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HELPFUL HINTS AutoSPRINK VR5

Prepared by Terry Chapin


Instructor

Set up and getting started:


1.) Acquire new drawing: FILE, IMPORT desired dwg drawing. (IMPORT, desired dwg drawing from window, single select, make PARENT
layer name DWG, BLDG, ARCH, or some unique name, OPEN. Imported drawing will now be on this unique layer. Remember to make
sure that the BENCHMARK is at Absolute 0 (SELECT BENCHMARK, type in A0, ENTER, this will assure that you are starting properly
and if acquiring a drawing will establish the 0,0,0 coordinates that the drawing was imported at, for future imports, such as ceilings, steel, lighting
ect. Purge drawing in Parts Tree, Layers, select the Blue E with Red X, this will delete 0 element Layers. Window, Clean House.
2.) FILE, SAVE AS give drawing a name. FILE, LOAD SETTINGS & PIPE STYLES to be used for this project.
3.) SETTINGS, DRAWING Select approx. scale you will be plotting at (this only effects plotting and can be changed at any point), Fill in
CONTRACTOR, CUSTOMER & JOB information.
4.) SETTINGS, FABRICATION set up fabrication standards to be used for job (remember to set up PIPE LENGTHS to Fractional Value you
wish to use).
5.) SETTINGS, FORMAT set up Fractional Value the same as FRABRICATION, PIPE LENGTHS fractional value, also VOLUME (GAS)
to GALLONS.
6.) SETTINGS, HYDRAULIC CALCULATIONS review information, particularly, maximum velocity to be used.
7.) SETTINGS, DEFAULT PROPERTIES change any default items that you want to take effect in this drawing, such as PIPE OUTLETS and
other items you may want to change such as LAYERS.
8.) FILE, SAVE SETTINGS AS save this into same job folder that you have saved drawing, this will allow you quick access to the settings for this
drawing and also will help you at a later date, so you do not have to guess at the settings you used.
9.) FILE, SAVE you are now ready to start your sprinkler design.
10.) Prepare yourself mentally: Information about the building and components in the building. Remember instead of drawing lines you will
be drawing the actual elements.
11.) Layout your sprinkler system with WIZARDS or by single placement. Remember you can use parts of WIZARDS, you need not use the
whole thing; just select the portion that fits your application.
12.) After placement of all sprinkler components and elements: SELECT, EVERY, ALL SPRINKLER SYSTEM COMPONETS, CLEAN UP
INTERSECTIONS (Blow Torch Icon).
13.) View your drawing in an Isometric View, to make sure that every thing looks okay, particularly elevations.
14.) Add water supply info: TOOLS, SUPPLY select SUPPLY, double click for properties and type in information from water flow test.
You may also X-REF the underground drawing into your building drawing.
15.) Add hydraulic remote area(s): Remote Area Icon computer generated, Remote Area Boundary Icon boundary that you make, Remote
Area Box Icon computer generated. Remote Area and Remote Area Box are made from the default properties found under the Settings
File. Adjust these settings to match your remote area specifications and spacing.
16.) OPTIMIZE SYSTEM make adjustments to piping sizes, pipe schedule and heads (k-factor) ect., APPLY CHANGES TO DRAWING,
Recheck SYSTEM OPTIMIZER.
17.) SELECT ALL CLEAN UP INTERSECTIONS.
18.) Add Fittings Select all sprinkler components that you want fittings added to, AUTO DRAW, FITTINGS. MOVE BENCHMARK at end
you wish to install couplings from, Select Pipe, AUTO DRAW, COUPLINGS.
19.) Add Hangers: AUTO DRAW, HANGERS or manual place hangers Hanger Icon.
20.) Checking Sprinkler Components: VIEWS, SHOW LEAKS first on disconnected then on incompatible adjust and repair as necessary.
21.) Adding Test and Dimensions: a.) TEXT b.) TEXT BOX c.) Dimensioning Tools d.) FINISH, LABELS e.) Leaders
22.) Youre ready to for LISTING follow instructions in window. This has many different options and you will need to find the one that best
suits your companys needs.
23.) Adjust Text, Labels, Hydraulic Node Tags and other elements for better readability. Remember to use proper handle points to move
around to desired locations.
24.) Print out final calculations (User defined for information) FILE, PRINTING, HYDRAULIC REPORTS, select reports desired, normal
for submittal the following: HYDRAULIC SUMMARY, SUMMARY OF OUTFLOWING DEVICES, NODE ANALYSIS, HYDRAULIC
ANALYSIS, CHECK POINT GAUGE (if desired good for base of riser), HYDRAULIC DATA PLATE (if desired good for base of
riser), HYDRAULIC GRAPH(S), FLOW DIAGRAM (current view) must be windowed into this area prior to start of printing. FLOW
DIAGRAMS both TOP and ISOMETRIC are intended to be done on plotter. HYDRAULIC OVERVIEW is intended for in house use
in folder, but can also make a nice cover sheet along with the HYDRAULIC SUMMARY.
25.) Add Views with Text: Adjust screen to view desired, EDIT, Copy Bitmap, return to plan view, MOVE BENCHMARK to location desired,
EDIT, PASTE BITMAP, scale as desired, add text (remember to elevate above bitmap view elevation). You may also paste bitmap onto
Word Document or any other sheet for Emailing & Faxing.
26.) You are now ready to add any other details and information to your drawing that you wish to plot.
27.) For plotting, please follow information provided in your Workbook and also our on-line info. Plotting is a function of the Plotter you have and
not AutoSPRINK, so each plotter may set up different, you will need to tweak your individual machine.
28.) If you need help, please try using our Icon with the ARROW & ?, and also our help menu, if all else fails and before you reach a point of
frustration, please call our Technical Support and or your AutoSPRINK Instructor.
FOR MORE HELPFUL INFORMATION, ATTEND OUR INTERMEDIATE AND ADVANCE CLASSES

This is indication of the first web, not perfect, put change and you
will see that it does adjust and if you put in 0 it will disappear.

Creating a plot sheet:


1. FILE, NEW PLOT SHEET
2. FILE, PAGE SET UP put in the information Page Size , such as D size =
width 36, height 24 Margins, this is the dotted line that shows your plan print
area (like a view box). Areas outside this area will print from the Plot Sheet (cap
ext.). Select the Render tab set Surface Tessellation around 60, you may
adjust this higher or lower depending on the size of you plot and type of plotter.

3. The drawing surface you now have is the same as in AutoSPRINK cad files; the
only difference is that you are drawing in inches. You may now create your Title
Box, or import a previous one from an AutoCAD file. Remember to adjust your
margins to fit your plan in the drawing.
4. When you import a dwg file into AutoSPRINKs Plot Sheets, remember that the
benchmark needs to be in the lower left corner. Often times the import drawing
may be in paper space and you will need to select this option for elements to
appear on the drawing surface. Once imported you may need to make some
adjustments, such as line widths, text fonts and general clean up of your plot
drawing (Title Box). After complete, delete the empty layers go to WINDOW,
and CLEAN HOUSE, this will purge your drawing and make the file as small as
possible. Save your file, recommend building a file for plot sheets and to be
used as a template for your drawings.

5. Applying Plot Sheet to your drawing: Open Drawing FILE, OPEN Drawing

6. Go to FILE, PLOTTING, PAGE SET UP, PAGE STYLES tab, PROPERTIES tab,
POSITION and SCALE - fill in the information that you wish for this
drawing

7. Go to SHEET tab select Plot Sheet from folder that you wish to use.

8. Go to Visible Layers tab and then click on Capture Drawing Settings this will
give you an additional opportunity to shut off any layers you may want to print.

9. Select the Render tab and set the Surface Tessellation at around 60, you may
have to adjust this depending on the size of the drawing file and your Plotter.

10. Return to Page Setup for Printing Render Method to Print and select Open GL
normal you can set the dpi around 240 (news print is at 150) so anything that you can
get greater than that will do a good job again this will depend on your plotter (refer to
the plotter manufactures instruction manual.

11. Go to FILE, PLOTTING and either Preview (preview time is the time that the plotter
spools your drawing) or Print.

End Topic

Follow these steps:

1.) Window from sprinkler Icon


2.) Pick Sidewall
3.) Change Head Length to 9 for View
4.) Select Symbol (about 20 Diff.)
5.) Results

A typical example of adding a new pipe to the database:


From the Parts Database menu, select Add New / Edit Parts Book Pipe Type, and
select the: Create a new pipe type from scratch option.

Add a New Pipe Type Description and select the desired Unit Scheme. The Display
in Part Entry Dialog upon creation option is selected by default and should be
deselected.
Click on the Create New Pipe Type button.
Select the desired sizes
All sizes should be included, as sizes cannot be
added at a later date without creating a new
pipe type. (Internal Diameters are not editable
once a pipe is created.)

Click OK

Select all End Types available to this Pipe Type. Adjust the data cell information for
Inside Diameter, C Values and Sticks / Bundle. Use decimal values for US sizes.
The value will be reflected in the current Format set for Diameters when the data is
actually saved to the database. (Clicking on another data cell saves the data. Be sure
to do this for the last entry before continuing.)
Click on the Display Part Entry Dialog
button.
In Step 1: Select the Create a New Part
from Scratch option, select Pipe as the
Category and find and select the new pipe
type (at the bottom) of the Sub-Category
list. The Sub-Type should remain
Standard. A Short Description can be
added, but usually isnt used with pipe.
The Is length Quantity option needs to
remain selected for pipe.
In Step 2: Select, or type in, a
Manufactured By name (do not use
Generic). Select a Color for the pipe and
set a New Stick Length
Step 3: Sizes are already included.
In Step 4: Click on the Create Part button.

Any data color-coded in Green can be edited. Verify the Finish information and
change whatever data needs to be edited. All data, on all tabs, for all sizes should be
complete and correct before continuing.
Click on Done to close all dialog boxes when finished.

Note: When adding a pipe, default equivalent lengths for fittings must be added/verified.
This is done by clicking on
button, from Settings \Hydraulic Calculations \Fittings tab, and scrolling to the newly
created pipe type. These values would either be as shown on the Manufacturers data
sheets for the appropriate fittings use not the new pipe or the Industry Standard as
recommended in NFPA 13.
Make sure that the equivalent length table option "Apply adjustments for Schedule 40
diameter and HWC 120 differences." is selected for the new pipe type. This option would
not apply for plastic or copper pipes where the equivalent length values are entered into
this table, using the Manufacturer's equivalent length data sheets, for which these
adjustments are already included in the values.

To create new user parts, or editable


Generic
parts, in the database (fittings, valves,
couplings, etc.): simply place something similar to what you want to create in a drawing,
select it and then select 'Clone Selection in Database' from the 'Parts Database' menu.
(Note: New pipe sizes, or pipes with editable IDs, are done differently.)
When the dialog opens, start at Step 2 (Step 1 is already done because you're cloning
the part): Change the 'Manufactured By' name to something other than "Generic", either
by selecting a name or typing something in (if the manufacturer doesn't matter just use
something like "Other"). You can change the 'New Description' or leave it as is. Change
the 'Color', if desired.
Under Step 3, determine which sizes to retain. If none of the sizes apply, remove all but
one size (you must have at least one size to create the part). Then click on the 'Create
Part' button.
A new dialog will open showing your new part (you can now close the 1st dialog box).
This 'Parts Book Editor' dialog is color-coded: You can change anything in Green.
On the 'Item Data' tab, usually nothing is changed and the 'User..' and 'Short
Description' are often left blank. You can set a 'Finish' for your part and, if it is an Elbow,
you can check whether or not it is hydraulically considered a Long-Turn Elbow.
On the 'Item Size Data' tab, you can add whatever sizes you desire. If the size used to
create the part is not applicable, delete it - after- you have used the data as guidelines
for new sizes. Part Number, ...Cost, etc. are all optional. If you want to include a default
hydraulic 'Equivalent Length' you can do so here*.
* Make sure that the appropriate 'Hydraulic Loss' option is checked within the 'Properties'
of the part when you use it in a drawing. If you don't enter a default value in the database
and an equivalent length applies, other than a standard NFPA table value, the value
must be set either by editing the program's equivalent length tables - for pipe sizes
larger than 12" ('Settings \Hydraulic Calculations \Fittings' tab click on 'Edit Default
Equivalent Lengths' button) or set an 'Equivalent Length' value within the 'Properties' of
the part when it is used.
On the 'Item Outlet Data' tab, there is a separate data line for each connection point of
a fitting or device. Run1 is the primary/inlet side and would be the larger of the run sizes
of a reducing tee or cross; or the larger of the sizes of a reducing elbow or coupling.
Outlet1 is larger of the outlet sizes of a reducing cross.
The 'End Type' can be changed for each connection, if necessary.

Page 1 of 2

For each connection point:

'Takeout' must be set and is the distance from center-of-fitting/device to end of


pipe;

'Distance to Outlet' is center-to-face of fitting/device. On flanged and grooved


fittings, this is the same value as the 'Takeout'. On a threaded fittings it, of
course, is always a greater value (distance).
The Takeout and Distance to Outlet dimensions for valves are divided by 2, so
they can be split between Run1 and Run2, which places the insertion point
(connection point) at the center of the device.

'Angle' for Run1 must always remain at 0 (zero),


Run2 of a tee or cross is normally 180,
for an elbow this is normally 90 (for a 45 elbow this is 135, which is 180
minus 45),
Outlet1 of a tee is normally 270,
Outlet2 of a cross is normally 90;

'Angle of Inclination' is almost always 0 (zero) and should only be set if the
original part being cloned had a value other than 0;

'X', 'Y' and 'Z' Vectors are used for pumps. If you clone a pump, you can get an
idea of how to use these values.

The other tabs will either not be available for editing or they probably wouldn't apply. If,
however, the part being cloned shows data, follow the example in adding data for new
sizes.
As you enter data and then click in another cell or press [Enter], or go on to the next
entry, the data is immediately saved in the database so make sure to do one of these
prior to closing the editor.
You don't have to close the dialog before you use the part. You may want to "test" your
new part before you close the editor.

M.E.P.CAD, Inc.
4445 West Russell Road, Suite E
Las Vegas, Nevada 89118
Office phone: (888) 239-1345
International phone: 1.702.380.3200
Fax: (702) 380-1275
Website: www.mepcad.com

Page 2 of 2

Uncheck Boxes, after


completion of
renumbering node tags
and finish of final
Calcs., before printing
out Plans and Calcs.

Uncheck Box after


completing Node
changes.

First select Text and bring up Properties.

Check - Keep text flat to view box

Once picture is taken re-select and uncheck box (this uses a lot of memory if left on for a lot of text).

LABELS for Pipe


Most of our forms have been reworked to alternately fit an A4 page size. The Label reports do work on an
A4 paper size, but it totally depends on the printer drivers and the allowable printable area for a specific
printer as to whether they display as 1 column of labels or 2; and, due to the information formatting
(slightly over 2") there will only be 5 labels per column.
The standard Letter size: 8" x 11" (10 labels per page) format is used to simply review the labels, if
someone chooses to do so. For that purpose (reviewing the labels): this sheet size can be set for most
printers within the Stock Listing 'Print Options'. This of course presumes that the labels would not actually
be printer to an A4 page size. Another alternative would be to set up a PDF printer, using this same
Letter format, and then print the PDF file to "Fit Page" for an A4 page size. This printout would not fit any
particular label sheet, but this could also be used for review - again: if someone chooses to do so.
There have been a few customers that though they wanted to actually print labels to Letter size label
sheets. They all soon realized that it was very impractical to do so. Some of the considerations are: 1.)
special ordering label stock with a proper adhesive is quite expensive, 2.) sheet labels are harder (more time
consuming = more costly) to remove from their backing and 3.) individual sheet of labels can easily get out
of order with no easy way of putting them right.
Our recommendation therefore is that it is by far less expensive in the long run to buy a label printer and
use a good quality standard rolled label stock. Learning from other people's experience is a great way to
save money!

Opening Parts Bin

Lateral adjustment
from centerline

Vertical
adjustment from
centerline

Rotate Benchmark on the angle then you can pick a point

Hold Shift to activate the Ortho Snap and move Mouse to new Object

This will place Dim. as shown above

First go to Settings Fabrication

Preferred Fitting Type

Select Type You wish to use from that point or Project.

The following is offered as showing how to use features available in AutoSPRINK and should not be
construed as design guidance or used in lieu of code &/or local recommendations or requirements:
When determining pressure reducing hose or floor control valve requirements, you will need to know:

a.) Demand flow gpm, (to pick the appropriate valve curve for the size needed)
b.) Expected maximum residual inlet psi (at the Demand flow gpm)
c.) Desired residual outlet psi range (Static psi and Residual psi at the Demand flow gpm)
d.) Expected maximum static inlet psi
e.) Valve elevation.

Using these values, and the Manufacturer's data charts, the valve that best suits the purpose can
be determined. Code &/or local regulations will dictate the maximum psi allowable (c).

Verify that the calculator is set for a standard demand driven calculation (
Satisfy minimum

) on the

'Settings \Hydraulic Calculations \Calculator' tab:


The general standpipe calculation is done with only the hose element(s) at the top of the standpipe(s) set
to a 'Fixed Flow' of 500gpm @ 65.0psi
100.0psi (as required by code &/or local requirements) for the
most remote standpipe and a 'Fixed Flow' of 250gpm @ 0.0psi for each additional standpipes. To obtain
the standpipe results: 'Calculate with manually flowing devices'.
To determine the expected maximum static inlet psi for each valve: Place a gauge at each hose outlet
on the standpipe and additional gauges attached to each floor control valve. The 'Check Point Gauge
Data' report will then show the
Inlet Static Pressure' (and
Elevation
) at each gauge.

Page 1 of 7

For each Hose Valve:


Select all of the Hose Valves and set them to:

Select them all again and set them to "Not Flowing". Select the one (1) Hose Valve that you want to
calculate and reset it to a "Fixed Flow". Click on the 'System Optimizer' button
manually flowing devices and note the "Pressure Overage" psi.

, calculate with

In this example: calculating for the Hose Valve adjacent to "Hose 2-26" gauge, the overage is

102.013psi.
Add this to the "Minimum Pressure" set for the valve (100psi), which equals 202.013psi and use this
value on the form for the "Inlet Residual (psi)" and show: "at Flow of GPM" = 250(gpm).

Normally: The "Outlet desired": "Static (psi)" and "Residual (psi)" would be a pressure range with the

Static (psi) being a maximum of 100 (psi). The factory determines the
Actual
information.
Repeat for each Hose Valve.

Page 2 of 7

Floor Control Valves:


On the Standpipe drawing, set all of the Floor Control PRVs to:

Double-check that all Hose Valves are set to "Not Flowing".

In each Floor System drawing:


X-Ref the Standpipe drawing, connecting to the appropriate floor connection.
Add one Hose (Rack) to the appropriate hose standpipe outlet for the floor, snapping it to the x-ref (turn
on 'Snap into Symbol). The Hose should default to:

100gpm is normal for a hose allowance on a Light Hazard occupancy. Adjust the 'Flow' (gpm) if needed
but leave the 'Minimum Pressure" at 0.0psi.
Select the desired remote area and review the results using 'Hydraulics \Analysis Reports':

Page 3 of 7

On the 'Node Analysis' tab, verify that the hose is included:

Page 4 of 7

On the 'Remote Area Data' tab:

Scroll down the list of gauges (within the 'Supply Information' section) and select the proper System
gauge for the floor that is being calculated. Note the system requirements on the graph. Add this
required psi to the 'Pressure Overage' psi.
In this example: System 27 shows a system requirement (demand) of 270.78gpm @ 72.167psi. The
overage shown is 113.251psi. Thus the maximum residual (Inlet) pressure is 185.418psi at a flow of
270.78gpm.
Show these values on the form for System 27:

Normally: The "Outlet desired


Static (psi)" and "
Residual (psi)" would be a pressure range with the

Static (psi) being the maximum desired system pressure. The factory determines the
Actual
information.
Repeat for each Floor Control PRV, where necessary.
If the
Inlet
Static (psi)
is equal to, or less than, the maximum desired system pressure, there is
generally be no need for a PRV.

Page 5 of 7

Determining the appropriate pressure reducing valves:

Make sure that the residual outlet pressure available from each Hose PRV, at its required flow, is
less than the desired (or maximum) allowable pressure, but still above the minimum allowable
pressure (40 - 65psi, for example).
Make sure that the residual outlet pressure available from each Floor Control PRV, at its required
flow, exceeds the desired (or minimum calculated) required pressure and is less than the
maximum allowable pressure (160psi, for example).
It is normally recommended &/or required that a small relief valve (175psi, for example) be installed on
the discharge side of the floor control PRV to avoid excessive static pressure buildup.
The same approximate results can be obtained for the residual inlet pressure of the hose valves by
calculating the highest hose on a standpipe and then subtracting the friction loss and elevation for the
hose valve at each lower floor. Individual hose valves generally need to reflect the hydraulic conditions
(friction loss) flowing 250gpm.
For preliminary purposes, floor system requirements can be simulated in the Standpipe drawing by
inserting a
Floating Node
(found under
Hydraulics
on the menu) at each intended point of connection
for the floor systems. Set the floating node to a 'Pressure Dependent Flow', using the required flow and
pressure that is anticipated for the floor system.

Page 6 of 7

In either of these latter


shortcut
methods, remember to change the default (and normal) setting for the
Calculation Method from "Satisfy minimum demand..." to "Pressure at supply..." using a 0.0psi margin
(on the 'Settings \Hydraulic Calculations \Calculator' tab); and, remember to change it back to the default
when you are done.
If multiple Floating Nodes are used, instead of moving a single FN from point to point, set them all to
No
demand on current system
with the exception of the one that you are calculating. These must be
calculated one at a time. Delete all FNs when you are done.

Notes: Floating Nodes can be used to create a demand at any point of future connection within the
Standpipe drawing. To have the program place nodes tags at all necessary points on the standpipe
(highly recommended), place a gauge at all desired points (such as valves), place a floating node at
each connection point for a floor/future floor (using the default flow options, gpm and psi), open all hose
valves (set to
Fixed Flow
with any gpm and psi) and then click on
Update Node Tags
.
If desired, additional nodes can be added (using
Hydraulics \Node Tags \Single
). All node numbers can
be changed manually, if desired, but
Update Node Tags
must then be used to correct any possible
duplication of numbers on the drawing. (The calculator will not use duplicate numbers so the drawing
must be updated to match the calculations. This is normally accomplished automatically when the
hydraulic calculations are previewed &/or printed.)
Once all necessary and desired node tags are in place, the floating nodes should all be deleted and the
hose valves closed (set to
Not Flowing
). The standpipe drawing can then be used as an X-Ref to
supply the Floor system drawings.

M.E.P.CAD, Inc.
4445 West Russell Road, Suite E
Las Vegas, Nevada 89118
Office phone: (888) 239-1345
International phone: 1.702.380.3200
Fax: (702) 380-1275
Website: www.mepcad.com

Page 7 of 7

Star Dimensions

Convert AutoSPRINK to AutoCAD

1. Select every Pipe Properties Display Settings Show the Body Cylinder
Uncheck radial button

Deselect
2.) Then select each size of pipe and change the WIDTH to the same as the pipe dia.
Example: 1 = line width of 1, 1 pipe = line width of 1.5, ect.
3.) Plotting from AutoCAD is color dependant so elements should be changed to
'Color by layer' just before exporting.

4544 W. Russell Road, Suite E


Las Vegas, Nevada 89118
Phone: (888) 239-1345 Intl: 1.702.380.3200 Fax: (702) 380-1275

4.) If any symbols are created in AutoSPRINK, element colors should be taken
into consideration before the symbols are created.
5.) Picture and View tool bitmaps should all be made using a white background in
AutoSPRINK and consideration must be given to how colors in these bitmaps will
look when printed in grayscale (which of course has much less definition than
color).
6.) File, Export, AutoCad dwg, give name in folder you wish to save, SAVE,
Export Options window will appear, fill info, you wish to use, default works in
most cases, wait while transfer is made, OKAY.
7.) This should complete your transfer.

4544 W. Russell Road, Suite E


Las Vegas, Nevada 89118
Phone: (888) 239-1345 Intl: 1.702.380.3200 Fax: (702) 380-1275

Using a View Box to Create a Picture.

View Box is Dynamic with the Drawing.


View Box can be Adjusted to Desired View.
View Box is to a Scale as Designated by User.

SHEET1

VIEW
ICON

CREATE VIEW RECTANGLE


APPROX. SIZE YOU WISH

SHEET2

PLACE BENCHMARK ON
CENTER OF OBJECT TO VIEW

SHEET3

SELECT PROPERTIES OF VIEW


AND FILL IN INFO.

SHEET4

SELECT VIEW AND CHAGE


VIEW SUCH AS ISOMETRIC

SHEET5

MAKE SURE THAT PICTURE


OR VIEW IS BELOW TEXT

ADD TEXT LEGEND


INFO
ADD TEXT OR NUMBERS (FROM) HYDRAULIC NODE TAGS - SINGLE