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Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

Welcome to 9360 Small Cell Solution


R 4.3 OAM overview
1. Small Cell Management overview
1. Small Cell Management overview

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

9360 Small Cell Solution


R 4.3 OAM overview
Upon completion of this course, you should be able to:
List the challenges of an O&M system in a Small Cell Solution,
Explain how the Small Cell Management is implemented into the Small Cell Solution,
Identify the different Small Cell Management parts and their general functions,
Describe the Small Cell Management architecture,
Name the Small Cell Management hardware,
Name the OAM functions for the Small Cell Solution network elements that are carried out by the
Small Cell Management,

Your feedback is appreciated!


Please feel free to Email your comments to:
training.feedback@alcatel-lucent.com
Please include the following training reference in your email:
TMO54200_V2.0-SG Edition 2
Thank you!

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 1

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Document History
Edition

Date

Author

Remarks

01

2013-05-02

Seidel, Michael

First version

02

2013-12-11

Seidel, Michael

2nd version for BCR 4.3.

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 2

OAM Operations, Administration and Maintenance

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 4

Page
1 Course introduction
1.1 Small Cell Solution course curriculum
1.2 Before we start
1.3 How to use LiveMeeting
1.4 Our expectations
1.5 Who we are
1.6 Ice breaker
1.7 Objectives
2 Small Cell Management overview
2.1 The challenges
2.2 Network architecture
2.3 MOCN with shared spectrum
2.4 W-CDMA + Small Cell
2.5 Motive Home Device Manager
2.6 WPS Small Cells
2.7 WMS Small Cells
3 Small Cell Management functions, architecture and hardware
3.1 Small Cell Management System Upgrade to BCR4.3
3.2 Compatibility matrix
3.3 Small Cell Management architecture
3.4 Small Cell Management detailed architecture
3.5 Small Cell Management North Bound interfaces
3.6 Small Cell Management hardware
3.7 Small Cell Management - small server solution
3.8 Support of new HDM hardware
4 OAM in Small Cell Management
4.1 OAM support overview
4.2 Small Cell Management
4.3 Support of the BSR Gateway
4.3.1 WPS support of BSR Gateway
4.3.2 BSR GW software management and inventory
4.3.3 Fault management of BSR Gateway in WMS
4.4 WPS configuration management of IPC
4.5 Performance management

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 7

LMS Learning Management System


OAM Operation, Administration and Maintenance
Q&A Questions and Answers
RF Radio Frequency
WBT Web Based Training

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 8

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
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NE Network Elements
OAM Operations, Administration and Maintenance
SCM Small Cell Management
SCS Small Cell Solution

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 16

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 17

NE Network Element
TR-069 Technical Report 069
OAM Operation, Administration and Maintenance
UMTS Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
OPCO Operating Company
The number of managed devices is orders of magnitude larger which means that the frequency of interaction
between the device and the management server needs to go down. The frequency of interaction needs to
be controllable from the management application and the communication pattern needs to be robust
against communication failures.
Wireless base stations have large associated data models. The same level of detail for Small Cells cannot
be maintained because the increased number of devices. In addition, a large part of the configuration is
quasi-static. Small Cell devices work with a mixed TR-069 model that consists of
Parameters that are manageable automatically
Parameters that are grouped into profiles.
A Small Cell network is an UMTS network requiring constant tuning. The Small Cell must be as
autonomous as possible
introduction of network listening and Self-Optimization.

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 18

AAA - Authentication Authorization Accounting MO Mobile Operator


BB Broad Band

MSC Mobile Services Switching Center

BPG BSR Packet Gateway

NID Network Interface Device

BSG BSR Signaling Gateway

NTP Network Time Protocol

BSR Base Station Router

OAM Operations, Administration and Maintenance

BVG BSR Voice Gateway

PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network

GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node

BSR GW Base Station Router Gateway

GW Gateway

SeGW Security Gateway

IPSec IP Security Router

SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node

ISP Internet Service Provider

UE User Equipment

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 19

MOCN Multi-Operator Core Network


RAN Radio Access Network

PLMN Public Land Mobile Network


SC Small Cell

Multiple core network operators can share SC access network based on the network sharing agreement
between them.
MOCN is a solution where two (or more) operators share some common RAN in certain areas or even in the
whole network but do not share their core networks. Until BCR 4.3, SC Solution was capable of supporting
connection to only one operator core network nodes based on one operator, one RAN principle.
The implementation of MOCN allows multiple core network operators to share SC Solution and its NEs (SC,
BSR GW, SCMS) in a shared area based on UTRAN network sharing principles. One specific CN operator
may also have several pooled MSCs/SGSNs connected to the SC Solution and this functionality will be
supported in combination of Iu-flex function already available in SC NEs.
For supporting UEs, SC/BSR GW routes to one CN based on UE selection, while for non-supporting UEs,
SC/BSRGW routes to one CN. If rejected by 1st CN, rerouting done on 2nd CN
There are many RAN sharing scenarios possible depending on MOCN operator strategies, rules &
legislation in different countries. Some of the examples are:
Operator without an UMTS license can share other operator RAN network and provide 3G services to
its customers
A geographically split network, where cooperating operators can cover different parts of a country
Infrastructure sharing, where same RAN can provide service to many operators, thus avoiding the
necessity of deploying RAN per operator.

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 20

HDM Home Device Manager


NPO Network Performance Optimizer
OSS Operations Support System
RNC Radio Network Controller
W-CDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
WMS Wireless Management System
WPS Wireless Provisioning System

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 21

CPE Customer Premises Equipment

TR-069 Technical Report 69

DB Data Base

UI User Interface

HDM Home Device Manager

WMS Wireless Management System

Problem diagnosis and troubleshooting using policy-based automation of device management and
automated management or monitoring thru the use of Dynamic variables and Policy engine:
Event-triggered policy for TR-069 and system events
Instant-triggered policy
Support for organizational department through Operator roles and rights device and function dependent.

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 22

CM Configuration Management
WPS Wireless Provisioning System
XML eXtensive Markup Language

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 23

WMS Wireless Management System


OAM Operation, Administration and Maintenance
3GPP 3rd Generation Partnership Project
FM Fault Management
CM Configuration Management
PM Performance Management
RF Radio Frequency

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 24

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 25

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 26

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 27

BCR Base Station Router Cluster Release


HDM Home Device Manager
MS Management Solution
NE Network Element
OAM Operations, Administration and Maintenance
WMS Wireless Management System
WPS Wireless Provisioning System

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 28

ALU Alcatel-Lucent
BCR Base Station Router Cluster Release
SCMS Small Cell Management Solution
WPS Wireless Provisioning System
WMS Wireless Management System
HDM Home Device Manager

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 29

ALU Alcatel-Lucent
BCR Base Station Router Cluster Release
BSR GW Base Station Router Gateway
IPC Iu Protocol Convertor
IPSec Internet Protocol Security
AAA Authentication Authorization Accounting
NTP Network Time Protocol

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 30

3GPP 3rd Generation Partnership Project


CM Configuration Management
E-W itf East-West Interface
FM Fault Management
FS File Server
HDM Home Device Manager
W-CDMA Wideband Code Division Multiple Access
RF Radio Frequency

HTTP Hyper Text Transfer Protocol


PM Performance Management
SOAP - Service Oriented Architecture Protocol
SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol (formerly)
WMS Wireless Management System
WPS Wireless Provisioning System
XML eXtensive Markup Language
OAM Operations, Administration and Maintenance

Taking into account the global picture, where there are ADSL, W-CDMA and Small Cell worlds, the Small Cell
Management takes the best assets from:
ADSL OAM solution (with HDM) and
W-CDMA solution (with WMS).
WPS for Small Cell Wireless Provisioning System
Planning of templates
Editing, auditing, checking
WMS for Small Cell - Wireless Management Solution
RF algorithm, synchronization with Macro layer
Auto-Config: Mediation HDM <-> WMS Small Cells and auto-configuration algorithm
Templates, software, temporary bulk CM
PM files storage
HDM Home Device Manager
Small Cell management: configuration, software, upgrade, status

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 31

CLI Command Line Interface

SFTP Simple File Transfer Protocol

CM Configuration Management

SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol

FM Fault Management

SOAP Service Oriented Architecture Protocol

FTP File Transfer Protocol

SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol (formerly)

HDM Home Device Manager

SSH Secure Shell

HTTP HyperText Transfer Protocol

TR-069 Technical Review 69

JMS Java Message Service

UTRAN Universal Terrestrial Radio Access

SC AL Small Cell Adaptation Layer

Network

PM Performance Management

WMS Wireless Management System

RF Radio Frequency

WO WorkOrder

WPS Wireless Provisioning System

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 32

ACL Access Control List


BO Back Office
CORBA Common Object Request Broker Architecture
CM Configuration Management
FM Fault Management
FTP File Transfer Protocol
HDM Home Device Manager
JMS Java Message Service
RF Radio Frequency
SC AL Small Cell Adaptation Layer
WMS Wireless Management System
(S)FTP (Simple) File Transfer Protocol
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
SOAP Simple Object Access Protocol (formerly)
SOAP - Service Oriented Architecture Protocol
TR-069 Technical Review 69
WO Work Order
WMS Wireless Management System

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 33

CM Configuration Management
CPU - Central Processing Unit
GUI Graphical User Interface
PC Personal Computer
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
WMS Wireless Management System

WPS Wireless Provisioning System


FM Fault Management
HDM Home Network Manager
RAM Random Access Memory
TR-069 - Technical Report 069

The Operation and Maintenance (OAM) for the Small Cell Solution, is carried out by the Small Cell
Management that consists of three parts:
Motive Home Device Manager (HDM)
9353 Wireless Management System (WMS) Small Cells
optional 9952 Wireless Provisioning System (WPS).
The Motive HDM is a standard web application that uses the following servers in full configuration:
The Presentation and application tier are hosted by a Oracle Sparc T4-1.
The Database tier is hosted by a Oracle Enterprise M4000 with Sun StorageTek ST2540 disk array.
For the 9353 WMS Small Cells that is mainly a Java application an Oracle Netra T5440 is used!
For trials, test beds and small network deployment scenarios, the WMS for Small Cell is hosted on an
Oracle T5220.
The optional 9952 WPS Small Cells is a software that can be installed on any laptop or PC complying with
the minimum hardware requirements.

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 34

CPU Central Processing Unit


FS File Server
GB Giga Byte
HDM Home Device Manager
OS Operating System
RAM Random Access Memory
WMS Wireless Management System
For a small server configuration the Oracle Sparc T4-1 is used for HDM and WMS each.

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 35

RHEL Red Hat Enterprise Linux

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Section 1 Module 1 Page 37

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 38

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 39

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 40

BSR GW Base Station Router Gateway

PM Performance Monitoring

R6 (UMTS) Release 6

SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol

SSH Secure Shell protocol

SW Software

WPS Wireless Provisioning System


WPS Small Cells allows also to configure the BSR Gateway by using the large set of WPS basic
configuration capabilities. WPS provides conversion mechanism between WMS/WPS CM XML data model
format and CLI/BulkCM format supported by the BSR Gateway.
Performance Counter Collection compliant to 3GPP R6 Standard TS32.435 with 15-minute granularity.
In previous release WPS support of BSR GW is limited to CLI parameters. This new feature (83247)
provides full configuration support of BSR GW including CLI parameters and Bulk CM parameters.

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 41

BSR Base Station Router


DSL Digital Subscriber Line
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
HDM Home Device Manager
HLR Home Location Register
IP Internet Protocol
JMS Java Message Service
MSC Mobile Services Switching Center
SeGW Security Gateway
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
SNMP Simple Network Management Protocol
UE User Equipment
WMS - Wireless Management System
WPS Wireless Provisioning System

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 42

B&R - Backup & Restore


CM - Configuration Management
PM - Performance Management
WMS - Wireless Management System
XML - eXtensible Markup Language
SNMP - Simple Network Management Protocol
BSG - BSR Signaling Gateway
BSR - Base Station Router

CLI - Command Line Interface


FM - Fault Management
BSR GW - BSR Gateway
WPS - Wireless Provisioning System
SW - Software
BPG - BSR Packet Gateway
NTP - Network Time Protocol
BVG - BSR Voice Gateway

The Small Cell MS manages the BSR Gateway:


FM: Network Banner and Network Health Indicator, Resource Browser, Alarm Manager, 9 alarms rule
set, Managed and un-managed alarm stream switch off/on for ease of supervision, Audible alarm,
Historical Fault Browser, 3GPP R6 FM
PM files collection:
automatic collection of the PM counters files by WMS. The BSR GW generates its counters in
XML PM Format. These files are collected by WMS and stored in WMS (or any location that the
user has provisioned). The storage duration is 3 days plus the current day and the native purge
mechanism of WMS purges the files after this period.
CM: WPS support of the BSR GW, WPS checks and XML2CLI conversion
Administration: SW management, Reach through B&R and Inventory management
Software management: a GUI wizard is introduced to speed up the new software version of BSR
GW devices. The operator is driven through the various steps of the wizard to choose the
relevant software version to apply, the targeted list of BSR GW, etc
SW inventory: a GUI window is introduced that displays the SW version of the BSR GW devices
connected to Small Cell MS. From this GUI, the operator has the ability to fallback to the previous
edition of the BSR GW in a single click
Reach Through: WMS provides the possibility to launch the CLI of the BSR GW from the related
icon
B&R and HW Inventory.
Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.
TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 43

BSR GW Base Station Router Gateway


MS Management Solution
CLI Command Line Interface
GUI Graphical User Interface
WMS Wireless Management System

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 44

CM Configuration Management

BSR GW BSR Gateway

WO Workorder

WPS Wireless Provisioning System

XML eXtended Markup Language


To beneficiate from the WPS basic toolset for the BSR Gateway configuration (tabular editor, CM XML
import/export, workorder synchronization, configuration audit, copy/paste, template management, model
check), WPS supports the CM XML Model of the BSR GW.
In addition, to ensure the consistency of the BSR Gateway configuration, WPS implements a set of
enhanced checks related to the BSR GW and its interfaces.
WPS Small Cells allows also to configure the BSR Gateway by using the large set of WPS basic
configuration capabilities. WPS provides conversion mechanism between WMS/WPS CM XML data model
format and CLI/BulkCM format supported by the BSR Gateway.
In previous release WPS support of BSR GW is limited to CLI parameters. This new feature (83247)
provides full configuration support of BSR GW including CLI parameters and Bulk CM parameters.
WPS will support
Pre-provision BSR GW (i.e.) generate and deploy BSR GW initial configuration from a predefined WPS
template.
BulkCM attributes/objects configuration of a BSR GW using WPS
CLI attributes/objects configuration of a BSR GW using WPS.
Model Consistency Checks
WPS basic functionalities with respect to BSR GW (Copy, paste, templates, Clone Workorders, etc)
full support of the CM functions for BSR GW using SNMP.

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 45

BSR GW Base Station Router Gateway

NSP Network Service Platform

GUI Graphical User Interface

WMS Wireless Management System

Software Management and Inventory


Software download tools are available for the BSR GW and can be launched directly from the NSP.
Software can be easily downloaded to BSR GW using the software download and activation wizard.
WMS includes also a software inventory window, which lists all the BSR Gateways of the network and
their current software running and fallback version.
From the menu bar of WMS NSP GUI, choose Configuration > Radio Access > Software > Inventory &
Upgrade Session.
From the menu bar, choose Configuration > Radio Access > Software > Download.

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 46

3GPP - 3rd Generation Partnership Project

WMS - Wireless Management System

BSR GW BSR Gateway

SMS Short Message Service

FM Fault Management
Fault Management of the BSR Gateway including Small Cell Management toolset - Alarm Browser,
Resources Browsers, 9 alarm rule-set (inhibit, send SMS, send email, change severity, etc), Trouble
Ticketing, Managed/Un-managed alarm stream, HFB (Historical Fault Browser), Audible alarm, 3GPP R6
FM IRP (Integration Reference Point).
In addition to 3GPP R6 support, this new BCR4.0 feature brings in following enhancements with respect to
SmallCell Itf-NDN for alarms forwarded from Small Cell MS to OSS
Itf-NDN reflects the CM containment hierarchy unlike Small Cell MS3.0 where only the Cluster DN is
used.
Flexibility for operators to configure the Small Cell identifier used in Itf-NDN. Following SmallCell
identifiers are supported
femtoid (SmallCell identifier used in WMS)
OUI-FSN (SmallCell manufacturer OUI + serial number)
bsrName (value of bsrName attribute of the SmallCell)
bsrName + OUI-FSN
Sample DN:
Root=3G,SubNetwork=<roc>,SubNetwork=UTRAN,SubNetwork=FemtoCluster<femtoClusterID>,[SubNetw
ork=FemtoGroup<femtoGroupID>],ManagedElement=Femto<selected identifier>

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 47

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TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 48

IPC Iu Protocol Converter


WPS Wireless Provisioning System

Copyright 2013 Alcatel-Lucent. All Rights Reserved.


TMO54200_M01 Edition 2
Section 1 Module 1 Page 49

FTP File Transfer Protocol


PM Performance Management
WICL Wireless Internet Command Language
NE Network Elements

GW Gateway
SFTP Secure File Transfer Protocol
OAM - Operations Administration and Maintenance
QoS Quality of Service

PM allows you to collect, store and transfer PM data from the NEs. Small Cell Management retrieves the
data from the NE using SFTP. The performance data is then pulled from Small Cell Management by the PM
post-processing tool over FTP.
The PM function provides a remote retrieval system for PM data related to the normal operations of the BSR
Gateway. This data is collected and stored on the NE for a specified amount of time and retrieved at periodic
intervals by the Small Cell Management.
PM files are in 3GPP format. The Small Cell Management does not perform any action on the data collected.
It stores this data and makes it available to an upstream network analysis system for compilation with
performance data from other NEs.
The access network PM applications are in charge of the following actions:
uploading the raw data from the Network Elements
mediating the raw data collected into the XML format defined by the OAM
post-processing this translated data for viewing and creating tables, graph reports, Geographical
Information System views and call trace analysis.
Data collection and mediation are performed through WICL commands. The functional split between subsystems is as following:
NEs are in charge of recording data according to a pre-defined Granularity Period and a counter list.
One XDR file is generated at the end of every Granularity Period.
WMS is in charge of collecting data files from the NEs and exporting them in XML format. The WMS is
also responsible for network configuration export (CM.xml).
Manual post-processing. The data can be used for QoS data computation and network performance
monitoring.

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OAM Operations, Administration and Maintenance

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