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Sample Viva Questions of ME Lab-2

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Two stage air compressor


What is 2 stage compression?
What is Volumetric efficiency?
What is Isothermal efficiency?
What is Overall efficiency?
What is intercooler?
What happens to the pressure of air before and after the intercooler
How does kg/cm2 become the unit of Pressure?
How is the amount of air entering into the compressor estimated?
Why do we need the digital tachometer?
Name the actual process that is happening in the compressor?
Why is the isothermal efficiency calculated?
Write down the relation for Polytropic work input demanded by compressor.
What is orifice meter and why is it used?
Why do we use water in manometer if we want to measure air head? Suggest
better alternative to water.
Why does cooler air come out of the compressor tank if compression increases
temperature?
Write down the relation for Isothermal work input demanded by compressor.
Which temperature is used in this relation?
How do you measure the density of air for this experiment?
What is the value of R for air?
What is coefficient of discharge? Where do we use it?
Should the volumetric efficiency decrease or increase with tank pressure? Why?
What is polytropic index? How does it influence the compression process?
How does the energy input to compressor actually measured?
What is energy meter constant?
What are the methods that you suggest for increasing the efficiency of
compressor?
Performance of Vertical Diesel engine
What is meant by load test of vertical diesel engine?
List and relate various Power terms used in relation to engine performance.
What are the methods that we have for determining the Friction power of the
engine?
What does FC indicate? How does it vary with load on engine?
Define IP. How can we estimate it?
What is BTH?
What is ITH?
What is IMEP, what does it signify?
What is BMEP, what does it signify?
What happens to FP if engine speed increases or decreases?
Write down the relation for IMEP & BMEP.
How is BP estimated in this experiment? Write its expression.
What is SFC ? How is it related to speed of the engine?
What does negative intercept on x axis of FC Vs BP plot denote?

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What is Willan's line? How should it be constructed?


Define Mechanical efficiency of an engine?
What does Indicative thermal efficiency depict about the engine?
What is your finding about the performance of the vertical diesel engine?
What performance plots were prepared to understand the vertical diesel engine?
Why?
What is the significance of each performance plot prepared in the experiment of
vertical diesel engine?
What were the performance parameters of the engine?
List the specifications of the vertical diesel engine?
What are the methods that you suggest for increasing the efficiency of vertical
cylinder engine?
What is the use of having decompression lever?
Heat Balance Sheet
What is a heat balance sheet?
List the performance parameters which define the functioning of engine?
What is the nature of load applied on the engine while preparing heat balance
sheet?
What are the different types of applying loads on engine?
Why do we require exhaust calorimeter?
How can we find the Cp of exhaust gases?
Does water flow rate influence the heat transfer? How?
Should water be circulated around the cylinder with less flow rate or more flow
rate? Why?
What is the role of engine's fuel consumption in preparing heat balance sheet?
What is phase lag? What does it denote?
What are the different component that consume heat generated from the
engine?
How do we measure the heat lost from the engine due to radiation?
Write a relation for estimating BP of an engine for preparing heat balance sheet?
List the specifications of the engine on which the heat balance sheet is prepared?
What are the additional components (mountings) required for preparing heat
balance sheet?
What does the term heat equivalent mean? Where do we use it?
What are the methods that you suggest for increasing the performance of
engine?
What is the use of having decompression lever?
Performance of Horizontal Diesel engine
What is load test of a horizontal diesel engine?
List and relate the power developed at various locations of the engine.
In what all ways, the Friction power of the engine determined?
What is FC? What happens to it when load on engine varies?
What is IP, by what means can we estimate it?
What is hBTH?
What is hITH?
What is IMEP, what does it signify?
What is BMEP, what does it signify?

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What happens to FP if engine speed increases or decreases?


Write down the relation for IMEP & BMEP.
How is BP estimated in this experiment? Write its expression.
What is SFC ? How is it related to speed of the engine?
What does negative intercept on x axis of FC Vs BP plot denote?
What is Willan's line? How should it be constructed?
Define Mechanical efficiency of an engine?
What does Indicative thermal efficiency depict about the engine?
What is your finding about the performance of the horizontal diesel engine?
What performance plots were prepared to understand the horizontal diesel
engine? Why?
What is the significance of each performance plot prepared in the experiment of
horizontal diesel engine?
What are the parameters that indicate the performance of an engine?
List the specifications of the horizontal diesel engine?
What are the methods that you suggest for increasing the efficiency of horizontal
cylinder engine?
What is the use of having decompression lever?
Kinematic analysis of Slider crank mechanism
What is a slider crank mechanism?
Write down the expression used for calculating the Velocity of slider.
What is graphical differentiation?
What is pole point and why is it used?
How can we determine velocity by knowing the position?
What assumptions have we taken for determining the velocity of slider
analytically?
List the four links of Slider crank Mechanism in the order of their connection.
What is the difference between linkage and mechanism?
What are X&Y axes in the displacement and velocity plots?
List any two practical applications of Slider crank mechanism.
What is the difference between higher pair and lower pair? Give few examples
for both
What is toggle position? Does slider crank mechanism fall into it?
What is the best procedure to construct the tangents in displacement plot?
What other methods are available to determine the velocity of a slider?
What were your suggestions in simplifying the determination of slider's velocity?
What are the reasons for deviation of theoretical values from actual values?
What are the possible errors that can incur with the present procedure of finding
slider's velocity?
What is kinematic analysis?
Kinematic analysis of 4 bar mechanism
What is a crank rocker mechanism?
How can we determine the velocity of rocker?
What is graphical differentiation?
What is pole point and why is it used?
How can we determine velocity by knowing the position?
What assumptions have we taken for determining the velocity of rocker?

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List the four links of crank rocker Mechanism in the order of their connection.
What is the difference between linkage and mechanism?
What are X&Y axes in the displacement and velocity plots?
List any two practical applications of Crank rocker mechanism.
What is the difference between higher pair and lower pair? Give few examples
for both
What is toggle position? Does crank rocker mechanism fall into it?
What is the best procedure to construct the tangents in displacement plot?
What other methods are available to determine the velocity of a rocker?
What were your suggestions in simplifying the determination of rocker's velocity?
What are the possible errors that can incur with the present procedure of finding
rocker's velocity?
What is kinematic analysis?
Gyroscopic effect
What is a gyroscope?
What are the three couples that act on gyroscope called?
What couple will lie in a plane containing gyroscopic axis and spin plane?
What is the expression used for calculating the gyroscopic couple theoretically?
What is the expression used for calculating the actual gyroscopic couple of this
experiment?
What is the probable reason for deviation between theoretical and actual
readings?
What suggestions do you have for reducing the %error calculated in the
gyroscopic couples?
List few practical applications of gyroscopic couple.
How does a gyroscopic couple created in the experiment?
How is the precision couple measured?
How does the gyroscopic effect change with increase in q?
What happens to precision time, if gyroscopic effect is increased?
What is the purpose of using gyroscopic effect in aircrafts?
If spinning time is reduced for same number of disc rotations, what happens to
gyroscopic couple?
What is moment of inertia? Write its relation for disc.
What is radius of gyration? Write relation for radius of gyration of disc.
Volumetric efficiency and Air fuel ratio
What is meant by volumetric efficiency of an engine?
What is meant by air fuel ratio? What is its value for petrol and diesel engines?
How do we estimate the amount of air part-taking in combustion?
How does the load change influence FC of an engine?
How is BP estimated in this experiment? Write its expression.
What is your finding about the volumetric efficiency of vertical diesel engine?
What performance plots were prepared to understand the volumetric
performance of engine? Why?
What were the performance parameters of the engine?
List the specifications of the diesel engine used for finding volumetric efficiency?
What is 3way cock used for?
What is the use of having decompression lever?

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What are the methods that you suggest for increasing the volumetric efficiency of
engine?
How does air intake change with increase in engine load?
What is the expected change in air fuel ratio if engine load is increased? Explain
the reason.
What is the expected change in volumetric efficiency if engine load is increased?
Explain the reason.
What is the reason for change in air fuel ratio? Is it because of much change in air
intake or fuel intake?
Morse Test
What is Morse test?
What aspects of engine performance can be estimated using Morse test?
What are the methods that we have for determining FP of an engine?
What are the limitations of Morse test?
Can Morse test be used for single cylinder engines? Provide reasons for your
answer.
What is the nature of load applied on the engine while conducting Morse test?
How is BP of the engine calculated while conducting Morse test?
How is total IP of the engine calculated while conducting Morse test?
How is FP of the engine calculated while conducting Morse test?
What is the reason for decreasing the load on the engine after cutting one of the
cylinders off?
What made the engine to lower its speed after cutting one of the cylinder?
How is the engine speed measured in the experiment of Morse test?
What are the other methods available for determining the FP of multi cylinder
engine?
What were your suggestions to simplify the procedure of Morse test?
Retardation Test
What is retardation test?
For what sort of engines can the retardation test be used?
Do we also have acceleration test? If yes where is it used? If no why?
What is the nature of the load applied on the retardation test?
Why does we have large flywheel to the engine of retardation test?
What is the dependence of size of flywheel to engine speed?
What are the methods we have to determine FP of an engine?
How is retardation related to engine's performance?
How can we measure the retardation of an engine?
Can retardation test be used to other engines of this lab? Support your answer
with a reason?
How is the engine made to retard in retardation test?
What is the influence of fuel consumption in the engine's rate of retardation?
In your opinion, what is the best way of finding FP of an engine? Why?
What maximum load can be applied on the engine? What happens if more load is
applied?