see how current they are in certain training and pilots can log in proficiency and orientation
areas. Unit commanders still need to approve these flights. This gives Incident Commanders and other
records but it gives a CAP member some control key staff a way to keep track of mission and other
over his/her training in Emergency Services. flight related information. IMU also helps mis-
E-Services is also extremely handy for unit com- sion staff manage Emergency Services activities
by allowing command staff to
access resource information for
the wing. Once members and
vehicles are signed in, staff can
access current qualifications and
aircraft/vehicle information.
So, as CAP moves ahead
on the technology information
highway, it will be imperative
that CAP members stay along
for the ride. Get used to using
the computer to access important
information and keep abreast of
updates and changes. If you are
not computer literate, seek out a
cadet to help you – they know
the latest and greatest in tech-
nology and can usually figure
things out. H

35 35
Staff Retention Ideas
Leadership Coach

Although the following article is geared to companies it applies also the Civil Air Patrol.
Staff retention problems? Look in the mirror…
One of the best ways to assess the quality of an organization is to look at those who are leaving it.
Many managers think it’s the other way around. They say the best way to tell is by looking at the people who are
joining their team. “If good people are coming aboard, that’s proof that we are building strength, right?”
Attracting great talent has a lot to do with many things. These include the advertising done to get the attention
of prospective employees, the place where the interview occurs, who is doing the interview (are they a good
salesperson for the employer?) and the compensation package being offered. If an organization has a good brand
reputation it’s even more likely to attract good people in the door.
But what really counts is the rate of employee churn. If a company can attract but not retain solid performers,
I’ve found that it’s likely the company will be spending far too much on the wrong things. No company with high
employee turnover is focused on doing the right things i.e.: satisfying their market.
Two new studies out of Canada have some interesting stats regarding why people leave their employers.
First and foremost: Blame the Boss.
The audits were conducted by Monster Canada. They covered over 5000 respondents. Because of the broad scope
of Monster users, I think it’s likely to represent a fairly broad spectrum of levels and industries. And because of
the similarities between countries, I’d expect it to be fairly consistent with findings done in the US.
Here’s the shorthand version of the results - 80% of the respondents blamed their boss for their decision to quit.
Only 16% quit for reasons unrelated to the boss.
In greater detail, the reports said:

35% said they need expectations to be stated more clearly than is generally the case with
their boss. (I believe that most people want to perform well be as effective as possible,
but most supervisors don't take the time to get to know their team members' individual

32% claimed the boss didn't treat people fairly. (My thought on this: others were treated
unfairly well.)

28% reported that the boss ruled by intimidation. (My comment is don't try this with
Millennials or even GenX'ers and expect it to work more than a few times. Works for
Boomers in most cases.)

27% said their boss should learn to admit when a mistake is made and not blame others.

22% noted that supervisors should become more accessible. (Common complaint across
industries in my experience. Emails don't replace face time.)

16% said the boss needs to listen to employees more.

I realize that no boss today has the time to do “everything right every time”. That said, it’s clear that the tables
are turning because there are more jobs than job seekers in many communities currently. If you want - or expect
- to retain the best talent in your shop; I suggest you take a good look in the mirror. Explanations and asking for
understanding won’t keep good people.

36 36