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University of Toronto

Faculty of Applied Science and Engineering

Department of Mechanical and Industrial Engineering

Final Project, 2015

Consider the two-bedroom unit in the 5th floor of a 10 story residential tower located in your
designated city. The building is located close to a large artificial pond and the common
reflective exterior surface can be considered as water. The location and orientation of the
building and the unit in question are shown in figure 1. For the design condition, it is safe to use
the clear sky model with 23 km visibility range.


Figure 1 Floor plan of the 5 floor showing the orientation of the building and the location of the unit in question

The central mechanical ventilation system of the building maintains a constant overpressure
of 30 Pa at 20C in the corridors. Except for the unit entrance door and windows, the
rest of the unit is air tight. All doors and windows are weather-stripped and frames are caulked.
Windows are clear out, clear in double glazed with 3 mm nominal thickness. All the perimeter
walls are composed of 8 H.W. concrete, 2 insulation, and 1 of dry wall with light exterior
color. Interior partitions are standard dry wall. Dimensions and types are shown in figure 2
along with the layout of the unit.
In order to find heating and cooling loads, effect of lights can be neglected. Also, for simplicity,
you can ignore the transient effect of occupants presence. However, for peak load calculations,
assume there are 4 people in the unit, with light activity during the day and sleeping at night.
Appliances are also used for cocking from 10:00 am to 1:00 pm. You can make realistic
assumptions for appliances power ratings. You can also neglect the heat transfer between units
and corridors and use CLTD/CLF method for your calculations.
The building has a central plant that produces chilled water at 5C and hot water at 70C,
transferred to each unit via a central piping system. For residential units of small size, it is
customary to treat the whole unit as a single zone with 1 thermostat control. In this project we
are focusing on the peak load design only and the goal is to design a fixed air volume system to
service the unit in question. The complete air handling package must be small enough to fit in
the designated space in bedroom 2. You are required to select all the necessary components
from available manufacturers data based on your load calculations. Please note that this is a
design problem which allows you to make reasonable assumptions. Your report must contain
the following items and clear explanation on how you have done your calculations and why you
have made your assumptions:

A psychometric chart specially plotted for the city assigned to you

A sun path diagram for the location of the building
Two Sol-Air Temperature plots for the peak heating and cooling days
All the necessary steps for cooling and heating load calculations plus all the tables and
charts you have used doing so
Calculations of volumetric air flow rate requirements
Air filter, cooling and heating coils selection
Humidifier selection if necessary
Duct design and sizing, pressure drop calculations, and fan selection

Your design must also satisfy health, comfort, and noise level requirements. At the end of the
report, please conclude your design by commenting on the efficiency of the system, and ways
to improve it.

Figure 2 Unit layout (the drawing is to scale and dimensions can be extracted from the known bedroom sizes)