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US 2015025364741 us United States c2) Patent Application Publica (a) oy m 3) en 2) (60) on Mercado FOLDED CAMERA LENS SYSTEMS Applicant: Apple Ine, Cupertino, CA (US) Inventor: Romeo I. Mercado, Premont,CA (US) Assignce: Apple In., Cupertino, CA (US) Appl. Now 14/291,571 Filed: May 30, 2014 Related U.S. Application Data Provisional application No. 61/949,898, fled on Ma. 72014 Publication Classification 5B 1382 HON 5225 G28 1300 (2006.01) (2005.01) (2006.01) ion ao) Pub. No.: US 2015/0253647 Al (43) Pub, Date Sep. 10, 2015 (52) US. coc GoaB 13/32 (2013.01); G02B 13/002 (2013.01), G02B 13/0065 (2013 01); H04N $2254 (2013.01) ABSTRACT A folded lens system may include multiple Tenses wth eae ‘ivepoweranda light path folding element Light entering the ceamera through lenses) on a fist optical path oF axis is refracted tothe folding clement, which changes direction of the light onto a second optical path or axis with lens(es) that reffact the light to form an image plane ata photosensor. At Teast one a te object side and image side sures oft least ‘one of the les elements may be aspheric. Total trick length (TTL) of te lens system may'be 16.0 mm or less, The lens system may be configured o that the telephoto ration ITTLID) is greater than 1.0, Materials, radi ofeurvaure, shapes, sizes, spacing, and aspheric eoellicens of the optical elements may be selected t0 achieve quality optial performance and high ‘mage resolution in a small fom factor camera ‘camera 100 Frag. 2500 object distance at Infinity Prat Patent Application Publication Sep. 10, 2015 Sheet 1 of41 US 2015/0253647 Al i camera 100 rack ogih F128, 26.deg DFOV, 3:232-mm Image Circle Radius as object distance at Infinity Position: 1 lt vak gh (TT) = q ac engi 1+ tack enh 2 fens FAs system) inion 159 J 1104 “exons tok feng 2 AOU image ane T Tota as (ax) FIG. 1A Patent Application Publication Sep. 10, 2015 Sheet 2 0f41 US 2015/0253647 Al ee - camera 100 object distance at 1000mm Position: 2 Image plone displacement from infinity focus poston 1. 195.5 microns sir sie faa F sto denna 5 opicl as axe) FIG. 1B Patent Application Publication Sep. 10,2015 Sheet 3 of41 US 2015/0253647 AL Lover. asmiouanec ‘SPHERICAL ABER. FIELD CURVES DISTORTION ee = Mors i Poa } 9 | . 7 id = . idl eee ae es FIG. 2A. cowatt.s san 10-Psion Ot tty oon eae SPHERICAL ABER. FIELD CURVES DISTORTION i = . ie = oom He 32s boas oo ft oe er oe FIG, 2B Camera soa ten system 110-Poaten 2-Onertitance at 1000 Patent Application Publication Sep. 10,2015 Sheet 4of41 US 2015/0253647 AL Object distance at infinity Y-FAN 100. RELATIVE X-FAN FELOHEIGHT 0.025 ase oes 0025! 0.025 08s REATVE FELDHEGET (11.05) oa 0025 os RELATIVE FE HEAT 4.025 ad 02s | 202s! 0.025 049 RELATIVE FEW HEAT cae 02s peo | 0025 om RELATIVE FELD HEGHT (9.000 )° oe 0005 sootoonat lens system 110 a tO NAL 52000" RAY ABERRATIONS( MILLIMETERS ) roam nit ‘root at POSITION 1 FIG, 3A Patent Application Publication Sep. 10,2015 Sheet Sof 41 US 2015/0253647 AL Object distance at 1000mm | Y-FAN 100 RELATNE: X-FAN FELD HEGT om (1900)° ae 002s 08s RELATIVE FIELO HEIGHT nas tito) j 002s 0028 | 02s 069 RELATIVE FIELO HEIGHT ad (9:00)? 002s 049 RELATIVE FIELO HEIGHT ones aan ; ons 0028 | 9928 00 RELATIVE FELDHEIGHT oes aaa os 0028 lens system 110 Stun n Sss0000 Ni RAY ABERRATIONS (MILLIMETERS ) Sinono at POSTION 2 FIG. 3B Patent Application Publication Sep. 10, 2015 Sheet 6 of 41 US 2015/0253647 Al on camera 100A oa F'2.8,4.9 mmx 3.7 mm (6.14 mm diagonal) Real image object distance at infinity nan Peet: 1 ws | = system / 5) fi] “mare . \ oes = ens | ae | ra Noe | = ons Co imag ine rr ‘27 mim FIG. 4A Patent Application Publication Sep. 10, 2015 Sheet 7of41 US 2015/0253647 Al fens ‘dement camera 100A 2 F/28, 4.9mm x 3.7 mm (6.14 mm diagonal) Real Image pam Object distance at 1000mm a Postion: 2 ont ioe ‘a system) non 50) le wil “Ss 7 en | ‘a | SS | | Jens. ie | Z \ l< \ site (er meee ee FIG. 4B Patent Application Publication Sep. 10, 2015 Sheet 8 of 41 US 2015/0253647 Al i camera 200 ' ‘rack fength 1 F12.8, 26-deg DFOV, t 3.232-mm image ' Circle Radius as object distance at Infinity Position: 4 fens fea ack engi (TTL) = 1+ tack ngth 2 cotta _ ax) ws] i system) ow 25 Hi mp A 7| “ | / | won nage pane ad TR te (opr) aan oe FIG. 5A Patent Application Publication Sep. 10, 2015 Sheet 9 of 41 US 2015/0253647 Al say camera 200 object distance at 1000mm Position: 2 s st Image plane asplacement from infnty focus poston 1: 197.8 microns 9 10 os omer? me sir P36 image eee (irra auger gn ora cates os ve) FIG. 5B Patent Application Publication LONSTUDINAL SPHERICAL ABER, FIG. 6A LONGITUDINAL ‘SPHERICAL ABER, Sep. 10,2015 Sheet 10 of 41 ASTIGNATIC FIELOCURVES esi Yoh am we oars I Focus uum) asTiewaric FeLOcURVES cso ams 00 oes. 000 Focus MLLNETESS cow cms 00 om 0160 Focuses) ‘US 2015/0253647 AL DisTORTION mci Face ‘Camera 200 Ler Sytem 210 ~ Posen 1 -Ojet stance at ni DISTORTION pgs < on \o ew | 1 io 05 oc as 40 ‘% isoRran Patent Application Publication Sep. 10, 2015 Sheet 11 of 41. US 2015/0253647 AL Object distance at infinity Y-FAN 100 _RELATWE X-FAN FELDHEIGHT ns ee os 028 0025 65. RELATIVE FELDHEIGHT os (110892 omas 202s 0025 co RELATIVE FELOHEIGMT ons cme ms os aces 069 RELATIVE FELOHEIGNT cas cane os 0028 0925 00 RELATIVE FELOHEIGHT os (0000)° ons 0008 002s sso.00n0 wa lens system 210 610.0000 NM 55.0000 Na RAY ABERRATIONS ( MILLIMETERS.) S000 wa s700000 NM POSITION ¢ FIG. 7A Patent Application Publication Sep. 10, 2015 Sheet 12 of 41 US 2015/0253647 AL Object distance at 1000mm Y-FAN 100 RELATIVE X