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Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to
information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities,
in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority,
and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest
to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of
education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the
timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.
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01 ' 5

The Right to Information, The Right to Live

Step Out From the Old to the New

Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan

Jawaharlal Nehru

IS 2520 (1984): Zinc Stearate for Cosmetic Industry [PCD


19: Cosmetics]

! $ ' +-
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda

Invent a New India Using Knowledge

! > 0 B

BharthariNtiatakam

Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen

IS : 2520

- 1984

(Reaffirmed2005)
1!395)
(Reaffirmed

Indian Standard
SPECIl?ICATION FOR
ZINC STEARATE FOR COSMETIC INDUSTRY

( Second Revision )
First Reprint FEBRUARY 1999

UDC

661.847.753

: 665.58

Q Copyright 1984
BUREAU
MANAK

cl-4

OF
BHAVAN,

INDIAN

STANDARDS

9 BAHADUR
SHAH
NEW DELHI
110002

ZAFAR

MARG

November 1984

IS I2520-1984

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
ZINC STEARATE FOR COSMETIC INDUSTRY

( Second Revision )
Cosmetics Sectional Committee, PCDC 19
RqWrsnling

Choirman
Directorate

DB S. S. GOTIWJSKAR

General

of Health Services, New Delhi

M&S
FoodBo~bsDyB

tt.W.ISTAWTDm~cxou

Administration,

Maharashtra

State,

DB P. D. PILANKAU ( Al&mate)

Lakm6 Ltd, Eombay


SAEI S. M. SHA~~BEAQ( Altamata )
Hindustan Ciba-Geigy
Sstm V. G. DESBPANDE
Da S. S. KAIMABKAR ( Alternate )
ConsS;reaze;ational
DR A, S. DIVATIA

SEBJ B. S. BULVE

Ltd, Bombay
&

Research

Centre,

KUMA~I RANI ADVANI ( Altsmatc )


Johnson & Johnson Ltd, Bombay
DB S. N. Ivnx
SBBI G. V. BnaNDAnI ( Allarnala )
Lady Irwin College, New Delhi
SEBNATI T. JACOB
Hindustan Lever Ltd, Bombay
DE G. L. MADAX
SHRI D. CHHIBBA ( Alfmmfc)
Nitional Test House, Calcutta
SERI P. MAZ~D~DAR
SHRJ P. K. C~AXRABOlrYY ( &eTaalG)
DN~S
Control
Administration,
Government
of
Swr R. C. ME~TA
Gujarat, Ahmadabad
Smtr J. P. GANATRA ( Alternate )
Millet Rochas Pvt Ltd, Madras
SBBI A. M~NHAZUDDIN
KUMARI NASRIN BEQAM ( Alternate )
Perfumes & Flavours Association of India, Bombay
Dn S. G. PATNEPAP.
SBRI SUDIIIR JAIN ( Alternate )
Swastik Household & Industrial
Products Pvt Ltd,
SHRI K. S. RAO
Bombay
SHRI C. R. KRISIINA~~OOBTIIY
( Altqnafc )
Indian
Soap
& Toiletries
Makers
Association,
SERI A. C. ROY
Bombay
Central Drugs Laboratory,
Calcutta
DR S. K. ROY
DR A. C. Dns GUPTA ( A&s~~~ata
)
( Conhued on &y

2 )

@ Ca@ri# 1984
BUREAU

OF INDIAN

STANDARDS

This publication is protected under the Its&a 0fl@


Act ( XIV of 1957 ) and
reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the
puhlishee shall be deemed to be an infringement
of copyright
tmder the said Act.

Manbm

Representmg

SERI P. ROY

Bengal chemical
Calcutta

DR A.;N. BAFIU ( Alternate )


SEE1 V. SITARAId
Srinr I.

SUNDABEEH

& Pharmaceutical

Works

Basic Chemicals
& Pharmaceuticals
&
Export Promotion Council, Bombay

Ltd,

Cosmetics

Alternate 1
Consumers

SEBIXATI UBHA SIJKTHA~~AR


SHRIYATI USEA KAWEBKAR

SHSI M. S. TRAXVB
SEUI N. G. IY~B ( Aftmutr
SEBI R. THANJAXU

Guidance

Society, Bombay

Alterwe )

Godrej Soaps Ltd, Bombay

Directorate
General
of Technical
Development,
New Delhi
SEBI S. N. AOABWAL ( Alternate )
SIERI M. S. SAIEIPA,
Director General, IS1 ( Ex-ofio Member )
Director(P&C)
SHRIYATI V~JAY MALIK
As&ant
Director ( P & C ), IS1

Raw Materials

and GRAS List Subcommittee,


Hindustan

DE G. L. MA~AX

PCDC

19 : 1

Lever Ltd, Bombay

Members
.SEBI D.

CEHIsBA

Afternute to

Dr G. L. Madan )
~OXS~~~IO~R
AauumAler

Food

8 Drug
Bombay

Administration,

Maharashtra

State,

( 2zzz2xTm.m
omc!m
CnaesI(Cn~~)
(A&,)
LakmC Ltd, Bombay
SHBI B. S. BABVE
SBBI S. M. SlIAl?BHAQ ( Alterwe >
~~~m~~~oi;ip
14trl, Bofl~y
S-1 V. G. I)~~~HPANDE
Acinmutra~on,
Government
of
.g .
SEEI J. P. GANATBA
ularat, Alunadabad
S-1
R
D. DIEODEAR( Al&m&c )
Johnson h Johnson Ltd. Bombay
DBS.N.IYW
S-TX
USEA
R. JOSHI ( Ati
)
Swastik Household
h Industrial Products Pvt Ltd,
SW1 K. S. RAO
Bombay
S-I C. R. KB~SFRJAU~OO~TI~P( Al&n& )
Sudershan Chemical Industries Ltd, P~FM
SE& K. L. RATEI
&IBI U. N. LlYAYB

( dUR&

DF&. K:RoY?
DBP. C. BOSE ( Afrmrok )
DE N. D. !%k
D~M.h.Dortn
AlkrncrcI)
SEIU NA~OEAI~DBA 6 . SHAH
8~~1
VLIIODOHABIDBA K.
MmnTA(&m-)
8sNA4.8.Tl?AxuB
8~uxN.G.hxa(~)

Central

Drug Laboratory,

Calcutta

Geoffrey Mannera (It Co Ltd, Bombay


Devarwns

Pvt Ltd, Ahmadabad

Godrej Soaps Ltd, Bombay

ISr2520.1984

Indian Standard
SPECIFICATION FOR
ZINC STEARATE FOR COSMETIC INDUSTRY

( Second Revision )
0.

FOREWORD

0.1This Indian Standard ( Second Revision )

was adopted
by the
Indian Standards Institution on 16 August 1984, after the draft finalized
by the Cosmetics Sectional Committee had been approved by the
Petroleum, Coal and Related Products Division Council.

0.2 This standard was first published in 1963 and subsequently revised
in 1977. In the first revision of this standard, two sets of requirements,
namely, the essential and the optional requirements had been prescribed.
Subsequently this was found non-implementable for certification and
therefore the Sectional Committee after due consideration decided to
stipulate only a single set of requirement.
0.3 Zinc stearate is used in face powders, after-shave powders; baby
powders, foot powders etc, to which it is said to impart improved properties of smoothness and adhesion.
It has mild antisepticand astringent properties. It is also used as a local smoothing application in
inflammatory and irritating skin diseases and as a water-in-oil emulsifier
in hair-grooming preparations.
0.4 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this
standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated,
expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1960*. The number of significant places retained in
the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified valuein
this standard.

1.SCOPE
1.1This standard prescribes the requirements and

the methods
sampling and test for zinc stearate for cosmetic industry.
*Rules for rounding

off numerical

values

( rcuiscd ).

of

IS : 2520 - 1984
2. REQUIREMENTS
2.1 Description
- The material shall be in the form of a fine white
bulky powder, free f.om rancid odour.
It shall be insoluble in alcohol,
water and ether.
2.2 The material shall also comply with the requirements given in
Table 1, when tested according
to the methods prescribed
in
Appendix A. Reference to the relevant clauses of Appendix A is given
in co1 4 of the table.
TABLE

REQUIREMBNTS
COSMETIC

FOR ZINC STEARATE


INDUSTRY
REQUUUZXIWT

SL
No.

FOR
METHODOBTEST
( REP TO CL No.
IN APF-J~NDIXA )

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

i)

Zinc ( as ZnO ), percent by mass

130 to 15-5

A-2

ii)

T$;

54

A-3

of

separatedfatty acids ( C ),

iii) Arseuic ( as As,O, ), ppm, Max

A-4

10

A-5

As agreed to between
the purchaser and
the supplier

A-8

4-O

A-7

Shall not
differ
from zinc content
by more than 05

A-8

Iodine value of separated fatty


MUX

3.0

A-9

Frgafatty

1-O

A-10

xi)

PH, Ma.v

9'0

A-11

iv)
v)
vi)
vii)

Heavy metals ( as Pb ), ppm, Max


Sieve analysis

Bulk density

1
Moisture, percent by mass, Max

Total nsb, percent by mass

ix)

3. PACKING

matter,

percent by mass,

AND MARRING

3.1 Packing - The size and material of construction of the containers


shall be subject to agreement between the purchaser and the supplier.
3.2 Marking - The containers shall be securely closed and marked
with the name and mass of the material in the container; manufacturers
name and trade-mark, if any; batch number in code or otherwise; and
the year of manufacture.
4

IS : 2529 - 1984
3.2.1 The product may also be marked with Standard

mark.

3.3 The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of the
Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 and the Rules and Regulations
made
thereunder.
The details of conditions under which the licence for the use of
Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained
from the Bureau of Indian Standards.

4. SAMPLING
41

Preparation

the material

of Test

4.2 Number

- Representative
as prescribed in Appendix

Samples

shall be prepared

test samples
B.

of

of Tests

4.2.1 Tests for the determination


of zinc shall be conducted
on each
of the individual
samples constituting
the set of test sample ( see B-3.1.3 ).
4.2.2 Tests for the remaining
characteristics,
namely, sieve analysis,
bulk density, moisture, total ash titre of separated
fatty acids, iodine
value of separated
fatty acids, arsenic, heavy metals, free fatty matter,
and PH shall be conducted
on composite sample.

4.3 Criteria

for Conformity

and the range for .the test


4.3.1 For Individual Samples - The mean
results for the determination
of zinc shall be calculated
as follows:
Mean ( X)
Rang
4.3.1.1

= the sum of the test results


test results, and

divided

by the

between
the
maximum
( R ) = the difference
minimum
value of the test results.
The lot shall be declared

to have

satisfied

number
and

of
the

the requirements

for zinc if:


a) X-

0.6 R is equal to or greater

b) 2 + 0 6 R is equal to or less than

than

13.0, and

15.5.

43.2 For Composite Sample - The test results on the composite sample
shall meet the corresponding
requirements
specified in 2 and in Table 1.
5

II3 I 2520

- 1984

APPENDIX

( Claw? 2.2 )
AbfALYSIS OF ZINC STBARATE FOR
cosMETx
INDUSTRY

A-1. QUALITY OF REAGENTS


A-l.1 Unless specified otherwise, pure chemicals and distilled water
( se6 IS : 1070-19778
) shall be employed in the tests.
NOTEPure chemicals shall mean
which affect the results of analysis.

A-2. DETERMINATION
A-2.1

chemicals

that

do not

contain

impurities

OF ZINC

Reagents

A-21.1
A-2.1.2
percent.
A-2.1.3
A-21.4
of water.

Concentrated Hydrochltiric Acid Ammtiium

See IS : 265-1962t.

Hydrogett Phosphate Solution -

Ethyl Alcohol -

10

percent

and

50 percent ( v/v ).

Methyl Red Indkator -

Dissolve

0.15 g of methyl

red in 500 ml

A-2.2 Procedure
- Weigh accurately
about 1 g of the material
into a
DO not heat
latinum dish and ignite to light grey ash at 600 to 650C.
Panger than necessary.
Cool and take up the ash in about 10 ml of
water.
Add methyl
red indicator
and neutralize
with concentrated
Bring to boil on a hot
h drochloric acid and make up to about 200 ml.
p rate and add 60 ml of ammonium
hydrogen phosphate solution ( 10 percent ) and continue to heat at just below boiling for 30 minutes.
Remove
from the hot plate and allow to cool to room temperature.
Filter
through a tared Gooch crucible. Wash with freshly prepared ammonium
hydrogen phosphate solution ( 1 percent ) and finally with 50 ml of ethyl
Place the crucible in a porcelain
crucible
alcohol.
Discard the filtrate.
Increase the temperature
and
of suitable size and dry over a low flame.
ignite at full heat to constant mass.
*Specification
f?Specification

for water for general laboratory use ( second revision


forhydrochloric
acid ( rroisti ).

).

A-2.3

Calculation

Zinc ( as Z,O

), percent

by mass = q

where
m 1M I

mass in g of the residue,

and

mass in g of the material

A-3. DETERMINATION
ACIDS

OF

taken

TlTItE

for the test.

OF SEPARATab

FATTY

A-3.1 Reagents
A-3.1.1

Dilute Sulphuric Acid -

1 : 3.

Ad.2 Procedure
- Heat 50 g of the material
with 400 ml of water
and 50 ml of dilute eulphuric acids until the fatty acidr have separated
a6 a layer.
Wabh the fatty acids with boiling
water until free of
sulphate.
Warm
the fatty acid6 on a steam-bath
until the water is
separated and the acid6 arc clear.
Allow the acid6 to cool, melt and
filter into a dry hot beaker and dry for 20 minutes
at 100C.
Thsre
the titre a6 directed
fatty acids are also ured for test in A*9. Determine
in 16 of IS : 266-1966*.
A-4. TEST

FOR

ARSENIC

A-4.1 Preparation
of Solutioa - Place 1000 g of the material
.in a
COOI
platinum
dish and incinerate
for about 2 hours at 525 to 550C.
and treat with a mixture
of 5 ml of concentrated
sulphuric acid and
5 ml of concentrated
nitric acid.
Take to fumes on a hot plate, cool
and make up the volume to exactly 100 ml.
A-4.2 Take 10 ml of the solution of the material
a6 obtained
in A-4.1
and carry out the test for arsenic as prescribed
in IS : 2088-1971t.
Corn are the stain obtained with that produced by 0000 2 mg of arsenic
triox Pde ( As606 ).
A-5. TEST
A-5.1

HEAVY

METALS

Apparatus

A&I.1
A-5.2

FOR

Nesster Cylindrrs -

50 ml capacity.

Reagents

A-3.2.1

Concentrated Hydrochloric Acid -

Sor IS : 265.1962#.

*Methods of sampling and test for soaps ( i;rJt r#OiJbn ).


tMethods of the determination of arsenic ( Ji*sl w&ion ).
Jspecification for hydrochloric acid ( ftiJed ).
7

IS: 2520 - 1984


A-5.2.2

Dilute Hydrochloric Acid -

A-5.2.3

Ammonium Chloride

A-5.2.4

Acetic Acid -

1 : 1.

1 N.

A-5.2.5 Standard Lead Solution - Dissolve I.60 g of Iead nitrate in


water, add 1 ml of concentrated nitric acid ( See IS : 261-1968* ) and
make up the volume to 1 000 ml. Pipette out 10 ml of solution and
dilute again to 1 000 ml with water. One millilitre of this solution
contains 001 mg of lead ( as Pb ).
A-5.2.6 Hydrogen
solution.

&&hide

Solution -

Freshly

prepared,

saturated

- Heat 0.500 g of the material in a silica crucible in


A-S.3 Procedure
a muffle furnace at 475 to 500C. Cool and treat the residue with 3
drops of concentrated hydrochloric acid. Evaporate to dryness over a
low flame and heat again in the furnace for 20 to 30 minutes. A clean
white ash should result, otherwise, the treatment may be repeated.
Dissolve the white ash in 1 ml of dilute hydrochloric
acid and wash
with several portions of water into an evaporating dish. Evaporate to
dryness on steam bath and dissolve the residue in about 30 ml of water.
Transfer the solution to a Nessler cylinder and add 1 g of ammonium
chloride and I ml of acetic acid. Carry out a control test in another
Nessler cylinder using 0.5 ml of standard lead solution in place of the
material. Add 1 g of ammonium chloride and 1 ml of acetic acid
to each Nessler cylinder add 10 ml of hydrogen sulphide solution,
dilute to the mark and shake well. Compare the intensity of colour
produced in the two cylinders.
A-5.3.1 The limit prescribed in Table 1 shall be taken as not having
been exceeded if the intensity of the colour obtained with the material
is not greater than that obtained in the control test.
A-6. DETERMINATION
DENSlTY
A-6.1

OF

SIEVE

ANALYSIS

AND

BULK

Sieve Analysis

A-6.1.1 Procedure - Place about 10 g of the material,


accurately
weighed, in the agreed sieve and wash by means of a slow stream of
running tap water ( see Note 1 ) and finally with fine stream from a wash
bottle until all the material that is capable of passing through the sie.ve
has passed ( see Note 8 ). Let the water drain from the sieve and then
dry the sieve contaming the residue on a steam-bath.
If there is any
*Specification

for nitric acid

(JFrsr reuision).

IS : 2520 - 1984
residue, carefully transfer it on to a tared watch-glass and dry to constant
mass at 105 f 2C.
NOTE I-Tap
water is usually sufficiently free from suspended particles to be utilized
directly as i&_comesfrom the faucet.
If the water is turbid, it is necessary to place a
large bottle of&&d
water above the working sink and to siphon the water through
a clean rubher tube to the level of the sieve. It is a good plan to insert a small rubber
stopper carrying a short glass tube about 5 cm in length and W6 cm in internal diameter in the faucet outlet.
A thin flexible piece of clean rubber tubing ( new tubing
should first be thoroughly washed ) about 60 cm in length is then attached to the glass
tube. The faucet is turned [on slowly until a thin stream of water is coming
through the rubber tube. By processing the end of the rubber tube between the fingers,
the steam of water can be varied in intensity and directed to any section of the sieve.
Experience has shown that the best practice is to alternately tip the sieve from one
side to another, washing the sample from the higher level of the sieve to the lower
and then reversing the sieve and repeating the operation.
NOTE 2 - In order to obtain comparable results, it is essential to continue washing
the residue on the sieve until one is satisfied that all the material fine enough to pas
through the sieve has been removed.
At least one-half hour of washing is essential in
most cases. It is a good plan to catch the last washes in a beaker.
By viewing the
contents of the beaker against a dark coloured background, it is possible to accurately
gauge the progress of the washing operations.

A-6.1.2 Calculation
Material retained on the specified sieve,
percent by mass

~ 1OOm
M

where
m = mass in g of the residue retained on the specified sieve,
and
M =- mass in g of the material taken for the test.
A-6.2 Bulk Density
A-6.2.1 Apparatus
A-6.2.1.1
Assemble the apparatus as shown in Fig. 1. The base of
measuring cylinder A shall be ground flat and the emply measuring
cylinder A together with the rubber bung shall weigh 250 f 5 g. It
shall be accurately calibrated to 250 ml with an error, if any, of less
than one millilitre. The distance between zero and 250 ml graduation
on the measuring cylinder A shall be not less than 220 mm and not more
than 250 mm. The distance between the flat-ground part of the base
of measuring clyinder A and the rubber base pad B, when the measuring
cylinder A is raised to full height shall be 25 f 2 mm.
A-6.2.1.2 Rubber base pad - The rubber base pad B shall have a
shore hardness of 42 to 50.
A-6.2.1.3 Balance - Pans of the balance shall be at least 10 cm in
diameter and the balance shall be sensitive to less than 0.1 g.
through
A-6.2.2 Procedure - Sieve about 40 g of the material
250 micron IS Sieve on to a tared glazed paper and weigh it accurately.
9

15:2520-1984
Slip the powder gently and smoothly into the measuring cylinder which
should be held at 45 to the vertical, without knocking or squeezing.
Assemble the apparatus as shown in Fig. 1. With the thumb and four
fingers of one hand, gently grasp the upper part of cylinder and within
one second, lift it about 25 mm ( takihg care not to jerk the cylinder by
knocking it against the upper stop ) and let it drop. Note the volume
after dropping it once. Continue lifting and dropping 50 complete
drops have been given to the cylinder.
During this operation, give a
gentle turn of about 10 in the clockwise direction to the cylinder afier
every two drops. As soon as 50 drops are completed, raise the cylinder
to eye level and read the volume of the material.

AI1dimensions in milHmetres.
APPARATUS
FOR DETERMINATIONOF BULK DENSITY
FIQ. 1
A-6.2.3, Calculation
Bulk density, g/ml:
a) After one tap -

1
b) After 50 taps -

-F

.n

where
m = mass in g of the material taken for the test,
Va = volume in ml of the material after one tap, and
Vg = volume in ml of the material after 50 taps.
10

IS : 2529 - 1984
A-7. DETERMINATION

OF MOISTURE

A-7.1 Procedure - Weigh accurately about 3 g of the material and


dry in an oven at 105 f 2C for 3 hours and weigh to constant mass.
A-7.2 Calculation
Moisture, percent by mass

100 MI
-

M2

where

Ml = loss in mass in g on drying, and


MS = mass in g of the material taken for the test.
A-8. DETERMINATION

OF TOTAL

ASH

-A-9.1 Procedure - Weigh accurately about 15 g of the material in a


platinum dish and gently heat until the organic matter is burnt away.
Increase the temperature
to about 550C until all carbon residue is
Allow to cool and weigh. Repeat the operation of heating,
burnt away.
cooling and weighing until constant mass is obtained.
A-0.2 Calculation
Total ash, percent by mass _

lOO&
M2

where

Ml = mass in g of the ash, and


M2 = mass in g of the material
A-9. DETERMINATION
FATTY ACIDS

OF IODINE

taken for the test.


VALUE

OF SEPARATED

A-9.1 Procedure - Weigh accurately about 3.0 g of the fatty acids as


obtained in A-3.2 and determine iodine value by Wijs method as directed
in 18 of IS : 286.1966*.
A-10. DETERMINATION

OF FREE FATlY

MATTER

A-10.1 Reagent
A-10.1.1 EthTl Ether -

set IS : 336-1973t.

A-10.2 Prpcedurc - Weigh accurately about 5 g of the material and


Shake for about half an hour
mix it with 100 ml of ether in a beaker.
*Methods of sampling and tat for soap0 (fir: r&ion ).
tspecification for ether ( aond rmisien ).
11

IS : 2528 - 1984

.
and filter. Take the filtrate in a tared porcelain dish and evaporate
slowly on a steam-bath.
Cool and weigh the residue.

A-10.3

Calcolation

Free fatty matter, percent by mass =

100 Ml
Ma

where
Ml = mass in g of the residue, and
Ma - mass in g of the material taken for the test.
A-11. $3 DETERMINATION
A-11.1 Apparatus

pH Meter

A-11.2 Procedure - Weigh about 2 g of the material and wet it


with 5 ml of neutralized
ethyl alcohol and 45 ml of water.
Filter
the susDension through G 3 sintered glass funnel and determine the
pH of the filtrate at 27C.

APPENDIX
( Clause 4.1 )
PREPARATION
B-I. GENERAL

OF TEST SAMPLES OF ZINC


FOR COSMETIC
INDUSTRY
REQ-MENTS

STEARATE

OF SAMPLING

B-1.0 In drawing, preparing, storing and handling test samples, the


following precautions and directions as directed in IS : 8883 ( Part 1 )1978* shall be observed.
B-2. SCALE

OF SAMPLING

B-2.1 Lot - All the containers in a single consignment of the material


drawn from a single batch of manufacture shall constitute a lot.
If a
consignment is declared or known to consist of different batches of
manufacture, the containers belonging to the same batch shall be grouped together and each such group shall constitute a separate lot.
B-2.1.1 Samples shall be tested from each lot for ascertaining
conformity of the material to the requirements of this specification.
*Methods

of sampling

mentsand precautions.

chemicals

and

chemical

12

products:

Part 1 General

require-

IS:2520-1984
B-2.2 The number
depend

TABLE

of containers ( n ) to be chosen from the lot shall


on the size of the lot ( .N) and shall be as given in Table 2.
2

NUMBEB

OF CONTAINERS

NO. OB COXTMNRRS TO

LOTSIZE

up

51
151
301
501

FOR SAMPLING

TO BE SELECTED

(1)

(2)

BE

SELECTED

3
4
5
7
IO

50
to 150
to 300
to 500
and above
to

B-2.3 The containers


to be selected for sampling shall be chosen at
random
from the lot and for this purpose random
number
tables
( see IS : 49051968;
) shall be used.
In case such tables are not available, the following procedure may be adopted:
Starting from any container, count them 1, 2, 3 ,...... . . . . r and so
on in a systematic
manner,
where r is the integral part of N/n.
Every rth container thus counted shall be withdrawn from the lot.
B-3.

TEST

SAMPLES

B-3.1 Preparation

AND REFEREE

SAMPLE

of Test Samples

B-3.1.1 Draw with an appropriate


sampling
instrument
a small
portion of the material from different parts of each container
selected
( see Table
2 ). The total quantity
of the material drawn from each
container shall be sufficient to conduct the tests for all the characteristics
given under 2 and shall not exceed 1 kg.
B-3.1.2 Thoroughly
mix all portions of the material drawn from the
same container.
Out of these portions, equal quantity
shall be taken
from each selected container
and shall be well mixed up together so as
This composite
to form a composite simple weighing not less than 1 kg.
sample shall be divided into three equal parts, one for the purchaser,
another for the supplier and the third for the referee.
B-3.1.3. The remaining
portion of the material from each container
( after the quantity needed for the formation
of composite
sample has
been taken ) be divided into three equal parts, each part weighing not
less than 100 g. These parts shall be immediately
transferred
to
thoroughly
dried bottles which are then sealed air-tight with stoppers
and labelled
with all the particulars
of sampling given under B-1.0.

*Methodsfor random sampling.


13

lSt2520-19s4
The material in each such sealed bottle shall constitute an individual
test sample.
These individual samples shall be separated into three
identical sets of samples in such a way that each set has an individual
test sample representing each container selected.
One of these three
sets shall be sent to the purchaser, another to the supplier and the third
shall be used as referee sample.
B-3.2 Referee
Sample - The
referee sample shall
consist
of
the composite sample ( see B-3.1.2 ) and a set of individual samples
( SIC B-S.13) marked for this purpose and shall bear the seals of the
purchaser and the supplier.
These shall be kept at a place agreed to
between the purchaser and the supplier and shall be used in case of dispute
between the two.

14

BUREAU

OF INDIAN

STANDARDS

Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. NEW DELHI 110002


Telephones: 323 0131, 323 3375, 323 9402
Fax : 91 113234062, 91 113239399, 91 113239382
Telegrams : Manaksanstha
(Common to all Offices)
Cenfra! Laboratory:

Telephone

Plot No. 2019, Site IV, Sahibabad

Industrial

Area, SAHIBABAD

201010

8-77 00 32

RegIonal OtYRws:
Cer~tral
Eastern

: Manak Bhavan, 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, NEW DELHI 110002


: 1114 CIT Scheme VII M, V.I.P. Road, Maniktola. CALCUTTA700054

Northern

: SC0 331336,

Sector 34-A, CHANDIGARH

160022

60 38 43

: C.I.T. Campus, IV Cross Road, CHENNAI 600113


tWestern : Manakalaya, ES Behind Mar01 Telephone Exchange, Andheri (East),
Southern

MUMBAI

323 76 17
337 86 62
235 23 15
832 92 95

400093

Bmnch Offkes:
Pushpak,

Nurmohamed

Shaikh Marg, Khanpur. AHMEDABAD

+Peenya Industrial Area, 1st Stage, Bangalore-Tumkur


BANGALORE 560058
Gangotri Complex,
Plot No. 62-63,

5th Floor, Bhadbhada

Kataikathir Buildings. 670 Avinashi Road, COIMBATORE


Savifri Complex,

Road, FARIDABAD

116 G. T Road, GHAZIABAD

5-8-58C,

L. N. Gupta Marg, Nampally

E-52, Chitaranjan

Marg, C-Scheme,

117/418 B. Sarvodaya

55 40 21
40 36 27

641037

21 01 41

121001

8-28 66 01
8-71

GUWAHATI 781063

Station Road, HYDERABAD

JAIPUR

Nagar. KANPUR

751001

201001

53/5 Ward No. 29. R. G. Barua Road, 5th By-lane,

5501348
839 49 55

Road, T T. Nagar. BHOPAL 462003

Unit VI. Ganga Nagar. BHUBANESHWAR

Plot No. 43, Sector 16 A, Mathura

380001

Road,

500001

302601

19 96

54 11 37
20 10 83
37 29 25

208005

21 68 76

Se&B@wrn~,2nd
FJoor, Behind Leela Cinema, Naval Kishore Road,
LUCKNOW 226601

23 89 23

Patliputra Industrial

26 23 05

Estate, PATNA 806013

T. C. No. 14/1421, University


THIRUVANANTHAPURAM

P. 0. Pafayam,
695034

6 21 17

NIT Building, Second Floor, Gokulpat Market, NAGPUR


Institution of Engineers

440010

( India ) Building, 1332 Shiiaji Nagar, PUNE 411005

Sates Offtce is at, 5 Chowringhee


CALCUTTA 706672
TSales Office is at Novelty

Approach,

Chambers,

52 51 71
32 36 35

P 0. Princep Street,
27 10 85

Grant Road, MUMBAI

*Sales Office is at F Block. Unity Building, Narashimaraja


BANGALORE 560002

400007

Square,

309 65 28
222 39 71

PrInted at New India Prfnting Press, Khurfa. India

AMENDMENT

NO. 1 DECEMBER
1995
TO
IS 2520 : 1984 SPECIFICATION FOR ZINC
STEARATE FOR COSMETIC INDUSTRY
( Second Revision )
[ Page 4, Table 1, SINo. (i), coZ3 ] -Substitute

12.5 to 14.5 for

( Page 6, clause A-2, Determination of Zinc ) for the existing:

Substitute

13.Oto 15.5.

the following

A-2.1 Reagents
A-2.1.1 Sulplluric Acid -

0.1 N.

A-2.1.2 Strong Ammonia - Ammonium Chloride solution - Dissolve 67.5 g


of Ammonium Chloride in 740 ml of Ammonia solution (25% w/w) and add
sufficient water to produce 1000 ml.
A-2.1.3 Erichome Black T Solution - Dissolve 0.20 g of Erichrome Black T
and 2 g of Hydroxylamine hydrochloride in sufficient methyl alcohol to produce
50 ml. This solution must be freshly prepared.
A-2.1.4 Standard Disodium Ethylenediamine Tetra Acetate Solution -

0.05 M.

A-2.2 Procedure - Weight accurately about 1 g of material and boil with 50


ml of O.lN Sulphuric acid until the fatty acid layer which separates is clear,
adding mote water as necessary to maintain the original volume; cool and filter.
Wash thoroughly with water until the last washing is not acid to litmus paper.
Add to the combined filtrate and washings, 15 ml of strong Ammonia Ammonium Chloride solution and 0.2 ml of Erichrome Black T Solution. Heat
the solution to about 40C and titrate with 0.05M Disodium Ethylenediamine
tetra acetate until the solution is deep blue in colour.
A-2.3 Calculation
Zinc as ZnO, percent by mass =

8.138xVx

where

V = volume in ml of Disodium Ethylenediamine tetra acetate solution,


M = molarity of Disodium Ethylenediamine tetra acetate solution, and
m = weight of the material in g.
(PCD19)
Rinted

atNew India Rintins

Press. Khurja. India