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Types of Management Styles

Management styles are a group of principles that any firm can follow as a part of their management
policy to garner maximum output from its employees and grow collectively as a team. As the wheels
of time have progressed and the business world has grown into an extremely challenging field, they
have become significant in imparting stability and good governance to private firms. Basically, it is
not necessary that every management style suits every firm. The fact is that a particular style
followed in one company may fail in the other company. Every style is unique, and some people may
respond positively to one, whereas some may not perform effectively for the same.
Types of Management Styles
Some of the popular styles that have been studied in depth by scholars and business students are the
theories given by Taylor, Fayol, Weber, Mayo, Maslow, Schein, and Drucker. All these theories have
been based on the experiences of these scholars who have researched and come up with their
theories.
Authoritarian Management Style
In this style, a manager at the top governs and decides all the management policies. The manager
expects the employees to perform tasks as they have been outlined by the boss and senior managers.
In this style of management, the employees know what to do, how to do, and when to do.
Democratic Management Style
The managers who follow the democratic style of management focus on giving flexibility to the
employees so that the team can together evolve as one unit. By involving the team members in
taking decisions and delegating tasks, the managers give the employee a sense of ownership so that
every employee feels as one family. In this style, team building skills, social harmony, and
cooperation are aimed to achieve a target.
Paternalistic Management Style
Pater in Latin stands for 'father', and the paternalistic style of managers try to act as a father figure
to the employees, thereby ensuring that all employees 'feel happy and bonded' while working in the
company. Managers at the top will listen to the employee, and at times, ask for feedback and
opinions while taking any decision. The social need of recognition of the employee is taken care of,
in this style of management. This style matches with the theory of social needs by Maslow.
Theories Hailed as Management Styles

Famous management experts and scholars like Taylor,


Hawthorne, and Drucker put forward certain theories
regarding management styles and leadership on the
basis of their experience and study. These theories
become so popular that they are now considered as
unique styles of management in their own right. Let us
take a glance at some of these theories
Taylor's Theory of Scientific Management
It was proposed by Frederick Winslow Taylor in 1900,
popularly known as 'Taylorism', Taylor's theory of
scientific management focused on developing a
standard method to perform any job. According to
Taylor, the main task of decision-making must be decided by the management board and workers
should focus on their tasks.
The Hawthrone Effect Studied by Elton Mayo
This management style evolved between the 1930s to 1940s, from the study of Elton Mayo, a
management professor who studied the effect of working conditions on the employees in the
Western Electric Hawthorne Works in Cicero, Illinois (a suburb of Chicago). According to this
management style, the necessary condition for receiving quality performance from the employees is
to provide them with all the adequate needs. Elton believed that human beings are not single
dimensional entities, and so, if a firm needs quality performance, employees must be satisfied by
firm's care and support. Proper working environment and other facilities must be provided to the
employees for maximum output.
Peter Drucker's Management Style of Focusing on Objectives
Peter Drucker, often hailed as the guru of modern management, gave this management style in
1954. The principles given by Drucker in this theory have become extremely popular in today's
markets. According to this management style, motivation of the employees, excellent
communication, coordination, and clarity of the targets are the three important governing factors in
the success of a firm.
The list of management styles is exhaustive and has evolved over many years. Depending on the
need, board of directors, top executives and managers used these styles to take their firm to new
heights of success and stability.