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Suggested Solutions to 2014 SH2 H2 Mathematics Preliminary Examination

Paper 1
1 (i)

Since A(1, 20) lies on the curve,


a(1)2 + b(1) + c = 20 a b + c = 20 (1)
Since B(3, 4) lies on the curve,
a(3)2 + b(3) + c = 4 9a + 3b + c = 4 (2)
Since B(3, 4) is a stationary point,
2a(3) + b = 0 6a + b = 0 (3)

1 (ii)

a = 1, b = 6, c = 13
y x2 6 x 13 ( x 3)2 4
Hence
y x2
translate 3 units in the positive x-direction
y ( x 3) 2
translate 4 units in the positive y -direction
y ( x 3) 2 4 x 2 6 x 13

x
1
8x
dx
dx

2
2
2
2
8
1

4
x
1

4
x

1 1

c
8 1 4 x2

4x2

1 4 x2

dx 4 x

1 4 x2

dx

1
1
4
4x
2
2
8 1 4x

8 1 4 x
x
1

dx
2
2 1 4x
2 1 4 x2

x
1
tan 1 2 x c
2
4
2 1 4x

dx

3 (i)

t
, y te t
t a
dx t 2 a t (2t ) t 2 a

2
2
dt
t 2 a t 2 a

dy
te t e t e t (1 t )
dt
t
2
dy e (1 t ) t a

dx
t 2 a

dy a
At t 0,

a.
dx
a
Since the tangent to the curve C at t = 0 is perpendicular to the line 4y x = 0,
1
a 1 a 4 (Shown)
4
2

3 (ii)

3 (iii)

t
2
dy e (1 t ) t 4

.
For a = 4,
dx
t 2 4
2
e2 (3) 4 4
dy

0.
As t 2 ,
dx
4 4
The gradient of the curve approaches 0 as t 2 .
t
, y tet 2e2 .
Observe that as t 2, x 2
t 4
2
Thus, y 2e is a horizontal asymptote.
2

y 2e2

4 (i)

4 (ii)

Since A, B and P are collinear,


OP a 1 b .
Since M, N and P are collinear,
1
OP 2a 1 b .
3
Comparing, we have
2

.
1

4
2
Solving, we have
and .
5
5
4
1
1
Thus, OP a b 4a b .
5
5
5
Method 1
Area of OMN

1
1
1
2a b a b
2
3
3

1
1 1
1
a b a ab
2
5 10
5
Area of the quadrilateral OAPN
1
1
7
ab ab
ab
3
10
30
Area of APM

Method 2

1
ab
2
1 2 4
4 4
b a b ab
Area of BPN
2 3 5
5 15
Area of the quadrilateral OAPN
1
4
7
ab ab
ab
2
15
30
Area of OAB

Method 3
Area of OAP

1
1
1
a 4a b
ab
2
5
10

Area of ONP
1 1
1

b 4a b
2 3
5
2
ab
15
Area of the quadrilateral OAPN
1
2
7

ab ab
ab
10
15
30

5 (i)

Method 1
( x k )2
f ( x)
, xk
xk
2( x k )( x k ) ( x k ) 2
f ( x)
, xk
( x k )2
( x k )(2 x 2k x k )

, xk
( x 3) 2
( x k )( x 3k )

, xk
( x k )2
For f to be increasing, f ( x) 0
( x k )( x 3k )
0
( x k )2
( x k )( x 3k ) 0
x k or x 3k
Method 2
( x k )2
f ( x)
, xk
xk
x 2 2kx k 2

xk
2
x kx 3kx 3k 2 4k 2

xk
4k 2
x 3k
xk
4k 2
f ( x) 1
2
x k
For f to be increasing, f ( x) 0
1

4k 2

x k

4k 2

x k
2
4k 2 x k
2

x k 2k or x k 2k
x k or x 3k

5 (ii)

6 (i)


y = cos x + 3.5
4
4
x = cos 1 (y 3.5)

1
4
f (x) = cos1 (x 3.5),

5
7 2
for x , x
2
2
1
Range of f is or [3, 4) or 3 < x < 4

6 (ii)

As range of f 1 is [3, 4) domain of g is (2, 4],


1
gf exists.

6 (iii)

g(3) = 1, g(4) = 1, g(3.5) = 0


Df 1 Rf 1 = [3, 4) Rgf 1 = [0, 1]
1
Range of gf is [0, 1]

7 (i)

7 (ii)

sin

5
10

Thus, arg z 6 3i

.
x

From the right angled triangle,


5 3
y 5sin
3
2
5
x 5cos
3 2
5
5 3

Thus the complex number z representing P is 4 3


i , i.e.,
2
2

3
5 3
3
i .
2
2

8 (a)
(i)

Total amount of prize fund needed


2
4
4
1000 1000 1000
5
5

19

4

5

1000

4 20
1000 1
5

4
1
5
4 20
5000 1 4942.35 nearest cents
5

8 (a)(ii)
8 (a) part
after
(ii)

Assume that no two athletes will arrive at the same time.


n
2 15 n 1185 100000
2
n 30 185n 185 200000

185n 2 155n 200000 0


By GC, 32.4 n 33.3 .
Maximum n is 33.
8 (b)

2n 1
,
5n 1
2n 1
2n
Tn Sn Sn 1 10 n 1 10 n 2
5
5

2n 2n 1
n 2 n 1
5
5

Given Sn 10

25 2n 5 2n.2

5n
5n
15 2n

, for n 2
5n
211
T1 S1 10 11
5
1
15 2
6
51
15 2n
Tn
, for all n Z
n
5

n
n 1
Tn 15 2 15 2

Tn 1
5n
5n 1

Since

15 2n
5n

5n 1
2n 2.5n 2

n
n
5
15 2n 1 5 5.2

Tn
gives a constant, the series is a geometric progression. Common ratio is 2/5.
Tn 1

9 (a)

AD 2 52 62 2 5 6 cos
61 60 cos cos sin sin
4
3

61 60 cos sin
5
5

61 36 cos 48sin
2
61 36 1 48
2

25 48 18 2
1

AD 25 48 18 2 2
1

18 2
48
5 1 2
25
25

1 1

2

1 48
18
2
2 48
5 1 2

25
2!
25
2 25

63 2
24
5 1

625
25
24
63 2
5

5
125
9 (b)

f x esin
f x
f x

nx

f 0 1

n
1 (nx)

esin

n3 x

1 (nx)

f x 1 nx

2 3/2

nx

f x

n2 2
x
2

Hence n = 2 and b

22
2.
2

n
1 n2 x2

f x f 0 n

n
1 n x
2

f x f 0 n 2

10 (i)

Let Pn be statement un =

3n
, for n
n2

LHS of P1 = u1 = 1 and
3(1)
RHS of P1 =
= 1 = LHS of P1
1 2
Hence, P1 is true.
3k
Assume that Pk is true, i.e. uk =
for some k Z .
k 2
3 k 1
Consider Pk+1 i.e. uk+1 =
.
k 1 2
6
LHS of Pk+1= uk 1 uk +
(k 2)(k 3)
3k
6
=
+
k 2
(k 2)(k 3)
3k (k 3)
6
=

(k 2)(k 3) (k 2)(k 3)
2
3k 2 9k 6 3 k 3k 2
=
=
(k 2)(k 3) (k 2)(k 3)

3 k 1 k 2

3 k 1

(k 2)(k 3)
(k 1) 2
Thus, Pk is true Pk+1 is true.

10 (ii)

10 (iii)

= (RHS)

Since P1 is true and Pk is true Pk+1 is true, by mathematical induction, Pn is true for
all n Z .
N
6
=
n 1 ( n 2)( n 3)
=
u2 u1
+ u3 u2
+
+ uN uN 1
+ uN + 1 uN
= uN+1 u1
3 N 1
1
=
N 3
2N
6
=
or 2
N 3
N 3

(n 2)(n 3)

n10

1
6
6

2 n 1 (n 2)(n 3) n 1 (n 2)(n 3)

9
9
1
3

= lim 1
=1
=

N
12 4
N 3 93

10 (iv)

Let j 3 = n + 2
j=n+5
N
6
( j 2)( j 3)
j 6
jN
6
=
j 6 ( j 2)( j 3)
n 5 N
6
=
n 5 6 ( n 5 2)( n 5 3)
N 5
2 N 10
6
=
=
N 2
n 1 ( n 2)( n 3)

11 (a)

Method 1
z e2 x y

y ze 2 x
dy dz 2 x
e 2 ze 2 x
dx dx
2
dy
2 y x 1 e x
dx
2
dz 2 x
e 2 ze 2 x 2 ze 2 x x 1 e x
dx
2
dz
x 1 e x 2 x
dx
Method 2
z e2 x y

dz
dy
dy

e2 x
2e2 x y e2 x 2 y
dx
dx
dx

2
dy
2 y x 1 e x
dx
2
dy

e 2 x 2 y x 1 e x 2 x
dx

2
dz
x 1 e x 2 x
dx
2
dz
x 1 e x 2 x
dx
2
dz 1
2 x 2 e x 2 x
dx 2
1
x2 2 x
z
dx
2x 2 e
2
1 2
e x 2 x c, where c is an arbitrary constant
2
2
1
ye 2 x e x 2 x c
2
1 x2
y e ce 2 x
2

11 (b)
(i)

d
k 20
dt
d
1 when 70 , 1 k 70 20 k 0.02
As
dt
d
0.02 20
dt
d
0.02 40 20 0.4
When 40 ,
dt
It is cooling at a rate of 0.4C per minute.
d
0.02 20
dt
1 d
0.02
20 dt
1 d dt 0.02 dt

20 dt
ln 20 0.02t c

20 e 0.02t c
20 e 0.02t c
Ae 0.02t , where A e c

20 Ae 0.02t
Given 95 when t 0 ,
95 20 A 1

A 75
20 75e0.02t
11(b) (ii)

It is a good model because the equation reflects the decrease of the temperature to a
steady state temperature, which is what would happen in real life.

12 (i)

12 (ii)

x2
x2
2
2
C1 :
y 1 y 1
4
4
2
2
x
x
C2 :
y2 1 y2
1
4
4
Volume generated
2
2
8 x

x2
2
1
8 1 dx 1 d x
0
2
4

3.4701 (to 4 dec places)

12 (iii)

x
x2
y2 1 y 1
4
4

Using the substitution x 2cos ,


When x 1,

dx
2sin .
d

; when x 2, 0 .

Area of region

0
x2
4cos 2
dx 1
2sin d
4
4
3

3 2sin 2 d 3 1 cos 2 d
0

3
sin 2
2

0
1 2
sin
3 2 3

3
4

0 sin 0
2