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Disclosure to Promote the Right To Information
Whereas the Parliament of India has set out to provide a practical regime of right to
information for citizens to secure access to information under the control of public authorities,
in order to promote transparency and accountability in the working of every public authority,
and whereas the attached publication of the Bureau of Indian Standards is of particular interest
to the public, particularly disadvantaged communities and those engaged in the pursuit of
education and knowledge, the attached public safety standard is made available to promote the
timely dissemination of this information in an accurate manner to the public.
“जान1 का अ+धकार, जी1 का अ+धकार”

“प0रा1 को छोड न' 5 तरफ”

“The Right to Information, The Right to Live”

“Step Out From the Old to the New”

Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan

Jawaharlal Nehru

IS/ISO/IEC GUIDE 41 (2003): Packaging - Recommendations for
addressing consumer needs [PGD 7: Industrial Engineering]

“!ान $ एक न' भारत का +नम-ण”
Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda

“Invent a New India Using Knowledge”

“!ान एक ऐसा खजाना > जो कभी च0राया नहB जा सकता ह”


“Knowledge is such a treasure which cannot be stolen”



"3r41 "0Ff I3IT .ISIISOIIEC Guide 41 : 2003 ~ ~ - -114 ]fFTF - .RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ADDRESSING CONSUMER NEEDS ': ' BI S 2(}C9 BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS M.EW DELHI 1100Q2 Jure 2009 Price Group 3 . .. ..A NAK 8 HA VAN. 9 B AH AD U R S H AH Z AFA R MA R G ~'. ::f..fi I 3IT Indian Standard PACKAGING .T )m~ Y":f..

.Reco mmenda tions tor addressing consume r needs ' Issued by the Internati ona l Or ganizati on fo r Standa rdization (ISO ) and Inte rnational Elect rorechnica l Commission (IECl JOintly was adop ted by the Bureau of Indian Standards on the recommendation of the National Mirror Committee of COPOlCO and approval of the Director General . however. 1987.) as the decimal marker. SPCAD 0 1 NATIONAL FOREWORD This Indian Stan dard which IS Identical with ISOIIEC GUide 41 : 2003 'Packaqinq . The text of ISO /IEC Standa rd has been appr oved as suitable for publ icat ion as an Indian Standard without deviations. they should be read as 'Indian Standard'.National Mirror Cornnuttee ot CO p a lCO. Certain co nventions are.) has been used as a dec imal marker in the International Standard while in Indian Standards. not Identical to those used in Indian Standards. Bureau of Indian Standards under Rule 8(3)C of BIS Rules. Attention is particu larly drawn to the tc llowinq: a) Wherever the words 'International Standard ' appear referring to this standard. the current practice IS to use a point (. b) Comma (.

enabling consumers to store the goods and their packaging ~propriately and to keep . 2. In particuI_.freda of the peck8ging or its contents. where appropnate 2. The p8dtaging should also be child resistant in 8C.1 2.1. It is not applicable to packagtng solely intended to protect goods in bulk when being transported between manufacturers and retailers The objectives of this Guide are to maximize the direct and indirect benefits to purchasers of goods and services by: eliminating unnecessary packaging so as to reduce the price of goods and the amount of waste . ensuring that goods reach consumers In the condition intended by the manufacturer: protecting consumers from any potentiafty harmful.aty hazardous materials. Spec:iaI consideration should be giwn to the guidelines specified in ISO 3864-1 and ISO 3864-2. b) the contamination of ita contents or the c:om. b) deterioration of the packaging caused by outside intluences. the following posaible causes should be con$idflfed.3 In cases where the contents are potenti8lty hazMSous. 2 Human and environmental safety of packaging material In atorage 2. such as temperature.IsnSOIIEC Guide 41 : 2003 Indian Standard PACKAGING .2 a) lack of a seal.RECOMMENDATIONS FOR ADDRESSING CONSUMER NEEDS 1 Scope This Guide gives the general recommendations to be taken into consideration when determilWlg the most suitable type of packaging to be used at the point of &ale to protect goods. 1 .1. Of greatest concem is the leakage of potent&.1 The packaging material should not be potentiaIy harmful by C8USing: a) the emission of substances which may endanger or be twmfuI to heaIttl or to the environment.XX)I dance with ISO 8317. dispose of.1. in a manner that minimizes their environmental impact. the pKttagtng should be dearty labeled with relevant warnings and instJuctions for storage and disposal of both pec:Uging and ita contents . the peckaging Ihoc*S be cIearty labeled to thia effect. light Of foreseeable mechanical forces : c) deterioration of the packaging cauaed by the contents.4 In cases where the pas. of time affecta the safety -.JIor degl8dIltion of the product. 2.mination resulting from the inter8Ction of the packaging material with its COlItenta. or recycle them. and in particulaf 10 certain consumers in need of tactile warning symbols spedfiecl in ISO 11683.1. The contents should not leak through the pKttaging .

1 Padtaging should be minimized and that used should be .ISilsonEC Guide 41 : 2003 2. EXAMPlE Tmned food d) The packagtng should facilitate the safe removal of its contents. In some cases. b) The means of opening should be suited to the contents. In some cases. c) Wammgs should be given as to whether the product should be removed from the packaging once opened and guidance should be given for the conditions of storage of the contents.3 Dtspoeal 2. clear closing instructions should be given . EXAMPLE Materials gNe 0" noXIOUS fumes Keep bghtly cJosed 2.2. possibly conflicting requirements with respect to the means of opening. 2..2. b) the packaging should be clearly labelled with relevant wamings and instructions for use : c) any relevant wamings and instructions for use . If an auxiliary device is required for opening.2.2 In cases where the packaging or its contents are potentially harmful upon opening .1 For contents which are potentially harmful: a) the packaging should not be misleading in that it should be clearly distinguishable. 2. and/or btodegradable. EXAMPlE Packaging of "potentially harmful" pharmaceuticals.3. or upon removal of the contents. recyclable. Further guidance can be found in ISO 3864-1 and ISO 3864-2 and in ISO 14021 . while the same dosure should be easy to open for a person with disabilities. which may come with in reach of children. the following considerations should be made. in order of preference. from packaging used for food or beverages. 2. two or more groups of users may have different. possibly WIth the help of an auxiliary device. reusable. such as "Keep out of children's reach". energy-recoverable padtaging might be the most reasonable solution. to the type of packaging and to the potential users. taking into account ecological as well as economic aspects and existing national waste management systems The use of reusable packaging is encouraged.2 In . a) The opening instructions should be clearly given and should be appropriately placed on the packaging. in colour and shape or by other means. should be repeated where technically feasible on any inner packaging : d) child-resistant packaging according to ISO 8317 should be used .3 In cases where the contents may deteriorate or become harmful if the packaging is left open. it should be drawn to consumer's attention as well as be available at the time of purchase.3. should have child-resistant closures . Further guidance can be found in IEC Guide 109 and in ISO Guide 64.2 Clear InstructIons should be given on disposal of packaging and/or contents whenever normal means of disposal are lnappropnate 2 .. 2..

d) radiation.2 Safe opening The design of packaging should make it possible for it to be opened sa fely by the consumer. i e wrthou1 personal injury or damage to the contents. 3 . except for packaging designed to degrade after a certacn time 3. for example extreme temperatures.4 Sizing Neither the size nor the shape of the packaging should mislead the potential purchaser as to the amount 01 Its contents . c) climatic conditions.fely perlormance or Itletr reliability which would be expected from normal wear during transportation and storage and for the anticipated ktettme of the packaging . Where settling may occur. h) the filling of a reusable package from the producer's associated refill pack 3. for example water or air. e) the removal of the contents from the packaging without damaging the contents . f) the removal of the contents without damag ing the packaging when intentions are to reuse the packaging . Each size should be a simple multiple of the previous size . to packaging and to potential users. g) the complete emptying of the package. and the use of the product from the moment of purchase until the eventual disposal of the packaging . in order to en8bIe the user to have easy and safe access to the contents: d) the dosing and the keeping of the packaging dosed when not in use : all cIosmg ~ should be SUIted to contents. this information should be c1earty stated on the outside of the packaglO9 The number of packaging sizes should be kept to a minimum for each product line . for example ultraviolet light. . 3.1 Protection The packaging should protect the contents without reducing either their .ISIISOI1EC Guide 41 : 2003 3 Suitability for Intended pUrpoH 3. the storage. c) the opening and the keeping of the packaging open when needed. The contents should be protected against: as impact or vibration: a) outside mechanical forces such b) contamination by potentially damaging substances.3 Handling The packaging design should facilitate the folowing : a) the transportation. b) the protection of the product prior to use end during subsequent storage.

careful consideration should be given to the costs involved in dOing so. b) the method of manufacturing the packaging should be low in energy consumption and should minimize environmental impact.1 General considerations Before the decision is laken to package goods. d) if the packaging is intended to be reusable. 4 .3 4. those relating to the disposal of the packaging should be taken into account. be designed in order to conserve resources.3. 4. as far as possible. NOTE 4. Care should be taken in the design of the packaging so as to minimize shipping and storage costs.1 Economy Direc:t cost to the consumer The cost of packaging should add as little as possible to the price of the product.2 Conservation of resources When the decisIOn has been taken to package goods. c) the packaging materials should be reusable or recyclable and/or biodegradable. the least expensive packaging materials should be chosen. In particular: a) the material should be in common supply. Excessive packaging should be avoided and .3. the packaging should . Additional guidance can be found in ISO 14021 . 4. where not in conflict with other requirements. Unnecessary packaging is a waste of resources . it should be easy to clean and refill.2 Cost to the convnunity When determining costs.Isnsonec Guide 41 : 2003 4 Conservation of resources and economy 4.

Environmental labels and declarations environmental labelling) [6] ISOIIEC Guide 14. Child-resistant packaging. Purchase information on goods and selVices intended for consumers (7) ISO Guide 64.Requirements and testing procedures for recIosabie PltCkages [4] ISO 11683. Packaging - [5] ISO 14021.Safety colours and safety signs safety signs in worl<places and public areas Part 1: Design pnnaples for [2) ISO 3864·2. Graph ical symbols . Graphical symbols product safety labels Part 2 Design pnnaples for [3] ISO 8317. Guide for the inclusion of environmental aspects in product standards [8] ISOIIEC Guide 71. Guidelines for standards developers to address the needs of older /»fSOOS and persons with disabilities [9) IEC Guide 109.ISilSonEC Guide 41 : 2003 Bibliography [1) ISO 3864-1 . Env ironmental aspects -Inclusion in eIectrolechnicaJ product standMds Safety colours and safety signs - Tactile warnings of danger - Requil'BlTtftnts S4t"-declared environmental claims (Type /I 5 GMGIPN-159 BISINDIOt-3OO .

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