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BASIC CONCEPTS

& PRINCIPLES OF

HUMAN
RIGHTS
By: ATTY. JARLEY D. SULAY-TRUGILLO

HUMAN RIGHTS, in retrospect

US Independence 1776
French Revolution 1789

CYRUS CYLINDER considered as the


first charter of Human Rights. 539 B.C.
Cyrus the Great declared freedom for the slaves

US Declaration of Independence 1776


Declaration of the Rights of Man and
Citizen - France 1789
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
10 December 1948
International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights


(ICESCR) 1966

Human Rights in the Philippines

Republika ng Katagalugan
Andres Bonifacio

The Malolos Constitution after the


success of the Filipinos in the war for
Independence against the 333 years
of Spanish colonialization

1896

Comprehensive Agreement on the Respect for


Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law
(CARHRIHL)

Basic Concept of
Human Right
HUMAN RIGHTS is a congregate of
rights of every person regardless of sex,
gender, race, color or religion which
exist at the time of birth and even
conception. Every person is special
because of his/her human rights.

Every person has dignity, hence, a different creature than


the animals. A person has right to life and live, freedom and
liberty, to food and not to be hungry, security and safety,
belief and religion, assembly and expression, free from
poverty and destitution.

THE BASIC RIGHTS

THREE IMPORTANT
RIGHTS OF A PERSON:
LDD

1. Right to LIFE and to LIVE


2. Right to DIGNITY and EXISTENCE
3. Right to DEVELOP as a person

Basic PRINCIPLES on

HUMAN RIGHTS

COMPREHENSIVE HUMAN RIGHTS


- vs

UNIVERSAL HUMAN RIGHTS

UNIVERSAL
HUMAN RIGHTS

Universal Declaration
Of Human Rights 1948

COMPREHENSIVE
HUMAN RIGHTS

UNIVERSALITY OF
HUMAN RIGHTS
BASIC PRINCIPLES of Universality

Inherent
Imprescriptible
Inalienable
Universal

IIIU

UNIVERSALITY OF
HUMAN RIGHTS
BASES OF UNIVERSALITY:

FSCAl

a.Absolute similarity and equality


b.Structures and systems
c.Formal requisites and civil obligations
d. Contracts business interest
e. Individualism

COMPREHENSIVE
HUMAN RIGHTS
BASES and PRINCIPLES of
COMPREHENSIVENESS:

LAEA

a. Liberty
b. all-inclusive equality rather than absolute
c. Equity and justice
d. All-embracing the socio-economic-civil-political-cultural
right of persons and communities

BILL OF RIGHTS
A fundamental guarantee of individual
liberty
A declaration of individual rights and
freedoms usually issued by a national
government.
A list of fundamental rights included in
each state constitution.
Source: http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Bill+of+rights

BILL OF RIGHTS
English Bill of Rights, passed in 1689, which was
created after the Glorious Revolution of 1688.
Nearly a century later, seven of the 13 states of
the newly independent United States of America
adopted a bill of rights.
In 1789 the Constituent Assembly of France
passed the Declaration of the Rights of Man, a
document that stated the philosophical principles
of the French Revolution.
Canada adopted the Act for the Recognition and
Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental
Freedoms in 1960.

Philippine
BILL OF RIGHTS
Establishes the relationship of the individuals
to the state.
Defines the rights of the individual by limiting
the powers of the state.
This concept has placed a high value on the
individual in relation to the state.
In Phil. History, rights became a matter of
grant of ruler rather than of the ruled.
Source: http://www.jstor.org

EPFA

- encomienda system
- polo system
- frailocracy
- anti-Katipunan policies

Spanish Period
American Period
-Anti Sedition 1901
-Anti Brigandage 1902
-scorched earth policy
-internment camps
-Phil. Bill of 1902

- Martial Law
- Both president and
Prime Minister

AASIP

Marcos Dictatorship