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MF 2005 & MF2006 Innovative design

Exam Wednesday October 30, 2013


Part 1
Time: 9.00 - 13.00

This exam consists of two parts:


Part 1:
Allowed aids:

Short questions (42p)


Writing and drawing materials, calculator
ANSWER IN THIS BOOKLET !

Part 2:

Investigating questions which require engineering based


considerations (38p)
The book Maskinelement by Karl-Olof Olsson, The book
Machine Elements in Mechanical Design by Robert L.Mott,
Maskinelement handbok, Formulas in solid mechanics, Karlebo
handbok

Allowed aids:

Part 2 is given to you when you submit part 1

Name
Personal nr
Signature
No of separete
sheets:

GOOD LUCK !

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovativ konstruktion


Tenta 2013-10-30, Del 1

Sida 2(14)

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative Design


Exam 2013-10-30, Part 1

Sida 3(14)

Part 1:
1. Explain what Innovation respectively Invention means and how these are related?
(3p)

2. Sketch the torque as a function of the speed of an (AC ) induction (or asynchronous)
motor. Mark interesting torque levels and the operation point on the graph. (3p)

3. In a pre-tensioned bolted joint the bolt is pre tensioned to 40 kN. How big is the
maximal force in the bolt when the joint is loaded with 15 kN. The flange stiffness is 7
times the stiffness of the bolt. (3p)

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative Design


Exam 2013-10-30, Part 1

Sida 4(14)

4. Give three solutions of axial locking of a single row deep groove ball bearing on a
shaft. (3p)

5. For belt transmissions you can use a constant axial load as a method to pre tension the
belts. Approximately how much should you pretension the belt? Answer in relation to
the transmitted torque (3p)

6. Name three different types of hydraulic motors / pumps (3p).

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative Design


Exam 2013-10-30, Part 1

Sida 5(14)

7.

The above figure contains several errors! Suggest one solution for each figure (3p).

8. Give three examples of how to arrange for lubrication of a chain transmission. (3p)

9. Describe how to think and reason to design and dimension a torque limiting pin
(cylindrical pin inserted through radial holes in the hub and shaft) for a propeller shaft
on an outboard engine for a motorboat. The torque limiting pin should break and save
the motor shaft when the propeller is hitting something that causes a sudden stop. (3p)

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative Design


Exam 2013-10-30, Part 1

10. Machine components

Sida 6(14)

(2p)

a) What is A pointing at?


_______________________________________________________
b) What is C pointing at?
_______________________________________________________
c) What kind of roller bearing is D pointing at?
_______________________________________________________
d) What is the name of the whole device shown in the figure?

________________________________________________________

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative Design


Exam 2013-10-30, Part 1

Sida 7(14)

11. You must transmit a torque of 50 Nm to a hub with a friction joint

Which surface pressure is required in the joint, when =0,3, Ri=15mm, Ry=25mm
and l= 30mm? (4p)

12. You want a transition fit that varies between +0,17 and -0,17 mm, (3p)
+0,12
the dimension of the shaft is 50

0,05
give the tolerances for the hole____________________________________________

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative Design


Exam 2013-10-30, Part 1

Sida 8(14)

13. The sectioned cut view of a drawing is shown below. This is from a front wheel
bicycle hub. Add necessary additional views of the original part.
Dimension the detail views (surface finish and tolerances should be included)
(6p)

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative Design


Exam 2013-10-30, Part 1

Sida 9(14)

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative design


Exam Wednesday October 30, 2013
Part 2
Part 2 include 38p
Time: 9.00 -13.00

Allowed aids:

The book Maskinelement by Karl-Olof Olsson, The book


Machine Elements in Mechanical Design by Robert L.Mott,
Maskinelement handbok, Formulas in solid mechanics, Karlebo
handbok

ANSWER THE QUESTIONS ON A SEPARATE PAPER!


START ON A NEW SHEET FOR EACH QUESTION !
DONT WRITE AT THE BACK OF THE PAPER !

GOOD LUCK !

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative Design


Exam 2013-10-30, Part 2

Sida 12(14)

Part 2 :
I. You have been commissioned to design a connection between the drive shaft and blade of a
circular saw with dimensions as shown below. The blade is purchased ready made with
dimensions according to the figure below. The shaft is a steel shaft with a diameter of
20mm of material SS -1650. Shaft dimensions before processing the selected configuration
is shown in the figure below.
You should constructively to ensure that the torque can be transferred to the blade in a
satisfactory way and lock the shaft against the blade both axially and radially.
Report your assumptions!

Shaft

Blade

a) Report your new parts that you think are necessary, including a modified shaft, with
dimensioned sketches where it is clear how your design solution will work! This
means that you need to make sketches of the whole assembly as well as of the
individual parts (12p).

Report your assumptions!

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative Design


Exam 2013-10-30, Part 2

Sida 13(14)

II. A flagpole that consists of a 10m long tapered plastic tubing should be attached to its
foundation in the ground with a screw joint. The flagpole is exposed for an aerodynamic
force whose magnitude when no flag is hoisted, is given by the expression:
1
2 A C D , where
2
= density of air (1,22 kg/m3)
v = wind speed;
A = force absorbing area;
CD = air resistance coefficient (approximately CD =1 when blowing cross a profile)
F =

The foot of the flagpole should be fastened to the ground by a screw joint (flange) of the type
shown in the figure above. The lower plate will be place close to the ground and the long
screws will be molded in rock or concrete.
Your task is to dimension the flange joint. Estimate from the given data which load case and
which load that is dimensioning for the flange joint.
Keep in mind that, if possible, to avoid fatigue of the screws. (12p)
Report your assumptions!

Maskinkonstruktion
KTH

MF2005 & MF2006 Innovative Design


Exam 2013-10-30, Part 2

Sida 14(14)

We have the task to design an industrial lift table according to the following principle sketch
where L = 1200 mm. We should be able to control the table height between 320 mm (min height) to
1040 mm (max height), with the help of a hydraulic cylinder. The hydraulic cylinder is connected
to a pump that can give a maximum of 50 bar.
The table should be a maximum load of 100 kg.

III.

a) Determine suitable placement of connection point (E ) as well as stroke length


for the cylinder with the condition that the wanted table heights can be obtained.
(6p)
b) Calculate necessary force and piston size for the hydraulic cylinder. (6p)
c) What type of joints is necessary at A,B,C and D to make the lifting table to work
as intended? (2p)

Report your assumptions!