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ElectricalEngineering

Introduction
Electricalengineeringisafieldofengineeringthatgenerallydealswiththestudyandapplicationof
electricity, electronics and electromagnetism. Electrical engineering, an amalgamation of what is
nowcalledelectrical,electronicsandcommunication,instrumentation,computerengineeringetc.is
thelargestofallengineeringdisciplines.Fourwellrecognisedbranchesofelectricalengineeringare
power, communications, electronics and control systems. In a broader sense, this field covers a
range of subdisciplines including those that deal with power, optoelectronics, digital
electronics,analogue electronics, artificial intelligence, control systems, electronics, signal
processingandtelecommunications.Overlappingofthisfieldwithcomputerhasopenedupthedoor
toacareerinalmostanyindustry.
The field of Electrical engineering involves transmission and generation of electrical power,
electrical circuit design, electronics, instrumentation, control system, understanding electrical and
electronic networks etc. Electrical engineering is considered to deal with the problems associated
with largescale electrical systems such as power generation and transmission and motor control,
whereas electronic engineering deals with the study of smallscale electronic systems including
computersandintegratedcircuits.Itincludesthedesignandbuildingofelectroniccircuitsbasedon
the flow of charge through different materials. Alternatively, electrical engineers are usually
concerned with using electricity to transmit energy, while electronic engineers are concerned with
usingelectricitytotransmitinformation.
Electrical engineering is a branch of engineering that deals with the study of diverse utilization of
electricity and equipments that generate and distribute power. This is divided into heavy current
(electrical machinery generating stations and distribution systems) and light current
(telecommunications, radar, computers etc.). Conventional areas like generation, allocation,
distribution and transmission of electricity come under the purview of electrical engineering. The
broad field of electrical engineering involves working with all manners of electronic devices, from
pocket calculators tosupercomputers. In this area, the engineers' task involves generating,
distributing and using electrical power in the fields of communication, control system, electronic
computer,industrialelectronicsandinstrumentationetc.
NatureofWork

Electrical engineers design and develop electrical systems, research new and innovative designs
and system, supervise and plan manufacturing process of high end electrical systems. This role
provides a number of challenges ranging from problem identification and the selection of
appropriate technical solutions, materials, test equipment and procedures, to the manufacture and
productionofsafe,economical,highperformanceproductsandservices.
Electricalengineersworktocombinetechnologywithcreativity,takingideasandturningtheminto
reality.Infact,electricalengineersareinvolvedinthepracticalapplicationofelectricalenergy.
Electricity has become the basic need for survival. From household to industrial plants,
communication and satellite navigation system, electronic equipment, computers etc., all require
electricity.Henceelectricalengineeringwhichdealswithstudyandapplicationofelectricalsystems
is widely applicable in each and every aspect of our daily life. Virtually every industry utilizes
electricalengineers,soemploymentopportunitiesareextensive.
Education&Eligibility

Educational : A bachelor's degree in Engineering is the minimum requirement to become a


qualifiedelectricalengineer.Apostgraduatedegreeisrequiredforresearchorteachingpostsand
anadditionaldegreeinbusinessadministrationisdesirableformanagementpositions.
Engineeringcoursesareavailableattwolevels.Therearethe(B.Sc./BE)degreesandpostgraduate
(M.Sc./ME) degree courses offered by the engineering universities and colleges and the diploma
courses(DAE/B.Tech)availableatpolytechnics.
The basic eligibility criteria for a B.Sc./ B.E in Electrical Engineering is F.Sc. or equivalent
examination, with high percentage of marks in Science subjects (Physics, Chemistry and
Mathematics). While for post graduate programs, one should have done B.Sc./B.E/ in electrical
engineering. The program can either be studied alone or can be combined with electronic
engineering. One can even opt for super specialty orPh. D program in electrical engineering. For
the purpose, the person should have done M.Sc./M.E in electrical engineering or electrical and
electronicsengineering.
Selection:Selectiontothegraduatecourses(B.Sc./B.E)isbasedonmeriti.ethemarkssecured
inMetricandF.Sc.andthroughentrancetest.
Duration: B.Sc./B.E courses are of 4 year's duration. The diploma and B.Tech courses are of 23
year'sduration.PostGraduatecourseM.Sc./M.Eisof2yearsduration.
AbilitiesRequired:Anelectricalengineerneedtohaveasharp,analyticalandpracticalmindand

attention to details. They should be able to grasp and adapt to new and changing concepts. Good
communication skills are also important to communicate their ideas to others in their field. He
shouldbegoodatorganizingandsolvingproblems.Hemayneedtoworkunderpressureandhave
the ability to keep calm during crisis. Along with various other personal attributes one must also
havededicationandcommitmenttowardstheprofession.
A successful electrical engineer possesses not only an understanding of his area of concentration,
butalsoabroadgraspofengineeringingeneral.Anelectricalengineerisexpectedtohavedetailed
knowledge of electrical networks, electrical energy converters and equipments that uses
electromagneticfieldtheory,electricalenergydistributionsystemsetc.
JobProspects

Scope in electrical engineering lie in the areas of generating electricity, its distribution and
transmission. As everything from house to industry requires electricity to function, there are
tremendouscareerprospectsinthisfieldinPakistanaswellasinotherdevelopedcountriesacross
the world. Electrical engineering has a wide scope of applicability and it varies depending upon
differentneeds.
Different types of employers offer jobs to electrical engineers. Employers range from computer
technology corporations and chemical companies to power and telephone companies. Both small
andlargecompaniesintheprivatesectorandthegovernmentsectorofferplacementforelectrical
engineers. Electrical engineers can find employment in Electrical equipment and systems
manufacturing companies, Power generation and transmission, Telecommunication, Railways, IT
industry, Health care equipment manufacturing industry, public sector industries like petroleum,
steelandchemicalindustry,Researchanddesignetc.
CareerOptions

Electrical graduates are employed in Electricity companies and large industries as engineers and
managers, responsible for installation, maintenance, operation of power handling equipments and
systems. Industries manufacturing large electrical machines and equipments employ engineers in
design, production and testing. Electrical engineers also find employment in atomic power plants,
hydroelectric power plants as well as thermal power plants. Many electrical engineering graduates
optforcareersinthefood,pulpandpaper,chemical,aircraftandautomobileindustries.
Educational Institutions and Research establishments recruit electrical engineers as faculty and
scientists. One can also do research work in this field by joining research labs and institutes.
Teachingcareerisalsorewarding.Theycanjoinanengineeringcollege/universityasafulltimeor
parttimelecturer/professor.Theycanalsoenterintoselfemploymentbystartingownventures.
As an Electrical Engineer, entry for junior posts in the Government departments is by direct
recruitment through advertisements in newspapers. Selection to Gazetted posts is
throughcompetitiveexaminations(CSS).
YoungengineershavechancesintheDefenceServicesalso.ForselectionintotheDefenceServices
PakArmedForces(Army,AirForce,Navy),applicationsareinvitedthroughNationaldailies.