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Circular MOTION PROBLems

1.

A Wheel rolls in a horizontal path. If the diameter of wheel is 1 m and rotates 20 times in time
interval 2 seconds, determine:
a. the period and frequency of the wheel.
b. length of path travelled by the wheel.
c. angular displacement in units of radian, rotation, and degree.
d. angular speed of wheel
e. linear speed of point at the edge of wheel
2. A grindstone has radius of 15 cm and rotates at 80 rpm, determine:
a. frequency and period
b. angular velocity in unit of rad/s
c. linear velocity of particle at the point of 5 cm from the edge
3. The period of the Moon orbiting around Earth is 27.3 days. If the Moon is 384 000 km away from the
Earth, calculate its tangential speed.
4. Calculate the angular speed(in rad/s unit) of an engine which rotates 3600 times per
minute.
5. On a table clock the hour hand is 3 cm, the minute hand is 4 cm and the second hand is 5
cm. Calculate the periods and frequencies of all hands?
6. An iron wheel of radius 30 cm is rotating about an axis at a speed of 50 rad/s. Find;
a. the frequency and the period of the wheel,
b. the tangential speed at a point 10 cm away from the axis of rotation,
c. the tangential speed at the rim of the wheel.
7. The rotor of a helicopter rotates 1200 times per minute. Calculate;
a. the frequency and the period of the rotor.
b. If the rotor arm is 2.5 m long, find the tangential speed of a point at the far end of the arm.
8. The circumference of a bicycle tire is 1 m. If the tire completes 2 revolutions every second,
what is the speed of the cyclist?
9. A car is travelling at a speed of 108 km/h.
a. What is the tangential speed of the outmost point of its wheel?
b. What is the angular speed of the wheel if its diameter is 60 cm?
10. The drum of a washing machine completes 1200 cycles in 1 minute.
a. W hat i s t he per i od and frequency of the drum?
b. What is the angular speed of the drum?
c. If the diameter of the drum is 40 cm, what is the tangential speed of a point in
the inner surface of the drum? (Take =3)
11. At the moment when the angular speed of a CD having a diameter of 12 cm is 314
rad / s;
a. what is its frequency and period?
b. Find the tangential speeds of points at distances of 3 cm and 6 cm from the centre. (taken
= 3.14)
12. From rest, a particle moves in a circular motion with angular acceleration of 15 rad/s 2 , If
the distance of particle to center of circle is 10 cm, calculate the total acceleration of
particle after moving for 0.4 second!
13. The circular motion of a grindstone has the total acceleration of 168.02 cm/s 2 , if the
tangential acceleration of the point at its edge is 2.42 cm/s 2, find the centripetal
acceleration!
14. A bicycle as shown in the figure has a 20 cm long pedal arm, a front gear wheel of radius 10
cm, a back gear wheel of radius 4 cm and tires of radius 40 cm. While the bicycle is travelling
at a speed of 18 km/h, calculate;
a. the tangential speed of the wheel,
b. the angular speed of the back gear wheel,
c. the angular speed of the front gear wheel,
d. the tangential speed of the pedal.
e. The distance travelled of bicycle after moving for 5 minute!

15. Three pulleys having radii of 6 cm, 9 cm and 12 cm are fixed to the axle of an e!ectric motor. If
the motor rotates 1800 times per minute, what are the tangential speeds of belts A, B and C
which are driven by pulleys?

16.

Pulley A which is fixed to a motor is driving pulley B by the aid of a belt in the system shown
in the figure. As the motor revolves, the rope is wound around cylinder C which is fixed to
pulley B and hence the load is lifted up. If rA = 5 cm, 03= 30 cm, rc = 20 cm and the motor lifts
the load to a height of 10 meters at a constant speed in 5 s, calculate the number of revolutions
of the motor per second.
17.

motor
A 50 cm diameter wheel drives 10 m diameter Ferris wheel. The diameter of the pulley which
is fixed to the axle of the wheel is 40 cm. This pulley is attached a motor by a belt. The
diameter the pulley on the motor is 4 cm. If the Ferris wheel revolves 6 times per minute,
find the tangential speed of the Ferris wheel's cars and the number of revolutions of the
motor per minute.
18.

II

In the diagram above, gear I has 30 teeth, gear II has 40 teeth and gear III has 20 teeth. If the
angular speed of gear I is 8 rad/s, find the angular speed of gears II and III.
19. The diameter of the big wheel which drives the escalator in the figure is 40 cm. The
diameter of the pulley that is driven by a belt from the motor is 30 cm and the diameter of
the pulley that is fixed to the motor is 10 cm. If the motor revolves 300 times in a minute, how
many seconds would it take for passengers to reach the top?

20.
A 50 cm diameter wheel at rest, starts accelerating uniformly and reaches a rotational speed
of 20 revolutions in 5 s. Find the magnitude of the linear acceleration of the outmost point of
the wheel between the time interval 0-5 s.
21. The centripetal acceleration of a screw which is fixed 30 cm away from the centre of a
rotating propeller is 2700 times greater as the gravitational acceleration. Find;
a. the angular speed,
b. the period and the frequency of the propeller.
22. The diameter of a pulley around which a steel cable carrying a lift runs is 50 cm. If the lift travels
upwards a distance of 3 m in 1 s, find;
a. the angular speed,
b. the period and the frequency of the pulley.
c. What is the angle of rotation that the pulley has travelled when the lift reaches a height
of 18 m?
23. An electric drill rotates at 168 rpm, if the rotation has the constant angular acceleration
of 1.5 rad/s 2 , determine :

a. the initial angular velocity in rad/s


b. the angular velocity at t = 4 s
c. the angular distance at t= 2 s
24. An electric fan is switched off when it rotates with angular velocity of 20 rad/s. If the fan
stops after 1 minute, find the total angular displacement.
25. A machine requires 8 seconds to change the angular velocity from 400 rpm to 2000 rpm.
Determine :
a. the angular acceleration in rad/s 2
b. the sum of rotation in 8 seconds
26. Sebuah mesin memerlukan waktu 5 sekon untuk berubah dari 600 rpm menjadi 1.200 rpm.
a. Berapa percepatan sudutnya?
b. Berapa banyak putaran yang dibuatnya dalam waktu ini?
27. Sebuah roda yang mula-mula dalam keadaan diam mencapai kecepatan sudut 36 rad/s dalam 6,0 s.
a. Berapa percepatan sudut yang dimilikinya?
b. Berapa sudut total yang telah ditempuhnya dalam waktu itu?
28. Sebuah cakram dengan jari-jari 90 cm yang mula-mula berputar pada 3,0 putaran/sekon
diperlambat dan berhenti setelah 6 putaran.
a. Berapa lama waktu yang diperlukan untuk berhenti
b. Berapa percepatan sudutnya?
c. Berapa kelajuan tangensial awal sebuah titik pada tepi cakram?
d. Berapa percepatan radial awal sebuah titik pada tepi cakram?
e. Berapa besar resultan percepatan awal sebuah titik pada tepi cakram?
29. Sebuah meja putar yang mula-mula berotasi 6,0 rad/s melakukan 3 putaran lengkap sebelum
berhenti.
a. Berapa percepatan sudutnya?
b. Berapa lama waktu yang diperlukannya untuk berhenti?
30. Sebuah motor listrik yang memutar sebuah roda penggiling bengkel pada laju 100 rpm
dipadamkan. Anggap besar perlambatan tetap 2,00 rad/s2.
a. Berapa lama diperlukan oleh roda penggiling untuk berhenti?
b. Berapa radian yang telah ditempuh roda selama selang waktu yang didapatkan dan (a)?
31. Tabung sebuah mesin cuci berfungsi secara putar-kering (spin-dry), mulai dari keadaan diam dan
mencapai laju sudut 5,0 putaran/s dalam waktu 8,0 s. Pada laju ini seseorang kemudian membuka
tutup saklar pengaman dan memadamkan mesin cuci tersebut. Tabung diperlambat sampai diam dalam
waktu 12,0 s. Berapa banyak putaran yang dilakukan ember selama selang waktu 20 s ini? Anggap
percepatan sudut konstan selama proses menjalankan dan menghentikan mesin cuci.
32. Sebuah mobil memiliki roda dengan jari-jari 27 cm. Laju putaran berkurang dari 1.250 rpm
menjadi 500 rpm dalam waktu 25 s. Berapa jauh lagi mobil itu bergerak sebelum berhenti?
Anggap percepatan adalah konstan.
33. Sebuah mesin uap mulai bergerak dari keadaan diam dan roda-roda gilanya mempertahankan
suatu laju maksimum 8 tr rad/s. Pada laju ini, beban adalah setara dengan suplai daya listrik. Uap
tiba-tiba dihentikan sehingga mesin menjadi berhenti. Waktu untuk perlambatan adalah
dua kali waktu untuk percepatan. Jumlah total putaran yang dibuat mesin adalah 1.500. Jika
waktu total mesin uap mulai bergerak sampai berhenti adalah 16 menit, tentukan selang
waktu percepatan.
34. Sebuah stopwatch memiliki sebuah penunjuk skala yang panjangnya Jarum ini berputar dan
membuat satu lengkap dalam 10 sekon.
a. Berapakah besar perpindahan vektor ujung jarum di antara titik yang 6 sekon dan 10 sekon

pada skala (Ambil titik asal koordinat kartesiat titik pusat jarum jam, dengan s sebagai sumbu
tegak melalui titik bertanda 0 pada skala).
b. Berapa besar kecepatan dan besar cepatan ujung jarum ketika ujung melalui titik yang
bertanda 4 sekon skala?
35. Sebuah bola bermassa 200 g yang diikat di ujung tali diayun dalam suatu lingkaran horizontal yang
radiusnya 50 cm. Bola itu melakukan 150 putaran tiap menit. Hitunglah:
a. waktu untuk satu putaran,
b. percepatan sentripetal,
c. gaya sentripetal