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MY BIOLOGY

S.B.A

Lab #1
Topic: Classification
Aim: To classify organisms into groups
Apparatus:
Method: A list of 10 organisms in my school environment was made and
observed. A table was constructed to show the organism and their visible
characteristics. Another table was constructed to show the kingdom,
phylum and class to which the organisms belong.

Observation

Organism

Visible Characteristics

Bird

They are vertebrates with a pair of

Cat

wings. They also have a beak


They are vertebrates that have
sharp claws, a smooth coat of hair

Earth Worm

(fur) and panted teeth


Has a long, ring-like segmental
body, lives in the soil, has a

Lizard
Crab

clitellum
Has a scaly skin, 2 pairs of legs
Has a hard exo-skeleton, has claws,
four pairs of jointed legs, seen in
wet places

Plants
Pine

Has stems, roots and leaves,


produces seed that

Fern

grow inside cones


Has roots, stems and leaves, has

spores on the underside of the


Hibiscus

leaves, does not have flower


Produces flowers, has root, stems

Leaf of Life

and leaves
Does not produce flower, has roots,

Mahogany

stems and leaves


Has roots, Stems and leaves

1
2
3
4
5

Organism
Bird
Cat
Earthworm
Lizard
Crab

Kingdom
Animalia
Animalia
Animalia
Animalia
Animalia

Phylum
Chordata
Chordata
Chordata
Chordata
Chordata

Class
Ares
Mammalia
Reptilia
Crustacea

Plants
1 Pine
2 Fern
3 Hibiscus

Plantae
Plantae
Plantae

4 Leaf of Life

Plantae

5 Mahogany

Plantae

Conferophyta
Filrunophyta
Angiospermophy
ta
Angiospermophy
ta
Angiospermophy
ta

Monocotyledon
Monocotyledon
Dicotyledon
Dicotyledon
Dicotyledon

Discussion: An organism is any living thing. There are various organisms


in our environment thus they are grouped by their similarities.
Classification is the grouping of organisms according to how they are
related to each other. Living things are grouped into species. Specie is a
group of organisms with similar characteristics which can bread with each
other, but not with organisms of different species. Species are grouped
into genera. Each genus contains several species with similar
characteristics. Genera are then grouped into a family, families into order,
orders into classes, classes into phyla and phyla into kingdoms.

Conclusion: It can be concluded that organisms can be classified into


groups.

Lab #2
Topic: Interdependence amo. organisms

Aim: To investigate interdependence amo. organisms


Apparatus: Note book, Ruler, Pen, Paper
Method: A table was constructed to show ten (10) organisms seen around
a school compound and their food source. From the information in the
table, two food chains and one food web was constructed. On the food
web the trophic levels and the name of each levels at which the organisms
feed was given.

Observation:

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11

Organism
Grasshopper
Preying Mantis
Caterpillar
Butterfly
Lizard
Hawk
Goat
Fish
Male Cricket
Grass
Hibiscus

Food Source
Grass
Grass Hopper
Leaf
Nectar from Hibiscus
Grass Hopper, Preying Mantis
Lizard
Grass
Algae
Hibiscus
Make their own food
Make their own food

Food chains representing the above information


(1)Grass > Grasshopper > Preying Mantis > Lizard > Hawk
(2)Hibiscus > Mole Cricket > Insect

Food Web
Trophic
Level

Hawk
5
Lizard
4

Preying Mantis
3

Grasshopper
Butterfly

Goat

Mole Cricket

Grass
1

Hibiscus

1 Primary Producers
2 Primary Consumers
3 Secondary Consumers
4 Tertiary Consumers

Types of relationship that may exist among organism.

1. Predator / Prey
2. Exchange of gas (Co2 & O2) among plants and animals.
3. Mutualism

Discussion: Green plants are called producers because they are the only
one that trap sunlight used to make energy. This energy is the only source
of energy for living organisms. Animals that feed on plants are called
herbivores animals that feed on other animals are called carnivores and

animals that feed on both plant and animals are called omnivores. A food
chain shows the flow of energy from plants to animals and from animals to
other animals. A food web shows the feeding relationship between all the
organisms in the ecosystem. A trophic level of an organism is the position
it occupies on the food chain. It indicates the number of organisms
between the feeder and the sun. A trophic level doesnt normally go
beyond five (5) trophic levels because the energy is continually being used
up from one organism to the next therefore there would be no energy left
to be pass on. The most energy was concentrated in the producer or the
1st trophic level because this is where the energy has been first converted
from the sun into energy as food. The least energy was concentrated at
the 5th trophic level because as the energy is being passed on it is being
used up by other organisms therefore the energy level decreases.

Conclusion: it can be concluded that there are relationships that exist


among living organisms in the ecosystem and these relationships link
them to help with their survival.

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