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PicoBTS

Siemens

PicoBTS

Contents
1
2
2.1
2.2
3
4
4.1
4.2
4.3
4.4
5
5.1
5.2
5.3
6

Main Features
Architecture
Basic Planning Rules
Configuration
Mechanics
Agent
Antenna
Antenna Combiner
Server-Agent Interface
Agent Characteristics
Server Modules
CC Interface Board
DC Remote Feeding
Generic Modules
Exercises

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

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Siemens

PicoBTS

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

PicoBTS

Siemens

Main Features

Fig. 1 PicoBTS Agent

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

PicoBTS

Fig. 2 PicoBTS Server

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

PicoBTS

Siemens

The picoBTS (BS242) is derived from the BS240 platform and is aligned to main line
features with exceptions and additions mentioned below.
PicoBTS features a split architecture, with a core part ("Server") and up to 24 remote
carrier units ("Agents").
The Server offers Abis interfaces; clock recovery and O&M centralized functions. The
Agent provides single TRX management. The two parts are connected in a star
configuration by dedicated link on twisted pair ("CCSLink"), which derives from the
CCLink (link between COBA and carrier unit in BS24x).
All configurations from 24 TRX in one cell to 24 cells with one TRX each are
available.
The application is indoor; the typical subscribers are quasi-stationary with a business
subscriber profile (100-150 mE).
The main features are:
l

Originally designed for indoor application (outdoor application planned)

Remote Agent power feeding

E-GSM900, GSM1800 and GSM1900 frequency bands

Dual band in the same server (e.g. GSM900 and GSM1800 Agents can be
connected to the same Server)

Internal and external antennas for the Agent

RF frequency hopping (no base band hopping is provided)

Maximum output power:


200 mW at antenna connectors for GSM1800/GSM1900 and
100 mW for GSM900 (without duplexer)

RF characteristics according to GSM 05.05 following the added Pico-BTS class

Sensitivity: -88 dBm (GSM900), -95 dBm (GSM1800) according to GSM 05.05

Static power control (6 steps of 2 dB)

Inter-TRX of same cell are synchronized according to GSM 05.10 following the
added Pico-BTS class

Max 24 Agents (TRX) per Server

Up to 24 cells per picoBTS, max 24 TRX per cell

48 (additional) site alarms collected on the Server

Backup battery (optional) for Server

Wall and ceiling installation of Agents

Remote inventory

Abis interface (as for BTSplus):


Star, loop and multidrop chain connections;
Cross Connect functionality.

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2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

PicoBTS

Main BTS features not implemented on picoBTS

BTSplus features related to output power and RF combining

Antenna diversity

Service rack

All the features related to HW of BS6x and BS2x

GSM System Freq. Band Long Name

Uplink
(MHz)

Downlink
(MHz)

GSM900

P-GSM

Primary GSM

890 - 915

935 - 960

GSM900

E-GSM

Extended GSM

880 - 915

925 - 960

GSM1800

DCS

Digital Com. System

1710 - 1785

1805 - 1880

GSM1900

PCS

Personal Com. Service 1850 - 1910

1930 - 1990

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

PicoBTS

Architecture
Agent
#0

Agent
#1

Abis
AC/DC

Server

CCS Links

...
Agent
#22

Agent
#23

Fig. 3 PicoBTS Architecture

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2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

2.1

PicoBTS

Basic Planning Rules

Planning picoBTS is similar to planning BS240/241. Some parameters, which are


variable for BS240/241, are fixed for picoBTS:
l

Location condition:
indoor (outdoor location planned)

RF output power: the max output power is fixed to


100 mW for GSM900 and
200 mW for GSM1800/GSM1900

Antenna diversity: not implemented

Additional external alarms:


the Alarm Collection Terminal type ACTM is always installed

No link equipment can be placed inside the Server.

Only Synthesizer Frequency Hopping is provided.

The following planning aspects are the same for BS240/241 and picoBTS:

Full rate / half rate traffic channel (TCH/F, TCH/H)

Enhanced BTSE bring down / recovery at overtemperature

Emergency operation

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

PicoBTS

Planning Parameters
SBS System

GSM900, GSM1800, GSM900/GSM1800 Dual band,


GSM1900

Carriers per picoBTS

Up to 24 TRX

Carriers per Cell

Up to 24 TRX

Cell Configuration

Single Cell: 1 cell


Multi Cell: up to 24 cells

Antenna

Internal patch antenna (standard configuration)


External antenna (optional)

Antenna Combiner

On-air combining (standard solution)


External combiner/splitter for 2 TRX
Internal duplexer

Server Mains Input


Voltage

400 V/50 Hz, 3-phase ( 3 x 230 Vac single phase)

Agent remote power


feeding

Yes at 110V,

Backup Battery In
Server Rack

Yes (Optional, 30 min for 8/24 Agents),

Redundancy (as for


BTSplus)

Core redundancy

207 V/60 Hz, 2 -phase ( 2 x 120 Vac single phase)


No (Agent with local AC/DC supply, planned)
No (Standard)
BCCH reconfiguration
AC/DC N+1 redundancy (load sharing)

Frequency Hopping

Synthesizer Frequency Hopping only

Abis Link Configuration PCM30 and PCM24: star, loop, multidrop chain (drop and
(as for BS240/241)
insert on a 16 kbit/s and a 64 kbit/s basis)

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

2.2

PicoBTS

Configuration

2.2.1

Base Station System

All GSM frequency bands are supported:


l

GSM900 (E-GSM)

GSM1800

GSM1900

Dual-band operation for the same server is possible. Different carriers (same cell)
may have different operating frequency bands.

2.2.2

Carriers per Cell / Carriers per picoBTS

Depends on the traffic value calculation from the cell planning.


l

Maximum number of carriers per picoBTS is 24.

Minimum number of carriers per cell is one.

Maximum number of carriers per cell is 24.

2.2.3

Cell Configuration

The picoBTS is designed to serve max 24 cells.


l

Single cell: One picoBTS is serving one cell

Multi cell: One picoBTS is serving more than one cell, up to 24 cells.

2.2.4

Antenna / Combiner

The picoBTS has up to 24 TRX per cell, with on-air combining exclusively. In this
case, the same coverage for all the TRXs and the requested antennas decoupling
must be achieved.
The antenna system can be installed on the front panel of the Agent, using the
module called IPAP (Internal Patch Antenna Pico), or, alternatively, the antenna
can be located remotely from the agent and the module External Antenna Pico
(EXAP) has to be used. In this second case in order to have only one feeder cable
and one external antenna (TX+RX) a duplexer Pico (DUPLP) is installed on the front
panel of the Agent replacing the internal antenna.
An external combiner/splitter (EXSPLIT) for 2 carriers is available to use only one
external antenna for a cell with 2 carriers (ca. 3 dB loss).

10

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

PicoBTS

Agent

I
P
A
P
E
X
A
P

Agent

Server

Agent

D
U
P
L

Agent

D
U
P
L

Agent

D
U
P
L

E
X
A
P

E
X
S
P
L
I
T

E
X
A
P

Fig. 4 Different Antenna Configurations for Agent

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

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Siemens

2.2.5

PicoBTS

Server and Agent Power Supply

The Server is designed for 400 V AC 3-phase ( 3 x 230 Vac single phase, European
market) or 207 V AC 2-phase ( 2 x 120 Vac single phase, US market) power supply
The Agent is remotely powered from the Server with 110 V.
The Agent can be supplied with AC main input voltage directly using an AC/DC
converter placed near the Agent (planned).

2.2.6

Backup Battery

Backup battery is optionally installed in the Server rack for feeding the Server and up
to 8 / 24 Agents for about 30 min.
If the picoBTS is equipped with a backup battery and the AC mains breaks down, the
battery takes over the power supply of the BTSE. To keep the picoBTS in operation
for an extended time, it is necessary to switch over to "emergency operation" after a
predefined time. In this mode none or only operator-defined TRX remain in operation.
All other TRX are switched off.

2.2.7

Redundancy

Core modules (COBA, COSA) may be equipped redundantly. The core provides
l

clock signal,

link interface,

call control functions and

BTSE supervision.

Additionally, the following redundancy features are implemented:


l

BCCH redundancy: "BCCH reconfiguration" is a software feature available on all


mainline BTSE.

AC/DC (n+1) redundancy: n+1 AC/DC converters operate in load sharing, but n
AC/DC are able to supply the whole BTSE.

2.2.8

Synthesizer Frequency Hopping

Synthesizer Frequency Hopping means that TRX frequency changes from one
timeslot to the next. A hopping algorithm defined in the GSM recommendations gives
the hopping sequence.
In the picoBTS, baseband frequency hopping is not available.

12

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2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

PicoBTS

2.2.9

Abis Link Configuration

On the Abis interface the same configurations as for BTSplus are available.

#6
#2
#1

COBA

Abis

1
2

CC Link

CCINT

CCS Link

COSA
#6
#1

DCREFE

Main AC power

AC/DC & BATTERY

Fig. 5 Server Structure (simplified)

CLIPS
RX

LNA & RXFIL

RXA
CCLINK

LPA & TXFIL


IPAP /
EXAP

CCSlink

SIPRO

RAFE

TX

CCCP

TXA
DC/DC
Converter

Fig. 6 Agent Structure

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

13

Siemens

14

PicoBTS

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

PicoBTS

Siemens

Mechanics

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

15

Siemens

PicoBTS

Server Rack Pico


A Server rack has the dimensions:
Width * Height * Depth= 600 * 1600 * 450 [mm].
The BTSplus rack is designed for cabling access from top.
A Server rack can be equipped with all subracks and modules needed to configure a
picoBTS with up to 24 carriers. The 24 Agents are external to the Server rack.
The DC panel for picoBTS server contains the circuit breakers to protect the power
supply lines for the modules, the ACTC. The front panel of the DC Panel carries the
LMT connectors.
The Mains Supply Unit contains the lightning protection, the EMI filter and the
connection terminal for the main input voltage line.
The EMI panel for the feed-through of the cabling on top of the rack and at the
bottom of the shelter contains two OVPT and two AGIN (Agent Interface).
Frames for Core Pico and AC/DC
The frame core pico consists of a subrack with two backplanes, one for the core part,
the other one for the CCINT/DCREFE section.
Furthermore, it includes the core mounting kit.
The frame core accommodates the core units COBA and COSA together with the
redundant core units, up to 6 CCINT, up to 6 DCREFE and 2 fan units.
The frame AC/DC consists of a subrack with a backplane, with an AC distribution and
an AC panel with AC breakers, DC distribution with DC battery breakers and the
Battery Deep Discharge Protection. The subrack provides space for accommodation
of 2 fan units, 6 AC/DC converters (but only 5 are used in picoBTS) and the
corresponding DC and battery controller (DCBCTRL).
Cover Parts
Cover parts close unequipped slots of the Server, so that the airflow inside is not
affected.
For every single slot of Server a cover part is available (COSA, CCINT, DCREFE,
AC/DC).
Agent Mounting Kit and Cover Box
A mounting kit is needed to install the Agent on a wall or on a ceiling.
Optionally, the agent can be equipped with a plastic front cover in four different colors
(white, white pearl, gray, and beige).

16

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

PicoBTS

Siemens

Fig. 7 picoBTS Hardware

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

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Siemens

18

PicoBTS

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2000 Siemens AG

PicoBTS

Siemens

Agent

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2000 Siemens AG

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Siemens

PicoBTS

The Agent consists of a single carrier unit. It provides all the call handing
management and the TRX related O&M functionality. It's a LRU (Least Replaceable
Unit) with an ESN (Electronic Serial Number).
The Agent consists of:
l

an analogue receive and transmit part with synthesizer, low power amplifier and
TX filter, low noise amplifier and RX filter,

signal processing unit,

power supply and

CCLink converter.

The Agent is fed by DC main voltage provided by Server on CCSLink.


The test connector, LED of the SIPRO and the ESN connector are accessible by
removing a small cover plate on the bottom of the Agent.
For each of the three available frequency bands there is a special type of Agent.
The Agent provides a single carrier. 24 Agents per Server can be installed.
Optionally, installation without local grounding is possible (planned).
Fault propagation through dependent modules
If there is only one Agent in the cell, this BTS is down if the Agent fails. If more than
one Agent is installed in a cell, performance for this cell is degraded in case of Agent
failure. If the carrier, which failed, was the BCCH carrier the BTS performs BCCH
reconfiguration, i.e. another Agent provides BCCH (and this Agent's TRX is
unavailable until the failed Agent is back in operation).

20

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

PicoBTS

Siemens

Fig. 8 Agent Structure

Fig. 9 Agent Hardware

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

21

Siemens

4.1

PicoBTS

Antenna

Two different configurations are available:


l

Internal patch antenna pico (IPAP) placed on the front panel of Agent

External Antenna pico (EXAP), remote from the Agent

There is one type of antenna for each of the three available frequency bands.
Per Agent, one IPA or one EXA, alternatively, is installed.

4.2

Antenna Combiner

In order to reduce the number of external antennas and feeder cables, two types of
combiners for each of the three available frequency bands are available:
l

Duplexer DUPL placed on the Agents front panel,

Remote external splitter EXSPLIT for two carriers used together with the internal
duplexer.

With the duplexer DUPL only one cable to the external antenna is needed. The
duplexer replaces the internal antenna. The max. output power at the duplexer output
is ca. 20 dBm (100 mW) for all frequency bands.
For two Agents, an external combiner/splitter (together with a Duplexer) is used to
reduce the number of antennas. The combiner/splitter introduces a loss of ca. 3 dB.
The same ("broadband") hardware is used for all frequency bands.
For an internal antenna system no combiner is needed

22

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2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

PicoBTS

4.3

Server-Agent Interface

The maximum distance between Server and Agent depends on the wire diameter
(and the number of pairs used). Assuming 110 V of remote feeding via two (shielded)
twisted pairs and common in-house installation conditions including crosstalk, taps in
same duct etc. (c.f. international standard ISO/IEC 118801, European standard EN
50173 and US standard ANSI/TIA/EIA-568-A-1) the following distances are possible:
Wire Diameter (mm)

Max. Distance (km)

0.4

0.5

0.5

0.75

0.6

1.2

0.8

2.2

The Server-Agent star carries data, synchronization, remote feeding and clock signal.
The length limitation is due to remote power feeding.
The distances between Server and Agent can be increased to more than 4 km (0.8
mm, 1.3 km with 0.4 mm) by using 4 or 5 (unshielded) wire pairs (planned, "outdoor
picoBTS Agent").

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

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Siemens

4.4

PicoBTS

Agent Characteristics

The following table gives a summary of the most important Agent characteristics.
Characteristic

Value

Power consumption

ca 20 W (planned)

Volume

7.5 l

Weight

6.5 kg

Environmental Conditions

"extended indoor":
1. IP55 (waterproof),
2. -20 C .... +45 C (ambient
temperature, + 10 C solar load)

Box

24

Sealed, metallic

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

PicoBTS

I
P
A
P

Agent

E
X
A
P

Agent

Server

Agent

D
U
P
L

Agent

D
U
P
L

E
X
A
P

E
X
S
P
L
I
T

D
U
P
L

Agent

E
X
A
P

Fig. 10 Different Antenna Configurations for Agent

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2000 Siemens AG

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25

Siemens

26

PicoBTS

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

PicoBTS

Siemens

Server Modules

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

27

Siemens

5.1

PicoBTS

CC Interface Board

The CCINT board performs the rate adaptation on the CCLink interface where
remote Agents are connected to the Server through the new interface CCSLink.
Moreover, CCINT performs the following functions:
l Provides up to 4 Agent interconnections through 2 twisted pairs (per Agent);
l

Equalizes the electrical delay of CCSLink;

Detects and manages the CCSLinks alarms;

Provides CAN bus interconnection to the core.

There is only one type of CCINT board. SW download to CCINT is performed via the
CAN bus.
Up to 6 CCINT modules can be installed in the Server rack for a total of 24 Agents.
Fault propagation through dependent modules
A failure of CCINT causes the out of service of the 4 Agents connected to this board.

5.2

DC Remote Feeding

The DCREFE module provides the DC voltage for remote feeding of Agents. This
board generates a -110 V output with a maximum power of 300 W (4 Agents) derived
from the - 48V provided by the AC/DC modules or batteries. Up to 6 modules can be
used in the Server to feed max 24 Agents.
The alarms on DCREFE are sent to its supervising CCINT card. The Electronic Serial
Number is programmed into an E2PROM by the factory (and read by CCINT).
There is only one type of DCREFE.
There is one DCREFE for each CCINT board. If all the 4 agents connected to the
relative CCINT dont require remote power feeding, i.e. are locally fed (planned) the
DCREFE is not installed.
Agent #

0...3

4...7

8...11

12...15

16...19

20...23

CCINT #

DCREFE # 0

Fault propagation through dependent modules


A failure of DCREFE causes the loss of service for the 4 Agents connected to the
relative CCINT.

28

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

Siemens

PicoBTS

LM T
O

D C -P A N E L
A C T -C

ETHERNET

O N

CC I NT 5

D CR E F E 5DCR E F E 4

CC I NT 4

CC I NT 3

DCR E F E 3 DCR E F E 2

CC I NT 2

CC INT 1

D CR E F E 1D CR E F E 0

CC I NT 0

CO S A 1

CO B A 1

O N

CO S A 0

O N

CO B A 0

O N

A ir in le t
D
C
B
C
T
R
L

A
C
/
D
C
0

A
C
/
D
C
1

A
C
/
D
C
2

A
C
/
D
C
3

A
C
/
D
C
4

A C P A N E L (A C P )
A ir in le t

B a tte ry

B a tte ry

B a tte ry

B a tte ry

Fig. 11 picoBTS Server Rack

MN1780EU09MN_0001
2000 Siemens AG

29

Siemens

PicoBTS

5.3

Generic Modules

5.3.1

Core Basis COBA

The COBA is the central board of the core. The essential components are the
l

base core controller,

advanced clock generation,

Abis interfaces,

CCLink interfaces,

internal system alarm interface,

interface to one satellite board (COSA) and

LMT interface.

The main tasks of COBA are


l

local controlling of BTSE,

system clock generation,

providing all interfaces,

routing data to the Agent through CCINT and

handling O&M messages.

The COBA features two PCM30/24 interfaces and eight Agent interfaces.
If required, the COBA can be redundantly installed.
The COBA is needed once per Server rack. For more than 8 carriers, for a second
(terminating) PCMB line and for the feature cross-connect a core satellite board
COSA is installed, additionally.
Fault propagation through dependent modules
If no redundancy is installed and a failure occurs in the COBA, the entire BTSE is out
of operation and all active calls are lost. If there is a redundant COBA board installed
the switch logic on the active one switches over to the passive one and the redundant
COBA board is activated (cold standby).

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Fig. 12 Server Functional Structure

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5.3.2

PicoBTS

Core Satellite COSA

The task of the COSA board is to expand the number of Abis interfaces from two to
eight and the number of CCLinks from eight to 24.
The essential components are
l

FALCs (framing and line interface circuit, providing the PCM30/24 ports),

SELICs (serial link interface controller, providing the CU interface),

BISON (bit switch for optimized network architecture, switching between the Abisports and SELICs) and

interfaces to COBA.

The COSA is controlled via a satellite interface from the COBA.


The COSA features six PCM30/24 interfaces and 16 Agent interfaces.
The following table shows the number of required modules depending on the agents
installed. If an additional PCMB is connected to the Server, it has to be equipped with
the COSA board even for less than 8 Agents.
Agent #

0...3

4...7

8...11

12...15

16...19

20...23

CCINT #

DCREFE # 0

COBA

COSA

none

none

Fault propagation through dependent modules


If no redundancy is installed and a failure occurs in the COSA, the 16 connected
Agents are out of operation. The Agents connected to COBA remain active. If there is
a redundant core installed the switch logic on the active one switches over to the
passive one and the redundant core is activated. In case of a core failure, all active
calls are lost.

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5.3.3

Alarm Collection Terminal

The task of the Alarm Collection Terminal ACT is to collect all alarms for those Server
units having no access to the CAN bus and to pass them via CAN bus interface to
the COBA. Besides, it collects up to 48 external alarms.
Two types of ACT are used in the Server rack: ACTM and ACTC (both mandatory).
The ACTM contains its own DC/DC converter, a controller, interfaces towards the
CAN bus and an alarm interface for 48 site inputs. ACTM has a DIPswitch to set the
rack address.
ACTC is installed in the Server rack to collect all internal alarms. For easier rack
cabling, it is located in the DC-Panel. It has inputs for 16 internal alarms (2
temperature, 1 door, 4 fans and 9 rack internal alarms, which can be defined by the
operator). ACTC is directly connected to the COBA.
There is only one type of ACTM/ACTC.
Fault propagation through dependent modules
In case of failure of the ACT during operation the picoBTS continues working.

5.3.4

Overvoltage Protection and Tracer

The OVPT protects the PCM30/24 ports of the core boards from overvoltage and
provides an interface for monitoring the connected Abis lines.
The OVPT is performed by gas filled surge arrestors and is located outside the EMI
shield in order to deflect the overvoltage before it enters the EMI protected area
inside the rack. The OVPT contains clamp-blocks or microcoax to connect the
PCM30/24 cable and 9 test plugs to connect the monitor equipment. Resistors to
prevent distortion of the useful signal by the measuring equipment decouple the
monitoring interface. Additionally, the OVPT has an interface with protection to
connect an external synchronization clock.
There are two types of Overvoltage Protectors for symmetrical and coaxial
PCM30/24 lines, respectively.
One OVPT module is able to protect and monitor 4 PCM. In maximum configuration
of the BTSE with COBA, COSA and eight PCM30/24 lines, two OVPTs are required.

5.3.5

Agent Interface Module

The AGIN module is an adapter from two 50 pins sub-D connectors to a clamp blocks
connector for easy connections of CCSLinks. The module is equipped with gas filled
surge arrestors in order to protect the CCSLink lines from overvoltage.
The AGIN is located on the top of Server rack in the EMI panel. There is only one
type of AGIN. If more than 12 Agents are used, a second AGIN is required.

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5.3.6

PicoBTS

AC/DC Converter

The AC/DC converter is the mains connection module. It converts the mains voltage
of 230 V AC into the -48 V supply voltage.
There is only one type of AC/DC converter available. It is designed for a primary
voltage of 230 V AC and a DC output power of 720 W.
For the power supply N+1 redundancy is implemented: N+1 AC/DCs work in load
sharing operation. In case of failure of one AC/DC, the remaining N AC/DCs are
able to supply the entire BTSE.
The Server rack can house max 6 AC/DC modules and one controller DCBCTRLV1.
For picoBTS, max 5 AC/DC modules are needed. The AC/DC devices are working
together in parallel. The actual number of AC/DC modules needed depends on the
configuration of the picoBTS.
The following table shows the number of AC/DC converter modules needed versus
the number of installed Agents, with or without redundancy of AC/DC converter.
Agent #

0...3

4...7

8...1

12...15

16...19

20...23

CCINT #

DCREFE #

COBA

COSA

none

none

AGIN #

AC/DC Module #
0...1
(with redund. N+1)

0...2

0...2

0...3

0...3

0...4

AC/DC Module #
(w/o redundancy)

0...1

0...1

0...2

0...2

0...3

Fault propagation through dependent modules


If one AC/DC converter fails and if the redundancy module is installed, the other
AC/DCs still supply the full power supply for the entire picoBTS. If more than one
AC/DC fails, the BTSE continues operation with the remaining AC/DC in current
limiting operation and takes the rest from the backup battery for the defined holdtime.
After that time the BTSE immediately goes down. The feature emergency operation
allows extending the battery backup time in case of AC/DC failure.

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5.3.7

DC and Battery Controller

The DC and battery controller is the supervision unit for the AC/DC converters and
for the batteries charged from them. The DCBCTRL has a dipswitch to adjust the
frame address and the battery capacities of the connected battery system.
There is only one type of AC/DC controller. It is needed once per AC/DC subrack.
Fault propagation through dependent modules
If the AC/DC controller is faulty, an alarm is generated but BTSE operation continues.

5.3.8

Fan Unit

The fans are responsible for the cooling of the digital and analogue electronic devices
in the Server rack. The fan is half a subrack wide.
There is only one type of fan available. Two fans per subrack are required. Thus, in
the Server rack, four fans in total are installed.
Fault Propagation through dependent modules
The fan working/not working indication is collected by the ACTC and processed by
the COBA.

5.3.9

Backup Battery

The backup battery guarantees continuous operation of picoBTS in case of mains


breakdown or AC/DC failure (up to 8/24 Agents for about 30 minutes in normal
operation condition).
The battery unit is optional. It can be added also on already installed Server without
interruption of service. The battery backup time can be extended using the feature
emergency configuration.
There are four types of backup battery available (30 min backup time for up to 8 or up
to 24 Agents, 37 Ah and 80, 85, 100 Ah, respectively). It can only be installed once
per Server.
Fault propagation through dependent modules
If the backup battery fails, operation continues as long as the AC/DC converters
provide power.

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5.3.10

PicoBTS

Mounting Kits

There are mounting kits for protecting the external alarm lines on ACTM from
overvoltage (optional, same as BS240) and for terminating the CAN bus lines with
resistors (mandatory). Besides, there are two mounting kits for all the cables,
including the battery temperature sensor cable, to connect the battery to the AC/DC
modules.

5.3.11

Line Protection Agent

The module LIPAGE protects the Agent from overvoltage on CCSLink wires with gas
filled surge arrestors. It is located outside the Agent and contains clamp blocks to
connect the CCSLink wires to the Server and to the Agent.
There is only one type of LIPAGE. It is needed once per Agent.

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Exercises

How many Agents does one picoBTS server support? How many racks are
required in the max. configuration?

Which modules are located in the Server rack? Which of these are also used in
BS24x?

Give three reasons for using a COSA in picoBTS server!

Which types of redundancy are supported by picoBTS?

What are the conditions for placing the Agent indoor / outdoor? How many carriers
does an Agent support?

What is the max distance between Server and Agent? What is the limiting factor?

Give three main limitations of picoBTS compared to BS24x!

Which antenna configurations are available for picoBTS Agents?

How many external alarms can be collected on picoBTS server? Which alarm
collection terminals are available (optional, mandatory)?

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