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Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) A tool to inform sustainable city planning

Cole Roberts, PE, LEED AP

New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle, WA | February 4, 2010

sustainable city planning Cole Roberts, PE, LEED AP New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle,

Outline

IRM IRM Tool Arup Approach
IRM
IRM Tool
Arup
Approach
Arup
Arup

Arup Background

global | integrated | employee-owned | multidisciplinary

Principal Fields of Activity

Building Engineering

Sustainability & GHG Consulting

LEED Consulting

Civil Engineering

Energy & Resources Engineering

Integrated Resource Planning

Infrastructure

Transportation Planning

Information Technology

Smart Grid & Information Architecture

Acoustics / Vibration Consulting

Advanced Technology

Risk Assessment

Environmental Consulting

Advanced Technology Risk Assessment Environmental Consulting Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New
Advanced Technology Risk Assessment Environmental Consulting Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New
Advanced Technology Risk Assessment Environmental Consulting Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New
Advanced Technology Risk Assessment Environmental Consulting Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New

Total Planning = Sustainability

Total Planning = Sustainability the integration process and the interdependence of all the professions involved, the
Total Planning = Sustainability the integration process and the interdependence of all the professions involved, the

the integration process and the interdependence of

all the professions involved, the creative nature of

planning and engineering, the value of innovation and the social purpose of design.

the value of innovation and the social purpose of design. Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New

Collaborations

Clinton Climate Positive Projects

C40 Memorandum of Understanding

World Economic Forum

C40 Memorandum of Understanding • World Economic Forum Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New
C40 Memorandum of Understanding • World Economic Forum Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New
C40 Memorandum of Understanding • World Economic Forum Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New
IRM Arup Approach
IRM
Arup
Approach

Urban Metabolism

“Organic” model for thinking about material and energy flows in cities dates to 1965

(Wolman, A.)(1965). The metabolism of cities. Scientific American, 179-190.

Urban Metabolism

(a) Supply

Employment: of housing Recycling(??) Land Use Social Schedule (a) Employment (b) Social infrastructure demand
Employment:
of housing
Recycling(??)
Land Use
Social
Schedule
(a) Employment
(b) Social infrastructure
demand
demand
Reduc
tion in
Land area
potable
demand
Wind
required for
through rainwater
turbines
Turbines
harvest
Demand for
consumables
Freight
(food, etc)
Potable water
transport
demand
distance (based
Water
on d
ensity)
Consumption
Reduction
(Food,
in potable
water
goods, etc)
POPULATION
Reduction
in
demand
energy demand
Energy
through
Non-potable
Passenger
through embedded
from
Wind
recycling
water demand
Transport
renewables
Per capita
(treated
distance
Travel
energy
wastewater)
(based on
demand
Tonnes of
demand excl.
density)
goods moved
transport /
logistics
Energy
Energy
demand
Energy for freight
by type
movement
Passenger
Waste water
Transport
Freight
movement
Production of
(Logistics)
sewage
effluent
Energy recovery
Generation of
from tonnes /
biogas
composition
Tonnes of
Employment generated
waste
Agricultural
waste
Additional
(external): Agricultural
incineration(?)
moved
Land Area for
production
production
Food
Fuel source – energy
(External
production
supply (rice husk)
Area)
Employment generated
(external): Biomass
Biomass / Biofuel
Waste
production
output
Waste
production
Additional
management
Land Area for
Fuel source –
(External Area)
Biomass
energy
production
supply

Integrated Resource Management (IRM)

WEATHER WATER ENERGY LANDSCAPE HUMAN COMFORT TRANSPORT ECONOMY SOCIETY MATERIAL CARBON WASTE RATING SYSTEMS
WEATHER
WATER
ENERGY
LANDSCAPE
HUMAN
COMFORT
TRANSPORT
ECONOMY
SOCIETY
MATERIAL
CARBON
WASTE
RATING
SYSTEMS

Beyond VMT in Land Use

In One Project:

VMT related GHG reductions: 46%

Building energy related GHG reductions: 54% (i.e. greater than the VMT related emissions reductions).

Beyond VMT in Land Use

In One Project:

VMT related GHG reductions: 46%

Building energy related GHG reductions: 54% (i.e. greater than the VMT related emissions reductions).

…and this did not include further benefits from embodied GHG in the improved water and waste systems (often better in infill locations) or the protected bio-mass sequestered in undeveloped alternative sites such as prime ag land and watersheds.

Progress towards best practice sustainability

Trajectory

Normal practice

Best practice

sustainability Trajectory Normal practice Best practice No attention “Just get the job done” Acknowledge

No

attention

“Just get the job done”

Acknowledge

problems

“We’re wasting resources. Our reputation is at risk.” Ad hoc attention to sustainability issues.

Design

principles

“We design individual strategies, each with sustainability elements.”

Management

process

“We use integrated, holistic design to optimise sustainability”

Legal Compliance

Early Adopter

Market Leader

Global Leader

Rational & Complete

Rational & Complete Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 |
Rational & Complete Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 |
Rational & Complete Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 |

Significance and Control

Significance and Control Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 |

Quantitative Support IRM: Modeling

A holistic quantitative model for improved understanding of urban systems and the impact of planning
A holistic quantitative model for
improved understanding of urban
systems and the impact of planning
decisions

The IRM Model

land use

Landtake Density Units
Landtake Density
Units

waste

Generation Composition
Generation
Composition

energy

carbon transportation

water

Land use demand Supply Emission rates
Land use demand
Supply
Emission rates
Emission factors, trip length, %
Emission factors,
trip length, %
Water consumption rates
Water consumption
rates

material

s Design life, material consumption
s
Design life, material
consumption

Integrated Resource Management (IRM)

Energy

consumption

Water

consumption/

wastewater

generation

CO 2

emissions

(indirect,

direct,

mobile)

Waste

Embodied

generated

Carbon in

& diverted

Materials

VMTs

generated Carbon in & diverted Materials VMTs compare baseline and design across multiple indicators

compare baseline and design across multiple indicators

compare baseline with design

across multiple indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items

compare

alternatives

indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste
indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste

compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste generation measured in # of garbage bins)

items (e.g. waste generation measured in # of garbage bins) detect “hotspots” of resource consumption across

detect “hotspots” of resource consumption across the plan

The IRM Model

land use

Landtake Density Units
Landtake Density
Units

waste

Generation Composition
Generation
Composition

energy

carbon transportation

water

Land use demand Supply Emission rates
Land use demand
Supply
Emission rates
Emission factors, trip length, %
Emission factors,
trip length, %
Water consumption rates
Water consumption
rates

material

s Design life, material consumption
s
Design life, material
consumption

Integrated Resource Management (IRM)

Energy

consumption

Water

consumption/

wastewater

generation

CO 2

emissions

(indirect,

direct,

mobile)

Waste

Embodied

generated

Carbon in

& diverted

Materials

VMTs

generated Carbon in & diverted Materials VMTs compare baseline and design across multiple indicators

compare baseline and design across multiple indicators

compare baseline with design

across multiple indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items

compare

alternatives

indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste
indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste

compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste generation measured in # of garbage bins)

items (e.g. waste generation measured in # of garbage bins) detect “hotspots” of resource consumption across

detect “hotspots” of resource consumption across the plan

The IRM Model

land use

Landtake Density Units
Landtake Density
Units

waste

Generation Composition
Generation
Composition

energy

carbon transportation

water

Land use demand Supply Emission rates
Land use demand
Supply
Emission rates
Emission factors, trip length, %
Emission factors,
trip length, %
Water consumption rates
Water consumption
rates

material

s Design life, material consumption
s
Design life, material
consumption

Integrated Resource Management (IRM)

Energy consumption
Energy
consumption
Water consumption/ wastewater generation
Water
consumption/
wastewater
generation
CO 2 emissions (indirect, direct, mobile)
CO 2
emissions
(indirect,
direct,
mobile)
Waste generated & diverted
Waste
generated
& diverted
Embodied Carbon in Materials
Embodied
Carbon in
Materials
VMTs
VMTs
& diverted Embodied Carbon in Materials VMTs compare baseline and design across multiple indicators

compare baseline and design across multiple indicators

compare baseline with design

across multiple indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items

compare

alternatives

indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste
indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste

compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste generation measured in # of garbage bins)

items (e.g. waste generation measured in # of garbage bins) detect “hotspots” of resource consumption across

detect “hotspots” of resource consumption across the plan

The IRM Model

land use

Landtake Density Units
Landtake Density
Units

waste

Generation Composition
Generation
Composition

energy

carbon transportation

water

Land use demand Supply Emission rates
Land use demand
Supply
Emission rates
Emission factors, trip length, %
Emission factors,
trip length, %
Water consumption rates
Water consumption
rates

material

s Design life, material consumption
s
Design life, material
consumption

Integrated Resource Management (IRM)

Energy consumption
Energy
consumption
Water consumption/ wastewater generation
Water
consumption/
wastewater
generation
CO 2 emissions (indirect, direct, mobile)
CO 2
emissions
(indirect,
direct,
mobile)
Waste generated & diverted
Waste
generated
& diverted
Embodied Carbon in Materials
Embodied
Carbon in
Materials
VMTs
VMTs
& diverted Embodied Carbon in Materials VMTs compare baseline and design across multiple indicators

compare baseline and design across multiple indicators

compare baseline with design

across multiple indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items

compare

alternatives

indicators compare baseline with design compare alternatives compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste

compare with comparable everyday items (e.g. waste generation measured in # of garbage bins)

items (e.g. waste generation measured in # of garbage bins) detect “hotspots” of resource consumption across

detect “hotspots” of resource consumption across the plan

Optimized and Informed Planning

IRM model Refine - -
IRM
model
Refine
-
-

Develop

strategies

Planning IRM model Refine - - Develop strategies IRM model strategies Optimize Strategies Plan evolution
Planning IRM model Refine - - Develop strategies IRM model strategies Optimize Strategies Plan evolution
IRM model
IRM
model

strategies

Refine - - Develop strategies IRM model strategies Optimize Strategies Plan evolution Performance optimization

Optimize

Strategies

Plan evolution

Performance

optimization

GIS Integration

GIS Integration Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle, WA
GIS Integration Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle, WA
GIS Integration Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle, WA
GIS Integration Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle, WA
GIS Integration Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle, WA
GIS Integration Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle, WA

Greenhouse Gases and Emissions

Greenhouse Gases and Emissions Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010
IRM IRM Tool Arup Approach
IRM
IRM Tool
Arup
Approach

Projects

Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle, WA |

Concord Naval Weapon Station

Concord Naval Weapon Station

Concord Naval Weapon Station

Concord Naval Weapon Station Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 |
Concord Naval Weapon Station Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 |
Concord Naval Weapon Station Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 |

Concord Naval Weapon Station

Concord Naval Weapon Station Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 |
Concord Naval Weapon Station Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 |
Concord Naval Weapon Station Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 |

Transportation

Transportation

Economics

• Financial Feasibility
• Financial Feasibility

Nevada Institution

Nevada Institution

Nevada Institution

Nevada Institution Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle,

Nevada Institution

Nevada Institution Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle,

Nevada Institution

Nevada Institution Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle,

Nevada Institution

Nevada Institution Spatially-linked Integrated Resource Management (IRM) New Partners for Smart Growth 2010 | Seattle,

Long Island 2035 Sustainability Plan

Evaluation of “alternative futures” for a region of 3 million people

• Analysis of existing and future: • Land use patterns • Resource consumption • Government
• Analysis of existing and future:
• Land use patterns
• Resource consumption
• Government regulations
• Practices and policies

Summary

Quantitative and integrated approach to sustainable development and design

Outputs for Scope 1, 2 and 3 Carbon emissions classified by

WRI protocol

Outputs for density, waste, energy, water & wastewater

Provides output in non-technical language (marketability)

“How many worlds will an urban future need?”

Arup Drivers of Change Cards, Urbanization Set, 2008

Acknowledgements

Engin Ayaz, Aidan Hughes, Jake Levitas for co-authoring the presentation

Adam Friedberg, Andrew Egleton, Damien McCloud, Jessen Page, Mark Shorett, Sarah

Gillhespy, and numerous other Arup consultants, designers, engineers and planners for

their contribution to the development of the IRM approach and its use on various projects.

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