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SOLUTIONS

PULLOUT
Worksheets
Term 1 (April to September)

Mathematics

Class 9
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CONTENTS
Unit-I : Number System
1. Real Numbers
Summative Assessment
ØWorksheets 1 - 12 1 - 21
Formative Assessment
ØWorksheets 13 21 - 21
Unit-II : Algebra
2. Polynomials
Summative Assessment
ØWorksheets 14 - 27 42 - 42
Formative Assessment
ØWorksheets 28 42 - 42
Unit-III : Geometry
3. Introduction to Euclid's Geometry
Summative Assessment
ØWorksheets 29 - 33 43 - 48
Formative Assessment
ØWorksheets 34 48 - 48

4. Line and Angles


Summative Assessment
ØWorksheets 35 - 42 49 - 57
Formative Assessment
ØWorksheets 43 57 - 57

5. Triangle
Summative Assessment
ØWorksheets 44 - 55 58 - 77
Formative Assessment
ØWorksheets 56 77 - 77
Unit-IV : Co-ordinate Geometry
6. C0-ordinate Geometry
Summative Assessment
ØWorksheets 57 - 64 78 - 90
Formative Assessment
ØWorksheets 65 90 - 90
Unit-V : Mensuration
6. Areas
Summative Assessment
ØWorksheets 66 - 71 91 - 101
Formative Assessment
ØWorksheets 72 101 - 101

(iii)
1 REAL NUMBERS

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-1

Section A
1. 4 28 ÷3 7 = 4 ×2 7 ÷3 7 (1)
8
=
3
5
2. = P 7
x
5× 5
⇒ = P 7 (1)
7
25 25
P = = (1)
7× 7 7
Section B
3. x =3–2 2

1 1 (3 + 2 2 )
= ×
x (3 – 2 2) (3 + 2 2)

(3 + 2 2)
= =3+2 2 (½)
9 –8
FG x+
1IJ 2
1 1
H xK
= x+
x
+2× x ×
x
(½)

=3–2 2 +3+2 2 +2
FG x+
1IJ 2

H xK
=8 (½)

FG x+
1IJ
H xK
=±2 2 (½)

1 1
  1 34
1   1 1 3  4
  3 3    3 3 3 3 
4. 5
  8 + 27  =  (2 ) + (3 )   (½)

      

1 1
= 5(2 + 3) 3  4 = 5(5) 3  4 (½+½)
   
1
= 4 4 (½)
(5 ) = 51 = 5.
Section C
1 1 1 (5 – 2 6)
5. x= = = × (1)
p 5+2 6 (5 + 2 6 ) (5 – 2 6)

R E A L N U M B E R S P-1
5–2 6
= =5–2 6 (½)
25 – 24
p2 + x 2 = (5 + 2 6 )2 + (5 – 2 6 )2
2
= (5)2 + (2 6 )2 + 2 × 5 × 2 6 + (5)2 + 2 6 e j – 2 × 5 × 2 6 (½)

= 25 + 24 + 20 6 + 25 + 24 –20 6 (½)
= 98. (½)
6.
D
1
√3 C
√2
√3
1
(1)
–2 –1 –½ O 1 P Q2 3
A B
Let AB = BC = 1 unit length.
Using Pythagoras theorem we see that

OC = 12 + 12 = 2 (½)
Construct CD = 1 unit length perpendicular to OC, then using Pythagoras theorem, we see
that

OD = e 2j2 + 12 = 3 (½)

Using a compass with centre O and radius OD, draw an arc which intersects the number
line at the point Q, then corresponds to 3. (1)

Section D
7. Let x = 1·32 = 1·32222..............
10x = 13·222...........
100x = 132·222........... (½)
100x – 10x = 132·222........... – 13·222........... (½)
90x = 119·00
119
x = (½)
90
Again, Let y = 0·35 = 0·353535............
100y = 35·3535.............. (½)
100y – y = 35·3535................ – 0·3535 (½)
99y = 35
35
y = (½)
99
119 35
∴ 1·32 + 0·35 = x + y = + (½)
90 99
119 × 11 + 35 × 10 1309 + 350 1659
= = = · (½)
990 990 990
qq

P-2 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-2

Section A
1. b2 = a ⇒ a = b. (1)

2. ( a + b )(a − b) = ( a) 2 −( b) 2 = a2 − b (1)

3. (81)−1 / 4 × 4 81 = (34 ) −1 / 4 × (34 )1 / 4 = 3−1 × 31 (1)


= 3º = 1
Section B
1 1 2 −1
4. = × (½)
2 +1 2 +1 2 −1
2 −1 2 −1
= = (½)
2 −1 1
= 1·414 – 1
= 0·414
5. The two irrational number between 0·5 and 0·55 are
0·51010010001000001............... (1)
and 0·502002000200002............. (1)
Section C
6. 2x × (22)x = (2 3 )1 / 3 × (25 )1 / 5 (½)
2x · 22x = 21 × 21 (½)
2x + 2x = 21 + 1 (½)
23x = 22 (½)
Comparing powers on both sides, we get
3x = 2 (½)
2
x = · (½)
3
7. Since LCM of 5 and 6 is 30,
1 1 5 5 5 25
∴ = × = × = (½)
6 6 5 30 5 150
1 1 6 6 5 30
and = × = × = (½)
5 5 6 30 5 150
1 1
Hence, four rational numbers between and are :
6 5
26 27 28 29
, , , · (½+½+½+½)
150 150 150 150
Section D
8. Given that x a = y, y b = z, zc = x
∴ x abc = (x a)bc (1)
= (y)bc (½)

R E A L N U M B E R S P-3
= (y b)c (1)
= (z)c (½)
x abc = x 1 (½)
Comparing powers on both sides, we get
abc = 1. (½)
2 2
 3 +1   3 −1 3 +1 3 −1
9. x 2 + y 2 + xy =   +   + × (1)
 3 −1   3 + 1 3 −1 3 +1

3 + 1 + 2 3 + 3 +1 −2 3 + 1
= (1)
3 + 1 − 2 3 3 +1 +2 3

(
2 2+ 3 )
2 2− 3 ( )
= 2 2 − 3 +2 2+ 3 +1
( ) ( ) (½)

(2 + 3 ) + (2 − 3 )
2 2

= +1 (½)
(2 − 3 )(2 + 3 )
4 + 3 + 4 3 + 4 + 3 −4 3
= +1 (½)
4−3
= 14 + 1 = 15. (½)

(2 2 − 5) + ( 3 2 + 3 ) − ( 2 − 1)
2 2 2
10.

( ) + (5)2 − 2 × 2 2 × 5 + ( 3 2 ) + ( 3 ) + 2 ×3 2 × 3
2 2 2
= 2 2

− ( 2 ) − (1) 2 + 2 × 2 × 1 (2)
2

= 8 + 25 − 20 2 + 18 + 3 + 6 6 − 2 − 1 + 2 2 (1)
= 51 − 18 2 + 6 6 . (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-3

Section A
1. 12 × 8 = 2 3 × 2 2 = 4 3 × 2 = 4 6 (1)
2. Sometimes rational and sometimes irrtational. (1)
3. x = 0·777..............
⇒ 10x = 7·777...... ⇒ 10x – x = 7·77........ – 0·777............
7
⇒ 9x = 7 ⇒ x = (1)
9
Section B
4. (4 3 + 3 2) × (4 3 −3 2) (½)
= (4 3)2 − (3 2)2 (½)
= 48 – 18 (½)
= 30 (½)

P-4 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
−3 / 4 −3 / 2
−3 / 4
 81   25 
−3 / 2  3  4   5 2 
5.   ×  =    ×    ½
 16   9   2    3  
−3 −3
3 5 
=   ×  1
2 3 
3 3
2 3
=   ×  1
3 5
23 8
= = 1
3 125
5
Section C
6. (i) (x y + y x )–1 = (5 2 + 2 5 )–1 (½)
–1
= (25 + 32) (½)

1
= (57)–1 = (½)
57
(ii) (x x + y y )–1 = (5 5 + 2 2 )–1 (½)
= (3125 + 4)–1 (½)
1
= (3129)–1 = . (½)
3129
( p + 2 q) + ( p − 2 q) + 2 × p + 2q × p − 2q
7. x = 1
( p + 2 q ) − ( p − 2 q)

2 p + 2 p 2 − 4q2 (p + p2 − 4 q2 )
x = ⇒x= 2 1
p + 2q − p + 2q 4q

⇒ 2qx = p + p2 − 4 q2 ⇒ 2qx – p = p2 − 4 q2 1
On squaring both sides,
4q2x 2 + p2 – 4pqx = p2 – 4q2
⇒ 4q (qx 2 – px) = – 4q2
⇒ qx 2 – px + q = 0.
Section D
2− 5 + 2+ 5
8. a+b = (1)
2+ 5 2− 5

(2 − 5 ) + (2 + 5 )
2 2

= (1)
(2 + 5 )(2 − 5 )
= 4 + 5 − 4 5 + 4 + 5 +4 5 (1)
4 −5

18 = −18
= (½)
−1

∴ (a + b)3 = (– 18)3 = – 5832. (½)

R E A L N U M B E R S P-5
1 1 1
2 2 2 1 1 1
 xa  a+ b  x b  b +c  x c  c+ a
9.  2  .  2  .  2  = ( x a2 −b2 ) a+ b . ( x b −c ) b + c . (x c −a ) c+ a
2 2 2 2
(1)
 xb   xc   xa 
1 1 1
= x( a − b)(a + b)×( a +b ) . x (b −c )(b +c )×( b+c) . x ( c− a )(c +a )×(c +a ) (1)

= x a− b . x b− c . x c−a (½)

= x a− b+ b− c+ c− a (1)

= x 0 = 1. (½)
15 15
10. = (1)
10 + 20 + 40 − 5 − 80 10 + 2 5 +2 10 − 5 − 4 5
15
= (½)
3 10 −3 5

15 ×
( 10 + 5 )
= 3
( 10 − 5 ) ( 10 + 5 ) (1)

5 × ( 10 + 5 )
= (½)
10 − 5

5(3·2 + 2·2)
= = 5·4 . (1)
5
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-4

Section A
163 / 4
1. = (16) 3 / 4 +1 / 4 = (16)1 = 16 1
16 −1 / 4
2. x = 2·9 = 2·99.......... ⇒ 10x = 29·99..... ⇒ 10x – x = 29·99.............. – 2·99.......... ½
27
⇒ 9x = 27 ⇒ x = =3 ½
9
3. Sum of 2 5 and 3 7 = 2 5 + 3 7 = 12·4 1

Section B
4. 5 2 ( 3 + 2 )( 5 + 2 ) = 5 2 ( 15 + 3 2 + 5 2 + 2 ) (1)

= 5 2 17 +8 2 ( ) (½)

= 85 2 + 40 × 2

= 85 2 + 80 . (½)

P-6 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
5. 625 ) 2157 (3 ⋅ 4512
1875 2157
⇒ = = 3·4512
2820 625
2500
3200
3125
750
625
1250
1250
×

Section C
5+ 2 5+ 2 5+ 2
6. ⇒ × 1
5− 2 5− 2 5× 2
5 + 2 +2 5 2 7 + 2 10
⇒ ⇒ 1
5−2 3
7 + 2(3.162) 7 + 6·324 13·324
⇒ ⇒ ⇒ ⇒ 4·441 1
3 3 3 9.3

7. Mark the distance 9·3 units from a fixed point A on a given 9.3 1
line to obtain a point B such that AB = 9·3 units. From B,
mark a distance of 1 unit and mark the new point as C. Find
the mid-point of AC and mark that point as O. Draw a semi-circle with centre O and radius OC.
Draw a line perpendicular to AC passing through B and intersecting the semi-circle at D.

Then, BD = 9·3 (1)


To represent 9·3 on the number line, let us treat the line BC as the number line, with B as zero,
C as 1, and so on.
Draw an arc with centre B and radius BD, which intersects the number line at E. (1)
\ E represents 9·3 .
Section D
−n /2 −2
9 n+1
×( 3 ) − 27 n
1
8. =
( 3m × 2 )3 729

(32 ) n+ 1 × 3n − (33 )n 1
= 6 (1)
3 ×2
3 m 3 3

32n+ 2+n − 33n 1


= 6 (1)
33m × 8 3

3 3n [3 2 − 1] 1
= 6 (½)
3 ×8
3 m 3

3 3n− 3m × 8 = 3 – 6 (½)
8

R E A L N U M B E R S P-7
Comparing powers on both sides, we get
3n – 3m = – 6 (½)
– 3(m – n) = – 6
m – n = 2. (½)
0·714285...
9. (i) 7 5·000000 (1)
− 49
10
−7
30
− 28
20
− 14
60
− 56
40
− 35
5
5
∴ = 0·714285 (1)
7
0·81
and 11 9·00
88
20
− 11
9

9
∴ = 0·81 (½)
11
5 and 9
Thus, three different irrational numbers between are 0·75075007500075000075.....,
7 11
0·767076700767000767.... and 0·80800800080000..... (½)
(ii) Number system (½)
(iii) Those who are irrational in there approach get fail in their efforts. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-5

Section A
1. [{(81) −1 / 2 }−1 / 4 ]2 = [{(81)–1/2 }]–1/2 = (81)1/4 = (34)1/4 = 3 1

1 1 1 2 2
2. = = × = ½
50 5× 5 ×2 5 2 2 10
So, rationalising factor is 2. ½

1500 1 1500 1 10
3. = = × 100 = =5 1
2 15 2 15 2 2

P-8 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section B
4. LCM of 5 and 7 is 35,
3 3 7 21
∴ = × = (½)
5 5 7 35

5 5 5 25
and = × = (½)
7 7 5 35

21 < 22 < 23 < 24 < 25


so, (½)
35 35 35 35 35

22 , 23 and 24
The required three rational numbers are . (½)
35 35 35
5. Given, a = 2 and b = 3.
∴ ab + ba = 2 3 + 3 2 (½)
=8+9 (1)
= 17. (½)
Section C
6. Let x = 0·328 = 0·3282828......... (½)
10x = 3·282828......... (½)
1000x = 328·282828......... (½)
1000x – 10x = 328·2828........ – 3·2828........ (½)
990x = 325·00 (½)
325 65
x = = . (½)
990 198
5+ 3 − 5+ 3 ( 5 + 3 ) (7 +4 3 ) − (5 + 3 ) (7 −4 3 )
7. = (1)
7 − 4 3 7 +4 3 ( 7 − 4 3 ) (7 +4 3 )
35 + 20 3 + 7 3 + 12 − 35 + 20 3 − 7 3 + 12
= (1)
49 − 48

= 40 3 + 24 (½)
1
(
= 8 3 +5 3 . ) (½)

Section D
8. (1 + x + y ) + (1 + y + z ) + (1 + z + x –1 )–1
–1 –1 –1 –1

1 1 1
= + + (1)
1+ x + 1 1+ y + 1 1+ z + 1
y z x

1 1 1 1
= + + , (Q xyz = 1 ⇒ = xy ) (1)
1 1 + y + xy 1 + 1 + 1 z
1+ x +
y xy x

1 1 1
= + + (1)
y + xy + 1 y + xy + 1 xy + 1 + y
y xy

R E A L N U M B E R S P-9
y 1 xy
= y + xy + 1 + y + xy + 1 + xy + 1 + y (½)

( y + 1 + xy )
= ( y + xy + 1) = 1 . (½)

Value Based Question


9. (i) Six rational number between 3 and 4 are 3·125, 3·225, 3·335, 3·445, 3·555, 3·625 1
(ii) Number system. 1
(iii) Those who are rational in there approach get fails in their efforts. 1
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-6

Section A
1. We know that 5 = 2·236 the irrational number is 5. 1

1 / 4 1 / 2
(x) (x)
1/2  1/8
4 3 2  3 2 3 2
2.  x  =   = ½
   

= [( x2 1) / 3 ]1 / 8 = ( x2 )1 / 2 4 = x1/12 ½

Section B
3. Let x = 2·218 = 2·218181818.......
10x = 22·18181818......... (½)

1000x = 2218·181818......... (½)

1000x – 10x = 2218·181818...... – 22·181818.......

990x = 2196·00 (½)


2196 = 2 ×3 ×3 × 122 = 122
x = . (½)
990 2 × 3 × 3 × 55 55
1
4. Given, = 0·142857142857......... (½)
7
2
= 0·285714285714........ (½)
7
Number can be 0·160160016000....... (1)

Section C
4 1 4 1
5. − = − (1)
−2 −3 −2 −3
(216) 3 (256) 4  ( 6 )3  3  ( 4 )4  4
 
4 1
= − (½)
6−2 4 −3
= 4 × 62 – 43 (½)
= 144 – 64 (½)
= 80. (½)

P-10 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
1 1
a + a b b
6. = +
a + b b −a a+ b b −a
ab ab
( b − a) b + b(b + a)
= 1
(b + a )( b− a)
b2 − ab + b2 + ab
= 1
b2 − a 2
2b2
=– 1
a2 − b2
Section D

[ x( a +b ) ]2 . [x (b + c) ]2 . [x (c +a ) ]2 x2( a +b) . x2( b+ c) . x2( c+a )


7. = (1)
( xa x bx c ) 4 x 4a . x 4b . x 4c

x2 a+ 2b . x 2b+ 2 c . x2c+ 2a
= x4 a . x4 b . x4 c (1)

x2 a+2 b+2 b+2 c+2 c+2 a


= (1)
x4a +4b +4c
x 4a + 4b+ 4c
= =1. (1)
x 4a + 4b+ 4c
1 1
1 1 +
a
8. + = 1+ x xb 1
1+ x a−b
1 + x b− a 1 +
xb xa
1 1
+
b a
= x +x x + xb
a
1
xb xa
xb xa
= + 1
x b + xa xa + xb
( xb + x a )
= =1 1
( x a + xb )

( ) ( ) ( ) ( )
7 −5 7 −5
9. 2 −1 × 32 2 2 −2 × 33 2
= 33
6 2 38 2
(1)
× ×
22 × 3−4 23 × 3−5 2 25
6× 7 8×− 5
3 2
×3
2
= 3× 7 5×−5
(1)
2 2 2 2
321 × 3−20
= 21 − 25 (½)
22 2 2
32 1−2 0 = 31
= 21− 25 −4 (½ + ½)
22 2 2 2
= 3 × 2 2 = 12. (½)
qq

R E A L N U M B E R S P-11
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-7

Section A
177 59 × 3 3
1. = = 1
413 59 × 7 7
2. 0·3 + 0·4 = 0·33... + 0·44... = 0·77 ½
Let, x = 0·7 ⇒ 10x = 7·77... ⇒ 10x – x = 7·77... – 0·77... ½
7
⇒ 9x = 7·0 ⇒ x =
9
3. 2 is non-terminating, non reccuring. 1
Section B

( )
c
x a( b− c) xb x ab− ac xbc
4. ÷ a = ÷ (½)
xb ( a− c) x xba− bc x ac
ab – ac – ab + bc
=x ÷ x bc – ac (½)
bc – ac bc – ac
=x ÷x (½)
=1 (½)
5. 50 − 98 + 162 = 5 × 5 ×2 − 7 × 7 ×2 + 3 × 3 × 3 × 3 × 2 (½)
= 5 2 − 7 2 +3 ×3 2 (½)
= − 2 2 +9 2 (½)
=7 2 (½)
6. Given, a = 2 and b = 3.
(A) (ab + ba)–1 = (2 3 + 3 2 )–1 (½)
1
= (8 + 9)–1 = 17–1 = (½)
17
a b –1` 2 3 –1
(B) (a + b ) = (2 + 3 ) (½)
–1 1 –1
= (4 + 27) = 31 = . (½)
31
1 1 2
7. = × (rationalising) (½)
2 2 2
2 1·414
= = = 0·707 (½)
2 2
1
∴ + π = 0·707 + 3·141 = 3·848. (1)
2
Section C
8. x = 1+ 2

1 1
×
( 2 − 1) = ( 2 − 1)
= 2 −1 = 2−1 (1)
x ( 2 + 1) ( 2 − 1)

= ( 1 + 2 ) − ( 2 − 1)
1
x− (½)
x
= 1+ 2 − 2 + 1 = 2 (½)

( x − 1x )
3
∴ = 23 = 8. (1)

P-12 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
1 1 2
9. + +
1+ 2 2+ 3 3+ 5

= 1 ×
( 2 − 1) + 1 × ( 3 − 2)
+ 2 ×
( 5 − 3) (1)
( 2 + 1) ( 2 − 1) ( 3 + 2 ) ( 3− 2) ( 5 + 3) ( 5 − 3)

=
( 2 − 1) ( 3 − 2 ) 2 ( 5 −
+ +
3)
(1)
2 −1 3−2 5−3
= 2 −1 + 3 − 2 + 5 − 3 (½)
= 5 −1 . (½)
Section D

( ) ( ) ( )
1 1 1
10. xa ab xb bc xc ca 1 1 1
= ( x a −b ) ab . (x b− c ) bc . (x c −a ) ca (1)
. c . a
xb x x
a −b b−c c −a
=x ab . x bc . x ca (½)

= x aab−b +bbc−c +c ca−a (½)


ac −bc +ab −ca +bc −ab
= x abc (1)
0
= x abc = x0 (½)
= 1. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-8

Section A
1. n – 1 1
2. 1·011 = 1·011011011..... ½
So, 1·011 is smallest ½
Section B
3. 7x = 1
1
x= (½)
7 (
7 10 0·142857
7
30
28
20
14
60
56
40
35 (1)
50
49
1

∴ x = 0·142857 . (½)

R E A L N U M B E R S P-13
4. (1 3 + 2 3 + 3 3 )–3/2 = (1 + 8 + 27)–3/2 (½)

= (36)–3/2 (½)

= [(6)2 ]–3/2 = 6 –3 (½)


1 1
= = . (½)
63 216
3
5. 3
40 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 5 = 23 5 (½)
3
3
320 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 × 2 ×2 ×5 =2 ×2 3 5 =4 3 5 (½)

∴ 3 3 40 – 4 3 320 − 3 5 = 3 × 23 5 −4 ×4 3 5 − 3 5 (½)

= 6 3 5 − 163 5 − 3 5 = − 113 5 . (½)

330 + 329 + 3 28 328 (32 + 31 + 1)


6. = 1
331 + 330 + ( −1)(329 ) 3 29 (3 2 + 31 − 1)
9 + 3 +1
= ½
3(9 + 3 − 1)
13 13
= = ½
3 × 11 33
Section C
7. Given, x = 3+ 8

( 8) = 9 + 8 + 2 × 3× 8
2
∴ x2 = 3 + (½)

= 17 + 12 2 (½)


1
= 1 ×
( 17 − 12 2 ) (½)
x 2
( 17 + 12 2 ) ( 17 − 12 2 )
= 17 − 12 2 = 17 − 12 2 (½)
289 − 288
1
Now, x2 + = 17 + 12 2 + 17 − 12 2 (½)
x2
= 34. (½)
Section D
8. 52x – 1 – 25x – 1 = 2500
⇒ 52x – 1 – [(5)2]x – 1 = 2500 ½
⇒ 52x – 1 – 52x – 2 = 2500 ½
⇒ 52x – 2 (5 – 1) = 2500 1
⇒ 52x – 2 = 625 ⇒ 52x – 2 = 54 ½
on comparing both sides, we get ½
2x – 2 = 4 ⇒ x = 3 1
9. Since L.C.M. of 3, 4, 6, 12 is 12,
1 ×4 4
∴ 3
2 = 23 4 = 2 12 = 122 4 = 12 16 (1)

P-14 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
1× 3 3
4
5 = 54 3 = 512 = 12 53 = 12 125 (½)
1 ×2 2
6
7 = 76 2 = 7 12 = 127 2 = 12 49 (½)
12
3 = 12
3 (½)
12
In descending order 125, 12 49, 12 16, 12 3 (1)
4
i.e., 5, 6 7, 3 2, 12 3 . (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-9

Section A
32 + 48 2( 8 + 12) 2( 2 + 3 )
1. = = =2 1
8 + 12 2( 2 + 3) ( 2 + 3)
Section B
2. 23 3 ×3 2
⇒ 2(3)1/3 × 3(2)1/2 ½
⇒ 21+1/2 × 31+1/3 ½
⇒ 23/2 × 34/3 ½
⇒ 6(72)1/6 ½
Section C
3. x = 9 +4 5
= 5 + 4 +4 5

( 5)
2
= + (2)2 + 2 × 2 × 5

( 5 + 2)
2
x =

x = 5+2 (1)

1 1 ×
( 5 −2)
=
x ( 5 + 2) ( 5 − 2 )

= 5 −2 = 5 −2 (1)
5 −4
1
∴ x−
x
= ( 5 + 2) − ( 5 − 2 )

= 5 + 2 − 5 + 2 = 4. (1)

4. ( 23 ) · (23 )
x 2x
( )
81
= 16

( 23 ) . ( 23 ) = ( )
x −2 x 4
3
(1)
2

( 23 ) = ( )
x −2 x −4
2
(1)
3

R E A L N U M B E R S P-15
Comparing the power on both sides, we get
x – 2x = – 4 (½)
– x = – 4
⇒ x = 4. (½)

5+ 3 5+ 3
×
( 5 + 3)
5.
5− 3
= 5− 3 ( 5 + 3) (1)

= 5 + 3 + 2 × 5 × 3 = 8 +2 15 (1)
5−3 2
2 ( 4 + 15 )
= = 4 + 15 (½)
2
∴ a + b 15 = 4 + 15
Comparing on both sides, we get
a = 4, b = 1. (½)

4 3 4 ( 3 3 +2 2 ) + 3 ( 3 3 −2 2 )
6. + = (½)
3 3−2 2 3 3 + 2 2 (3 3 − 2 2 ) (3 3 +2 2 )
12 3 + 8 2 +9 3 −6 2
= (½)
27 − 8

= 21 3 + 2 2 (½)
19
21 × 1·732 + 2 × 1·414
= (½)
19
36·372 + 2·828
= (½)
19
39·2 = 2·063.
= (½)
19
Section D
4 5 2 3 1 1
7. − + = 4(2187) 7 − 5(256) 4 + 2 [ (1331)2 ]3 (½)
−3 −1 −1
(2187) 7 (256) 4 (13312 ) 3
3 1 2
= 4 ( 3 7 ) 7 − 5 ( 4 4 ) 4 + 2 ( 11 3 ) 3 (1)
3 2
= 4 × 3 – 5 × 4 + 2 × 11 (1)
= 4 × 27 – 20 + 2 × 121 (1)
= 108 – 20 + 242 = 330. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-10

Section A
4 3 2  2
1.  x  = ( 3 x2 )1 / 4  = ( 3 x )1 / 4 = [( x2 1) / 3 1] / 4 ½
  
 

2
= (x ) 1/12 =x 1/6 ½

P-16 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section B
2. Let x = 0·237 = 0·237237237.....
1000x = 237·237237........ (½)
1000x – x = 237·237237........ – 0·237237..... (½)
999x = 237 (½)
237
x = . (½)
999
Section C
( 12 − 3 )
3. ( 3 + 1) ( 1 − 12 ) +
9
= ( 3 − 36 + 1 − 12 ) + 9 × (1)
( 3 + 12 ) ( 12 + 3 ) ( 12 − 3 )

9( 12 − 3 )
= ( 3 − 6 + 1 − 12 ) +
12 − 3
(1)

= 3 − 5 − 12 + 12 − 3 (½)
= – 5. (½)
4. (x a – b)a + b · (x b – c)b + c · (x c – a)c + a
= xa2 −b2 ·x b2 − c2 ·x c2 −a2 1
= xa2 +b2 +c2 −a2 −b2 −c2 1
= xº = 1 1
2 1

−2 1 1 −1 2
−1
=  x 2  . ( y 4 )2 ÷ ( xy) 2 
3
5. ( x) 3 4
y ÷ ( xy) 2
   
(½)

−1 −1
=x 3 . y2 ÷ ( xy) 4 (½)
−1 1
= x 3. y2 × ( xy) 4 (½)
− 1+ 1 2+ 1
= x 3 4. y 4 (½)
−1 9
= x 12 . y 4 (½)
9
y4
= 1
. (½)
x12
30 30 ×
(5 3 +3 5 )
6. = (½)
5 3 −3 5 ( 5 3− 3 5 ) ( 5 3 + 3 5 )
30 ( 5 3 +3 5 )
= (1)
(5 3 ) − (3 5 )
2 2

30 ( 5 3 + 3 5 )
= (½)
75 − 45
30 ( 5 3 + 3 5 )
= (½)
30
= 5 3+3 5 . (½)

R E A L N U M B E R S P-17
( ) ( )
7 −5

( ) ( )
7 −5
5 −1 × 72 5−2 × 7 3
= 7 2 × 71 7 5 × 73
2 2 4 2 2 2
7. × × 3 2 (½)
52 × 7−4 53 × 7−5 5 ×5 5 ×5

= (7 ) ×(7 )
7 5
6 2 8 −2
3 5
(½)
5 5
1 1

( ) ( )
7 2 −5 2
 76   78 
=  3  ×  55  (½)
 5   

( ) ( )
1 1
42
= 721
2 7 −40 2
(½)
×
5 5 −25

( )
1
42 25
= 721 × 540
2 1
= ( 72 × 5 4 ) 2 (½)
5 7
= 7 × 52 = 175. (½)

Section D
8. x = 3 −2 2
1 1 ×
(3+2 2 )
= (½)
x (3 −2 2 ) ( 3 + 2 2 )
1 (3 +2 2 )
= 9 −8 = 3 +2 2 (½)
x
1
= ( 3 + 2 2 ) = 9 + 8 + 12 2 = 17 + 12 2
2
(½)
x2
( )
2
x2 = 3 − 2 2 = 9 + 8 − 12 2 = 17 − 12 2 (½)

Now, x4 −
1
x4 ( 1
= x2 − 2 x2 + 2
x x)(
1
) (½)

= ( 17 − 12 2 ) − ( 17 + 12 2 )  ( 17 − 12 2 ) + ( 17 + 12 2 )  (½)


= ( 17 − 12 2 − 17 − 12 2 ) ( 17 − 12 2 + 17 + 12 2 ) (½)
= − 24 2 × 34 = − 816 2 . (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-11

Section A
1. (16)1/4 – 6(343)1/3 + 18(243)1/5 – (196)1/2
⇒ (2)4/4 – 6(7)3/3 + 18 (3)5/5 – (14)2/2 ½
⇒ 2 – 42 + 54 – 14 = 0 ½
Section B
2. False.

147 147 49 7
Justification : = = = , 1
75 75 25 5
which is a rational number. 1

P-18 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section C
6 + 3 2 − 4 3
3.
2+ 3 6+ 3 6+ 2
6 × ( 3 − 2 ) + (3 2 ) × ( 6 − 3 ) − 4 3 × ( 6 − 2 )
= 3 + 2 ( 3 − 2 ) ( 6+ 3 ) ( 6 − 3 ) ( 6+ 2 ) ( 6 − 2 ) (1)

= 18 − 12 + 3 12 − 3 6 − 4 18 − 4 6 (1)
3 −2 6 −3 6 −2
3 ( 12 − 6 ) 4 ( 18 − 6 )
= 18 − 12 + − (½)
3 4
= 18 − 12 + 12 − 6 − 18 + 6 = 0. (½)

4.
a x−1
b
= ()
b 2 x−8
a ()
( ab ) =( )
x −1 −(2 x −8)
a
⇒ (1)
b
Comparing powers on both sides, we get
x – 1 = – (2x – 8) (½)
x – 1 + 2x – 8 = 0 (½)
3x – 9 = 0 (½)
x = 3. (½)
5. Since L.C.M. of 3, 2, 4 be 12,
3 1 1 1
∴ 4, 3, 4 6 = 4 3 , 3 2 , 6 4 (½)
1 4 1 6 1 3
= 4 3× 4 , 32× 6 , 6 4× 3 (½)
1 1 1
= 4 4×12 , 3 6× 12 , 6 3×12 (½)
1 1 1
= 25612 ,72912 ,216 12 (½)
1 1 1
In ascending order = (216) 12 ,(256) 12 ,(729) 12
4
i.e. = 6, 3 4, 3 . (½ + ½)

Section D

1 2+ 3 ( )
x = 2− 3 × 2 + 3
6.
( ) ( ) (½)

= 2+ 3 = 2 + 3 (½)
4−3
( ) ( 3) − 7 ( 2 + 3 ) + 5
3 2
2x 3 – 2x 2 – 7x + 5 = 2 2 + 3 − 2 2 + (½)

( 3) + 3 × 2 × 3 ( 2 + 3)  − 2 ( 4 + 3 +4 3 )
3
= 2 2 3 + 
− 14 − 7 3 + 5 .(1)
= 2  8 + 3 3 + 12 3 + 18  − 14 − 8 3 − 9 −7 3 (½)
(
= 2 26 + 15 3 − 23 − 15 3 ) (½)

= 52 + 30 3 − 23 − 15 3 = 29 + 15 3 . (½)
qq

R E A L N U M B E R S P-19
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-12

Section A
1. (4 3 + 3 2) × (4 3 −3 2) ½

(4 3) 2 − (3 2) 2 = (16 × 3) − (9 × 2) = 48 − 18 = 30 ½

Section B
2. (4 3 − 3 5)2

= (16 × 3) + (9 × 5) − 2 × 4 ×3 3 × 5 1
= 48 + 45 − 24 15 = 93 − 24 15 1

Section C
3. (729)–1/6 ½
1
= ½
(729)1 / 6
1
= 1
(3) 6 / 6
1
= 1
3

4. 5 + 2 6 + 8 − 2 15 = 3 + 2 +2 3 × 2 + 5 + 3 − 2 5 × 3 (½)

( 3) +( 2) ( 5) + ( 3)
2 2 2 2
= + 2× 3 × 2 + −2 5× 3 (1)

( 3 + 2) + ( 5 − 3)
2 2
= (½)

= 3+ 2+ 5− 3 (½)

= 2+ 5. (½)
−3 / 4  25  −3 / 2  5  −3 
 81 
5.  16  ×   ÷   ½
   9   2  
3/4  9  3 / 2  2 3 
 16 
=  81  ×   ÷   ½
  
25   5  
3 3 3
 2   3   5  
= 3 ×     
× ½
   5   2  

8  27 125 
= × × ½
27  125 8 
8
= ½
8
=1 ½

P-20 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section D

1 1 ×
( 5− 4) = 5 − 4 = 5 − 4
6.
4+ 5
=
( 5 + 4) ( 5 − 4 ) 5−4 (½)

1 1 ×
( 6 − 5) = 6 − 5 = 6 − 5
= (½)
5+ 6 ( 6 + 5) ( 6 − 5) 6−5

1 1 ×
( 7 − 6) = 7 − 6 = 7 − 6
6+ 7 =
( 7 + 6) ( 7 − 6) 7 −6 (½)

1 1 ×
( 8 − 7 ) = ( 8 − 7) = 8 − 7
= (½)
7+ 8 ( 8 + 7) ( 8 − 7) 8 −7

1 1 ×
( 9 − 8) = 9 − 8 = 9 − 8
= (½)
8+ 9
( 9 + 8) ( 9 − 8) 9 −8

L.H.S. = 5 − 4 + 6 − 5 + 7 − 6 + 8 − 7+ 9− 8 (1)

= − 4 + 9 = – 2 + 3 = 1 = R.H.S. Proved (½)


qq

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-13

This worksheet contains Activities which are to be perform in the class itself.
qq

R E A L N U M B E R S P-21
2 POLYNOMIALS

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-14

Section A
1. p(x) = x 2 + 11x + k
p(–4) = 0 ⇒ (– 4)2 + 11 × – 4 + k = 0 ½
16 – 44 + k = 0 ⇒ k = 28 ½
2. No. of zeros of a cubic polynomial = 3 1
Section B
a2 b2 c 2 a3 + b3 + c 3
3. + + = (½)
bc ac ab abc
3abc  Q a + b + c = 0 
=  ∴ a3 + b3 + c 3 = 3abc  (1)
abc  
= 3. (½)
4. p(x) = kx2 – x – 4
(x + 1) is a factor of p(x), then p(– 1) = 0 (½)
∴ k (– 1)2 – (–1) – 4 = 0 (½)
k+1–4 =0 (½)
k = 3 (½)
Section C
x y x y   x y   x y   x y   x y 
3 3 2 2
x y x y 
5.  +  − −  =  3 + 5 − 3 + 5   3 + 5  +  3 − 5  +  3 + 5  3 − 5  (1)
3 5 3 5            

 2 y  x y2 x y x2 y 
2 2
2
x y x2 y
=   + +2× × + + −2 × × + −  (1)
 5   9 25 3 5 9 25 3 5 9 25 
2y  x2 y2 
= 3 × +  (½)
5  9 25 
2y  x2 y 2 
=  +  (½)
5  3 25 
2 2
 3+ 2  3− 2   3+ 2   3− 2 
6. x 2 – y 2 + xy =   −  + ×   (½)
 3 − 2   3+ 2   3− 2   3 + 2 
5 + 2 6 5 −2 6
= − +1 (½)
5 − 2 6 5 +2 6

(5 + 2 6 ) − (5 −2 6 )
2 2

+1
=
( 5 − 2 6 )(5 +2 6 ) (½)

25 + 24 + 20 6 − 25 − 24 + 20 6
= +1 (½)
25 − 24
= 40 6 + 1
= 40 × 2·4 + 1 = 96 + 1 = 97. (1)

P-22 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section D
7. p(x) = x 4 – 2x 3 + 3x 2 – px + 3p – 7
Put x + 1 = 0 or x = – 1 in p(x), we get
p(– 1) = (– 1)4 – 2(– 1)3 + 3(– 1)2 – p(– 1) + 3p – 7 = 19 (½)
1 + 2 + 3 + p + 3p – 7 = 19 (½)
4p – 1 = 19 (½)
4p = 20
p =5 (½)
∴ The polynomial p(x) = x 4 – 2x 3 + 3x 2 – 5x + 15 – 7
= x 4 – 2x 3 + 3x 2 – 5x + 8 (½)
Put x + 2 = 0 or x = – 2 in p(x)
p(– 2) = (– 2)4 – 2(– 2)3 + 3(– 2)2 – 5(– 2) + 8 (½)
= 16 + 16 + 12 + 10 + 8 (½)
= 62. (½)

Value Based Questions


8. (i) (998)3 = (1000 – 2)3
We know that
(a – b)3 = a3 – b3 – 3ab(a – b) (½)
Hence, (998)3 = (1000)3 – (2)3 – (3) (1000) (2) (1000 – 2) (½)
= 1000000000 – 8 – 6000 × 998
= 1000000000 – 5988008
= 994011992. (1)
(ii) Algebraic Identities (½)
(iii) Satisfaction solves the identity crisis among people. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-15

Section A
1. x – 2 = 0 ⇒ x = 2
p(2) = 2 × (2)2 + 3 × 2 – k = 0 ½
⇒ 8 + 6 – k = 0 ⇒ k = 14 ½
2. For zeros put p(x) = 0 ½
x (x – 2) (x – 3) = 0,
then x = 0, 2, 3 ½
Section B
 1 1 2 1 4 1   2 1  2 1  4 1 
3.  x +  x −   x + 2   x + 4  =  x − 2  x + 2   x + 4  ,
 x x x  x   x  x  x 
as (a + b) (a – b) = a2 – b2 (1)
 4 1  4 1 
= x − 4  x + 4  (½)
 x  x 
 8 1 
= x − 8  . (½)
 x 

P O L Y N O M I A L S P-23
2
a b 
2
a  b  
4.  − + 1 =  +  −  + 1 (½)
4 2  4  2  
2 2
a   b a  b  −b   a
=   +  −  + (1) + 2 × ×
2
 −  + 2 ×   × (1) + 2 ×   × (1) (1)
4  2 4  2  2  4

a2 b 2 ab a
= + +1 − − b+ . (½)
16 4 4 2
5. Let 14 = a, 13 = b, – 27 = c
a + b + c = 14 + 13 – 27 = 0 (½)
∴ a3 + b3 + c3 = 3abc (1)
(14)3 + (13)3 + (– 27)3 = 3 × 14 × 13 × (– 27)
= – 14742. (½)
Section C
6. (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(ab + bc + ca) (1)
9
= 280 + 2 × (½)
2
(a + b + c)2 = 280 + 9 = 289
a + b + c = 289 = 17 (½)
(a + b + c)3 = 173 = 4913. (1)
7. p(x) = 3x 2 – mx – nx
If (x – a) is a factor of p(x), then
p(a) =0 (1)
3(a)2 – m × a – n × a =0 (½)
a ≠ 0, a[3a – m – n] = 0 (½)
Since 3a – m – n = 0 (½)
m +n
∴ a = . (½)
3
8. a7 + ab6 = a(a6 + b6) (½)
= a[(a2)3 + (b2)3] (1)
= a(a2 + b2) [(a2)2 + (b2)2 – a2 × b2] (1)
= a(a2 + b2) (a4 + b4 – a2b2). (½)
Section D
2
 1 1 1
x+  =x + + 2× x ×
2
9. (1)
 x x2 x
2
 1
x+  = 7 + 2 = 9 (½)
 x
1
x+ = 9 =3 (½)
x
3
1  1 2 1 1
( x)3 +   =  x +   x + 2 – x×  (1)
x  x x x
1
x3 + = 3 × (7 – 1) (½)
x3
= 3 × 6 = 18. (½)
qq

P-24 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-16

Section A
1. Degree of a polynomial 3 is 0. 1
2. It is not defined. 1
Section B
3. 103 3 = (100 + 3)3 (½)
= 100 3 + 33 + 3 × 100 × 3 (100 + 3) (½)
= 1000000 + 27 + 900 × 103
= 1000000 + 27 + 92700 (½)
= 1092727. (½)
4. f(x) = 2x 3 – 3x 2 + 7x – 6
Put x – 1 = 0 or x = 1 in f(x) (½)
f(1) = 2 × 1 3 – 3 × 1 2 + 7 × 1 – 6 (½)
=2–3+7–6 (½)
=0 (½)
Hence, (x – 1) is a factor of f(x).

Section C
5. 125x 3 – 27y 3 + z3 + 45xyz= (5x)3 + (– 3y)3 + (z)3 – 3 × (5x) (– 3y) (z) (1)
= (5x – 3y + z) [(5x)2 + (– 3y)2 + (z)2 – (5x)(– 3y) – (– 3y) (z) – (5x) (z)] (1½)
= (5x – 3x + z) [25x 2 + 9y 2 + z2 + 15xy + 3yz – 5xz] (½)
6. 3 – 12(a – b)2 = 3[1 – 4(a – b)2] (1)
= 3[(1)2 – {2(a – b)}2] (1)
= 3(1 + 2a – 2b) (1 – 2a + 2b). (1)
7. 9x 2 + y2 + z2 – 6xy + 2yz – 6xz= (– 3x)2 + (y)2 + (z)2
+ 2 × (– 3x) (y) + 2 × (y) (z) + 2 (– 3x) (z) (1)
= (– 3x + y + z)2 (1)
If x = 1, y = 2, z = – 1, then
(– 3x + y + z)2 = (– 3 × 1 + 2 – 1)2 (½)
= (– 3 + 2 – 1)2
= 4. (½)
Section D
8. p(x) = x 4 + 1
Put x – 1 = 0 or x = 1 in p(x)
p(1) = (1)4 + 1 (2)
=1+1=2
Hence, we must be subtracted 2 from x 4 + 1 so that it is exactly divisible by (x – 1). (1)
Resultant polynomial for divisible by (x – 1)
= x4 + 1 – 2
= x 4 – 1. (1)

P O L Y N O M I A L S P-25
Value Based Questions
9. (i) (I) Possible length and breadth of the rectangle are the factors of its given area,
Area = 25a2 – 35a + 12
= 25a2 – 15a – 20a + 12
= 5a(5a – 3) – 4(5a – 3)
= (5a – 4)(5a – 3)
So, possible length and breadth are (5a – 3) and (5a – 4) units, respectively. (1)
(II) Area = 35y 2 + 13y – 12
= 35y 2 + 28y – 15y – 12
= 7y(5y + 4) – 3(5y + 4)
= (7y – 3)(5y + 4)
So, possible length and breadth are (7y – 3) and (5y + 4) units (1)
(ii) Factorisation of Polynomials (½)
(iii) Expression of one’s desires and news is very necessary. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-17


Section A
1. Let p(y) = 5y 3 – 2y 2 – 7y + 1 ½
then, remainder = p (0) = 0 – 0 – 0 + 1 = 1 ½

x2 + y2
2. = – 1 ⇒ x 2 + y 2 = – xy ½
xy
⇒ x 2 + y 2 + xy = 0 ½
x 3 – y 3 = (x – y) (x 2 + y 2 + xy)
= (x – y) (0)
=0
Section B
3. x 2 – 9 = (97)2 – (3)2 ½
= (97 + 3) (97 – 3) ½
= 100 × 94 ½
= 9400 ½
4. Area of rectangle = 25a2 – 35a + 12
= 25a2 – 20a – 15a + 12 (1)
= 5a(5a – 4) – 3(5a – 4) (½)
= (5a – 3) (5a – 4) = length × breadth (½)
∴ length and breadth are (5a – 3) and (5a – 4) respectively.
Section C
5. p(x) = x 6 – ax5 + x 4 – ax3 + 3x – a + 2
(x – a) is a factor of polynomial p(x), then
p(a) = 0 (1)
a6 – a × a5 + a4 – a × a3 + 3 × a – a + 2 = 0 (1)
a6 – a6 + a4 – a4 + 3a – a + 2 = 0 (½)
2a = – 2 ⇒ a = – 1. (½)

P-26 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
6. p(x) = 2x 3 – 5x 2 + px + b
x = 2 and x = 0 are zeroes of polynomial, then
p(2) = 2 × 2 3 – 5 × 2 2 + p × 2 + b = 0 (½)
⇒ 16 – 20 + 2 p + b = 0
⇒ 2p + b = 4 ...(i) (½)
and p(0) = 2 × 0 – 5 × 0 + p × 0 + b = 0 (½)
⇒ b =0 ... (ii) (½)
From (i) and (ii), we get
2p + 0 = 4 (½)
p = 4/2 = 2.
then, p = 2 and b = 0. (½)

Section D
7. Let q(x) = px 2 + 5x + r

(
(x – 2) and x −
1
2)are factors of q(x), then

q(2) = p(2)2 + 5 × 2 + r = 0
4p + 10 + r = 0 (1)
4p + r = – 10 ...(1) .

( 12 ) ()
2
q + 1 1
= p +5 × +r=0
2 2
p 5
+ +r=0 (1)
4 2
p
+ r = −5 ...(2) .
4 2
Subtracting eqn. (1) from eqn. (2), we get
p −5
+ r−4p−r = + 10
4 2
p − 16 p − 5 + 20
=
4 2
−15 p 15
= (1)
4 2
p = –2
From eqn. (1), 4 × (– 2) + r = – 10
r = – 10 + 8
r = – 2 = p. (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-18

Section A
1. p(0) = 0 – 3 × 0 + 2 = 2 ½
p(2) = 22 –3×2+2=4–6+2=0 ½
p(0) + p(2) = 2 + 0 = 2

P O L Y N O M I A L S P-27
 1  3 2 3 1 3
2.  x+ x +  = x + x + x + ½
 2  2 2 2 4
2 3
= x + 2x + ½
4
Section B
3. x 4 – y 4 = (x 2)2 – (y 2)2 (1)
= (x 2 – y 2) (x 2 + y 2) (½)
= (x – y) (x + y) (x 2 + y 2). (½)
4. (x + 2y)2 = x 2 + 4y 2 + 2 × x × 2y (1)
= 17 + 4 × 2 (½)
= 17 + 8 = 25
(x + 2y) = 25 = 5 . (½)
5. 249 × 251 = (250 – 1) (250 + 1) (½)
= (250)2 – (1)2 (½)
= 62500 – 1 (½)
= 62499. (½)
Section C
2 2
 2  1  2 1  2 1
6.  5a +  −  2a −  =  5a + + 2a −  5a + − 2a +  (1)
 3  3  3 3 3 3

 2 −1   2 +1
=  7a +   3a +  (1)
 3  3 

 1 3
=  7a +   3a +  (½)
 3 3

 1
=  7a +  (3a + 1) . (½)
 3
7. a+b+c =9 ½
(a + b + c)2 = 92 ½
2 2 2
a + b + c + 2(ab + bc + ca) = 81 ½
35 + 2(ab + bc + ca) = 81 ½
2(ab + bc + ca) = 81 – 35 = 46 ½
ab + bc + ca = 46/2 ½
ab + bc + ca = 23.
Section D
8. (a + b + c)2– (a – b – c)2 + 4b2– 4c2
= (a + b + c + a – b – c)(a + b + c – a + b + c) + (2b)2 – (2c)2 (1)
= 2a × (2b + 2c) + (2b – 2c)(2b + 2c) (1)
= (2b + 2c)(2a + 2b – 2c) (1)
= 2(b + c) × 2(a + b – c) (½)
= 4(b + c)(a + b – c). (½)
9. Let p(x) = x 3 + 2x 2 – 5ax – 8
and g(x) = x 3 + ax2 – 12x – 6

P-28 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
When p(x) and q(x) divided by (x – 2) and (x – 3) leave remainders p and q, then
p(2) = p and g(3) = q
p(2) = 2 3 + 2 × 2 2 – 5a × 2 – 8 (1½)
= 8 + 8 – 10a – 8
p(2) = 8 – 10a = p ...(1)
g(3) = 3 3 + a × 3 2 – 12 × 3 – 6
g(3) = 27 + 9a – 36 – 6
g(3) = – 15 + 9a = q (1½)
If q – p = 10
∴ – 15 + 9a – 8 + 10a = 10
19a – 23 = 10
19a = 33
33
a = . (1)
19
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-19

Section A
2 π π
1. Coefficient of x in expression x + x − 7 is 1
2 2
2. Put x + 1 = 0 ⇒ x = – 1 in given expression, so ½
f(– 1) = (– 1)11 + 101 = – 1 + 101 = 100 ½
Section B
3. m (m – 1) – n (n – 1) = m2 – m – n2 + n (½)
= m2 – n2 – m + n
= (m – n) (m + n) – (m – n) (1)
= (m – n) (m + n – 1). (½)
1
4. x− = 3
x
Squaring both sides, we get
2
 1
( 3)
2
x−  = (½)
 x
1 1
x2 + − 2 × x× =3 (1)
x2 x
1
x 2 + 2 = 3 + 2 = 5. (½)
x
5. p(x) = x 3 + x 2 + x + 1
1 1
Put x− = 0 ⇒ x = in p(x) (½)
2 2

P O L Y N O M I A L S P-29
1
Remainder = p   (½)
2
3 2
1 1 1
=   +   +  + 1 (½)
2 2 2
1 1 1
= + + +1
8 4 2
1+ 2+ 4+ 8 15
= = . (½)
8 8
Section C
6. p(x) = 3x 3 – 5x 2 + kx – 2
Remainder on dividing p(x) by (x + 2) is :
p(– 2) = 3(– 2)3 – 5(– 2)2 + k(– 2) – 2 (½)
= – 24 – 20 – 2 k – 2
= – 46 – 2k ...(1) (½)
q(x) = – x 3 – x 2 + 7x + k
Remainder on dividing q(x) by (x + 2) is :
q(– 2) = – (– 2)3 – (– 2)2 + 7(– 2) + k (½)
= 8 – 4 – 14 + k
= – 10 + k ...(2) (½)
Since remainders are same, then from eqs. (1) and (2), we have
– 46 – 2k = – 10 + k (½)
3k = – 36
k = – 12. (½)
7. x3 + y3 – 12xy + 64= (x)3 + (y)3 + (4)3 – 3 × (x) (y) (4) (1)
= (x + y + 4) (x 2 + y2 + 16 – xy – 4y – 4x) (1)
=0× (x 2 + y2 + 16 – xy – 4y – 4x) = 0 (1)
8. a6 – b6 1
(a3)2 – (b3)2 1
⇒ (a3 + b3) (a3 – b3) 1
Section D
9. x 3 – 8y 3 – 36xy – 216
= (x)3 + (– 2y)3 + (– 6)3 – 3(x)(– 2y)(– 6) (1)

= [x + (– 2y) + (– 6)][x 2 + (– 2y)2 + (– 6)2 – (x)(– 2y) – (– 2y)(– 6) – (x)(– 6)] (1)

= (x – 2y – 6) (x 2 + 4y 2 + 36 + 2xy – 12y + 6x) (½)

= 0 × [x 2 + 4y 2 + 36 + 2xy – 12y + 6x], (Q x = 2y + 6 or x – 2y – 6 = 0) (1)

∴ x 3 – 8y 3 – 36xy – 216 = 0. (½)


10. (a) 4a2 – 9b2 – 2a – 3b= (2a)2 – (3b)2 – (2a + 3b) (½)
= (2a – 3b) (2a + 3b) – (2a + 3b) (1)
= (2a + 3b) (2a – 3b – 1) (½)

P-30 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
(b) a2 + b2 – 2(ab – ac + bc)= a2 + b2 – 2ab + 2ac – 2bc (½)
= (a – b)2 + 2c(a – b) (½)
= (a – b) [(a – b) + 2c]
= (a – b) (a – b + 2c). (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-20

Section A
1. a3 + b3
+ – 3abcc3
= (a + b + c) (a2 + b2 + c2 – ab – bc – ca)
a + b + c3 – 3abc
3 3
= 0, as a + b + c = 0 ½
a3 + b3 + c3
= 3abc ½
2. (x – 2)3
= (x)3 – (2)3 – 3 × x × 2 (x – 2)
= x 3 – 8 – 6x 2 + 12x ½
coefficient of x 2 in the expension of (x – 2)3 = – 6. ½
Section B
3. Let x 2 + 7 = p and 2x – 1 = q, then given expression
= 12p 2 – 8pq – 15q2
= 12p 2 – 18pq + 10pq – 15q2 (½)
= 6p(2p – 3q) + 5q(2p – 3q) (½)
= (2p – 3q) (6p + 5q)
= [2(x 2 + 7) – 3(2x – 1)] [6(x 2 + 7) + 5(2x – 1)] (½)
= (2x 2 + 14 – 6x + 3) (6x 2 + 42 + 10x – 5)
= (2x 2 – 6x + 17) (6x 2 + 10x + 37). (½)
Section C
4. 2x 3 + 2y 3 + 2z3 – 6xyz= 2(x 3 + y 3 + z3 – 3xyz) (½)
= 2(x + y + z)(x 2 + y 2 + z2 – xy – yz – zx) (1)
= (x + y + z)(2x 2 + 2y 2 + 2z2 – 2xy – 2yz – 2zx) (½)
= (x + y + z)[x 2 + y 2 – 2xy + y 2 + z2 – 2yz + z2 + x 2 – 2zx] (½)
= (x + y + z)[(x – y)2 + (y – z)2 + (z – x)2]. Hence Proved. (½)

(a − b2 ) + ( b 2 − c 2 ) + ( c 2 − a2 )
2 3 3 3

5.
( a − b )3 + ( b − c )3 + ( c − a )3
Both Numerator and Denominator are of the form a3 + b3 + c3 (½)
We know that when a+b+c =0
Then a + b3 + c3 = 3abc
3 (½)
For Numerator a2 – b2 + b2 – c2 + c2 – a2 = 0
For Denominator a–b+b–c+c–a =0 (½)

(a 2
−b ) + (b
2 3 2
−c ) + (c
2 3 2
−a )
2 3
3 × ( a2 − b2 ) ( b2 − c2 ) (c 2 − a 2 )
∴ = (½)
( a − b )3 + ( b − c )3 + ( c − a )3 3 ( a − b ) (b − c ) (b − c )
( a − b) ( a + b) (b − c ) ( b + c ) ( c − a) ( c + a)
= ( a − b) ( b − c) ( c − a) (½)
= (a + b) (b + c) (c + a). (½)

P O L Y N O M I A L S P-31
6. p(x) = x 3 + 3x 2 – 2x + 4
p(2) = (2)3 + 3(2)2 – 2 × 2 + 4 (½)
= 8 + 12 – 4 + 4 = 20 (½)
p(– 2) = (– 2)3 + 3(– 2)2 – 2(– 2) + 4 (½)
= – 8 + 12 + 4 + 4 = 12 (½)
p(0) = 0 + 0 – 0 + 4 = 4 (½)
p(2) + p(– 2) – p(0) = 20 + 12 – 4 = 28. (½)
Section D
7. 2x 3 + 2y 3 + 2z3 – 6xyz= 2(x 3 + y 3 + z3 – 3xyz) (½)
= 2(x + y + z)(x 2 + y 2 + z2 – xy – yz – zx) (½)
= (x + y + z)(2x 2 + 2y 2 + 2z2 – 2xy – 2yz – 2zx) (½)
= (x + y + z)[x 2 + y 2 – 2xy + y 2 + z2 – 2yz + z2 + x 2 – 2zx] (½)
= (x + y + z)[(x – y)2 + (y – z)2 + (z – x)2]. Hence Proved. (½)
Now, 2(13) + 2(14)3 + 2(15)3 – 6 × 13 × 14 × 15
3

= (13 + 14 + 15)[(13 – 14)2 + (14 – 15)2 + (15 – 13)2] (½)


= 42 × [1 + 1 + 4] (½)
= 42 × 6 = 252. (½)
8.

3x + 1(Quotient)
x − 3x + 2 3x3 − 8x2 + 3x + 2
2

3x3 − 9x 2 + 6x
− + −
2
x − 3x + 2
– x2 m 3x ± 2 (2)
0 (Remainder)

Divisor × Quotient= (x 2 – 3x + 2) (3x + 1) (1)


= 3x 3 – 8x 2 + 3x + 2
∴ Dividend= Divisor × Quotient + Remainder (Division algorithm) (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-21

Section A
2
1  1
1. x2 + =  x +  − 2 = (4)2 – 2 = 16 – 2 = 14 1
x2  x

833 + 17 3 (83 + 17)(832 − 83 × 17 + 17 2 )


2. = = (83 + 17) = 100 1
832 − 83 × 17 + 172 (832 − 83 × 17 + 17 2 )
Section B
3. 2y 3 + y 2 – 2y – 1 = y 2 (2y + 1) – 1 (2y + 1) 1
= (2y + 1) (y 2
– 1) ½
= (2y + 1) (y – 1) (y + 1) ½

P-32 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
4. x 4 – 125xy 3 = x(x 3 – 125y 3) (½)
= x[(x)3 – (5y)3]
= x(x – 5y) [x 2 + (5y)2 + x × 5y] (1)
= x(x – 5y) (x 2 + 25y 2 + 5xy). (½)
Section C
1
5. x+ =3
x
3
 1
x+  = (3)3 (1)
 x
3
1 1 1 1
x3 +   + 3 × x ×  x +  = 27 ⇒ x 3 + 3 = 27 – 9 = 18 (2)
x x x x
6. Given a + b + c = 3x
or 3x – a – b – c = 0 (½)
∴ (x – a)3 + (x – b)3 + (x – c)3 – 3(x – a) (x – b) (x – c)
= [x – a + x – b + x – c][(x – a)2 + (x – b)2 + (x – c)2 – (x – a)(x – b) – (x – b)(x – c) – (x – a)(x – c)] (1½)
= [3x – a – b – c][(x – a)2 + (x – b)2 + (x – c)2 – (x – a)(x – b) – (x – b)(x – c) – (x – a)(x – c)] (½)
= 0 × [(x – a)2 + (x – b)2 + (x – c)2 – (x – a)(x – b) – (x – b)(x – c) – (x – c)(x – a)] = 0. (½)
7. (a2 – 2a)2 – 23(a2 – 2a) + 120= (a2 – 2a)2 – 15(a2 – 2a) – 8(a2 – 2a) + 120 (½)
= (a2 – 2a)[a2 – 2a – 15] – 8[a2 – 2a – 15] (½)
= (a2 – 2a – 15)(a2 – 2a – 8) (½)
= (a2 – 5a + 3a – 15)(a2 – 4a + 2a – 8) (½)
= [a(a – 5) + 3(a – 5)][a(a – 4) + 2(a – 4)] (½)
= (a – 5)(a + 3)(a – 4)(a + 2). (½)

Section D
8. (a + b + c)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2(ab + bc + ca) (1)
(6)2 = a2 + b2 + c2 + 2 × 11 (½)
a + b + c2 = 36 – 22 = 14
2 2 (½)
a3 + b3 + c3 – 3abc = (a + b + c) [a2 + b2 + c2 – (ab + bc + ca)] (1)
= 6 × (14 – 11) = 6 × 3 = 18. (1)
Alternative method.
a3 + b3 + c3 – 3abc = (a + b + c) [a2 + b2 + c2 – (ab + bc + ca)] (1)
= (a + b + c) [(a + b + c)2 – 3(ab + bc + ca)] (1)
= 6[6 2 – 3(11)] = 6[36 – 33) = 6 × 3 = 18. (2)
9. (2x + 3y)3 = (2x)3 + (3y)3
+ 3 × 2x × 3y(2x + 3y) (1)
= 8x 3
+ 27y 3
+ 18(2x 2y + 3xy 2) (1)
= 730 + 18 × 15 (½)
= 730 + 270 (½)
3
(2x + 3y) = 1000 (½)
2x + 3y = 3
1000 = 10. (½)
qq

P O L Y N O M I A L S P-33
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-22

Section A
1. Degree of x 3 + 5 = 3, Degree of 4 – x 5 = 5 ½
∴ Degree of (x 3 + 5) (4 – x 5) = 3 + 5 = 8 ½
2. a= 3 + b⇒ a– b = 3
(a – b)3 = 33 ⇒ a3 – b3 – 3ab (a – b) = 27 ½
⇒ a – b3 – 9ab = 27
3 ½
Section B

( )
3
64x 3 + 125 y 3 = (4 x ) + 5y
3
3. (½)

( 
) ( ) − 4x × 5y 
2
2
= 4 x + 5y (4 x ) + 5y (1)
 
= ( 4x + 5y ) 16x + 5y2 − 4 5xy  .
2
(½)
4. x 4y 4 – 256z4 = (x 2y 2)2 – (16z2)2 (½)
= ( x y − 16 z ) (x )
2 2 2 2 2 2
y + 16z (½)

= ( xy ) − (4z)   x y + 16z 


2 2 2 2 2
(½)

= ( xy − 4 z ) ( xy + 4 z) ( x y + 16z ) .
2 2 2
(½)

Section C
5. Let p(x) = 3x 3 + x 2 – 20x + 12
Given (3x – 2) is a factor of p(x).
3x – 2 ) 3x 3 + x 2 – 20x + 12 x2 + x − 6 (
3x 3 – 2x 2
– +
3x 2 – 20x + 12
2
–3x + – 2x (1½)
– 18x + 12
– 18x + 12
×
x 2 + x – 6 = x 2 + 3x – 2x – 6 (½)
= x(x + 3) – 2(x + 3) (½)
= (x + 3) (x – 2) (½)
The other factors are (x – 2) and (x + 3).
Section D
6.
3x + 4) 6x 4 + 11x 3 + 13x 2 – 3x + 27 ( 2x 3 + x 2 + 3x – 5 quotient (½)
4 3
–6x +–8x
3x 3 + 13x 2 (½)

3x 3 +

4x 2 (½)
9x 2 – 3x
2
–9x +– 12x (½)
– 15x + 27
– 15x – 20 (½)
+ –
47
Thus, quotient = 2x 3 + x 2 + 3x – 5 and remainder = 47.

P-34 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
7. R.H.S. = (x – y) (x 2 + y 2 + xy)= x 3 + xy 2 + x 2y – x 2y – y 3 – xy 2 (1)
= x3 – y3 = L.H.S. (1)

Now, 216x 3 – 125y 3 = (6x)3 – (5y)3 (½)

= (6x – 5y) [(6x)2 + (5y)2 + 6x × 5y] (1)

= (6x – 5y) (36x 2 + 25y 2 + 30xy]. (½)

qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-23

Section A
1. On expanding we get
1 3 8 3 12 2 6 2
⇒ x − y + xy − x y ½
27 27 27 27
x3 8 3 4 2 2 2
= − y + xy − x y ½
27 27 9 9
Section B
2. (2x – 3y + z)2 = [2x + (– 3y) + z]2 (½)
= (2x)2 + (– 3y)2 + z2 + 2 × 2x × (– 3y) + 2 × (– 3y) × z + 2 × 2x × z (1)
= 4x 2 + 9y 2 + z2 – 12xy – 6yz + 4xz. (½)
Section C

() ()
3 2
1 9 1
3. 27 p3 − − p2 + p = (3 p) 3 − 1 − 3 × (3 p)2 ×
1
+ 3 × 3p
1 (1½)
216 2 4 6 6 6
3
1 1 1
= (3p) −   − 3 × 3p ×  3p − 
3
(½)
6 6 6
3
 1
=  3p −  . (1)
 6
Section D
4. Let p(x) = x 2 + px + q and q(x) = x 2 + mx + n
Since x + a is a factor of p(x) and q(x), then p(– a) = 0 and q( – a) = 0 (1)
p(– a) = 0 ⇒ (– a)2 + p(– a) + q = 0
a2 – pa + q = 0 ...(1) (½)
2
q(– a) = 0 ⇒ (– a) + m(– a) + n = 0
a2 – ma + n = 0 ...(2) (½)
Subtracting eqn. (2) from eqn. (1), we get
a2 – pa + q – a2 + ma – n = 0 (1)
a(m – p) = n – q

n−q
a = . (1)
m− p

P O L Y N O M I A L S P-35
5. b =
1
=
1
×
(
5 −2 6 ) (½)
a (
5 +2 6 ) (
5 −2 6 )
=
( 5 − 2 6 ) = 5 −2 6 (½)
25 − 24

∴ a + b = 5 + 2 6 + 5 − 2 5 = 10 (½)

1 ⇒ ab = 1
Also b = (½)
a
a + b = (a + b)2 – 2ab
2 2 (½)
= (10)2 – 2 × 1
= 100 – 2 = 98 (½)
(a3 + b3) = (a + b)3 – 3ab(a + b) (½)
= (10)3 – 3 × 1 × 10
= 1000 – 30 = 970. (½)
6. Volume of cuboid = 8x 3 + 12x 2 – 2x – 3
= 4x 2(2x + 3) – 1 (2x + 3) (½)
= (2x + 3) (4x 2 – 1) (½)
= (2x + 3) (2x – 1) (2x + 1) (½)
The possible dimensions are (2x – 1), (2x + 1) and (2x + 3). (½)
Verification : For x = 5
Dimensions are (2 × 5 – 1), (2 × 5 + 1) and (2 × 5 + 3) i.e., 9, 11, 13 units. (½)
Volume = 9 × 11 × 13 = 1287 cubic units (½)
Given volume = 8(5)3 + 12(5)2 – 2(5) – 3 (½)
= 1000 + 300 – 10 – 3
= 1287 cubic units. (½)
7. x 4 + 2x 3y – 2xy 3 – y 4 = (x 2)2 – (y 2)2 + 2x 3y – 2xy 3 (½)
= (x 2 – y 2) (x 2 + y 2) + 2xy(x 2 – y 2) (1)
= (x 2 – y 2) (x 2 + y 2 + 2xy) (1)
= (x – y) (x + y) (x + y)2 (1)
= (x – y) (x + y)3. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-24

Section A
1. 4x 2 + 3x – 6
x + 1 ) 4x 3 + 7x 2 – 3x – 6
4x 3 + 4x 2
3x 2 – 3x So, quotient is 4x 2 + 3x – 6 1
3x 2 + 3x
– 6x – 6
– 6x – 6
×

P-36 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
3
p3 q3 +
343 3 7
2. = ( pq) +   ½
729 9
 7   2 2 49 7 pq 
=  pq +   p q + − ½
 9  81 9 

Section B
3 3 3
 8  1   1  x
3.   −   −  =
15 3
      5 75
512 1 1 x
⇒ − − = ½+½
3375 27 125 75
⇒ on solving we get, x =8 ½+½
Section C
4. Factors of 12 = (+ 1, + 2, + 3, + 4, + 6, + 12) (½)
p(x) = 6x 3 – 25x 2 + 32x – 12
p(2) = 6(2)3 – 25(2)2 + 32 × 2 – 12
= 48 – 100 + 64 – 12 = 112 – 112 = 0 (½)
∴ x = 2 is a zero of p(x) or (x – 2) is a factor of p(x) (½)
6x 3 – 25x 2 + 32x – 12 = 6x 2(x – 2) – 13x(x – 2) + 6(x – 2) (½)
= (x – 2)(6x 2 – 13x + 6)
= (x – 2)(6x 2 – 9x – 4x + 6) (½)
= (x – 2)[3x(2x – 3) – 2(2x – 3)]
= (x – 2)(2x – 3)(3x – 2). (½)
2
1 2 1 1 2
= ( x) +   + 2 × x × − 2x −
2
5. (i) x2 + 2 + 2 −2x − (1)
x x x x x
2
 1   1 
= x +  − 2  x +  (1)
 x  x
 1  1 
= x + x + −2 . (1)
 x  x 
(ii) x 4 – x 4 = (x 2)2 – (y 2)2
= (x 2 + y 2) (x 2 – y 2)
= (x 2 + y 2) (x – y) (x + y)
Section D
6. Let p(x) = ax4 + 2x 3 – 3x 2 + bx – 4
x 2 – 4 or (x – 2) (x + 2) is a factor of p(x), then put x = 2 in p(x)
p(2) = a(2)4 + 2(2)3 – 3(2)2 + b × 2 – 4 = 0 x2 + 2 x + 1
16a + 16 – 12 + 2b – 4 = 0 x2 − 4 x 4 + 2 x 3 − 3 x 2 − 8x − 4
16a + 2b = 0
8a + b = 0 x4 − 4x2 ...(1) (1)
− +
Again put x = – 2 in p(x)
p(– 2) = a(– 2)4 + 2(– 2)3 – 3(– 2)2 + b × – 2 – 4 = 0 2x3 + x2 − 8x − 4
2x3 − 8x
16a – 16 – 12 – 2 b – 4 = 0
− +
16a – 2b = 32 (1)
x2 − 4
8a – b = 16 ...(2) .
x2 − 4
Adding eqs. (1) and (2)
− +
16a = 16 ⇒ a = 1 0 (½)

P O L Y N O M I A L S P-37
By equation (1)
8×1+b= 0⇒b=–8 (½)
p(x) =x4 + 2x 3
– 3x 2
– 8x – 4
2 2
= (x – 4) (x + 2x + 1) (1)
= (x – 2) (x + 2) (x + 1)2.
7. Let f(x) = ax3 – 3x 2 + 4
and g(x) = 2x 3 – 5x + a
When divided by (x – 2)
f(2) = p and g(2) = q (1½)
f(2) = a × 23 – 3 × 2 2 + 4
p = 8a – 12 + 4
p = 8a – 8 ...(1)
g(2) = 2 × 23 – 5 × 2 + a
q = 16 – 10 + a (1½)
q =6+a ...(2)
p – 2q = 4, (given)
8a – 8 – 12 – 2 a =4
6a – 20 =4
a = 4. (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-25

Section A
1. The zero of a polynomial is
p(0) = 3(0)2 + 2(0) – 1 = – 1 1
2. 4x 3
– x8
+ 20 – 5x 5
∴ degree = 8 1
Section B
3. 8 – 27a3 – 36a + 54a2 1
(2)3 – (3a)3 – 3(2)2 (3a) + 3 (3a)2 (2) ½
= (2 – 3a)3 ½
4. a2 + 4b2 + 9c2 + 4ab + 12bc + 6ac – a2 – 4b2 – 9c2 + 4ab – 12bc + 6ac – 6b2 – 9b 1
= 8ab + 12ac – 6b2 – 9b 1
Section D
5.
(2)
x 2 + 3x − 6
x + 1 x3 + 4 x2 − 3 x − 10
3
−x + − x2
3x 2 − 3x − 10
2
− 3 x +− 3 x
− 6x − 10
+ − 6x − + 6
−4 = Remainder

P-38 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Verification :
Let f(x) = x 3 + 4x 2 – 3x – 10 (1)
By remainder theorem, remainder
f(– 1) = (– 1)3 + 4(– 1)2 – 3(– 1) – 10
= – 1 + 4 + 3 – 10 = – 4. (1)

6. Let p(x) = bx 3 + 3x 2 – 3
Put x – 4 = 0 or x = 4 in p(x), we get
p(4) = b(4)3 + 3(4)2 – 3 = R1 (½)
64b + 48 – 3 = R1
64b + 45 = R1 (½)
Let q(x) = 2x 3 – 5x + b
Again put x – 4 = 0 or x = 4 in q(x), we get
q(4) = 2(4)3 – 5(4) + b = R2 (½)
= 128 – 20 + b = R2
108 + b = R2
Given that 2R1 – R2 = 0 (½)
⇒ 2(64b + 45) – (108 + b) = 0 (1)
128b + 90 – 108 – b = 0 (½)
127b – 18 = 0
18
b = . (½)
127
7. (x + y)3 + (y + z)3 + (z + x)3 – 3(x + y)(y + z)(z + x)
= (x + y + y + z + z + x) [(x + y)2 + (y + z)2 + (z + x)2
– (x + y)(y + z) – (y + z)(z + x) – (x + y)(z + x)]
= 2(x + y + z)[x 2 + y 2 + 2xy + y 2 + z2 + 2yz + z2 + x 2 + 2zx
– xy – xz – y 2 – yz – yz – xy – z 2 – zx – xz – x 2 – yz – xy]
= 2(x + y + z) [x 2 + y 2 + z2 – xy – yz – zx]
= 2(x 3 + y 3 + z3 – 3xyz). (1+1+1+1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-26

Section A
1. (x + y + z) (x 2 + y 2 + z2 + 2xy + 2yz + 2xz)
⇒ It is the expandable form of ½
(x + y + z)3 ½
Section B
2. (2x)3 + (3y)3 = (2x + 3y) (4x 2 + 9y 2 – 6xy)
= (8) (4x 2 + 9y 2 – 12) 1
= 32x 2 + 72y 2 – 96 1
Section C
3. (x 2 – 4x)(x 2 – 4x – 1) – 20 = (x 2 – 4x)2 – (x 2 – 4x) – 20 (½)
= (x 2 – 4x)2 – 5(x 2 – 4x) + 4(x 2 – 4x) – 20 (½)
= (x 2 – 4x)[x 2 – 4x – 5] + 4[x 2 – 4x – 5] (½)

P O L Y N O M I A L S P-39
= (x 2 – 4x – 5) (x 2 – 4x + 4)
= (x 2 – 5x + x – 5)[(x)2 – 2 × 2 × x + (2)2] (½)
= [x(x – 5) + 1(x – 5)][x – 2]2 (½)
= (x – 5)(x + 1) (x – 2)(x – 2). (½)
Section D
4. g(x) = x 2 – 3x + 2
= x 2 – 2x – x + 2
= x(x – 2) – 1(x – 2)
= (x – 2)(x – 1) (1)
Zero of x – 2 is 2
Zero of x – 1 is 1
f(x) = 2x 4 – 6x 3 + 3x 2 + 3x – 2
f(2) = 2(2 4) – 6(2 3) + 3(2 2) + 3(2) – 2 (1)
= 32 – 48 + 12 + 6 – 2 = 0
f(1) = 2(1)4 – 6(1)3 + 3(1)2 + 3(1) – 2 (1)
=2–6+3+3–2=0
⇒ (x – 1) and (x – 2) are factors of f(x).
∴ f(x) is exactly divisible by g(x). (1)
5. (x + y + z)2 = x 2 + y 2 + z2 + 2(xy + yz + zx) (1)
(10)2 = 40 + 2(xy + yz + zx)
100 – 40 = 2(xy + yz + zx) (1)
60
xy + yz + zx = = 30 (½)
2
and x 3 + y 3 + z3 – 3xyz = (x + y + z) [x 2 + y 2 + z2 – (xy + yz + zx)] (1)
= 10 [40 – 30]

= 10 × 10 = 100. (½)
6. x –3 =0⇒x =3 ½
=a (3)3 + 4(3)2 + 3 (3) – 4 ½
= 27a + 41 ...(1) 1
= (3)3– 4(3) + a
= 15 + a ...(2) ½
As (1) = (2)
∴ 27a + 41 = 15 + a ½
a ⇒–1 1
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-27

Section A
1. ∴ Given x + 2 = 0 ⇒ x = – 2
3(– 2)3 – 5 (– 2)2 + k (– 2) – 2 = – (– 2)3 – (– 2)2 + 7 (– 2) + k
– 24 – 20 – 2k – 2 = + 8 – 4 – 14 + k ½
k = – 12 ½

P-40 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section B
2. (x + 2)2 + p 2 + 2p(x + 2) = (x + 2)2 + (p)2 + 2 × (x + 2) × p (1)
= (x + 2 + p)2, [Q a2 + b2 + 2ab = (a + b)2] (1)
Section C
3. 250x 3 – 432y 3 = 2[125x 3 – 216y 3] (½)
= 2[(5x)3 – (6y)3] (½)
= 2(5x – 6y) [(5x)2 + (6y)2 + 5x × 6y] (1½)
= 2(5x – 6y) (25x 2 + 36y 2 + 30xy). (½)
4. p(x) = x3 – 3x 2 – 9x – 5
Put x = – 1
p(– 1) = (– 1)3 – 3(– 1)2 – 9(– 1) – 5 (½)
=–1–3+9–5
=0 (½)
Hence, (x + 1) is a factor of p(x), then
x 3 – 3x 2 – 9x – 5 = x 2(x + 1) – 4x(x + 1) – 5(x + 1) (½)
= (x + 1) (x 2 – 4x – 5) (½)
= (x + 1) (x 2 – 5x + x – 5)
= (x + 1) [x(x – 5) + 1(x – 5)] (½)
= (x + 1) (x – 5) (x + 1). (½)

Section D
5. (a + b)3 + (a – b)3 + 6a(a2 – b2) = (a + b)3 + (a – b)3 + 3 × 2a (a – b)(a + b) (1)
= (a + b)3 + (a – b)3 + 3(a + b)(a – b)[(a + b) + (a – b)] (1)
= [(a + b) + (a – b)]3 (1)
= (2a)3
= 8a3 (1)
6. p3 – q3 = (p – q)(p 2 + q2 + pq) (1)
= (p – q)[(p – q)2 + 3pq] (1)

10   10  5
2

=    + 3×  (1)
9  9  3

10  100 
= + 5
9  81 
10  100 + 405 
=
9  81 

5050
= . (1)
729
7. Let p(x) = 2x – 5x 2 + x + 2
3

Put x = 1 in p(x)
p(1) = 2(1)3 – 5(1)2 + 1 + 2
=2–5+1+2=0 (1)
Hence, (x – 1) is a factor of p(x).

P O L Y N O M I A L S P-41
Put x = 2 in p(x)
p(2) = 2(2)3 – 5(2)2 + 2 + 2
= 16 – 20 + 2 + 2 = 0 (1)
Hence, (x – 2) is a factor of p(x).
1
Put x = − in p(x) (1)
2
 1 3 2
p  −  = 2 ×  − 1  − 5 − 1  + − 1 
+ 2 (1)
 2  2  2  2 
1 1 1
= − 2 × −5 × − + 2
8 4 2

1 5 1
=− − − +2
4 4 2

−1 − 5 − 2 + 8
= =0
4
Hence, (2x + 1) is a factor of p (x).

8. p(x) = x 3 – 2x 2 – 5x + 6
Put x = 1 in p(x)
p(1) = (1)3 – 2(1)2 – 5 × 1 + 6 (1)
=1–2–5+6
=0
Hence, (x – 1) is a factor of p(x), then
x 3 – 2x 2 – 5x + 6 = x 2(x – 1) – x(x – 1) – 6(x – 1) (1)
= (x – 1)(x 2 – x – 6) (½)
= (x – 1)(x 2 – 3x + 2x – 6) (½)
= (x – 1)[x(x – 3) + 2(x – 3)] (½)
= (x – 1)(x – 3)(x + 2). (½)
qq

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-28

Section A
This worksheet contains Activities which are to be perform in the class itself.
qq

P-42 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
3 INTRODUCTION TO EUCLID’S GEOMETRY

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-29

Section A
1. AB + BC = AC
x + 3 + 2x = 4x – 5
⇒ 3x + 3 = 4x – 5 ½
⇒ 4x – 3x = 3 + 5 ⇒ x = 8 ½
Section B
2. AC = BD (given)
AB + BC = BC + CD 1
AB = CD 1
3. (a) Infinite if they are collinear. 1
(b) Only one if they are non-collinear. 1
Section C
A
4. Given, E
AC = DC and CB = CE C 1
AC + CB = CD + CE 1
⇒ AB = DE B 1
5. Since, x + y = 10 and x = z, D

Q x+y =z+y 1
⇒ 10 = z + y 1
Hence, z + y = 10. 1
Section D
6. To prove : ∠A > ∠C 1
D
Cons. : Join AC
Proof : In ∆ DAC, CD > AD
∠1 > ∠3 ...(i) 1
A 1
In ∆ ABC : BC > AB 2
∠2 > ∠4 ...(ii) 1
3
Adding equations (1) and (2), we get B 4
C
∠1 + ∠2 > ∠3 + ∠4
∠A > ∠C 1
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-30

Section A
1. Dimensions of surface = Length and Breadth which is 2. 1

I N T R O D U C T I O N T O E U C L I D ’ S . . . P-43
Section B
2. AC = DC
CB = CE (given)
Adding AC + CB = DC + CE ½
AB = DE ½
If equals are added to equals, the wholes also equal. 1
3.
A

P B
Let AB be a ⊥ to a line L and AP is any other line segment.
In right ∆ ABP, ∠B > ∠P (Q ∠B = 90º) 1
⇒ AP > AB or AB < AP 1
Section C
4. Since, ∠1 = ∠3 and ∠2 = ∠4, therefore
⇒ ∠1 + ∠2 = ∠3 + ∠4 1
⇒ ∠BAD = ∠BCD 1
⇒ ∠A = ∠C 1
Section D
5. (i) The terms need to be defined are :
Polygon : A simple closed figure made up of three or more line segments. (1)
Line segment : Part of a line with two end points.
Line : Undefined term.
Point : Undefined term.
Angle : A figure formed by two rays with a common initial point.
Ray : Part of a line with one end point.
Right angle : Angle whose measure is 90°.
Undefined terms used are : Line, Point. (1)
Euclid’s fourth postulate says that ‘‘all right angles are equal to one another.’’
In a square, all angles are right angles, therefore, all angles are equal (From Euclid’s fourth
postulate).
Three line segments are equal to fourth line segment. (Given)
Therefore, all the four sides of a square are equal (by Euclid’s first axiom ‘‘things which are equal
to the same thing are equal to one another.’’) (2)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-31

Section A
1. Only one line can pass through two distinct point : 1

B
A

P-44 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section B
2. There are two undefined terms, line and point. They are consistent, because they deal with two
different situations.
(i) Says that given two points be A and B, there is a point C, lying on the line which is between
them. (1)
(ii) Says that given A and B, we can take C not lying on the line passing through A and B.
These ‘Postulates’ do not follow from Euclid’s postulates.
However, (ii) follow from given postulate (i). (1)
3. AB = BC (given)
Q AX + BX = BY + CY
Since, BX = BY ½
∴ AX + BY = BY + CY ½
AX = CY
Axiom : If equals are subtracted from the equals, the remainders are equals. 1
Section C
1 1
4. Here, OX = XY, PX = XZ (1)
2 2
⇒ XY = 2(OX), XZ = 2(PX)

O P

Y Z

Also, OX = PX, (Given) (1)


XY = XZ,
(Because things which are double of the same things are equal to one another.) (1)
Section D
5. (i) False : Because infinitely many lines can pass through a single point. (½)
(ii) False : Because only one line can pass through two
distinct points.
A B (1)
(iii) True : Because a terminated line i.e., line segment AB can
be produced indefinitely on both the sides (Euclid’s
postulate 2).
A B (1) P
(iv) True : Two circles are equal if :
(a) their circumferences are equal, or (1)
(b) their radii are equal.
(v) True : Things which are equal to the same thing are equal to one another (Euclid’s axioms).
(½)

I N T R O D U C T I O N T O E U C L I D ’ S . . . P-45
Value based question
6. (i) The terms need to be defined are :
Polygon : A simple closed figure made up of three or more line segments. (1)
Line segment : Part of a line with two end points.
Line : Undefined term.
Point : Undefined term.
Angle : A figure formed by two rays with a common initial point.
Ray : Part of a line with one end point.
Right angle : Angle whose measure is 90°.
Undefined terms used are : Line, Point. (1)
Euclid’s fourth postulate says that ‘‘all right angles are equal to one another.’’
In a square, all angles are right angles, therefore, all angles are equal (From Euclid’s fourth
postulate).
Three line segments are equal to fourth line segment. (Given)
Therefore, all the four sides of a square are equal (by Euclid’s first axiom ‘‘things which are
equal to the same thing are equal to one another.’’) (1)
(ii) Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry. (½)
(iii) Equality leads to democracy. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-32

Section A
1. To form a straight line. 1
Section B
1
2. Axion : If C be mid-point of line AB, then AC = AB
2
1 1
AC = AB ⇒ AD = AC 1
2 2
1 1 
⇒ AD =  AB  ½
22 
1
⇒ AD = AB ½
4
3. x – 15 = 25
On adding 15 to both sides, we have
x – 15 + 15 = 25 + 15 (½)
x = 40 (½)
Euclid’s Axiom : If equals are added to equals, the wholes are equal. (1)
4.
Let AB has 2 mid points, say X and Y, then (½)
AB AB
= AX and = AYY (½)
2 2
∴ AX= AY (Things which are equal to the same thing are equal to one another) (½)
Hence, X and Y coincide. Thus, every line segment has one and only one mid point. (½)

P-46 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section C
5. Given, ∠ABC = ∠ACB
⇒ ∠1 + ∠4 = ∠2 + ∠3 (1)
⇒ ∠1 + ∠4 – ∠4 = ∠2 + ∠3 – ∠3 (As ∠3 = ∠4) (1)
⇒ ∠1 = ∠2. (1)
6. AB = 2AE (E is the mid point of AB) (1)
CD = 2DF (F is the mid point of CD) (1)
Also AE = DF (Given)
Therefore AB = CD (Things which are double of the same thing are equal to one another) (2)
Value based question
7. (i) If a straight line l falls on two straight lines m and n such that the sum of the interior angles
on one side of l is two right angles then by Euclid’s fifth postulate the lines will not meet on this
side of l. Next, we know that the sum of the interior angles on the other side of line l will also be
two right angles, Therefore, they will not meet on the other side also. So, the lines m and n never
meet and are, therefore, parallel. (2)
(ii) Introduction to Euclid’s Geometry. (½)
(iii) Universal truth. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-33

Section A
1. Only one line can pass through two distinct points. 1
Section B
2. AB = AD
AC = AD ½
AB = AC ½
Axiom : Things which are equal to the same thing are equal. 1
3. Given : ∠1 = ∠4 and ∠3 = ∠2
Again ∠2 = ∠4 ½
Axiom : Things which are equal to the same thing are equal to one another, 1
∴ ∠1 = ∠3 ½
4. In a circle, having centre at P, we have
PR = PQ = radius (½)
In a circle having centre at Q, we have
QR = QP = radius (½)
Euclid’s first axiom : Things which are equal to the same thing are equal to one another. (½)
∴ PR = PQ = QR. (½)
Section C
5. Given, C is the mid-point of AB.
∴ AC = CB …(1) (1)
If possible, let D be another mid-point of AB.
∴ AD = DB A D C B …(2) (1)

I N T R O D U C T I O N T O E U C L I D ’ S . . . P-47
Now, subtracting (1) from (2), we get
AD – AC = DB – CB
⇒ – CD = CD
⇒ 2CD = 0
⇒ CD = 0
∴ C and D coincide.
Hence, every line segment has one and only one mid-point. (1)
6. Given,: AC = BC (1)

A C B (1)
So, AC + AC = AC + BC (Equals are added to equals)
(.. AC + CB coincides with AB)
.
⇒ 2AC = AB,
1
∴ AC = AB. (1)
2
Section D
7. Given : Three lines l, m and n in a plane such that l || m and m || n. (1)
To prove : l || n.
Proof : If possible, let l be not parallel to n, then l and n should intersect in a unique point, say A.
(1)
l
m
n

Thus, through a point A, outside m, there are two lines l and n, both parallel to m. (1)
This contradicts the parallel line axiom.
So, our assumption is wrong.
Hence, l || n.
8. ∠1 = ∠2 ...(1) (½)
∠3 = ∠4 ...(2) (½)
Adding (1) + (2), we get
∠1 + ∠3 = ∠2 + ∠4 (½)
∠ABC = ∠DBC (½)
Euclid’s axiom used : If equals are added to equals, wholes are equal. (1)
qq

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-34

(B) Match
1. D
2. E
3. A
4. F
5. C
6. H
7. G
8. B
qq

P-48 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
4 LINES AND ANGLES

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-35

Section A
1. Let ∠a = 2x, ∠b = 3x
Then 2x + 3x = 5x = 180° (½)
x = 36°
∠a = 2x = 72°
∠h + ∠a = 180° (Corresponding exterior angles) (½)
∠h = 180° – 72° = 108°.
Section B
4 4
2. of a right angle = × 90º = 120º 1
3 3
Supplement of 120º = 180º – 120º = 60º. 1
Section C
3. ∠BMN + ∠DNM = 180°, (Interior angles) (1)

∠BMN ∠ DNM 180°


⇒ + = ⇒ ∠1 + ∠2 = 90° (1)
2 2 2
∠1 + ∠2 + ∠3 = 180° ⇒ ∠3 = 90°.
PM and PN intersect at right angle. (1)

Section D
4. AB || DC
y + 35° + 80° = 180° (Corresponding interior angles) (1)
y = 180° – 115°
y = 65° (½)
∠ABD = ∠CDB ⇒ x = 35° (Alternate angles) (1)
In ∆BCD,
35° + y – 30° + z = 180° (1)
z = 180° – 5° – y
z = 175 – 65°
z = 110°. (½)

L I N E S A N D A N G L E S P-49
Value based question
1
5. (i) ∠TOP = ∠TOB (½)
2
1
∠ORS = ∠ORD (½)
2
But ∠TOB = ∠ORD (l || m and corresponding angles) (½)
∴ ∠TOP = ∠ORS (½)
But they are corresponding angles w.r.t. transversal TR and lines OP and RS.
Hence, OP || RS. (½)

(½)

(ii) Lines and angles. (½)


(iii) Bisectoring among human beings gives rise to deterioration in the society. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-36

Section A
1. In ∆ABC, ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180º
Also, in ∆ DEF, ∠D + ∠E + ∠F = 180º ½
∴ ∠A + ∠B + ∠C + ∠D + ∠E + ∠F = 360º
= 4 × 90º ⇒ k = 4 ½
Section B
2. In ∆ ABC, ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180º
2x – 5º + 5x + 5º + 3x + 50º = 180º
10x + 50º = 180º ⇒ x = 13º 1
∠A = 2x – 5º = 26º – 5º = 21
∠B = 5x + 5º = 65º + 5º = 70º 1
∠C = 3x + 50º = 39º + 50º = 89º
Section C
3. Given, ∠POR : ∠ROQ = 5 : 7,
Let ∠POR = 5x
∠ROQ = 7x ⇒ 5x + 7x = 180º ⇒ 12x = 180º 1
x = 15º
∠POR = d = b = 5x = 5 × 15º = 75º 1
∠ROQ = c = a = 7x = 7 × 25º = 105º 1

P-50 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section D
4. 4b + 75º + b = 180º
5b = 180º – 75º = 105º (Linear pair) 1
105º
b = = 21º 1
5
4b = 4 × 21º = 84º ⇒ a = 4b = 84º 1
2c + a = 180º
⇒ 2c = 180º – 84º = 96º ⇒ c = 48º 1
Value based question
5. (i) Two plane mirrors PQ and RS are placed parallel to each other i.e. PQ || RS. An incident ray
AB after reflection takes the path BC and CD.
BN and CM are the normals to the plane mirrors PQ and RS respectively. (½)

Since BN ⊥ PQ, CM ⊥ RS and PQ || RS (½)


∴ BN ⊥ RS ⇒ BN || CM (½)
Thus BN and CM are two parallel lines and transversal BC cuts them at B and C respectively.
∴ ∠2 = ∠3
But ∠1 = ∠2 and ∠3 = ∠4
∴ ∠1 + ∠2 = ∠2 + ∠2 and ∠3 + ∠4 = ∠3 + ∠3 (½)
⇒ ∠1 + ∠2 = 2 (∠2) and ∠3 + ∠4 = 2(∠3)
⇒ ∠1 + ∠2 = ∠3 + ∠4 (½)
⇒ ∠ABC = ∠BCD.
Thus, lines AB and CD are intersected by transversal BC, such that
∠ABC = ∠BCD
i.e. alternate interior angles are equal.
Therefore, AB || CD (½)
(ii) Lines and angles (½)
(iii) Similarity leads to unanimity. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-37

Section A
1. No, The following statement is not correct because ∠2 and ∠8 are not supplementary. 1
Section B
2. ∠1 = ∠x = 75º (Alternate angles) ½
∠2 = 180º – x = 180º – 75º = 105º 1
1
∠2 = 105º = 75º + 30º = 75º + × 90º ½
3

L I N E S A N D A N G L E S P-51
Section C
3. Since AC || DE, ∠ACB = ∠DEC ½
∴ y = 55º (Corresponding angles) 1
∠ABC = 180º – (70º + 55º) = 55º ½
∴ x = ∠ABC = 55º (Corresponding angles) 1
Section D
4. y + 20º = 58º (Cross angle)
y = 58º – 20º = 38º 1½
∠PRQ = 180º – (58º + 22º) (Linear pair)
= 180º – 80º = 100º (Angle sum property) 1½
x = 180º – (100º + 38º)
= 180º – 138º = 42º 1
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-38

Section A
1. x + 10º + x + x + 20º = 180º
3x = 180º – 30º = 150º ½
150º
x = = 50º ½
3
Section B
2. ∠FEC + ∠DCE = 155º + 25º = 180º ½
(Angle on the same side of transversal)
⇒ EF || CD ½
∠BCD = ∠BCE + ∠ECD
= 35º + 25º = 60º = ∠ABC (Alternate angles) ½
∴ AB || CD
So, AB || CD || EF
Thus, AB || EF ½
Section C
3. 5x – 20º + 2x – 10º = 180º
7x = 180º + 30º = 210º
x = 30º 1
y = 180º – (5x – 20º) = 180º – (150º – 20º)
y = 180º – 130º = 50º 1
z = 2x – 10º
= 60º – 10º = 50º 1

P-52 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section D
4. ∠ACD = ∠ABC = x (say) ½
∠BCD = ∠CPD = y (say) ½
∠APC = x + y (Exterior angle) 1½
∠ACP = x + y 1
∠ACP = ∠APC ½
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-39

Section A
1. x + 50º + 90º = 180º ⇒ x = 40º ½
q = x = 40º ½

Section B
2. ∠a = 2x and ∠b = 3x
∠a + ∠b = 90º
⇒ 2x + 3x = 90º
x = 18º
a = 2 × 18º = 36º ½
b = 3 × 18º = 54º ½
c = 180º – b = 180º – 54º ½
= 126º ½
Section C
3. Draw AS ⊥ to PQ
Draw ⊥ from A to M
In ∆ PSA Q

∠ PSA + ∠SAP + ∠ APS = 180°


90° + ∠SAP + 15° = 180° S (1)
∠ SAP = 75°
∠ BAS = 75° + 35°
= 110°
∠ NMA = 90°
∠ BMA = 90° – 10°
= 80° (1)
(Exterior angle) ∠ BAS = ∠ ABM + ∠ AMB
110° = x + 80°
x = 30° (1)

L I N E S A N D A N G L E S P-53
Section D
4. x = 42° (Alternate angles) (1)
∠1 = 24° + 42° = 66° (Exterior Angle) (½)
y = ∠1 = 66° (Q CE = AC) (1)
z z = 180° – (x + y) = 180° – 108° (1)
= 72°. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-40

Section A
1. AB = AC
∴ ∠C = ∠B
Then, ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180º ½
50º + ∠B + ∠B = 180º ½
2∠B = 130º ⇒ ∠B = 65
Section B
2. Let x = 3k, y = 2k
Then, x + y = 3k + 2k = 180º ½
(Angle on the same side of transversed)
5k = 180º
k = 36º
∴ x = 3k = 108º (½)
y = 2k = 72º (½)
Thus, ∠z = ∠x = 108°. (½)
Section C
3.

∠ACD = ∠A + ∠B (Exterior angle is the sum of opp. interior angle) (½)


1 ∠A + ∠B
ext. ∠ACD =
2 2 2
1
∠2 = ∠1 + ∠A ...(1) (½)
2
Also, ∠2 = ∠1 + ∠E(Exterior angle is the sum of opp. interior angle) ...(2) (½)
From eqs. (1) and (2), we get (½)
∠A
∴ ∠1 + = ∠1 + ∠E (1)
2
∠A
∠E = . Proved.
2

P-54 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section D
4. Since, AE || DC
∠D + ∠1 = 180° (Angles on the same side of transversal)
∠1 = 180° – 110° = 70° (1)
∠4 = ∠1 = 70° (Alternate angles) (½)
Again, 97° + ∠2 = 180° (Angle on the same side of transversal) (½)
∠2 = 180° – 97° = 83°
∠3 = ∠2 = 83° (Vertically opp. angles) (½)
In ∆BEF,
∠3 + ∠4 + ∠EBF = 180° (Angle sum property) (1)
83° + 70° + ∠EBF = 180°
∠EBF = 180° – 153°
∠EBF = 27°. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-41

Section A
1. AB = AC ⇒ ∠ACB = ∠B ⇒ 80º + ∠ACB + ∠B = 180º ½
2 ∠ACB = 100 ⇒ ∠ACB = 50º, Again, ∠ACB + x = 180º ½
50º + x = 180º ⇒ x = 130º
Section B
2. x + y + z + w = 360° (1)
(x + y) + (z + w) = 360°
x + y + x + y = 360° (Since z + w = x + y) (½)
∴ 2(x + y) = 360°
x + y = 180°
⇒ AOB is a straight line. (½)
Section C
3. EF ⊥ CD ⇒ ∠CFE = 90° (1)
90° + z = ∠CFG
z = 130° – 90°
= 40° (1)
x = ∠CFG (Alt. int. angles)
= 130°
x + y = 180° (Linear pair) (1)
130° + y = 180°
y = 50°.
4. In ∆ABC,
∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180° (½)
∠A + ∠C = 180° – ∠B = 180° – 90° = 90° (½)

1
(∠A + ∠C) = 45° (½)
2

L I N E S A N D A N G L E S P-55
In ∆AOC,
1 1
∠A + ∠C + ∠AOC = 180° (½)
2 2
45° + ∠AOC = 180° (½)
∠AOC = 180° – 45° = 135°. (½)
Section D
5. To prove : Sum of all the angles of ∆ABC is 180°. (1)
Construction : Draw a line l parallel to BC.
Proof : Since l||BC, we have ∠2 = ∠y (Alternate angles are equal) ... (i) (1)
Similarly l||BC
∠1 = ∠z (Alternate angles are equal) ...(ii)
Also, sum of angles at a point A on line l is 180°. (½)
∴ ∠2 + ∠x + ∠1 = 180°
i.e. ∠y + ∠x + ∠z = 180° (from (i) and (ii))
∴ ∠x + ∠y + ∠z = 180° (½)
∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°
Sum of all angles of a ∆ is 180° (1)
∴ 5x + 6x + 7x = 180° ⇒ x = 10°
Angles are 50°, 60° and 70°. Hence proved.
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-42

Section A
1. Since, 110º + x + 120º = 360º ½
∴ x = 360º – 230º = 130º ½
Section B
2. 3z – 42° = 2z + 13° (Alternate interior angles)
z = 42° + 13° (½)
z = 55° (½)
∠DNM = 2z + 13° = 110° + 13° = 123° (½)
∠CNM = 180° – ∠DNM
= 180° – 123° = 57°. (½)
Section C
3. y = 88° (Corresponding angles) (½)

a = 180° – 88° = 92° (Linear Pair) (½)

b = 180° – 110° = 70° (Linear Pair) (½)

x = 180° – (92 + 70)°, (Angle sum property) (½)

= 180° – 162° (½)

= 18°. (½)

P-56 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
4. Given AB || CD, CD || EF, EA⊥ AB. (½)
∠BEF = 55°
y = 180° – 55° = 125° (Co-interior angles) (½)
x = y = 125° (Corresponding angles) (½)
EA ⊥ AB
∴ z = 90° – 55° = 35°. (½)
Section D
5. Ext. angle ∠PBC = x + z
2∠OBC = x + z (½)
Ext. angle ∠QCB = x + y
2∠OCB = x + y (½)
∠BOC + ∠OCB + ∠OBC = 180° (Angle sum property) (1)
A
2∠BOC + 2∠OCB + 2∠OBC = 360°
x
2∠BOC + x + y + x + z = 360°
2∠BOC + 180° + x = 360° y
R z
C
2∠BOC = 180° – x° (1)
1
∠BOC = 90° – x. (1)
2
P Q qq
O

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-43

This worksheet contains activities which due to be perform in the class itself.
qq

L I N E S A N D A N G L E S P-57
5 TRIANGLES

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-44

Section A
1. ∠ABC = 180º – 125º = 55º ½
AB = AC ½
So, ∠ABC = ∠ACB = 55°
In ∆ABC ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°
x + 55° + 55° = 180°
x = 70°
Section B
2. In ∆PQS and ∆PRS
PQ = PR (given) ½
P
PS = PS (Common)
∠PSQ = ∠PSR = 90º ½
By R.H.S. rule, ∆PQS ≅ ∆PRS ½
⇒ ∆QPS = ∆RPS Q S R
Hence, PS bisects ∠P (by c.p.c.t) ½
3. In ∆ABP and ∆ACP, AB = AC (Given) (½)
AP = AP (Comman)
∠APB = ∠APC = 90º (AP ⊥ BC) (½)
By RHS rule, ∆ABP ≅ ∆ACP (½)
⇒ ∠B = ∠C (½)
A

B P C
Section C
4. AB = AC (½)
∴ ∠B = ∠C = x
BA = BC
∴ ∠A = ∠C = x
Also, AC = BC (½)
∠A = ∠B = x
But ∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180° (1)
3x = 180°
x = 60°
∴ ∠A = ∠B = ∠C = 60°. (1)

P-58 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
5. Construction : Produce QS to meet PR in T (½)
In ∆PQT, PQ + PT > QT
PQ + PT > QS + ST ...(1) (½)
In ∆SRT TR + ST > SR ...(2) (½)
Adding (1) and (2), we get
PQ + PT + TR + ST > QS + ST + SR (1)
PQ + PR > QS + SR
QS + SR < PQ + PR. (½)
Section D
6. ∠XAK + ∠KAH = 180° (Linear pair) .
∠KAH = 180° – 137° = 43°
AB = AC (1)
∴ ∠ABC = ∠ACB
∠ABC + ∠ACB = 137°, (ext. angle)
137°
∴ ∠ABC = ∠ACB = = 68·5° (½)
2
CH = CB (Given) .
⇒ ∠CBA = ∠CHB = 68·5° (½)
∴ ∠HCB = 180° – 137° = 43° (1)
∠CHK = ∠HCB = 43°. (Alternate angles) (1)
Value based questions
7. (i) AB and CD intersect at O
∴ ∠AOD = ∠BOC (Vertically opp. angles) ...(i)
In ∆AOD and ∆BOC, we have (½)
∠AOD = ∠BOC From (ii) .
∠DAO = ∠CBO = 90° (Given) (½)
and AD = BC (Given) .
∴ ∆AOD ≅ ∆BOC (By AAS congruence criterion) .
⇒ OA = OB (By c.p.c.t.) .
i.e., O is the mid-point of AB
Hence, CD bisects AB. (1)
(ii) Congruency of triangles. (½)
(iii) Equality is the sign of democracy. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-45

Section A
1. By SAS or side Angle side congruency. 1
Section B
2. AX || BY
⇒ ∠BAX = ∠ABY (Alternate angles) ...(1) (½)
∠AXY = ∠BYX (Alternate angles) ...(2) (½)
In ∆PAX and ∆PBY, AX = BY (Given) ...(3) (½)
From (1), (2) and (3), we get
∆APX ≅ ∆BPY, (By ASA) Proved. (½)

T R I A N G L E S P-59
3. OA = OB (O is the mid-point of AB)

∠AOC = ∠BOD (Vertically opposite angles) (½)

OC = OD (O is the mid-point of CD) (½)

∆AOC ≅ ∆BOC (By SAS) (½)

⇒ AC = BD. (By c.p.c.t.) Proved. (½)

Section C
4. In ∆ABC, AB > BC ⇒ ∠C > ∠A ...(1) .
AB > AC ⇒ ∠C > ∠B ...(2) (1)
On adding (1) and (2), we get
2∠C > ∠A + ∠B
2∠C + ∠C > ∠A + ∠B + ∠C (1)
3∠C > 180°
∠C > 60°. (1)
5. Since AB||DC ∠ABP = ∠CDP (Alternate interior angles) (1)
∠APB = ∠CPD (Vertical opposite angles) .
PD = PB (Given) (1)
∆APB ≅ ∆CPD (By ASA) .
AP = PC (By c.p.c.t) (1)
⇒ P is also the mid-point of AC.

Section D
6. Construction : Take BD = AB. Join AD (1)
Proof : In ∆ABD,
AB = BD ⇒ ∠1 = ∠3 and ∠4 > ∠1 ⇒ ∠4 > ∠3 (1)
In ∆ADC, ∠3 > ∠2
∴ ∠4 > ∠3 > ∠2
⇒ ∠4 > ∠2. (1)
⇒ AC > DC (1)
⇒ AC > BC – BD
AC > BC – AB
∴ BC – AB < AC

Similarly, AC – AB < BC

and BC – AC < AB.

Value based question


7. (i) l and m are two parallel lines intersected by another pair of parallel lines p and q.
AD || BC
and AB || CD. (½)
⇒ ABCD is a parallelogram.
i.e. AB = CD
and BC = AD (½)

P-60 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Now in ∆ABC and ∆CDA, we have
AB = CD
BC = AD
and AC = AC
∴ We have ∆ABC ≅ ∆CDA (By SSS criterion of congruence) (1)
(ii) Congruency of triangles. (½)
(iii) Equality is the sign of democracy. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-46

Section A
1. AD = BC (given)
∠BAD = ∠ABC (given)
AB = AB (common) ½
∴ ∆DAB ≅ ∆CBA (by SAS)
∴ ∠BDA = ∠ACB (by c.p.c.t) ½
Section B
2. In ∆PAB and ∆PDC, PA = PD
AB = CD 1½
by RHS ∆PAB ≅ ∆PCD ½
PB = PC ⇒ ∠PCB = ∠PBC Proved
3. In ∆ABY and ∆ACX
AB = AC (P is mid point of AD)
AY = AX (Given) 1
∠A = ∠A (Common)
∴ By SAS, ∆ABY ∆ ≅ ACX Proved 1
Section C
4. PQ = PR ⇒ ∠PQR = ∠PRQ (Angles opp. to equal sides) (½)
ST||QR ⇒ ∠PST = ∠PQR (Corresponding angles) (1)
∠PTS = ∠PRQ (Corresponding angles) (½)
∴ ∠PST = ∠PTS (½)
⇒ PS = PT. (Sides opp. to equal angles) (½)
5. ∠DBC = ∠DCB (Given)
∴ DC = DB(Sides opp. to equal angles are equal) ...(i) (½)
In ∆ABD and ∆ACD,
AB = AC (Given)
BD = CD [from (i)] (½)
AD = AD (Common) .
∆ABD ≅ ∆ACD (SSS) (1)
∠BAD = ∠CAD (By c.p.c.t.) (½)
Hence, AD is bisector of ∠BAC. Proved. (½)

T R I A N G L E S P-61
Section D
6. AD = BD
⇒ ∠ABD = ∠DAB = 59°(Angles opp. to equal sides are equal) (1)
In ∆ABD,
59° + 59° + ∠ADB = 180°
∠ADB = 180° – 118° = 62° (1)
∠ACD = 62° – 32° = 30° (Exterior angle is equal to sum .
of interior opposite angles) .
In ∆ABD,
AB > BD (Side opp. to greatest angle is the longest) (1)
Also in ∆ABC, AB < AC
⇒ BD < AC. (1)
7. Given, ∠BAB = ∠EAC
Adding ∠CAD on both sides, we get
∠BAD + ∠DAC = ∠EAC + ∠DAC (1)
∠BAC = ∠EAD
In ∆ABC and ∆ADE,
AB = AD (Given)
∠BAC = ∠EAD (Proved)
AC = AE (given)
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆ADE (By SAS) (2)
⇒ BC = DE (By PCS) (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-47

Section A
1. OA = OB
OP = OP ½
∠AOP = ∠BOP ½
∆OAP ≅ ∆OBP
Section B
2. In ∆BED and ∆CFD,
∠DEB = ∠DFC = 90° (½)
BD = DC (D is the mid point)
ED = FD (Given)
∴ ∆BED ≅ ∆CEF (By RHS) (1)
∠B = ∠C. (By c.p.c.t.) Proved. (½)

P-62 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
3. In ∆ADC and ∆ABC, AC is common
∠DAC = ∠BAC, (½)
∠DCA = ∠BCA (Given) (½)
Hence, ∆ADC ≅ ∆ABC (By AAS rule) (½)
⇒ CD = BC. Proved. (By c.p.c.t.) (½)
Section C
4. PQRS is a square.
(i) SRT is an equilateral triangle.
∴ ∠PSR = 90°, ∠TSR = 60° (1)
⇒ ∠PSR + ∠TSR = 150°. Similarly ∠QRT = 150°

∆PST and ∆QRT, we have PS = QR (S)


∠PST = ∠QRT = 150° (A) and ST = RT (S) (1)
By SAS, ∆PST ≅ ∆QRT
⇒ PT = QT (By c.p.c.t.) Proved.
(ii) In ∆TQR, QR = RT (Square and equilateral are ∆ on same base) (½)
⇒ ∠TQR = ∠QTR = x (½)
∴ x + x + ∠QRT = 180°
2x + 150°= 180° ⇒ 2x = 30° ∴ x = 15°. Proved.

5. ∠BDC + ∠CDA = 180° (Linear pair)


∠BDC + x = 180°
∠BDC = 180° – x (½)
Similarly, ∠BEA = 180° – y (½)
Since, x =y (Given)
∴ ∠BDC = ∠BEA (½)
∠B = ∠B (Common)
AB = BC (½)
∴ ∆BAE ≅ ∆BCD (By AAS) (½)
∴ AE = CD. (By c.p.c.t.) Proved. (½)
Section D
6. Join OD and OB.
In ∆AOB and ∆COB,

T R I A N G L E S P-63
AO = CO (Given) .
OB = OB (Common) .
AB = BC (Q ABCD is a rhombus) .
∆AOB ≅ ∆COB (SSS Congruence.) .
∠AOB = ∠COB (By c.p.c.t.) ...(1) (1)
Similarly, ∆AOD ≅ ∆COD (½)
∠AOD = ∠COD (By c.p.c.t.) ...(2) (½)
But, ∠AOD + ∠COD + ∠COB + ∠AOB = 360° (½)
2(∠AOD + ∠AOB) = 360° (½)
∠AOD + ∠AOB = 180° (½)
⇒ D, O, B are collinear. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-48

Section A
1. ∠ADB = ∠ACB = 90º (given)
AD = BC (given) (½)
AB = AB (common)
∴ ∆ABD ≅ ∆BAC (by R.H.S.) (½)
Section B
2. Let ∠DAC be ∠3,
∠1 = ∠2 (Given) (½)
∠1 + ∠3 = ∠2 + ∠3
∠BAC = ∠EAD ...(i) (½)
Given that, BD = CE
BD + DC = CE + DC (½)
BC = DE ...(ii) .
∠B = ∠E (Given) ...(iii) .
From (i), (ii) and (iii), we get
∆ABC ≅ ∆AED. (By AAS rule) (½)
Section C
3. Given, ∠B > ∠A and ∠C > ∠D,
∴ OA > OB ...(1)

OD> OC (Side opposite to greater angle is longer) ...(2) (1½)


Adding (1) and (2), we get
OA + OD > OB + OC
AD > BC. (1½)

P-64 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
AB = AC
4. AB = AC ⇒ (½)
2 2
⇒ AE = AF,
Since E and F are mid-points of AB and AC.
In ∆ABF and ∆ACE, AB = AC (Given) (½)
∠A = ∠A (Common) (½)
AF = AE (Proved) (½)
∴ ∆ABF ≅ ∆ACE (By SSA cong.) (½)
∴ BF = CE. (By c.p.c.t) (½)
Section D
5. Proof : In ∆ADE, we have
AD = AE (½)
∠ADE = ∠AED
180° – ∠ADE = 180° – ∠AED (½)
∠ADB = ∠AEC ...(i) (½)
Consider ∆ABD and ∆ACE
AD = AE
∠ADB = ∠AEC From (i) .
BD = EC (1½)
By SAS congruence, ∆ABD ≅ ∆ACE
By c.p.c.t., AB = AC (1)
∴ ∆ABC is an isosceles triangle.
6. ∠FEC = ∠ECD = 10° (Alternate angles are equal) (½)
∠BCA = 90°
∠BCD + ∠DCA = 90°
10° + ∠DCA = 90° (1)
∠DCA = 80°
AC = DC
180° − 80°
∠DAC = ∠ADC = = 50° (½)
2
In ∆BAC,
∠A + ∠B + ∠BCA = 180°
50° + ∠B + 90° = 180°
∠B = 40° (1)
In ∆BDE,
∠B + ∠BED + ∠BDE = 180°
40° + 90° + ∠BDE = 180°
∠BDE = 50°. (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-49

Section A
1. AB = AC
⇒ ∠C = ∠B ½
∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°
⇒ 90° + ∠B + ∠B = 180°
⇒ 2∠B = 90°
∴ ∠B = 45°. ½

T R I A N G L E S P-65
Section B
2. (i) In ∆AOD and ∆BOC,
OA = OB (Given)
OD = OC (Given)
∠AOD = ∠BOC (Vertically opposite angles)
So, by SAS criteria,
∆AOD ≅ ∆BOC (1)
(ii) ∠CBA = ∠DAB (By c.p.c.t.)
AD and BC are two lines intersected by AB such that ∠CBA = ∠DAB and they form pair of
alternate angles.
Hence, AD || BC. (1)
Section C
3. ∠1 + ∠5 = 180° = ∠2 + ∠6 ⇒ ∠1 = ∠2 (Q ∠5 = ∠6) (1)

In ∆CAP and ∆BAP,


∠1 = ∠2 (Proved)
∠3 = ∠4 (AD is bisector of ∠BAC)
AP = AP
∴ ∆CAP ≅ ∆BAP (By AAS) (1)

⇒ CP = BP. (By c.p.c.t.) Proved. (1)


4. BC = DE (Given)
Add CD both side
BC + CD = CD + DE
BD = CD (1)
In ∆ABD and ∆FEC
AB = EF (Given)
BD = CD (1)
∠ABD = ∠FEC = 90°
So, By RHS esiteria
∆ABD ≅ ∠FEC (Proved) (1)
Section D
5. In ∆ALB and ∆NCM
AL = CN (given)
BL = CN (given)
∴ ∆ALB ≅ ∆NCM (By SAS)
AB = NM
∠A = ∠N (c.p.c.t.) (½)
∴ In ∆ABC and ∆NML,
Now, AL = CN
⇒ AL + LC = LC + CN
AC = LN (½)

P-66 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
AB = NM (Proved)
AC = LN (Proved)
LA = LN (Proved) (1)
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆NML. (SSS) (½)
6. (i) AB = AC, BD = CD, AD = DA (1)
∆ABD ≅ ∆ACD (By SSS) ...(i)
∴ ∠BAD = ∠CAD (By c.p.c.t.) .
(ii) AB = AC, ∠BAP = ∠CAP, AP = AP
∆ABP ≅ ∆ACP (By SAS) (1)
∴ BP = CP (By c.p.c.t.) .
(iii) From (i), ∠BAD = ∠CAD
⇒ AP is the bisector of ∠A (1)
BD = CD, BP = CP, DP = DP
∆BDP ≅ ∆CDP ⇒ ∠BDP = ∠CDP
DP is the bisector of ∠D. (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-50

Section A
1. Let the angles of triangle are 5x, 3x and 7x, then
5x + 3x + 7x = 180°
15x = 180°
x = 12° (½)
∴ Angles are 60°, 36°, 84°
Q Each angle is less than 90°
∴ The triangle is an acute angled triangle. (½)
Section B
2. AB = AD ⇒ ∠ABD = ∠ADB ...(i) (½)
BC = CD ⇒ ∠CBD = ∠CDB ...(ii) (½)
Adding eq. (i) and (ii), we get
∠ABD + ∠CBD = ∠ADB + ∠CDB (½)
⇒ ∠ABC = ∠ADC. Proved. (½)
Section C
3. In ∆PAM and ∆QBM, (½)

AM = BM (Given)

∠1 = ∠2 (V.O.A.) (½)

∠3 = ∠4 = 90°

∴ ∆PAM ≅ ∆QBM (By ASA Cong.) (1½)

∴ PA = BQ. (By c.p.c.t.) Proved. (½)

T R I A N G L E S P-67
4. (i) In ∆ABC and ∆DCB,
AB = DC (Given)
∠ABC = ∠DCB (Given) (1)
BC = CB (Common)
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆DCB (By SAS) (1)
(ii) ⇒ AC = DB. (By c.p.c.t.) (1)
Section D
5. (i) In ∆ABD and ∆BAC
∠DAB = ∠CBA (Given) .
AB = BA (Comman) (1)
AD = BC (Given) .
∴ ∆ABD ≅ ∆BAC (By SAS) Proved. (1)
(ii) ∴ BD = AC (By c.p.c.t.) Proved. (1)
(iii) ∠ABD = ∠BAC. (By c.p.c.t.) Proved. (1)
6. Proof : We are given two triangles ABC and PQR in which :
∠B = ∠Q, ∠C = ∠R
and BC = QR
We need to prove that ∆ABC ≅ ∠PQR (1)
There are three cases.

Case I : Let AB = PQ
In ∆ABC and ∆PQR,
∠B = ∠Q (Given) .
BC = QR (Given) .
AB = PQ (Assumed) .
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆PQR (By SAS rule) (1)
Case II : Suppose AB ≠ PQ and AB < PQ
Take a point S on PQ such that QS = AB
Join RS.

In ∆ABC and ∆SQR,


AB = SQ (By construction) .
BC = QR (Given) .
∠B = ∠Q (Given) (1)
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆SQR (By SAS rule) .
∠ACB = ∠QRS (By c.p.c.t.) .

P-68 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
But ∠QRP = ∠ACB
⇒ ∠QRP = ∠QRS
Which is impossible unless ray RS coincides with RP.
∴ AB must be equal to PQ. (½)
So, ∆ABC ≅ ∆PQR
Case III : If AB > PQ.
We can choose a point T on AB such that TB = PQ and repeating the arrangements as given in
Case II, we can conclude that AB = PQ and so,
∆ABC ≅ ∆PQR (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-51

Section A
1. Let the angle of triangle are 3x, 4x and 3x
then 3x + 4x + 3x = 180º
10x = 180º
180º
x = = 18º ½
10
So, Angles are 3 × 18 = 54º
4 × 18 = 72º and 54º ½
Section B
2. RP = RQ (Given) .
⇒ ∠RQP = ∠RPQ (Proved) (½)
⇒ ∠MQP = ∠NPQ
In ∆PQN and ∆QPM,
∠NPQ = ∠MQP (½)
PN = QM (Given) .
PQ = PQ (Common) .
∴ ∆PQN ≅ ∆QPM (By SAS) (½)
⇒ ∠PQN = ∠QPM (By c.p.c.t.) .
⇒ ∠PQO = ∠QPO (½)
⇒ OP = OQ. (Sides opposite to equal angles are equal) Proved.
Section C
3. Proof : In ∆ABC and ∆BAD,
BC = AD (Given)
∠CBA = ∠BAD (Given)
AB = AB (2)
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆BAD (By SAS cong.)
∴ BD = AC (By c.p.c.t.) (1)
4. In ∆ABC,
AB + BC > AC ...(1) (1)

T R I A N G L E S P-69
In ∆ACD,
CD + DA > AC ...(2) (1)
Adding (1) and (2), we get
CD + DA + AB + BC > 2AC. (1)
Section D
5. In ∆RTS, RT = ST
∠TSR = ∠TRS (Angles opposite to equal sides are equal) ...(1) (½)
∠1 = ∠4 (V.O.A) .
⇒ 2∠2 = 2∠3
⇒ ∠2 = ∠3 ...(2) (½)
Subtract eqn. (2) from eqn. (1), we get
∠TRS – ∠2 = ∠TSR – ∠3
∠TRB = ∠TSA (1)
In ∆RBT and ∆SAT,
∠RTB = ∠STA (Common angles) .
RT = ST (Given) .
∠TRB = ∠TSA (Proved) (1)
∴ ∆RBT ≅ ∆SAT (By ASA congruence) .
⇒ RB = AS (By c.p.c.t.) (1)
6. ∠PQT = ∠RQU and ∠TQS = ∠UQS
∴ ∠PQT + ∠TQS = ∠RQU + ∠UQS (1)
⇒ ∠PQS = ∠RQS
PQ = RQ, QS = QS (1)
∴ ∆PQS ≅ ∆RQS (By SAS) (½)
∴ ∠P = ∠R (By c.p.c.t.) .
Again, in ∆PQT and ∆RQU,
∠P = ∠R
∠PQT = ∠RQU
PQ = QR
∴ ∆PQT ≅ ∆RQU (By ASA) (1)
∴ QT = QU. (By c.p.c.t.) (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-52

Section A
1. Then, if AC = BC (given an isosceles triangle)
So, Acc. to SAS property
the angles B and C are also equal. C
i.e., ∠B = ∠C
So, Let x be the angle,
x + x + 90º = 180º ½
90°
x = 45º A B
So, ∠B = 45º ½

P-70 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section B
2. ∠AOB = ∠COD (given)
∠AOB – ∠COB = ∠COD – ∠COB 1
In ∆ AOC and ∆BOD
AO = OB
OC = OD
∠AOC = ∠BOD
∴ ∆AOC ≅ ∆BOD (SAS) (½)
AC = BD (By CPCS) (½)
Section C
3. Proof : In ∆PQR,
PQ = PR
∠PQR = ∠PRQ (Angles opp. to equal sides are equal) ...(i) (1)
In ∆PQS, ∠PQR > ∠PSQ (Ext. angle of a ∆ is greater than .
each of interior opp. angles) .(½)
∴ ∠PRQ > ∠PSQ, using (i) (½)
⇒ ∠PRS > ∠PSR ⇒ PS > PR (½)
PS > PQ (Q PR = PQ) (Side opp. to greater angle is larger) (½)
4. Proof :
In ∆ABD and ∆BAC,
AD = BC (Given)
BD = AC (Given)
AB = AB (Common side) (2)
By SSS congruence axiom,
∆ABD ≅ ∆BAC
⇒ ∠ADB = ∠BCA (By c.p.c.t.) (1)
∠DAB = ∠CBA. (By c.p.c.t.).

Section D
5. AL = CN (Given) .
AL + LC = CN + LC
i.e. AC = LN
In ∆ALB and ∆NCM, (1)
AL = CN (Given) .
∠ALB = ∠NCM = 90°
BL = CM (Given) .
∴ ∆ALB ≅ ∆NCM (SAS) .
⇒ AB = NM (c.p.c.t.) (1)
In ∆BLC and ∆MCL,
BL = MC (Given) .
∠BLC = ∠MCL = 90°
LC = CL
∴ ∆BLC ≅ ∆MCL (By SAS) .

T R I A N G L E S P-71
⇒ BC = ML (c.p.c.t.) (1)
∴ In ∆ABC and ∆NML,
AB = NM (Proved) .
AC = NL (Proved) .
BC = ML (Proved) .
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆NML. (SSS) (1)
6. Q ∠1 + ∠3 = 180° (Linear pair)
Q ∠2 + ∠4 = 180° (Linear pair)
Q ∠1 + ∠3 = ∠2 + ∠4
But ∠1 = ∠2
⇒ ∠3 = ∠4
In ∆OAC and ∆ODB, (1)
∠3 = ∠4
∠AOC = ∠DOB (V.O.A.) (½)
OA = OD (Given) (½)
∴ ∆OAC ≅ ∆ODB (ASA) (1)
OC = OB (c.p.c.t.) (½)
⇒ ∆OCB is an isosceles triangle (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-53

Section A
1. ∠ABC = 180° – 125° = 55° (½)
AB = AC
⇒ ∠ACB = ∠ABC = 55°
∴ x = 180° – 55° – 55° = 70°. (½)

Section B
2. Given, ∠DCA = ∠ECB
Adding ∠DCE to both sides, we get
∠DCA + ∠DCE = ∠ECB + ∠DCE
∠ECA = ∠DCB (1)
In ∆ACE and ∆BCD,
AC = BC, (Given)
∠ECA = ∠DCB, (Proved) .
∠EAC = ∠DBC, (Given) .
∴ ∆ACE ≅ ∆BCD, (By AAS cong.) (½)
∴ BD = AE. Proved. (½)
Section C
3. In ∆ABD and ∆CDB,
AB = CD (Given) (1)
∠ABD = ∠CDB (Given)

P-72 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
BD = DB (Common) (1)
∴ ∆ABD ≅ ∆CDB (By SAS)
⇒ AD = CB. (By c.p.c.t.) (1)
4. In ∆COD and ∆BOA,
OD = OA (Given)
OC = OB (Given) (1)
∠DOC = ∠AOB = 90°
∴ ∆COD ≅ ∆BOA (By SAS) (1)
⇒ CD = AB. (By c.p.c.t.) (1)
Section D
5. In ∆ABC,
AB = BC (Given) (1)
∴ ∠1 = ∠2 (Angles opposite to equal sides)
In ∆ABD and ∆CBD,
AB = BC
∠1 = ∠2
AD = CD (1)
∴ ∆ABD ≅ ∆CBD (By SAS cong.) .
∠3 = ∠4 (By c.p.c.t.) (½)
∠3 + ∠4 = 180°
∴ ∠4 = 90°
∴ ∠ADE = ∠4 (V.O.A) .
∴ ∠ADE = 90° Proved. (½)
In ∆EAD and ∆ECD, ∠A = ∠C
AD = CD (Given)
∠ADE = ∠CDE = 90° (½)
and DE = DE (Common)
So, ∆EAD = ∆ECD . (By AAS)
⇒ AE = CE. (By cpct) (½)
6. In ∆AMB and ∆PNQ,
A P
AB = PQ (Given) .
5 3 6 4
AM = PN (Given) .
1 2 ∠1 = ∠2 = 90°
B M C Q N R
⇒ ∆AMB ≅ ∆PNQ (By RHS) .

⇒ ∠3 = ∠4 (By c.p.c.t.) (2)


Similarly, ∆AMC ≅ ∆PNR
⇒ ∠5 = ∠6
∴ in ∆ABC and ∆PQR, AB = PQ (Given) .
AC = PR (Given) .
∠A = ∠P (∠3 + ∠5 = ∠4 + ∠6) (Proved) .
⇒ ∆ABC ≅ ∆PQR. (By SAS) (2)
qq

T R I A N G L E S P-73
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-54

Section A
1. AD = BC
∠BAD = ∠ABC
AB = AB
∴ ∆DAB ≅ ∆CBA (By cpct) ½
∴ ∠BDA = ∠ACB ½
Section B
2. Given, ∠BAD = ∠EAC
Adding ∠CAD on both sides, we get
∠BAD + ∠CAD = ∠EAC + ∠CAD (½)
∠BAC = ∠DAE
AC = AE (Given) (½)
AB = AD (Given)
∆BAC ≅ ∆DAE (By SAS) (½)
∴ BC = ED (By c.p.c.t.) (½)
Section C
3. In ∆ABC, AB = AC ⇒ ∠1 = ∠2 ...(1)
Angles opp. to equal sides are equal.
In ∆ADC, AB = AD
∴ AC = AD (½)
In ∆BCD, ∠3 = ∠4 ...(2) (½)
∠1 + (∠2 + ∠3) + ∠4 = 180° (½)
∠2 + ∠2 + ∠3 + ∠3 = 180° (½)
2(∠2 + ∠3) = 180°
∠2 + ∠3 = 90° (½)
⇒ ∠BCD is a right angle. (½)
4. In ∆PQS,
PQ + QS > PS (Sum of a any two sides is greater than the third side) ...(1) (2)
In ∆PSR,
PR + SR > PS ...(2) (1)
∴ On adding (1) & (2)
PQ + PR + QS + SR > PS + PS
PQ + QR + RP > 2 PS
Section D
5. In ∆BCE and ∆CBF, we have
∠BEC = ∠CFB (each 90°)
BC = BC (common)

P-74 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
BE = CF (given) A
By RHS congluence.,
∆BCE ≅ ∆CBF F E
∠BCE = ∠CBF (2)
In ∆ABC
∠C = ∠B ⇒ AB = AC B C
Similarly, we prove AB = BC (1)
Then, AB = BC = AC
So, ∆ABC is equilateral triangle. (1)
6. By triangle inequality property,
In ∆ABC, AB + BC > AC ...(1) (½)
In ∆BCD, BC + CD > BD ...(2) (½)
In ∆CDA, CD + DA > AC ...(3) (½)
In ∆DAB, DA + AB > BD ...(4) (½)
Adding (1), (2), (3) and (4), we get
AB + BC + BC + CD + CD + DA + DA + AB > AC + BD + AC + BD (1)
2(AB + BC + CD + DA) > 2(AC + BD)
Hence, Perimeter > Sum of its diagonals. (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-55

Section A
1. ∠ADB = ∠ACB = 90º
AD = BC (½)
AB = AB
∴ ∆ABD ≅ ∆BAC (½)
Section B
2. In ∆ABC,
∠A + ∠B + ∠C = 180°
∠A = 180° – 20 – 70 = 90° (½)
So, ∠BAN = ∠NAC = 45°
In ∆ABM
∠BAM = 180 – 90 – 70 = 20 (½)
∠BAN = ∠BAM + ∠MAN
45 = 20 + ∠MAN (½)
∠MAN = 25°
Section C
3. Given, BR = CQ
BR + BQ = CQ + BQ
QR = BC (½)

T R I A N G L E S P-75
In ∆ABC and ∆PQR,
QR = BC (Proved above) .
AB = PQ (Given) (1)
∠BAC = ∠QPR = 90° (Given) .
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆PQR (By RHS) (1)
⇒ AC = PR. (By c.p.c.t.) (½)
4. In ∆ABE and ∆ACD,
AB = AC (Given) (½)
∠C = ∠B (Angle opp. to equal sides) (½)
BE = CD (Given) (½)
∴ ∆ABE ≅ ∆ACD (By SAS) (1)
⇒ AD = AE. (By c.p.c.t.) (½)
Section D
5. In ∆ABM and ∆PQN, AB = PQ (Given)
BC = QR (Given)
1 1
⇒ BC = QR
2 2
i.e. BM = QN (½)
AM = PN (Given) .
∴ ∆ABM ≅ ∆PQN (SSS) (½)
⇒ ∠ABM = ∠PQN (c.p.c.t.) .
i.e. ∠ABC = ∠PQR (1)
Now, in ∆ABC and ∆PQR,
AB = PQ (Given) .
∠ABC = ∠PQR (Proved) .(½)
BC = QR (Given) .
∴ ∆ABC ≅ ∆PQR. (SAS) (1½)
6. Produce AD to E such that
AD = DE. Join EC. (½)
In triangles ADB and EDC,
AD = DE (Const) (½)

BD = DC (Given) .
∠ADB = ∠EDC (V.O.A) (½)

P-76 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
∴ ∆ADB ≅ ∆EDC (SAS Congruence axiom) (½)
⇒ AB = EC (By c.p.c.t.) .
In ∆AEC, AC + EC > AE [Triangle Inequality Property] (½)
∴ AC + AB > AE (Q EC = AB) .
AC + AB > AD + DE
AC + AB > AD + AD (Q DE = AD) (½)
AC + AB > 2AD. Proved. (1)
qq

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-56

This worksheet contain activities that are to be perform in the class itself.
qq

T R I A N G L E S P-77
6 COORDINATE GEOMETRY

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-57

Section A
1. Clearly, (– 2, 5) i.e., x coordinate is – ve of y coordinate is + ve, so it lies the IInd quadrant.
1
2. So, clearly, from y-axis, the ⊥ distance is 7. 1

Section B
3. On x-axis : C (– 3, 0), F (6, 0), G (3, 0) 1
On y-axis : A (0, 2), D (0, – 3), E (0, 4) 1
4. (i) Since the point lies on x-axis at a distance of 9 units from y-axis. Hence its co-ordinates are
(9, 0) (1)
(ii) According to question, the required co-odinates are (0, –9). (1)
5. The point on y-axis has x-cordinate 0.
Since it lies 4 units distance in negative direction of y-axis. (1)
∴ The point is (0, – 4). (1)

Section C
6. According to question, plot the points A(0, 3), B(5, 3), C(4, 0) and D(–1, 0) on graph paper.

(2)

From figure, ABCD is a parallelogram. The point (2, 2) will be inside the figure. (1)

Section D
7. (i) E (–1, 2) (1)
(ii) D (–4, – 1) (1)
(iii) 2 – 4 = – 2 (1)
(iv) 3 + (– 4) = – 1 (1)

P-78 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Value based questions
8. (i) Draw X´ OX and Y´ OY
as the co-ordinate axes and
mark their point of intersection O
as the origin (0, 0).
In order to plot the points (– 2, 8), we take 2 units on OX´ and then 8 units parallel to OY to obtain
the point A(– 2, 8).
Similarly, we plot the point B(– 1, 7). (½)

In order to plot (0, – 1·25) we take 1·25 units below x-axis on the y-axis to obtain C(0, – 1·25).(½)
In order to plot (1, 3) we take 1 unit onOX and then 3 units parallel to OY to obtain the point D(1, 3)
(½)
In order to plot (3, – 1), we take 3 units on OX and then 1 unit below x-axis parallel to OY´ to
obtain the point E(3, – 1) (½)
(ii) Co-ordinate geometry. (½)

(iii) Co-ordination among people is good for progress. (½)


qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-58

Section A
1. Mirror image is (1, 2) 1
2. The co-ordinater of a point whose ordinate is 6 of lies on y-axis is (0, 6). 1
Section B
3. Plotting of P(2, – 6)
Coordinates of M(2, 0) (½)
Coordinates of N(0, – 6). (½)

C O O R D I N A T E G E O M E T R Y P-79
y

7
6
5
4
3
2
1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
x` x
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 -1 M
-2
-3 (1)
-4
-5
(2,-6)
N -6 P
-7

y`
Section C
4.
y (2)

5
4 B (0, 4)
3
2
1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
x` x
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1O -1 A (4, 0)
-2
-3

y`
From figure, OA = 4 units
OB = 4 units
1
Area of ∆OAB = × OA × OB
2
1
= × 4 × 4 = 8 square unit. (1)
2
Section D
5. According to question (– 2, 9) = (1 + x, y 2)
⇒ –2 = 1 + x or x = – 3 (1)
and 9 = y 2 or y = 3, as y > 0 (1)
So, P(y, x) = P(3, – 3),
which will be in IV quadrant.
Q(2, x) = Q(2, – 3),
which will be in IV quadrant.
R(x 2, y – 1) = R(9, 2),
which will be in I quadrant
S(2x, – 3y) = S(– 6, – 9),
which will be in III quadrant. (½+½+½+½)

P-80 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
6. Since ∆ ABC is equilateral triangle with side 2a units, therefore
AB = BC = CA = 2a units
O is mid point of AC, then Y (1)
1 B
OA = AC
2
1
= (2a) = a units (1)
2
Now, in right ∆ AOB
X´ C O A X
OB = AB2 – OA 2
= (2a )2 – a 2
D
= 4 a2 – a2

= 3a 2 = a 3 units (1)

Thus, co-ordinates of B are (0, a 3). (1)

Value based question


7. (i) Let OB = a
⇒ AB = 2a
⇒ AC = 2 × a = 2a
Using Pythagoras theorem in ∆COA (1)
y

(–a, 0) (a, 0)
x' A O B x

y'
(2a)2 = a2 + (OC)2
⇒ (OC)2 = 3a2
⇒ OC = a 3
So co-ordinates of C are (0, a 3 )

Similarly, co-ordinates of D are (0, − a 3 ) (1)


(ii) Co-ordinate geometry. (½)
(iii) Co-ordinate among people is the first condition of success in any society. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-59

Section A
1. It is (0, – 7). 1
2. It lies on IV and II quadrant. 1

C O O R D I N A T E G E O M E T R Y P-81
Section B
3. (A) P(0, 5) (½)

(–2, 0)

(B) Q(0, – 3) (½)


(C) R(5, 0) (½)
(D) S(–2, 0) (½)

Section C
4. Drawing the points, A(3, 2), B(2, 3), C(–4, 5) and D(5, – 3). Joining AB, BC, CA, AD, we get a
quadrilateral ABCD.
y

7
(-4,5) 6
C 5
4
B(2,3)
3
A
2 (3,2)
1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
x` x
-6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 -1
-2
-3 (5,-3)
D
-4
-5
-6
-7

y`

Section D
5. From figure the co-ordinate of vertices of a rectangle are :
O(0, 0) (1)

A(– p, 0) (1)
A (–,p, 0) (O,
(0, )qO)
B(– p, – q) (1)

C(0, – q) (1)
B(– p, – q) C (0, – q )

P-82 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
6. (i) (– 3, – 5) lies in III quadrant, as x < 0 and y < 0.
(ii) (2, – 5) lies in IV quadrant, as x > 0 and y < 0.
(iii) (– 3, 5) lies in II quadrant, as x < 0 and y > 0. Y
(½+½+½)
Verification : The points (– 3, – 5), (2, – 5) and
(– 3, 5) are plotted as shown in figure : (–3, 5) 5
4
3
2
1
O
X´ X
–5 –4 –3 –2 –1 1 2 3 4 5
–1
–2
–3
–4
(–3, –5) (2, –5)
Result is verified : (i) (– 3, – 5) lies in III quadrant. –5

(ii) (2, – 5) lies in IV quadrant. Y´


(iii) (– 3, 5) lies in II quadrant. (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-60

Section A
1. It lies on the IV quadrant. 1
2. It lies on the x-axis. 1
Section B
3. Co-ordinates of A = (5, 0) (½)
Co-ordinates of B = (5, 3) (½)
Co-ordinates of C = (–2, 4) (½)
Co-ordinates of D = (0, –3). (½)
Section C
4. y

(-1,7) 7 (0,7)
6
5
4
3
2
(-8,0) 1
x`
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
x 3
-8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 -1
-2 (5,-2)
-3
(-3,-3) -4 (3,-4)
-5
-6
-7

y`

C O O R D I N A T E G E O M E T R Y P-83
Section D
5. (i) Required points are A(0, 3) and L(0, – 4). (2)
(ii) Required points are G(5, 0) and I(– 2, 0). (1)
(iii) Required points are D(– 5, 1) and H(– 5, – 3). (1)
6. The points A(– 3, – 4), B(– 2, 0),
C(– 1, 4) and D(1, 0)

are plotted as shown below :


(i) A(– 3, – 4) lies in III quadrant.
(ii) B(– 2, 0) lies on x-axis.
(iii) C(– 1, 4) lies in II quadrant.
(iv) D(1, 0) lies on x-axis. (½+½+½+½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-61

Section A
1. In II and IV quadrant. 1
2. AB = (0 − 0) 2 + (4 − 0) 2 = 0+ 16 = 4

BC = (0 − 4)2 + (0 − 0) 2 = 16 + 0 = 4
1
Area of triangle = × base × height (½)
2
1
= ×4×4
2
= 8 sq. units (½)

P-84 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section B
3. (a) IV quadrant (b) II quadrant (½+½)
(c) III quadrant (d) I quadrant (½+½)

Section C
4. From the graph,
QR = 2 + 2 = 4
So, PQ = QR = RP = 4 (1)
Now OR = 2
So, from right triangle OPR,
OP2 = PR2 – OR2 (1)
OP2 = 4 2 – 2 2 = 12
So. OP = 2 3 (½)
Therefore, co-ordinates of P are (0, 2 3 ). (½)
Section D
5.

(4)

6.

4
(T)
(B) 3 (I quadrant)
(II quadrant)
(1)
2
1 (1)

(1)
–5 –4 –3 – 2 – 5 –1 1 2 3 4 5
(1)
(E) –2 (IV quadrant)
(S)
(III quadrant) –3
–4

qq

C O O R D I N A T E G E O M E T R Y P-85
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-62

Section A
1. (x + 2, 4) = (5, y – 2) (½)
⇒ x + 2 = 5 and 4 = y – 2
⇒ x = 5 – 2 = 3 and y = 4 + 2 = 6 (½)
The co-ordinates (x, y) = (3, 6)
2. The co-ordinates of the origin is (0, 0). 1
Section B
3. (A) (–3, – 2) (½) (B) 0 (½)
(C) 0 (½) (D) Q and T. (½)
Section C
4. (i)
y

5
4 A (0,4)
3
2
D (3,0)
B (-3,0) 1
1 2 3 4 5
x` x (1)
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 -1
-2
-3
C (0,-4) -4
-5

(ii) Rhombus ABCD. y` (1)


(iii) AB lies in II quadrant and AD lies in I quadrant. (1)
Section D
5. The points A(– 3, 0), B(5, 0) and C(0, 4) can be plotted as shown below :
Figure formed is a triangle ABC.
Y

4 C(0, 4)
3
2
1
–3 –2 –1 O B
X´ X
A 1 2 3 4 5
(–3, 0) –1 (5, 0)
–2


1
Area of ∆ ABC = × AB × OC
2
1
= × 8 × 4;
2
(as AB = 8 and OC = 4)
= 16 sq. units. (2) + (2)

P-86 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
6. (i) Plot the points M(4, 3), N(4, 0), O(0, 0) and P(0, 3) on graph paper.

7
6
5
4
P (0,3)
3 M (4,3)
2
1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
x` x
-4 -3 -2 -1 -1 N (4,0)
O (0,0) -2 (2)
-3
-4

y`

(ii) By joining MNOP, the figure will be rectangle. (1)


(iii) Perimeter of rectangle = 2(l + b) = 2(4 + 3) = 14 units. (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-63

Section A
1. At the origin. 1
2. Point C (3, a – 3) lie on x-axis
∴ a–3 =0 ½
a =3 ½
Section B
6=3
3. OA = OB = units and BC = AD = 3 units.
2
Co-ordinates of A be (–3, 0) (½)
Co-ordinates of B be (3, 0) (½)
Co-ordinates of C be (3, 3) (½)
Co-ordinates of D be (–3, 3). (½)
Section C
4. In ∆POQ,
ÐPOQ = 90º
QR = 8
OQ = 4 (1)
OP2 + OQ2 = PQ2 (½)
OP2 + 42 = 82, (PQ = QR = RP) (½)
OP2 = 48

C O O R D I N A T E G E O M E T R Y P-87
OP = 48 or 4 3 (½)

The co-ordinates of P are ( 48,0) or (4 3,0). (½)

Section D
5. (i) Plot the point M(5, – 3) and N(–3, –3) on graph paper.

(2)

(ii) Length of MN = 3 + 5 = 8 units


(iii) From figure, (½)
A(3, – 3)
B(1, – 3)
C(–1, – 3) (½+½+½)
6. Y
Plot the three vertices of the rectangle as A(3, 2),
(–4, 5)C 5 D
4
B(– 4, 2), C(– 4, 5). (2)
3
(–4, 2)B 2 A(3, 2)
We have to find the co-ordinates of the fourth vertex D
1 so that ABCD is a rectangle. Since the opposite sides of a
O
X´ X
–5 –4 –3 –2 –1
–1 1 2 3 4 5 rectangle are equal, so the abscissa of D should be equal to
–2 abscissa of A, i.e., 3 and the ordinate of D should be equal to
–3
–4
the ordinate of C, i.e., 5.
–5


So, the co-ordinates of D are (3, 5). (2)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-64

Section A
1. On comparing we get, b = 2 ½
So, from 2 – a + b = 6, we get ½
a = –2 (1)
2. We get square.
Section B
3. In, II quadrant, III quadrant, ½+½+½+½
IV quadrant and I quadrant.

P-88 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section C
4. (i)

(2)

(ii) Graph is a straight line. (1)


5. OB = a, OA = a
y

(–a, 0) (a, 0)
x' A O B x

y'
⇒ AB = 2a
⇒ AC = 2a
Using Pythagoras Theorem in ∆COA, (1)
(2a)2 = a2 + (OC)2
⇒ (OC)2 = 3a2
⇒ OC = a 3 (1)
So, co-ordinates of C are (0, a 3) (½)
Similarly, co-ordinates of D are (0, − a 3 ) . (½)
Section D y

6. Points Quadrants
5
(–2, 4)
(–2, 4) II 4
3
(1, 2) I 2 (1, 2)
(–1, 0) 1
(–3, –5) III x' x
–4 –3 –2 –1 1 2 3 4 5
–1
(3, –1) IV (3, –1)
–2
(–1, 0) X-axis –3
–4
–5
(–3, –5)
y'

C O O R D I N A T E G E O M E T R Y P-89
7. The given points A(– 2, 3), B(– 2, 0), C( 2, 0) and D(2, 6) can be plotted as under :
On joining AB, BC, CD and DA, we get a trapezium ABCD.
From figure, BC = 2 – (– 2) Y

= 4 units 6 D(2, 6) (2)


5
and AB = 3 – 0 4
(–2, 3)A 3
= 3 units (1)
2
1
1 B(–2, 0) O C(2, 0)
Now, area of ∆ ABC = × BC × AB X´ X
2 –4 –3 –2 –1
–1
1 2 3 4 5 6

–2
1
= ×4×3 –3
2 –4

= 6 sq. units. (1)



qq

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-65

Section A
This worksheet contains activities that are to be performed in the class itself.
qq

P-90 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
7 AREAS

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-66

Section A
1. x = 252 − 152 = 40 ×10 (½)
x = 20 cm.
1
Area of right triangle = × base × height
2
1
= × 15 × 20 = 150 cm2. (½)
2

2. Area of equilateral triangle= 3 × a2 = 16 3


4
a2 = 4 × 16 ⇒ a = 8 m (½)
Perimeter = 3a = 3 × 8 = 24 m. (½)
Section B
3. Perimeter of an equilateral triangle = 3a = 60 cm
a = 20 cm (1)

Area = 3 a 2 = 3 × 20 × 20 = 100 3 cm2. (1)


4 4
4. Sides of an isosceles triangle are a, a and b, then
a + a + b = 32 (½)
2a + 12 = 32
a = 10 cm
32 = 16
s = cm (½)
2
Area = 16 × (16 − 12)(16 − 10)(16 − 10) (½)
= 16 × 4 × 6 × 6 = 48 cm2. (½)
Section C
5. Draw DE || BC and DF ⊥ AB
AE = 25 – 10 = 15 m

13 + 14 + 15 = 21
For ∆AED, s = m
2
Area of ∆AED = 21 × 8 × 7 × 6 = 84 m2
1 × 15 ×
Also, area of ∆AED = DF = 84 (1)
2
2 × 84 = 56
⇒ DF = (½)
15 5
56 = 112 2
Area of parallelogram EBCD = 10 × m (1)
5
Area of trapezium = 84 + 112 = 196 m2. (½)

A R E A S P-91
Section D
6. Perimeter of the triangle = 84 cm
Ratio of its sides = 13 : 14 : 15
Sum of the ratio = 13 + 14 + 15 = 42 cm (1)
13
∴ a = × 84 = 13 × 2 = 26 cm
42
14
b = × 84 = 14 × 2 = 28 cm
42
15
c = × 84 = 15 × 2 = 30 cm
42
26 + 28 + 30
s =
2
84
s = = 42 cm (1)
2
Using Heron’s formula,
Area of ∆ = s( s – a )( s – b)( s – c)
= 42(42–26)(42–28)(42–30) cm2 (1)
= 42 × 16 × 14 ×12 cm2
= 2 × 3 × 7 × 16 × 2 × 7 × 3 × 4 cm2
= 2 × 3 × 7 × 4 × 2 cm2 (1)
= 336 cm2.
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-67

Section A
1. S(S − a)( S − b)( S − c) 1
2. Perimeter = 4x + 5x + 6x = 150
⇒ 15x = 150
⇒ x = 10 ½
Sides are 4 × 10 = 40 cm, 5 × 10 = 50 cm and 6 × 10 = 60 cm ½
Section B
3. Let the sides are 5x, 12x and 13x then,
Perimeter = 5x + 12x + 13x = 120
30x = 120
x = 4 cm (½)
Then sides are 20 cm, 48 cm, 52 cm
120 = 60
s = cm (½)
2
Area = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c)

= 60(60 − 20)(60 − 48)(60 − 52) (½)

= 60 × 40 × 12 × 8 = 10 × 6 × 10 × 4 × 6 × 2 × 4 × 2
= 10 × 6 × 4 × 2 = 480 cm2. (½)

P-92 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
4. Let third side = x
Then 24 + 10 + x = 60
x = 60 – 34 = 26 cm (½)

60 = 30
s = cm (½)
2

Area = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c)

= 30(30-24)(30-10)(30-26) (½)

= 30 × 6 × 20 × 4 = 10 × 3 × 3 × 2 × 10 × 2 × 4
= 10 × 3 × 4 = 120 cm2. (½)
Section C
5. Sides of a triangle are a = 6 cm, b = 6 cm, c = 4 cm

a + b + c = 6 + 6 + 4 = 16 = 8
s = cm (½)
2 2 2

A = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c) (1)

= 8 ×2 ×2 ×4
= 8 2 cm2 (½)

Area of two black triangles = 8 2× 2 = 16 2 cm2 (½)

Area of two white triangles = 16 2 cm2. (½)


Section D
6. For one identical triangular leaf, let
a = 28 cm, b = 15 cm and c = 41 cm
a + b + c = 28 + 15 + 41
Also, s =
2 2

= 84 = 42 cm (1)
2
Using Heron’s formula,

Area of one triangular leaf = s( s – a )( s – b)( s – c)

= 42(42–28)(42–15)(42–41) (1)

= 42 × 14 × 27 × 1
= 3 × 14 × 14 × 3 × 9 = 9 × 14
= 126 cm2 (1)
There are 6 leaves in a circle.
So, total number of leaves in 2 circles = 2 × 6 = 12
∴ area of 12 leaves = (12 × 126) cm2 = 1512 cm2
Hence, total area to be painted red = 1512 cm2. (1)
qq

A R E A S P-93
SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-68

Section A
3
1. Clearly, the length of the altitude of an equilateral triangle of side ‘a’ is a. 1
2
2. x = 102 − 62 = 8 cm
1
Area of right triangle = × base × height (½)
2

1
= × 6 × 8 = 24 cm2. (½)
2

Section B
3. Let the longest side be 90 cm and other side BC be 54 cm

AB = 902 − 54 2 = 72 cm (½)
1
∴ Area of the triangle = ×b×h
2
1
= × 54 × 72 (1)
2
= 1944 cm2. (½)
4. Perimeter of rhombus = 4 × side = 200
side = 50 m (½)
50 + 50 + 80 = 90
For ∆ABC, s = m (½)
2

Area of ∆ABC = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c)
= 90 × (90 − 50)(90 − 50)(90 − 80)
= 90 × 40 × 40 × 10
= 1200 m2. (½)
∴ Area of rhombus = 2 × Area of ∆ABC
= 2 × 1200 = 2400 m2. (½)

Section C
96 + 52 + 52 = 200 = 100
5. For ∆ABC, s = m (½)
2 2
Area = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c)

= 100 × 4 × 48 × 48 (½)
= 10 × 2 × 48 = 960 m2 (½)

P-94 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Area of rhombus = 960 × 2 = 1920 m2 (½)

Area to be grazed by 20 cows = 1920 m2


1920
Area to be grazed by 1 cow = (½)
20
= 96 m2. (½)
Section D
6. a = 120 m, b = 170 m, c = 250 m (½)
a + b + c = 120 + 170 + 250 = 540 = 270
s =
2 2 2
Area = s( s − a) (s − b) (s − c ) (½)

= 270 × (270 − 120)(270 − 170)(270 − 250)


= 270 × 150 × 100 × 20 (½)
= 81000000 (½)
= 9000 m2 (½)
1
Area = × base × height (½)
2
1
9000 = × 250 × h (½)
2
h = 72 m. (½)
Value based question
7. (i) Let the sides of the triangle be a, b and c.
a : b : c = 12 : 17 : 25
a = b c =k
= (say)
12 17 25
⇒ a = 12k, b = 17k, c = 25k (½)
Perimeter = 540 cm
a + b + c = 540
12k + 17k + 25k = 540
54k = 540
540 = 10
k = (½)
54
Hence a = 12 × 10 = 120 cm, b = 17 × 10 = 170 cm, c = 20 × 10 = 250 cm
1 × 540
Now s = = 270 cm
2
(s – a) = (270 – 120) cm = 150 cm
(s – b) = (270 – 170) cm = 100 cm
(s – c) = (270 – 250) cm = 20 cm (½)

A R E A S P-95
∴ Area of triangle = s( s – a )( s – b)( s – c)
= 270 × 150 × 100 × 20 cm2
= 100 27 × 15 × 10 × 2 cm2
= 100 3× 3× 3 × 3 × 5 × 2 × 5 × 2 cm2
= 100 × 3 × 3 × 5 × 2
= 9000 cm2 (½)
(ii) Heron’s formula. (½)
(iii) A balanced ratio leads to good result. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-69

Section A
1. Perimeter of an equilateral triangle = 3a = 60 m
a = 20 m

Area = 3 a 2 = 3 × 20 × 20 = 100 3 m2. 1


4 4

a + b + c 8 + 7 + 15
2. S = = = 15 cm 1
2 2
Section B
3. a = 15 cm, b = 15 cm, c = 12 cm

a + b + c = 15 + 15 + 12 = 21
s = cm (½)
2 2

Area = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c) (½)

= 21 × (21 − 15)(21 − 15)(21 − 12)

= 21 × 6 × 6 × 9 (½)

= 18 21 cm2. (½)
Section C
20 + 50 + 50 = 120
4. s = = 60 cm (½)
2 2
Area of one triangular piece = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c) (½)

= 60(60 − 20)(60 − 50)(60 − 50)


= 60 × 40 × 10 × 10 (½)

= 200 6 cm2 (½)


Required cloth = 10 × 200 6 = 2000 × 2·45 (½)
= 4900 cm2. (½)

P-96 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section D
5. Rhombus,
Perimeter = 52 cm (1)
52 = 13
Side = cm
4
Diagonal = 24 cm (1)
OB = OD = 12 cm
OA = 132 − 122 = 169 − 144 = 25 = 5 cm (1)
1
Area of rhombus = 4 × × 5 × 12 (1)
2
= 120 cm2
Value based question
1 ( a + b + c ),
6. (i) If a, b, c be the lengths of sides BC, CA and AB of ∆ABC and if s = then
2
area of ∆ABC = s( s – a )( s – b)( s – c)
1 3a
∴ Here a = b = c (= a) and s = (a + a + a) = (½)
2 2
3a − a = a
s – a =
2 2
3a − a = a
s – b =
2 2
3a − a = a
s – c = (½)
2 2

area = ( 32a )(2a )(2a )(2a ) = a2 × 2a × 3

=3 a2 . ...(1) (1)
4
(ii) To find the area, when its perimeter = 180 cm2
Here, a + a + a = 180
⇒ 3a = 180
180 = 60
⇒ a =
3
Hence, required area = 3 × (60)2
4
= 900 3 cm2. (1)
(iii) Heron’s formula. (½)
(iv) We should follow the traffic rules to save our life. (½)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-70

Section A
1. Let the side of an isosceles right angle triangle be x, x and 5 2.
So, x 2 + x 2 = (5 2)2 ½
2x 2 = 25 × 2
x = 5 cm ½

A R E A S P-97
( )
2
2. x 2 + x 2 = 12 2

2x 2 = 144 × 2
x = 12 cm (½)
Given 3a = 4x (a, be a side of triangle)
3a = 4 × 12
a = 16 cm

Area of equilateral triangle = 3 a 2 = 3 × 16 × 16


4 4

= 64 3 cm2. (½)
Section B
3. Diagonals bisect each other at O.
Draw LOM ⊥ AB.
OL = OM = 3 cm
1 ×8×3
Area of shaded region OAB = (2)
2
= 12 cm2.
Section C
51 + 37 + 20 = 108
4. s = = 54 cm (½)
2 2

Area = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c) (½)

= 54(54 − 51)(54 − 37)(54 − 20)


= 54 × 3 × 17 × 34 (½)
= 306 cm2 (½)

Total areaoftriangularfield
No. of rose beds = Areaoccupiedbyeachrosebed (½)

306 = 51
= . (½)
6
26 + 28 + 30 = 84
5. s = = 42 cm (½)
2 2

Area of ∆ = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c) (½)

= 42(42 − 26)(42 − 28)(42 − 30) (½)

=42 × 16 × 14 ×12 (½)


= 336 cm2
Again, area of parallelogram = Area of triangle (1)
b × h = 336 (½)
28 × h = 336 (½)
h = 12 cm (½)

P-98 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
Section D
1
6. ar (∆BCD) = × 12 × 5 = 30 m2 (½)
2
BD = 12 2 + 52 = 13 m2 (½)
13 + 8 + 9 = 15
For ∆ABD, s = cm
2
Area of ∆ABD = 15 × 2 × 7× 6
= 6 35 m2 (1½)

(
ar (quad. ABCD) = 30 + 6 35 m2. ) (½)
7. Let the equal sides be x, then

x + x + 3 x = 42
2
7x
= 42 (1)
2
x = 12 cm

Then sides are 12 cm, 12 cm and 18 cm


12+12+18 42 = 21
s = = cm (1)
2 2

Area = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c)

= 21(21 − 12)(21 − 12)(21 − 18) (1)

= 21 × 9 × 9 × 3

= 27 7 cm2. (1)
qq

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-71

Section A
1. Sides are 3x, 4x, 5x, then,
3x + 4x + 5x = 36
⇒ 12x = 36 ⇒ x = 3 ½
∴ Sides are a, b, c are 9 cm, 12 cm, 15 cm. ½
1
2. Area of ∆ABC = × 4 × 4 = 8 cm2 1
2
Section B
3. Let a = 20 cm, b = 30 cm, c = 40 cm

a + b + c = 20 + 30 + 40
Then s = = 45 cm
2 2

A R E A S P-99
Now, using Heron’s formula,

Area of ∆ = s( s – a )( s – b)( s – c) (1)

= 45(45–20)(45–30)(45–40) cm 2

= 45 × 25 × 15 × 5 cm2
= 3 × 3 × 5 × 5 × 5 × 3 × 5 × 5 cm2
= 3 × 5 × 5 × 15 cm2
= 75 × 3·873 cm2
= 290·48 cm2 . (1)
Section C

4. Area of the equilateral triangle = 3 a 2 = 3 × 10 × 10 (½)


4 4

= 25 3 sq. cm = 25 × 1·732
= 43·3 sq. cm (1)

In ∆BDC, DC = 102 − 82 = 6 cm (½)

1 × 6 × 8 = 24
∴ Area of ∆BDC = sq. cm (½)
2
∴ Area of unshaded portion = 43·3 – 24
= 19·3 sq. cm. (½)

Section D
5. Let the equal sides be ‘a’ units, then
a + a + 24 = 2a + 24
s = (½)
2 2
= a + 12

Area = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c) (½)

60 = ( a + 12)( a + 12 − a)( a + 12 − a)( a + 12 − 24)

= ( a + 12)(12)(12)( a − 12) (½)

60 = ( a2 − 144) × 12

5 = a2 − 144 (½)
On squaring both sides, we get
25 = a2 – 144
a2 = 25 + 144 = 169
a = 13 cm (½)
Perimeter = 13 + 13 + 24 = 50 cm (½)

P-100 M A T H E M A T I C S -- IX T E R M - 1 S
6. In ∆ABC, AC 2 = AB2 + BC2
AC 2 = 9 2 + 402

= 81 + 1600 = 1681 (½)


AC = 41 m
1
Area of ∆ABC = ×b×h (½)
2
1
= × 9 × 40
2
= 180 m2
28 + 41 + 15 = 84 = 42
For ∆ACD, s = m (½)
2 2

Area = s( s − a )( s − b )( s − c)

= 42(42 − 28)(42 − 41)(42 − 15) (½)

= 42 × 14 × 1 × 27 (½)
= 126 m2 (½)
Area of quadrilateral = Area of ∆ABC + Area of ∆ACD (½)
= 180 + 126 = 306 m2. (½)
qq

FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT WORKSHEET-72

Section A
This worksheet contains activities that are to be performed in the class itself.
qq

A R E A S P-101