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# Physics

5-Circular motion

EXERCISE 1
Q1.

A wheel is at rest. Its angular velocity increases uniformly and becomes 80 radian per second
after 5 second. The total angular displacement is:

Q2.

and y
A particle moves in a circle of radius 4 cm clockwise at constant speed of 2 cm/s. If x
2
are unit acceleration vector along x and y directions respectively in cm/sec . The acceleration of
the particle at the instant half way between P and Q is given by:

)
+y
(a) 4( x

Q3.

)
+y
(b) 4( x

(c)

( x y )
2

(d)

( x y )
4

## A stone attached to a rope of length l = 80 cm is rotated in vertical plane with a frequency n =

240 r.p.m. At the moment when the velocity of the stone is directed vertically upwards, the rope
ruptures. To what further height does the stone rise? (The air resistance should be neglected.)
(a) 10.3 m

(b) 41.2 m

(c) 20.6 m

(d) 24.9 m

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Physics
Q4.

Q5.

5-Circular motion

When the angular velocity of a uniformly rotating body has increased thrice, the resultant of
forces applied to it increases by 60 newton. Find the accelerations of the body in the two cases.
The mass of the body, m = 3 kg:
(a) 2.5 ms2, 7.5 ms2

## (d) 2.5 ms2, 22.5 ms2

A curved section of a road is banked for a speed v. If there is no friction between road and tyres
of the car, then:
(a) car is more likely to slip at speeds higher than v than speeds lower than v
(b) car cannot remain in static equilibrium on the curved section
(c) car will not slip when moving with speed v
(d) none of the above

Q6.

## A ball is placed on a smooth inclined plane of inclination = 30 to the horizontal, which is

rotating at frequency 0.5 Hz about a vertical axis passing through its lower end. At what
distance from the lower end does the ball remain at rest?
(a) 1.85 m

Q7.

2g
3

Rg
s

5g
3

(c) g

(d)

g
3

(b)

s
Rg

(c)

s g
R

(d)

R
s g

(b) ar = 0, at 0

(c) ar 0, at = 0

## (d) none of these

A particle is moving along a circular path of radius 5 m with a uniform speed 5 ms 1. What will
be the average acceleration when the particle completes half revolution?
(a) zero

Q11.

(b)

Let ar and at represent radial and tangential acceleration. The motion of a particle may be
circular if:
(a) ar = 0, at = 0

Q10.

(d) 0.67 m

A person wants to drive on the vertical surface of a large cylindrical wooden well commonly
known as deathwell in a circus. The radius of the well is R and the coefficient of friction
between the tyres of the motorcycle ad the wall of the well is s. The minimum speed, the
motorcyclist must have in order to prevent slipping, should be:
(a)

Q9.

(c) 0.42 m

A particle of mass m begins to slide down a fixed smooth sphere from the top. What is its
tangential acceleration when it breaks off the sphere?
(a)

Q8.

(b) 0.2 m

(b) 10 ms2

(c) 10 ms2

(d)

10
ms2

A 1 kg stone at the end of 1 m long string is whirled in a vertical circle at constant speed of 4
m/sec. The tension in the string is 6 N when the stone is at (g = 10 m/sec2):

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Physics

Q12.

5-Circular motion

## (d) none of these

The maximum tension that an inextensible ring of mass density 0.1 kg m 1 can bear is 40 N.
The maximum velocity with which it can be rotated in a circular path is:
(a) 20 ms1

Q13.

(d) 15 ms1

## (d) 282 m/s2

A motorcyclist wants to drive on the vertical surface of wooden well of radius 5 m, with a
minimum speed of 5 5 m/s. The minimum value of coefficient of friction between the tyres
and the wall of the well must be: (take g = 10 m/s2)
(a) 0.10

Q15.

(c) 16 ms1

A boy whirls a stone in a horizontal circle 1.8 m above the ground by means of a string 1.2 m
long. The string breaks and stone flies off horizontally, striking the ground 9.1 m away. The
centripetal acceleration during the circular motion was:
(a) 94 m/s2

Q14.

(b) 18 ms1

(b) 0.20

(c) 0.30

(d) 0.40

## and the radius of curvature of the

road is 6 m then the safe driving speed should not exceed : (g = 10 m/s2)
(a) 86.4 km/h
Q16.

Q17.

Q18.

## (d) 30.4 km/h

Which of the following statements about the centripetal and centrifugal forces is correct?
(a)

## Centripetal force balances the centrifugal force

(b)

Both centripetal force and centrifugal force act on the same body

(c)

## Centripetal force is directed opposite to the centrifugal force

(d)

Centripetal force is experienced by the observer at the centre of the circular path
described by the body.

A particle moving along a circular path due to a centripetal force having constant magnitude is
an example of motion with:
(a) constant speed and velocity

## A body moving in a circular path with constant speed has:

(a) constant retardation

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Physics
Q19.

Q20.

5-Circular motion

For a particle moving along a circular path with a constant speed, the acceleration is constant
in:
(a) magnitude

(b) direction

## (d) neither magnitude nor direction

A particle of mass 2 kg is moving along a circular path of radius 1 m. If its angular speed is 2
rad s1, the centripetal force on it is:
(a) 4 N

Q21.

Q23.

R
v0

(d) 82 N

(b)

R
(1 e 2 )
v0

(c)

R 2
e
v0

(d)

2p R
v0

## A particle of mass m is suspended from a fixed point O by a string of length l as shown in

figure. At t = 0, it is displaced from equilibrium position and released. The graph, which shows
the variation of the tension T in the string with time t, is:

(a)

(b)

(c)

(d)

The speed of a particle moving in a circle is increasing. The dot product of its acceleration and
velocity is:
(a) negative

Q24.

(c) 44 N

A particle is moving in a circle of radius R in such a way that at any instant the normal and
tangential components of its acceleration are equal. If its speed at t = 0 is v0. The time taken to
complete the first revolution is:
(a)

Q22.

(b) 8 N

(b) zero

(c) positive

## (d) may be +ve or ve

A particle P is moving in a circle of radius a with a uniform speed u. C is the centre of the circle
and AB is the diameter. The angular velocities of P about A and C are in the ratio:
(a) 1 : 1

(b) 1 : 2

(c) 2 : 1

(d) 4 : 2

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Physics
Q25.

5-Circular motion

A simple pendulum is vibrating with a angular amplitude of 90 as shown in the given figure.
For what value of , is the acceleration directed?

## (i) vertically upwards

1
(a) 0, cos

Q26.

, 0

, 90, 0

(b) 500 N

(c) 1000 N

(d) 2500 N

60

30

(b)

(c)

(d)

15

A body is moving in a circular path with acceleration a. It its speed gets doubled, find the ratio
of acceleration after and speed the change:
(a) 1 : 4

(b) 1 : 2

(c) 2 : 1

(d) 4 : 1

The circular orbit of two satellites around each have radii r1 and r2 respectively (r1 > r2). If
angular velocities of satellite are same then their centripetal acceleration are related as:
(a) a1 > a2

Q30.

## The angular velocity of second hand, of a clock is:

6

Q29.

A 500 kg car takes a round turn of radius 50 m with a speed of 36 km/h. The centripetal force
is:

(a)

Q28.

1
(d) cos

, 0, 90

(a) 250 N
Q27.

## (iii) vertically downwards

1
(b) 90, cos

, 90

1
(c) cos

(ii) horizontally

(b) a1 = a2

(c) a1 < a2

(d) a1 > a2

A body of mass 1 kg tied to one end of a string is revolved in a horizontal circle of radius 0.1 m
with a speed of 3 revolution per second. Assuming effects of gravity is negligible then linear
velocity, acceleration and tension in the string respectively will be:
(a) 1.88 m/s, 35.5 m/s2, 35.5 N

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Physics

5-Circular motion

EXERCISE 2
Q1.

Q2.

## When a body moves with a constant speed along a circle:

(a) its velocity remains constant

## (d) no acceleration is produced on it

A ball of mass 0.25 kg attached to the end of a string of length 1.96 m is moving in a horizontal
circle. The string will break if the tension is more than 25 N. What is the maximum speed with
which the ball can be moved?
(a) 14 m/s

Q3.

(d) 5 m/s

(b) m1 : m2

(c) r1 : r2

## (d) m1m2 : r1r2

A stone is attached to one end of a string and rotated in a vertical circle. If string breaks at the
position of maximum tension, it will break at:

(a) A

Q5.

## (c) 3.92 m/s

Two racing cars of mass m1 and m2 are moving in circles of radii r 1 and r2 respectively. Their
speeds are such that each makes a complete circle in the same time t. The ratio of the angular
speeds of the first to the second car is:
(a) 1 : 1

Q4.

(b) 3 m/s

(b) B

(c) C

(d) D

20
m with constant tangential acceleration. If the

## A particle moves along a circle of radius

velocity of the particle is 80 m/s at the end of the second revolution after motion has begun,
the tangential acceleration is:
(a) 160 m/s2
Q6.

(c) 40 m/s2

## (d) 640 m/s2

A weightless thread can bear tension upto 3.7 kg weight. A stone of mass 500 gm is tied to it
and revolved in a circular path of radius 4 m in a vertical plane. If g = 10 m/s 2, then the
maximum angular velocity of the stone is:

Q7.

(b) 40 m/s2

(b)

A particle revolves around a circular path, the centripetal acceleration of the particle is
inversely proportional to:
(a) mass of the particle

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Physics

Q8.

Q9.

(b) 10 N

(c) 5 N

(d) 15 N

(b) 0.61

(c) 0.31

(d) 0.81

(b)

10
cm
3

(c)

15
cm
4

(d)

18
cm
3

## (c) gravitational force (d) none of these

A bucket tied at the end of a 1.6 m long string, is whirled in a vertical circle. What should be
the minimum speed so that the water from the bucket does not split when the bucket is at
highest position?
(a) 16 m/s

Q15.

(c)

r
(d) 2
r1

r2
r1

## Force responsible for the circular motion of the body is:

(a) centripetal force

Q14.

r2
(b)
r1

A frictional track ABCDE ends in a circular loop of radius R. A body slides down the track from
point A which is at height h = 5 cm. Maximum value of R for a body to complete the loop
successfully is:

(a) 2 cm

Q13.

A cyclist moving with a speed of 4.9 m/s on a level road can take a sharp circular turn of
radius 4 m, then coefficient of friction between the cycle tyres and road is:
(a) 0.71

Q12.

## A body of mass 5 kg is moving in a circle of radius 1 m with an angular velocity of 2 rad/sec.

The centripetal force acting on the body is:
(a) 20 N

Q11.

Two particles of equal mass revolving in circular paths of radii r 1 and r2 respectively with the
same angular velocity. The ratio of their centripetal forces will be:

r1
(a)
r2
Q10.

5-Circular motion

(b) 4 m/s

## (d) none of these

If the radii of circular paths of two particles of same masses are in the ratio 1 : 2, then in order
to have a constant centripetal force, their velocities should be in the ratio of:
(a) 1 : 4

(b) 4 : 1

(c) 1 :

(d)

2 :1

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Physics

Q16.

A body is allowed to slide down a frictionless track freely under gravity. The track end in a
semicircular shaped part of a diameter D. The height (minimum) from which the body must fall
so that it completes the circle, is:
(a)

Q17.

5-Circular motion

4
D
5

(b)

D
2

(c)

3D
4

(d)

5
D
4

A stone tied to a string is rotated in a vertical plane. If the mass of the stone is m, the length of
the string is r and the linear speed of the stone is v when the stone is at its lowest point, then
the tension in the string will be
(g = acceleration due to gravity):
(a)

Q18.

mv 2
mg
r

(c)

mv 2
r

(d) mg

10 : 2

(b) 2 : 10

(c) 10 10 : 1

(d) 1 : 10 10

A body is attached to one end of a string and is moving in a circular path of radius r in a
vertical plane while the other end of the string is fixed. To ensure that string does not slacken,
then the minimum velocity required to be imparted to the body, when it is at the bottom of the
circle, will be:
(a)

Q20.

(b)

The distance of the two planets from the sun are nearly 10 12 to 1013 metres respectively. Then
the ratio of their periodic time, if they are supposed to move in a circular orbit is:
(a)

Q19.

mv 2
mg
r

2 gr

(b)

5 gr

(c)

3 gr

## A stone of mass 1 kg tied to a light inextensible string of length L =

10
m, whirling in a
3

circular path in a vertical plane. The ratio of maximum tension in the string to the minimum
tension in the string is 4. If g is taken to be 10 m/s 2, the speed of the stone at the highest point
of the circle is:
(a) 10 m/s
Q21.

(c) 10 3 m/s

(d) 20 m/s

A cyclist move in a circular track of radius 100 metre. If the coefficient of friction is 0.2. Then
the maximum speed with which the cyclist take a turn without leaning inwards is:
(a) 14.0 m/s

Q22.

(b) 5 2 m/s

## (d) 9.8 m/s

The ratio of angular speeds of minutes hand and hour hand of a watch is:
(a) 1 : 6

(b) 60 : 1

(c) 12 : 1

(d) 1 : 6

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Physics
Q23.

5-Circular motion

Toy cart tied to the end of an unstretched string of length a, when revolved moves in a
horizontal circle of radius 2a with a time period T. Now the toy cart is speeded up until it moves
in a horizontal circle of radius 3a with a period T. If Hooks law hold then:
(a) T =

Q24.

3
T
2

2.5 m

v2

(b) 16 N

(c) 10 N

(b) 3 m/s2

(b) 1 m

(c) 3 m

(b)

v2

a 2

(c)

v2
r

(b) 4 sec

(c) 1 sec

## A cyclist goes round a circular path of circumference 34.3 m in

by him, with vertical, will be:
(a) 45

Q30.

(d) T = T

(d) 8 N

(d) 8 m/s2

(d) 1.5 m

(d) a

A small cone filled with water is revolved in a vertical circle of radius 4 m and the water does
not fall down. What must be the maximum period of revolution?
(a) 2 sec

Q29.

(c) T =

A car of mass m moves in a horizontal circular path of radius r metre. At an instant its speed is
v m/s and is increasing at a rate a m/s2, then the acceleration of the car is:
(a)

Q28.

3
T
2

A wet open umbrella is held vertical and it whirled about the handle at a uniform rate of 21
revolutions in 44 seconds. If the rim of the umbrella is a circle of 1 metre in diameter and the
height of the rim above the floor is 4.9 m. The locus of the drop is a circle of radius:
(a)

Q27.

A motor car is traveling at 30 m/s on a circular road of radius 500 m. It is increasing its speed
at the rate of 2 m/s2. Then acceleration of the car will be:
(a) 4 m/s2

Q26.

3
2

A body of mass 2 kg tied to the end of string of length 1 metre is whirled in a horizontal circle,
with a uniform angular velocity of 4 rad/sec. Then, the tension of the string will be:
(a) 32 N

Q25.

(b) T =

(b) 90

(c) 22.5

(d) 6 sec

(d) 60

A train has to negotiate a curve of radius 400 m. By how much height should the outer rail be
raised with respect to inner rail for a speed of 48 km/hr? The distance between the rails is 1 m:
(a) 4.5 cm

(b) 9 cm

(c) 2.25 cm

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Physics

5-Circular motion

Q1.

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Q30.

Q1.

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Q28.

Q29.

Q30.

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