Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 172



I ~..


. .. Learning


John Hughes




Real life (functions)


be (am/1<;/are)
possessive 's and
possessive adjellives

pPrsonal intorrndtion
wordbuilding: word roots
everyday verb~
word foLu~: in

meeti ng people fur the

first time

contr;KtPd forms
the s;imp or
d1ffPrent sounds


/II or /i:/

pages 9 20
VIDEO: World party page 18

REVIEW page 20

plurill no1ms
this, that, these. those
there 1slr1rP
prepositions of place

everydily objects
countries ;rnd national ilie~
wordburlrl1ng suffixes (1)
word forn s: one/one5

pages 2 1- 32
VIDEO: Coobcr Pedy's opals page 30

wurd ~tress
w11 lrd~ live stress

h'.EVI FW page 32

present ~imple

tel ling the lime

ridjectives at.Juul cities
places ot work
word tocus: wurk
wordbuildinq: wllocations
cardinal and ordinal

pages 33-44



-s endings
saying numhPrs

places ind Lily

VIDEO: Cowley Road page 42

Pree time

RFVlEW page 44

like/love + -mg
adverbs of frpquency
expressions of

Iree-tirne activities
wurdbuilding: verb +
11uun collocilt1ons

talk.inc.i dbout abilities

and irilere~ts

sf'ntPnrP stress

ordering a mPril

ltfl or /d3/
linking of


pages 45-56

VIDEO: In m y frl"f' lime page 54

pages 57 68

REVIEW page 56


countable and
uncountable 11uuns
(a. some and dny)
a lot of and nul much I
not many
how many I /Juw much

VllJEO: Cf'latn University page 66


verb + monPy collocations

-ecJ/-ing adjectives
wordbui lding: compo1mrl
n O Ull ~

pages 69-80
VIDEO: Bactrian treasure page 78

contracted forms

REVIEW page 68

p;ist simple (affirmative):
regulilr rinrl irregular


foorl Vf'rbS
qu;int1t1Ps and contai ne r~
word focus of
il mPn1 r
wordhurlding: British or
AmNrcan English

REVIEW page 80


-ed endings
stress 1n questions



Critical thinking



an explorer talking about a

an interview w ith an
people at a confei-ence

an ai-ticle about a
fami ly of explorers
an article about world

the w riter 's purpose

asking questions
friends and family
facts about countries

text type: a
w riting skill : and.

someone talking about a

fami ly's plastic possessions
an interview wi th Andy

an article about tour

apar1ments in Seoul
an article about a
global product

close reading

your objects and

a room in your home
where things are

a description ot
a room in your
text type: adve11s
writing skill :
describing objects
with adjectives

someone talking abou t

a 24-hour re::.taurant in
an interview with a student
living in London
an interview with Beverley

an artille about 110-Lar

an artille about
language::. spoke11
arou11d the world


your life
inforrnatio11 about
a pholuLJrapher
favourite r1urnbers
and their relevarKe

text type: a
description ol
a place
writing skill : capital

three people talking about

their free time activities
<Jn interview with Norbert

an article about
identical twins
an article about a
nature photographer
a11 artille about
extreme ::.purl::.
a11 advert for volunteer

fact or opinion

likes and dislikes

daily life
your abili lie::.

text type: ::.hort

wrilillLJ ::.kill:
reference words

someone talking about a

noodle chef in Chinatow11
people describing famous
dishes from their wunlries
a w11ver::.atior1 al a market

an artille about food

ma rket::. around the
an article about the
Svalbard Global Seed
Va ult


famous dishes from

ditterent countries
plan ning a special
buying food at a
summarising an

text type.
writing skill :

someone talking about a

street musician
an interview with two
peop le at a museum
people asking for monry in
drffrrt>nt ~1tuat1ons

an article about
an article about
t reasurr
an article about the
history of money


someone's past lrfe

important year~ rn
yom lifr
a ~urvey ;ibout

a rlr~cri ptrnn of
~omPOnr~ lrfr
trxt typr : thank
you messages
writing skill: formal
and informal





Real life (functions)


past simple: negatives

and questions
comparative adjectives
superlative adjectives

travel verbs
journey adjectives
word focus: than
journey, travel or trip?
wordbui lding: really/very+
online w ri ting

asking about a trip


Jo urneys
pages 8 1- 92

VIDEO: Wume n in spnce page 90


lff.VIFW page 92

have got I has got

present continuous

pages 93-104

adjectives about festivals

tace and appearance
w ord tocus: like
word building: phrasal
parts of the body

VIDEO: Festivals and specinl events page 102



and weak
intonation in

going to (for plans)

infinitive of purpose
present continuous for
future reference

talking about pictures

and photos

groups of
silent letters

invitinq and makinq


/l 'J/

REVIEW page 104

types ot tilm
art and entertainment
worduuik.lin4: ~u f fixe~ (2)


en thu~id~r11

Film and the

pages 105-116

VIDEO: Camera trap s page 114



REVIEW page 116

presenl perfe<.t
pre~enl perfe<.t <:md pa~t

pages 117- 128

~cience subjects
everyday technology
rnernory and learning
word building: synonyms
dnd antonyrm
scien<.e and invention
email addres~e~ and

VIDEO: Memory and langu age learning page 126

pages 129- 140

shuuld/::.l 1uuldr1'l
have lO I don'l hdve lu,
somew/1ere, 11uw/1ere,

VIDEO: Mecca and the H ajj page 138 II-


making suggestions

I A!, lo/ or /u:/

REVIEW page 140


The Earth
pag es 141 - 152


contrastive stress

REVIEW page 128

types of holiday
wordbui lding: word
forms (1)
word focus: take
in another count ry

definite the or no article

VI11EO: Vu lcn nueis page 150


checking and clarifying

wordbuilding: word
forms (2)
land and water
word focus: how
Lhe Edr th dnd other

m;ikrng ;i rresentation

pausing on

REVIEW page 152





AU IJIOSC RWl 'S page 170



Critical thinking



someone tillk1ng about the

a progr.-imme about
journeyc; 1n history
a progrilmme about dnirnal

an ;irt1cle about d
flight from the past
;in article about space

fact or opinio11

a iourney you made

your opinio11
a general k11owledge

a general
knowledqe quiz
text type: d travel
writing skill: .so,

somPone describing the

Dinagyang fe~tival
il conversation dbout m.-iskc;
rit a festival

an article dbout
a tashion
an article dbout


close reading

people's appedrance
what people dre

tPxt type. texb and

onllne messaqe~
writing skill.
texts peak

decidinq which films

to see
your future plans

text type . review~

;ind comment~
writing skill. givi11q
your opinion with
c;enc;e verbs


a text dbout

t;ilking about an
outdoor cinPma
two peoplP ;it a film testivdl
an intcrv1Pw w ith Adrian
two peoplP discussing a
Broadwily show

an article ilhout the All

roads film f Pstival
an article ilbout a
wi ldl1fo filmmaker
an article rihout nature
in art

the writer's

somPone talking about the

human brain
;in interview with someone
;ihout technology
;i nPws report about d
mPmory champior1
c;omeone phoning hi~ office

a survPy ;ibout
outrliltPd technology
11gsaw reading about
an article about new

the main argument

dnd supporting

experience with
somethinq you have

the m;i1n argument

text type a
writing skill

c;omPone talking about their

a porlc;ic;t from a travel
two fnenrlc; cllscuss1ng a lr ip
to South AmPrica

J qu17 from a travel

arguments for ilnrl


advice lor a touri~t

what's importa11t i11
;i hotel

a dec;rnpt1on of a
touric;t dPc;tinat1on
text typP : il
feedback form
writing skill:
closed and opPn


a tou nst information
d travel art1clP



a documentary about a
dll interview about film
director JamP'i Cameron
dnd the Mari.-ina TrPnch

maps showing climate

an drticle about
u11explored placc>s on
an article about a new
an article dbout Earth

structur inq dll


your fiiture
pl.-ices on Farth
life on another

text type: a poster

writing skill:
important words
dlld information

Unit 1 World party

How big is seven billion?

Compare ways of learning languages.

Unit 12 Volcanoes
The science and history of Earth's most
amazing places.

Unit 3 Cowley Road

Unit 9 Camera traps

How a director films t he secret lives of


Interviews with real people about their


I ~'~

Unit 6 Bactrian Leasure

Discover the history of an ancient

.. .




... -


...,,J ' '






Follow people who take religious


Unit 2 Coobcr Pcdy's opals

Go under a town in Australia for opals.

Unit 1 People


1 Loo k at the pho to and tlw rnpt ion. Wh t"re is tht' t'xplore r?

10 Explorers

Tlow <l husband and w ift'

arc bo th explorers

12 A family in East Africa

Tlw s tory o f <l
fom ily

(;i mo us

14 The face of seven

billion people

Wha t is the p hotographer 's name?

1.1 Lis ten to nn in terv iew w ith an t'xplort'r. Ma tch the
answers w ith th0 qu0stions.
1 Wha t's your na1110?
The UK.
2 Wht'rt' a re you from ?
b Stephe n Alvarez.
3 Wha t's his nam e?
c Richard Turner.
4 Wht'rt''s he from?
d TTC''s fro m the USA.

3 Talk to ~tud ents in your class. Ask nnd nnswer these que~tions.
Hello. What's your name?
My name's ...

Facts and fig urt's o n the

world's popula tion
Where are you from?

18 World party

I'm from ...

How big is sevt'n billion?

What's his/her name?
His/Her name's ...

Where's he/she from?

He/She's from ...

list ening interview with an explorer vocabulary personal information grammar be (am / is/are)
pronunciation contracted forms speaking asking questions

--1a Explorers



Grammar be

1 Look a t the photo of two explorers. Whe rC' nr<' th<'y from ?


S ~ 1.2 Listen lo nnd read the

1.2 Listen tu an interv iew wi th Cl ll explo rer. !\ re these

sentences true (T) or fa lse (F)?

1 Hii: . name's Mike nunwy.

2 He'i::. from the USA.
3 He's married.
4 ~ Burney is hi s w if<'.

5 She's a photo~rapher.
6 Mike and Sally are from Wales.
7 They're twenty-six years old.

Vocabulary personal information

3 Add the un de rlined word s from the sentences in F.x<'rrise 2 to
the table.

interview wi th Mik<' Burney from

Exercise 2. Ci rck fo rms of be in
each sentence.

First name


Su rnam e


Jo b/Occupatio n



M arital status

sing le





4 Add info rmation about you tu the ta ble in Exercise 3.

HC'll o. Wh at's your name?

My nnnw's Mike Burney.
A rC' you fro m Crea t Britain ?
Yes, T'm fro m Wa les, but l
trnvel all the time.
And a rc you married?
Yes, Tam . My wifo'i::. name is
Sally. She isn't a t home al the
mo ment.
Why? What's her job?
She's also an explorer and WC'
often travel together.
Is she from Wales loo?
u, she ii:>n't. She's rro m
Canad a.
Are yo u lhe sn mc age?
No, we nrrn ' t. T'm thirty-six
a nd Sn ll y is thirty-five.

6 Louk at the forms you cin.:led in Exercise 5. Which forms nre

a) affirmiltive, b) negative, c) questions CJnd d) ~hurt answ0rs?

Louk at tlw grnnunar box and check your answers.

Affirm ative
I'm (am) a st udent.
You/we/they're (are) married.
He/she/it's (is) from Canada.
I'm not (am not) a teacher.
You/we/they aren't (are not) married.
He/she/it isn't (is not) from the USA.
Questions and short answers
What's your name?
Where is she from?
Are you from Great Britain? Yes, I am./ No, I'm not.
Is she single? Yes. she is. I No, she isn't.
For further information and practice, see page 157.

7 Pronunciation contracted forms

a ,. 1.3 List0n . Tick (.I) the form you hear.

'm .I
'm not
aren 't
isn 't
8 's


b "" 1.3


ain not
cire not
is not

Listen ngCJ in and repeat the sentences.

~ 1.4

Mike Burney is nt the airport in

/\uckland. Complete the conversation
with the correct form of he. Then fo;ten
nnd check .

=Mik0 nurney
C: Cood CJfternoon. 1
you in ew
Zmlilnd for work or a holidily?
M: Por work. T2
an explorer.
C: I sec. Wl1nt 3
your address in
cil 106a J::glintun Roild.
M: We'
C: We?
M: Yes, my wife CJnd lwu children.
They "
with me.
C: "
your wife abo an explorer?
M: Yes, she is, hut she ;
Auckbnd for work. She 8
C - Customs officer, M

9 Work in pnirs. Ask your partner about
his/ her:

first name L1nd surnnme

job I occupil ti on
marital status

10 lntruduce your pa rtner to the class.

Rosana's from Chile. She's twenty-three.
She's a teacher. She's single.

reading a family of explorers vocabulary family grammar possessive 's and possessive adjectives
pronunciation the same or different sounds speaking friends and family

1b A family in East Africa

1 ls your family big or small? Are you all
from the same cow1liy?

2 Read nbout the Leakey fomily. Answer

the questions.

Where are they from?

Are Louise and Mneve explorers?
What is Richard's job?
What is Colin's job?
Is Samira an explorer?
Is Philip married?

3 Read the article again nnd complete the

family tree on page 13.

Th<' Leakey family is similar in many ways. They live in

East Africa, hut the family is from England. Louise Leakey
is an explorer, but for her family that's normal! Louise's
mother is Ma.eve and she's an explorer.
Her father is Richard Leakey. Ric.hard b also in Ea<it Africa,
bul he's a farmer. Rkhard's half brother is Colin Leakey.
Colin isn't in Africa, but he's an explorer and a scientist at
Can1bridge University in England.
Louise's grandparents (Louis and Mary) are dead, but they
were also famous explorers. Louise's sister is Samim,
but she works fur the World Bank. Their w1cle and
aunt are Phillip Lc~akey and his wife Katy. They have an
int.crnatiunal company.
d ead (adj) /dedl not living
w ere (v) /w<i(r)/ past tense of arc

Unit 1 People

Louis Leakey


(1913- 1996)



Leakey (1944)

Louise Leakey (1972)

Vocabulary family
4 Luuk at these fo mily words. Which are men (M)?
Which arc women (W)? Which are both (8)?
half brother

Leakey (1942)

Phillip Leakey


Leakey (1974)

7 Choose thC' correct word tu complete the sentences.

1 1I My parents arC' Spn nish.
2 1I My am the only boy in m y f<llnily.

Wha t's yu11 / yuur namC'?

Where are yu11 / your from?
!::i/Je I Her is a photogr;:iphC'r.
He I His uncle is in thC' USA.
We I 011r famil y is from Asiil.
Tiiey I Their cousins nrC' both girls.

Complete the phrases with words frum Exercise 4.

8 Pronunciat ion t he same or different sounds

1 your fo tlw r 's brothe r find sister


you r brnthC'r 's dnughter ilnd son

your uncl e nnd nunt's so n or daughter
a brother, but from onC' di ffcren l parent
your husbnnd or wifC''s mothe r
your mother or fothC'r
yuur parent's mothC'r or fnthC'r
... WORDBUILDING word roots
You can make more words from a root word. For example:
/l1.Q1]]g[ ' grand!lJ.SlJJ:JJtL stepmother motOO-in -law

,., 1.5 Listen to these pairs of words. Ts thC'

pronuncia tion the same (.I) or different (X)?


they' rC' I thci r

he's I hi s
its I it's
a rc I ou r
you're I you r

9 Say these sentences in ;i diffC'rent way. Use the

possessive adjccti vC' in hrnckc ts.

For further information and practice, see page 11 of the


1 l'm Fabien. (my name)

My 1111111e'=- J"uuie11.

Grammar possessive 's and

possessive adjectives
6 Look ;i t the gramm ar box. Then find examples of
the possC'ssive 's ilnd possess ive adjectives in the
a rticl e in F.xNcise 2.
Possessive 's
Mike's wife is Sally. Mike and Sally's home is in Canada.

2 Annie's sister is ClairC'. (her)

3 Francis and Anton y's rnusins ;ire Julie t and
Ja ne. (their)
4 Fr i t..~:'s grandparents arc dead. (hi s)
5 Are yo u Sylvain? (your name)
6 H e len is Peter's and my niece. (ou r niece)

10 Write a lis t of fi ve nJmC's of your friends and
fami ly. lntroducc them to your rwrlner.

Possessive adjectives
She's my sister. What's y our name ? His name is Charlie.

Sandra is my best friend. She's from Ireland.

Subject pro noun Possessive adjective

I - my, you - your. he - his, she - her. it
th ey - their

its, we - our.

For further information and practice, see page 157.

Uwe and /Ilona are my two

cousins in Germany. They're my
mother's nephew and niece.

reading world population critical thinking the writer's purpose vocabula ry everyday verbs
word focus in speaking facts about countries

-- 1c The face of

seven billion people


Vocabulary everyday verbs

1 ThC'r<' a rc seven billiun p eople

Find these verbs in lhC' a rticle . Then write them in the fa ct tile.

in the w orld. H uw many

p<'oplc are in yum coLmlry?






ReLi d the article and m a tch flw

numbers in the box with the
information (1-8).
1 bi llion
1.2 billion
21 %
5 billion 2.5 billion



1.3 billion people

in China.
70% of the population
the language of Mandarin Ch inese.
Over 1 billion Chinese people
a mobile phone.
65% of the population
in agriculture.
35% of the Chinese population
th e Internet.
(*figures from 2012)

the li fe expectan cy o f ;i
la panese wom a n
the p opula tion o f Tndia
the numbe r of sp eLikc rs
of Eng lish ;is ;i sC'rnnd
lan g uage
the perce ntJg <' of muslims
the pe rce ntage of workers
in ag riculture
th e perc<'nta gc of people in
ci hes
th<' number of people with
J cccss to the Internet
the number of p eople w ith
a m obile phone

Critical thinking the

writer's purpose

Read the article aga in . Wl1ilt is

th e w riter 's p urpose? Ch oose'
the correct a nswC'r (;i, b or c).
ff C' w ri tC'S
;i informatio n
b a n opinio n
c i1 s tory

Word focus in

4 W hich in form a ti on in the

article is new o r s urprising for
you? Te ll the class.

The information
about the city and the
countryside is new for me.

Look a l the senten ces in F.xN cisC' 5. Tirk the correct info rrna tiun.
We use i11:
w ith
w ith
w ith

countri C's and cities

l;ing u ;iges
meas o f work or ind us try
the Tntc rnct


Wo rk in p;iirs. Shident /\ : Turn to pLigc 154. Student B: Turn to p age '156.

ReCld your informiltion about two countries and prepare your
qu es tions. Then ask and answer questions to complete the ta bles.

Unit 1 People


seven billion people

There are seven billion people in the world and there are seven thousand people in this
photo. Each person in the photo Is equal to one million people. That's seven billion in total!

The average person in the
world is twenty-eight years
old. In Japan, the average life
expectancy tor a woman is
eighty-six. In Afghanistan. it's

Twenty per cent of the
world's population live in
China. There are one point
two billion people in India.

Thirteen per cent of the
world's population speak
Mandarin as their first
language. Five per cent
speak Spanish as their first
language. Five per cent also
speak English as their first
language; but English is a
second language for one
billion people.

There are many different
religions in the world. For
example, thirty-three per cent
of the world are Christian,
twenty-one per cent are
Muslim and thirteen per cent
are Hindu.


Forty per cent of people work

in a service industry (hotels,
banks, etc.), thirty-eight
per cent are in agriculture
and twenty-two per cent
are in manufacturing and

13i ''': '*?tll:ii ;Gil lJ

Fifty-one per cent of the
world's population live in
cities and forty-nine per cent
live in the countryside.

i l:i j :j ;j: l!jl1:1.1 ,~tl :JI! J

(is) equal (to) /'i :kw:il/ the same as (2 + 2 =4, two and two equals four)
average (adj) /'a:v~nd~ usual, typical
life expectancy (n) /la1f 1k'spekt;:in,i/ the number of years you live

Two point five billion people

in the world use the Internet
and five billion people have a
mobile phone.

pronunciation spelling listening at a conference real life meeting people for the first ti me

1d At a conference
Real life meeting
people for the first
5 ,,. 1.7 Look at the expressions for
meeting people for the first time.
Then listen ngil in and tick thC'
expressions you hear.
Introducing yourself
My name's ... I I' m ...
I'm from . ..
Nice to meet you.
Nice to meet you too.
Introducing another person

I'd like t o introd uce you to ...

Th is is ...
He's from ...
Saying good bye
Nice meeting you.
Nice talk ing to you .
See you later.


6 Work in g roups of three: A, n

1 Pronunciation spelling
,,. 1.6 Lis ten nnd re peat the le tters of thC' illphabet.

and C. Prilctise the cunversntion.

Th en chil nge roles and repci'lt the
conversati on two more tim es.


2 Wo rk in pairs. Take turns lo spell thC'se words. Your partner listens

A and B intr oduce yourself.

ci nd w rites. Check his/h er spell ing.

your first name
your s urna1ne

your coLmlry
yo ur job


~ 1.7 Look at the pho to and listen to two conversa tions. Answer
lhc quC'stio ns.

I I low many people MC' th C'rc in each con versa tion?

2 Where are they?

Ask edch other a quest ion.

A in traduce" B t o C.

1. 7 Listen again . ChoosC' th e correct worJ tu comp le le the

sen tences.

Cunversci hon o ne
1 GMy is the Ji rst I seco11d person a l lhe con Ference.
2 Ri ti'l is I isn't the conforence rn ci nci gc r.
3 Th is is their firs t I seco11d rneeti ng.
4 Ca ry's s urnam e b Lawre11ce I T.attrl'ns.
Conversa tion two
5 Ya l~rie's s urnci mc is Moo re I Mure11 11.
6 Ya l ~rie is fro m France I New C11 /edo11i11.
7 Rita I Gary si'l ys goodbye.

Casks A ;ind B a question.

A says goodbye to B.

writ ing a personal description writing sk ill and, but

Unit 1 People


1e Introduce yourself
Writing a personal description

3 Writing skill and, but

1 Read the two onlinC' introductions. Look back a t p age 16. Where are

Look a t the words 1111d and b11t

in the inh"oductiuns in Ex<'rcise 1.
Which word is fur extra
inform<llion? Which word is for
a diff<'rC'nce?

Make one sentence from thC'

two sC'ntC'nces with 11nd or but.

Gary and Valeri<' ilt the moment?

Hi! My name's Gary and I'm
a science lecturer. I'm from
the UK, but I live in the USA.
I'm married and I have two
child ren .


Hello. I'm Val erie Moreau and
I'm from New Caledonia. It's a
beautiful island in the Pacific
Ocean. We speak French in
New Caledonia, buf I also speak
English and Spanish.


l'm in Spain. T' m from

1'111 i11 Sp11i11, but f'111 fro111
I'm 21 . My sis ter is 21.
J'm 21n11d111y sister i:;. 21.
T'm Rrilish . H indi is my first
Tk 's from Germany. Jle's in
Russi;i al the moment.
My fri end is 30. He's singk.
I liv<' in Spain . l work in
She's a stud ent. She's at
Oxford Uni versity.
My family is in the
countrysid e'. T' m. i.n the city.

4 imagine you are going tu the

conference. Write an online
introducti on fo r you. U::.e the
ta ble in Exercise 2 lo help yuu .
Use anti and but.

5 Exchange you r introduction

with yo ur partner. Check your
partner 's text. Docs he/she
include all the informntion
from Exercise 2? Docs hC'/she
use n11d and but correctly?

6 Display your introductions

nrOLmd the classroom . Wn lk
nround and read abou t each

2 H.ead the introductions agai.n. Tick the inform11tion they write.



Fi rst name
Surnam e
Other information

Un it 1 People

Before you watch

1 Work in g roups. Louk at the photo and ans wer the
ques ti ons.
1 Wh ere' is the pa rty?
2 Wh y arc the people at this party?

2 Discuss th ese ques tions as a cbss.

1 When do you have parties in your country?
Where arc these parties (e.g. in your hou se, in
the street, inn res ta urant, at your college)?

While you watch

3 The video is a bout a 'World party' for seven billion
people. Watch the vid00. Number the questions
(a-c) in the order th0 video answers them.
n How big is the place for a world party?
h How big i~ seven billion?
c Where is a good place for n w orld p a rty?

4 Wa lch the video again. Match 1-8 with a-h.


number of yea rs tu count from on C' to seven

numbN of s tars you can see at ni ght
number of limes around the fairth w ith seven
billion s teps
number of tex t messages in the US/\ eve ry
the nrea for one person to st<Jnd
the nrea for one person at a party
th e n rea for seven billion pcop k <lt n pn rt y
th e nrea for se ven billion pcopk in n pho to


a thous<Jnd
six squ<l re f00t
1,500 squ<Jrc miks
three square feet
SOU square m iles


1 foot"' 30 centimetres
3 feet"' 90 centimetres
1 mile "' 1.6 kilometres
500 miles= 800 kilometres
1,500 miles = 2.400 kilometres

bit /l)lt/ a small amount

about (adv) h' h;iot/ approximately
compare (v) /k::lm'pc.i/ to talk about the differences and
similarities between one thing and another thing
correct (adj) /k <i'rekt/ not wrong
count (v) /kaunt/ to say numbers (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.)
everyone (n) / 'evri w111i/ all people
takes (two hundred years) (v) /re1ks/ lasts a period of time


5 NumbN these sentences from the video in the

correct order (1-10).

a Don' t cmmt from one to seve n billion! 1

b There a re seven billion s ta rs.
c Or th0re's the s ta te of Rhode Tslnnd . It's 1,500
squa re miles.
d One pe rson needs abo ut three squ<JrC' feel.
c Wnlk nro Lmd the Earth one' hundred and thirty
three times.
f Smik!
g People send seven billion tex ts every 30 hours
in the US/\.
h So eve ryone needs a bout six squ nre feel.
The Juneau Tccfi cld in Alaska b the correct siz0.
But it's n hit cold.
Los Angeles is 500 squ<J re miles. So we can take
the photogrnph there.

6 Watch the video again and check your answers in

Exercise S.

After you watch

7 Group discussion a party for your class
Work in groups. Discuss n pnrly for your new
English class. Think about these questions.
How many people arc in your cl<Jss?
2 Where is a good place for your p nrty?

3 Whal is important for a good pnrly (e.g. food,


8 Tell the class about the pa rty.

Music is important for a good party.
A restaurant is a good place for a party.

9 Class survey people in your class

lnte rview everyone in your class. Use these
q uestiuns.
H ow many peupl~ ...
a re in your class?
a re male or female?
are und er 30 or over 30?
are s tudents or have a job?
speak two or more languag0.s?
live in this coLmtry (the country you are
in now)?
hi1ve a mobile phun~?
use the Internet?

10 Write n sho rt repo rt about your cl<Jss.

Exa mple:
1-(flce11 peuple are in 111y c/a~s. Fig/1/ ore /1111/e am/ :,even



1 Put the word s in order tu make questions.

5 Match the word s 1 6 with a-f.

1 your I nnme? I 's I whM

2 from I arc I England? I you
3 iHC I you I where I from?
4 mLirried? I you I Me I single ur
5 you I are I an explorer?

2 Work in pairs. Ask and answer the <-1ueslions in


maritn l sta tus
cou ntry



6 Complete the sentences with verbs.

Exercise 1.

3 Com pktc the conversa tio n with

1 surname

2 relationship
3 age

's, isn't, are or

11re11 't.

1 90% of fo milics h
a compute r in their
2 80% of the populations
3 More people 1
in apartments, not houses.
4 How rrnrny people w
in agricu lture?

talk about personal information

Lalk about everyday information

Real life
7 Number the lines of the co1w!"l'sati on in the correct
order (1-5).

Whal 1
hi s name?
His name 2
Whal 3
he r name?
they mL11Ticd?
Yes, they 5
A re they from Mexico?
No, they 6
They're from Brazil.
B: W hLit 7
Felipe's job?
A : He 8
a conservationist.
n: Ts Camila an explorer?
A: No, she Y
a conservationist

4 Choose the correct option tu complete lhe

sen tenc<"s.
What's you I you r name?
[le I His aunt is french.
They / Their are my cousi ns.
The plwtogrnpher's I plwtngrapher is wife is
111y I 1 bes t rriend.
5 S/1e I Her moth!"I' is from Germany, but her is /
J ' m from Swi tzerland .


ask and answer questions with what and where

use the verb to be in sentences
ta lk about possession with possessive 'sa nd possessive

Arnold is, but I'm not. l'm from

, Arnold: Nice lo mee t you too, Rosa . l 'm
Arnold and this is my w ife, Sonia.
l 'm from llaly, but Tlive in Prance.
Are you and Arnold from England?
TTi. My name's l{osa. Nice to meet
SoniC1 : TTcllo, Rosa. Where are you from?

8 Work in g roups of three. Roleplay a similCll'

conversation to Exercise 7. Your names Me Mike
and Donnn (mn rricd, from Au~tralia) and T.isn
(from Ccrmnny).

introduce myself and other people

9 Write three sentences (two true and one fal se)
with personcil informLltion about you and/ or
your family.

10 Work in pairs. Tnk<" turns to read your sentences.

Guess you r pnrtncr's false sentence.

Unit 2 Possessions


My possessions
/\n interview with the
nclvenlure1~ Andy Torbet

24 At home
F.1 milies living in identical
np;i rtme nts in South Korea


Global objects
Why the German Mini
is i'l<hrnlly from many


T.ook a t the photo. How many p<'opk can you ~et' in tht'
photo? What are all the possessions m;id e of?

1.8 Listen to someone ta lking nbout the pho to. Match the
numbers with the words.
shoes and boob




3 Wurk in pairs. Find these object~ in the photo. Whnt colour

art' they?

a chair
a t oy car

roller blades

a sofa


ora nge


Coober Pedy's opals

Co und N i'l town in
Austrnl in for opa ls

blu e




The ball is yellow.

The shoes are white.

4 Pind three plastic objecb in the class. Whnt colom are tht'y?

vocabulary everyday objects grammar plural nouns listening an interview with Andy Torbet
grammar this, that, these, those pronunciation Ii i or II:/ speaking your objects and possessions

---2a My possessions
Vocabulary everyday objects
1 Look nt t\ndy Torbet's websi te. What are hi::; different jobs?

2 Look a l the objects in Andy's

rucksack. Mntch the words
with the objects.

first-aid kit
mobile phone


Unit 2 Possessions

Grammar plural nouns


3 Look at the words in Exercise' 2 ilgn in. Which n o Lms

Singular nouns

are plura l? What is the cxtril kttcr for plmal noLms?


Normally, add -s: chdir~, shoes

Add -es t o nouns ending -ch, sh. -s, -ss or -x:

bus - busfil, class - classes

Change nouns ending in -y after a con sonant to -ies:

fam ily - families

Change nouns ending in -fto -ves: shelf -

So me nouns are irregular: man - men.

person - p eople, child - ~

Plural nouns




For fu rther information and practice, see page 158.






For further information and practice, see page 158.

7 Look ilt the grn nunar box. Then complete the

quC's tions w ith ll1is, lh11/, //1ese ur those and w rite the
mi ss in g wo rd s in the an swers.

1.9 Louk at the gramma r box. Th en w rite Lhe

plllfal form of these nouns. ListC'n, check a nd
re peat.

m ob il e phon e
CiJme rn
kni fe


It's a

2 What's
It's m y


~ 1 .10 Listen to an interview w ith And y. Ch oose




Wl1ere are they?

n by n m OLmta in
b by the sea
c in il fo rest
2 Wl1Ne is And y from ?
a Eng lilnd
b Wil les
orthc rn Ireland
d Scotland
3 What is a lways in his rucksnck? Tick the objects.
a hat a la ptop a first-aid kit
a camera


3 What arc
They' re m y

4 W ha l are
T hey' re

8 Pronunciation hi or /i:/

~ 1.12 Listen tu these vowel sound s: /JI and Ii:/.

~ 1.13 Lis Len lo these words and w rite /JI or /i :/.

Th rn lis ten again a nd repeat.

6 green
7 big
8 reci d

1 this
3 keys
4 it

Grammar this, that, these, those


9 Work in pnirs. Ask and answer lj L1estions about

1.1 1 Lis ten to p nrl of Lhe interv iew with Andy

aga in. Choose' the correct words.
1 = lnterviewer, A= And y
1: 1 see. And w h at's 1 this I tltat?
A: lt's a first-aid kit. It's a lways in m y rucksack.
I: Good idea. And w ha t's 2 this I that?
A: ll 's my camera. l take it everywhere. /\nd
3 //1esc / ll1osc are m y dim bing boots.
T: Right. And over there. What are 1 these I tlwsl'?
!\ : My g loves.

these things.

objects in the cb ssroom

possessions in your b ag or p ocke t

What's this/that?

What are these/those?

What colour is it?

What colour are they?

reading a place called home vocabulary furniture grammar there is/are, prepositions of place
writing and speaking a room in your home

2b At home
1 Louk at the four photos. Whnt is the
sam e? Wha t is different ?

2 Read the article. Are these things ("1- 5) th<'

sa me (S) or differen t (D) for each pho to?


the co Lm try
the apa rtme nts
the numbe r of room s
the furniture
the p ic tures on tlw w nlls

Vocabulary furniture
3 Look at the furniture and uther objects for
;:ipartment 1 in the table. Find these things
in the photo.





t elevision (TV)








cupboards and drawers



4 Luuk at ap artments 2, 3 nnd 4 il nd

comple te the table. Which furniture is
in yuur li ving room nt horn<'? Tell your


These four families are from Seou l, South Ko rea . Their
apartments are in the Evergreen Tower. There are twentyfive floors and every apartment is the same. There is a
living room, a kitchen, a bathroom and there are two
bedrooms. In these photos, there are two parents and two
chi ldren. There is always a sofa on the right and there are
pictures on the wal ls. But there are some differences, for
example, the colour and style of the furniture.

Unit 2 Possessions

Grammar there is/are,

prepositions of place


Look al lhe senlence from lhe arlicle. Whal form is lhe

noLm (sin g ular or plural) aller there is and there ore?





There isn't a table.

There aren't any beds.
Is there a TV? Yes, there is. I No, there isn't.
Are there any books? Yes, there are. I No, there aren't.
How many pictures are there? There are three.




in the middle

For fu rther information and practice, see pages 158 and 159.

Look al lhe granunar box. Th e11 complete the

senlences w ilh lhe correcl form or be .
I Th<'l"C' ~
il desk .
il rug, but thNc's il Cilrpct.
2 Th NC'
three piC"turcs on th e Wil li.
3 ThC'rC'
4 ThC'rC'
ilny cu rtilins .
HlC'rC' il pbnt? Yes, there
Hwrc ilny chilirs? No, there
7 TTow fflilny C'hilirs
thNc? The re
th<'rc ilny books? N o, there

next to




Tlu'rl' is a livil1g rnn111, a kitc/11'11, a /Jathmn111 and there arl'

two hl'dmn111s.

There's (is) a rug .

There are two pictures.


on the left

in front of

on the right

For further intormation and practice, see page 159.


~ 1.14 T.is ten ;ind chC'ck your il nsw<'rs in Exercise 6.

Then listcn il gil in ilnd rcpcilt.

Work in p;iirs. /\sk ilnd ;inswN questi ons ilbout th e

Student A: Choose one apartment and answer your
partner's questions.
Sl udenl B: Ask yo ur parlner qu estions nnd g uess th e

9 "- 1.15 Look at the grammar box. Then

choose the correct prepositions to complete the
d escription of apartment 4. Listen and ch eck.
There are lwo pictures 1 i11 I 011 lhe wall and tl1e
sofa is 2 1111der I 11cxl lo lhem. There's a TV
opposite/ bclwem lhe sofa and lhere's a plant
opposite I 011 the right of lh e TV. There's il
large rug 5 011 tile right I in thl' 111iddll' of the
room . The fom i ly is 6 i11 fmnt nf / /Jl'hind thC'
window. The pnrcnts ;ire 7 in fmnt nfI bl'hind
lhe children .

10 Complete the description abo ul a parlmenl 1


with prepositions of place.

Is the re a TV?
Yes, there is.
Are there any blinds?
No, there aren't.

The fomily is 1
of the room . They arc
the TV ilnd the sofo. There isn't a rug
in this ilpilrtmcnt. There's a picture 1
thC' will I on th e ri ght il nd the sofa is 1
The computer is ,
the desk and there's a
bmp "
to the computer.

11 Work in pairs. Turn to page 154 and follow the

ins tructions.

Is the re a carp et?

Yes, there is.
It's apartmen t 2.

Writing and speaking

d ~suipti o n of il room in your home.
Th en work in pilirs and read your d escription
to yo ur p a rtner. What is the sa me about your
ilnd your pilrtncr's room? What is different?

12 Write i)

- I

reading a world of parts critical th inking close reading vocabulary countries and nationalities
pronunciation w ord stress speaking w here is it from?

2c Global objects

~ WORDBUILDING suffixes (1)

Add a suffix -ish, -n, -an, -ian or -ese to
countries to say the nationality:
Poland - Polish

1 Louk at the photo of the Mini un page 27. b this car famous
in your country? What are popular cars in your country?

Australia - Australian

2 Read the article on page 27. Choose the correct answer (A- C)

Vietnam - Vietnamese

fu r the questions.

Some nationalities are irregular:

France - French

Germany l:l l:lritai.n C Many different countries

Which country is BMW from?
Where are the parts fur a Mini from?
Where is the factory fur the Mini?

Critical thinking close reading

3 Rend sentences 1- 8. Write answers A, B or C.
A;;;:; The sentence is true. The information is in tlw Jrtick.
B;;;:; The sentence is fal se. The information is in the Jrtick.
C;;;:; We don't know if it's true or false. The informJtion isn 't
in the article.
ln the past, the Mini was a l:lritish car.
Some parts are from Asia.
The Mini is a global product.
The Mini is famous in l:lrazil.
The two types of engine are from two different countries.
The seals are made in America.
The windows are from a factory in France.
The mirrors are from a Canadian company with a factory
in Germany.


Vocabulary countries and

nat ionalities
4 Complete the table with the countries and nationalities in
the artide.




Nat ion ality



5 Canada




~ 1.16 Listen to the countries and

nationalities in Exercise 4. Underline the
main stress in each word.

Brilain, Hritis/1

b ""' 1.16 Listen again and repeat.

6 Work in pairs. Answer the <..p.1estiuns
about the parts of the world in the box.
t he Middle East
t he Americas (north and south)

Which three parts of the world are in

the article?
2 Name Lwo co untries for each part of
the world in Lhe box.

continent are these objects from?

yo ur shoes
yo ur bag
your mobile phone
yo ur car
this book
olher objects in yo ur bag or in
the classroom

It's a German car.



My bag is from China.


5 Pronunciation word stress

7 Work in pairs. Which country or


For further information and practice, see

page 19 of the Workbook.

I think my phone is ...


I don 't know where my ... is from.

Unit 2 Possessions



he.: Mini wa8 a Briti8h car until 2000. N ow BMW,

a German company, i8 the.: producer of the.: Mini,
but the car factory for the.: Mini i8 8till in O xford ,

England. There are 2,500 parts in the.: Mini and they arc.:

from countries and continents all over the.: world including

the Americas and Europe. So, what nationality is a car
with a German company, with international parts and the.:
factory is in Britain? lt's a global product.

'Il1is is from a factory in
the Nct.hcrhmds, but. t.he
company is Austrian.

Parts of the roof
Part of the roof is from England,
but the company is Spanish.

These are from a

factory in Germany,
but the headquarters
is in Canada.

Johnson Controls is an
American company.
1 hey make t.hc car seals
in a factory in Hritai11.

Front and back bumper

' l hcsc arc Ii-um Ilrit.a.i11, but.
the company's headquarters is

'Il1e glass in
Lhc wi11duws is
from a compa11y
in France, hnt
the factory is in

'Il1e Mini has got two different
engines. 'Il1ere's a petrol engine
awl a diesel engine. 'Il1e petrol
engine is Hrazilian am! the
diesel engine is Japanese.

factory (n) /'fa:ktri/ where the company produces the object
headquarters (n) / ,hed'kw::1:t::1z/ main office of a company

The wheels aren't from one country, they arc

from two! There are different parts and Italian
and German companies produce them.

real lif e shopping word focus one/ones pronunciatio n contrastive stress

4 Work in p;ii rs. Use the p rompts lo m ake a conversat io n

Real life shopping

1 T.ook ;i t the pho to of a shop for to urists. What
things ;i re for s;i le?

I help?
C: I'd I T-shirt
S: Large I Medium ?
C: Medium. I other colours?
S: These I g reen Llnd blue
C: How much I th ey?
S: $7.50
S: H ello. Can

1.17 Lis ten to conversa tions in three

shops. Ma leh the conversa tion with the item
;i nd th e price.

Conversiltion I
Conversiltion 2
Conversil tion ~

between n shop ;issistant (S) and a cus tomer (C). Then

ch nnge roles ;i nd repea t the conversa tion.

Ll foo tbnll


1.17 RC'Lld th ese sen tences fro m. the

convNsnti ons. W11 0 snys the m: the cus tom er
(C) o r tlw shop Llssis tilnt (S)? Liste n again
Llnd d w ck.

Can I help you?

I'd like a coffee, please.
Large o r sma ll?
A large one, please.
These ones are large.
Is there a medium size?
Are there other colours?
These ones are red .
Those are nice!
How much are they?
They' re nineteen dollars, thirty-five cents.
Are they all black and w hite?
This one is red and blue.
OK, that one, please.
How much is it?
It's twenty-one eu ros.

Word focus one/ones

5 Work in pairs. Underline one or ones in the shopping
expressions in Exercise 3. Then complete these
sente nces with one or ones.

T'd like Ll glnss of w i'ltc r, p lense. A s mi111

T'd like two T-s hirts. Sm;ill
, pleilse.
This ball is nice, but tha t
is horrible!
These gloves Ll r<' sm;i ll, hut those
<He l;i rge.

6 Pronunciation contrastive stress

1.18 Listen to sentences 3 a nd 4 in Exercise 5.
N ute the s tress o n thi:,, th11t, these and thuse. Listen again
and repea t.
pai r~. Practise two conversations between a
cus tomer and a shop assistant in the tourist shop.

7 Work in

Student/\: Turn to pngc 154.

Student B: Turn to p ilg<' I .S.S.

writing adverts vocabulary adjectives writing skill describing objects with adjectives

Unit 2 Possessions

2e For sale
Writing adverts
1 Read these adverts. What is for salt! in t!ach unt!?


Car for sale


Red, white and blue British Mini

from 1965 with fast, new engine.
'fi" Call 0209 671 336 today.

A useful, modern, white desk and

chair. Cheap at only 5!

Large, green rucksack. Good for

camping. Never used.
Email l.taylor@hmail.net

"a" Call 0206 685 6978 today.

2 Vocabulary adjectives

5 Write tht! adjt!ctivt!s in the correct

Find the opposite of these adjectives in the adverts in J:::xercist! 1.

I old
2 hild
3 useless
4 s low
s SmillJ
6 C'XpC'nsivC'

111odcrn ,

Tt's il (Jilpilnese I new I fo s t)


3 Writing skill describing objects with adjectives

We can describe objects with adjectives in two ways. Louk at tht!

example. Then rewrite sentences 1-4.
'J'/1c desk is 111oder11. =1/'s 11 111oder11 desk.
1 The car is old.
2 The computers are modem.
3 The b Ofa is brown.

Write an advert for it.

7 Display your adverts around the

classroom. Read the adverts. Which
adjectives are there in the adverts?
Are they in the correct order?

4 The roller blades are fast.

Th ey

4 Read Lhe adverts again. Wrile in Lhe adjectives before Lhe noLms.


lt's a.fast, 11r111, Japn11rsr mntnr/Jikr.

They' re (red I lovely) gloves.
There are two (Italian I
beautiful I old) chairs for sale.
/\(nice I grey I smilll )
computC'r desk for Silk.
For sillc. /\ (brge I modern I
white) house.

6 Think of an object in your home.



order to make sentt!nces from

ad verts. Use the table in Exercise 4
lo help you.








Unit 2 Possessions

Before you watch

1 Louk at the photo of the op<J ls. Whi'lt colours are in
the opals?

2 Work in pairs. Answer thrse ques tions about opals

with Yet., Nu or Don't k11mtJ.
1 Are opals expensive?
2 Are mo~t opals from Australia?
3 ls lhe colour important?


While you watch

After you watch

3 Watch the video. Chrck your Clnswers in Exercise 2.

4 Wa tch the vidro <Jg<J in. Number these

thing~ in the

order you scr thrm ( 1- 5).


7 Role play shopping for opals in

Work in pairs.

a home in a tunnel
opal shops in Coober Pcdy
one opa l
five o pals
the sunset

Studrnt A: You Me a customer in an opal shop in

Coobrr Pedy. Ask the shop assistan t about opals.
Where are they from?
Are there different colours and sizes?
Then, buy an opal in thr photo on page 30 for a
good price.

5 Watch the video again. Choosr the correct word lo

complete these sentences.

Student 8: You are a shop assistant in an op<J I shop

in Coober Pedy. Answer the customer's questions
about opals. Then, sell an opal in the photo on
page 30 for a good price.

The video i~ in 11ort/1er11 I :;u11thern Australia.

2 The people in the video are 11/;uve I under the
g round.
3 Coober Pedy is famous because of the upnls I



All I Red opals are very expensive.

There are a lot of t111111e!t. I lw11:;es under the
g roLmd in the town.
There's 1111t~/Ji'ceI11 lw11~e in one tunnel.
The miners work here because they are nlwnys I
so1111'/ i111cs near opals.
t\ lot of minersfi11d op11/s everyd11y I don 't find

8 These things are also from under the ground.

Maleh the words with the photos (1- 5).





6 W<Jtch thr v ideo C1gain. Complete the sentences

frnn1 th r vid ro with these words.






1 In the summer, the temperaturr is ovrr

2 About
% of the world's opa ls <Jrr from
A ustralia.
3 About
people li ve here and they <J ll w<J nt
lo find opab.
-l These opals are worth about
% of opals have nu co lour.
6 They ,1lwa ys believe they are near opals in the
ground . And Lhal these opals are worth
of do llMs.
(be) worth /w3:e/ the cost in money
mine (v) /marn/ to dig a tunnel under the ground and take
something (e.g. gold, silver, opals)
miner (n) l'mnrnJ/ a job a person who digs under the ground

9 Work in groups. Discuss these questions.

1 Are there mines in your country?

2 Wh0L is in the mines (e.g. coal, gold)?






1 Write thC' si ngular form of these nm.ms.

4 Cross out the incorrect word in each group.



2 shelves
3 fomilies


6 children
7 boots
8 shoes

2 Complete the questions with lllis, //111/, tllcsc or







roller blades?



your pen?



5 Complete the sentences with one word from each

group in Exercise 4.

~ .I

red grey while ~

sofa desk map chnir
Austria Dutch Japan
ON YOUR FEET shoes roller blades hat
ON THE FLOOl{ carpet blinds rug
NATIONALITY !-'ranee British nr<:l7.ilian
slow age useless lnrge


your boots?

3 T.ook nt thC' photo. Choose the correct options tu

complC'tc the text.

1 Stop the car at a retl light.

2 The computer is on my
is a country in Europe.
4 Are these
next lo Lhe bed.
5 There's a
people speak Porluguese .
7 The opposite of 'fast' is

6 Choose seven more words from Exercise' 4. Write

new sentences with each word.

talk about everyday objects, countries and

nationa Iities
describe objects with different adjectives

There is I isn't a sofa.

There are some I aren't any flowers.
There is I isn't a picture.
There is a I aren't any rugs.
The desk and chair are in front of I between the window.
The red shoes are in I on the floor.
The sofa Is between I opposite t he table and the bed.
The bed is under I behind the sofa.

Real life
7 Mntch thC' questions with the correct response.

Can I help you?

Large or small?
Is there a medium siLe?
Are there other colours?
How much are they?
Are they all black and while?


A small one, please.

No, there are also blue' and g rey.
Yes, please. T'd like a rnffC'c.
Three dollars fifty.
I'm sorry, but there' isn't.
Yes, there's also blue' and grey.

8 Work in pairs. Pradise n conversation in a shop.

The customer nsks for an object on page 22.

ask about and buy objects in a shop


talk about everyday objects and their location

ask where objects are

9 Work in pairs. Describe your favourite object in

your home.

Unit 3 Places


1 Look at the photo ;md caption. Where is it? Ts it dciy or night?


2 "- 1.19 Listen to pnrt of n TV prog r;irnme ciboul reslciuranls in

No-car zones
Sumt' ci tit's art' c.1uit'tt'r
p laces bt'caust' tht'y dun' t
have cars


Working under the

We meet a womnn w ho
works under the sea



different places. Answer the questions.

1 Whal lime is it?
2 Where is the TV presenter?

3 Why is it popular with orwt'gians and tuurists?

Ts it s prin g, S LUnme1~ autumn or wintt'r?
5 H ow mciny hours a d ay is the restaurant opt'n in
the s ummer?

3 "- 1.20 Complete the tim es. Then listen, check and rt'pt'at.

Places and languages




.... T'J... . .v
. . ~y.
1 . \

Many places in the world

have more than one
la nguage

Cowley Road

1 It's six
2 It's
pas t three.
3 It's twen ty-fi ve

See the people and places

on an English ruad

-. .




t welve



. . . . ..

. .
.. . . ~


4 It's qunrt<'r
fou r.
5 It's three
p<ist two.
6 It's two minutes to

4 Work in pairs. Ask and answer questions. Whnt time is ...

it now?
su nrise and SLmsel?

yu ur English lessun?

reading cities around the world vocabulary adjectives about cities

grammar present simple (I/you/we/they) listening city life gra mmar present simple questions speaking your life

3a No-car zones

Vocabulary adjectives about cities

1 ReC1d th<' il rticle ilnd miltch the cities

3 Underline all the adjectives in the artide in Exercise 1.

with the photos (I 4).

Which adjective means:

1 doe:m' t w:;t money
2 lot:; of people?
3 ha:; bad air?
4 many people like it?
5 very good?

2 Read the C1 rhck ogoin ilnd Llnswer the

I Whilt is il problem in many cities?
2 Why is it il problem?
3 How mnny pcopk li ve in the
cen tre of T.ondon?
4 W11nt is bcnutiful in the centre of
5 Whnt ill'C' popul<lr in Tokyo?
6 How rnony p<'oplc go to work by
bus cvNy morning in Bogota?
7 Why is Rourke Street popular?
8 W11cr<' il re m;:m y people at midday?

N 0 - C A R

W11ich Lldjective meil ns the opposite

7 ugly
8 dirty


4 Work in pili rs. Tillk Llbout your city or a city yol..1 know. Which
plilces in the city Lire:
free or cheap?
:;mall and crowded?
polluted and noby?

Z 0 N E S

Many people have cars in t he city. But pollut ion is a

problem because of the traffic. Nowadays some city
centres around the world don't have cars. These
no-e<ir zones arc areas for people, bicycles and public
transport only.
Eight million people live in the centre of London
and another two million people go to work there
every day. The city centre is very noisy with hundreds
of cars, buses and taxis, but there are also a lot of
beautiful parks with free music concerts. At lunchtime
and after work, many people go there for a break.
Parts of Tokyo are always crowded with hundreds of
people, but there are no ca rs. These modern no-car
zones are very popular and people like shopping
In the past, Bogota was polluted because there were
lots of cars and traffic. Now the city centre is a no-car
zone and the air is clean! Many people don't have a
car and half a million people go to work by bus every
M elbourne
In many cities, people don't like shopping in the
centre . But in Melbourne, Bou rke Street is popular
because there are lots of great shops and no ca rs.
It's expensive, but lots of people eat lunch in the

modern and populnr?

beautiful and relnxing?

Unit 3 Places

Grammar present simple

5 Look at the two sentences from the article. What
is the ma in vNb? W11al verb do you adJ for a
negative s0nt0ncc?

M1111y peuple have cars.

So111e city centres nrou11d tltr world do11 '/ ltove cars.
I live in Tokyo .
We eat in ca res.
You don't live in London.
They don't go to work by bus.
For further information and practice, see page 159.

6 Choos0 the correct form lo make these sentences

tru0 for you. Then tell your partner.
l live I don 't live in the city centre.
I have I don't lwvr ;:i cnr.
I go I don 't go to work by bus.
l eut I don 't ent in cJ f<"s ;:it lunchtime.
1 meet I don 't 111eet fri0nds in the city centre after
6 l like I don't like shopping in th e ci ty cen tre .



9 "'.- 1.21 Match the journJlist's questions with the

student's answers. Then listen ;:ign in and check.

Do yo u have a car in London? b

Wl1ere d o you live?
Do you like art?
Whal do you du?
Whal lime do yo u finish work?

T'm J s tud ent al Luliversity and l work in a

rcst<:1urnnt al lLmchlimes.
No, Tdon ' t. Tgo every where by bicycle.
/\t abou t three o'clock.
Yes, Tdo. /\nd Tlike the Lhealre.
in the city c0ntrc.


Grammar present simple

10 Look al the lJUestiuns (1-5) in Exercise 9. Answer

I WhJt is the main verb in each c.1 uestion?

2 Wl1;:it cx~r;i verb do you add?
3 Which (1ucstions have yes/ no C1nswers?
Do you like shopping? Yes, I do. I No, I don't .
Do they live in London? Yes, they do. I No, they don't.

7 Are your sentences from F.xcrcisc 6 also true for

What do you do?

Where do you live?
What time do w e have lunch?

most people in you r town or ci ty? Make more

~e11tences abou t life in the city w ith these pluases.

For further information and practice, see pages 159

and 160.

eat lunch
go to work
have a car
like shopping

Most people in the city centre don't

have a car. They go to work by bus.

8 "'.- 1.21

Listen to a journalist intc rvi<'w ;:i s h1denl

about living in London. Complete hi s no tes with


11 Write do in the correct place in these' ques tions.



Wh;it you do?

Where yo u live?
You li ke shopping?
Wl1<:1t time you finish work?
You h<:1ve n car?
You cJ t in cnfcs ;i LlLmchlime?
What tinw you ca t dinner?
You meet fri0nds nfler work?

- Tue. skops ().r-e.
- Tue.re ().re fot s o.f 7
_ _ p.face.s .i1<e. ().rt
~()...e.rie.s M1d 111.1A.se.1A111..S .
- 't'...011do11 (,\,().S !. ___
flA,e.(). fre. s .
- The. re.sf-().1Art:~. 11t is "
witk to'!Arists
().11d IS '
(). f f.1A1'lCk f i111.e.S.
- The. p().rK.s i11 L.011do11 ().re. be.().1Ati.f1Ai 1).11.d


12 Work in pairs. Ask and answer the questions in

Ex0rcisc 11 .
What do you do?

I'm a website designer.

vocabulary places of work listening my job word focus work grammar present simple (he/she/it)
pronunciation -s endings speaking a National Geographic photographer

3b Working under the sea

Vocabulary places of work
1 Mntch these jobs with the places of work ("1- 8).
a doct or

a photographer
a pilot
a sa ilor
a student
a teacher
a waiter
an accounta nt

in an office
on a shi p or a boa t
3 in a studio
4 on a plane

5 i.na hospitnl
6 in Cl res tnurnnt
7 in n clnssroom
8 in n university

2 Where du yo u work or s tu dy? Tell you r p nrtncr.

3 Look al th e p hoto nnd capti on. Wh a t d ues
l:leverley Coodmnn do? Where does she work?

1.22 Listen to an interv iew wi th Beverley

Good mnn. N umber the q uestions in the co rrect
ord0r ( I S).
a Do you work latd
b Wh ere du you work?
c Wha t do you du? 1
d Do you have a family?
e Wha t time d u you start work?

5 '- 1.22 Lis ten again and choose Lhc co1wct words
to complete the sentences.
l study places 011 ln11d I under the sea.
l work I don '/ work in nn offi ce very often.
On the boat, I gel up just nftcr five I six o'clock.
l meet my learn fo r brcn kfost nt abou t seue11 I
5 After breakfas t, 1 sin rt I fillish work.
6 l j/11is/1 / do11'!.fi11is/1 wo rk lntC' w hen I'm a t home.
7 ! live wi th my h usband iln d my child I
two c/1ildre11.


Word focus work

6 Comp lete the sentences from the interview wi th
Beverley with fur or wit/1.
1 l work
2 l work

Nnl io11nl Crngral'liic.

a learn of m nrinc biologists.

7 Make the sentences in Exe rcise 6 tru0 for you.

Tell your partner.

Doctor Beverley Goodman,

a marine archaeologist, on
a ship

U nit 3 Places

Grammar present simple


10 Pronunciation -s endings
1.23 Listen to the third pNson form of the
ve rbs. Do you h ear th(' sound /s/, /z/ or /iz/?
Listen again and rep eat.

8 U nd er]in(' il 11 the verbs in this text about Beverley.

Then answer the questions.

1 works
2 lives

1 ln affirm ati ve sent('n( ('S, how does the verb

ch ange fo r he/she/it form s?
2 ln nega ti ve scntc rK('S, w hilt verb do y ou a dd ?


Beverley Goodman is a marine archaeologist.

She studies places under the sea. She has an office,
but she doesn't work there very often. She's usually
on a boat or under the sea. On the boat. she gets
up just after five o'clock and she meets her team
for breakfast at about seven. She starts work
after breakfast and she finishes late. At home, she
doesn't finish work late. She lives with her husband
and two children. Sometimes her children go to
work with her. They love the boats!



Whnt d oes Beverley do?

Wl1 C're d oes Ja m es come from ?
Wh en d oes Beverley s ta rt work?
Docs J;i mes have an office?
DoC's neve rl ey finish work early?

Yes, he docs.
b No, she d oesn ' t.
c After breakfast.
d She's e1 ma rine archaeologist.

Eng l<md.


What does he do? He's a doct or.

Does she have children? Yes. she does. I No, she doesn't.

She doesn't work in an office.

For further info rmation and practice, see page 160.

Dr James E. Campbell 1
(come) from
England and he's an archaeologist. He 2
(study) the ancient pyramids in Egypt. James
(speak) three languages: English, French
and Arabic. He 4
(have) an office, but he
(prefer) working in the pyramids with
other archaeologists. He 6
(not I have)
much free time because he 7
(travel) all
over the world. He
(not I get) bored in
his job!

7 starts
8 loves
9 spea ks
10 teaches
11 goes
12 trave ls


He w orks in an office.
She goes to work every day.
He studies archaeo logy at university.

w ith the p resent s imple form of the ve rbs.

finish es !tLI
s tudies
ge ts
m ee ts

~ 1.24 Ma tch these <-1uestions about Bev(' rl('y ;ind

Ja mes with the answers. T hen listen a nd ch('ck.



9 Com plete the text about ano tli0r ilrchi'leologis l



For further information and practice, see page 160.


Work in pairs. Excha nge in forma tion to complete

a fact fil~ a bout Joel Sartore.
Stud<'nt /\: Turn lo page 153.
Stud<'nt n : Turn to p age 154.

reading and vocabulary numbers crit ical th inking relevance vocabulary cardinal and ordinal numbers
pronunciation saying numbers speaking favourite numbers

3c Places and languages

Reading and vocabulary

Critical thinking relevance

1 How many languages do yo u speak? Which

6 Read the article again. Add lhesC' s0ntC'nces (a-d )

language(s) du you speak in different p li1cC's

(e.g. at home, at school, a l work)?

RC'i1d the article. What is it abuut? Choose lhe

cotTC'ct answer (a-c).
a The languages people speak in difforC'nt places
b Places with new languages
c Why English is imporlanl in difforC'nt place's

3 Read the article again. Wha l do lhese numhC'rs

refer to?
1 uver llJU
2 aboul 7,000
3 over 1 bi II ion

co1111frirs i11 t/1r world


4 380 million
400 million
over 300





En glish is a second lang ua ge for many uf these

b Thal's one point fi v<' lan guages for every
c When he dies, his language dies.
d They all speak Spa ni sh as their first language.

Vocabulary cardinal and ordinal

Which says huw many and which snys the' orde r?
1 l.n firsl place is C hini1.
2 There are over o ne billion speakers of
Manda rin Chinese.

4 Find lhesC' w ords in the article and match them

wi lh lhe ddi niti ons ( I 4).


Paragraph 1:
Paragraph 2:
Paragraph 3:
Paragraph 4:

1 Look at these two sentences from the a rticle.



to the end of each paragraph.



8 Work in pairs. Comple te the' s0qu cn ce of numbers.



the lang uage you learn after yuur first language

the main language that people in a place s peak
the langu age of the guvenunent
a very old language
... WORDBUILDING collocations


41 51


21st 31 ' 1 41'' 51' 1

Many nouns have adjective and noun collocations: first

language, official language.
For further information and practice, see Workbook
page 27.

9 Pronunciation saying numbers

,., 1.25 Liste n nnd check your answers in

5 Discuss these c..1uestions as a class.

Whal is your firs t bnguagc? ls Engl ish your
second language'?
2 Does your country have an official language?
3 Wha t languages d o people normally learn at
school? Why do they learn these languages?

Exercise 8. ThC'n list0n aga in and repeat.

10 Write down three favo urite numbers (e.g. your
favo urile age, d a le, n umbC'r). Tell your partner
abo ul Lhese n u mbe rs.
My favourite age is 18 because you are an adult.

My birthday is on the third of June.

My favourite number is ten because .. .

Unit 3 Place5

First place and first language

The other 6,996 languages

There an; over one hundred and ninety countries in the world
and about scvcu thousand languages. Iu first place is China.
1l1ere are over one billion speakers ofM:rncl:lrin Chinese. Tn
second r lace is India with sreakers ofI l indi. And in th ird place
is Spanish. Spain isn't a big country, but there are over four
hundred million Spanish speakers in different countries around
the world.1his is very true in Latin America.

Chinese, Hindi, Spanish and English are the 'big'

languages. About eighty per cent of the world's
populat ion speak them. But these arc only four
languages, so what about the other <i,996 l:rnguages?
Many countries have lots of different languages. For
example, on the islands of Vanuatu in the South Pacific
Ocean there are sixty-five different islands and they
have one hundred and uiuc diffcn:nt languages.

English as a global language

As a first language, English is in fourth place. About three
hundred and eighty million people are native English speakers.
But English is in first place as a second language for many
other people. O ver a billion people speak English fur doiug
business, reading the news or studying science ancl mecl icine.
l n some countries, English is not the native language, bur it is
the official language for the government and in schools. And
even in L ~ndon, the capital city of Britain, there are over three
hundred di fTerent languages.

The last speakers

l'inally, there are some languages with only one speaker.
They are old people and they speak the language of
their parents and grandparents. For example, Charlie
Mu ld11ng::i lives in Au strnli::i. H e speaks F.nglish because
it is the first language of the country. I Iowever, his
native language is Amurdag. lt's an ancient language
and he is the last speaker of this Aboriginal language.

Vocabulary places in a city

1 When yuu are a to urist in a new city, how do you decide
which places to visit? Uo you use a map or a travel guide?

2 Look a t the map of Atlanta. Where do yuu du these things?

gel lourisl information
2 learn abo ut his tory
3 relax o utside
4 see a play or a musical
5 park your car

6 read a book

7 meel dien ls and

8 look al sea life

Real life giving directions


~ 1.26 Listen to a conversation at the visitors' centre. What

p laces on the map do they talk about?

World or


1.26 Look at the expressions

for giving directions. Complete thC'
conversa tion a t the visitors' cent re.
Then listen again and check.
T - To urist, G -- Guide
T: Hello. We'd like lo go to thC'
aq ua riLUn. Is il 1
G: ll's 2
fifteen minute's
bul you go p as l so me intC'rC'sting
places on the way. So look M this
map. Go 3
Stree t and then up MariC'ttn StrC'C't.
Spring StrC'C't nnd
lake the first street :;
. Centennial Olympic Park
is on the corner. H's vNy ni ce'. C.o
across the park a nd on thC' right
there's the World of Coen-Cola.
T: Oh, thilt sounds intC'rC'sting.
G: Yes, it is. 6
it nnd the
aqu a rium is opposite'.
T: Great. Thanks n lot.
Asking for directions
Where is .. . ?
I'd like to go to ...
Is it near here?
Giving directions
It's near here. / It's about ten minutes away.
Go past the ...


Go across ...
Go straight up . . .

P~rkio g

Take the first street on the left. I

Turn left
Take the first street on the right. I
Turn right


5 Work in pairs. Practice i:;imilar

conversations at the visitors' centre.
Ask for and give directions lo d ifferC'nt
places on the map of A llan la.

w riting a trav el website writing skill cap ital letters

Unit 3 Places

3e Describing a place
Writing a travel website

3 Writing skill capital letters

1 When you travel to a new place, where can you find


2 l1C'lla Po tachouck writes fur a travel website. Read about

h<'r fa vourite city. Tick the items she describes (1-6).

the name of her city

good places tu visit
her favo urite time of day, m.onth or sc;:ison
places tu meet friends
her favo urite cafes and reslaurci nts
good ways to travel around th e city

H.ead the website in Exercise 2 ng;:iin.

Which one of these thin gs 1- 7 doe's not
ha ve a capi tal leller?

th<' word at the beginning of a sentence

tlw pronoun l
n;:inws of people, cities or places
countri<'s, nntionalities or languages
d;:iys and months
sc;:isons and pa rts of the day
s trcC'ts, road s, parks and squares

b Rewrite this dC'scription w ith ca pital


i'm from australia and i love sydney! there are

over four million people here, but it's never
crowded. that's because there's the harbour
with the famous sydney opera house and
there are beautiful beaches. my favourite
season is summer because of the surfing.
lots of people go to bondi beach but on
saturdays i go with my friends to narabeen
beach. it's quiet and relaxed. afterwards we
go to the centre of the city. there are over
three thousand restaurants with every type
of food from japanese to lebanese.

My favourite place in Russia is Red Square in Moscow

because there are interesting museums and art galleries.
But I also like other parts of Moscow. Krasnaya Presnya
Park is great. On Saturdays in the summer I meet friends
there in the afternoon. We relax and play sport - an d it's
free! Summer in Moscow is b etween May and September,
but I love winter. December is my favourite month
beca use the snow is beautiful and we go ice-skating.

4 Write a description of your favouri te Low n

or city fur a website.

5 Display the descriptions around the

classroom. Walk aroLmd and read ecich
other's descriptions. Check the rnpit;:i l

Unit 3 Places

Before you watch

1 Work in g roups. Look at the phutu and read the

Ci1ption. Discuss the question s.
Describe this city with three adjectives.
2 Why du yuu think Oxford is a popula r place for

2 Work in pairs. imagine you are a visitor lo O xford .

Write three questiuns tu ask local people . Then
compare your questiuns with the class.


ls //1ere 11 park i11 the city?

While you watch

3 Watch the video about a road in Oxford . Tick(.!)

the places you see.

1 Lmi vers ity

2 church
3 schuol
4 shu ps
5 rnusl1 ue
6 bus stup
7 train s tation

8 post office
9 sports CC'ntrC'
rn res til u ran ts
ll pilrk
l 2 hospital
B supNmarkC'ts
14 tourist information

4 Work in pairs. Make ques tions with the words.

Then watch the video agilin ilnd check.

is il post offic<' there near he re?

is to c;it good place there a near h ere ?

round hC'r<' a park is there ?

4 g<'t to the su permarket h ow do l from here ?

5 Watch the video again. Choose the correct answers

to the questions.

1 Why is the city of Oxford fomous?

a beca use of the univNs ity
b beca use of ils his tory
c bo th ansv,rers il ;md h
2 Which pilrt of O xford is Cowley Road in?
a north
b so11th
C C'ilSt
d WC'St
'.1 Tlow docs the narrator describe the road?
a busy
b noisy
c crowded
4 Wha t commLmities li ve here?
a Asian and Caribbean
b C hinese and African
c both answers a and b


Whe re do you cross the roild for th<' post office?

a a l the bus s lop
b al the traffic li ght s
c a l the corner
Which typ es of restilurnnts do tlw two men tal k
a British
d Portug uese
b Ilalian
<' C.rC'ck
c Turkish
Where is the pil rk?
c1 on Cowley Roild
b on Manzi I Wily
c on O x ford Avcn11r
Who is the pil rk for?
a children
b s hidrnts
c cvN yon<'
WhN<' arc th<' two big supermarke ts?
il on MLlnz il Way
h on the ri ght
c opposite each other
Which smLlll supermarkets d oes the woman
talk i1bout?
il C.r<'<'k
d Russian
h Polish
e Ja p anese
c LC'bancsc
f Chinese

After you watch

6 Role play conversation between a visitor
and a local person
Work in pairs.
Student A: You are in yo ur local Lown or city. Milke
a lis t of the important and interesting places for
tourists. Think about:

places to visit
places to eat

places lo shop
places lo relax

Student B: Yo u are a touris t in il n<'w town or city.

Write ques tions lo find 011t ;ihout:

places to visit
places to eat

places lo shop
places lo relilx

Whe n yo u are rcil d y, prnctis<' a conversa tion

be tween the lot:-il I pNson (Student/\) and the
tourist (Stud<'nt 13). Then change roles and repeat
the convNsntion.

7 Work in pLlirs. You work for tourist information

in O xfo rd . Tourists visit the old parts of Oxford,
but th ey rarely visit Cowley Road. You want more
tourists to visit here. Write a short paragraph
about Cowley Road fur the city website. Use the
information from the videu.

6 Complete the ndjecti ves in the a rl'icle about



1 Complete the sentences with these verbs.







with m y family in Dubai.

in a restaurant near my hou se ilt
the weekend.
3 l d un ' t
shopping in the city centre
beca use the sh ops are crowd ed.
-l They
in an o ffice in tha t building.
5 l d un ' t
a car so l
to w ork by bus.

Complete the con versation w ith do or don't.

A : Wh e re

you live?

n: Tn ew York.

yo u like it?

B: Yes, it's g rea t. Th ere are Ju ts of places to go .


you have a car?

o, I 4
. And 1 5
travel by public
trans port beca use l have a bicycle.
A : Do yo u like sh opping in New York?
R: o, I "
. l sh op un line.

Ch oose the correct uptiun tu complete the

I T rn111r / comes from Egypt.
2 l lc livr I Iivl's in Singapore.
:i My friend s11rak I spcnks fo Ltr languages!
4 We don't I dors11't hn ve mu ch free lim e.
5 She don't I dors11't work in an office.
6 Wha t do I does your h usbnnd d o?

Bangkok in Thailand is a 1 b_g city with about

ten million people. It's also a 2 p_p_l_r city w ith
tourists, so it's o ften 3 c_o_d_d w ith hundreds of
people. The city is on interesting mix of
~ b a I f I, old houses and 5 m_d_r_ office
buildings. There's also a lot of traffic so sometimes
the air is 6 p_l_u_e_. For 7 c_e_n air and 8 q_i_t
places, go to the porks and the river.


say Lhe time

describe a town or city
ta lk about places of work

talk about my daily life

Real life

ask people about their lives

7 Comple te the w urd in each senten ce.


I w
is the museum?
2 Ts it n
he re?
3 It's nbou t ten minutes a
4 Co n
th is s treet beca use it's on th e oth e r
sid e of tlw rond .
the first sheet on the ri gh t.
5 T
6 T
right nnd g o strai ght up the road.

4 Say these lim es.



2 7: 15
3 9:25


5 15:03
6 21:56

5 Mn tch the words w ith th e senten ces.

car park




ask for places in a city

give directions


Th ere a re waiters here.

Peuple read boo ks h ere.
Uuctors wu rk in this place.
Slay the nig h t in this building.
A n acco Lmta nt is in this room .
6 People relax here at lunchtime.
7 Pu l yo ur car h ere.
8 T.ea rn abo ut his tory here.

8 Work in pn irs. D escribe s ix acti ons in yo ur no rma l
d ay and w h nt time you d o ench nctio n.
I get up at six o'clock.

Unit 4 Free time


1 ~ 1.27 Look a l the photo C1nd li s ~en ~o three pC'oplc tn lking

abo ul lheir free-lime Clclivi lies. Wh ich person ( I, 2 or 3) is in
the photo?

100% Identical?
ldC'ntirnl twins look the
sn m0, but do they have
identical interests and

48 Free time at work

~ 1.27 Listen ngnin. Match the' information for each person.

-Person 1,

An interview with
photographer Norbert
Rosing a bout his hubby and
his work

50 Extreme sports
Meet fuur people who like
dangerous sports


In my free time
interviews with real people
about their passions



Who with?


go fishing

after work

my brother

It's quiet and



friends )

It's good for


on my own

It's fun!

Person 2


Person 3

go to the

early in the

3 Think abui.1t yum free-time activity. Write notes abo ut:

what? (go running? wa tch TY?)

when? (morning? evening? a t the weekend?)
who wi th? (friends? family? un your own?)
why? (fun? guud fur you ? relaxing?)

4 Work in groups. Talk about your free-time activity.

I meet friends at the weekend and
we play computer games. It's fun.

reading same or different vocabulary free-time activities grammar like/love + -ing

pronunciation fol speaking likes and d islikes

4a 100/o identical?

Identical twins have the same eyes and the

same hair, but do they do the same things?
What do they do in their free time?
'lhe MulgrayTwins
Morna and Helen Mulgray are sevenry-tluee-years
old. 'lhey love books and they write books together.
'TI1ey live in the same house and they like the same
free-time activit ies. 'TI1ey like ganlci1ing, and at I he
weekend, they go walking together.
The .Kitt T wins
Cami lle and Kenn erly Kitt arc musicians and
actors. 'TI1cy both play the same 11111sical i11stnnnent,
the harp. They don't have much free time, but they
do Tae Kwon Do and they like swimming, together,
ot course.
'Il1e Bryan Twins
Mike and Rob love playing tennis. '!hey arc
professional players ~111d they play tennis all over
the world. In their free time, they watch films and
play computer games. But they don't do everything
together. On their day off; Bob likes going to the
gym, h11t Mike doesn't. He likes meeting friends at
the beach.
ident ical (adj) /a1'dent1kl/ exactly the same
twins (n pl) /twmz/ two children born on the
same day from t he same mother
day off (n) /'Ji.:1.inf/ free day from work

1 Uiscuss the!:>e ttuestiuns.
Do you know nny
twi ns? Do tlwy do the
sa me job? Do they
have the same hobbies
and interests?
2 Du you have any
brothers or sisters? Do
yo u spend you r free
time together?

2 Read the article about identical twins. Ts it about thei r work, thei r free time
or both?

3 ReCl d the article again and complete the table with information nbout the
The Mulgray Twins
Free-time activity?
W ho with?

The Kitt Twins

The Bryan Twins


Hol1 goes lo //1c gy111 .

Unit 4 Free t ime

Vocabulary free-time activities

Grammar like/love+ -ing

4 Match tlw vNbs with the nouns to make free-time'

7 Look a t the underlined wo rd s in thC'se sentence:::.

activitiC's. Tl1en check your answers in the article'.

1 go
2 play
3 do
Ll play
5 watch
6 play
7 go to
8 meet

computer games
friC'nd s
thr gym
w;i lking
T;ir Kwon Do
il mus ic;il ins trument

... WORDBUILDING verb + noun collocations

We use certain verbs with certain nouns. These arc called
collocations. For example: play golf, do yoga, go cycling,
go running, watch TV, play computer games, play mu~ic,
go camping, play football, read a maga.dne

from the article in Exercise 2. Which two sentence:::.

have a) like/lave+ 1w1111? b) lik<'/lnP1' +verb+ -i11g?
ThC'y love books.
2 They like the same free-time activities.
'.) Mike ilnd Bob~ playin~ tennis.
4 nob likes going to the gym.
I like/love swimming.
He likes singing.
I don't like clubbing.
She doesn 't like dancing.
Do you like shopping?
Docs he like shopping?
For further information and practice, see page 160.

For further information and practice, see page 35 of t he


5 Complete th e q ueslio1rnaire w ith five free-timC'

activi ti C's of your choice.

8 Pronunciation l o!
"'- 1.28 Listen and repeat thC'sC' vNbs in the -i11g


Exa mple:
111 yu11r jlee ti11111, dn ynu gn fi <;llfllg?


9 WritC' three sentences (two true and one false)
about your free-lime acti vi ti~s, interests or
hobbi<'s. Use love, like or do11't like.
1 l0c1e playing the guitar. (tnw)
1 do11 't like going u11t fur dinner. (fn/~1')
1 likc w11tc11i11gjuutbul/. (true)

10 Wurk in pairs. Read your thrC'C' sC'nl ences lo your

pa rtner. H~/She guesses w hich one is false.

11 Ask you partner more quC's tions ilbo ul his / her

likes and dislikes. Ask about thC'sC' topics:

In your free time, doyou


. ?0

books and films

mu s ic
food ilnd shopping
computC'r gilmes
What's your favourite book?
What kinds of
music do you like?

6 Work in pairs. Interview your partnC'r wi lh yo ur

q ues liorn1aire.

Why do you like tennis?

Do you go fishing?
Yes, I do. I No, I don't

Does your family also

like computer games?

reading a nature photographer grammar adverbs of frequency listening an int erview w ith Norbert Rosing
grammar express ions of frequency pronunciation linking speaking how often

4b Free time at work

1 How rm1ch free lime do you have at
work? Which of lhesc ;ictivitics do yo u
du when yo u lake n brcnk nt work?
send emai ls to friends
visit social networking sites
make a phone call
read a book
go for a walk
do online shopping
play o nline games
have a coffee
surf the Internet
watch videos
something else?

2 Look a t the photos. o rbcrt Rosin g is

a m1ture photographer. Discuss these
Uo you thin k 110 w orks long hours?
2 Uo yo u think h<' ha s a lot of free time?
3 Wha l d o you think he docs in this free

3 H.ead about N orb<'rt. /\nswer these

questions w ith Yes, No or Don't know.
I Docs Norbert come from Germ any?
2 rs his hobby and his job different ?
;) !\re his photos in lots of different
4 Does he photograph people?
5 Does he like the Arctic?
6 In the Arctic, does he often work
during the day?

Norbert Rosing comes from northern Germany. His

hobby is photography, but his hobby is also his job. He's
a professional photographer and his photos are often in
National Geographic magazine. He does a lot of work
in t he national parks in North America because he only
photographs nature and an imals. He usually goes to the
Arctic in the summer. At this time the sun shines twentyfou r hours a day. He loves it there and his phot os of
pol ar bea rs are famous . W hen he takes phot os of them,
he sometimes wa its hours for the perfect one. In the
Arctic, 'I don't often work during the day because you
take the best nature photographs at night,' he explains.

Unit 4 Free time

Grammar adverbs of frequency

4 1.ook ;it th e ndverbs of frequency in these
sC'ntC'nces from the nrlicle. A11swer the
quC's ti ons ( 1-3).

Grammar expressions of
9 Look a t the extract from the interview with Norbert.

His pho tos arc Qttcn in National l.f'ngra p/1ir

He usUfilly goes to the /\retie in the s ummN.
I do~ often wo rk during the day.
1 Uo ad verb~ of fre(.tuency curne before or after
the verb lo be?
2 Do they come before or after other verbs?
3 Underline more adverbs of fre(.1L1ency in the
article and write them on this scale.

Where do expressions of frequency (<'.g. 011rf' a yrnr)

usually go in a sentence?
ln Lerviewer:
No rbert:

I read a newspaper every morning.

We have our English lesson twice a week.
For further information and practice, see page 161 .



I'm o ften away at the weekend.
I don't often watch T\I.
I never play computer games.
For further information and practice, see pages 160
and 161 .

5 Make these sentences true fur you. Add an

10 Replace th<' undNlitwd word s in the sentences

with an cxpr<'ssion of frequency. Match the words
in the box.


once a


twice a


three times a

Tgo Lo Lhe gym on Tuesdays. Th ursdays and


adverb of frequency.

1 work eigh t hours a day.

l'm lilte for work.
1 hnve ;i long lunch nt wo rk.
1 knv<' work en rl y.
1 travC'I to o th er counlTies for my holiday.
1 work ;it night.


~ 1.29 Lis ten Lo part of an i11terv iew with

orherl. umber Lhe topics (a-c) in Lhe order

h<' talks nbout the m.
a his free time in the Arctic
b photographing polar bea rs
c travelling to the Arctic

7 ,,., 1.29 Listen again. Are these sentences

true (T) or fa lse (F)?
1 Norbe rt goes Lo Lhe Arctic every yea r.
2 I Tc likes the A relic beca use there aren' t many
hu mn ns.
:1 I k trnvC'ls by rnr, s now mobile or boat, and he
also wa lks.
4 Prom t\ugust to ovC'mbN, there nren' I any
polar bears.
5 He takes photos during th e day and sk<'ps
at night.
6 His free time is never boring.

8 Uu you think Norbert has a good job? Why? I

Why nut?

H ow often do you see them?

Belween August and November,
you see polar bears e eLy (.lay.


100 % .-.~~~~~~~~~~~~~~0%

always '

How often do you go to the Arctic?

l go unce yeai:.

1go lo Ilic gy111 //1rcc I i111es a week.

2 My family goes on holiday in April and in
3 l read all my em ails at six o'clock in the evening.
4 We visit my family in lndia in the summe r.
5 l d rink a cup of coffee in the morning. at eleven
and after lun ch.
6 AL work, we have a team meeting on the first
day of Lhe month.

11 Pronunciation linking
"" 1.30 Listen and repeat these sC'ntences. The

words ending with a consonant lin k wi th the word

starting with a vowel.
I'm._always late fur work.
2 We don' t often Lake breaks.
3 H ow._ofle n do yo u go there?
4 1 go to lhe gy m Lwice~a week.

12 Choose one topic below and prepare five I low often
sport and exercise'
work and trnv<'l

holid ays and Lime off

evenings and weekends

13 Work in groups. Take turns to nsk and answer your



vocabulary sports reading adrenaline sports critical thinking fact o r opin ion grammar can/can 't
speaking you r ab ilities

4c Extreme sports
Vocabulary sports

Grammar can/can't

1 Work in p;iirs. T.ook Jt these sports nnd nnswcr the

6 Look at the sentences a bout ability (;i- c)

from the article. Answer the questi o ns ("I 4).

q ues tions.

H e can jLUnp between twenty il nd thirty

b lt' s early evening so he Ciln't see well.
c Ho w well can you cycle ;icross the top of
a mountain?

basketbal l
ice hockey

*socce r (US Eng)

W h ich spor ts do you piny? Which s ports do you like

wiltching on TV?

Cn11 is ;i mod e l verb. Docs it come before

Which s ports :
a need a ball?
b a re in water?
c are on snow?
d arc between two teams?
c use the verb p/11y (e.g. play faotlia ll)?
f use the verb gu (e.g. go skiing)?
g have a verb form (e.g. skiing - ski)?


I can swim.
I can't play tennis.
Can you play the piano 7

ln yo ur op in.ion, w hich of thC'SC' ildjC'ctivC's describe

each spo rt ?





Use an adverb to say how well/fast/high, etc.

I can play very w ell.
I can speak French a bit.
I can't jump very high.
How well can you play the piano ?


For further information and practice, see

page 161 .


or ;iftcr the' milin verb?

n o W(' i1dd - S to cnll for /1e/s/Je/it forms?
n o WC n('('d don 't in il negative sen tence?
Whilt is the' ild vcrb in sente nce b?

T.ook nt the photos of four extreme s ports on page 51.

Wh ich ndjectivc from Exercise 1 describes each sport
(in your opinion)?

7 Complete the sente nces wi~h c:a11 or cn11 't.

Which sentences cont;iin nd vcrbs?

RC'i1d the' ilrticle . Mntch the sente nces (1- 5) to the s ports
(A- 0). More thnn one nnswcr is possible for som e
c::;en tences.


This ex treme sp ort:

1 is u sua lly in different places.
2 is in the a ir.
3 is on a muLmta i..n.
4 needs wa ter.
5 is al ways ur often in ver y high places.

swim well , but Tcan 't jump

into w;iter.
TTow well
you play tennis?
you cycle up a mountain?

No, T
Tdon't pby a ny sp orts, but l like mu~ic.
play the guitar well and the
pinno a bit.
S TTow mnny languages
yuu speak?
6 T
s pea k I'rench very well and
Chinese a bit.

Critical thinking fact or opinion

4 T.ook ;it these sentences from the nrticlc and decide if
thC'y ;ire fort (F) or someone's opinion (0).
1 Lots of people du sport in their free lime, but these
people du extreme sports!
2 Cliff diving is a very exciting ex treme sp o rt.
3 ln this photo, h e is in Doston H;irhour in front of
23,UUU people.
4 Highlining is i1 g ren t ndvC'nture.
5 Th e l;ind scn pc is perfect.
6 Ex tre me pnrilgli ders rnn fl y over 3,000 metres high.


Write down a sport, a mu sicnl ins trume nt

and a l;i ng u;ige. ThC'n work in pnirs. Ask
your pnrh1cr Ca11 you ... ? questions with
your word s.
Can you play/speak ... ?
Yes, I can ... very well.
No, not very well.

5 Find a nothe r foct nnd ilnother opinion in the nrticlc.


Unit 4 Free time




Lot.<o of people do .<oport in their
free time, but these people do
e.~treme .<oport.<o!

I ff d nQ
Cliff diving is a very exciting extreme
sport and Cyrille Oumedjkane is an
expert cliff diver. In this photo, he is in
Kragero, Norway at the cliff diving world
series. He can jump between twenty
and thirty metres into the water teet tirst.
(Normal divers jump from ten metres or
less and they jump into the water head
first.) He can jump from any high place.
'I cliff dive because I don't like soccer.
I like the adrenaline,' he says.

You can 'highline' in lots

of different places, but
mountains are popular. You
put a line between two high
places and walk across.
In this photo. American
Andy Lewis walks above a
canyon in Utah, USA. It's
early eveninQ so he can't
see well. Also the wind is
strong so Andy can't walk
fast, but highlining is a great

D Pc..r g Jin


n b1K ng

Perhaps you often go cycling, but how well can you

cycle across the top of a 1,000 metre mountain?
Professional mountain biker Kenny Belaey cycles
across South Africa's Table Mountain in this photo.
' I he landscape is perfect,' he says.

In this photo Justin Ferrar flies above Fronalpstock in the

mountains of Switzerland. The weather is perfect for paraglidinQ
and today it's very peaceful. But paragliding isn't normally
relaxing! Extreme paragliders can fly over 3,000 metres high and
very long distances (over 300 kilometres).
adrenaline (n) l:l'drenalln/ a chemical in your body. Humans produce

the chemical when they are excited (often in sports).

reading g ap year volunteer w ork real life talking about abilities and interests pronunciation sentence stress

4d In your gap year

1 Read the website and answer the questions.
1 What does the website offer?
2 What are the top-three volunteer jobs?




Do you need a break from

your everyday work?
Do you want to travel and
live mother countries?
Do you want to take a gap
year between school and

Real life talking about

abilities and interests
3 4' 1.31 Listen tu sumeune phone the
n umber on the website in Exercise l.
Which volunteer job is she interested in?

4 ,,_ 1.31 Listen again. Tick the

expressions you hear.

Are you good at teaching?

How well can you speak English?
Can you teach?
Do yo u like ani mals?

We have hundreds of volunteer jobs for your gap year. This

week, our TOP-THREE volunteer jobs are:

I can spea k Eng lish wel l.

I can' t go for eighteen months.
I'm (not very) good at writing.
I (don't) like animals.
I love them!

Help the lions: Volunteer in Zambia and help hundreds of

orphan lion cubs.
Write a newspaper: An English newspaper in Bolivia needs
young enthusiastic journalists.

5 Pronunciation sentence stress

Teach English: Work with young children in schools all over

the world.

,,_ 1.32 Listen to these sentences. Notice

the stressed words. Then listen again
and repeat.

Are you good al writing?

I'm good at writing.
Can you leach?
How well ci1 n you teach?
I can't spei1k Engli_sh very well.
Do you like i1n imals?
I love i1nimi11s!

Work in pairs. Look i1 t the websi te

in Exercise 1 again i1 nd role play th is
telephone conversi1t-ion.
Stu dent A: You work for the Gap Year
Volunteer Work company. Ask Student B
abou t his/ her abi lities and interests.
Shu.lent 1:3: Yuu want to do a gap year.
Answer l1 uestions abou t your abili ties
and interests.
Afterwards, ch ange roles and repea t the
role p lay.

Call 0200 678 58476 now and ask for more information.

orph an (n) /''J:fn/ no parents

2 Du people take gap years in your country? What do they

do during that time? Uo you do any volLmteer work?

writing short emails writing skill reference words

Unit 4 Free time

4e You have an email

Writing short emails

3 Writing skill reference words

1 How do you conurnmicale with p eople in olher

Look at emai l I in Exercise 2. The writer doesn ' t

repea t information because he uses 'it'. What docs
'it' refer back to?

Look at these words from emails 2- 6. What do

they refer back to?

places (e.g. b y phone, by email, by lex! message,

onlinC' chat) ? Ts it different ;it work and in your
free time? Wh y?

2 Read these' s hort C'mail s. Which are about work

and which arc about free' time?


2 h er
3 it
4 it
5 one
6 it

H I.

Are you interested in seeing the new Spielberg

film ? It starts at 8.


4 Remove the repetition from the sentences. Replace

the underlined words with these words.
Dea r Sandy

The receptionist is very busy today. Do you have

any free time? Can you help her?


it (x2)



there (x2)

1 I like Joe's cafe. Can we meet at loe's cafe?

Reg ards


Mol ly

2 l have your letter. Can you come and get the


The party is at 8 p .m . on Friday. Omar thinks it's
on Saturday. Can you tell him?


Hi. I' m at work until six so do you want to eat

out this evening? The new restaurant on Brooke
Street does sushi. Do you like it? We can go


Do you like Mexican food? The cafe downstairs

d ues Mexican food at lunchtime.
l' m i.n my office su meet me at my office.
Olav can' t finish his work. Can you help .Q!.ay,?
Matt and Suki are late. Ph~ase call Matt and
l like the new nightclub. Can we go to the new
Can yo u buy a new computer? This computer
is very old.

5 Wrile Lwo shorl emails to your partner. Use

Are you good at fixing photocopiers? The one in
my office doesn't work. Please help!

re ference words lo avoid repe lilion.

Message 1: Ask for help wi th something at w ork.

Message 2: lnvite yo ur partner somewhere
(e.g. a restaurant, the cinema).

Hello Brigitte

I can't understand this email from two customers

in Paris. You can speak French so can you
translate it for me and reply to them? Thanks.

6 Work in pairs. Exchange emails with your p<1rtner.

Does your partner use reference words? Write a

reply to each message.

A free-time activity

Unit 4 Free time

Before you watch

4 Watch the video again. Answer the three questions

in the tables below. Write words and phrases.
Don't write full sentem:es.

1 Work in pairs. T.ook at the photo of a sport and

discuss the questions.

Question 1

1 How do you think they play this sport?

2 What equipment do they use?

M aureen

2 Match the free-time activities (1 - 5) with the


pictures (A- E).


playing the ukulele

going snowboarding
going to concerts
gardening at an allotment
playing disc golf

Question 2

Question 3
Caro line
M aureen


5 Work in groups. Com pare your answers in the

tables and add more information. Then watch the
video again and check.

After you watch


Who says these sentences in the video? Write

C (Caroline), M (Ma ureen) or H (Ben).
a mix between Frisbee and golf.



T have to dig the soil and get it ready.

T rea lly like getti ng together with friends.

r like the fresh air.

You come back feeling very refreshed.
... a nice way for me to hang out with my
friends during the summer.
7 Going to competitions a t weekends, it takes me
to some interesting locations.

7 Match these phrases tu the bold phrases in the

sentences (1-7) in Exercise 6. They have the same

While you watch


Watch the video. What three questions do the

people answer?

combination of
prepare it
spend time with
more energy


8 Role play Caroline, Maureen and Ben at

a party
Work in groups of three. Each studen t chooses a
person: Caroline, Maureen or Ben.

allotment (n) /;i'lotm;int/ a small area of land in a city for

growing fruit and vegetables
garden (n) /'go:dn/ a small area of land next to your house

Imagine you are all at a party and you meet each

other. Stand up and have conversations. Talk
abou t wha t you do in your free lime, how often
you do it and why you enjoy it. Ask each other
more questions about your free-time activities.

5 Complete the sentences with these word s.

1 Complete the sentences with the -ing form of these





1 l love
. it's great exen.:ise!
2 He likes ....
3 She doesn ' t like . .
_ to the gym.
4 T hey love _
tu ja:L:.::: music.
5 We don' t like
football on TV.

2 Write sentences about these people and their

free time.



Shelly I watch TV (never)

Shelly never watches TV
Cluis I watch TV (often)
Airnelle I go lo the cinema (once a month)
Shelly I play computer games (som.elim.es)
Cluis I play com.puler games (every day)
Cluis I go lo the cinema (sometimes)
Aiu1elle I play computer games (not often)
Shelly I go lo the gym al Lhe weekend (us ually)


talk about free-time activities

tal k about different sports


No, l can't, but my friend can sing very well.

No, but l can nm fast.
Yes, l can, but not very well.
Not very high.
No, but I can play the piano.

Real life

t\: T' d liken job for the s ummer.

OK. t\ re you good 1 i11 I at English? T have a job

for nn English tencher.

A: Tcan speak English 2 good I well, but T don ' t like
teachi_ng. Is th ere anything e lse?
TI: What about ternus? How well can you 'do I

talk about likes and dislikes

talk about frequency


talk about abi lity

A: Not 4 very In /Ji/. And Tdon' t 1ike tennis .

n: 5 Ca11 I no you like nnimnls?
t\: Yes, T love them!

letters? Cross out the incorrect word.

7 Complete these senten ces for you . Then comp;:ire

with n pMh1 er.

2 DO
3 GO

teruus golf rurming

yoga camping exercise
fishing cycling football
the guitar v ideos a film
a b ook a maga z ine
a musicnl ins hument
the cinema the thentrc TV
7 USTENTO the gym the radio music
friend s famil y sport

Choose the curred options tu complete the




4 Which words cannot follow the verb in CAPITAL


3 The sports of surfing, swinuning and sa iling

are in
4 People in boxing use
5 You can play hockey on
6 Two
play football and b aseball.
7 You can go climbing and biking on a
8 Paragliding is lugh up in the

C m you spe;:ik Jt;:ili;:in?

C;:i n you swim fast?

Tc;:in plLly the guit;:ir. C;:in you?
4 Tc;:in 't sing very well. C;:in you?
S TTow high c;:in y ou jump?


1 The people in the photo use

2 You play cricket, basketball and leruus with n

3 Maleh the ques tions with the answers.



1 I'm good at ... , but I'm not good at ...

2 I can ... well, but Tcan't ... well.
3 I love ... , but I don 't like . ..

talk and ask about abilities and interests


Work in pairs. Complete these questions for your

partner. Then take turns to ask and answer.
Do you like ... ?
Tlow oH<'n do vo11 .. ?

How w ell cnn you ... ?

;\ l"C" V Ol l P'OOO ;) t ... ?

Unit 5 Food


Famous for food

We look at famous di shes
from around the world


Food markets
Wh y food markets are
m Lu.:h more than your local
s upermarket

1 Look a l the photo a nd caption. Whal is the nrnn 's job? Whill"
food does he cook? Where does he work?

1.33 Lis ten lo a travel w riter for Nn l io11nl Geog mpltic

magazine. Answer the questions.

I Why docs he say he has a great job?

2 Wh y does he really love travelling?
3 Where does he always go w hen he arrives in a new city?
4 His favourite place in Bangkok is Chinatown. Why?
5 What is his favourite dish?

3 "- 1.33 Complete the sentences w ith these food verbs. Then

The seed vault

How a place in Norway can
sa ve our food i.n the future


Gelato University
Learn how lo make ice
cream in llaly

listen again and check.






1 All the s lree l chefs 111(1kc the food by hand.

2 Then they
il on a rea l fire.
the food in
3 So w hen you wa lk up the s treet, you Cil n
the distilnce.
the noodles w ith il hot Silucc.
4 The chds
5 They
6 T rnn
them ilt ilny time of dily - for breilkfost, lunch
or dinne r!

4 Work in pi'lirs. Tell your pnrhwr about your fovou ritc dish.

vocabulary food pronunciation /tJ/ or /<l;,I speaking and listening famous for food
grammar countable and uncountable nouns (a, some and any) speaking a special meal

Sa Famous for food

Vocabulary food
1 Match the word s tu the pictures 1-20.

Speaking and listening

famous for food
4 Many countries are famous fur a type
of food ur a special dish. Wurk in
pairs and match the dishes (1-6) with
the cmmtries (a-f). Then check your
answers un page 153.


1 pizza
2 ceviche
3 satay
4 kabsa
5 pierogi
6 curry

Sa udi Arabia

5 Are you from one of the countries

in Exercise 4? Uo you eat this dish?
ls your country famous for other
dishes? Whal is a popular dish in your
coLmlry? Tell the class.



~ 1.35 Listen to three people

describing a dish from their coLmlry.
Maleh each person lo a photo (A-C)
on page 59 .




~ 1.35 T.isten again . Match the dishes

with the sentences. Write TJ, Kor C.

More than one answer is possible.
1 It's popular in other countries.

2 Work in pairs. Complete these sentences about yuu with the

food in Exercise 1. Compare yuur sentences with your partner.
T C'i1 ~

, but I never eal

. I never cook
3 Tg row
i1l home, bul I buy
from a shop.
4 T know w h;it
Lasles like, bull don' t know what
tastes like.

Grammar countable
and uncountable nouns
(a, some and any)
8 Look at the highlighted words in these
sentences from Exercise 6. Which
nouns can you count? Which nouns
can't yuu count?

3 Pronunciation lt.fI or l d3I

,,. 1.34 Listen to these words. Du you hear /tJ/ or
/d3/? Listen again and repeat.

chicken I I
2 juice I I

2 You make it with meat.

3 You make it with fish.
4 You can also add different vegetables.
5 Yuu cuok it.
6 Yuu serve it with rice.
7 Yuu serve it with salad.
8 You eat it hot.

3 cheese I I
4 ornnge I I

Cook lite chicke11with1111 a11io11.

You put: some j11icafrom 11 lcmo11011 l11cfis/1.
Tdn11 't ust' any can-ats.
You always nt'cd sn111t 111cab, 011io11s and

Unit 5 Food


~ 1.36 Choose' the correct

options to rnmpkt<' th<'

conversation about a Thai dish
called satay. Then listen and
A: l'd like to make satay this






evening. What du yuu

Sounds goud.
OK, wdl, we need 1 11ny I
some chicken. Can yuu buy
11 I so111e kilu when yuu gu
to the s upermarket?
And we need 3 11 I 1111 onion.
There are 41111y /s o111e onions
in the cupboard. Can we
have salad with ii?
Good idea. Do we have
everything we need ?
T think so. Oh no, we need
a I some tom a toes.
And T'd li ke 611 I some olive
oi l as well. There isn' t 71111y I
SOii/' JcfL
OK. So we need 8 a11y I so111'
chicken, tomntoes nnd olive
oil. !\ nything else?

11 Work in pnirs. You and your

pnrtner have two recipes you
want to rnn ke nnd some food in
the kitchen . Find out whnt you
need from the supermarket.
t5tudent A: Turn tu page 154.
Student B: Turn tu page 156.

12 Work in pairs. Plan a specia I
meal for six people with
different dishes. Then make
a list of the food you need.

9 Look at the grammar box and check yuur arn;wers in Exercise 8.


We need some ...


Countable nouns
You can say a number before these nouns (There is a plural form.): one banana,
two bananas. You can use a/an: a banana, an orange.

And we also need a ...

Uncountable nouns

You can't say a number o r a/an before these nouns (There is no plural form .):
a pasta, ~ bread.

You can use some or any with countab le and uncountable nouns:
I'd like some bananas/bread.
I don't need any bananas/bread.
Do you have any bananas/bread?
For further information and practice, see pages 161 and 162.

Do we need any ... ?

13 Tell the class about yuur meal

and the food you need.


reading food markets grammar a lot of and not much I not many
listening and vocabulary quantities and containers grammar how many I how much speaking at a market

Sb Food markets
Grammar a lot of and nbt much I
not many

1 Wh ere d o you like shopping for food ? Choose an
answer (a-cl).

4 Look a l these senten ces fron1 the article. Then

comple te the rules (1-3) w ith a lot of, 11ot much ;md

al a s upe rmarke t
a l a marke t
from lots o f diffe rent sh op s on the hi gh street
I don ' t like sh opping !

nol many.

There's a lat of different fond ...

There are a lat of shops here.
There are11't many markets .. .
There isn't 111uchfood fo r sale after /() a.111.

2 Read the a rticle ab o ut m arke ts arotmd th e w orld.

Answer the q ues tions.


W11a t a rc the good things Jbout supcrmilrkets?

W11y d ocs th e w riter like food milrkets?
TTow old is St Lilw rence milrket?
Wl1il t food ciln you buy in St Lawren ce market?
Whilt is ho t in Castries Market?
Wllat is upstairs a t Kreta Ayer Wet Market?
Wh at can you h ea r in La Vucciria?
Wh en is Borough Market open ?

3 Discuss th ese questi ons ilS il clL1ss.

Do you have a foo d market in your tow n or
ci ty? What d ays is it open ?
2 Can you buy fresh food and local dishes there?
Wh a t kind?
3 Wha t other street markets are in your town or
city? What d o they sell?

1 St Lawrence, Toronto, Canada

St Lawrence food market, in the centre of
Toronto, is 200 yeilrs old. There are il lot of shops
here (well over 100) with every kind of meat and
seafood. Shoppers visit from all over the world.

2 Use
3 Use

w ith countable or uncountable nm.ms.

w ith countabl e n ouns.
with uncountable nouns.




There are a lot of apples.

I don't eat many apples.
I don't eat a lot of apples.
Do you eat a lot of I many
Yes, I do. I No, not many.

There's a lot of cheese.

I don't e at much cheese.
I don't ea t a lot of cheese .
Do you e at a lot of I much
No, I don't. I No, not much.

For further information and practice, see page 162.

La Vucciria, Palermo, Italy

There aren't many markets in

the worlcl with live music.. Rut in
Palermo, musicians play ancl sing
as shoppers buy their sJusages and
kebabs . It's a great atmosphere!

2 Castries Market. St Lucia

Naturally, this island in the Caribbean has a

market famous for fish and fruit. 13uy some
bananas for lunch and some fish for dinner. And
try the local sauce - it's very hot!

3 Kreta Ayer Wet Market. Singapore

There's a lot of different food here and there's
also a great restaurant upstairs. Go at around 6
a.m. and have some tasty noodles for breakfast.

Borough Market. London, England

This market is 250 years old and

famous with food lovers. It's open
from Thursday to Saturday and it's
good to go very early. There Isn 't
much food for sale after 10 a.m.!

Unit 5 Food

5 Louk at the grnm1m1r box on page 60. Then rewrite

the sentences with a lot of, 11111c/1 ur many whC'J'e



I don' t eat a lot-cl fast food.

1 do11 '/ eot 11111chfastfood.
He ea ts n lot of fresh fruit and vegetnbks.
not possi/1/t
There aren' t a lut of local markets in my region.
Do you buy a lot of sweets for the children?
There isn 't a lot of milk in the frid ge.
My fo mily buys a lot of food from the
She doesn't put a Jot of salt on hN food.
Do you eat a Jot of strawberries in the summer?

9 Match these quantities and containers to the

uncount;:ibk noLms (1-8).








6 Work in pairs. Make true sentences for you with

these expressions and tell your pnrh1er.
l eat a lot of ...
I don't C'Jt miln y .. .
l don't en t much .. .

Listening and vocabulary

quantities and containers

~ 1.37 Listen to a shopper n t one of the markets

J a
4 a

of sa uce
of chocolate
of bread
of water

5 Ll
6 Ll
7 a
8 a

of pasta
of tLma
of flolll'
of rice

fro1n Exercise 2. Which market is it?

Grammar how many I how

~ 1.37 Listen again. Answer the questions.


1 I Tow milny bananas dues he buy?

2 I Tow mnny kilos of rice does he buy?
3 I Tow milny bottles of sauce does he buy?

10 Look at the questions in the two excerpts from

the conversation in Exercis0 7. Which question
asks about countable nouns? Which asks about
Lmcountable nouns?
A: I'd like some bananao, please.
B: Ilow many do }'QU want?
A: Six, plcnse.
A: Some rice, please.

B: .ti.ow much.do you wnnt? A kilo?

Countable: How many (apples) do you want?
Uncountable: How much (rice) do you want?
For further information and practice, see page 162.

11 Work in pairs. Role play four conversations at
a food market. Ask for this food. Take turns to be
the shopper.
Conversation 1: five apples nnd some rice
Conversation 2: some bread and n bollle of sauce
Conversation 3: four tins of tunn nnd six slices of
Conversation 4: a packet of pasta and six eggs


reading food for the future word focus of pronunciation linking of

critica l t hinking summarising speaking summarising t he article

---Sc The seed vault

5 Pronunciation linking of

1 Do you ever grow pbnts from seeds? Do you C'ver
grow yo llf own food? Why? I Why not ?

2 Read the article on page 63. ls it abo ut growin g,

storing or bu ying SC'ed s?

3 Read the article cignin. Answer the c.1ues tions.

1 Why don't pbnts sometimes grow?
2 Who needs new seed s?
3 Uo seed s grow in the va ult?
4 Which rnuntry has the biggest seed vnu lt in the
wo rld?
5 Is the SC'ed vault at the orlh Pole or in Norway?
6 Ts the' seed vault above or below t11C' ground?
7 How many varieties uf seed cire in thC' vnult at
the moment?
8 H ow many seeds can yo u put in the' vnult?

Word focus of
4 Look a t lhe undC'rlined phrases in

the~e sente nces

from the article. Notice the position of t~f The n

w rile ~r in the sC'n tcnces (1-6).
A lot of countries need different types of seeds.
]11e vci ult is on the island of Spitsbergen.
J\ lot people in China eci t rice for brca kfast.

2 The United State~ Americci is fnrnous for

bu rgers.
~ T'd like a bottle wa te1~ plensC' .
.i J\ friend mine is vegetnrinn .
5 I ea t my main meal in the n1iddlc the day.
6 There are many varie ties potnto.

~ 1.38 Listen to the complctC'd sentences i.n

F.xNcisc 4. Notice the link between uj and the wore!

hC'forc each time. Listen cignin nnd repeat.
A lot_ of peop le in Chinn cat rice for breakfnst.

Critical thinking summarising

6 Maleh these s ummary sentences with the
paragra phs ( 1- 5) in the artide.
n J\ seed vault is a place for diffC'rcnt types uf
seed s.
h The re are many different seC'ds from all uver
the world in the va ult.
c Most of the Svalbard Globnl Seed Va ult b
und er the ground.
d The seed vault is impor tant for humans.
e Tt's important to have new seeds.

7 Work li1 pnirs. Cover the artide un the next page.
Summci rise thC' mn in points uf the article'. Use all
these ph rnses.
store different types of seed
Sva lbard Globa l Seed Vault
cold place
one hund red and th irty metres
three large areas
island of Spitsbergen
half a million varieties thousands of years

Unit 5 Food

1 Why are new seeds important?

4 How many varieties of seeds are there?

A lot of countries need different types of seeds so they can

plant them again. There is an important reason for this.
Sometimes plants don 't grow in a country because of bad
weather or disease and so farmers need new seeds.

There are about half a million varieties of seeds inside the

vault. For example, there are varieties of seed for rice from
Asia and Africa, 32 varieties of seed for potatoes from
Ireland and seeds for different chillies from the USA.

2 Where can countries store the seeds?

5 How long can the seeds live?

You can store seeds in a 'seed vault'. It's a place at a special

temperature. The seeds don't grow, but they can live for a
long time. Norway has the biggest seed vault in the world the Svalbard Global Seed Vault - and it has seeds from a lot
of different countries.

The seed vault has space for a lot more seeds. In total ,
you can put about 2.2 billion seeds inside. The seeds
can live here for thousands of years because of the cold
temperature of -18 "C. So, in the future, humans can grow
any seed they want. In other words, the seed vault is the
difference between life and death.

3 Where is the Svalbard Global Seed Vault?

The vault is on the island of Spitsbergen. The island is about
one thousand kilometres from the North Pole. It's a very
cold place so it's good for seeds. Above the ground, the
doorway is small, but inside the building is huge. You walk
down a long corridor and one hundred and thirty metres
inside a mountain. At the end, there are three large
areas with seeds.

disease (n) /d1'Li:.d an illness in people, animals or plants

seed (n) /si:d/ we grow plants from 1hese
store (v) Isl :i:(r)/ to keep or put in something
vault (n) /v:i:lt/ place below the ground for storing things
variety (n) /v;i'rn1;iti/ a group of different things (e.g. different
types of potato)

speaking and vocabulary a menu real life ordering a meal pronunciation cont ract ed forms

Sd At the restaurant
Speaking and vocabulary

Real life ordering a meal

1 What are common starters, main courses and desserts on a

~ 1.39 Listen to two people at a

menu in your country? What about your favourite restaurant?

restaurant. Answer the questions.

2 Look Lit the pLirts of tlw menu. WhLJt di shes would you order?

1 What du they order?

2 Look at the menu again. H ow
much does the meal cost?

Tell your pLirtncr.

~ 1.39 Look at these phrases fur

ordering a meal. Who says them:

one of the customers (C) or the
waiter (W)? Listen again a nd check.
Here is the menu.
Can I get you anything to drink first?
I'd like a bottle of water, please.
I don't want a starter.
I' ll have a seafood special.
I'd also like a dessert.
Are you ready to order?
I'd like a four-cheese pizza .
That was delicious.
Can I get you anything else?
Could we have the bill, please?

... WORDBUILDING British or

American English

Soup of the day ........................................................ $6.95

Garlic fries ................................................................. $4.95

Seafood special ............................... .. ...................... $13.95
Four cheese pizza .............................................. ....... $10.95
Caesar salad ............................................................ $9.95

Ice cream sundae .............. .............................. ......... $7.95
Chocolate cake with cream ..................................... $7.95

Bottle of water (sparkling or still) ............................ $2.50
Iced tea .. ... .. .. ......... .... ... ... .. ........ ............ ... . .. ... .. . .. ..... $2.50

Read these parts of the conversation in

the restaurant:
'The garlic f ries are really good. Do you
call them chips in England?'
'Could we have the bill, please?' 'He
means the check.'
Some words are different in British
English and American English: fries/
chips, bi/I/check.
For further information and practice,
see page 43 of the Workbook.

5 Pronunciation contract ed

4' 1.40

Listen and repeat these

contracted forms.


T'd likr a mffr.r.


l'll have a pizza.

6 Work in groups of three. One

person is the waiter, two people are
customers. Practise a conversation at
Calzone's restaurant. Use the menu
in Exercise 2. Then change rules.

writ ing instructions writing skill punctuat ion

Unit 5 Food


Se What do I do next?
Writing instructions

C l{t"ad the ins h"u clions in this pn rt of a recipe. /\dd the missing

p unctu ation.

1 Read the Lhrt't' instructions for

food ( 1- 3). Match the tC'xts Lo
w he re' yo u read them (a-c).
a inside Ll bo x
b in a cookery book
c on a food 1Clbel

uu can make this cake i11
about fifteen minutes. First
of all, heat the oven to 200C. Put
the nuur in a bowl. Then, atltl
the milk, eggs, butter and salt.

hank you fur buying this

Home Rorbl!cue Grill. Please
follow these instructions:
Do not use t he barbecue
inside a hui lrling.
2 Never leave ch ildren with
the barbecue.

t ore this hott le uf sauce in

a cool, dry place. After y ou
open the bottle, use the sauce
within three mont hs.

Fortune cookies are nice at the end uf a meal in a Chinese restauran t

and they're easy to make
You nee<l the follo wing piec.es o f p aper three eggs sugar salt and flour
First of all write yuur messages on the pieces of paper After you m ix the
eggs su gar salt and flour p our the mix ture onto a tray

Work in pnirs. Writt! instructions Lo make your fo vour ile typ e of dish,
sandwich o r salad . Use some of these verbs in your instructions.

2 Writing skill punctuation

a foind C'XilmpJes of these types Of
p unctun tion in the ins tructions
in Exercise 1.
. (full stop) , (comm a)
: (colon)

b MC! Lch tht' punctuLlti o n Lo these

uses and find an exn mple in
the ins tructions.
1 be twee n words in a list
cu111111a (111i/k, eggs, butter
1111d salt)
2 Li t the end of a senten ce
3 betwee n Lwu ur more
4 to introduce a list of
instru ctions
5 after n sequence word
(e.g. First)
6 betwcC'n two clauses in on<'


4 Exchange your ins tructions with nnolht'r pair. C heck the pLU1ctua tion .
Would you like to make the food?

in an

cream parlour

Un it 5 Food


Before you watch

After you watch

1 Look vt the photo Llnd read the cLJption. Do you

6 Match the people from the video ( 1-4) w ith what

like ice' c ream? Which Oavuur is your favourite?

2 Match these flavours (1-7) to the ice creams (A C.).

5 bananLl
6 lime
7 vanilb

1 chocolvte
2 orange

3 coffee
4 strawberry

they sLiy (a-d ).

1 Kaori lto (first wumLin )
2 Holl y (second woman)

3 Kevin Koh
4 the nLirrntor

I want to open an ltalian C.elnlo parlour in

Antananarivo, the ca pital of Madagasca r. The
shop is for Ll e_cdolic dass of people. lt isn't for
b They're read y to slop doing the old jobs and to
open anew chnple their li ves.
c A litre of ice creams costs two to three euros.
Rut custome rs rnn pay around 20 eurus per
litre. That's Ll tnsJy pJ'.ufit!
d There's actu<llly a lot a bout the ingredients, Ll
lot about unde rstanding the. buiR:ling.bLucks,
Llboul what goes in the gelato.

7 MLltch the highlighted expressions (n-d) in

ExN cise 6 with these definitions ( I -4).

3 Do you know how to mLJke ice cream? Tell the class.

While you watch

4 WLitch the video. Number the topi cs (a-c) in the
order you learn LJboul them (1- 3).
a w hNe students come from
b the cost and the profit of a gelato business
c w hy students come

5 Wa tch thC' video again. /\nswer these qu0stions.

Where is th0 university?
2 Where are thC' students from?
3 Wha l du they knrn?
4 Whal is the avcrnge age of a stud e nt?
5 WhNe is H olly from ?
6 H ow much


the course per week?

7 They k<l rn about making 'gelatu' but w ha t else

du they learn about?

ThLit's a ve ry good profit.

People with a lot of money.
Th0 basic infurmLJtion.
To stnrl something new.

8 Role play a conversation with a student at

Gelato University
Work in p airs.
Stude nt A: You arc Ll new student Li t Celatu
University. Answer il journalist's ques tions about
the course. Think nboul:
why you Lire on the course
w hat you leLJ rn on the course'
yo ur plans for the future (e.g. to open an ice
cream parlour in yo ur country)
Student R: You are a journalist fur a documentary
about th0 university. Prcpnre que~tion s for n new
student Llt the university. Ask about:
w hy he/she is on the co urse
w hLlt he/sh e lea rns o n the course
w hLJt nre his / her pbns in the future (0.g. lo
open Lin ice cream pLirlour)

9 Work in gro ups. Discuss these questions.

Why do stud ents often stud y nl uni versities in
other countries?
2 Do a lut of stud e nts in your country go abroad
lo university? Why? What do they study?

8 How m uch does the equipment cost for making

gelat o (n) /d30'l11:1:ml Italian word for ice cream
ice cream parlour (n) /,ats kri:m 'pu:l:i/ a shop which only sells
ice cream



6 Comple te the text a bo ut mint tea with these food


ver bs.

1 Ma tch the beginnings ( l-6) with the endings (C1- f).

We n eed
Are there a ny
Please buy two
C hop an
T'd like a
Do we need n




bnnana, please.
kil os.
some chicken.
onion .
lem on ?





Ch oose the correct option s lo com p lete the

con versa tion. In two item s, bo th words are co rrect.
A: Do you w;mt an a pple?
No, thanks. Td on 't ea t 1 many I m11c/1 fruit .
A: Wh y not? 2 A lot uf I M11cll fruit is good for you.
B: I know, b ut Tprefer o the r food . And 1 ei'lt
nuwy /a Int of p asta and pi zza. Du yo u en t
0 /o/ of I muclt ltalia n food ?
A: Yes, I do. It's delicio us. Are there 5n lot nf I 1111111y
Ita lian restau rants in your town ?
B: No, 6 nnt n Jut of I 11ot many.


3 Comple te the table w ith th ese word s.




How much ... 7


bottles of water

How many ... 7

This photo is from M orocrn. Moroccans

a lot of mi11t tt:a. On a hot <lay, it 2
<ldicious! You nt:e<l a tall glass wiLh a lot of miul
leaves. Also, you neecl to 3
some suy;ar m
the glass. Boil some waler and 4
_ it slowly
into the glass. Wail for five minulcs so the sugar
wilh the mint. Tht:u drink!



use countable and uncountable nouns

talk about different types of food

talk and ask about quantities of food

describe how t o make a drink or a recipe


Real life

4 Comple te the categories w ith these words.

7 Repln ce the words in bo ld with these p h ras~s.

satay tin



frui t
vege tables
mea t
d rinks
n di sh
a container

5 Work in pairs. Think of on e m o re word for each

ca tegory in Exercise 4.

Are you ready to

Would you like


I'd like

Can we have

Can I get you il ny thing to drin k?

I'll have a b o ttle of water.
Would you like to order?
We'd like the' bill, please.

order a meal in a restaurant

8 Work in pni rs. Describe yo ur fa vourite cil fr< o r
resta urnnt. What d u you no rma lly orde r?

Ir ..

Unit 6 Money

70 The face of money
How coins a nd notes tell us
our history


Discover the past

TI1e d iscovery of AngloSnxon t-rensure

74 A cashless world?
Do we really need cash ?


Bactrian treasure
D iscover the hi story of an
a ncient civilisntion

1 Louk at th~ photo and cap tion. How dues this man earn
money? Who giv~s him mun~y?

~ 1.41 Lis ten lo someone talking abo ut buskers (street

musicians) on Oxford Street, London. A nswer the questions.

Why is Oxford Street in London fomous?

2 Why is it a good pbce for buskers?
3 Wh y do buskers stand nea r the cu rrency exchLinge office?

3 4' 1.41 Listen again. Whi ch verb +money collorntions do

you hear?





4 Match the collocations in Exercise 3 w ith these pbces.

in a bank
at a currency exchange
at work
in the street

in the shops

You save money in a bank.

5 Tlow often do you give money to street musicim1s? How much

money do you give?

reading currency vocabulary age grammar was/were writing and speaking a past life

Ga The face of money

2 Check your answers on page 154. Du you know o ther


countries with these currencies?

1 Which countries use these currencies?

Match a country w ith the currency.


Saudi Arabia

dollar - USA, euro - Germany

3 Look at the pictures in the article below. Whose focc is on the

bank notes? Which people's faces are on the money in you r
country's bank notes and coins? Are they:
kin gs o r queens?
presidents or politicians?

scientist or ilrtists?
other people?

4 Read the article. Which co untries have her face on their





he faces of kings and queens are everywhere - on TV, in newspapers and even
on money. For example, Queen Elizabeth ll's face is on money all over the world.
There are coins and notes with her face in over thirty countries.

In 1936, Princess Elizabeth

was ten years old and her
parents were king and
queen. Her face was on this
Canadian twenty-dollar

In her mid-twenties, her

face was on notes in
Bermuda and Cyprus.

In 1953, she was the

queen and there were
nine countries with her
face on their notes.

Surprisingly, there weren't

any notes in the UK with
her face before this one
in 1960. Unfortunately, it
wasn't a very good picture
of her!

In 1977, after twenty-five

years as queen, there were
new pound notes with this
picture of the middle-aged
queen in eight different

In the past, pictures of

the queen were formal.
But in her late fifties, this
Canadian note wasn't

In 1992, the Queen's

face was on notes in Fiji,
Guernsey, Bermuda and
the Bahamas. She was
formal again, but was

In the past, there weren't

any happy faces of the
queen, but finally, in her
seventies, she was happy
on this Scottish five-pound

Unit 6 Money

5 ReC!d the Mticle C1gC1in. Complete the notes

8 Choos<' th<' correct form to complete the texts about

with yea rs.

othe r p<'opl<' nnd pl<:1 cC's on currencies.

norn: 1 1926
f;ice on C;in;idinn twenty-dolhr note:

f;ice on bnnk notes in the UK: 3

Twenty-five yems ns Quee n:~
filce on notes in Fiji, Guernsey, nC'l"mud;i
nnd the nnhnm;is: 5
fnce on Scottish five-pound note: 6

Vocabulary age
6 Read the article again. Do the tasks 1-3.
Underli..i1e any word~ about the age of the
(,.2ueen. for example: 11!11 years old.
2 We also talk about age i..i1 a general
way with the words early, 111id, late. for
example: early thirties, 111id twe11ties, late
fifties . Say these ages in a general way.






In 1789, George Washington

was I were the first president
of the United States of
America. However, his face
wasn't I w eren 't on the US
dollar. In 1869, he
3 was I were on the bank note
and he's still there today.

Frida Kah lo and Diego Rivera 4 was I were famous artists

in the twentieth century and you can see their faces on
both sides of a Mexican 500 pesos note. For the first
time, there 5 was I were two people on one bank note.


3 Discuss these questions in pairs.

Wha t age is young, middle-aged or old?

Wha t is a good age to be a student? Get
married? Start your own company? tle the
president of a country?

On 1 January 2002, the euro 6 was I were the new

currency for fifteen countries. There 7 wasn't I weren't
famous people on the coins and notes. Instead, there
8 was I were historical buildings and a map of Europe.

Grammar was/were
7 Look Cll the forms of lie in these sentences (n- b)
fro m the Mlicle. Answer the questions ("1- 2).
a Queen Eli:.::abeth H's face is on money all
over the world. There aLe coi..i1s and notes
with her face in over thirty cutmtries.
b In 1936, Princess ElizC1be th WCJS ten yenrs
o ld C1 nd he r pC!rents wer king ;ind queen.
1 Which sentences are about the present?

Which sentence is about the past?

Find more examples of the verb to be in the
article. What is the negative form?
I/he/she/it was ten years old.
You/we/they were young.
I/he/she/it w asn't middle aged.
You/we/they weren't old.
There was a coin.
There were notes.
Was I/he/she/it on the note?
Yes, he was. I No, he wasn't.
Were you/we/they young?
Yes, they were . I No. they weren't.
For further information and practice, see pages 162
and 163.

9 Work in pairs. Ask and answer questions to complete

texts about o ther people on currencies.
Student A: Turn lo page 153.
Student B: Turn lo page 155.

Writing and speaking

10 Write five sentences abu ut someone's life
(e.g. someone in your family or a famous person).
F.xn mpks:
He wns /lorn i11 ll11ly, /111/ ltc cuns Brilisli.
Wl1m c;/ic was cigl1tcc11, s/ic 711ns n ->tud1'11t.
111 tiu'ir mid twr11til''>, tluy wrrrn 't ric/i.

11 Work in p;:iirs. T;:ike turns to re;:id your sentences. Ask

questions about your partner 's person.
Where was he born 7

Was she British?

How many people were in her family?

listening at the museum vocabulary -edl-ing adjectives reading t he Anglo Sa xon d iscovery
grammar past simple (affirmative): regular and irregular verbs pronunciation -ed endings speaking importa nt years

6b Discover the past


1 Read the tex t about this building and discuss

the questions.

1 Whal is the buildin g? Where is it? Why du


visitors go th crC'?
Uo you hil vC' musC'ums in your tow n or city?
Do you visi t thC'm? Why? I Why nut?
Birmingham Museum and Art
Gallery is a famous museum
in central England with lots of
different exhibitions. Visitors
can learn about local history
and see archaeological objects
over a thousand years old. At
the moment, there is a special
exhibition of objects from the
, , Anglo-Saxons (n pl) /'relJgl;iu 'sreksn1J people
living in England a t housand years ago
exhibition (n) /,cb1'b1Jn/ when a museum o r
gal lery shows objects or paintings to visit ors

Compk t<' the senten ces with the correct form of the
adject-iv <'s.

interested I interesting
Old Roman coins are very
I'm not very
in his tory.

I boring

3 TV programmes ilbout hi s tory nrc very


The child ren are

. Let's go home.

exci ted I exc iting

ext year I hilvc ;i ho lidny in Egypt. I'm very

l d on' t like an cie nt history but modern his tory is

6 Uiscuss the questions ns ;i cli:iss.

Do you think history is boring I interesting I
2 Ar<' you interested in a special period of hi s tory
(<'.g. the Romans, the Egyp tians, the Aztecs)?

7 Read the newspa per a rticle nhout thC' t\nglo-Saxun
objects al 8irmingham Museum. Answer the ques tion:,.

1.42 Listen lo iln intervi<'w w ith two visitors

tu the museum. Answer tlw questions.
Why do0s he ask visitors a bout their
expNi<'ncc nt the museum?
2 Docs the woman v isit all of tlte mu:,e um or
o ne exhibi tion?
1 1Tow does s he know about the exhibition?
4 Why is the man at the museum wi th his
5 Does he o ften v isit muselllns?

Vocabulary -edl-ing adjectives


"* 1.42 Listen ngnin nnd choose the adjective

yo u heilr in tlwse S<'ntc nccs.
I'm interested I i11teresti11g in the exh ibition of
t\ ng lo-Saxon objects.
2 lt's very excited I exciting beca use l read a lo l
of his tory books.
3 ls it i11tere:..ted I i11tcresti11g?
4 I think history's l1orcd I boring.
5 My children are ncited I rxriti11g.

4 Louk at the adjec tives <'nding in ed nnd -i11g in

Exercise 3. A nsw<'r tlw ques tions.

W hich ad jectives describe h uw the person

feel s?
Which adjectives describe the thing or the
s ituation?

1 When WC'rc tlw /\n glo-Snxons in England?

2 Wh il t WC'rc th <'y fomo us for?
3 W11erc were th<' m e ta l objects?

How mnny obj<'cts were there?

5 WC'l"C' iwopk inte rested in them?


W l1nt wns the fina l va lue of the objects?

The Anglo-Saxon people Uved in England

one thousand years ago. They wodled In
the fields and they were also famous for
their metal work and jewellery. They made
beautiful objects from gold and sliver.
In 2009, Birmingham Museum and Art
Gallery received a phone call about some
gold and sllver objects In a field near
Birmingham. The next day, archaeologists
81udled the objects. They were from
the Anglo-Saxon period. In the end, the
archaeologists took 1,500 objects fmm
under the grow1d.
Birmingham museum lbowed the objects
In 2009 and thousands of visitors came. In
fact, the museum moved the exhibition to
a bigger bulldlng because so many people
wanted to see them. The final value of the
objects was S3,285 mllllon, but for many
archaeologists, they are priceless.

Unit 6 Money

Grammar past simple

{affirmative): regular
and irregular verbs

10 Complete this t~x t about another exp lorer nnd Tutnnkhnm en's
lreas ure with


past simple form of the verbs.

Read th~ fir~t paragraph of the

newspa p~r article again. Answer the
ques tion~.

Ts the pi1ri1g rnph a bo ut the past or

the present?
2 U nd erline the past form of these
verbs: live, work, 11111kc.
~ l .ook i'lt th e grn mmar box. Which
two verbs i1hove i'll'e reg ula r?
Whi ch is irreguli1r?

Howard Carter was horn in 1874. His family 1

in London , but in 18!:11 Carte r
(_go) to Egypt
and :i _ _..._ ..... (work) there as an arch aeologist. On
4th Novemhcr 1922, Carter 4
(discover) a tomb. It was the tomb
of Tutankhamen. Tutankhamen
(become) a King when he
was nine years old and he H
(die) when he was nin eteen. The
Egyptians 7
(make) his fa<:e
mask from ten kilograms of gokl
and the tomb 8
50,000 gold and s ilver
ohjccts inside.


We talk about t he finished actions and
events in the past with verbs in the past
simple tense.
Regular verbs
We add -ed or -d t o verbs: play - played,
die - died.
Irregular verbs
Many common verbs have irregular forms
in t he past simple: become - became,
get - got, go - went, meet - met.

tomb (n) / tu:m/ place

w ith a dead body inside

For further information and practice, see

page 163.

11 Pronunciation -ed endings

9 U nd erl ine th C' o thC'r p nst s imple verbs

in the nC'wspnpcr nrticlc. Which i1re
regubr nnd wh ich nrc irreg11lm?

~ 1.43 Some times -ed adds an ~xtra t>y llable to verbs in the

pas t simple . Lis ten to these regula r verbt> and write the number
of syllables.

6 s til rt
7 p lay
8 visit
9 trnvcl

1 li ved
d ecide 2 decided 3

b 4' 1.43

s ta rted
p li1yed
visi ted

Listen again and repeat.

12 Think of fi ve importnnt ycnrs in yo ur li fe and the reason w h y
they are important (e.g . Tn 20()'!, Tlivf'd ahmad.) Nex t, write
down the fi ve years but do not w ritC' down the rei1son.

13 Work in p airs. Sh ow the yenrs to you r pnrtner nnd he/she

gu esses wh y the yea rs arc importnnt to you.

You went to university in 7995.

You started your first job.

no price because it is so
value (n) /' va:lj 11 :/ the cost
or price of something

Yes, correct.

reading types of money critical thinking relevance speaking survey about money

6c A cashless world?


Critical thinking relevance

Discuss these questions ns n clnss.

1 Do you usually p<:1y for thin gs:
a with c<:1sh (coins <:1nd notes)?
b by credit c<:1rd ?
c by b<:1nk tr<:1nsfN?
d with LI cheque?
2 Where do you us u<:1ll y keep
yo ur money?
<:1 in <:1 purse or w<:1llct
b in LI h<:1ndbn g
c in i1 bnnk nccmmt
d und er your bed!
e in your pocket

2 Read the article and put these

different methods of payment on
the timeline.
cheque book
credit card
metal coins
mobile phone
paper money


These are the last sentences for each paragraph in the article.
Match the sentences with the parag r<:1ph s.
a They also put the head of their Emperor on them.
b The total transaction time took s ixteen seconds. I
c And personally, l s till prefer real cash in m y pocket to
numbers in a bank account.
d ll was also easy tu carry.
e O ver 180 million people in the US have mo re than one
credit card.
f 8ut is that really possible?

4 Work in pairs. Ask and answer the ques tions in the survey. Write
your partner's answers.


1 How much do you spend a week on .. .?

clothes _,_%

1000 BCE


gas and electricity

travel . . - _%


2 How often do you pay for things with ... ?


13th century


credit cards


in shops -- %

... WORDBUILDING compound

We make compound nouns with two
nouns. For example: cheque +book =
cheque book, credit+ card= credif card.
For furthe r information and practice,
see Workbook page 51 .

bank transfer



4 How much of your income do you save per month?

5 Join another p<:1ir. Present and compare yo ur answers. Are your

answers similnr or different? Why?


3 How much of your shopping is ... ?

19th century

A bank of stone money on the.

~sland of Yap

t's midnight in Paris ancl Tncccl money quid<ly.

The hanks are dosed, buL uul:side U1ere's a cash
machine. I ul u1 my bank card, enter my PI
(personal identification number) ancl ask for nOO
euros. The cash machine sencls a message to my bank
in Washington D.C. My hank replies Lu Lhe message
and says I have Lhe money in my bank accotmt. After a
few short moments, l receive my cash.
Nowadays, we move money arotmd the world at high
seed. I can get money from a bank anywhere in the
world or l can pay my hot.cl hill with a credit card. In
fact, some people think we don'L need money al all.
Hefore money, people bought and sold goods wilh
animals. Dut you can't carry animah; around your neC'k
or in a bag su peule needed something small. About
Lluee Lhuusand years ago, the Chinese usccl sca.<>hclls
and later they used metal coins. The Romans also
bought and sold object.<> with rndal coins.

In the thilteenth century, the explor<'r MarC'o Polo

travelled to China. He saw paper money fur U1e first
time. /\ century later, cuw1Lries u1 Europe used paper
money Luu. One re~on was that it was good for paying
large amounts.
Like aer money, cheques were also practical and
the Hank of England made the first cheque book u1 U1e
nineteenth century. Then, in tlle early nu1eleen fillies,
th<' lJS/\ introduced t:rediL <.:ards ur 'plaslic money'.
This form uf payment is still popular today.
For the firsl Lime sil1t:e hwna.ns used animals for
paymenl, we can now buy and sell with no <'oins,
notes or cheques. You can even pay for goods by
mobil<' phonc. Jn Aft;<'a, arow1d six million euple
already use mobile phones u1stead of cash. So do we
live u1 t:~hlesl:i world? Not quite. Every day, we need
some cash for a coffee, a ticket or a newspaper.

Unit 6 Money

Before you watch

While you watch

1 Work in pnirs. Look at the' photo and read the

3 Watch the video. Mat<.:h these descriptions to the

cnption. ThC'n complete' tlw tC'xt about Bactria w ith

th e pi1st s imple form of these verbs.

buy and sell



OvN two thou sand yea rs ago, Bactria 1

rC'gion between the Mediterranean Sea and China
and Tnd ia. Many traders "
across the region
a nd they 1
good s fro m different countries.
/\s a rC'sult, the people of Bactria 1
nnd powcrful and they "
bea utiful objects
w ith gold, sil ver a nd stone. Tn 1978, a group of
archaC'ologists ~
more than 20,000 Bactrian
objC'cts. They 7
it the 'Bactri an Treasure'.

Work in g rou ps. Look at these photos of Bactrian

trC'as ure. What do you think the objects are? Use
thC'sc phrases to talk about the objects.

photos on pages 78 and 79. The narrator d oesn' t

describe one of the photos.


a goal
a bell
faces of people from Bactria
a ca t
gold bracelets with lion h eads on them
a bea utiful gold crown
He doesn't say.

4 Watch the video aga in. Choose the correct option

(a-<.:) tu complete these sentences.
1 Over Lwo Lhousci nd yecirs cigo, the n orthern

I think it's I they're ...

I don't know. Maybe it's I they're ...

I can see ...

pcirt of
WCIS cci ll ed nactrin .
ci Tnd ici
b C hinn
c Afghnnistnn
Tt beci1 nw n rich rC'gion nnd fomous for its
, thC'ir pnlaccs and gold.
i1 Kings and QuC'C'ns
b people
c Presi d ents
The Mchneologists m ovC'd the' trC'nsurC' to the'
ncitio ncil
in Knbu l.
ci pci lcice b museum
c ens tic
Then, in 2004, Mchneologists discovered s ix
u nderground
in Kilbul.
ci vciu lts
b museums c pillilccs
The s ti1h1e of the rnt te lls us thnt
importn nt in nactrian culture.
n Kings i1 nd QuC'C'ns
b peop le
c animals
Now the Bactrian treasure is travelling tu
museums all around
a America
b Asia
c the world

After you watch

5 Discussion important objects in history
Work in g roups.
You want to make a sh ort video called The wurltl
in the early twenty-first century. ln your video, you
can show seven photos of important ubje<.:ts from
this period of history. Choose seven objects fur
your video. Dbcuss why they are important for
the video. What do they tell people about the early
twenty-first century?

6 Present you r seven objects lo the class. Explain Lo

the class w hy you ch ose them.


~ -:; UN IT 6 REVIEW



1 Complete the tl:'xt with thl:' past simple form of the

3 Mnke five sentences with the words in thl:' table.


In 1801, Thomas Jefferson

(become) the President of the United
States. At this time, there 2 -- (not
he) a route from the east coast to
the west coast of North America, but
Jefferson 3 ___
(want) one. In 1804,
(send) a group of 30 men
across the United States. Meriwether
Lewis and William Clark 5
the two leaders of the group and there
was a woman with them. Sacagawea
(he) a North American Indian
and she 7
(work) for Lewis and
Clark as a guide and a translator. In
1806, they 8
(discover) a route to
the Pacific coast. Nowadays, Sacagawca
is famous in the United States. Her face
(he) on the l TS gold
dollar coin in 2000.




to charity.
at a currency exchange.
in a purse or wallet
in shops.
at work .

4 Complete the sentences.

1 Can 1 pay by crl:'dit c
or cheq ue?
2 Tum off your mobill:' p
in the lesson.
3 You can find sl:'a s
on a beach.
4 l always pay my bills by bank t
H ow much monl:'y is in your bank a

S Compll:'tl:' thl:' adjl:'ctives with -ed or -ing.


We're inleresl
in history.
The story is very excit
This film is a bil bor
T'm lir
and l need lo go to bed.

6 Work in pairs. Say the name of a famous per~on

and g uess how old he or she is (e.g. Uo you think
the person is in his mid-forties or late forties?).

talk about money

use -edl ing adjectives
ta lk about age

Real life
1 Put thl:' words in ordl:'r to make rl:'quests.
route (n) /ru:t/ a way
or direction between
two places

me I a I could I you I give I dollar?

2 ask

I something? I you I can I l

3 you I lend I your I phone? I me I could

2 Complete the questions about thl:' tl:'xt in Exl:'rcise l.

4 borrow

I car? I can I l I your

from the easl coast lo the wl:'st

con st?

No, the re wnsn't.

the lende rs of the gro up?
Yes, they were.
Yl:'s, there was. Her name w ns SncngnwC'n .
a North American Indian?
Yl:'s, shl:' was.
on a US dollar notl:'?
No, it was on a gold coin.

talk about past actions and events with the past

simple tense
ask about the past

8 Work in pairs. Taki:' turns to say thl:' rl:'<.jlll:'sts in

Exercise 7. Your partnl:'r rl:'sponds to th!:! rl:'<.IUl:'sts.

request things and respond to requests

9 Work in p nirs. Tnlk nbout a time in the past w hen
wl:'re l:'Xcitl:'d about something
visitl:'d an intl:'rl:'sting placl:'
askl:'d soml:'onl:' for ht'lp

Unit 7 Journeys


Flight of the Silver

The story of the repeat of a
journey from the past

84 Animal migrations
How some animals travel
long distances every year

86 The longest journey

in space
The spacecraft Voyager l
and 2 at the edge of our
solar system

90 W omen in space
The story of the first female
astronau ts

1 T.ook at the photo ;ind the c;:iption. Wh;:it tr;:insport c;:in you
see? Ts this the first M;:iyflower ship or the second?

~ 2.1

T.is ten to ;:i description of the first M;:iyflower. TTow

m;:in y people tr;:ivelled ;:icross the /\tbntic Oce;:in in 1620? TTow
m;:in y times did the M;:iyflower s;:iil across the Atlantic Ocean?

3 Choose the correct tr;:ivel verbs to complete the text about the
M;:iyflower TT in the photo.
The Mayflower II is a copy of the seventeenth century ship,
the Mayflower. The ship 1 sailed I firw from F.ngl;:ind to
the USA in 1957, Tt 2 arrivrd in I lrft Engl;:ind on 20th J\pril
with thirty-four crew. The journey w;:is similar to the first
M;:iyflower. The we;:ither w;:is good, but later, there were
bad storms at se;:i. Tt 3 arrived in I left the USA on 12th June
and hund reds of people 4 travelled I drove by sea and air to
meet the ship. Nowadays, you can see the Mayflower II in
Plymouth Harbour, Massachusetts in the USA.

4 Work in pairs. Ask a nd answer the questions. Use these ve rbs.

sai l
take (public transport)
travel by (car/train/ship, etc.)

1 How do you normally travel to work (or school)?

2 What's your favourite way to travel? Why?
3 What's your favourite journey? Why?

reading a journey from the p ast grammar p ast simple: negat ives listening journeys in history
grammar past simple: questions and short answ ers speaking a journey in t he past

7a Flight of the Silver Queen

4 Discuss these questions as a class.


Why du yuu think these pilots went un these

2 Was it fo r money or was it for something e lse?
3 Would you like to go on a s imilar journey?

1 Look i'lt thC' photo nnd mnp of n journey. Where

wns the fli g ht from nnd to?

The a rticle a bout the journey is in the wrong order.

umber the paragraphs 1lo4.

3 Read the a rticle ngnin. Are these sen tences true (T)
or fo lse (F)?




The journey was in 1920.

All the aeroplanes land ed in Cap<' Town.
Tlw first part of the journ<'y wns from F.nglnnd
to Ttnl y.
Vnn Ryn<'vC'ld nnd 11rnnd s topped between Tla ly
nnd Cn iro.
Th<'y didn ' t hn v<' nny problems w ith the
pln110's en g ine.
They left Bulawayo in thC' Si/rl('r Qui'l'll.
Th e jou rney took 44 days.
They received I 0,000 from th<' n<'wspnpC'r.

Grammar past simple:


Look at these' two sC'ntC'n<<'S from th<' nrtick.

AnswN th<' questions.
Pour aeroplanes didn't finish the journey.
The newspape r didn't give the m 10,000.

1 What is the au xiliary verb in past simple


nega ti ve sentences?
Dues the nega ti ve auxiliary verb change fur
l/yo11/we/fltey and lte/slte/if?
What form uf the verb is after the negative
a uxiliary?



It was a long and dangerous journey. Van

Ryneveld and Quintin Brand fl ew in a plane
ca lled the Silver Queen. They travelled from
England to Italy. Then, a few days later, they
took off again for Egypt . They didn't stop over
the Mediterranean Sea and landed the next
day in Cairo.

In 1920, a British newspaper offered 10,000 to f ly from England

to South Africa. Five aeroplanes entered the compet ition, but four
aeroplanes didn't finish the journey. The pi lots Pierre Van Ryneveld
and Quintin Brand f inally landed in Cape Town and won the race .

Eventually, 44 days later, t hey landed in Cape
Town and won. However, the newspaper
didn 't give them 10,000, but only 5,000 .
This was because they didn't use the same
plane for the whole journey. But it was st ill an
incredible journey.

Through Africa, they had a lot of mechanical problems with the
plane and its eng ine. The worst problem was in Bulawayo. The
Silver Queen couldn't take off so in the end they changed their
plane for a different one.

t ake off (v) /'tc1k,11rt to leave the ground (for aeroplanes)

land (v) /la:nd/ to return to the ground (for aeroplanes)




I/you/he/she/it/we/they didn't fly.

(not: They didn't flew.)

For further information and practice, see pages 163 and 164.

with the wurds in this tabk Use the affirmative or

negati ve furm uf the past simple.

In the 1920s,

t rave l

T11 t/1( / 92()s, prnplr didn 't travrl into space.
T11 till' / 92()s, p1,nple travrlled by train.

7 WritC' down thrC'C' things you didn 't do tC'n ymrs ago,
but you do now. T0l1 your partnC'r.

~ 2.2 Listen tu part uf a radiu programme

called ju11rneys i11 liistury. Number these topics
in the urder they discuss them (1-3).

a the reasons w hy they travelled

b where the Silver Q11ee11 lrnvelled
c who the pilots were

6 Wurk in pairs. Make true sentences abo ut the 1920s

into space
by train
by credit card
with cash
computer games
satellit e navigation

7 Jo u rneys

~ 2.2 Listen again and ch oose the correct

options lo comple te the sentences.

Pierre Vnn Rynevcld nnd Quintin J3rnnd
ltnd I didll't lwvr mnps for F.urope, F.gypt
nnd South /\ fri cn.
2 They ltnd I didn't /1ave mn ps for other pnrts
of Africn.
3 Vnn Ryneve ld nnd J3rnnd wrllt I didn't gn for
the mo ney.
4 They wnntrd I didtl't want to lw thC' first.

Grammar past simple:

questions and short answers
10 Luuk at the twu Lluestions from the radio
prugranune. What is the a uxiliary verb in past
simple Ljuestiuns?
Did Pierre Vn n Ryneveld and Quintin J3rnnd
have maps?
Why did th ey go on this journey?




Yes/No questions and short answers

Did they go to London?
Yes, they did. I No, they didn't .
Wh- questions
When did they do? Why did they go?


For further information and practice, see pages 163

and 164.


11 Work in pairs. In 1999, three modern pilots

U.:\ lllALAHOlA'.\

went on a similetr journey to Vnn Rynrveld

and Brand .

Student A: Turn to page 155.

Student B: Turn to page 156.

12 TI1ink nbout ;i journey you mndC' in th<' past.
Answer thC'SC' qurstions.

Where did yuu gu?

Why did yuu gu?
Huw did yo u travel there?
Did you have any proble ms?
How long did the journey lake?

13 Wurk in pairs. Tell yu ur partner abuut yuur


vocabulary journey adjectives listening animal migrations grammar comparative adjectives

word focus than pronunciation stressed and weak syllables /;}/ speaking your opinion

-- 7b Animal migrations
Vocabulary journey adjectives


1 Read the text. What kind of journeys does it

4 "'- 2.3 Look at the three anima ls on pag<' 85 and


listen ton biologist describing their m igra tion.

Match the animals (1-3) w ith the distanc0s (a- c).

Every year, animals around the world go on

long and difficult journeys. Sea animals swim
across oceans and birds fly north and south
with t he seasons. And there are the land
animals such as the Wildebeest (below). They


go o n a slow and dangerous journey every

loggcrhcnd turtle
tree frog
30 metres
35 kilometres pt>r day
14,000 kilomt>tres in fifteen yea rs

male (n/a dj) /me11/ [male symbo l]

female (n/adj) /'fi:me:I/ [female symbol]
calf (n) /ka:f/ a ba by saiga
lay eggs /It:: jc.:gd when a fema le anima l
prod uces eggs

year from t he Serengeti into Kenya fo r food

and water.

5 '!'1' 2.3 Listen again . Answer the questions.

Whert' dot's the saiga Jive?
2 What dot's tht' female saiga ha ve in tl1C' spring?
3 Where dot's tht' loggt>rhead turtle leave as
a baby?
4 Where dot's tht' ft>rnale lay he r eggs?
5 Where dot's tht' tree frog lay its eggs?

Grammar comparative
6 Wt> ust' comparative adjectives to compnre tvvo
U1ings. Look at the comparative adjC'ctivC's in
these sentt>nct's from the listening. J\nswer th0
Mnn y turtles swim longt>r distances than o ther sea
The jo urney is more difficult for a fem ale saiga.
1 What two letters do you add to short
2 What word comes bt'fore lon g adjectives?

2 These ndjectives d escribe travd and journeys. Find

the opposi te ndjectives in tht> tt'xt.




3 Work in pairs. OC'scribe these jo urneys tu and from

your home w ith adjective's from Exercises 1 and 2.
1 My journt>y tu work is . ..

2 The journey home at night is ...

3 The bus to the city centre is very ...

One-syllable adjectives: It's a warm country. It's warmer

than oth er countries.
Adjectives ending in one vowel + one consonant:
It's a big animal. .... It's bigger than a saiga .
Two-syllable adject ives ending -y: It's an easy journey.
It's an easier journey.
Two (or more) syl lable adjectives: It's a difficult job. -+
It's more difficult than other jobs.
There are some irregular adjectives: good -+ better, bad
_. worse
For f urther information and practice. see page 164.

Unit 7 Journeys

7 Complete the table with comparative


9 Pronunciation stressed and weak syllables /JI

4' 2.4
Comparative adjective

Listen to the stressed and weak syllables in these

sentences. Then listen again and repeat.











/o/ lo/
/\fricn is hotter than Europe.
/';J/ fa/

2 Australia isn't colder than AntnrcticLJ.

_.. _.



10 Look at these possible answers from Exercise 8. Which
sentence is a fact and which is opinion? Which other
sentences are opinions? Say them again with these
Jl.11/11rclicn is colder tha11 A11stralia.
l\ock-c/imbi11g is more da11grrnus than surfing.
I think ...

Word focus than

8 W11cn wr rnmpLJre two things, we often
use than Llfter the comparative adjective
(e.g. Africa is hotter than E11rupe.). Make
similar sentences about these pairs with a
comparative adjective+ t/11111.
Australia I Antarctica
a car I a bicycle
rock-climbing I surfing
travel by <li r I by seLJ
an ekphnnt I Ll lion
Ll holidny in the city I camping in the
7 Paris I New York
8 train journeys I plLlne journeys


In my opinion ...

11 Write sentences with your op.in.ion. Compare two:

places or ci tics
sports or free-time LJctivities
types of hnvel
types of holidLJy
places in the city
types of trnnsport
fomous people

12 Work in pairs. Take turns to read out your opinions.

Do you agree with your partner?
I think London is more expensive than Dubai.
I agree! I I don't agree!

reading space trave l critical thinking fact or opin ion grammar superlat ive adjectives
writing and speaking gene ral knowledge quiz

7c The longest journey in space


Grammar superlative adjectives

1 Do yo u thi nk it's important to trnvC' I in spnce?

Why? I Why not?

7 Look a l these lwo sentences. Which St!ntt!nCt! compa re~


;it the photos nnd rend the cap lion on

pi1ge 87. What is the name of the spacecraft?
What did it ti1ke photos of?

3 Rcild th e Mticl e. Answer the ques tions.

I low m<my Voyager spi1cecrnfts did NASA
send into the solar system?
2 Which pli1ncts did Voya ger 1 visi t?
3 Which plnncts did Voyager 2 visit?
4 Where MC' the Voyager spacecrafts now?

4 Rend the Mhcle aga iJ1. Replace the LmderliHed

word s in the sentences (1-7) with these words.
Flo rida Ju piter's Neptune
outside the sola r syst em Satu rn
Voyager 2



Tt had a mC'chanical problem wit-11 the

ca mNLl.
This p la1wt is fomous for its rings.
SciN1tists Im med a lot about its wei1lher.
VoyagN 2 wen t to th is pli1nct Inst.
This bnet is very cold an d has lots of ice.
Voyager I and 2 are' on a journey there now.

Critical thinking fact or

5 Look il l the firs t lwo sentences in paragraph 1
o f the ilrlicle. Which sentence is a fact? Which
sentence includes the writer's opinion?

6 Frnd more sentences in paragraph~ 2, 3 and 4

wit h the writer's opinion.

a Satu rn is smaller than Jupiler.

b Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar sys tem .
It's the largest planet.
It's the most dangerous place.
For further information and practice, see pages 164 and 165.

8 U nderline the s uperlative form of these adjectives i11

the nrticlc. Which of the adjectives are irregular? Whill
word comes be fore the superlative adjective?

/\S/\ SC'nt Voyngcr I i1nd 2 from here.


lwo things? Which St!ntt!nCt! cump art!s murt! than twu

things in a gruup?


co ld


a mazing

9 Complete the quiz about tht! planets i11 uur ~ular ~yslem
with the superlative form of the adjt!ctiv t!~. 'l'ht!n
aHswer the questions. Cht!ck your ill1SWt!fS un pagt! 155.


Which planet is

(near) to the Sun?

Which planet is

(easy) to see in the sky?

Which planet is ,_ ...........--.....-......._ (far) from the Earth?

Which planet is the .. .-.....
Which planet is the .. _

-. - (good) for human life?


Writing and speaking

10 Work in groups. Folluw tht! mstructiuns.
Write' ;mother gene rnl knowledge qui z on different
subjects. Write five quiz questions with s uperla ti ves.
2 Compete wilh il nolher group. Ask and answer
your questions. Wl1ich learn gol lhe rnosl co rrect

On 20th August and 5th September in 1977, two
spacecrafts took offfrom Florida, USA. Voyager 1 and
Voyager 2 stnrled a long nnd difficult journey to the end
uf the solar system. They flew past new places in our solar
system and sent photos of planets and moons to NASA
(National ilerona11lics and Space ildministration).

Voyager 1'i; journey

Voyager 1 arrived a LJu pi Ler, the lnrgest phmet in the

solar system. AL a distance of ::349,000 kilometres from

Earth, scienlists rercivC"d thC' best photographs of the
planet from Voyager 1 and they discovered a lot about
Lhe planet's weather from them. They studied the
clouds, lightning and strong winds of three hundred
kilometres per hour. Jupiter also has a moon with
volcanoes. Voyager l's next stop was Saturn. Saturn is
smaller than Jupiter and it's most famous for its rings.
Prom Voyager l's photographs, scientists discovered the
rings are mostly water and ice.
Voyager 2's journey

Voyager 2 also visited Jupiter and Saturn after Voyager

l , but then it continued to Uranus. Uranus i5 the
coldest planet in the solar system. There is a lot of ice
on the surface. During its journey rom1d Uranus, there
were mechanical problems with Voyager 2's camera.
Eventually, scientists fixed it and Voyager 2 traveUed
to Neptune. Neptune is the furthest planet from the
sun (4.5 billion kilometres) and it was the last planel on
Voyager 2's journey.
The journey continues
The two Voyagers finished their official journeys in 1989,
but they continued travelling. Now they are at the end of
our solar system and scientists think the two spacecrafts
can travel until 2025. So Voyager 1 and 2 are on their
most amazing journey: into space outside our solar



-:: I

voca bulary journey, travel or trip? real life asking about a trip pronunciation intonation in questions

--7d How was your trip?

- - i'

Vocabulary journey, travel or trip?

1 Look at the sentences (1-3). Then match the notms jo11mry,
travel and trip to the definitions (a-c).

1 My journey tluoug h the Gobi desert was a1rn17,i ng! It

look three months.
2 Travel is good for you because you learn about different
3 T had a short bus iness trip lo T>crlin for two days.
a the activity of going from one plaet~ to anoth er place
b when you travel a lung di s tance frum one pince to
c when you tra vel surnewher<' for shurt time and return to
the ~am e place

How ufl en do you gu un a trip? Why d u yo u go (e.g. for


3 Look a l the pictures frum a work trip. Which of these words

can you use to d escribe each part of the trip?
comfortabl e
very interesting

really useful

t iring


.... WORDBUILDING really/very +

You can make some adjectives stronger with
really and very. For example:
The journey was tiring. The journey was
very tiring I really tiring.
For further information and practice, see
Workbook page 59.

Real life asking about a trip

4 "'- 2.5

Doctor Egan is a biologist. Listen

to two conversa tions he has about his
trip. For each <onversation, nnswer these

1 ls Do<tor Egan stil l on the trip or is he

back in his own country?
2 What parts of the trip does the o ther
person ask about?
3 What is Doctor Egan 's answer? Whnt
adjectives does he use?

5 "'- 2.5 Listen again and comple te the

Llueslions from the conversa ti ons.
your flight?
try the local food?
What 4
th e weather
Why? What s

6 Pronunciation intonation in
"'- 2.6 Lis te n to the questions in Exercbe -!.
Noti<.:e the intonation. Then list<'n again
and repea l with the same inlonn tio n.

7 Work in p airs. Student A went on the trip

in the pictures in Exercise 3. Act ou t this
conversa tio n.

Student!\: !\nswer Stu dent B's questions

a bout the trip.
Student 8: Ask Student A Llues lions about
his / her trip.

8 Change roles and have another

conversation about a trip. Use the
pict1..1res on page 155.

vocabulary online writing writing a travel blog writing skills so, because

Unit 7 Journeys

7e The digital nomad

Vocabulary online writing

5 Writing skill so, because

1 Discuss these questions ns a class.

a Look al so and

1 Do yo u rmd blogs? Which are you r

fovourite biogs?
2 Do y uu write n blug? Wha l is it about ?

Read abuut J\ndrew Evans. Why is his blug

ca ll ed 'Digital omad'? Wl1al dues he write

Digital o" Nomad

fltAY U . OlllPAlf'HES '"OM A N UH LW rvANS

Andrew Evans is a
blogger for National
Geographic's website .
He's called 'The
Digital Nomad'
because he trave ls all
the time and he's always online. Every
day he biogs about hi s journeys. He
writes posts from differenl countries
and uploads videos of amazing places.
Readers can also leave Andrew a
comment on his articles.
Hi s homepage is

http:/ dig lalnomod.nationalgcographic.wm/

3 Match the' hig hlighted words in F.xercise 2

with the ddinitiuns.
1 ;i group of p;iges with information on a
2 w rilel> an on line diary
3 connected to ;ind using the Interne t
4 the' first page of n website
5 person who w rites fur a blog or biogs
6 adds sound, video or pictures lo a
website or blog
7 a reply or upinion from a reader
8 artick s on a blog

Writing a travel blog

4 l{ead a p ost about a bul:> journC'y on a travel
blog. J\nswer the qu estions.
1 Where is he?

2 How many days is the jo urney?

:> What can h e see?

4 What happC'ned tu the bus?
5 W11y did he feel sorry for lhe bus driver?
6 W11y did he walk to the border?

/Jcc1111se in the third parngraph o f the blog

in Exercise 4. Which word is about a) the reason for
something? b) the result o f or response for som e thing?

b Complete the sentences with so or because.

1 We slopped at ;:i resta urant
I w;:is hungry.
2 Th e hain was late
we waited for il.
3 We pu l on sun cream
the weather was very
4 lt st;:irted raining
we bo ught an umbrella.
5 l wan ted a comfortable bed
l booked an
expensive hotel.
there were n o trains or buses.
6 We hired a car

6 Write ;:i short travel blog about a journey or place you

v isited. Think about these questions. Use so and because.

Where were you?

When was it?

W110 was there?

Whnl happenC'd ?

1 Work in pairs. Exchange b iogs. Use these questi ons lo

check your p<1rlner 's blog.

Did he/sh e answer the questions in F.xercise 6?

D id he/ she use so and because?

Today was the final day of my bus journey from Lhasa

to Kodari at the border with Nepal. It's the highest road
in the world . It's also a very long journey. You travel for
three days through the Himalayas and you can see the
north side of Everest.
This afternoon, we were only ten kilometres from Kodari
and suddenly the bus stopped. The driver got out and
looked at the engine. For the next three hours, he tried to
fix it, but it didn't start.
Finally, a lot of the passengers got out and started to walk
to the border. I felt sorry for the bus driver because he
looked a bit sad. However, I also wanted a good hotel and
a hot meal so I also left the bus and walked to Kodari.

7f Women

Unit 7 Journeys

Before you watch

1 Look at the photo of Sally Ride and read the
caption. Discuss the questions.
1 Whal is her job?
2 Would you like lo do this job? Why? I Why not?

2 Work in pairs. Read the sentences and choose the

option you think is correct.
Sally Ride was the first woman in spacr I
American woman in space.
2 She spent six days I months in s pace.
3 She travelled I never travelled into space again.
4 After Sally's journey, other women I no other
women went into space.

5 What was Mae Jamison's job before she became

an astronaut?
a She was a doctor of Physics.
b She was a physician.
c She didn 't have a job.
6 At the end of the video we hear: 'Young
women - as well <:1s young men - now dream of
becoming astronauts and <:1 journey into sp<:1ce.'
Why is this?
a 8ecause of the space shuttle.
b 8ecause of Sally Ride's journey.
c 8ecause of female astronauts.

After you watch

6 Role play an interview with Sally Ride

While you watch

Work in pnirs.

3 Walch the video and check your answers in

Student A: You arc Sally Ride. Answer a

journalist's questions about your journey into
space. Use the information in the video and
prepare notes about:
what you did before you were an ;istrona11t
the first fli g ht on the Challengcr space shuttle
what you did in spac<'
what you did after you returned
why you think your journey was important for
other people

Exercise 2.

4 Walch the video again. Maleh the years (1-8) with

the events (a-h).


2 1969






the first Russian woman in space

Sally Ric.le'~ second journey into space
the first female pilot of a space shuttle
the first man on the Muon
Eileen's Collins' third flight
the first American women in space
NASA began
the first African-American woman in space

5 Watch the video aga in. Choose the correct answers

(a-c) for each question. Some questions have more
than one answer.
Whal does the phrase 'space was a ma n's
world' mea n?
n All the US nslronnuls were men.
h On ly men worked for N/\S/\.
c /\m<'rican women didn't want to go to
2 1 low many women were in the group of
ca ndidates to be the first fema le nstronaut.
a two
b six
c ten
3 What did Sally do in space?
a She helped to launch two satellites.
b She did scientific experiments.
c She fle w the Challenger space shuttle.
4 What die.I she do after she returned from space?
a She left ASA.
b She gave talks across the USA.
c She trained other female astronauts.

Student B: You are <:1 journalist. Interview Sally

Ride <:1bout her journey into space. Use the
information in the video and prep<:1re t1uestiuns
wha t she did before she was an astronaut
the first flight on the Challenger space shuttle
what she did in space
what she did after she returned
why she thinks her journey w<:1s import<:1nt for
other people
When you finish, chnnge roles ;md repent the

7 Work in pnirs. W0 can call Snlly Ride' n role' modC'l

for young women. This is someone WC' admir0
nnd try to copy. Think of n role-model in your life
or for other people. TI1ink about these questions.
Then tell your partner about your role-model.
1 Who is this person?
2 ls it someone in your family? ln sport? On TV?
3 Why is he /she a role-model?

experiment (n) /1k' spenm;int/ scientific tests

launch (v) /b:ntJ/ to send a rocket or space vehicle from the
ground into the air or into space
pilot (n) /'pailat/ person who controls and flies an aeroplane
or space vehicle

1 Complete the text with the past simple form of the
Marco Polo 1
[begin] his famous
journey to China
when he was
seventeen years
old. He 1
(travel] from Venice
through to Persia,
to Atghanistan and
along the Silk Road
to Cambulac !now
Beijing]. The journey
!take] three
years. Polo 4
. lnol re lu rn] lo Venice for
seventeen years because he 5
!stay] in
China and he 6
[work] for the Khan !or
Marco Polo returned to Venice in 1295 and he
!not travel] to Asia again. But his book
about the journeys in Asia called Miracles of the
World 8
[become] bmous across Europe.
People Y
!not believe] everything in the
book, bul lhey loved lhe slories. Before Marco
Polo died in 1324 he 10 ............ !say] everything in
th e book was tru e.

5 Read another sen tence and compare it w ith

the' informntion in F.xercise 4. Complete the
supC'rlnti vC' SC'ntC'nCC'.

1 The summ er temperature in London is l8C.

London is t/1r coldest city.
2 A Bugatti Veyron can travel at 430 kph. lt's
3 This castle costs $10 million. lt's
4 Delhi has a population of 12 million. lt's
capital city.
5 The Mississippi River is 3,733 km . lt's

talk about the past with the past simple tense

ask questions about the past
compare people and things

6 Write o ne type of lrnnsport you rnn :
1 ride

2 fly

3 sail


7 Choose the correct options. In one sentence, both

answers arc correct.
We went on a long travel I j o11mey acros~ the
2 How was your business trip I j o11mt?y?
3 l always take I go the bus to work.
4 My friend is" travel writer. He w rites I /Jlogs
about his journeys.


talk about transport and travel

Write' quC'stions nbout Mnrrn Polo.

1 When I Marco Polo I his journey to China?
W/1c11 did Marco 110/0 /Jegi11 !ti:. jo11mey tu China?
2 Where I he I from?
3 How long I the journey I ?
4 How long I he I in China?
5 After 1295 I he I to Asia again?

3 Work in pairs. Take turns to ask and answer the

tiuestions in Exercise 2.

4 Rea d the information. Then write two compa rative

sentences using the adjectives.
l'he summer temperature in (,Jatar is 40C. lt's
I cold)
Qntnr is ltottl'I" tlzn11 l3t>rli11. R1'rli11 i.; mld1r tltn11 Qnlnr.
2 A Porsche ciln trnvel flt 300 kph . A Mini can
trnvC' I nt 225 kph. (fos t I s low)
J This house costs $1,000,000. This npnrtmcnt
costs $250,000. (cheap I expensive)
4 London has a population of eight million.
Madrid has a population of three million.
(big I small)
5 The N ile River is 6,650 km long. The Amazon
River is 6,712 km long. (long I short)

2U"C in tlerlin. (hol

Real life
8 Complete the questions with these words.
fl ight




? Delicious!
1 How was the
? lt rained every day.
2 How was lhe
3 How was lhe
Very comfortable and right in the cily centre.
4 How was the
Tiring. We waited at the airport for six hours !

ask about a trip

talk about a trip

9 Work in pnirs. How much can you rC'mC'mbC'r
nbout thC'sC' journC'ys from Un it 7?
The Mayflower
The Flight of the Silver Queen
The Journeys of Voyager 1 and 2


1 Look a t the p h oto and read the capti on . Where is the fes tival?
Which ildj<'ctivcs d escribe it?

94 The faces of festivals

colo urfu l
crow ded
exciti ng
fu n
popu lar

TTow people chan ge th eir

appearan ce fur diffe re nt



Global fashion
A fash ion p h o tographer
tells us abo ut h ow clothes
cha nge across the world

98 In fashion or for life?

A look a l the history o f
ta ttoos and how they are
back in foshion

102 Festivals and special

Visit som e of the world 's
m ost colo urful fes ti va ls

2 ,,. 2.7 Lis ten to a visitor a l the Dinagyang Festival. Are these
sentences true (T), fa lse (F) o r don ' t know (DK)?


The Dinagyan g Fes tival is always on the fo urth Sunday

in January.
The fes tival is in different cities in the P h ilippines.
Tou ris ts also wC'ar colourful clothes ru1d mnkc-up .
The mus ic w nsn ' t q uie t.
The vis ito r didn 't ca t any uf the loca l food.

3 Discuss these qu <'stions. Use the adjec tives in Exercise 1.

What is an im portan t d ily or festival in yo ur town o r city?
When is it?
2 Do p eople change the ir nppca ran ce (e.g. wear s pecinl
cl othes)?
3 What d u people d o on the d ay? Do they eat specia l food ?

... is a popular festival in my country.

There's music and dancing in the city centre.


Grammar have got I has got

1 Look <lt the childnm in masks in the photo. Do

5 Look a t the sente nces (;i-e) from the con vcrsLJ tion

you h<"l vC' s imila r ma sks in your country? When do

people wC'<H them ?

in Exercise 2 about nppe;irance. Choose the correct

option tu complete the rules (1-2).

2.8 I .is te n lo a con versation <"lhoul lhe photo.

umbN the child ren in the pho to in the order they
d iscuss the m..

a W11y h;ive they got these m<1sks?

b r think they' re a bit ug ly.
c r k 's got a fantastic w hite fo cc.
d Tle h<1sn' l got an y eyebrows.
e Mnybc he's ta ll.

2.8 I .is len again. Answer the questions.

1 Why WLlS thC' woman in Spain?
2 Who were in th<' rnci sks?
3 Wha t season is the' fC'sli val?
.+ Why d u people trLJv C'I !here?
5 Doe~ the woma n think the masks are beautiful
o r ug ly?
<i Wha l d oes the man think is 'fantastic'?
7 /\ re they brothers and siMN?
8 Why is the girl similar to thC' man 's daughte r?

4 Whnt d o yo u think a bout the mn sks? LJo you think

they i'l rC' ugly or bea utiful ?

1 We use be I have got before an ad jective'.

2 We use be I lznvr> gnl before a no un or a n
adjecti ve + noun .
We often use have got I has got to talk about:
appearance I've got blue eyes.
possessions He hasn' t got a car.
fa mily Have you got children?
For further information and practice, sec page 165.

Unit 8 Appearance

~ 2.9 Compkte the description of il different festival with th0

co rrect form of /Jr or lwvr. gnt. Th0n list0n ;:ind check.

This Polga tribesman 1 .

a dancer at a festival
in Papua New Guinea. All the men ] ... - . tall and
handsome and they ~
colourful clothes with
red hats over their short, dark hair. They 4 _
white faces and black lines around their brown
eyes, on their eyebrows and on their cheeks. The
man in the photo '
red on his lips and nose,
and he 6
black on his chin and a string of
seash ells around his neck.

10 Work in pairs. Make true sentences a bou l lhe lhree

Vocabulary face and


children in mas ks in Exercise 1.

7 Look vt the hi ghli g hted word s in the text in

Exe rcise 6. Point vt these pvrts of the foce on
th e photo or o n your own foce.


is I are
've got I's got
haven't got I hasn't got

8 Fi nd one more word in tlw text for c;:ich

category in th0 t;:iblc.
General appearance


beautiful (usually women)

(usually men)

short I



long I
straight I curly
I fair I blonde

a hat
red lips
blue eyes

11 Write ;:i short description of your appea rance. Use words

from this page and be and have gut. Then read your
description to your partner. Does your partner think it's
an accurate description?


12 Work in pairs. Pby this g;:ime. Then ch;:inge roles ;:ind

9 Pronunciation groups of co nsonants

~ 2.10 Mvny Eng lis h word s hvve groups

of consonvnts w ith no vowel sounds

be tween the m. T.is ten to the groups of
consonil nt sou nd s in these' words ;:ind
repent them.
liQS. eyebrows

big heads
brown hair
a white face
red cheeks
a red ribbon
one eyebrow



play the g;:i me ;:ig;:iin.

Student A: Choose a person in the class. Answer
Student B's questions.
Student B: As k Student A tiuestions and g uess the person.
Has he got ... ?

Yes, h e has. I No, he hasn' t.

Is she ... ?

Yes, she is. I No, she isn 't.

read ing photographing clothes word focus like grammar present cont inuous vocabulary clothes
speaking what people are w earing

Sb Global fashion
3 H.ead the article again. Choose the correct answer (a orb)


for these c.iuestiuns.

1 How often do you buy new clo thes?

W hich of these is most important for yo u:
the price, the si:.::e, the colour or the brand?
2 Read an article a bout photographer Gillian
Turner-Niles. An swer the questions.
1 Wha l type of photographer is ::.he?
2 Where does she normally work?
3 Where is she a t the m om ent?

Gillian Turner-Niles is a fashion

photographer. She lives in New York and
works in the fashion capitals of the world.
You can see her photographs on the pages
of fashion magazines across the world.
Her clients include Gucci, Dior, Ferragamo,
even the sports clothing company Nike.
But today she's talking to me by phone
from the middle of Sudan. So, what is she
doing there?
'I'm taking photographs, of course!' She
explains, 'I'm not taking photographs for
Vogue or anyone else. It's like a holiday. In
my business, it's easy to forget there's

W h C'rC' c;in you SC'C' he r p h o tograph s?

n in s hop s
b in m;ig;izinC's
2 W h o d ocs sh C' work for?
n n clothing compan y
b d iffC'rC'nt comp;inics
1 Whnt docs th C' w ritN think about foshion across thC'
wor ld?
Jt's thC' S<l 111('.
b Tt' s di ffC'rC'n t.
4 D ocs C.illinn agr C'C' w ith thi s opini o n?
n YC's, in som C' p bces.
o, s he doC'sn ' t.

another world out there. And I like looking

at clothes in a different way when I travel:
But in this world of global fashion, people
all over the world wear the same clothes.
The businessman's suit in Beijing is like the
businessman's suit in Berlin. And jeans
and T-shirts are almost a type of uniform
these days.
'Yes, I think that's true in the big international
cities; Gillian says. 'But I'm visiting regions
in the world with their own
suit (n) /su:t/ clothes Gacket and trousers/skirt)
traditional clothes and their
made from the same mat erial, often for work.
own fashions. That's especially
uniform (n) /'ju:n1 f:i: m/ the same clothes for a
true in this part of Africa:

group of people (e.g. in the army or in school)

- ------Unit 8 Appearance

Word focus like

4 Look at the sentences w ith

Tt's lik a holiday.

T lik looking at clothes.

5 Work in pai rs. Discuss these

q uestions.
1 Do you like fashion? ls it
important to yoLt?
2 Do you wear clothes like
your friends, or like famo us
people in magazines?

Grammar present
6 Look at these two sentences
from the article (a-b). An swer
the questions (1-2).
a She lives in New York
and works in the fashion
capitals of the world.
b Today she's talking lo me
by phone from the middle
of Sud an .

Compkte thC' te lephone con versation between Gillian and her

colleag ue Sam. Use the present continu ous form. Then listen and check.

S - Sam, G = Gillian
S: H ello?
(call) from Tokyo.
G: Hi Sam. l 1
S: Sorry, who 2
G: Sam. it's me. Gillian.
S: Oh sorry, Gillian. lt 's a really bnd lin e. C:ive me the number of
your hotel and l can call you back.
(not slay) in Tokyo. T~
(wai t) for my flight at
G: No, l -'
the airport.
S: Where 5
(you I go) now?
G: To Vietnam. H o Chi Minh City.
S: Ohl see. 6
(yo u I t1nvcl) on you r own?
G: No, Jess is wi th me. We 7
(work) on a project together.
lt's abo ut fashion in As in.
S: Grea t. Can yo u e mai l me some of your photographs?
G: Sure, but my emai l 8
(not I work) at the moment.
S: OK, send the m tomorrow .. . Bye.

the verb like from the artick.

1n which sentence does likl'
mean 'similCJr to'? Find another
sentence in the a1tick wi th this
meaning of like.

,r., 2.11

Choose the correct form to complete these sentences about Gillian.




At the m oment, she tmveb I is travelli11g in Asia.

At h ome, she doesn't go I isn't going to the gym before work.
Now size visits I she's visiting differen t parts of the world.
She likes I is liking clothes and fashions.
Currently she takes/ is t11king photos for a project on
fa shion in Asia.
She doesn't take I isn't t11ki11g a holiday very often.
Docs size have I ls she h11ving a house in New York?
Where does she take I is she taki11g photos now?

Vocabulary clothes

Which sentence d escribes

an ;iction now or around the 10 Match these word s w ith the clothes (1- 10).
timC' of speaking?
belt dress skirt hat jumper shirt shoes
2 Which sentence describes a
permanent state or ruLttine?
What tense is the verb?

I'm (am) working.

You/we/they're (are) working.
He/she/it's (is) working.

A re you/they/we working?
What is he/she/it doing?
Where are you/they/we working?
For furth er information and
practice, see pages 165 and 166.

7 Fin d exam ples of the present

continuous form in the artic.:le
in Exercise 2.

t ie



I'm not (am not) working.

You/we/they aren't (are not)
He/she/it isn't (is not) working .







11 Work in pairs. Take turns ;:ind d escribe w ha t clothes:
you arc wea ring today
your pa rtner is wearing today
your teacher is wearing today
I'm wearing a red T-shir t.

reading tattoos critical thinking close reading vocabulary parts of the body speaking t attoos

Sc In fashion or for life?


1J1- WORDBUILDING phrasal verbs

1 Discuss the questions as a d ass.

A phrasal verb is a verb with a particle. Eng lish has many

phrasal verbs. For example: Every morning I put on my

coat and go to work.

What is currentl y in fashion (popular at the

mon10nt) in your co Lmtry?
2 Look ;it these categories. What is now out of
fils hion (i.e. it was popular, but it isn't now)?
on TV or video

on the Internet


For further information and practice, see Workbook

page 67.

Vocabulary parts of the body

5 Underline parts of the body in tl10 ;irticle. Then

2 Look at the photos of the two men. Who ha s got

label these pictures.

tattoos because they a re in fashion? Who has got

tattoos because they are traditio na l in his country?

3 RC'nd the arti cle. Which paragraph (1-4) ta lks


tattoos in Polyn C'sian culture?

w hy m odern socie ties hnve ta ttoos?
ta ttoos in ancient culhHcs?
ta ttoos in the US/\?

Critical thinking close reading

4 Read the a rticle again. According to the
informa tion in the article, are these sentencC's
true (T), fa lse (f) or don' t know (DK)?
1 Som C' fomous people h cive got tattoos.
2 In the US/\, mo r<' women go to ta ttoo shops
than men.
3 8dure five thousand yea rs ago, nobod y hnd
c1 tattoo.
4 Different ancient cultures had tattoos.
5 There weren 't ta ttoos in ancient Chinil.
6 ln Polynesia, people don ' t h ave t<lttoos
7 Chris Rainier says ta ttoos are a type of fo shion.
8 The writer d oesn' t like tattoos.




6 Discuss the questions in pnirs.
1 ln yo ur country, are ta ttoos in fashion? Out of
fashion? Traditiona l? Not part of the cu lture?
2 Do you like ta ttoos on other people?
Why? I Why nut?

In many cou nhi es, tnttoos nre in fashion. On TV you can often see a famous
actor with a picture on her arm or foot, or your fovourite musician with a
word on his hnnd. Many sports personalities have got them on their
necks and backs. In the USA, tnttoos nre very popular. Forty per cent of
Americans aged between twenty-six and forty have got a tattoo and sixty
per cen t or customers in US tnttoo shops are women. These people are
often professional people like doctors, teachers and bwyers.
However, tattoos are not modern. l.n fact, they are very old in humnn
history. For exnmple, nrchneologists found a human in ice from five
thousand years ago. He had fifty-seven tnttoos on his back, ankles,
legs, knees and feet. They were used for many different reasons
loo. In ancient Egypt, people put on tattoos because they were
'beautiful'. 8ut in ancient Rome, Lalloos were negntive and put
on criminnls and prisoners. In India, tattoos were religious.
In the sixteenth and seventeenth century, European sailors
arrived in the islands of Polynesia. They saw tattoos for the first
time. The people on the islands had tattoos on their shoulders, chest,
backs and legs. Often lhe tattoos were of animals or natural features
like a river or a mountain. The European sailors liked them and made
their own talloos. And so the idea travelled to Europe. Tattoos in
Polynesia are still important today. They show information about a
person's history, their island or their job.
So is there a connection between traditional tattoos and fashionable
tattoos? And can you call lalloos Cl foshion? Chris Rainier of Natiunal
Geographic is an expert in tattoos and his book ilncienl Marks has photos
of tattoos from all over the world. Tle thinks people in modern societies often have
tattoos because they are a cormection with the haditional world. /\nd anyway,
tattoos aren't a fashion like clothes or a haircut because you can' t pul them
on and take them off again like a jacket or a hat. They are permanent
and for life.

real life t alking about p ict ures and ph otos pronunciation silent letters

8d The photos of
Reinier Gerritsen

Real life talking about pictures and

1 Do you like looking ilt p;iintings and photos? Who is your
favou rite artist or photographer?

2 Look Jt thC' photo. Discuss Lhe questions.

1 Where are these people? Tlow do they feel?
2 Du yuu th.ink it is an interesting photograph? Why? I Why nut?

3 l'if 2.12 The photo is by Reinier C.Nritscn. Listen lo someone


Int roduce t he photo
This photo shows ... I can see ...
On t he left/right. in the midd le,
at the front/back
The people (appearance and actions)
She looks sad. He is reading.
Your opinion
I think ... I like it because ...

talking about him and his photogrJphy. l\nswer the questions.

Why does the person like his photos?
Where are the people in this photo?
3 The speaker talks abo ut the people in the photo. Who docs
s he talk abo ut first, second, third, four th and fifth?

5 Pronunciation silent letters

4' 2.13

Listen to these words from

the Listening. Which letter is silent?
Then listen again and repeJt.

4 ... 2.12 Lis ten again and match the sentence beginnin gs ("l- "10)
with the e ndings (a-j).
1 His photos arc
2 They o ften show
3 This one is
4 On the right
5 The woman in the
midd le
6 ln front uf her the woma n
w ith blonde
7 Then the other blond e
woman on the left
8 Sh e looks
9 T.ook a l the other woman
rn T like it because

people in their everyday life.

b very interesting.
c the man and woman are
ta lking .
d is wa lching her.
;i bit sad.
f is rC'Jd ing her book.
g r don't norma lly look a l
people vNy closely.
h h air is listenin g to mus ic.
a t the back.
on the New York subwJy.

blo nde


6 Work in pairs. Look J t JnothN photo

by Re ini er Gerritsen on pJgC' l!'ili.

1 Choose a picture or photo you li kC'.

Show it to you r partner an d tJ!k
abuu t it.

speaking and reading emoticons writing texts and online messages

w riting skill textspeak

Unit 8 Appearance

Se How RU? tks

Speaking and reading

1 Read the Lexi about cmotkons on thC'

right. The n di scuss the quC'stions.



Tfow ;:ire emoticons different in the

eastern hemisphere and the western
2 Do you use emoticons in yum texts
and online messages?
'.'I Which emoticons do you use in the
article? Which other emutic.:uns do
you often use?


Writing texts and online











2 Read messages between two people.

How does each person feel?

~ HowR Ul

B :0 Didn't know it's 2day. Call me after

3 Writing skill textspeak

The whole world uses emoticons in their texts and on line

messages. But emoticons around the world are not the
same. In eastern hemisphere countries, the eyes are very
important in emoticons. But with western emoticons, the
mouth is more important and you turn your head to the
left to read them.

Gr8 :-) Shopping 4 clothes. u wan 2 come?

S<y. Got English e"m. ,(


The m essages in Exercise 2 use

'textspeak'. Compare the messages with
the full version in normal English below.
A: H ow a re you?

B: l'm g reilt. T'm shopping for clothes.

Do you want to come?
A: Sorry, but T'vc got an English exam
tod ay.
n: Td id n't know it's today. Can yuu call
me ;:ifterwards?
/\: Thanks. See you later.

Texlspeak mnkes F.nglish shorter. Pind examples in

Exercise 2 of the following:
1 The writer uses nwnbers with the sam e sou nd as a word.
2 The writer uses a letter with the same sound as ;:i word.
3 The writer lea ves o ut som e words (e.g. pronouns,
auxifotry verbs).
4. The writer leaves o ut letters when the word is obvious.
5 The writer use imperatives not polite forms.

C Write this texlspeak conversn tion using full sentences.

RU in tow n?
11: 2 Am 18ter 2d;:iy.
A: 3 Wan2 meet?
n: 4 0K. @3?


d Write these full sentences using textspeak.


Thanks for the message.

Please meet me al the s ta tion.
Sorry l'm la te.
See you on Monday at six.

4 Work in pairs. Arrange to meet thi s week. Write a text

message to your partner. Swap your messages and write a
reply. Continue writing ;:ind agree on the day, tht= time and
the place.

Unit 8 Appearance

Photo :1
5 Where is the wedding?

Before you watch

1 Work in pC1 irs. T.ook at the photo and read the

Wlint kind of music are the musicians plnying?

cap tion. Discuss tlw questions.

Where is this elephant? Why are there colours

on its focc?
2 Do you ha ve animals at festivals in your
country? Tell the class.

Photo 4
7 Where is this photo?

Whal colours can you see on the elephant?

2 Mntch these words to the pictures (1-7).



Photo 5
Which llalian city is the womnn in?

10 How often is the camivnl?

6 Look at these sentences from the video. Are

the underlined words very positive or very
negative? Practise rending the sentences. Stress the
underlined words.
She's wenring an amazin~ costume!
You rnn sec some fantastic fireworks.
Those gloves arc wonderful!
The colou rs arc incredible.

7 Fluency practice describing the photos

3 Answer these questions i1bout the objects in

Exercbe 2.

Which rnn you see in your co untry?

W11<'n do you see them (e.g. at festivals, Cl!
sp<'cin I events)?

While you watch

4 Watch the video. Ther<' nrc five photos in the video
and each one shows a fcstivn l or a special event.
Tick the words you can sec in each photo.


Fire Pcstival: make-up

Rodeo: ma ke-up
Wedding: mask
Elephant festival: make-up
Carnival: mask
jewellery , ,

5 Watch the video C1gC1in. Answer these questions.

Photo 1
1 Which country is the Beltane .Fire Festival in?

Work in pairs.
Piny the video again with NO SOUND. TC1ke tu m s
to bC' the narrator. Describe each photo when it is
on the screen. Talk about:
where it is
what you cnn sec
whCll you like about it

After you watch

8 Read this email. W11ich event in Exercise 4 is the
person writing Clbout?
HI .

We're having a great time in Scotland! Last night,

we went to a festival. There were lots of people
and they were wearing interesting costumes
and white make-up. One woman had a white
dress and an amazing tall hat. Everyone carried
fire so it was an incredible event. I've attached a
photograph for you to look at.
Bye for now!

Docs the narrator like the woman's costume'?

Photo 2
3 W11crc is the clown from?
4 Ts hC' making the audience laugh or is he
listening to his national anthem?

9 Choose another festival or event in the video.

Tmnginc you went to it. Write an e mC1il toil friend
and describe it.

10 Swap your email with a partner. CC1n you guess

which fes ti val or event they described?



5 Write some sentences about the peop le in this

photo. Use words from Exercise 3.

1 Complete the sentences with the correct form of

hnve got.
1 Pen elope

blue eyes. (+)

2 l
a moustache. (-)
3 The two sisters
.. the same dress. ( 1)
4 He
a hat.(-)
5 Maciej and Ania
long hair. ( )
6 The dancer
a w hite face w ith black
make-up on your face?
brown hair or blonde hair?

2 Complete the sentences with the present simple or

p resent continuo us form of the verbs.


At the moment, they

(work) in japan.
(a lways I s tart) work at nine.
(you I do) now ?
Cu rrently, sh e
(write) a book about
fash ion .
(live) in Los Angeles.
(you / like) this dress?
(you I wear) those shoes this
evening? They're ugly!
A: Where arc Jan and Pio tr? They're late.
B: They
(drive) here now.

use have got I has got to talk about appearance
talk about actions now or at the time of speaking

3 Delete thC' incorrect word in each group.
beautiful forehead u gly h andsome
sh ort ta ll ugly m ed ium-height
3 HAlR
straight tall fair long
trousers h at T-shirt lips
n eck eyebrows nose chin
ta lloo make-up ch est clothes

4 Which clothes do you p ut on these parts o f the

body? Match 1-5 with a-e.
1 hand s
2 feet
3 legs
4 h ead
5 neck

a h at
b socks
c Lie
d trousers
g loves

They're ...
They've got ...

They 're wearing .. .

talk about clothes and appearance
talk about the face and parts of the body

Real life
6 C hoose the correct option to complete these
SC'ntences ab o ut the photo in Exercise 5.
This photograph shows/ lnkes a group of
women in New York City.
2 The woman on the right / i11 the 111iddle is looking
at the photog rapher.
3 She lookc; I has got happy.
4 Everyone is wearing a black and white jumper I

5 The wom en have got pink and turquoise hair I

6 Some women a re wearing black hots I belts.
7 I like I nm liking the pho to beca use they are
having fun .
8 The photo is illtl'rl'sting I interested.
describe a picturP or photo

7 Work in p airs. Look at photos of people in a

n ewspaper, magazine or on the Inte rnet. Desc ribe
the photos.

8 Work in pairs. Describe' a m e mbe r of your family.
Talk about his/ h er appearance. Are you like him
or h er? Why? I Why not?


Unit 9 Film and the arts

106 All roads film festival
We watch new films from
around the world

108 People in film and the

The d ocumenta ry film ma ke r Adrian Seym our
talks abou t h is nex t p roject

110 Nature in art

A rt critic Liz Searl e-Barnes
w rites a bout a gall ery of
nature paintings

1 Look at the photo . What is th e wom an doing? Why d o you

think sh e is in Sydney Harbour?

2 ,,., 2.14 Listen to som eone ta lkin g about the p hoto. C hoos<'
the correct ending (a or b ) to complete the sentences. Tn one
sentence, both endings are possible.
The wo man is
a on ;in nd ve rtise rne nl
b in a film
2 Th<' outd oor cincmn screen is
a on th<' sid e o f ;i b u ildin g
b above the wa tN
3 The audience wa tch the ir fovourit<' actors
a on the beach
b in the ir cars

3 Complete these sentences for you. Then tell you r p nrh1er.

114 Camera traps

How a d irector films th e
secret lives of animals

1 go tu the cinem a .. . (once a week? once a mo nth ?)

! us ually wa tch films on ... (TV? DVD? the Interne t?)
l like wa tching film s ... (with friends? on m y ow n ? with a
big a udience?)
Th e las t fiLn 1 saw a l the cin em a was ... (title?)

You see fi lms (at t he cinema).

You watch films (on TV, on DVD, et c.).

+,_ .. -


vocabulary types of film reading all roads film project listening at the film festival
grammar going to (for plans) pronunciation /to/ speaking a film festival

9a All roads film festival

Vocabulary types of film
1 M<J tch these ty pes of films w ith the
pictures (a- g).
action film
horror film
romantic comedy
sc ience-fiction film

2 Discuss these questions LlS Ll cb ss.

C<J n you think of one film for each
type in Exercise 1?
2 Which ty pes o f films d o you like?
Which d o you neve r wa tch?

3 Rei1d th e firs t pnrngrnph o f the nrti ck.
Whnt types o f film s rn n you wLltch
the All madsfi/111 frstivnl?


Every year, National Geographic has a film festival

in the USA. It isn 't like the Oscars and Bollywood
because you don't see lot s of fam ous film st ars .
The All roads film festival has film s by directors
and actors from many different countries and
cultures. You can see many types of films including
comedies, documentaries and animation. Here are
some of the films this year.

This is a documentary by the director Aleksei

Vakrushev. It's about the life of the Chukchi people in
eastern Russia .

This is a romantic comedy about a Chinese family in

New Zealand. Their daughter loves a local man and
the problems begin.

Grandma is a short film by the Lebanese director,

Merva Faddoul. It's about a teenage girl called Sarah
who has a normal life with her sister and grandma .
Then, one day, the family's life changes forever.

Unit 9 Film and the arts

4 Rend the whole of then rhck. A re these


statemmts true (T) or folse CF)?

1 The All ru11ils film festiv11/ is every
2 You can see lots of famous people
3 lt shows one type of film.
Ll This year you can see a film about
5 My Wedding and Utiler Secrets is a
comedy in China.
6 Gm11dn111 is a story about an old

S Which of these films at the festival

would you like to see? Why?

6 ..., 2.15 Two friends arc at the All roads
film f estival. Lis ten to their conversation

and answe r the questi ons.

1 Which film does Beata talk about?

Where does Charles invite Beata?
3 Does she answer yes or no7

4f 2.15

Listen again and write in the

1niss.i.ng verbs.

C = Charles, n = neata
C: Hey! T3eatn. Stop!
T3: TTi Char k s. Sorry, but T'm goi n g to
a tickC't for thC' nC'xt fi lm . Tt
starts in fivC' minute's. Tt's calkd My
Wedding and Other Srcrrts . i\ re you
go ing to 2
it too?
C: No, I'm n ot, but w h at are you
afterwards? Didier, Monka
and l are going to '
dinner at
a Japanese resta urant. Du you want
to come?
B: Sorry, but l'm not going to
out late tonight. l'm tired.
C: Sure.
B: Oh, l must go. Bye.
C: Bye. See you later.

Grammar going to (for

8 Look at the conversa tion .in Exercise 7.
Underline four examples of going
lo and one example of the present
co ntin uo us. Then answer Lhe questions.
Do the und erlined verbs talk about
the p resent or thC' future'?
2 TTow do you form the n egative and
ques tion form of going to?


going to + verb

I'm not/She isn't/They aren't going to have dinner.

What are you going to see?
Are you going to see the film ? Yes, I am. I No, I'm not.
going to go = going to (present continuous)
When we say going to go we usually use the present continuous form
of go: I'm going to go home. I'm going home.

For further information and practice, see page 166.

9 Mn kc sen tences wi Ll1 going lo or Lhe present continuous form .

1 we I sec a film at the n ew cinema
2 I I not watch I this DVD
3 you I buy the ticke ts on linc or at the cin ema?

what time I they I go I the cinema?

l I not sit I at the front of the cinema
where I you I sit?
they I meet us after the film?
l I never I watch a film by tha t director aga in!

10 Pronunciation /t-J/
.i:, 2.16 Listen to the sentences in Exercise 9. Notice the weak
vowel sOLmd .in lo is /tci/. Listen again and repeat.

11 Imagine you are going to a film fes tiva l. Choose three films
you want to wa tch and plan your day.
In cinema 1

In cinema 2

In cinema 3

2-3.30 Animal

2-3.40 Summer

- a wi ldlife

love - a romantic
comedy from

2-4 The Moon

at Midnight - a
Ho llywood action
film with fast cars

3.55- 5.25 Life on

4.10- 5.30
Mars - a Hollywood Animation festival
science-fi ction film
- short animation
films by young

5.40-7.15 The Boy

from Mumbai
- music, dance
and colour from

4 .15- 5 .35
Historical Horror
- a documentary
about the history
of horror films

5.45-6.45 Everest
- a powerful
Macbeth - a new
documentary about film version of
the mountain and
famous play

12 Work in groups. You are going to the festival with the people
in your group. i)iscuss and plan the films you are going to see.

What are you going to see at two o'clock?

The Moon at Midnight because I
love action films. Are you going?

No, I'm not. We're going to watch Summer Love.

vocabulary art and entertainment reading a wildlife filmmaker

listening interview with Adrian Seymour grammar infinitive of purpose speaking your future plans

9b People in film and the arts

Vocabulary art and
1 Wo rk in pairs. Imag ine you hil ve


Look al the photo of Adrian Seymour. Th en choose the correct

w ords (a, b or c) lo comple te the gaps in the a rticle (1-8).

a free eve ning . N umbe r th ese

ilcti v iti es Cl - 6) in y our ord er of
p re ference ('I = firs t choice).

watch a film on the TY at home

see a film at a cinema
go to a theatre and see a play
go to a n a rt gallery and loo k a t
the p a intings
lis ten to live music a t a con cert
h a ll
rea d a novel a t h o m e

Compl e te the table w ith these

art and paintings
artist or painter
in a book
at a cinema
at a concert hall
director, actors, actresses (x2)
music a play or a musical



f ilm
at the
in an art
no ve l

. .


T.ook ilt the different typcs of

people in Fxcrcise 2. T<.1lk <.1bout
som e o f y our fovourite directors,
actors, <.1 rti s ts, writers Lind
m usici a ns. Why do y ou like them?
,. WORDBUILDING suffixes (2)

We make nouns from verbs+ suffix to

describe people's jobs and ocwpal ions:
act - actor; direct- director;
paint - painter; write - writer.

For further information and practice,

see Workbook page 75.

Doctor Adrian Seymour is a film 1

animals are the 2
and the scene ry is some of the most
beautiful and remote parts of the world. Adrian 3
films and documentaries about his expeditions for television
channels .
As a child, he wanted to live in the jungle and he kept lots of plants
in his bedroom . He loved ~
TV programmes about the
natural world with famous '
like the underwater expert,
Jacques Cousteau.
Before he 6
a film-maker, he studied biology and zoology
at university and went on scientific expeditions. Later, he made hi s
first film in 2006 and learned how to use a film 7
Nowadays, he films
all over the world.

1 a
2 a
3 a
4 a
5 a
6 a
7 a
8 a

s ta rted
v ideo
ac tion films

in jungles, mountains and rainforests


dire ctor
ex plorers


artis t
going to
p a inters


Unit 9 Film and the arts


Grammar infinitive of purpose

~ 2.17 Listen to an interview with Adrian.

umber the topics (a-c) in the order he talks

about them.
p lnnni ng il film
b the subject of his next film
c the number of people in th e film cr<'w


~ 2.17 Listen ngnin. J\nswcr tl10 qu<'stions with

Yf's, No or Doesn't say.

1 Does Adrian plan his journeys?
2 Does he use more than one camera?
3 ls there always a director and camera person on
a film?
4 ls Adrian going to film in the winter?
5 ls he guing tu take a year tu make the film?
6 ls his next film fur the cinema?
7 ls the film a buut an explorer frum the
nineteenth century?
8 ls it guing tu be a lung film?
9 Duet> he plan tu have a holiday?

Discus~ these

tt uestiuns as a class.

1 Would you liken similnr job Lo AdriCln?

2 Do yo u ever mClke films o r videos (e.g. of your
friends ;ind filmily)?

8 Look a t the two pa rts of the sentenc<' from th<'

interview wi th Ad rian. J\ nswer the questions.
1'111 goi11g lo M11/11ysi11 lo 11111ke 11 fi/111.

Which pnrt of the sente nce describes the

sp<'akN's plan?
2 Which pnrt of th<' sC'n tence describes why the
speaker do<'s som<'thing?
You use the infin itive of purpose to say why you
are going to do something:
rm going to a cafe to meet some friends.
rm going to London to see a musical.
For further information and practice, see
page 166.

9 Work in pairs. Miltch

1-4 wi th n- d ;rnd milke

sC'ntcrK<'s stn rtin g with T'm goillg to ...


buy this book about Martin Scorsese

art school
play this cumpi.1ter game again
the theatre



read about his life

reach level five
see a play by Shakespeare
s tud y painting

10 Think abo ut your plans. Tell your partner where

you are going, when you are going and w hy you
are going. Use the lime expressions and some of
the plilces.
the cinema
the theatre
a concert
an art gallery
a museum
another place?

on Friday
at the weekend
next week
next month

I'm going to the cinema at the weekend

to see Johnny Depp's new film.

11 Work in pairs. Write d uwn three of yuur future
plans. Take turns to tell each other your plan~.
your pMlner for the reason or more details.
I'm going to London tomorrow.
Why are you going?
To meet some friends.




vocabulary nature reading nature in art critical thinking the writer's preferences speaking paintings you prefer

----9c Nature in art

Vocabulary nature
1 Look

M the fivC' piC"ces of Llrt L1bout nLlture (I S).

AnswC'r the questions.

1 Are they modem or trnditiumll?

2 Du you know which cuimtry or period in history
they are from?
3 What can you see in each one? Use these won.b.
f lowers

Do you hn ve pL1intings or photos in your home? WhLlt

ki nd s of pictures Lire they? WhLit do they show (e.g.
peoplC', nnimLils, pbces)?

3 Read about the tive artbts on page 111. Match each
artb t w ith the ir work (1-5) in Exerci:;e 1.

4 l{ead the article again. Tick the lrne sentences for each
artis t, accord ing lo the information in the article.

Ginger Riley





This artist paints and uses nature in art.


This artist is living now.

This artist painted the same subject

eleven times.

Nowadays, one of his paintings costs


People can't agree about this artist.

He didn't have mon ey when he died.

This artist's paintings are similar to much

older types of paintings.

This artist has a lot money.

Critical thinking the writer's

5 Compare the ve rbs like and pr~fer in this sentence
about the firs t artist. Does prtfer mean like or like one
thing more th;in ;inother?
Ma ny people !like Stanislaw Witkiewicz's paintings of
people's faces, but l p..reru his p aintings of landscapes.

6 Read about the other four a rtists. Answer the

1 Which of the four ar tists does the writer like?
2 Which of their pC1u1tings does she prefer?


Van Gogh



7 Work in pairs. Discuss the art in Exercise 2.
Say which art you prefer i.n each of these
p<li rs a nd say why: 1 or 2? 2 o r 3? 3 or 4?
4 or 5? 5 or 1?
Which one do you like the most? Why?
Which do you prefer?
I prefer this one because ...

This is my favourite painting because . ..

Unit 9 Film and the arts


You can see paintings of nature everywhere in the world. Many

artists paint and use nature in their work, but the results arc ve ry
different. Art critic, Liz Searle-Barnes looks al five of them.

fitmi1/am '// ftA-1<.m1(: Stanislaw Witkiewicz was born in 1885 in Zakopane.

He died in 1939 but you can see his paintings in art galleries in Poland. Many
people like Witkiewicz's paintings of people's faces, but I prefer his paintings of
nature and landscapes. He painted this one in 1907. It shows the Hinczow Lakes in
the Tatra mountains in southern Poland. There are the green fields and the white
rocks and I like this painting beca use the water in the lake is so blue. I w ant to
swim in it.

l/1//9L'/' /1?1/r!I llumlmoalamala

In the past, Aboriginal people painted

pictures of nature and animals on rocks. In parts of Australia, their Rock Art is
30,000 years old. Nowadays, modern aboriginal artists also paint nature. For
example. this colourful painting by Ginger Riley Munduwalawala (1937- 2002)
shows hills, rivers. birds and kanagroos.

, t/u/t) .C/{1/0,10/t;<' Japanese art is famous for landscape paintings. You can
often see the sea and sky, and the mountains and trees. Ando Hiroshige worked
in the nineteenth century and he's one of Japan's most famous artists. He printed
and so ld thousands of beautiful prints in his lifetime. However, he was poor when
he died.

C/)11/Jltc'/I. <"/({/wt Damien Hirst is the richest artist in England . He is a painter,

but he is more famous for art with different animals (living and dead) includ ing
a cow, a sheep and a shark. In one room of a gallery, he put lots of fruit and rea l
butterflies live there. They fly round the heads of the visitors. For some people he
is a genius, but other people disagree. Personally, I like his work, but I prefer his
early paintings.

r/ tmwtl rt im h(;ylt Van Gogh made eleven paintings of sunflowers. They

were also Van Gogh's favourite paintings because he loved the colour yellow.
I prefer his other paintings, but many people love his sunflower paintings. They are
everywhere. You see them on cards, postcards and T shirts. Van Gogh died with no
mo ney, but in 1987 someone bought the last sunflower painting for $49 million.
art critic (n) /'a:t ,knt rk/ a person who
studies and writes about art
landscape (n) /'l:endske rp/ a painting
of an area outside (with trees, rivers,
mountains, etc.)

listening going to a theatre real life invit ing and making arrangements pronunciation show ing enthusiasm
grammar present continuous for f uture reference

9d Making arrangements
1 Look at the photo of some theatres
in Broadway, New York. Answer the
ls there a lhealre dis trict in yo ur
town or city? Wbat kind s of shows
are lhere (e.g. plays, mu sicals,
2 Whal was lhe las l show you Silw?
Whal was il about?

2.18 Two friend s ;ire tn lkin g ;ihout

seeing a show ;it i1 nroildw;iy thcnhc-:.
Listen lo their p honC' convcrs;itions
and a nswC'r thC' 11uC'stions.

Con ve rsa tion 1

I Which show in the photo are
they ta lking about?
2 When is the show?
1 Why isn't Adriana free?
Conversation 2
4 Can Adriana finish work early?
5 What time does lhe show s larl?
6 What time are they going lo meel ?

Real life inviting and

making arrangements

2.18 Complete the expressions for

inviting and making arrangements
w ith these words. Then listen again
and check.

g reat
'd love
'm sorry
t ime
wa nt


4 Pronunciation showing enthusiasm

~ 2.19 Lis ten to these phrases for responding to in vitations.
Underline the word with the most stress. Then listen again
nnd repeat.


1' d lo ve to!

l'd really like to!

That's great!
That sounds fantastic'

5 Grammar present continuous for future reference

Look al the sentencC's from thC' Listening in the grammar box.
W11al is the tense? Arc they t;i lking nbout the present or the
fu turC'?


Would you '
Are you
Do you

to come?
to go?

Respond t o th e invitation
Thanks. I
, but I'm working late tonight.
M aking arrangements
What '
Let's "

...... does it st art ?

at seven.
you at seven.

I'm going to the theatre tonight.

I'm sorry. but I' m working late tonig ht .
For f urther info rmation, see page 166.

6 Work in pairs. Practise these telephone con versa lions.

Sl udenl A: You've gol lickels for the rnu sic;i l Jersey Boys
tomorrow night. H stnrts ilt 8 p.m. Telephone Student Band
invite him / her.
Student B: Answer the phone. You are at work. Listen lo
Student A's invitation and say yes. Arrange to meel.
Then change roles and practise the same conversation for the
musical Wicked. lt starts at 8.30 p.m.

w rit ing reviews and comments writing skill giving your opinion with sense verbs

Unit 9 Film and the arts

9e It looks amazing!
Writing reviews and comments
1 People often write reviews and comments on
websites. U o you e ver read them? Which ones?

2 Ma leh these extracts from reviews ;:ind comments

(J-5) wi th



an art exh ibition

a restaurant

a film



D I loved their first album so I was excited about their

second. Some of the tracks are good, but it sounds
very slow. Overall, it's a bit disappointing.

EJ After the show, we had a meal at this new place in

the centre. The starters were very good. I had the
tomato soup and it tasted great. Unfortunately, the
main course wasn't so good, but in general I liked it.

IJ There's one room in the gallery with paintings

by the artist Picasso when he was very young.
They look amazing! You can't believe he was only
twenty when he painted them .

4 Writing skills giving your opinion with

sense verbs

Sense ve rbs are /ook,fee!, sountl, taste, smell. We

often use sense verbs+ adjectives in reviews
b<'cn use they give our opinion abo ut somethin g.
Und erline fi ve sense verbs+ adjectives in the
reviews in F.xe rcise 2.

b Work in pairs. Which sense verb~ could you use to

w rite about these items? You can choose m ore than
one for each item.
a musical at the theatre
a very long book
a fitness centre
a new bui lding
a new type of sports car
some men's aftershave
clothes in a shop
a new type of chocolate
a computer game

C Which of thcs<' ndjec hves can yo u use with the

verbs look, feel, sound, taMc, smell? Yo u can use the

adjectives more than once.



5 Choose two of the topics in Exercise 4b. Write

D I felt scared at the beginning because it starts in

the middle of the night. There are two people in
a car and they break down. So they go to a house
and a strange man opens the door. But after that
it's very funny. I laughed for two hours.

DI bought this because it has the name of my

favourite actress on it, but it smells awful!

3 Wh ich reviews in Exercise 2 are positive? Which

arc nega tive?

a short review or comme nt for a website abo ut

them. Use sense verbs and ndjeclives.

6 Wo rk in pairs. Exchange reviews. Use these

questions to check your pn rh1e r's reviews.
Are the reviews positive or negative?
Did he / she use sense verbs and adjecti ves?
Are yo u n ow inte rested in the item in the

Unit 9 Film and the arts

Before you watch

1 Look ;it the pho to. Why do you think this nnimal is
diffic111L Lo pho tog rnph?

correct ru1s wer for the questions.


2 RC'<ld Lhe tex t ;:iboul a camcr;:i trap. lt took the

photo of the l<'opetrd . Answ<'r the c.1uestions.
1 Tlow does it t;:ike ;i photo?
2 Wl1y do wildlife conservationi s ts use camera
3 Why do camcr;:i trap::. take photos with no
4 Where du you need Lo put th<' camera?
A camera trap is a
special type of camera.
When something moves
in front of it, it takes a
photograph. Wildlife
conservationists use
this technology because
animals come near the
camera. They can get
a lot of information
about the animals during the day and also at night.
Sometimes, camera traps take photos of animals you
rarely see.
There are also disadvantages with a camera trap.
When a plant moves in the wind, it sometimes takes
photos with no animals. It's also difficult to put the
camera in the right place. You need to put them
where animals spend time and usually this isn't easy.
wildl if e conservat ionist (n) /'wa1ld,l:11f ,kn11s:-i'vc1}nist/
person who protects animals in natural areas
wild (animals) (adj) / 'wa ild/ animals in natural areas

3 You arc going Lu watch ;i video about the

filmmaker Adrian Seymour. A nswer the questions.
What can you remember ;:ibout h.im?
2 Why do you think he uses cn mera traps?

While you watch

4 Watch the video with NO SOUN D. N umbe r
Adrian's actions in the o rd<'r he does them (l-9).

Tl<''s ge tting up.

H e's going to bed.
H e's walking throug h the rainforest.
H e's pu lling a c;:i nlCra trap in ;:i tree.
H e's tnk ing a camern trap off a tr<'e.
H e's looking for ;:ini1nals in the photos.
H e's hnvi11g a bath.
H e's w<J tching an anim;i l on his computer.
H e's climbing up a tree'.


5 WLttch Lhe video Ltgain WITI TSOUND. Choose the

Whcr<' is Lhe rainfores t?

a in C ua lemala
b in Cos ta Rica
c in Honduras
Where' do a lot of the animals live?
a in rivers
b in hees
c under Lhe ground
How mnny camer<J trnps d ues he pul in the
a six
b sixteen
c sixty
How long does Adri;:in wail before he look::. at
hi::; cam crn traps?
a four hours
b four d<Jys
c four weeks
When Ad ri;in look::> at the first photos, what
does he think?
a He thinks the ca meras d on't work.
b He doesn' t think thcr<' il re any animills.
c He doesn' t know wh<:1t the problem is.
He sees a kinkajou in the pictures. Which tluee
facts are true about kinbjous?
a They come o ut at nig ht.
b They live' in rainfores ts.
c They also live in the desert.
d They ea t meal and fruit.

After you watch

6 Role play an interview with Adrian
Work in pairs.
Student A: You are Adri;in Seymour. A journalist is
going to interview you nbou l your filmrnaking in
H onduras. Think abou t wh;i l you are go in g Lo say.
Student 8: You nre a journalist. You a re writin g
an <:1rlide about Adriru1 Seymour. Prepare som<'
qu<'s tions about Adriru1's filmm<:1kin g and his work
with c;imera traps in Honduras.
When you finish, chang<' roles and repent Lhe

5 Complete the missing word in these sentences.

1 Complete the sentences with the going tu form of
these verbs.
not drive
not write


play (x2)

1 We
2 Malt and Raul


a film on TV this evening.

friends for dirn1er.
he re beca use there's a
problem with their car.
a holiday this year?
the tickets online before
we leave.
The author
another book ever
her g uitar at the concert?

1 Actors work in TV, film s nnd in the t

2 You look al paintings in an a
3 J K Rowling writes n
about a boy called
TTarry Polle r.
4 Tplay the gu itar with a group of m
5 Steven Spielberg is a famous film d
6 We listened lo the music in a c

6 Complete the table with these words.

butterflies flowers




2 Make five sentences w ith going to and the infinitive

of purpose.

going to

the theatre
a concert hall
an art gallery
a cafe
the shops


listen to
look at

a drink.
a musical.

3 Read these present continuo us sentences. Do they

la lk about the present (P) or t11e future (.F)?


l'm making a doc umentary about butterflies at

the moment.
l'm sorry, but l'm working late tonight.
Why arc they wailing outside the ci nema?
Where arc you going after work?
They aren't leaving tomorrow.
Chen nnd Jens aren't coming to this meeting so
le i's stnrt.


talk about future plans with be going to

talk about the purpose and reason for a plan or
use the present continuous tor future arrangements

4 Match these types of film with the comments (1-6).
action film
science fiction

1 It's n story in space w ith aliens.

2 It wns very fLmny nnd I laughed for hours
3 Tt's all a bo ut polar bears and how they live.
4 Tcouldn' t watch the film. It wns very scary!
5 There are fast cars and the hero always w ins.
6 In the past, they d rew all the pictures on paper.
Nowadays, they make them w ith comp uters.

talk about types of films


t alk about art and enterta inment

talk about nature

Real life
7 Number the lines of the conversation in the correct
orde r (1-8).
I Would you like to come to the cinema?
Sorry, bul T' m working lat<'.
When are you going?
OK. I'd love to come at nine.
The film is also on at nine.
Gren t. Let's meet o utside the cinema at tiuartC'r
lo nine.
A l six.
8 Kight. Sec you there. n yc.

invite someone
make an arrangement

8 Work in pairs. Role pin y a telepho ne conversation.

Arra nge to meet next week. Then change parl11C'rs
and make another arrangement for a different day
next week.

9 Work in groups. ien the others about your
favo urite musician, writer, actor or nctress and
artist. Sny why you like them.

Unit 10 Science


1 Louk at the photo of il human brain. Which is more i11lelligent:

118 Technology has

changed our lives

2 Louk at the list. Which is true fur a human brain (B)? Which is

A new survcy shows how

our everydily lives have
changed forever

120 How well can you

Find out how lo improve
your memory with memory
athlete Nelson Dellis.

122 Why haven't

scientists invented it?
We hilve lols of greilt
technology, but modern
humans want more!

126 Memory and

language learning
Compare ways of learning
lilng uages

a human brain or a compuler? Give reusons fur you r answer.

lrue for il computer (C)? Some sentences are true for both.


ll needs energy. H, C
H uses chemiculs.
Tt stores informution.
It's usually easy to fix.
We don't know everything ilbout il.
It Ciln shut down.

3 4f 2.20 Listen to il ne uroscientist (a scientist who studies th e

brain). She is cumpilring a brain toil compute r. Check your
answers in Exercise 2.

4 Neuroscience is the science of the brain. Match these other

subjects w ith the type of science (il f).

., astronomy
2 zoology
'.i physics
4 chemistry
5 biology
6 teclrnolugy


heil t, light, energy

new machines
planets and outer spuce
li ving things

5 Which sciences did you study ilt school? Which do you like
reilding about in magazines or wa lch.i.ng on TV? Why?

vocabulary everyday technology reading and listening modern technology grammar present perfect
pronunciation 'vel's speaking a survey

1Oa Technology has changed

our lives
Vocabulary everyday
1 Look fl t the photo in the article. What is
the boy doing? Do you ever use one of
these? Why? I Why not?

2 Look flt these pairs of words. Which do

you use' mos t? Wbich do you never use?
emai l / letter
music download I CD
search engine/ library
book I ebook
map I sat nav (GPS)
on line video I DVD
podcast I radio
text message I postcard

3 Think nbout people in these age groups:

lec11ngrrs, yu1111g adults, middle-ngrd
pcoplr>, sixties and aver sixties. Disrnss
these' questions.
Wh ich do they use the most in
Exercise 2?
2 How important is techno logy fur
these p eople?

Reading and listening

4 ReCld the article. Arc these sente nces
true (T) or false CF)?

On averngc, there are four

computers in British houses.

2 Over hnlf the British popula tion
think Lh<'i r li fe is belier w ith
3 Lo ts of people in Brit;iin use public
4 YoLmg people still write le tters by
hand .

5 Ask everyone in the clnss these

questions. What are the results fur your
1 TTow m any computers have you got
in your house'?
2 Ts your life be tter w ith technology?

6 4' 2.21 Lis te n to part of the survey

from Exercise 4. The resenrcher
interviews someone und er the age o f
thirty. Tick the six aclivi tics (1- 15) in the
article Lh nt she asks abou t.

People in Britain love technology. In a new survey of people

in the country, researchers found:

there are four computers in the average British household.

six out of ten people say their life is better with technology.

The researchers also say that new technology has changed

our world forever. Modern communication is a good
example of this. For example, have you ever telephoned
from a public telephone? Have you ever written a letter
by hand? Many people haven't done these things or they
don't do them anymore. Tn particular, the survey found
that young people have never done the following activities
because of modern technology:
Te lephoned a cinema for the times of the f ilms.
2 Booked a holiday at a trave l agent.
3 Used a public telephone.
4 Bought tickets for a concert over the phone.
5 Pri nted photos.
6 Bought a CD.
7 Written a letter by hand.
8 Used an address or telephone book.
9 Looked at a map before a car journey.
10 Faxed a document.
11 Pa id by cheque.
12 Watched programmes at t he time they are on TV.
13 Put an advert in a newspaper.
14 Sent a letter in an envelope.
15 Bought flowers from a shop in the high street.

Unit 10 Science

~ 2.21 Listen again. Choose the correct

9 Look al the grn mmar box. Then complctr the extracts

ending ( LI, b or c) fur the sente nces. Sometimes

lwo end in gs are currecl.

from lhe su rvry interview wilh lhe present perfect

form of the verbs or lwve/lurvcn 't.

H e alway:, books holidilys

a a t the travel agent
b online
c by phone
2 He bought his falhcr LI CD b ecau se he

A: Tfovc you ever bough l il CD?

B: ActuL11ly, yes, 1 1
(buy) LI C D. Normally
Tdownload music, bul last wrck Tbought a CD for
m y fother.

a doesn ' l ha ve much money

b had a birthday
c can ' l d ownloild music
a good for his job
b fas l
c nol expensive
He pays with
a credit ca rd
b cash
c online hilnking
He wC1tchrs programmes on
a TV
c YouTube
He sends
a texts
b pos tcilrds
c e milils

Grammar present perfect

8 Look at this question ,1 nd ilnswer from the
interview. Answer the questions.
A: Have you rvcr booked a holiday a l a trilvC'l


Yrs, I have, but it was a long timr ngo.
Are they talking about iln experience in the
past or presenl?
Do we know exilctly when the action

A: And before a car journey, hC1ve you ever used a

B: Yes, T7
. Well, Tdid in the past, but now 1
use LI sat n av, you know, a CPS, beca u se 1 drive a lol
for my job.
A: Tfovc you ever paid for somr thing by cheque?
B: No, because l 1
(nevrr I have) a cheque

A : So you never watch TV progrn mmrs on line?

(wa tch )
v id eos on YouTube.

B: Oh, Tsec w hat you mean. Well, T4

(you I ever
letter in Lin envelope?
B: I'm not sure. Let me think. No, I 6
J send e mai ls or texts.

A: OK. And finally,

I send) a

10 Pronunciation 'vet's
"- 2.22 Listen tu eighl sentences. Do you hea r the full
form or the contracted form?

1 have
2 has
3 have n o l
4 has n o l

' ve
havrn ' t

5 ha ve
6 has
7 have not
8 ha:, not

' ve
h aven ' t
hasn ' t

11 Work in p airs. Ask each othrr rlave yu11 ever .. . ?
questions aboul lhe fifteen Llctiv ities in the article .
Have you ever telephoned a
cinema for the times of the films?

Yes, I have.

Use the present perfect to talk about experiences in
the past. We don't say exactly when it happened.

past participle




has (hasn't)

booked a ticket.
telephoned the

Questions (with ever)

With the present perfect, we often use ever in
questions and never in negative answers:
Have you ever downloaded music?
Yes, I have. I No, I haven't. I've never downloaded
For further information and practice, see page 167.

Have you ever booked a

holiday at a travel agent?

No, I haven't. I've never ...

12 Th ink of other technology word s. /\s k your partner

wha t technology he / she hns used. Then work with
;mother pair. 'le ll lhem w hilt your partner h as done
or hasn ' t dune.
He's read an ebook.
She's never downloaded a podcast.

Speaking and reading

4 Afterwards, read the three' nrticles again and

compnre yo ur 11utes. Discuss tlwse questions.

1 Have you got n good memory? Which of these'

a re ensy for you to reme mber? Wha t techn iques
do you use to rC'member them?
people's names Li nd foces
directions a nd LJdd resses
telephone numbNs
dates and facts in hi s tory
food on shoppin g lis ts
m~w words in Eng lis h

Vocabulary memory and learning

5 Look at these groups of verbs. Two words ha ve

2 Work in groups of three. Each person reads a

short paragraph, then memorises the importLJnt
informa tion nnd w rite notes in this table.
Stud ent A: Tum to page l.'14.
Stud C'nt fl: Turn lo page 155.
Stud ent C: Turn to p age 156.
Student A

Student B

1 How much information did you rem C'mhcr?

2 How much information did the otlwr s tude nts
rc mC'mher?
3 Which mernory techniques in thC' Llrti c!C's d o
you use?

similar meaning. Cross 0111 the word with an

opposite or different menning.



s tud y learn teach

know understand tes t
rem ember forget memorise
tr<lin relax practise
... WORDBUILDING synonyms and antonyms

St ude nt C

What was
the topic
of the
t echniques
did it

3 In yo ur group, tell each other nboul the

in(onnatiun in your article. W hen yo u listen tu
th e o ther s tudents, write notes in the table.

Synonyms are words with similar meanings: learn - study

Antonyms are words with opposite meanings: learn ;. teach
For further information and practice,
page 83.

see Workbook

6 Work in pairs. Ask nnd answer these questions.

1 H ow often do you stud y F.nglish al home?
2 How many new words in English do you learn
Ll week?
3 TTow do you memorise new wo rd s (e.g. in
sentC'nces, with pichtres, writing them dow n)?
4 Do you ever lest yo urself? How?

Unit 10 Science

Listen ing
7 Look at the photos and thC' lw<ldline. Am;wer the


Grammar present perfect and

past simple

10 Compare the verbs in these two sentences from

Who is lhC' m<ln in the first phutu?

2 Wha l hns lw won? Has he ever won it befo r0?


Nelson Dellis wins USA

Memory Championship again!

the news report.

Nebun has woo thC' US/\ Memory
Championship twi c0. lle won the competition
in 2011 a nd aga in in 20 12.
1 Whnt ;ir0 the two tenses?
2 Whi ch tense do we use when we kn ow thC'
exnct time?
3 Whi ch tense d o we use when we don' t say
o r know the exact time?
We use the present perfect when w e talk about
something in the past, but we don't say (or know )
exactly w hen it happened :
He's studied memory techniques.
We use the pa~t simple when we talk about
something in the past and we say exactly wh en it
happened (with a time expression):
He won a memory competition last y ear.
For further information and practice, see page 167.

11 Work in pairs. We often start a con versa tion

wi th a question in the present perfect and then
continue w ith pns t simple questions.
Have you ever studied
in another country?

Yes, I've studied

in Mexico.

Nelson Dellis

When did you

study there?

and 'Memory
at the USA

I studied in
Mexico in 7993.



"*N umbe rListheseten topics

tu a
report about elson D01l is.
in the order the repo rtC'r
2.2 3


menti ons th em.

a the USA Me mory Ch<lmpi onships
b wha t N elson cn n rC'm0mbe r
c Nelson's me mory t0chniques

2.23 Lis te n ngnin . Answer th e questions.

H ow m<lny new na mes and faces can Nelson

2 J Tow many different numbers CCl n llC' h0nr ;ind
repea t?
3 Which years did h e w in the US/\ Me mo ry

Write four simibr conve rsations. Make

questions w ith tlw w ords and write answ~rs.

I take I an English exam?

When I take it?
2 Jlave I stud y I science? Where I s hJ dy?
3 H ave I teach I a s ubject? Whnt I tench ?
4 Ha ve I learn I a m usical ins trument?
What I learn?
J fil ve

12 /\sk your partner more ljuestions a bo ut
something they have learned.
Have you ever learned ... ?

Cha mpiun~hip ?

4 Which sporting event i"lrC' Memo ry

Championships similnr to?
5 Wha l did he stud y in 20 10?
6 Huw much did hC' prnctise?
7 Who d oes he tench his techniques tu?

When did you ... ?

What did you ... ?
Where did you ... ?

vocabulary science and invent ion reading new inventions

critica l thinking t he main argument and supporting information writing the main argument

10c Why haven't scientists

invented it?
Vocabulary science
and invention
1 T.ook al these scientifi c
inventions. Categorise the m into
g roups a, bur c. Tell the clnss
your answers and say w h y.

T need it every day.

T some times n eed it.
T neve r need it.
an ipod or MP3 pl ayer
a vacuum cleaner
a whee l
a knife
sticky tape
the Internet

5 RcJd the article again. Arc the sentences true (T) or fa ls<' (F)?
1 The' in v isibility coat and th C' <"fl r used cameras.
2 Th<' cnr was 100% invisible.
3 Flying cars are very popubr.
4 The wri ter doesn' t want lots o f traffic in the sky.
5 Tckporling doesn' t u se transport.
6 SciC'ntists can ' t move atom s across distances.
7 Robots for the home cost a lot of m on ey.
8 Th<' new robot can do everyday jobs.

6 Which invention from the article wou ld you most like to have? Why?

Critical thinking the main argument and

supporting information
7 In this article, the w riter uses a main argument and supporh ng

2 Louk a t the pictures of new
in ventions (/\ D ) on page 123.
Ma tch them w ith the sec tion titles
(1-4) in the article.

3 Read thC' Jrticle about fo ur types

of scientific invention. An swer
the questi ons.
Which two haven' t sciC'nhsls
2 Which two have scien tists
invented, but we don't have
them in our everyday life?

4 Match these words from the

article (1-5) with the ddinihons

..j. break down
!'i prototype

the first one (e.g. fl mflchine)

before you make lo ts of the m
b to make a mach ine w hich
people h ave never made
c to find information for the'
firs t time
d to s lop working
c to find o ut if an invention
'"'or ks

i..nformation. Look a t these sentences from the paragraph about

invisible objects.
MJin C1 rgument: Many scienti sts h C1ve tried to invent invisible
objects, but they h aven ' t done it yC't.
Supporting inform ation : But as you can see in this photo, the
w h eels aren ' t invisible.
Now read these sentences from the article . Which are the main
L1rg11 menl (M ) and which arc suppo rti ng information (S)?
1 With all the cCJrs on the road and the problem s of trnffic, why
ha ven ' t fl y ing cCJrs become popular?
2 One reason is beca use cars are ver y heavy so they J rc difficult lo
3 Cities h ave roads for cars, b ut they don' t have runways.
4 Teleporting is LI very fast way to travel, but scienti s ts h;wcn ' t
discovered how to do il.
5 A human being is made of trillions of a toms, so it's very difficu lt
and scientis ts don ' t have the answer at the moment.
6 Scien tists hLivc invented robots, so why don 't we a ll have them?
7 Probably bernu se the leclu1ulogy is very expens ive' Lind th e
robots often brcn k down.

8 Work in grou p s. Discuss one of these question s flnd write down two
or three reasons. Then write a paragraph w ith the mai n ;i rgu menl
(the question) and two or three supporting sentences.
1 Th ere are lots of people on F.nrth, so why ha ven ' t we built ci ties

Lmder the ocean?

2 There are about 7,000 diffC'rC'nt lfl ng uages on Earth, so why
haven't we invented on e langua ge for everyone?
:i We have lifts in tall buildings, so w hy hC1ven' l we invented a lift
in to space?

Unit 10 Science

invented it yet?
Scientists have discovered and invented many things: computers,
space travel, mobile communication. But there are a lot more things
they haven't invented or we don't use in our everyday life. Are they
all impossible or can we have them one day?

invisible (n) /rn 'v1z~bl/ you can't see an object

runway (n) l'rAnwe1/ road for an aeroplane to take off and
land (at an airport)
atom (n) /'a:t:m1/ the smallest part of a chemical element
servant (n) /'~:.i:v:int/ a person who works in another
person's home

1 Invisible objects

3 Teleporting

Many scientists have tried to invent invisible objects, but

they haven't done it. One scientist at Tokyo University tested
cameras on a coat. The cameras filmed objects behind the
coal and showed them on the front of the coat. Unfortunately,
the coat wasn't very comfortable! The car manufacturer
Mercedes also tried these cameras with a car. They pul the
camera on one side of the car and showed the images on the
other side. But as you can see in this photo, the wheels aren't

Teleporting is moving objects and people from one place

to another without transportation or walking. Teleporting
is a very fast way to travel, but scientists haven't discovered
how to do it. Solid objects are made of atoms and with
teleporting you have to move each atom one by one.
A human being is made of trillions of atoms, so it's very
difficult and scientists don't have the answer at the

2 Flying car
With all the cars on the road and the problems of traffic, why
haven't flying cars become popular? One reason is because
cars are very heavy so they are difficult to fly. There are olher
problems as well. Cities have roads for cars, but they don't
have runways. And we have so many problem s on our normal
roads, do we really want the same problems in the sky?

4 Robot servants
Actually, scientists have invented robots, so why don't we
all have them? Probably because the technology is very
expensive and the robots ohen break down. But many
companies in Japan have made prototype robots for
houses. They wash clothes, switch on the TV, turn off the
lights and change the music. Many scientists think we can
all have a robot servant in our home in about ten years.

listening a phone call real life checking and clarify ing pronunciation contrast ive stress

-- 1Od Problems with technology

1 Look al the photo and discuss the questions.
1 TTow does the m an feel? Whal do you
think has ha ppened?
2 l fa s your mobile phon<' or internet
connection e ver stopped working? How
did you feel?

2 "'- 2.24 Richard works for Omnrox

Engineering. He answers n telephone
cn ll from Omar. Listen and nnswer the
q uestions.
Whe re is Omar?
Whnl lime is it?
Whal isn 't working?
Wh a l is the name of th<' hotel ?
Wh al is the numbe r?
Where has Richard put the designs?


Real life checking and


~ 2.24 Look nt these expressions for

checking nnd clnri fy ing. Then match the

responses (a f) with the expressions. Listen
aga in and chrck.
Is that three in the morning?
Was that the Encasa Hotel?
The number is 603 2169 2266.
Is there anything else?
Have you called our colleagues?
Have you emailed me all the designs?


So that's 603 2169 2266?

o, in the afternoon.
Yes, 1 have.
Yes, one thing.
No, the Ancasa Hotel. A for appk.
o, 1 haven' t.

4 Pronunciation contrastive stress

~ 2.25 Listen and und e rline the stressed
word in the responsrs. The n listen again
and repeat the rcsponsr.

A: is that three in the morning?

n: No, in the afternoon.
2 /\ : Was tha t the Encasa H otel?
B: N o, the Ancasa Hotel.
3 /\.: Ts thnt F. for Englan d ?
B: N o, it's /\ for apple.

5 Work in pairs. Prnctise similar telephone conversations.

Call 1
You are working abroad, but your mobile phone isn 't
working .
Telephone Student B from the Hotel Innsbruck. Your
number is 790 9856 7211 .
Check Student B emailed your PowerPoint presentation
for tomorrow's meeting.
Call 2
Student B is abroad. Answer his/her call.
Write down information about the hotel (name/number).
You haven't emailed the video because Student B's email
isn't working .

Call 1
Student A is abroad. Answer his/her call.
Write down information about the hotel (name/number).
Confirm that you have emailed the PowerPoint
presentation for tomorrow's meeting .
Call 2
You are working abroad, but your mobile phone isn't
Telephone Student A from the Embassy Hotel. Your
number is 800 7790 0210.
Check Student A emailed the video for tomorrow's

vocabulary email addresses and websites writ ing a telephone message

w riting skill imperatives

Unit 10 Science

1Oe Please leave a message

after the tone
Vocabulary email addresses and
1 ~ 2.26 Can yo u say 1-lwsc cmLii l addresses and
websites? Listen and dwck your answers.

4 Writing skill imperatives

When we write messnges, we often change the

speaker's words and use imperati ves. Look at
this example.
Can he download them from this website?

j_jone s @hotmai l.co.uk

Download them from this website.

b '- 2.28 Listen to five sentences on voiccmails.

Write them down as imperatives.


1 Call Jim /Jack this cvrn i11g.

www.an casa .com


5 Prepare a m essnge for a hotel voicem ail.

cha rityh e lp.org/b-2

lnclude these de tC1i ls.

2 Work in pairs. Take turns tu say and w rite down:

you r email address
your favourite website

your name
your number
your email
Lisk a colleague at the hotel to do ~omething

6 Work in pairs. Read yotu m essages in

Writing a telephone message

3 "' 2.27 Listen to a voi<.:email and read the rnessngc.

Exercise ,i:; to each other. Write down the most

importLint information for the colleague al
your hotel.

There a re fiv e mistakes un the message. Correct them.

Name of caller: _ __ _ _ _
Name of c aller: R1c..V..t1.rd Se.-1'\
._ _ _ _
Message for: Doc.tor 0111.i\r

Message for: _ _ _ __ _ _

M f-hrbif.\

Message: ____________ _

Message: I-le. Ctl.1'1. t e.l'l\.Cll.1f tv..e de.s1~1'1.S.


Dow1'1.fot1.d rke1t1. .fro1t1. ol'l\.Cll.rox .c.01t1./ (,\-I

C.t1.ii V..11t1. b/.>.c.)': 011 ki<> t-..0111.e. 11-tA111.be.r

( 011 2.3ll- 3T8c;) or e.l'l\.Cl..ii k11t1. t1. t


** ***



7 Check your partner 's phone message. Is il
clear? Is everything correct (e.g. the spell ing,
phone numbers, the email address)?

Children in a classroom

Unit 10 Science

4 Work in gro ups. Compnre your answers in

Before you watch


Exercise 3 and add more in formation. Then wa tch

the video again and check.

1 Work in pairs. Look al the photo and read the

caption. A nswer the questi ons.
Whal l;i nguage arc they learning?
Did you k nrn ;mother language when yo u
were ;i child?
3 How o ld were you w hen yo u started learning
4 Ts it important to learn difforent lan g uages
w h<'n you a re a child? Why?

After you watch

5 Work in pai rs. Look back a t the answers for each
person in Exercise 3. Which answers are also true
fo r you?

6 Group discussion poster presentation

Work i..n gro ups.

While you watch

Discu ss nnd plan a lis t of advice fu r other p eople

knrning Engli sh. Talk abou t these q uestions.

2 Watch the v ideo. Whnt questions do the people

an swer?


3 Watch the video again. How du these people

answer the questions (1-4)? Write words ami
phrases for each answer. Don ' t write full
Question 1

Question 2

1 H ow d o yuu memorise n ew word s in F.nglish?

2 How can yuu learn English outside of th<'
Nuw d esign a p os te r o f your id ens and advice for
learning English . You need large pieces o f blank
pa per. Write yoLu- ide;is ;i nd ndvic<' on the poster.
Yuu can add pictures ;ind irnnges.
Present your post<'r to o ther groups in the class
and sh;ire your id<'ns.
Question 3

Question 4



1 Write Have yuu ever ... ? questions with the prom pts.


I the Eiffel Tower?

Replace the old Lechnulugy words in bold with

these modC'rn technology words.

Have yu11 ever seC'/1 the E([{c! 'fower?

download emett GPS

search engine text message

ride I a motorbikr?
3 learn I a musicLJI instrument?
4 meet I a famous person?
5 make I a film ?


Match these LJnswrrs with the questions in

Exercise 1.


Yes, l have. I made LI film of my family for a

college project.
b Yes, 1 have. Trode' ;:icross America un a Harley
Da vidson last summer.
c Nu, l haven ' t, but m y friend has met lots of
o, l haven 't, but T'tn going to Paris next yeLJr.
e No, I haven 't, but T'd like Lo be able to play th<'

4 Complete tlw conversation with the present



I rvN I visit) Rome?

8: Yes, l have. I was a studC'nt al Lhe Lmiversity.

A: l{eally? What '
(you I study)?
8: Art. 1 also 1
(work) in a museum
fur three months.
(you I do) that?
A: When 1
8: ln 2005.
A: s
(you / leLJrn) Tt;i li;in when yo u
were there?
8 : u, l didn't, because my pL1rC'nts me llalian su
(speak) ltLJli;in all my life.

Choose Lhe correct option to complete' thC'

sen t<'nces.

1 I study I traill English every day for an hou r.

2 Can you knnw I re111e111lwr the past tense of the
verb 'go'?
3 I always 111C'111orisc I forge/ this word! What does
it mean?
4 We can practisr I know English tugeth~r by only
speaking English.
5 l need to test I learn myself before the exam.

Work in pairs. TLJke turns lo ask and answer the

<.jUestions in Exercise 1.

perfect or pL1st simple form of the verbs.

Have you ever handwritten ;i letter? c11111il

My son has sent me a postcard.
Find Lhe Lown un the map.
T'm li stening tu a radio programme in English.
TI1i s library gives you lots of diffC'rC'nt
Your favourite song is on this CD.

Complete this sentC'nce (or you. Then compare

with your partner.
1llis week in my English lessons, T'vC' lc;irnC'd . . .
talk about everyday tech nology
talk about learning English

Real life

Put the words in the correct ordrr to mnke

questions fur checking and clarifying.

I as I in I A I is I that

I Lha l I thirty? I ur I was

3 (}7.S 6475? I nwnber I the I is



I nnything I is I else?


I sen t I the I e mail? I you


check and clarify informat ion



talk about


Work in pairs. Discuss these questions.

experiences with the present pertect

talk about the pa~t with the present perfect and past

Whal was you favuurit~ subject at school?

W11y did you enjoy it?

Unit 11 Tourism
The desert in Jordan
Photo by Gary Arndt


1 T.ook nt the photo. Why du yo u think the tab IC' is in the desert?

130 Going on holiday

2 If.- 2.29 Listen to a m an talk about his holid ny in Jordan. Why

WC' gC't the best holiday

nci vice for every type of


132 Planning a holiday

Prepare for yo ur holiday
by knowing the rules of the

134 Should I go there?

Travd writer Carlos Comm
wa nb your opinion i1hout
his next holiday

138 Mecca and the Hajj

Follow the people' w ho take
religious ho lid nys

was the table in the desert? Whal hi1ppC'nC'd ?

3 Which holiday did the man in Exercis<' 2 take?

a camping holiday
backpacking around the world
a sightseeing tour
a package holiday by the beach
hiking in the mountains

4 Work in groups. Uiscuss these' 11ucs tions. Which holidays

in Exercise 3:

do you prefer?
ha ve you done in the past?
i1re you going to do in the futme?
I prefer package holidays to hiking in the
mountains because / like to relax on holiday.
I've never been on a camping holiday.

I'm going backpacking round Ireland next summer.

reading and vocabulary tourism listening advice for tourists word focus take grammar should/shouldn 't
speaking advice for a tourist

11 a Going on holiday
Reading and vocabulary tourism


1 Work in pe1irs. Read the quiz below from a tourism

3 Look al the website on poge '131. What kind

milgazine. Find words in the qui:t. tu ma tch the

definitions (1-7).

of tourist is it fur? What do<'s Jnn La11ting te1lk

about in Lhe pudcast?

you buy this ticket to go somewhere e1nd come bock


2 you buy this ticket to go somewhere

3 you carry this bag onto the aerople1ne
4 lo telephone fo r a hotel room (or reserve it on line)
before you arrive
5 special objects you buy on holiday
6 to give th is bog to the airline e1nd they put it on the
7 the activity of looking at famous and intC'l'esling

2 Work in poirs. Answer the l[Ui:t. and read oboul your

answers. !\re you Touris t A, Tourist B or both? Tell
the class.

4 4' 2.30 Listen to the podcnst. Jnn Lal.ks about

th<' three places on the website. Nwnber them
(1 - 3) in Lhe order she mentions them.

5 'ii' 2.30 Listen again. Jnn gives advice for

different places. J\nswer Lhe questions.


.. WORDBUILDING word forms (1)

One word often has other forms. For example: to tour (verb)
- tourism (noun) - tourist (person) - tour guide (noun + noun


Where are the interv iewer ilnd Jan

s peaking from? Whot month is il?
Which is better: a return trni11 lickel to
Thurlestone or renting n cnr?
Whal clothes do you need at this lime of
yenr in Engle1nd?
Why is it a guud time to go to Mil lays in?
Docs everyone in Malaysia speilk English?
Tn the Malaysian jungle, why is o loc;il
gu ide important?
Wl1C'n is a good time to go to the ;\retie?
f low can you trn vel to the !\retie?

6 Wh ich place would you like to go to? Why?

For further information and practice, see Workbook page 91.

re you? ,
Answer the questions for Tourist A and Tou rist B.


Tourist A
Do you ...
always buy a return ticket?
check in more t han one bag?
book the hote l in advance?
rent a car?
buy souvenirs?
use a tour guide?
like sightseeing?


Tourist B
Do you ...
often buy a single ticket?
on ly take a carry-on bag?
find a hotel after you arrive?
use public transport?
buy loca l food at markets?
learn some phrases in the lola l language?
meet loca l peop le?

Did you t ick more questions for Tourist A or Tourist B? Turn to page 153.


Unit 11 Tourism


Grammar should/shouldn't
9 Look al the verb slwuld in these sentences

Travel information for people who like travelling on their own.

(a-c) giving advic<' from the p odcast in

Exercise 4. A nswer the questions.

This month, we look at some of the top destinations for

independe nt tourists. Click here to download a podcast of
o ur interview with travel writer Jan Lanting. Listen to her top
three suggestions for this time of year.

Sometimes it ra ins so you ~ho uld lake a

coa t.
b You s houldn't go in the w inter because
it' s vNy cold and very dark.
c Should Tgo on my own o r w ith a lour?

What form is the verb a fter s'1011/d and

TTow do you make a question with
should? Do you use the a uxi linry do/does?

I/you/he/she/we/they should rent a car.

I/you/he/she/we/they shouldn't carry a lot of
Should I buy my ticket at the station?
Yes, you should. I No, you shouldn't.
For further information and practice, see page 168.

10 Work in p airs. Rea d the sentC'nces ( 1- 6). Then

use the words in lhe tabl e to give advice for
each situa tion .
1 T' m so tired .
2 The s un is s hining and the temperature
is 40C.
3 Trnn't speLl k the loca l langu age.
4 Public trLlnsport is slow to the city centre.
5 This s hop is expen s ive.
6 VC'nice is a b ea utiful city.


take a holiday.
go sightsee ing.
learn some words.
buy your souven irs here .
take the bus.
wear sun cream.

11 Work in pairs. Choose Ll cou ntry and prepare
advice for n to uri st. Include these topics.

Word focus take


We u ~e the verb toke w ith diffe rent types of nouns.

Match these words lo the three types.
a taxi

an umbrella

a lunch break

tnkt' 1 iJn object

toke+ lim<' when you don't work
tnkC' 1 type of trans port

8 Find fo ur more examples of take+ noun in the

audioscript o n page 174.


famous s ites
local food

sh opping

Work with another pair. fake lLu-ns lo g iv<'

yo ur advice. You can also ask each other
You should go to the beaches because

the weather is hot in this country.

Should I bring sun cream?







reading tourist information leaflet vocabulary in another country grammar have to I don't have to, can/can't
pronunciation /hreft :i/ listening a tour guide writing and speaking rules

11 b Planning a holiday

3 Rc<ld the comments (a- f) from

1 Work in groups. Discuss thC'SC' queslions.

1 Wh C'n d o yo u normally pl an your holid ay (e.g. a yea r
before', s ix monlh:::. bdure, the wC'ek before)?
2 Whnt d o you need tu plan for a holid ay? What should you
do bC'fore you leave? M ake a lis t./\ fterward s, compare your
list wi th lhe class.

2 Rc<id the informa tion fu r tourists ;i nd lravelle rs in Austr<1 li <1.

M<itch these s ub-headings w ith the sections uf the inform ntion
le11 fl e l (1-6).
Road travel
W eather
Saf ety and emergencies

Money and currency

Visas and immigration


Information for tourists

and visitors in Australia

touris ts in A ustra lia. ThC'n re11d lh e

informa tion fu r touris ts IC'11flet. Tick
the comment if they have rC'11d the
in forma tion ur p ut a cross if thcy
h<lven ' l.

l'vC' been Cl to urist here fur seven

m onths now.
b l got ;:i work visa bdure I left home.
c Cm Tuse US dollars here?
d ls Engl ish the only language o r do
p coplc speak o lher lang uages in
Aus tr;:ili;i?
e I've brought s w1 cream because uf
the heat.
f I dialled 999, bul lhe police never
answerC'd .

Vocabulary in another
4 Com p lete the inform ation for v isitors

You h<:1vc to get a holiday visa
from the Austra lian Embassy
before you lc;ivc.
Tourists <:1nd v1s1tors can stay for
a maximum of six months.
You canno t work in Australia
without a work visa from th e
Austr<:1l i<:1n Embassy 1n your

There <:1re three ti me

zones. Tempe rature nnd
cli mate is diffe rent tram
region t o region.
Summer s <:1rc very hot .
Always use lots of sun
cream an d wc<:1r a hat.

lo Can ad a with these word s.

hand side
mu lticultural
time zones


The cu1 rency is Austral ian

Most shops. hotels and ban ks in
large ci ties accept credi t cards.
In smaller towns. you should
nlways have c.:ash with you.

Australia is a multicultural
country so there arc m<:1ny
different languages.
Most people speak or
understand English.

In t he cities. yuu should

stay with friem.l s and don t
carry tots of cash.
LJ1at DDO for Pol ice. Fire
and Ambulance.

Tourists don 't h<ivc to get

a new driving licence, but
after a year. you have to
take a new driving test.
hitchhiking (n) /' h1tJha1kf1/
travell ing for free in

someone's vehicle

For em ployment in Canada. most people

need a work 1
The Ca nadian dol lar is the national
in Canada .
Ther e <:1 rc six 3
C<:1nod<:1 is <:1 "
country with two
officia l l<:1ng u<:1 ges (rrench and Engtish l
and 18% of the populut1on have a
di fferent first l<:1ngu<:1gc.
Canada 's ~
is very different from
season to season. There c<:1 n be snow
in t he w i11 ter. but in t he summer the
tempera ture can be very high.
Drive on the right 6
of the ro<:1d .
You have to ca1ry yuur driving 7
whe n you drive.
H1tchh1king is 8
on motorways in
Canada, but you can hitchh ike on local

Unit 11 Tourism

5 Huw


is the information abuut Australia

and Canad a?
yuur cuLmlry o r countries. How many answers
du yuu know? Afterwards, compare yo ur
an~wers with the clnss.

Do tourists need a visa?

How many time zunes are there?
Ts thC' climate different in different arC'as?
Which side of the ruad do you drive on?
Do you always carry your driv ing licence?
Ts hitchhiking legal or illega l?

Grammar have to I don't

have to, can/can't

7 Luok al these scntC'nccs from the information
about A ustrnlin in Exercise 2. Match the
meaning of the hi g hli ghted verbs with the
word s in the box.
not necessary
not possible



1 Yuu have lo I cn11 drive on the left-hand side.

2 Tourists m1111ol I don 't hav<' to take phutus here.

out t ime
.!i Check
.s 11 a.m. .!.s

3 Guests have to I don 't have to leave their room

before' 11 a.m. or they pay a fee.
4 Airl inc passengers with an online boarding cn rd
ilnv(' to I don't have tu gu tu the check-in desk.


You bav tu get a holiday visa from the

Australian Embassy.
2 Tourists and visitors can stay for a
maxi mum uf six months.
:1 You cannot wurk in Australia without ;i
work visa.
4 Tourists du 't ave to gel a new driving
licence .

5 Yuu m11 I rn1111ot smoke in this area.

6 You m11 I rn 1111ot use the hotel lift.


You have to show your passport to passport control.
You don't have to show d passport for travel in your
own country. (not necessary)
All passengers can take one carry-on bag onto the
plane. (possible)
You can't check in luggage over 50 kilograms.
(not possible)
For further information and practice, see page 168.


8 Look at these signs and noti ccs for tourists. Choose the
correct verbs.

6 Wurk in gro ups. Discuss these question~ about

l... :~'

7 nusiness class passengers cannot I don't /1nv(' to wai t.

8 /\ II passengers have to I can check in on line 24 hours
before departure.

9 Pronunciation /ha:~ fl -;:i/

"'- 2.31 Listen lo sentences 1, :1, 4 and 7 w ith have to and
clu11 ' t lmve lo from Exercise 8. Notice the pronunciation
/h;:cft;:i/. Listen again nnd repeat.

Writing and speaking

10 Wurk in pairs. Choose o ne si tuiltion below and
complete the sentences ("1-4).
visiting another country as a tourist
studyi ng nt your language schuul
working for your company
1 You have to .. .
2 You dun't ha ve tu ...

3 You can .. .
4 Yo u can't .. .

11 Work with another pair. Don' t sny thC' situation, but read
yuur sentences. The o the r pnir guesses the situation.

----11 c Should I go there?


reading a travel article critical think ing arguments for and against
grammar everywhere, somewhere, nowhere, anywhere writ ing a tourist destination



8 Choose the correct words lo complete the text

from a tra vel mngnzine.

1 T.ook a l the photo on pa ge B S of tourists on a ship in

Anlarclica. Why do you think tourists go there? Wha l
d o you think they can sec? Would you like to go?
Wh y? I Why not?

2 Read the article. Which paragraph (1-5) is nbout:

a why Ant<irctica is n good holiday destination?
b the writer 's probkm?
c which holidnys the writer likes?
d ch<inges in Antnrcticn ?
e the number of touri s ts inA.ntan..: tica?

3 Wo rk in p airs. Rend p;iragraphs 1 <ind 2 agnin. Answ er

the <..1uestion s.

Is there ' <'werywhere I anywhere in the world like

U1e city of Florence in Italy? Of course, there arc
beautiful cities 2 OVf~rywhere I nowhere in Italy. Gut
for me, there isn't 3 anyvvhere I somewhere like
Horence. ~ Everylhinf.} I Nothing in thP. city Is from
the renaissance period including all the buildings,
streets and musP.ums. On every street, there's

Whal does the writer want to do on his next holiday?

2 Wha l types of holiday doe's he write about?
3 Wha t is his problem? Why?

4 Do yo u like the same types of holiday as the writer?

Do yo u agree w ith him about holidays and oth er
lo mis ls? Why? I Why not?

always 5 anvthing I something to see.

If you gel lost, ask 6 somebody I something for
directions. The local people arc vP.ry friendly!
And attP.r a long day, sit in a cafe and do

nothing I everything! Relax and watch

everybody I somoborly else walking past.

Critical thinking arguments for

and against
5 Work in rrnirs. Read paragraphs 3 to S ag;iin and make
n li st of the w riter's reasons:

1 for a holid ny in J\ntClrclica

2 against a holida y in Antarctica

Wo rk w ith nnothN rrnir. Compare your lists . Tl1C'n

discu ss the ques ti on in the las t line of the article.

Grammar everywhere,
somewhere, nowhere, anywhere


a l the sentences from the nrticlc. Which

hi g hli ghted w ords talk about peopk or p laces? An
object or event?
There nre other loLu-is ls e'Lt:r..yw..here these dn ys.
Nubod~ Ji ve's there.
I'd like to do &QJ11e.lhing exciting.
Is there anyw h r in the w orld withou t other people?



anyth ing

Use any- in negative sentences and questions.

For further information and practice, see page 169.

9 Work in pairs. Choose' i1 tourist d e::.tination <ind
write" paragraph with the htle ' You sh o uld
v isit [n<irne of your destinntion]! '

10 Put your p<iragraphs around the cl;issroo m.

Read about the different holid ny des tinCl tions .
Which would you like to go to? Te ll the clnss
nbou t your final choice.

don't lik<' holidays with hotels, beaches llnrl

swiuuning pools, llnrl T'm not interested in
sighl seei11g ill ulcl cities. l'd lik<' to rlo sometlw1g
exciting nnrl nowadays lots of holidays have
Pxciterneut. There's backpacking over the Amles of
South America, or I could go on a safari nnrl sc!e anilni:tls
i.!1 Africa. Mayh0 Tsh ould vis.it Australia and swim with
dollw1s along the coast.
nut wheu l choose a holiday, 1 always have the same
prohlC'm. Tclon'L waut to go somewl1cr0 nnrl see lots of
other tourists. Twnnt t.o be the only person there. Th0
prohlc~m is there are other tou rists everywhere th ese
days. ls thNe anywhere i.!1 the world without oth0r
What about Antarctic.a? TL's huge am! IJeautiJul. Between
1,000 and 5,000 scientists work thN<' , hut uuuuuy lives
there. lt rlo0sn't have a guvermnent and there arc no
cities so there's no pollnlion or uoisy trartic. lt has lots of
nnt11r0 and wiklliJe. lt sow1ds pcrf0r.t!

Actually, there are also tourist.s in Autarctica. Tourism in

An tnrctica uegau u1 the late 1G50s. i\ho111 nOO eole a
year visited from Chile am1 Argentina. Nowadays, aho111
n0,000 tourists from all OVC' r the worlJ go IJy Ship to
the continent. every year and the numhN of c:ruises is
Su like eve1ywhcr0 else wi th Lomists, Antarctica is
chnnging. You can't stay overnight, hut you cau visit areas
with wildlif0. SorrH' people think the nwnbcrs of wild
ai wnals and birds arc rlecrnnsing as a result. However,
there is also some positive news. Mnny cruise sh.is are
members of the Tnt ernalioual Association of /\ntarcl ic:a
Tour Oerators (IAATO). They Leach their passengers
nho11t Ant arctica anu its wildlife. Th0 cruise comanies
also give mon0y to nnvirnrnnental organisations in th<'
regiou . These organisations want to hel the natme and
wildlife of /\nt.arcLica so it doesn't change in I hc~ future.
So what sho11ld Tdo? Go tu Antarctica, go som0whPre else
or stay at home?
safari (n) /s;i'fa:ri/ a type of holiday in Africa to look at animals
environmental organisation (n) hn ,v:.1 1r:m 'mc11 tl ,:i:11;inai'ze1Jn/
a group of people who want to help t he natural world

listening choosing a holiday real life making suggestions pronunciation ' " ' /o/ or /u:/

11 d A holiday in South America

1 I low do you choose your holiday ? Which of these
do yo u use?

trnvel books
;i travel website
videos about pl<K<'S
ad vice from family nnd friends
a holiday brochure'

~ 2.32 Two friend s ;i re lalkiug abou t a holiday

in South America. Lis ten lo lheir conversation and

,1nswer the q uestions.
Which of the thin gs in F.xcricse 1 are they
look ing at?
2 Which countries in South America do they
:I Whal type of holiday does lhe other person
suggest at the end?

Real life making suggestions


2.32 Work in pairs. Listen aga in nnd follow the

instructions. Then compare answers.
Student A: Match the lwo halves of the sentences
fur suggesting.
Student H: Match the two hnlves of the sentences
for responding.
1 You should
2 How about
3 Ca n I make
4 Why don't you
5 You could
6 Yes, but
7 But the disadvantage
IS that
8 But the advantage
is that
9 Maybe
10 That's a really

a suggestion?
travel on your own .
go on a tour?
go on that.
visiting the Andes?

you're right.
good idea.
!here are lots of other
people with a bus tour.
I'm interested in the wildlife.
you sec more with a tour

5 Work in pairs. RC'nd aboul these people and

discuss the bes t type of holiday fur each of them.
1 Gary has two weC'ks' holiday lo la ke. He Juves

travelling, but he doC'sn' t like crowded cities.

2 Nigella is a student. She has three months in
lhe summer, but sh<' doesn' t have much money.
3 Dorothy and Prank arc in lheir sixties. They
don't work anymore' ;ind they have lots uf free
lime. They neve r travC'lkd when lhey were

6 Work in pairs. Rule play a convNsn li on. Choose

4 Pronunciation I A!, /u/ or /u:/

one pNso n in Exercise 5.

2.33 T.is ten lo and repeat these VOWC'l smmds:

Ir..!, /of and /u: /.

Student A: You nre the person in Exercise 5. Listen

tu Student B's s uggestion s and respond.
Stud ent B: Suggest n holiday for Student A.

2.34 Maleh these words w ith th<' sound s in

part a. Th<'n lis ten, check and repeat.
could cruise bus you
but love book food


Then change roles, choose a different person and

repeat the role play.

speaking w hat's important in a hotel writing a f eedback form

writing skill closed and ope n quest ions

Unit 11 Tourism

11 e Your feedback

4 Writing skill closed and open questions

1 WhLit is most important for you in il ho trl?

Put this list in on.ler of importance ("I = m ost

important, 8 =nut important).
a good rcstn urnnt
neill" lo thr nirport Lind p ublic transport
comfortJbk rooms
in tern rt foci li tics
fri end ly s tnff
il fihlCSS gym Lind sw imming pool
p lnccs to m eet other people
neilr to th<' bC'Lich or the city centre


2 Work in g roups. CompLirc your answers from

Exercise 1.
I think a good restaurant is more
important than a fitness gym.

I don 't agree. Transport

is more important.

Feedhilck forms and questi01U1aires often use il

m ixh1rC' of closed questions and open q uestions.
We ;rnswcr yes/ no to closed tiuestions a.nd g ive
lon gN Linswcrs to open questions. Read th ese
qu<'stions from holiday feedback forms. Arc they
closed (C) or open tiuestions (O)?
How was your bus tour? 0
Did the tour g uide answer J ll your questions? C
Were all our s taff polite nnd he lpful?
Did you book your holid Jy on line?
How easy was OLU websitr to use?
Did you use the hotel swimming pool and gym?
Would you recomm end this holid LJy to your friends?
What other s uggestions Ciln you m Jkc so we can
impro ve our serv ice?

The feedback form in Exe rcise 3 uses open Jnd closed

question::.. How does ii ask for more comments after
a dosed ques tion?

S Work in pairs. Choose one of the situJtions below.

Writing a feedback form

3 T.ook Jt the frcdback form fur visitor::. to a
h o tr l. J\nswcr the questions.

6 Swap your feed bJck form w ith anoth er p air.

l Do you ever fill in these forms nt hotrls?

2 Which parts uf the hotel does it ask Jhout?
3 How positi ve or negative was the fccdbJck?

Tm Liginc you are the passenger, customer or visi tor.

Write answers on their questiorrnaire.
C.ivc the pair feedback on their form . Was ii easy
to use? Did they write clo::.ed or open questions?

Did you use the fitness gym? Yes 1@

How was your room? (Tick)

very comfortable

Thank you for your visit to our hotel. We hope you enjoyed your stay.
Please spend a few minutes and complete this form. Your feedback
and suggestions are very important for us.

H 0 T E L


Wri le a fccdhLJck form for passen gers at an airport.

Wri le a fccdbLJ ck fo rm for customers at a res taurant.
Wri te a fccdbilck form for visitors a t a spurts centre.

./ quite comfortable

If 'yes', please comment :

not very co mfortable

How helpful were staff? (Tick)

very helpful

quite helpful
./ not very helpful

Comment: One day I teleplto11ed recepl io111111d

nobody answered tlte plto11e. 1 m11g //tree times!

Did you eat in the hotel restaurant?@

/ No

If 'yes', pl ease comment : T/1e wailer w11s11'/ very

polite, but furtunutely, t/1e food was very good.
Overall, did you enjoy your stay? Yes I No
Pl ease comment: Yes u11d nu. Overall, t/1e roo1111111d
tlzr facilities were very guud, b11t the t.tajf werm'/ very
friendly. They need tu be more ltelp/11/ 1111rl polite.

Unit 11 Tourism

Wh0n can the pilgrims rC'turn to Mina?

n w hen the s un rises
b ;:it midday
r w hen the Slm goes down
7 /\t the end uf the jo unwy, w h a t are women
pilgrims called?
;:i Tlajji
b Tlajjah
r The video d oesn't sny.

Before you watch

1 Work in pairs. Look Lit the photo and ren d the
caption. Answer th0 question::;.

1 What r01igion are the pilgrims?

2 WherC' <:1rc they wa lking?

Maleh LhC' religious people (1-3) to their religious

holidays (;:i c).
Mu slims


3 Jews


Chris tmas is on the 25 De<.:ernber.

Hanukkah is ;:i festival uf light.
Eid al-Filr is n holiday at the end of R;:im<:1dan.

After you watch


Complete LhC' text about another relig ious

pilgrimage with these words.

Whi<.:h days are holid<:1ys in your colmlry? Which

uf these days nr<' relig io u s holidays?

Chri stia nity



While you watch

4 Wa tch the video. Complete the senten<.:es with
these words.
the Hajj




Masjid al-Haram


is a city in S<:1udi Arabia.

is a re lig iou s journey ur 'pilgrimage'.
is thC' mosque in the middle of Mecrn.
is a bui lding in the middle of the
is il special city fur pilgrims on the TTajj.
is a religious place for Muslims. Tt is cast
of MC'cc;:i.

Santiago de Compostela is a city in north-western

Spain. It's a 1
city and, in the centre, there
Thousands of people come
is a famous 7
here to j
Their religion is
a lot of them walk on a long journey to the city.
The Christian 5
start their journey in France
or Portugal. There are a lot of different routes to
Santiago de Compostela and the~
can last
weeks or even months. About 200,000 pilgrims
walk there every year.

5 Walch th0 video again. Choose the cor-r<'ct ilnswer

(a-c) for these questions.
Which direction d o Mus lim s pray in?
a towards Mecca
b tuwClfds Minn
<.: towards Arnfot
2 How m an y limes in their life should a Mu slim
visit the Ka;:ib<:1?
a a l leas t o nce
b LwicC'
c Len tim0s
3 What do the pilgrims du at the KflC1hn?
n w;:i lk around it
b w alk inside it
c walk under it
4 Whe re do the pilgrims s lny?
in Me<.:<.:a
b in Mina
c a t Arafat
5 How lung do they sp<'nd at Arafat?
a a day
b a week
<.: a month

7 Group discussion planning a short

documentary video
Work in groups. You are dununenlary film
makers. Discuss a nd plan a short (2-3 minutes)
v ideo documentary about a holiday in your
co untry. Tt can be a religious holiday or LI public
holid ;:iy. Discu ss the following questi ons:


Which holiday is it?

When is il?
Whal happens?
Which parts do you need to film?

8 Give a short presenta tion to the dass uf your plnn

for the documentary.
pilgrim (n) /' prlgrim/ religious traveller
pilgrimage (n) /'pilgrim1d3' a religious journey
pray (v) /prei/ to speak to God at a religious event or privately






Lalk about necessity and possibility

La lk about places, people and things

1 Choose the correct option lo complete the sentem:es.

1 This hotel is terrible. We s'1011/d I :;huuldn't slay
2 She doesn't speak the local language. She
slzo11/d I slio11 /d11 't do a language course before
she gues tu Italy.
3 Yo u slio11/d I s/rould11 '/ rent a car b0cause it's very
4 Sometimes th0 hole ls are full so we s/1011/d I
sl1011/tl11't book a room in advance.

2 Complete the s0ntcnces about a tour g uide's jub

5 Complete the cat0gories with these words.

tour guide

Type uf holida y:

2 Type uf ticket:
3 Something you buy on holiday:

Other people on n holiday:

with lurve tu, don't /1nve to, can or can't.

Twear nice clothes, bu l I
wear a
2 The tourists
s moke on the tour bus, but
they can outside.
3 Al lLU1chtime, I
ea l with the touris ts, but
I don't ha ve to.
4 I
know CV0rything about the city
beca use the touri sts ask a lut uf questions.

3 Write fuur sentenc0s about yuur job or studies. Use

sho11/d 1 slw11/d11 't, /ravf' to, don 't /Ju ve tu, ca11 or cn11 '/.

Then compare your sentences with a partner.

4 Complete the word s in Lhe text with body, L/1i11g ur


6 Match twu words from each bux. Then writ0 the m

in sentences 1-4.






1 My country has three differ0nt

2 You h<Jve lo get a
before you get a
job in the new cu Lmtry.
3 In most countries, cars drive on the right
of the road.
w11C'n yo u pass
4 You can h<Jve a
your test.


talk about tourism

give advice with should or shouldn 't

talk about visiting another country

Real life
7 Match tl1C' suggestions (1-4) with the responses

Space Tourism
There's always 1 some
new to visit on Earth, but
maybe you'd like to do
2 some
different for your next
holiday. 'Spa ce Adventures'
is a space tourism company
and they sent J some
into space ten years ago.
Since then, six more tourists
have travell ed with the
company and hundreds
more tourists have reserved
flights in the future .

1 Huw about goin g on a camping holiday?

2 You should visit lhe beach.
3 Can I make' n s uggestion?
4 Why don't you go hiking in the mountains?
That's a rea lly good id C'Ll. T need some exercise.
b Yes, but l don't like b<Jd wcnther. I prefer
sleeping in a hotel.
c Yes, but the disad vantage is thnt it's very
crowded in the summer.
d Sure. What is it?

8 Work in pairs. Talk about your las t holiday.
Consider these questions.
Where' did you go?
What did you do?
Who did you go with?
How was the nccommodatiun?
Would yo u r0commend this holiday?

Unit 12 The Earth

An Inuit man in the Arctic Circle
Photo by Ira Block

142 Climate change
The latest changes ;ind
predictions in global rainfall
and lempernh1rC's

144 Exploring t he Earth

Go und e r tlw Earth's ocean
w ith filmmake r James
Ca nwron

146 Looking for a new

Astronomers look into
~pace for Exopla1wts and a
new home

150 Volcanoes
The sci<'nCC" and history
of F.arth 's most amazing

1 Wurk in pairs. Com p;in' the two photos. Ho w an~ the places in
each one differenn

2.35 Lislen to ;i documentary about the phutographe1~ lrC1

Hlock, C1nd lh<' two photos. Complete the sentences wi th the
missing numbC'rs.


The Inuit man lives about

ki lometres from the North
The US state uf South CC1rolina is ;ibout
from the ell ua tor.
million years C1go, tlw /\retie Circle probably looked
like South Carolina.
At that lime, the t<'mpernture a t the Arctic was aroLmd
owadays, the avNage temperature in the Arctic Circle is

3 Work in g ro11ps. Answer these questions.

Ts your country nearer tu the Arctic Ci rcle', the Antarctic
Circle or the E<.1uator?
2 Where is it spring or s um.me r <lt thC' moment? Tn the
northern or southern hernisph<'rC'?
3 Ha ve you ever travelled ;icross th<' equator tu the other
hemisphere? Where did you go?

vocabulary measurements reading maps grammar will/won't pronunciation '//

writing and speaking your partner's future

12a Climate change

Vocabulary measurements
1 Miltrh these abbreviations with their definitions ilnd
m<'nnin g.





It measures ...

square metres
degrees Celsius

quantity of water (or liquid)
an amount out of 100

2 CompktC' thC'se facts about the Eilrth with the correct

abbrC'vintion from Exercise l.

rth F

The temperature at the centre of the Earth is about

The North Pole is over 20,000
from the South Pole.


of the Earth's surface is water.
of the Earth is land .
Objects on the Earth weigh less on the Moon. 100
on the Earth is 16.5
on the Moon.
Every day, 914,000,000,000,000
of rain falls on the

one trillion = one million million (1,000,000,000,000)

Which mea~urement do you look ill w h en you ...

buy il car ton of orange juice?
wiltch the weather on TV?
go on a long jo urney?
bu y fruit or vegeta bl es from the m<HkC't?
pny tn x?
build il new hou~e?

lill" WORDBUILDING word forms (2)

Words about measurements often have more than one form:
long (adj) - length (n), high (adj) - height (n}, weigh (v} - weight (n)
For further information and practice. see Workbook page 99.

4 What is the climilte in yom country (hut, cold, wa rm )? Tn
recent yea rs, h as the climiltC' changed? Huw 7

5 Louk at the two maps on pil gC' 143 and read the article.
A nswer these questions for eilrh m;ip.
I Wh;it d oes the map show?
2 Tlow m;in y years is it fur?
3 How doC's it show the cha uge?

6 T.ook at the maps agilin. /\r{' these

sentences true (T) or folsC' (F)?
Milp 1
I ThC' tempera ture in the /\rctir CirclC'
hils d ecreased by 4C.
2 The t<'mpera ture change in the
north<'rrl he misphere is higher thiln
in th<' southern hemisphere.
3 The t<'mperalure in sume p arts of
Antilrrticn has decreased by 2C.
4 Rainfall hils increased in western
Australia ilnd it h;is decreased in
eastern Austrnlin .
5 Rainfall hils incrC'nsed in all of
6 Rainfall hil s dccrcilsed in p arts of
Africa by 15%.

7 What do the maps show nboul

temperature and rilinfall in your
country? ls the informiltion sim ilar lo
yo ur answers in Exercis<' 4?



Climate scienlisls have measured the

lemperature and rain foll on every part of
the Earth over many years. They look at
the changes and predict th e future with
the information. The first map shows
the temperalure uver 30 years. In most
parts of the world, the temperature has
increasc<l by a few degrees an<.l scientists
think il will im.:rease in the future.
The second mnp shows rainfall on lhe
Earth over 30 years. The amount of rain
is very different from region to region .
Ralnfilll has increased in some countries
and scientists think it will increilse In the
future . nut rainfall hns also decreased in
other parts and , in these regions, it won't
increase. It will decrease.
Jn conclusion , the changes in c limate will
continue in the nexl cenlury. The Earth
will feel hotter and rainfall will he higher
for some plilces, hut lower for others .

Unit 12 The Earth


Grammar will/won't

Reorder thC' w ords to make sentences

;ibout the future.

8 Look at the two sentences with will and wu11't (wi/1110/). Choose
the rnrrect op lion in thC' ru !C's ( 1- 3). Then underline more
exa mples of iPill in thC' Llrticlc in Exercise 5.

Sci111tists think i t uil/ imrea~e in lite Ji tl 11re.

f11 these region~, it tvun 't i11crmse.

1 We u se will/wo11'/ lo t;ilk ;ibout thC' pnst I pre~ent I jitfure.

2 We add I don '/ ndd -s lo will with the third person form
(he/~he/i t) .
3 The verb after will is I is11 't thC' infinitive form.

Use will to talk about what we think or know about the future:
llyou/helshelitlwclthey'll (will) feel hotter.
Jlyoulhelshelitlwelthcy won't (will not) feel colder.
Will llyoulhelshelitlwelthey feel colder?

I (don't) t hink+ will

We often use will with I think. For example: I (don't) think it will snow


it I be I hotter in my cow1lry I in
the future I ' 11
increase I the temperature in this
country I in the future I won' t
visit I one day / 1' 11 I A..nl;ircticn I
I think
be I mon~ ice I w ill / i..n the Arctic
Circle I there
the p ercentage of people liv ing in
cities I decrease / will
English I everyone I speak I will
more cars I wu11' t I people I buy
I don 't think I i11crease / the
number ot dry deserts I will

10 Work in p airs. Ma ke the sentences in

Exercise 9 into que::,tion::,. Ask your
partner for his/ her o pinion.

For further informaLion and practice, sec page 169.

Will it be hotter in your

country in the future 7

Yes, it will.

11 Pronunciation '//

2.36 Listen tu six sentences. Do

you hear will or '//?
1 will '11
2 will 'll
3 w ill '11

Surface Temperature Change (' C) 1976 - 2006


--0.5 --0.2


4 will ' II
5 will 'II
h will 'II

2.36 Look nt th e n11dioscript on

p;ige 174_ T.is ten again Lind repeat.


Writing and speaking

Map 1

12 Think abuLtt yo ur partner's fuhire.

Write four sen tences ;ihout:

his/ her future job

his/ her future travel
hi s/ her future home
one other thing in his/ her future

13 Tell your partner your sentences.

Docs your partner think they will
come true?
I think you'll become a
musician in the future.
Percentage Change In Average Annual Precipitation 1976 - 2006

Map 2

- 10





I don't think I will. I can't

play a musical instrument!

reading and vocabulary land and water grammar definite the or no article + names listening a news interview
word focus how speaking guess the famous place

12b Exploring the Earth

Reading and vocabulary
land and water
1 Which is your fovourite plC:1ce on
Earth? Why? Te ll the class.

2 Read tlw article. Answer the question s.

1 Which un<'xplored place is WC:lter?
2 Which u1wxplored places are on
3 Which pl;ice would yo u like to
explore'? Why?

3 Complete this table with words from

thC' i1 rticlc.
areas of water

areas of land



4 Work in pairs. Discuss th e qu es tions.

How tr1C:1ny of these geogr;iphic
places from Exercise 3 arc in (or
near) your country?
2 Which hC:1ve you visited?

Grammar definite the or

no article + names
5 Sometimes WC' use t/11 before n am es

We think humans have travelled everywhere on the Earth. But

here are five places where no human has ever been.

The Black Hole of Andros is on an island in the Bahamas in

the Atlantic Ocean. The hole is 47 metres deep, and the water
is 36 c and very black. Nobody has ever swum in it.
Mount Dinpernalason is east of the Himalayan mountains.
It's 6, 135 metres high so it isn't the highest mountain (Mount
Everest is 8,848 metres) but nobody has ever climbed it.

of places on thC' Earth. Find examples

of the+ these' n;imcs of p laces in the
article in ExNci sc 2.

Lake Vostok in Antarctica is 25 million years old and 14,000

square kilometres. Unfortunately, you can't see the lake
because it's frozen under a glacier.

C:l group of islands (or countries)

The Merume Mountains are at the end of the Mazaruni

River in Guyana. The journey by boat is dangerous so nobody
has explored many of these mountains.

t/11: /311/11111111::;

2 th<' name' of ;i n ocea n

.1 n g roup of mount;iins
4 th<' nam<' of a ri ver

6 WC' c;i n ;ilso use no articl e before som e

The Foja Mountains in Papua New Guinea are 8, 100 square

kilometres of tropi ca l forest. Nobody has ever made a map of
the region.

nanws of pl;ices. Find examples of nu

article + thC's<' names of places.


the name o f a mountain

the n ame of a la ke
the n am e of a co untry
the n;i me of a continent

7 Work in g roups. Think of one more

C'Xa mplc from other places on Earth
fo r C'ach rn tC'gory in Exercises 5 and 6.
Compa re your n<'w lists w ith the class.


Use the with the names ot:

deserts, seas. oceans and rivers: the Gobi desert, the North Sea,

The Pacific Ocean, the River Amazon.

plural names or groups of places: The Alps, The United States of
America, The Maldives.

Use no article with the names of continents. countries, lakes or a single

mountain: Europe, Brazil, Lake Como, Mount Kilimanjaro.
For further information and practice, see page 169.

Unit 12 The Earth

8 Complete lhe lexl w ith the o r 0 (n u article).


~ 2.37 l .isten to the interview

aga in. /\ nswer the questions.

TTow man y kilurnetres is il lo the
bo ttom uf the Mariana Trench?
TTow long was his jo urney lo
the bottom ?
How big was the s ubmarine?
How could Jam es Cam eron sec
nt the bottom uf the trench?
What does he plan to m ake?
Who is Don Walsh?
Where was Dun when Came ron
went duwn?
H ow cu llld Cameron afford to
explore the Mariana Trench?


M ariana Trench is in 2
Pacific Ocean. It's
east of
Mariana Islands and near 4
It's t he deepest place on the Earth. No one has ever
travelled to the bottom of the Mariana Trench, until
now. The fi lm director James Cameron usually works in
Hollywood in 5
United States. Many of his films
are famou s, including Titanic (1997) and Avatar (2009).
But Cameron is also a National Geographic explorer and
Sea of Cortez
has made a documentary about 6
betw een Cal ifornia and 7 -Mexico. More recently,
he has travelled down the Mariana Trench in a one-man
submarine with 3D film cameras .




Word focus how

11 We o fte n ask qu <'sti ons with
How ... ? Mntch thC'sc questio ns
from the lis tenin g ( I 6) w ith the
uses (a-f).

TTow big is it?

Tlow w ell could he see?
TTow old is he?
TTow long did the journey take?
Tlow much did lames Cam eron
spend on this?
6 H ow d id he trav el there?


ask a bo ut qua ntity and price'

ask a bo ut period of tim e
ask a bo ut ability
ask a bo ut age
ask abo ut U1e way some th ing
ask abo ut size

12 Write d uwn the nc1mes of three
fa mu us places yo u have v isitcd on
Earth. Use these ca lcgorics.


2.37 T.istrn toil news interview a buut Ja mes Cameron and th e

Ma ri a na TrC'nch. N umber these tup i<.:s in the urder they men li on
th em ("1- 5).
the size uf the s L1bmarine
b the d istarn.:e and time lo reach th e bo ttom of the Ma rinna Trench
c nnother explorer
d film ing the Mariana french
c the cost

Ca t<'gory /\ : il mountain, forest,

jungle, d esert or island
Ciltegory B: an ocean, sea, river
o r lnke
Ca tegory C: a city, CULuttry ur
continen t

13 Work in pairs. 'ltd! yo ur partne r the

ca tegory (but no l the p lace). Yo u
are guing tu g uess yo ur pa rtner's
place. 'lake turns lo ask each oth er
questions w ith How.
How far/near is the place from here?
How do you travel there?

speaking a future home reading a new home in space vocabulary the Earth and other planets
critica l thinking structuring an argument speaking life on another planet

---12c Looking for a new Earth

1 Wurk in groups. In the future, du yuu
thi11k humans will live in tbese pl<H.:es?
Answer in three ways (A, B or C) and
g ive reasons.
under the ocean
on the Moon
in the sky
near the Sun

A Yes, definitely!
B Possibly, but l'm not surr.

u, never!

2 LJu you think we wil l live ;rnywhere else

in the future?

Vocabulary the Earth and other

4 Mntch these pairs uf words from the Mtide lo the correct
dC'finilion (a orb).
1 astronomC'rs I explorers
a somco1w who travels tu and studies new plncC's
b someo1w who studies new ple1ces in space
2 planet I sta r
a large round of object of burning gas in spJcC'
(e.g. tlw sun)
b large round object in spe1ce made of rock Jnd mC'tnl
or gJs
3 to trJvel I to orbit
a to go round i1 planet ur star
b to go on ;i journey from une place to another
4 surfocc I rock
a the o utsidr or top part of something (e.g. the ground
on the EJrth or CJ planet)
b solid pJrt of the Earth or a ple111et

Critical thinking structuring an

5 Writers use the words and phrases (1-5) to structurC' thC'ir
Jrgunwn ts. Find these wurds in the article. Then mJtch them
w ith their purpose (a-e).
1 First oL:il l
2 More importnntly
3 Unfortunatrly
4 However
5 ThJt's bC'CilUSe

add informe1tion

b introduce be1d news

c give <:1 re<1son

d introduce your first point
e introduce <1n opposite idea

6 Whi1t's your opinion e1bout finding a new farth? ls it

3 Read the article on pJgc 1-+7. J\dd
the sentences (a- d) to the end of rnch
a As a res ult they <1re tou hot and gJssy
or loo cold e1nd icy tur human life.
b With c urrent spe1ce technology,
humnns will Lake 766,000 yee1rs tu
hnvd the re.
c J\nd w hilt wi ll i1 new Earth look like?
d So if wJter isn' t on the s urface of
the plJnct, it's somehmes Lmder the

importC1nt? ls life on the Ee1rth and life on other plnncts too

different ? Complete these sentences, then tell your pJrtner.
ln my opinion ...
l think ...
l don' t think ...

7 Write J s hort pnrn g rnph about yum upi11iun in Exercise 6.

Use sonw of the word s and phr ases in Exercise 5 to structure
your argument. Begin you r pnrng raph with: Scic11/ isl s ore
lvaki11g fu r 11 new [nrt/1. 111 111y n11i11io11 ...

Unit 12 The Earth


For tho usan<ls of years, hu1ua ns have expl ored 1h<' Eil nh .
Nowa<lays, we are a l u 1ing space. Astrnn o mC'rs il rC' th e>
mo<lern-<lay explu 1t'1S. Currenll y, mil ny ilStrono mers are
Juuk i11g fut new planets a nd nrw pl ilCC'S fo r humans to
liVt' in Lhe future. Ru! wh r rC' clo ristrono m ers start looking?

produce air fo r humans to brealhe a11 <l luud tu t'at. So

all life o n o ther planets will 11ee<l wa tt:r a11d a i1. Rock o n
a planet is a lso impo rtant. Thal's bt'cause the re is n ft cn
water un<ler Lite rucks.

rirst of all, astro110 111ers luuk fu1 a sta r. That's hecri11sr 011r
own Earth o rbits a s tar (Ute Sun) . More impo rlilntly, it is
the correct <lisla11Lt' f1 u 111 the Sun fo r heil t ;i ncl light . So
whe11 ast1 u 11u111t'1S have fo und 1hr stri r, th <'y look at th e
l a11t:Ls a1u und it. In recent yril rs, ristrono mers have found
11t"a1ly 400 nnv pla nf'ts with strirs. lln fo rtunately, many of
U11:-se planets arc cithf'r too nC'rir to th e star o r too far away.


I lowever, if the J ane t is i11 a guud positi o n, astrnno mr rs

look for tliree key L11i11gs: wate1, a ir a nd rnrk. Wil trr is
irnutt a n t bt'ca use all life nC'rds wri tC'r. Humans ran drink
it and th ey ca n also grow pl ri nt s with water. And plants

Aft c>r many years o f looking, astronomers have lu und

pl anet that is simi lar to Earth . It's C liese 58lg a11d
it's near a star. The astrono mers think iLhas water a nd
rock and the average temperature is between -31 C a ncl
- 11 C. That's col<l, but uul colder Uia n Anta rct ira or
the Arctic Circle, lor exa ml e. Gliese 58 1g is higgf'r th ;in
the Earth a11J a year u 11 C liese 581g is o nly 17 E;i nh d;iys
instea<l uf 365. But astronomers d o no t th in k th rsc> ;ire
big differences a11J sum e uf th em thi nk C:l iC'Sf' 'iR I g wi ll
be a 11ew EarL11. Huwt've1, C li ese 5Rlg is tw<'nty li ght years
lru 111 Ea1th - a d ista nre n f 1R 1riII io n km.

read ing an important day real life making a present at ion pronunciation pausing on commas

12d Earth Day

1 Read about Earth Dny. Answer the
ll uestions.

What do people do on F.nrth Day?

When and where wcis th C' first Earth
Why did people' go to it?

Real life making a

2 '.f 2.38 Listen to a presentcition by il
university s tudent. Choose the corrC'ct
ending (a orb) to complete the sC'ntC'nces,
nccord ing lo his presentation. In two
c;('ntences, both endings are correct.
Dcivi is from
a f3rn7il
b tll<' USA
TT<' tcilks nhout Earth Day in the
a pilst
b pr<'SC'n t
P<'opk in China planted 600,000
b tt'C'C'S
Tn f3rnzil, pC'ople picked up rubbish in
a citiC'S
b countryside
Davi thinks F.nrth Day is
ci importilnt
b fun


April 22nd is Earlh Day. Por one dny every year, people in
different countries help Lhe Earl.h. for example, they dean
parks, pi<.:k up rubbish or pl11nt trees. The firsl Earl.h Day was
on April 22, 1970 in t11e USA. Over 20 million people went
Lo an Earth Day in their dry. There were pulitidans, teachers,
artis1.s and musicians. As on<.> person said, 'We had fun , buL

we also wanted to help Lhe Earlh and the environment:

4 Pronunciation pausing on commas

a '.f 2.39

Listen tu and repeat these senten ces from il

prC'senlalion. otice how the spea ker pauses on comm<:1s.
ThC'n lis ten again and repeat.

2.38 T.istC'n rigain. Complete these

s C'ntC'nccs from the presentation.

1 Todci y, T'd like lo talk about my company.

2 Pirst of nil , we s tarted the company i.n 1999.
3 Tn conclusion, T think it' s very important.


Good morning, and

coming .

My name's Davi, and '

Today, '
important day.


Read S<'nt<'nCC'S l-7 in Exercise 3 and practise pausing on

a commci.

Prq>ar<' a s hort presentation. Choose one of these topics

and fo llow thC' instructions (1-4).

. Brazil.
to talk about an

all, Earth Day began on April

22nd in 1970.
. more than 175 countries have an
Earth Day.
, in my country lots of people
And 6
picked up rubbish in the cities and in the
. I really think Earth Day is
Thank you very much 8 _ _

yum local club or organisation

an important d ay in the year
yo ur company ur place of s tudy
something yo u think is important


introduce yours<'lf nnd yo ur s ubject

talk about its his tory
talk about now
say why you like it or why you think it's important

Work in groups and g iv<' your prC'senlCllio ns .

w riting a poster writing skill important words and information

Unit 12 The Earth

12e Planning an event

Writing a poster
1 Look al the pos te r for F.nrth D;:iy. Where do people
n orm ally pul posters? Wh;:it ;:ire the best p laces su people
can see Cl pos ter?

3 Writing skill important words and


Newnrnrket Environmental and Conservation Group

aii1H Day
Plant 100
trees ar-ound
town centre

1 !Everyone is

celeb1a1ion a l

etc.nm to our !Ear Del'

wmnrke ark on

Ap_ri12 2.
2 We are going lo pfon "IOO trees nroun
~ew;nar el lowncentr .

Theatt"e, music
and at"t by local
per-f'or-mer-s and

Underline the key words and informntion

in these sentences. Then compa re your
ideas with the poster.

about how to help
the environ"'ent


Shops selling environn.entally

fr-iendly products

Hot and cold f'ood

We don ' t normally write fu ll senten ces

on pos ters, notices and ad verts. Look ol
the hi g hlighted words in these sentences.
Th ey ;:ire the words and information on
the poster. Which words doeo the writer
u se on the poster? Which kind of words
d oesn't the w riter u se?

Th e re wi ll h C' present;:i tions about how

to h elp th0 01wironment.
You cn n wJtch theatre, listen to music
nnd look nt ;:irt by loca l performers and
il rtists.
Shops ;:ire going to be se lling
erwironmentJ lly-fri endly products.
You cJ n ;:i)so buy h o t a nd cold food.
Entrance to the event is free.
Visit ou r website at NECG.org/
cJrthday for more information.

4 Work in groups. You are going tu d esign

a poster for an Earth Day in yuur town or
city. Look at this list uf activities that many
people do un Earth Day. Discuss each
activity and ch oose une.

T.ook ;:it th0 pos te r. Which of the following questions dues

it nnswC'r?

Who is organising it?

Wha t is it?
What d att' is il on?
What activities Clfe the re?
ls there car parking or tr<.msport?
Where is il?
Whilt tim e docs it stnrt ;:ind end?
How much does it cost?
W11y is it hnpp<'ning?
Wl1i1t c;:in you buy?
Ts th0r0 food ;:ind drink?
W11erc c;:in you read more information?

plant lots of trees in the city centre

pick up plcistic bngs nnd rubbi sh in the
h nve n party in the p;:irk w ith loca l
m us1C'1LJns
se ll energy efficient light bulbs to local
p eople
visi t local schools and talk tu schuul
children about Earth Day
your own idea

Prepare and design a pu~ter for yo ur Earth

Day. l nclude sume ur all the information li1
Exercise 2. Use ohurt senten ces.

Put your posters un the wall li1 yo ur

classruum. Luuk at the posters by o ther
groups. Uo they li1clude oll lhe important
information? U o they use short sente nces?

Before you watch

After you watch

1 Work in pairs. Look al the photo of a vo lrnno and

7 Com p lete the text about Mount Vesuvius with

read the caption. Follow thC' instructions.

these words.

1 Write three words to describe it.

2 Compare your words with other ::.luden ts in
your clC1ss.

active e ruption lava

tectonic plates volcano


2 lJbcuss the quC'stions as a class.

/\ re the re any vokanue::. in you r country? Are
they Jcti ve?
2 Tfovc you ever seen a volcano?

While you watch


Watch the video. Number these things in the ordrr

yo u see them ( I 7).

the F.Jrth from space

n map of the Ring uf fire
L1 group of tourist::.
a volcano in the middle of the srn
a pictu re ut MoLm l Vesuvius nnd Pom peii
a diagram of the inside of a volcano
an animal

Mount Vesuvius is a famous 1

in southern
Italy, near the city of Naples. Vesuvius began because
the two 1 _
of Africa and Europe meet in this
region. Nowadays, it's still an J
volcano, but
there hasn't been an 4
for many years. Visitors
can see where the 5
ran down the sides of the
mountain in the past, but now trees and vineyards
grow here. No one knows if Vesuvius will erupt in
the future, but there is still hot 6
under the
mountain so it's always possible.

4 Watch the video again. Maleh thrsr names and

words (1-8) w ith the descriptions (a h).

1 mountains of firr
'the Ring of Firr'
3 tectonic pla IC's
-! magma



5 lava
6 Kila u ea
7 Vesuviu s
8 Pompeii

the s u rface of the Earth are made of thrsr lnrgc

pieces of rock
L1 name for vukanue::. in the pnst
volcanoes around the PC1ci fie oc0nn
a volcano in Hawc1ii
a famo us and tfange rous volcJno in hi story
thb hut rock melts undC'r th e ground where the
tectonic plc1 lrs lll<'<'t
a volcano h u ri<'d this city two thousand years
mag mC1 ;it tlw su rfoce of the Earth

8 Group presentation a presentation about

Work in groups. Prepare a group prescntntion
Jbout volcanoe:.. You can use information from
the video and from other pli1CC'S (0.g . the Tnternet).
Your presentation should includ0 the following:
Volc;H100s on the Earth today (w here most of
Hwm nr0)
2 The sci<'nce of L1 volcano (why and how it's


3 Some examples of active volcanoes you cnn

v is it
4 Why volcanoes are dangerous
5 Why we need volcanoes

5 Wil lch lhr video JgJin. Are these sentences Lrne (T)
or fa lsr (F)?


Volcan oes are openings in the surfocc of the

There are 1,500 active voknno<'s Jround the
Pacific Ocean.
Tectonic plc1tes ClrC' moving Li ll the time.
"lourists cannot go near Kil auea because it'::.
Two lhousnnd p<'oplc died in Pompeii.
Volca noes J lways destroy life.

Al the r ncl of the video, the narrator says

volcC1no0s nrc importan t for life. What are the
r0nsons ?

Work with another group. Take tu ms to give your

presenta tions.

How simililr or different were the

Did you knrn som ething new abullt volcanoes
from th<' other group?

active (volcano) (adj) /'rekt1v/ a volcano that can produce lava

at any time
eruption (n) /1'1Ap.fn/ w hen lava comes out of the top of a






5 Complete the 4uestions about Easler lslarn.l with

G rammar

these words. Then find the i1nswers in the text.

1 Complete the conversations with '//, will or wn11 'I .

/\: Tthink we
B: No, we 2

live on the Moon in the


A: ln some pnrts of the world it "'

this yea r.
1::1: "
dC'serts ge l larger?
A: Yes, they 7


2 Write thr or 0 (no article) for these plnces.

Polynesinn Tslnnds
Atlantic Ocenn
Atlas Mounti1ins
Yangtze River
Mount Kilimi1njC1ro
United /\rnb F.mirntes
Gobi Dese rt
Polynesinn Tslnnds
Arctic Cirek






1 Tlow
2 Tlow
3 How
4 How

. lt's impossible.

thC' F.nrlh get warmer?
Yes, Tthink it ~



3 ln the future, where would you like to visi t on the

Earth? Write you r top llu-ee destinations. Then
compare your list with a partner.

1 I'm from Poland and my family ;:ilways spends

the summe r by the l::laltic Ocean I Sea.
2 The T11kr I River Plate is between /\rgentinn and
3 Greenland is the largest fo rest I island in thC'
world .
4 We all think they are cold places, but the /\retie
and the Ant;irclic are also deserts I mountains.

7 Work in pnirs. Which of the eight areas of land and

water in ExNcise 6 do you have in your country?
Tell you r pnrh1cr.

use abbreviations
talk about large areas of land and water

Real life
8 Delete the ex tra word in each sentence from a

make predictions with will


4 Complete the text with these abbreviations.



km 2

is Easter Island?
is the c.:lirnate?
is the largest Maoi?
people live on the isb nd?





6 Choose the correct option to complete these


use the definite article or no article with places


Good morning yen, and thank you fur corning.

My name's Eva, i1nd T'm from the Germany.
Today, I'm am going to talk about my company.
first of all, the compi1ny h;is began in 1%5.
ln conclusion, l think the company will to g row
in the future.
6 Thank you very much for you r listening.

make a presentalion

Easter Island is in the south-enstern Pacific

Ocean and its area is 163 '
. The climate is
warm with an average temperature of about 20
. The island is famous for 887 statues called
Maui. The largest Mnoi weighs 74,389 3 . and
it's 9.8 4
tall. 3,790 people live on the island.
GO 5
of the population are Rapanui. The
ancestors of this people built the Maui.

9 You have rcnched the end of the book! Work in
groups and preparC' n qui7. about fact s in Liji?.
Louk at each unit nnd w rite one question about the
information in it.

10 Work with another group nnd ask your twelve

questions. Which group answered the mos t
questions corre<.:tly?

Communication activit ies




Unit 11 a Exercise 2, page 130

Unit 3b Exercise 12, page 37

Student A

What do your answers mean?

Tourist A: You don't have much spa re time so your
holidays last a week or two weeks. Your favourite
holidays are going on cruises or bus tours. You like
taking lots of clothes and staying in comfortable
hotels. You usually travel with groups of people.
Tourist B: You go on long holidays (a month or
more) and you don't like planning them . Your
favourite holidays arc backpacking or hiking. You
enjoy meeting local people, eating local food and
staying at small hotels or camping . You usually
travel on your own or with one other friend .

Write questions abou t Joel with these pron1pts.

1 Who I work for?


Where I work?
Does I speak En glish?
Wl1ilt tinw I start work?

Ask Student T3 your questions and compkte the

fac t file.
Name: Joel Sartore
Job: Photographer


Home: Lincoln , Nebraska

Place of work:

Children: He has three children.

Unit Ga Exercise 9, page 71

Language: a
Normal working day: From

Student A



he born?
he 1-'rench?
he from?
Arthur ilncl his wife musicial\s?
How long
they married?
his music very popular?
there concerts of his music?

Answer Student n's questions.


Unit Sa Exercise 4, page 58

Ask your question s <md complete the text.

his music all over 7

20 Franc note.

o'clock to

six o'clock

CompktC' the questiol\S about Arthur l Ton egger

with 7Pns or were.

Arthur Honegger was born in

in 1892 but he
wasn't 2
He was from
. Arthur and his
wife were 4
. He was
a composer and she was a
pianist. They were married for
. At first, Honegger's
music wasn't popular, but by
there were concerts of
. His face is on the Swiss

Answer Student B' s ques ti ons about this person.

pizza - Italy

ceviche - Peru

satay - Indonesia

kabsa - Saudi Arabia

pierogi - Poland

curry - India

lchiyo Higuchi was Japanese.

She was born in 1872. There
were five people in her family.
Her father was a businessman,
but they weren't rich. She was
a writer and her books were
very popular. Her face is on
the 5000 yen note.


Communication activities

- - -Unit 10b Exercise 2, page 120

Unit Sa Exercise 11, page 59

Student A

Student A

Memorising nam es and faces

Do you often forg et names and faces? When you meet
someone for t he first ti me, listen to them . Repeat their
name and use it in the conversation. For exa mple, 'It's
nice t o m eet you, Elaine.' Look at their face and the
clothes they wear. Introduce them t o another person
and make conversation. With new w ork col leagues,
write down their name, thei r j ob and w here you m et
them .

You have a rC'cipe for mushroom pi 7.za .

You h ave:
lwo to ma toes
flu u r
u11e pota to

YoL1 need:
a n union
mush rooms
another tomnto
olive oil

1 find out w hnl food you and your pn rtne r have.

Ask and answer.

Unit 2d Exercise 7, page 28

Do you have an onion?

Yes, I do. I have six.

Stude nt A
1 Yo u <ire' the c ustornt!r. You 'd like a small T-shirt.

Do you have any mushrooms?

No, I don 't.

Ask fo rd i fferent culuurs and si7.es. Ask abuut the


ow you art! tht! s hop ass is ta nt. Small bags arC'
$ 11 .30 and the large ba gs nre $llJ.70.

Unit 3b Exercise 12, page 37

Student B
1 Write q uestions abou t JoC'l with these prom p ts.
Whnt I d o?
2 Where I live?
3 Doe's I have children?
4 W11nt ti me I finish wurk?

An swe r Student A's questi ons.

W h a t d u you need to buy?

Unit 1c Exercise 7, page 14

Student A
How many pea pie (live/w ork/
have/speak /use) .. . 7



47 mil lion

Company: National Geographic magazine


Place o f work: All over the world

Children: 3
Language: English
Normal working day: From nine o'clock to

3 As k Stu dC'nt A yo ur questions an d compkte the

fac t fil e.

Unit 6a Exercise 2, page 70

(.tulla r - Ca n;:id a
euro - fra nce
franc - Switze rl;:i nd
pe!:>u - Mexico
po u nd - Egy p t


mobile phones

30 million

Unit 2b Exercise 11, page 25

Job: ,

70 %

banks, et c.)

the Internet
Name: Joel Sartore



a service indust ry (hotels,


renminbi - C hina
riya l - Sau d i J\ rabi;:i
ro uble - Russia
rupee - Pakistan
yen - Japan

Drnw six items of furn iture' in the firs t room. Then

d C'sc ribe yo ur room to you r pn rh1er. Draw yo m
p;:i rh1e r's room in the second room . Afterward s,
compC1 re yo ur rooms.

Communication activities

Unit Ga Exercise 9, page 71

Student B

Unit 7a Exercise 11, page 83

Student A

1 Complete the c.iuestions about Tchiyo Higuchi w ith

was o r were.

1 What na tiona lity

sh e?
2 When
she born?
in her fam il y?
3 H ow ma ny people
4 Wha l
her fa ther 's job?
they rich ?
her job?
her books popi.tlar?

2 Answer Student A's q uestion~ a bo ut th is person .

Arthur Honegger was born
in Paris in 1892, but he
wasn't French. He was from
Switzerland. Arthur and his
wife were musicians. He was
a composer and she was a
pianist. They were married for
29 years. At first, Honegger's
music wasn't popular, but by
the nineteen twenties there
were concerts of his music all over Europe. His face
is on the Swiss 20 Franc note.

Read abo ut the jo urney. Make c.1ues tions in the past

simple with the questi on words. Then take tu rns to
ask your partne r you r q uesti ons and co mp lete the
Peter McBride, Mark Rebholz and John LaNoue are
modern pilots. They flew from England to Cape
{when?) . Their aeroplane was from
Town in '
the 1920s and very similar to the Silver Queen. They
took off from England. They arrived i n ~
(where?) three weeks later. They couldn't fly over
(w hich
parts of Africa so they flew over 5
sea?) and they arrived in Saudi Arab ia. Their plan e
had mechanical pro blems at Mount Kilimanjaro
because of 7
(why?). But they fixed the plane
and they landed in Cape Tow n. They flew 5,600
kilometres, but they didn't receive any money! Th ey
just wanted t o relive th e past.

Unit 7d Exercise 8, page 88

3 Ask your c.1uestions and complete the tex t.

lchiyo Higuchi was 1
She was born in L
There were 3
people in
her family. Her father was a
, but they 5
rich . She was a 6 .....-.. . - and
her books 7
popular. Her face is on the
5000 yen note.


Unit 2d Exercise 7, page 28

Student B
1 You il re the shop assis tant. The T-shirts a re all
mediu m or large. There are n' t ilny small T-shirts.
The re are lots of different colours. The price is
$7.50 (medium ) and $8.50 (b rge).

2 Now you are th e custom er. You 'd like a bag. Ask
for different colo urs a nd sizes. As k about the price.

Unit 7c Exercise 9, page 86

l Mercury
2 Venus
3 Neptune

4 Earth
5 Venus

Unit 10b Exercise 2, page 120

Student B
Memorising numbers
Do you often forget new numbers? For example a
t elephon e number, a house number or a PIN number.
Some people 'see' th e number in thei r brain. Maybe the
numbers are in col our or they see the numbers like a
picture . You can also repeat the number a f ew ti mes or
learn the numbers in groups. So you remember t he f irst
two numbers because it's your age. And the next three
numbers is the house number of a friend. We remember
better when w e make it personal.



Communication activities

Unit 1c Exercise 7. page 14

Student B

Student B

How many people (live/work/

have/speak/ use) ... ?


popul ation




a service industry (hotels,

banks, etc.)
mo bile pho nes


t he Internet


Unit Sa Exercise 11. page 59

Stud ent B
You have a recipe for piC'rog i.
You hnvC':
s ix oni ons
so me tomi1 toes
mcn t
o li ve o il

Unit 7a Exercise 11, page 83

You need:
a potnto
mu shrooms

1 Pind out w ha t fuud you nnd your partner have.

As k i1nd answer.
Do you have a potato?

Do you have any butter?

Yes, I do.

Rend i1ho u t the jou rney. Milke q uestions in the pnst

s im p le' w ith the question words. l'hen take turns to
ask your partr1er your q ues tions and com p lete' thC' tex t.
Peter McBride, Mark Rebhol z and John LaNo ue are
modern pilots. They f lew from England to Cape
To w n in 1999. Their aerop lane was from the 1920s
and very simi lar to the Si lver Queen. They took
off from L
(where?). They arrived in Egypt
(when?). They couldn't fly over parts of
Africa so they f lew over the Red Sea and arrived in
Saudi A rabia. Their plane had mechani cal problems
(where?) because of t he stro ng wind. But
at 6
t hey fixed the plane and they landed in Cape Town .
(how many kilometres?) but
They flew 8
t hey didn't receive any money! They just wanted to
relive the past.

Unit 10b Exercise 2. page 120

Student C
Memorising directions and addresses
Taxi d rivers learn hundreds of roads and addresses. How
do they do it? Some people see the directions in their
head. They see a picture of the roads or the buildings.
Other people repeat the names of the roads, o r the
direct ions. For example, 'Turn left at the end, turn right
at the cinema .' You can also draw the direct ions o n
paper. W hen you draw, use different colo urs - t he bra in
remembers more when it sees colour.

No, I don't.

Unit 6d Exercise 1. page 76

2 Wha t d u you neC'd to b uy?

World Wildlife Fund : Tt lw lps i1 ni mals in the w ild a nd

works on conservation ;rnd C'nv ironmental projects.
Save the Chi ldren : ll hel ps children nrou nd the world
in both emNgency situa tions an d in long-tN m relieL
The l{ed Cross nnd the Red Crescent: lt g ives food
and med icine to pC'ople in w a rs.

Unit 8d Exercise 6,
page 100
Discuss thC'SC' things.
The subjC'rt o ( the photo
Loca tion o f pC'opiC' ,rnd
l'he people (their
a ppeara nce and w hnt they
are doing or wearing)
Yo ur o pinio11 o f the p hoto

~ L ilr


Grammar summary


Possessive 's

be (am/is/are)




I am (I'm) 32.

I am not (I'm not) Sam.

You/we/they are (you're/

we're/they're) Mexican.

You/we/they are not (aren't)


He/she/it is (he's/she's/it's)
from China .

He/she/it is not (isn't) from

the USA.


Short answers

Am I in this cl.:iss?

Yes, I am. I No, I'm not.

Are you/we/they the same


Yes, you/we/they are. I

No, you/we/they aren't.

Is he/she/it from Canada?

Yes, he/she/it is. I

No, he/\he/it isn't.

We use short fo rm <; (/'111, I !e's, They aren't) in everyday
Eng lish (spe,1kin g i1nd informal writing). We use full
furms (111111, Ht' is, Tlwy nre nut) in formal writing.

We Ci1n i1lso use the negati ve cuntrncled forms 's not

and ',.,,not.
Ht' isn't n student. He's nut 11 s/11dc11/ .
Tlwy nre11't Turkish. T/1ey're not T11rkisli .
We use full furrns in ques tions i1nd in affirmative
short answers.
A: ls /u: fro111 I lie Nc llit'fln11ds?
H: Yes, lie is. (nol )4" ~. !11 .~ .)

Pra ctice
1 Co mpkte tllC' conversations with the correct form
of th e VC'rb hf'.
1 A: /\ rC' you Amelie?
n: o, T
. M y mune
2 /\:
you German?
B: Yes, we
from ncrlin i1nd
frum Bonn .
3 A:
Jaime from Bolivii1?
B: Yes, he
4 A: Huw uld
1:3: He
eigh Lee n.
you s ltH-lC'nts?
5 A:
1:1: Yes, we
6 A:
PC'tri1 ma rricd?
o, sllC'
. She
7 A: W hat
your job?
n: T
a scientist.
8 /\: Ra nulph foiennes
an Americcin
B: No, he
. He
British .

We add 's tu a person lo Li11k i1hout rela tives and

Simon's brut/1er (not lht b1olltf'1 ~f Simon )
Lnum nm/ Ben 's p11re11/s
Rica rdo's !:>lln1t1111e

Olga's te11c/1er


2 Add 's to the correct word in the sentences aboLtl

the explorer~ Ranulph FiC'nnes.
1 Ranulph 's surname is Fiennes.
2 His second wife name is Louise.
3 LouisC' s on is Alexander.
-l A IC'xi1ndcr is Ranulph stepson.
5 Rnnulph daughter is Eliz.abeth.
6 ThC' nctors Joseph and Ralph are Ramilph
distant cousins.

Possessive adjectives
Form and use
We also use possessive adjectivC's (111y, your, t/1eir, etc.)
to talk about relatives and possC'ssion s.



My wife is Slovakian.



What's your address?



His name is Didier.



What's her surname?



France is famous for its cheese.



Our daughter's a teacher.



Where is your farm?



Their parents are Chilean.

PossC'ssivc adjectives have gut une form for sing11lnr

i1nd plural.
our pnrents (nut u11rs p111enl~)
Hi!:> rneans 'of a inan ' i1nd lll'r mea ns 'of a woman'.
l'eler 1111d /1is w~ff' (not Prte1 t111ti hc1 wife)
S11m/11111d lier stt'pfnt/l('r (not 5nrah anti hi!:>~$ft f'fi1thc1)

Don ' t confuse its (possessive) and it' s (il is).

Tt 's n bigfnm1. its 1111111e is Wood J-"11r111.


3 Complete the sentences with i1 possessive

name's Tatiana. She's from Moscow.
Tk 's a scientist and
wife is a
::l You're in room 6 and
teacher is Stewnrt.
4 We're Australian, but
pcirents i1rC' British .
5 I'm Megan and this is
huslxind, Jamie.
6 My parents are Spanish.
ni1mC's arc Clara
and Paco.



Grammar summary


Plural nouns


Spelling rule



add -s



add -es to nouns ending in -ch,- sh.

-s, - ss and -x



change nouns ending in consonant

+ -y to -ies



change nouns e nding in -fto ves

We u s<' tltis and t/1ese to talk nbout thi ngs and people
that ar<' near us.
We u sc tltnt and tl1o~e tu talk about things and people
that arc not near us.
We c;i n use this, th11t, these and those with or without

This coffct' is cold.

Thrse gloves ore very sninll.
That 's Mo111 1t e verest in the distance.
Are tlinsc your boots uver there?

2 Comple te the sentences w ith this or tlwse.
Tit is
cam era is Japanese.
2 A: J\rC'
your keys?
B: No, thcy're Jack's keys.
map's not very good.
pho tos are incredible!
5 A : Is
yo ur mubile phone?
B: Oh, yes, it is. Thanks.

Sume nouns have irrf'gt il;ir plurals:


111 en

il'0/ 111111


pcrso11 peuple
c/1ild chiltlre11


We normally etdd -s tu make p lurnl now1s:

11 11111p.
T/1cy're 11111ps.
ft '-;

WC' don't 11se nor 1111 with plural nouns.

Tlll'y'rr rli111bers. (not +ltefre 11 c:limb~.)

1 Writf' the p lura ls.


p lnnt
fam ily
g love

Complete the sentences w ith tltat or t!tose.

/\: Wha t's
Tl: Tl's a C0111pdSS.
are uur bags over thNC'.
'.) /\: Are
boots new?
Tl: Yes, they are.
4 /\: Ts
" pen?
Tl: No, it's a smetll torch.
people are from Chinn.

there is I there are





t his



a rug.

There are two



There is ('s)


There is not (isn 't)

a table.

There are not

(aren't) any beds.


Is there a TV?

Are there any

books ?

Short answers

Yes, there is. I

No, there isn't.

Yes, there are. I

No, there aren 't.

this, that, these, those



We use there is I tlzrrr arc lo say that som ething exis ts.
We often use them to d esc ribe places.
t hose

T/1ere 11re two sofas in 111y livi11g roo111.

We use therr's , there is11'/ and t/1ere aren't in everyday
English (speakin g nnd i.nformal writing) .
We us<' any before a p lum ! noun in negative sentences
a nd ques ti on s .
There aren't any pictures 011 t/1e walls.
Don ' t con fu se Tltat' is and There are w ith lt is and

Tiley arr.
Therr's a rug 011 t/1ej7oor. it's flersi1111.

Grammar summary

4 Complete the conversi1 tions with

1 A: Are there i1 ny plnnts in the living ruum?

B: Yes, there
i1 bi g one in front uf the
2 A:
there ;i torch in your bag?
B: No, th ere
, but there
a torch
app on my mobile phone.
3 A:
th er<' ;:m y pictures on the wall?
8 : Yes, ther<'
two or three. There
i1 very nice Picasso one.
-! A:
tllC'rc a d esk in the bedroom ?
B: No, sorry, there
5 A:
tllC're any carpets in the li ving room?
R: o, tllC're
, but there
ci bi g rn g.

Prepositions of place
The cum p11 ter is un Ilie desk.
The buuk i~ under Ilie lied.
The kitche11 i~ next lo Ilic sitting ron111.
The keys 11re in Ilic drawer.




nexl lo


Present simple (//you/we/they)



I live here.

I don't (do not) live here.

You live here.

You don't (do not) live here.

We live here.

We do n't (do not ) live here.

They live here.

They don't (do not) live here.

don 't = do + not


Short answers

Do I like ci ty life?

Yes, I do. I No, I don't .

Do you like city life?

Yes, you do. I No, you don't .

Do we like city life ?

Yes. we do. I No, we don't .

Do they like city life?

Yes, they do. I No, they don't .

Wh - questions


is, 's, 11re, is11 ' / or

under in front of









on the left

in thP. miudle

on the right

opposit e

We use prepositio ns uf place lo d escribe whu<' people
<lnd th ings are.

ln shurt answers, we use dn or dnn 't. We don' t use the

full verb.
Uo you live i11 Ilic cit y ce11trr? Yrs 1dn. (not ffl-;-/ live.)
Wl1- questions s t<lrt w ith a ques tion w ord, e.g. Wl1erc,
W/i11 /1 Wl111t ti1111', Wlw.

Wliere's the u111/Jrel/11 ? It's 11ext lo Ilic door.


5 Comple te the sente nces with thC'sc prepositions.

WC' use the present simple tu talk about:

permanent situ ations: We live i11 Oslo.
general facts : 7,UUU,UUU people live i11 Rngntn.
routines: 1 go to work l1y tmi11.

on (x2)




M y ru cksack is
There's a desk in front
The first-aid kit is
There's a bus stup
supermarke t.
Your gluve:::. are
The bathroom is over tlwr<'
J here's ci pi cl u re
the door.
The keys Cl re next


1 Complete the S<'ntC'ncC's w ith the p resent simple

the door.

form of thes<' v<'rbs.

the cupboard .
the table.
the window a nd
the phone.


not have

not like



M y g randparents gu for a wcilk in the p;irk

every day.
2 I
i11 an arl gallery.
a car.
3 Many people in Ams le rdcirn
They gu e verywh ere by bicycle'.
4 We
next Loci ci1 fc. We oftC'n
breakfast there on Si1lurd;iys.
5 l
shoppin g in the ci ty centre. It's
very crowd ed.
6 My friends an d Toften
in the
mu:::.eum ccife.

Grammar summary

Put the w o rd s in orde r to m a ke questions.

city I Do I y ou I in I the I centre I w o rk ?
Do you rpork in Ilic cily centre?
d o I Whe re I your I live I p arents ?


3 dose I Whnt tim e I the I s h ops I d o?



I work I b y bu s I go I to I you ?

4 C o mplete Lhe sente nces w ith thC' p resent simple

form o f the v erbs.

don'/ '111ve (not h ave) a job.

(go) to sch ool b y b us .
M y son
Th is d;iss
(finis h ) at 7 p .m.
your gran dmother
(live )
w ith you ?
(d o)?
(nol sp eak ) English.



5 d o I What I do I in th e eveniu gs I p copk?



I fri e nd s I W h e re I d o I meet I you ?

like/love + -ing


Present simple (he/she/it)

A fte r /ikf' ;ind lme, verbs are in the -ing form :



~ Yes/No questions

He/she/ it

doesn't (does
not) work.


Short answers

Does he work?

Yes, he does. I No, he doesn't.

Does she work?

Yes, she does. I No, she doesn't.

Does it w ork?

Yes. it does. I No, it doesn't .

Wh - questions

T/1ey like ryrl i11g.

We love plnyi11g l rn11is.
l d on't like .~ i11g ing .

W here









w o rk ?




VVith most verbs, add -ing.



Verbs ending in -e, delete

t he -e and add -ing.



Verbs ending in a vowel

+ consonant, double the
consonant and add -ing.

1 Com p le te Lhe

Ve rbs e nding w ith -s, -s/1 , -c/1, x: fini.:;/i .fi11islies,

relax re/11.\ e::,
Ve r bs e nding w ith conson nnt + y: study studies

Irregular verbs
du dues linvf' /ins go goes

nega tive(-) senten ces,

nnd q u e s ti ons (?).

S he (work) o n a bon t (+)

5/w works 011 nt lmnt.
He (h ave) ch ildre n (- )

Sa rnh (stud y ) nrch;ieology a l universi ty(+)

M ura d (tench ) t\rnbi c (-)

(the bus

I s top) on this s t1wt (?)







t ravel

1 They Ji kC'
2 To m d oC'sn ' t li ke
3 He doesn ' t likC'
4 Do you like
5 Sh e loves
6 They love
7 l like
8 Do you like

a lo n g th e beach.
to the gy m .
lo d isco m usic.
1<1 ng uages?
rnou n La i.ns.
to d iffe rent coLrnlries.
Kwon D o .
in th e se<1?

Adverbs and expressions of frequency


sometim es

1 (y o ur h11 sh <1 nd I work) i.J1 an office(?)

-ing fo rm of thC'sC'

live with?

Spell ing rules for present simple affirmative

Most verbs: liue lives, work work.:;, sinrt s/11rf::,

sentence~ wi th the



3 Write a ffirmn tivC' ( 1) ;ind

11.;;1.1.; Spelling rule

not o f ten



Grammar summary



We use ad vt::rbs of frequC'ncy to talk about how often

we du something.

We use can to tnlk about ability.

1 rn11 speak Fm1c/1 = Tknow how to speak French.

A dverbs of freq uency

Cnn is a modal verb. This mean s:

One-word ad verbs usually go before' thC' main

vC'rb or after the vt::rb lie.

There is no -sin tht:: third person sing ulnr.

She cnn play t!te guitar. (not Dltc c1lll.~ l'lt1y the ,~11itt11 .)
We don't use tlocs ur don '/ in the nC'gntive.
Tcn11't drive. (nut l dcm '/ cmr d1 iuf.)
We don't use dour docs in questi o ns.
Cnn you ski? (Nut Uo !JO" 0111 .~ki?)
The next verb is the infinitive without to.
TTe cnn speak Japanese. (not He ow lo SJ'' ak Jt1Jltlf1t'.~e.)

T so111eti111es

gu jis!ti11g.
un the l11ternel .
So111etimes or 11~11111/y can go al the bC'gi nning or end
TTe's often

of a sentence.

So111eti111es we gu out 011 Friday evening~. WI' go out on

Friday even i11g~ ~0111el illles.
Usunlly, 1 get up /11/c 11! lite weekend. Tgl't up lnte nt the
weeke11c/ 11~ u11/ly.
Expressions of freq uency

When the ndvC'rb is a phrase (every 11wn//1, every year,

once a dny, twice n 11wnth, etc.) it goes at the end o( the
sen tC'n<C'.


2 Put the words in the correct order.

I on holiday I Karla I books I alwc1ys I rends
2 computer garnt::s I Luke I often I piny I
3 go I the theatre I We I lo I oftC'n
4 boring I is I My I never I lifC'
5 have I in the afternoon I T I


snnck I usually


3 Complete the sentences with ca11 or rn11't and one

of these verbs.






1 Slow down! T m11 '/ n111 fast.

2 l'd like a job in Spnin, but I
, but Tdon't have a car.
5 Where's rny bicycle'? T
6 He's only three, but he
his name.
7 IL's very noisy outside. I
8 She
grcnt photos.


6 always I after work I wiltchC's I TTc I TV

Countable and uncountable nouns

(a, some and any)

7 usually I o n Sundnys I We I for a walk I go

Form and use

8 go I to I my lunch break I I I art galleries I

in I somC'timcs


Countable nouns


I haven't got an

It needs some salt.

We've got some

po l a toes.


Affirmative and negative







Short answers

Can I/you/he/she/it/we/they

Yes, I can. I No, I can't.

Yes, she can. I No, she can't .
Yes, we can. I No, we can't.

I don'l want any

pasta .

There aren't any


can't (cannot )

Yes/No questions

We haven't got a

Have you got a

Are there any nuts?

Have you got any

Is there any bread?

Some nouns are countab lt!. These are noLms you Ci'ln
count and they have both a sing ular and a plural
form. We use them with an indefinite article (n/011)
and numbers: rm 011io11 two 011io11s.

We've gut 1111 onion.

We need twu u11iu11s.

Grammar summary


Sonw nouns are uncountable. These arc nouns you

cannot count. They are singular and have no plural
form. We use them with the definite article or no
articlC'. You cannot use them with a/an or numbers:
7Patrr (1'wo w11!cn ), 1.111st11 (twu pttsttts)
l often hm1c p11s/11 for dinner.

ote: a fut of= lots of (there is no difference in meaning

ur use)

some and any

We use some in i'lffirmillive sentences:
w ith plural nouns: There arc so111e pot11tues.
with uncounti'lble nOLms: There is ;,ome water.
We use 1111y w ith uncounti'lbk ilnd coLmtable nouns:
in negati ve scnt<'nc('s: Wr h11vc11 '/ got 1111y /Jm1111111s.

We haven't got any lnrnrf.

in questions: Ari' thr1r any /011111/ocs? ls t/1ere 1111y meat?

We abo use sume in questions whC'n we ask for thi11gs

and offt!r things.
Can l /11we so111e water?
Would you like ;,ume chips?

1 Com plete the sentences with a, an, so111r or any.

I /\ r<' there any eggs?
2 Sh<' usually has
biscuit with he r coff<'<'.
3 I'd like
bread, please.
-+ There isn ' t
salt in this soup.
5 r often have
a pple tor breakfast.
6 1-lilve yo u got
orange juice.
7 There isn' t
8 Would you like

a lot of and not much I not many



We use l1ow 11111c/1 and huw 111any to i'lSk about

How 11111c/1 + uncountable nouns

How 11111c/1 /Jre11tl du yu11 wa nt?

How 1111111y +countable nouns
H ow 1111111y s11pern111rkets nre thrrr?

2 Choose the correct option to complete the
1 Do you drink G1111c!()/ 1111111y we1ter?
2 TJc ca ts 11111cl1 I a fol of meat.
3 Do you nC'C'd 11111c!t I 1111111y onions tu make
your curry?
4 Tlwy grow a lot of/ 11111c/1 potatoes in Peru.
5 TTow nwch I 111a11y fruit do yuu eat in a week?
6 Th<'r<' isn't 11111ch I 1111111y cheese un this pizza.
7 Tdon't bu y 11111ch I 1111111y food from
su pNmarkC'ts.
8 We don ' t hi'lV<' 11111ch I 1111111y good reste1L1rants in
our town.

W11s and wr1r a rc the p as t of 111n/is/11rc.

With countable
I eat a lot of fish.

how much I how many

sent ences.



Uncountable nouns
We us<' a lot of in affirmati ve and negative
scntC'nCC'S, and in questions.
WC' us<' 11111ch in negative sentences and question s.
WC' n C'ver use 11111c/1 in affirmative sentences.

I don't cat many I

a lot of cakes.

Do you many I
a lot of



I/he/she/it w as old.

I/he/she/it w asn't old.

You/we/they w ere old.

You/we/they w eren't (were not) old.

Yes/No questions

Short answers

Was I/he/she/it old?

Yes, I/he/she/it w as.

I drink a lot of

I don't eat much I

a lot of salt.

Do you eat much I

a lot of fruit?

No, he/she/it w asn't .

Were you/we/they old?

We use 11 fut uj, 11111 ch, nut nrnch, many and 11ot 111a11y lo
talk about c.p.1antity.
Countabl e nouns
We use a lot of in affirmntivC' i'l nd negative
sentences, and in ques ti ons.
We use 1111111.1; in negative sC'nt<'nc<'s i'lnd qu es tions.
We don ' t usua lly use many in affirmi'ltive
!::>ente nces.

Yes, you/we/they/w ere.

No, you/we/they/w eren't.

We use was and were to talk about the past.

Grammar summary

1 Complete the sentences w ith wns, were, wa!l11't or
11)('/'('/l 't.
1 Marie Curie's face
on Polish currency
in the 1980s.
2 lt
also o n thr Ins t Prcnch 500 Franc
note::, before the Euro.
3 She
a scirntist nnd winner of two
obd prizes.
for he r work on
4 The prizes
radioaclivi ly.
5 She was a Frrnch citi zen, but she
French .
born in Poland.
6 She
7 in those d nys, th ere
any universi ties
with womnn s tudents in Poland.
8 Marie nnd lwr French husband Pierre
married in 1895.
9 Their dilughtC'r and her husband
Nobel pri 7.r-winncrs.

Past simple (affirmative}: regular and

irregular verbs



2 Complete the sentenc<'s w ith the past simple of the


(pay) (5,000 fur their car.
1 They
2 T
(have) a metal detector when T wns
a child.
(go) to a gold museum in Peru
3 We
lils t ycnr.
4 Crorg<' Washington
prrsid<'nt in 1789.
5 Frida Kahlo
(li ve) in Mexico.
6 My grnndfather
(work) in a bilnk.
7 TTowa rd Carter
(discover) gold
objects in Tutankhamen's tomb.
8 She
(m ake) a gold ring in he r
j<'wcllcry-making course.

Past simple: negatives, questions and
short answers

and use

I/you/he/she/it/we/they didn't travel by train.


I/you/he/she/it/we/they work ed.



Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they travel by train?

I/you/he/she/it/we/t hey w ent .

Verbs only ha ve one form in the p nst simple.

Short answers

Regular verbs

Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they did .

Wc ndd rd to regu lar verbs to form the past simple:

TPork , worked, walk > w11/ketl, ploy plnyed.

No, I/you/he/she/it/we/they didn't.

Notice the spelling rules for other rrgulnr vNbs:

for verb::, ending in -e, we ildd -d: livr 'lived,
decide decided.
for two-syllable verbs r nding in -y, we change the
-y lo i an d ndd -rd: !lt11dy studied.
fo r verbs cnding in vowel +consonant (not -w,
-r or -y), wc double the consonant: ':> fop slopped,
trnvrl travelled.

Wh- questions

Irregular verbs

Many common verbs have iln irrrgulnr nffi rmativc

form in the p as t simple:
/.Je w11s/1ocrc, do did, go TPr11 t, 111nke made,
gel g o!, cos! cost

Wc use the past simple to talk a bout finished actio ns
and events in the past. We often use a lime phrcise
(yestert!11y, l11:;t week, ten ymrs ago) with the p;ist simp l<'.
Tirey lived a thu11:;11111l year-:, ago.
Tle cu11tactetl the 11111<:>e11111 las/ week.

Why/When did I/you/he/she/it/we/they travel by train?

We use the nuxiliary verb did/didn't for negatives and

qu es tions.
Kat<' didn 't take tire trnin.
Did you 11se a map?
We also use did/did11 '/ for short answe rs.
Dit/ they drive? Yes, l/1ey did.
l{emembe r, we usr thC' infinitive form of the verb.
We didn 't go. (not We didn 't went.)

Gra mmar summary

1 Complete the convcrsMions with did or didn 't.
Vici you bring a mnp?
B: Yes, l
. Tt's her<'.
2 A: How much
th<' bus ticket cost?
R: I don' t know. l
:1 A:
you have a good trip?
n: Yes, we
. It was g r<'nt.
-1- A: Who
you trave l with?
n: Jus t m y wifo. My ch ild ren
I) A: What time
th<' plnne lake off?
B: l'm nut s ure. J
look a l my watch.
6 A:
the MayflowN Si1 il lo the New
World ?
8 : Yes, it
. Tts fi rsl journey there was
in 1620.
you visit th<' trnnsport museum in
7 A:
8 : o, we
. W<'
have time .
you ta kc a bus to the airport?
8 A:
B: Yes, we
. Tt wns ve ry easy.

Comparative adjectives

Spelling rule




warm warmer

+ -r it the adjective
ends in -e

safe safer

ending in one
vowel+ one

double the
consonant and + -er

big bigger

two or more

more + adjective

boring more
easy easier

change -y to -ier


e.g. good, bad, far

2 Write sentences with cornparati ve adjectives.

Travel by air I by ro;:id (snf<.')
'frauel by air is snfi'r illf111 l1y road.
2 My car I your car (old )
:1 Trnins I buses (expensive)

A bike I a car (slow)

5 Geese I small birds (fast)

6 T.earning a language I learning il rn11s ici1l
instrument (ditticult)
7 Male elephants I females (big)
8 My journey tu work / your journ<'y to work

Superlative adjectives


two syllab le
end ing -y



Spelling rule



+ -est

near ~ nearest

+ -st if the adjective

ends in -e

large , largest

adjectives ending
in one vowel +
one consonanl

double the
consonant and + -est

big biggest

two or more

the most+ adjective

the most


change -y to -iest

easy ' easiest


e.g. good, bad, far

good ' the

bad the
far the

good better
bad - worse
far further

We use t/1e bC'for<' ;i s upe rli1tive.

Neptune is thc furt/1rst pln11cl .fro111 //1c s1111.

We use t/J1111 after a cumparntive sentence.
An naop/1111c is ji1s /er tlwn 11 s/1ip.

We use comparative adjective's to compare lwo things
or people.

We use the superlative form to com p;:i rc something to
othN things (!lie biggest, /ie:;t, etc.) in a group.

Grammar summary

3 Complete the St!nknces w ith the superlative form
of the ad jt!cti Vt!s.
lhe HSR (high-speed rail) is thejastest (fast)
train in the world.
The London Underground is
metro system in the world.
My car is
(small) car il1 the slreel.
(good) driver il1 your
Neil Armstrong is one of
aslron;i11ts in hi story.
Frid;iys ;ind Sundays are
(expensive') days to travel by plane.
My roild trip across the USA was
(cim;izing) journey of my life.
At lcin til ha s
(busy) airport in the


1 Write sentence's with the correct furm of l1nve got.
Jake I two brothers
Jnk1>'.~ got two brother::,.
2 I I not I any dilnbil1g boots
1 Lily I curly hair?

4 Tlcr parents I a furniture business

.5 your car/ air-conditioning?
6 you I a new phone?
7 Rob and Helen I not I childr<'n
8 Our house I two bathrooms

Present continuous

have got I has got






I'm (am) work ing.

I'm not (am not)

working .

Am I working?



I/you/we/they've got

I/you/we/they haven't got

(have not got) any hair.

(are) working .

You/we/they aren't
(are not) working.

Are you/we/they

He/she/it hasn't got

He/she/it's (is)

He/she/it isn't (is

not) working.

Is he/she/it

(hav e got) brown eyes.

He/she/it's got (has got)
brown eyes.

(has not got) any hair.


Short answers

We form the present contil1uo us with the present

simple of the Vt!rb lo /Jc+ verb + -ing form of the verb.

Hav e I/you/we/they got a


Yes, I/you/we/they have. I

No, I/you/we/they haven't.


Has he/she/it got a camera 7

Yes, he/she/it has. I

No, he/she/it hasn't .

We do not use the auxiliary do/does with have got.

I haven't gut 11 key. (not J dtm', .'rim g 1~t a key.)
Have yu11got1111y 111011cy? (not 81~ ym1 !tave .~ot-t1ny

We use l1m1r got to talk about appearance, possessions
cind rclilti onships.
Hn" your sister got dark h11ir?
T'rir got three children.
I fr hasn't got a bicycle.
We can abo use l1nve to t;ilk about possession, family
and appeara nce.
'J'/1ey l111vc a ilo11s1' i11 Italy.
We usC' have got in spoken and il1Jormal written
F.nglish. We don' t use luwe got il1 Americcin F.nglish.
We use hnve.
Wt! don' t usucilly usC' have got in the past simple.
1 lmd long ilnir whrn Twas young. (Not 1 had sol lo11s l111i1

T w11~ ym111,~.)

We use the present continuous to talk about:

things happening now. I cun't co111e 11ow. 1'111 c11li11g
my di1111er.
things happening around now, but not necessarily
ilt the moment. She's w11/ki11g tu work 11 lot lilese days.
We don't usually ust! stativt! verbs (be, l1111.1r, likr,
love, etc.) in the present cuntilll1ous.
Present continuous and present simple
We use prese nt simple (not present continuous) to
describe ci hnbit or routine.
He 11s11ally wrars trainers, but tod11y he's weari11gfonnal

We use different time expressions wi th tlw prC'scnt
continuous and present simple:
Present continuous

now, these days, at the 111ume11t, tod11y, t/Jis wcck/111011tl1/

Present simple

11s1111//y, oftc11, every dny, once a week, never

Grammar summary

Notice the sp<'lling rules for the -i11g form.
for most vNhs, add -i11g: walk walking,

1 Complete the sen tences with going tn and these

play playing, rrnd rcodi11g


fur ve rbs ending in a consonan t+ vowel +

consonan t, double the last ldkr of the verb and
add -ing: sit sitting, ri111 r1111ni11g, put putti11g
fur verbs ending in -c, dele te the final e and add -i11g:

Compl<'tc th e sentences with the prcs<'nt s i1nple or
pr<'s<'nt continuous furrn of the verbs.

1 Why

111"1' yo11

wcorins (you wear) gloves? Ar<'

you cold?
2 I
the moment.
3 Sl1e


(read) a very guud book at

(not work) today.

(yo u usually have) a
shower in the morning o r the evening?
(you wail) for?
(not like) wearing hats.
lt's nut a good tim<' to sp eak. l
(make) dinner.
Our cousins
(stay) w ith us
today and tomorrow.

not pay


1 We 'rr' ,?.ni11g lo 11ieel Abigail outside the ci nema.

2 What
at the thea tre?
to o ur party?
4 TTC'
a novel next y<'a r.
your cousi n in
J\us t-rnlia?
a holiday this summN.
7 Tk
French at university n<'xt
yea r.
extra money to sec the film
8 I

make 111aking, ro111c co111ing, write writing

meet not have

visit write

Present continuous for future reference

We ccm u se the prcsC'nt continuous lo talk a bout the
future and to mak<' fuhffe C1rrangements w ith another
per~un .

J' 111 rneeting my f rir'nds at tc11 .

He isn't working to111nrmw.
W/1ere are you eating nut tn11iglil ?

Infinitive of purpose

going to (for plans)

Form and use

WC' can use an in.fi.nitive tu talk about why W<' do
som<'thing. This is called an infinitive of purpose'.


1'111 going to Madrid lo visit the Prado Museum.



(not T'm !!.'i11g lo A1i1d1 idf01 visit the Pmdo l'vfo.~et1111.)

I'm (am) going to see a film.

I'm not (am not) going to

see a film.

We often u se the infinitive of purpose tu answer the

lJUestiun Why?

You/we/they're (are) going to

see a film.

You/we/they aren't (are

not) going to see a film.

He/she/it's (is) going to see a


He/she/it isn't (is not)

going to see a film.


Short answers

Am I going to see a fi lm?

Yes, I am. I No I'm not.

Are you/we/they going to sec

a film?

Yes, you/we/they are. I

No, you/we/they aren't.

Is he/she/it going to see a


Yes, he/she/it is. I

No. he/she/it isn't.


Why are yu11 going to tlw shnp? To get 11 11ewsp11per.


Complete the answers to th<'SC' questi on s with

infinitives of purpose. U s<' th<'SC' vcrbs .
change drive
see tett


We use goi11g lo lo talk about our plans for the future .

Wr''rr' gni11g lo wolc/111 UVU thi:; evening.

With the verb gn we can say going lo go or guing.

I'm going to go to nut to11iglit . - 1'111 going out tonight.

We often use future time expressions with going lo

(e.g . next week, tonight, tomorrow, this cvmi11g).

We ' re 111oving /1011 se next month.





Why are you going to get up C'arly tomorrow?

To tuke
Ben tu the airport.
Why is she going tu Mexico?
Why a re you going tu call the doctor 's surgery?
the time of my appointment.
Why a r<' they going lo the cinema early?
good sea ls.
Why arc you going lo call Jim?
him to dim1.er.
Why arc you going to b uy apples?
n fruit sa lnd.
Why are you going to th<' art gnlle ry?
a photography exhibition.
Why are you going to rent n car?
tu the coast.

Grammar summary


(not w rite) many le tters by h nnd.
yoll ever
(cook) lndia n food ?
7 She
(not read) any plays by
Sh akespeare.
8 fie
(nevN I buy) a CD.

Present perfect


I/you/we/they've (have) sent

a letter.

I/you/we/they haven't
(have not) used a public

He/she/it's (has) gone to Spain.

He/she/it hasn't (has not)

come back.

Present perfect and past simple

Present perfect
We use the present perfect to Lalk i1bout some thing in
the pns t nnd we don' t say exactly when it happened .

J've bN'll to Costa Rica.


Short answers

We oft<'n u se words like ever nnd 11rve1 because they

do not tnlk about an exact Lime.

Have I/you/we/they seen that


Yes, I/you/we/they have.

Ha pr you ever learned 11 11cw /a11guagr?

Has he/she/it arrived?

Yes. he/she/it has.

No, I/you/we/they haven't.

No, he/she/it hasn't.

We form the present perfect with havr/lws + the past

participle (lived, sent, etc.).
With regula r verbs, pns t pnrticiples end in -ed. They
nrc the same as the pnst si mple: buuk /Jooked,

Past simple
We u se the past simpl<' to talk about some thing in th<'
past and we say wh<'n it happened. We often use it with
past time expressions C'.g. Inst week, yeslerdoy, i11 20"/2.
We went lo Heiji11g i11 2008. (nut Wt' ftave lnm i\1 Rr ijing
in W&B.)
We use the pnst s imple with the ques tion When ... ?
~'W1r,, fit1.~

teleplwne telepho11ed, 11Iay , played

Wlim did hr win the cumpetition? (n o l

!he c t1111pt titi1111 ?)

Many verbs hnvC' irregula r pa ~ t p articiples. Tlwy arc

often, but not nlw nys, diffonmt from the pns t simple:

2 Choose the correct option lo compl<'tC' the

see saw srrn, write wrote wrille11, !JL1y 'bought

l.o has two past participles:
Shr's been tu China.(= She went to Chi na and came
She's gune tu C/1ina. (-Sh e wC'nt to China and is in
Ch ina now.)


We use Lhe present pe rfect to talk about expC'riC'nccs in
the p as t. W<' don ' t say exac.:tly when they hnppencd .

I've made a YouTube videu.

l l111vc11't hooked n hu/itl11y at


I mvel agmt.

With the present perfed W<' often use ever(= in yo ur

life) in ques tions and 1uvrr (not in your life).
Tlave yuu ever IJeen to Rrazil?

He's never downloadrd a film.

We use tlw affirmative form with 111vn
I've never hrr11 to Greece. (not 1 fumeir 'I 111r1e1 IJLen to


1 Comple te the sentences with the present perfect

form of the verbs.

1 I 'te downloaded (download) a lot of inus ic.
2 My motlwr
(travel) lo scvNnl
countries in South America.
3 M y 90-yca r-old neighbo ur
use) n computer.
4 We
(go) to the new sciC'nCC'
mu s<'um. Tt was amazing.

Ire wun

A: Have you cz1cr brr11 I Did you ever go to l{ome?

B: Yes, l /111ve I did. Tliavr worked/ wurked there
betwt>en 2005 nnd 2008.
A: Can you rernembN his name? I've forgolle11 I
forgot il.
B: lt' ~ l{oger. He was I has been at university
with m e b s t yea r.
A: Have you seen I Did yu11 see Mark yes le rdny?
8 : Yes, r did I lfnve. I SI/IV I /111ve seen him in thC'
A: Wh<Jt have yuu dune I did you do Ins t nig ht?
B: Some fri ends /w oe co111e I rn111c round fo r
/\: What '111ve yo11 lea med I did you /ram in your
g uitar lesson last week?
B: The teac.:ht>r /aught I //(/s taught us som e new
A : H11ve yo11 ever st udird I Did yuu euer study a
foreign lan g unge?
B: Yt>s, 1 havc I did. T '11r lea rned I le11med Arabic
last year.
A: My husbnnd 's n journalis t. He 's visited I
visited Cl lot of countries.
8: Ha ve you rvrr travel/et! / Did yo11 ever I mvd
with him ?
A: Ha111 you wun I Did you win a pri 7.e in the
dnncc competition l a~ t month ?
11: No, Thaven't I didn 't, but I had I /1avr had a lo t
of fun.

Grammar summary

-U NIT 11

have to I don't have to, can/can't





should take an umbrella .

I/you/he/she/it/we/they shouldn't
take a lot of cash.


Short answers

Should I/you/he/she/it/
we/they buy a ticket in

Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they
No, I/you/he/she/it/we/they

Slw11/d is a modal verb. Remember that Lh.is means:

Thcr<' is no third person -s.
TTe s'1011/d go. (not He :;hut ~. )
ThN<' is no lo before the verb.
You s'1011/d do ii. (not Yu11 s!rmild lt'l do ii.)
Th<' negCl live is with nut (11't).
You s'1011/d11 'I do it. (not im dmr 'I ~ho uld do it.)
Tlwre is no auxiliary du in quC's tions.
SIInuld r COi/it'? (n o t Du I 5/rnuld I fllllt ?)

We use slw11/tl to give ndvice.
Yo11 slw11/d put :1 1111 cren111 mz. = T th.ink it's a good iden .
Yn11 slw11/d11 't gu u11 your own. - T th.ink it's a bad idcn .

1 Complde the sentences with s/1011 /d or sl1u11/d11 't
and lhese verbs.










H e :.lw11 It! do
Buenos A ires.

Lo Sicily.
te rrible.

som<' <'xercise. H e's nut ver y

glove's. Tt's very cold.
a tango sh ow w hen you're in
some ltnli<m phrnses before l go
a t that restaurnnl. The food 's

a new job. This one's ver y

s tressful.
a t that hot<'I. Tt's noisy at
7 They
nig hl.
to bed late tonig ht. T've gal an
8 I
C'Xa 111 tornurrow.



I/you/we/they have to show

a passport.

I/you/we/they don't have to

show a passport.

He/she/it has to show a


He/she/ii doesn't have to

show a passport.


Short answers

Do I/you/we/they have to
buy a ticket?

No, I/you/we/they don't.

Yes. I/you/we/they do.

Does he/she/it have to buy

a ticket?

Yes, he/she/it doesn't.



I/you/he/she/it/we/they can
take one bag onto the
plane .

I/you/he/she/it/we/they can't
smoke on the plane.

No, I/you/we/they don't.

We use /111vr tu, tlu11 't lmvr to, cn11 and rn11 ' / to ta lk abo ut
rule's and possibilities.
We use /11wr tu+ infinitiv<' to say lhal something is
You /1nvc lo I 11m ujjyu11r 111obilr p/l(l//C 011 !11c pl1111e.
W<' use do11 'I '111 ve tu to sny or that so me thing is nut
You do11 'I /111ve tu ~h uw yo11 r passport 011 do111csl ic
W<' use co11 lo say that some thing is p ossible.
You rn11 c/1eck i11 unline.
W<' use cn11 'I tu say that somethin g is no t p ossible.
A ir passc11gers rn11't t11ke knives in t1Irir lin11d l11gg11gc.

2 Choos<' the correct option (a-c) to compl<'t<' the

Air passengNs
check in unline.
a have to
h c;i n' l () can
2 Pilots
w<'ar Cl uniform.
a have to
b can'L
c can
3 We
check in at Lhe d esk. l checked in
unline yeste rd ny.
a have to
b don' t have Lo c can
4 You
sm ok<' on a n Cleroplane.
a can
b ca n' t
c don' t have tu
5 You
pay for food on aeropla nes.
a can often b can ' t oftC'n c often h ave lo
(j You usua lly
book plnnC' ticke ts b e fore
you 11y.
n have lu
b don' t have to c cCl n' t
7 You
stand up w hen a p lan<' is taking off.
n hn ve lo
b can
c can ' t
8 Ai r pnssC'ngers
take more tha n 100 ml of
liquid in their h and luggage.
a don ' t h nvC' 10
b can
c can' t

Grammar summary

everywhere, somewhere, nowhere,



He wo11't /J11y 1111 npnrt111e11t.

We o ften use think or do11 '/ //1i11k before iPill when we
mnk<' prediction s.













T t/1i11k it'll s11uw tu111orrow.

I don't think we'll gu to Scoll1111d tltis ymr.





We usually say 1 do11 '/ tlti11k


Use these words with th e verb in the sin g ular

form .
cveryl1ody likf'~ trm1f'lli11g. (no t like)
Use n11y- in negn ti ve sentences and ljueslions.
1 did11 't /111y n11ytl1i11g nt the shups.
Is //icrc n1Zyu1lll're to stay in this tozu11 ?

l There are ca fes every wlicrc in Pnris.

2 He needs tu buy some
in thi s s hop.
3 I telephoned the airline, but no
the p hune.
4 Hello? ls any
the re?
5 I think
body needs il holidny. It's really
irnpu rtan l.
6 I put my s ung lasses
where and l can't
find them.
7 l d un' t like h olidnys on the bench. There's
thing lo do!
8 1 haven ' t been
w here on holiday this




I/you/he/she/it/we'll (w ill)

I/you/he/she/it/we won't (will

not) change.


Short answers

W ill I/you/ he/she/it/we/

Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/they w ill.

they live for a long time?

No. I/you/he/she/ it/we/they won't.

Will is ;i mod nl verb. This means:

Ther<' is no third person-:..
Hf' will go. (not He rvill:rgtJ.)
There is no tu before the verb.
Tt will get lwtter. (nut 11 will 11' ,sc 1ltollt1 .)
The negative is with 110/ (11 '/).
ft wun 't ue there for ever. (not
will be the1cfur




There is no auxiliary do in questions.

Will t/1ey co111e! (nol Do lhc _ry will c(l11te?)

will not I think+ wo11'/.

We u1011't buy nn electric car. They're Loo

Do you think it
snow this weekend?
I d on ' t think humans
gu to the Moon
Tt's n nntionnl holiday tom orrow so Lhe shops
be open.
T' m doing my homework nuw because T
hnve time thi s evening.
T' m goi ng to the doctor 's at 9 a.m. so I
mi ss the m eeting. Sorry.
move to the countryside. She
loves ci ty Ii f<'.
Do n' t w orry nbout your interview. You
be fin<'.

Definite the or no article before names

Form and use
no article



1 Complete Lhe senlenc<'s with will ('II) or won't.

3 Writ<' in the missing part uf the word .



We use will cind won't to talk about wha t we think or

knuw aboul the future, i.e. to make predictions.
'U1e Enrt Ii will gf't wnn11er.

deserts: the Sahara


continents: Africa

countries: M exico

seas: the
Mediterranean (Sea)

states: California

oceans: the Atlantic


rivers: the Nile

plural names or
group~ of places: the
United Statesffhe
USA, the Alps, the
the Netherlands

towns and cities: M ilan

places in towns and ci ties

(streets, buildings, etc.):
George Street, Oxford
University. Waterloo Station

lakes: Lake Tahoe

a single mountain: Mount



2 Add tlte to the correc t plcice (or plnces) in the

sentence::.. lf the sentence is corr<'ct, put a tick (.I').

We wC'nt to Andes when we were in Argenti11C1.

Africn is bigger than Europe.
Mississippi is the longest ri ver in United Stcites.
Mont Blanc is the highes t m u unlain in Alps.
S Would you like to gu tu Lanzaro le in Cnnnry
Isla nds?
6 Tfo ve you ever sw um in Atlantic Ocecin?
7 I'd love to visit Atacama d esert.


Unit 1

Conversation two

'ii 1.1

R = Rita, V = Valerie, G = C~ary

R: Oh! Here's som!'one e lse l lcllo. My 11<1111e's
Ritd cmd I'm thP conlcrcncc m,rn,1gcr.
V: Hi, I'm \/a lf' riP.
R: Tha t's a hPa11tilul Fre nch 1h1111c. What's
your ~ 11ni;ime V.1lcrie'
V: More;iu Th.1t's M 0 R-E-A-U.
R: M, M., M . Ma:,un, Moore, Mor!'a11! <>K .
Well , y0L1'1c the second pprson he re V.i lcrie,
so I'd like tu introdurf' yo11 to C.iry. He',
frn111 E11glc111d.
G: N it:e to m PPt you , Va lerie.
V: N it:e to m PPt vo 11 too
G: Are vm1 from' I'ran cc?
V: Acttiallv no, I'm from ,111 i:,l,md i11 the
Pari fic ( >cean
G: NPw (_';i ledo11ia?
V: I hat's right'
R: I'rr, I h.i vc lo gu. N it:c t<1lking to you.
c;; Bye Rit,1 . Sec yuu later.
V: l3yc.


lnlcrv ic wcr, R - Richard 'liirner

What'<; vo11r n;ime?
l~1ch;irc1 l11 mer
WhPrP Me you from'
I hP UK but I'm .i n explorer for Nnt1mrnl
C<osrnpilir :,u I lr.ivcl nil ovPr thP world
I rc.11ly like thi:, photo.
Ye>. il':, i11 Oman .
/\11d the photogrnphPr, whJt's his na me?
StephPn Alv"1'P7.
WhPrP ~ hf' Imm?
HP'' from the US/\


lnlcrvicwcr, M = M ik P Kurney
I lello. Wh;it'~ vour name?
My namP '~ M;'ke Burney.
ArP vo11 lrom C rc.1l Ori1,1i11?
YP~, 1'm lrom W,1Jc>, b ul I tr.i,t!I all thP
I: And MC )'OL m.:t11 icd ?
M : Yes. I ,1m. Mv wife'> lldme IS Sally. ShP
isn' t ,1t hon1c <1l the nwmPnt.
I: W h y' W h,1l'> her 1ub?
M: She':, .ibu <111 cxplort>r a nrl wP otten lr,1vcl
I: b :,he from WaJp.; tool
M : Nu, >he 1,nt. Slw's from C.in.id.i.
I: Are you thP ~amp ;ige?
M: o , WP ;irpn't. I'm thirty-si' ,rnd S.i ll) i'

, .3


I'm thirtv-one
ArP you 'trom Engl.ind?
No, I'm not.
1ler n.1mc':, Hclcn,1.
We .ircn' l f1um the USA.
\.Vc' rc fw111 C.i11<1d<1.
Nu. he i:,11't.
b hi.: 111Mried ?

~ 1 .4
(' = Cu s toms officer, M = Mike Burney
C : Cood ,1flcrnuu11. /\re yuu m PW / .Palanrl
for v. OJ k u1 ,, hu lid<1y.?
M : Fur wu1 k. 1' 111 <111 explorPr.
C: I :,cc. Wh.it':, 1uur addrPS~ in Auck land?
M : We' re .i t IOba Eglinton l<m1c1 .
C: We?
M : Ye,, m v w1fP ;inrl two children The y'1c


C: I' your wifP a lso Jn explo rer?

M: Yf'~, ~hP i~, but she is n ' t in AuLkl,111d fur

work She's on holid,11 .

Conversation one
R = Rit.i, G = Gary
R: He ll o, can I hPlp you '!
G: Hi. Yes, I' m M thi~ conlerence but I' m c.irly.
R: Ye,, vou ilrP thP lif't! That's OK. Wh,1 1',

vour nt1mP ?
G: (;MV.
I{: I II (,arv. Mv naml''s Rit,1. I' m the
rnnlPre nce ;,1,1 n.1p,cr.
c;: NicP to meel yo u, Ri t.1.
icP to meet you loo. Wh,1t', vu ur
'it1rnlln1P, C:try?

I il11rens

W: I a11re11s? /\re you on m y li:, t? Err, rn n you

' pe ll th.ll'
G : <;ure It's L-/\ U R E N -S.
R: OK There .ire lwu pcuplc with tha t na mP
.11 this co nfcrcnc~.

r.: l<e,1 1lv?

W: Yes. l;ul her , u11i.1111c i:, L<1wrence.
L-/\-W RE NC E.

Unit 2

~ 1 .8
l'his photo is by 5Mdh LePn . It's aho11 t people
.ind their puc>>ions . Tlw photo ~hows Jll the
p l.1stic ubjcL!:, in this fa m ily'~ ho11sc There .rn::
SC\ en vcople in tlw Stow family .ind they\ c
got hu11dretb of poss!'s~ion s l l think the re ,11c
lwc11ty-two balls, fifty ~ h oes .ind boots, ,1 :,uf<1,
lhree TVs ...

,., 1.10
I= Interviewer, A = A ndy ' lhrbet
I: H ello. lorlay, I'm in the north uf Swtldnd.
WP'rp at thP bottom o f a m o unt<1i11 . It's
vPry hPa11titul but it's 1 c1 y mid a11d I'm
hPrP with Andy Torbcl. /\11dy, dJ'e you from
A: Yes, l Jm . I' m frv111 /\berdeen .
I: Now Andy, yo u ' re" professional cl im hPr
so you\ c gol " ruckdck with you torlay.
Wh,1t', ,1lw.iy in you r ru cks;ick?
A: Well, thi:,;,, m y hat. It's goorl hPca11se it's
cold lud .iy, but it's also important when it's
hut bcL.iu:,e of the sun.
I: I :,cc. A11d what's this!
A: ll'> a first-aid kit. It'' alw;iys i11 my
I: M111. Good 1cif'a. Anrl wha t's lh.1t?
A: It's m y can1Pra. I ta ke il cverywhc1c. /\11d
thPSP arP m y c limbing boots .
I: Right. Anrl over there. What .ire thu:,e?
A: My g loves
I: l<ig ht, they /\RE impurt<111t toddy! OK. So
we' ve go t C\ c1 ytlti11g. Let's s ta rt climhing .
A: Sure. Let's >;u.

~ 1.17
Conversation one
A: l-IPllo, can I he lp you'
K: YP~ , I'd like ,1 co ffee, p lc<1:,e.
A: I arge o r sm,111?
B: A lJrgc o ne, plc,1 ~c.
A: Tha t's three pvu11d:, fifty.
C onversation two
A: I le llo C m I help yuu?
K: YP,, These b.1p,s .ire nice, but they ' re vPry
~ma ll Arc the re diffc1c11t ~ i Le> ?
A: Yes, there .ire .... Thc:,c one> are largP.
H: l<ight Is there ,1 111cdiu111 >i..:e?
A: No O nly two >iLc:,.
H: OK /\nd arc there uther colours!
A: Yes, these un c~ .ire red.
13: Oh yes. thu>c <1r1.: nkc! How mur h MP
A: They' re ninclccn dullc1" th1rty-fivP rPnt~ .
Co n versa tion th ree
A: I le llo, c.1 n I help yuu ?
H: I lello, I'd like a bull, plec1>e.
A: A lootb.1IP /\ tc1111i:, b<1ll?



Sorry, a footh;i 11
WPl l, thP lootbal ls .ire here.
ArP thPy ;i ll black .ind whi le?
l.rr, n o. I here arc ,1Jso <:nc> fvr different
foothal l teams So this unc b n.:tl <1nd blue
for M;i rcelona .
I ~ there J red one fur M;111d1estcr Uni tPd I
No, there is n ' l ... :,urry.
Oh. OK, ll1<1t unc, please.
T h b u11c?
Ye>, plcc1se. H ow much i ~ it'
It's twen ty-onP P11ros.

Unit 3
,., 1.19
It'' twelve o'rlock M n ight .ind I' m in the
M1d111ght ~1 1n l< P~t;iur.i n l in the north uf
Norway. It'~ vPry busy ,1nd \'Cf\ popuJ,11 "ith
NorwPgian~ and tourists bec,u1>c the fuod
1s grPat here It's c,11lcd the Mid11igh t Sun
l< e~tau ranl bec.1L1se in the >u111mer in orwav,
the s un is ,1lway> i11 the :,ky. There's light for .
twenty -fou 1 hou r~" d<1y c1n d so this rp,t;i11rnnt
is open a ll d.i y .i11d all night.

~ 1.21
J - J ou rn a list, S = Slurlcnl
J: I >o you h.H ca L<ll i11 Lu11do11?
S : No, I don ' l. I gu everywhere by b1cyrlP.
J: Rl',1Il y? Wh e re du you h\'t?
S: In the Lily centre.
J: b il cxpcn>ive?
S: Ye>, it i:,. Well, thP shop~ are Pxpensi\'C, but
the re arc lots of frpp p l ace~ like .irt gJ lleries
dlld ITIUS!'UmS.
J: Sounds grpat. I >o you like .1rt ?
S: YPs, I rlo. And I like the thc,1lrc. Thi:, Li l}
ha' g rPM theatres !
J: I'm ~11re And what do )'OU du?
S: I'm a student .1t uni' er:,il1 ,lJid I work i11 d
restaur.1nl ,1l lunchlimc:,. ll'> popular with
touris ts so it's uuwJcd even day.
J: So you're ' c1 y bu:,y! What t~me do you
fi nish wo1k?
S: Al aboul lh rcc u 'duck. A fter work I go homP
or in lhc :,L111u11.:r, I go to the pa rks. I rp;illy
like lhc p.irks i11 London. They' rp bp;i11tiful
,1nd yuicl. I often meet frwnds tlwrP.

,., 1.22
I - lntPrviPwer, ]j = ]jeve rlcy Goodmi!n
I: ToLi.iy I'm w ith Bcvcrlt:y Good num.
LlC\'Criey, Whul du yuu du t!Xclctly?
B: I'm,, Ilhll i11c .irch<1eolog1st. I work for
N11t io111il Gcugrnplih. c111d I s tud y pl~rPs
under the sea.
I : Where do vou work ! In an office?
B: I have om; b ut I rlon't work in an o ffi ce
very oftPn . I'm 11s11a lly 011 ~b oat or u11dcr
the sPa.
I: Wha t time rlo you star t work'
l:S: WPll, it rlPpends. O n the bo,1l, r gel up ,1l
ju st aftPr five o 'c lock. 1 wo rk w ith ,1 tc.11n
of other m.irinc biologist. and I mccl
everyone for brc.1kfas t al ,1buul :,c\ c11.
I )urinp, brc,1kf,1st, we t,1Jk .ibuut the d<1y.
A fte r brc.1kfast, J :,l,11t wurk. It':, a lo11g dcJ)'.
I: Do you work la te?
B: O n the bu,11>, ye>. but I d o11' t fm1sh Intl'
w he n I' m ,ll h v111c.
I: Do you h,wc ,1 f,1111ily?
!3 : Yes, I live wilh 111y hu:,b,111d cllld my two
ch ildren. Su111cli111c:, m y d11ldre n go to
work w ilh 111c. They love the boats!

~ 1.26
T = Touri t, G ~ G uide
T: HcUu. We'd hke to go to thP ;iq1rnri11m . 1, it
11c<1r h ere?
G: It':, abou t fiftee n mi n11tP~ aw;iy, h11t you go
past some mtPrPsting p l arP~ on th e wa y. So
look a t this map. C o ~tr;ii g ht u p I >ecah1r
Street anrl thPn 1111 MariettJ Street Co


dLru>> Sp1 i11>1 Slreel .1nd t.:ike the tirs t street

on the right. Ce11tenn i.1J Ol ympic l'Mk is
on the corner. It'> 'e1 y nice. Co .1cross the
pa rk and on the right lhere's lhc World of
( oc11-Cola.
T: <lh, thllt sounds mtere>ti.ng.
(~: Yes, it is. <.o p11st 1t and the d<.jU<1riu111 i>
T: Creat. 'I h11nks 11 Jot.

Unit 4

,,. 1.27

We ll , in m y fret' time I go >hUJJJJing. I go

O"VPry C.11t11rd11 y with friend> <111d we )\U lu
the city cPntre. It's fun!
In m y frl"P time, I go f1shmg with Ill)
brother We get 11p l"il rl y 111 the morni11g
.1nd drive tor 11ho11t two hours. lt' s quiet
,111d very rcl~xing.
After work, l go to the gym. I go ;ibou t
lluee times ,1 week A tter 11 long d11y wi th
lob uf olhe1 people , it' s nice to go on y our
u w11 <111u il'> good fo r you, ot co11 rsP.

Unit 5

,,. 1.33
I h11ve a gre11t joh beca use I tra\'el to di fferent
coun tries, I meet new people and \'ISlt new
pl.Kcs Dut I really love trnvelling bernusl' I
t.1s tc lo ts of diHerent types of foorl . C.O when
I arrive in .:i new city, I 11lw11ys go to thP loc11I
1e>lJur,111ts ,1nd c.1les I' m in Th;ii l11nrl 111 the
111umen l ,rnd my favourite place is C hiniltown
i..t1 Ba11>;kuk. There MC lots of s treet cates a n d
they' re- re.ill y cheap. /\II the street che fs m~ke
the food by h,1 nu .111<.l then they cook il on
a real fire. So w ho.:11 you w,1 lk up the s treet.
you can >mell the fuuJ ill the di>l<lncc. M y
favourite di>h i> nuudle>. The cho.:b >C1' c the
noodles w ith a hot >auce. They t.i>le JcliLiuu>.
I c11n Pill thPm at any hme of ddy - for
hre11kfilst, l11nch or dm ne r!

,, 1.35

,., 1.29
I - In terviewe r, N - Norbert Ro>ing
I: So Norbert, how otte n do you g o to the
/\re lic'

N: 1l4u uncc ~1 ye.Jr.

I: How lu ng Jo yo u s pend there?
I' m >01m: li111e> the1e for .:i few weeks 11nrl
~ome time> ford ft:" months.
I: Why do you like the Ardic >O much?
Kecausl' it's one of the 1<1>t pl.ice> in lhe
world w ith no hum,m i.J11p<1ct. Theie aren' t
m11ny pPoplP and no ruau> ...
I: '>o how rlo yo u travel to the>e pldct:>?
N : I us1111 lly tr11vel by ca r to the e11d of the
road 11nrl the n I go by snow mobile ur
sometimes hy hoilt. And I wa lk, of cour>c.
I: I love your photos of polar bears. How
often do yo u see the m!
Be tween Augus t .1.nd Nove mhPr, yo u see
pulur bo.:.11> e very d.1y Also at this tim e in
the Ardic tho.: >Lll1 >hincs twenty-tour ho11rs
a d ay >o I c<111 wu1k a l nighl.
I: Wha t do you Ju i11 yo ur free ti me'
N: I ha t's a good 4ue>tiu11! I gu oul every
night so I always >leep duri11>1 tho.: d.w. And
I read a boo k or I often gu fu1 a " "' lk. Dul
yes, it's sometime> boring .111d you need .1
lot o f patlt'nce!

,,. 1.31

T "'Tr.:ivel ,1dviser, S Student

T: Hello, C.ip YcM Voltm teer Work . <'11n I
help you?
S: Ye>, hello. I'd like >Omc information aho11t
your g.ip )CM job>. I' m a s tudent ~nd I
Wdnt tu trd \ cl next ycM. Do you have 11ny
mtere>ti.J1g volu11tcc1 jobs ?
T: Sure. We h<1ve d job fur Engli sh tc,1 chcrs.
A re you good at te,JLhing'
S: "rr. I don 't k now. I c.in >po.:,1k Eng lis h well,
hut wha t other job> ure the1d
T: ( an you wnte? There'> .in E11glbh
nPw~pappr m Boll\'ld. Tho.:y 11eo.:d
jo11rnahsl<,. But 1t'> fo r eighteen months.
o, I c11n 't go for e1gh tee11111u11lh>. /\nd
I' m not very good at writi.J1g. b there
a nything Pl el
T: Do yo11 li ke 11 nim als ?
S : Yes, I lovP them!
T: Wel l, we ha vP a joh in La m b 1a. It'> with
lion cubs
S: Wowl That so11nrls interesting. W hdt'> the
jo b cx.:ic tly'

This is k11hsil. It's 11 popular dish 111 my

country .1nrl ;ilso in o ther countnl's hke
Yemen You neerl somP chickPn or ~omP
people make it with tish . ( 'ook thP chicken
with .:i n 011ion, some sa lt anrl pPppPr, 11nd
uthc1 seasoning Some tom atoes ;i re goorl
with il .:is well. We c.1 l it with rice A11d I
put >UJ ll<.: nub .:ind r.1isins o n the lop. Lt
taste> ddiciuu>.
Ce\'iche i> JJUpulur iJ1 Peru, but .1bo in
rnuntr1e> li ke Chile. It' e<1>y lo m.ikc. It's
fis h, but you don' t cook it. You p ut >Ullll:
juice from il IPmon cm the fish <1nd thi>
' cooks' it. SomPtimes we eat 1t with onions
anrl maybe ~ome s11lad as well. You eat 1t
colrl .
Spaghe tti llo lognese is 11 famous ci1sh a ll
over the world h11t the re11I holognPSP
comes from my city o f Kologn11 in lt11ly
and our city's dis h is pMta with Kolognese
>ilUCC. People put diflerent things in the
,,wco.: and every [l,1li.1n h.1s their favo11 rite
recipo.:. Fu1 example some people use
carrot>. I don' t u>c ;my cMrots bu t yo u
always need >om e m e.it, union> .rnd
tomatoPs. You eat it hut but when we lhwc
some IPft, I eat 1t cold fur lunch the 11exl

,,. 1.36
A: I'd hke to mdke ><1t<1y thi> ..,, e11in)\. Wh.ll
do you thmk?
ll: Sou nds good.
A: OK, well, we need >ume chicken. C,111
you buy a kilo when you go tu tho.:
s11pPrma rkPtl
ll: S11rP.
A: Anrl we need a n orncm.
ll: ThPrP nrP some on ions m the cupbo<1rd.
Can WP h11ve s11 l11ci w ith 1t?
A: Coorl irle11. I )o we have everythmg we
D: I think so. C lh no, we need som l' tomatoe>.
A: And I'd like som e o li ve oi l 11s WPll. rhl're
isn't any lett
B: OK. So we need some ch icken, tomiltoes
.111d olive oil An ything else?

~ 1.37
M = Ma rket t rad er, C = C us to m er
M: I Je llo, Cilll I hPlp you?
C: Yes. l'ci like some bananas, please.
M : These 11rP nice 11nrl fresh .
C: OK.
M: !low m;iny rlo yo11 w11nt l
C : Err They're <p1itP hi g so si x, plPas!'.
M: OK. Anythi.J1g e lse?
C: Yes. Some rice, plc.1se
M: H ow much do you w;rnt? A kilo'
C: Ye>, .i kilo.
M: H ere you )\U. J\.nd w h,11 .:iboul some ot this
><1uce. It'> loca l.
C : bit hu t?

M : Yc.:ih , it's hot, but it goes with 11 n ythmg.

C: Yes . OK.
M: How m,1ny do you want?
C: Ju>l on e b o ttle ... oh .Ktually, two. I can
t.ike une b.1ck lo Engl.rnd J\.nd J ~ lso neerl
>Ulnl: b re.id. Du yuu sell .111y?
M: No, b ut there'> " pl.ice on the o ther side of
the nldrket. So, th.it'> >ix ba11'111.1s, a kilo o f
ncP, two bottle> of >lLICl:. Thal'>

,,. 1.39
/\"'Man, IJ "' Woman, l' =WaitP r
A: Thi> b .1 nice pl.Kc.
B: Ye>, it'> u11e uf m y f,1, ouritc res t.1urants
They hd\ e gre<1l piL.L.a>.
C: Good ,ifternou11. H u " a10.: you tod.1y'
ll: Wp' re gredt, th<1nk>.
C: ( .rl'il t. My n<1me'> Arthur <111d I' m your
w;iitl'r today. So here i> the 111em1. Crn I ge t
you 11n yth ing to drink fir:.t?
A: I:n, l'rl like 11 bottlP of watPr, ple<1:.e.
SpMk ling.
B: Yes, good irle11.
C: One bottle or two?
B: One bctwccn u s, tha nks.
C: OK.
B: Well, lhc garlic fries MC really g oorl .
Du you c.111 thcm chips in England ?
A: Ye>, lho.:y luuk good. Dul I don' t wan t a
:.t<1rter. I'll h.ive a >o.:afood s pecial.
B: Really? Are you >urd
A: Well, I'd dbo like <1 Ul:l:l l ...
K: l< ight.
C : I Ii. I le re's vou r watt>r. Are you re<1tlv tu
orrl e r?

A: Yes, l'rl like the seafood special.

C : OK . C:oorl choice.
B: And l'rl like 11 fo11r-chPPSP pina.
C : OK A11y s tarters?
B: No, th,1nks We're tinP .
C: OK So one seatoorl speci11I 11nci o n!'
four cheese pizza
A: Thal was delicious
B: CuuJ. /\1c you rc.1dy for dessert'
A: Actu<1lly, 1' 111 full.
C: Hi. H ow wa> th<1t?
ll: W ry rnce, thank>.
C: Can I g<'t you a n ything ebo.:? Su111e Jcssert?
A: No, thanks. Cou ld we have the bill, ple.l>e?
C: lhehilll
ll: I IP me11ns the check.
C: <lh, sure.

Unit 6

-. 1.41
<lxford Street 1s a fomou> >hopping ,110.:.1 in
centrnl London. Every d<1y, thuu:,<111d:, uf
people spPnd money.on f(1od, dothe> <111<.l
electronics. It's also a good pl<1Lc fur bu>ko.:1 tu
earn money. I his Scottish bagpiper often pl,t),
on< >xforrl C.treet bPcausP people g1\'e him
coins ;inrl sm11 ll 11mounts of money. But dftcr"
tew honrs, thilt c11n add up to d lot of 111011ey.
One o t the hest pl11ces on thP strPPt for busker>
is nc.:ir to~ currency exc h;ingP office. Tourist>
go there .1nd change their mrn1Py. I 11Pn, when
they come out, they otte 11 g ive their small
coins to the bus ker befo re they go shopping .



A : Hello, I work tor the muse 11m 11nrl wP'ci

like lo interview visitors Your answPrs c11n
10.:.1ll y help the museum in the t11 t11re.
B: Ye>. OK, then.
A: Gre<1 l! Su, m y firs t ques tion is Arc you
here lu vi.it ,111 of the museum o r .1re yo11
here lo><:<.: uno.: o.:xhibition'
ll: Actually, I'm i.J1tere>ted i11 the e xhibition of
Anglo-Saxon object>.
A: <>h, that's good.
H: Yes, it's vPry exciting bec<1u>c I re<1u .i lul uf
history books about the Anglo-Saxun>.


A: OK. Anrl how rlo yrn1 know ~bout the

f'Xhihi tionl
H: I rParl iln Article .1bout the exhibition in thl!
A: Excu>l! !Ill!, I wurk fur the 111u,eum. Can I
a>k 1 uu >U11tl! tjue:.tions about you r 11,it
C: Err, ; ure. W!tdt kmd of quP<;tlon'I
A: Well, my f1r't quP<;tlon i' thi': Are you here
to 11s1t all of thP m11,P11m or Me you here
to 'el' orw pxhihition:'
C: I don't know, rPillly. 1'vly ch ildren h.wc
a school projPct ilho11t <1rch~eology .1nd
h1'itory 'o \l'P CilmP here It 's m1 first time
in il m1!'iP1tm.
A: l<Pillly? l<i it interesting'
C': Not tor me I think hi s tory'> bu1ing but 111y
childr0n ~ire C')..d lcd.
A: Oh. Well, ,11<.: they in tl!rl!:.!cd i11 a 'penal
pc1 iud u f l1 b tu1)?
C: I dt>1t ' t k11uw. I' ll d'k tlwm. K1rl'i! Kirl'!




,., 2.3

Convers~t i o n

A: Hi' Hdlu? 1' 111 wllet:ting for a charity.
B: E1 r. Wit.it':. 1t for exactly?
A: It':. for poor d11ldrPn 111 rliffPrPnt countries
We UM:~ tlw m01wy for foorl ilnrl hos pit~Js
<1nd <1!"1for1ww 'chool,. "in could you
g11p II' <;OmPthin r, :'
H: YP'i, CPrtnin lv. t IPrP you ~re
A: I hnnk' ,.,,n; m11ch ,
H: Yo11 ' rp w<'lrome
Cunver:.dti un t w o
A: HP)'. ( iln I "'k yo11 something'
H: YP'i, of rn11r'iP. Whilt is it?
A: WPll, I rlon' t h.we ~n y money un til
tomorrow Could you lend Il1l! :.u111l!
B: I'm st;IT\'. but I c,rn' t.
A: 0,1n't '"" " I Llll .i:.k :.u111eone eJ,e.
B: OK. St>II\.
( 'onver<;Mion th ree
A: Oh nu 1 It' :. t11ti pt>Llltd:. fur the ca r park.
I c)nl v h,11 i.: ,1 fi 1 l! puu11d note.
B: Su "It.it':. till! problem?
A: Tl1i.: 111.ic!ti11i.: t<1ke' coins. You nrn't 11,P
llt>ti.::.. C<111 I bormll' thP monPv l
B: Adu<11ly, I' m afr111rl I rlon't hil~'P ilny coins
I on!\' ha1p a tPn-po11nrl note' llut look'
It takP'i crPrl1t ca rrl , .
A: I hil\'Pn ' t r,ot .1 credit cMd.
H: I >on't worry I h.we

Unit 7
In lh2ll, onP h11ndrPrl ;md twent1 people
trn1f'l lPrl ilCro'i'i tlw At1.1ntic Occ,rn. The :.hip
wa<; callPd thP Milyllower It left England
on ~ptPmhe l' C.th At first. the wi.:,11hi.:1 11'<1>
good, but l~h:-r. there were b,1d :. tu1111 ~ dt :.e<1.
l'l'cntu.11ly, .1fter 2,750 mile>, the M<1vflower
.uril'cd in thi.: 'Ni.:" Wurld' (11ow Arrwnca) rn1
No1 i.:mbi.:1 11th. The people on thP ship wPrP
t!ti.: iir:.t Eurupt:cllt' to h1p 111 thP 'Npw World'
Aftt:r tl11:. JOUrney, thP MayflowPr sililed across
the Atldnhc <>CPan foor morP time5. On ib final
JOUrm~', 1t IPft I nr,lanrl , h11t it nel'l'r ,1rrivcd in
Amen ca.

I - l nte1v iewe1; H = Hi s lori,111
I: Thb "i.:i.:k'> prugr<1111me i:. about a famotl'i
jou1 ni.:1 11i.:.irly u11e hundred ypa rs ilgo. In
1920, <111 ,1c1uplc111e rnlled thP Sl11Pr ()oPPn
t1<11 died fru111 Englcmd to Capp Iown. It
".i:. the fir:.t <1eroplane to travf'I on thi'
juumt:). Here 111 the studio to tPll 11s ilhout
thb joumt:y 1s travPI historian Nigel l<oss
H: Hello.
I: So Nige l, 111 1';121), this was a sma ll

1i.:1upl.111e and then wPrPn 't many airports

i11 Africa at that timP. How dange rous w;:is
this journpy/
Oh, it wa' \'Pry rlangerous tor the two
Ye<;, the lwo pi lots wc1i.: Pierre V<111
l<ynevcld .rnd Qui11tin Br.u1J. Did tht:y
h~\'C nl.1p:. fu1 thi:. juumt:y?
Yes. they did. Wdl, fur some parts of thf'
jou1 ni.:y. Fur examplt:, tlwy harl map' tor
Emupc, Egypt dnd South Africa. B11t they
d id11 ' t h11ve maps for ntlwr pilrt' ot A h'ic;:i
J\11d \\'hy d id they go on thi' jo11rney? W,1s
it fur the m01wyl
All trd1ellers and Pxplorer' go tor different
rt.'c1:.on,, But Van l<vnPve lrl ;:ind 13r;:ind
didn ' t go for tlw m'oney I think they flew
tlwrP hPCat"P it was new They ",rnti.:d tu
hP th<' first.


I he s~ig~ lives in Ci.:nt1.d A:.id. In tht:

spring, it w,111<., tu higher places. A ma IP
s.1ig.1 c,111 ",1lk thirt)-five k1lomPtrP'i a rlay
.1nd it', fo:.ti.:r them a femalP. I hf' jo11rney
b mu1c difficult for a fpmalP 'air,il because
:.!ti.: hc1:. her calf m thP <ipring.
M.111y turtlPs swim longPr dist~nccs th.1n
uther spa animals, h11t the loggcrhc,1d turtle
h<1s a longPr jo11rney than o ther t urtle>. It
leavpo; thP hP<-lCh as a b~b y .rnd it :.wi111:.
arounrl fourteen thous.1nd kilumct1i.:>.
I iftPPn years l.1tc>r. the fi.:m.1li.: turtle return'
to tlw same be.Kh and lay:. egg>.
IrPP trogs go on sho1 ti.:1 juun icy:. than othn
anim~ Ls, but for ,1 :.nt.t!I tree frog the JOUrnPy
isn't c.hicr. E1 i.:1 y :.pri11g it <.:limbs down a
tree. Th.11':. .ibuLtl thirtv metres. It lays P!jg'
in w.ller .ir1J th.:11 returns up thP trPf'. I 'or a
tree f1ug th.it'> <t very long JOtlrl1PY.

C nnvf'rsation on e
C =Dr C unnin g ham, E = Dr Eg.rn
C': I >octor Eg.rn' Doclo1 Eg.111?
I' YPs, are you Docto1 Cu1111i11ghu rn ?
C": 'I hat's rig ht. Nici.: tu 111ei.:t you. But plPaSP,
c.111 me Suni.1.
ice to 111i.:L:t 1uu too, Soma. I'm ( harlP5.
C: H o11 """ yuL1r flight?
E: Nut b<1d. A bit tmng bPcau'P WP were
Jd,1yed for tPn hours .
C: Th<1t'' nght. I got yo11r mc>ss~ge .
E: Oh that's coorl . But I h;:id ~ )!,OOd night',
slPPp ilt thP "irport h otel.
C: Oh wa' it comfort.1blc'
E: Yf',, vPry. I teel fine now.
C: ( .rPat! ( iK My c.u is out:.iJi.:.
E: l<icht. 1 e t's go
Cun vt.'rsa ti o n t wn
F = Frient.l, E = Dr Egan
F: Hello CharlP'i. I low was your trip'
E: VPr)' intPrP~ t in g . At1d l h.1d somi.: very
11<;pf11 I m eeti 11gs w ith Doc tu1 CL11111i11gl1<1m.
I': <;oorl Did you try thi.: luc<1l fuud ?
I:: Yes, l did . It
dd iciuu:.. I <1te frpsh
sc~tood e1c11 night.
F: And" h.1t ",.,the wedther hkf' I
E: Te11 iblc! 011 the second day wP rn11lrln't
lhl\ cl d11ywhere.
F: Wh)? Wit.it hc1ppened ?
E: There""",, ti.:rrible storm. It rainPrl tor
twent)' fuur hours and a ll thf' marls wel'e


Unit 8

I w;1s in the city of Iluilu i11 the Ph1hpp111Ps
lilst month. I wanted tu :.ee the Dmagyang
Pestiv.11. Thi.: fi.::. tiv.il is i!lWdY' on thP fo11rth
Su nd.1y in j,1nu.11 y. It', tht.' most famo u s
festiv.11 in thi.: Phi lippine> cllld thousanrls of

loc,11 people ,1nd tuu1 bl> wmc tu thl! city.

Croup> of luc.11 pi.:upli.: wi.:.ir culourful dutht::.
,rnd 11i.1ki.: up. The11 they da11ct.' through the
:.trcct~. The music Wil' reallv loud. l also ate
lot' of lora I food - it was rl~hcio11'i 1

A: l'vp r,ot ~ome photogrJphs here tram my
holirla y in Sp~in
II: Uh, let me see.
A: This one is from .1 tuwn called B.1nyulc:..
It's in c.11.1loni,1.
Il: Wh,11', thb uni.:?
A: Th b b of 1h1i.:c cltilJ1i.:11 i11 11111:.k:.. It """ ,,
:.pedal fi.::.ti1 .ii. The) ,tl11 <11:. It.ii e it i11 the
>Llll1111L:I. Pi.:uplc t:Ullle iro111 cl ll uver for the
fuud ,111d 111u:.ic.
B: Why hc11e they got tlwsP masks?
A: It'' p<1rt of tlw fpst1val. 1lw mask' arP
ral lPrl rnpgro,,n, in thP local l."ng11CJgE>.
I think they're a bit ugly
I.I: Oh no' I d on'l think :.o. He'> got ,1 f,1111,,,tic
white f.Kc. And luuk ,11 thu:.c 11.:d d1i.:i.:b.
A: Yc,1h, but hi.: h.i:.11't gut ,1111 C)ebru11>.
B: Oh, lh,ll'> right. Well, he'> got 011e. So dre
tltt.:) brother:. c111d :.i,ter?
A: Ye>, thc1t'' right. I thmk this onp'<; thP oldPst
brother. Or maybP lw's tall hPrnusP hp's got
tha t big hat. And ,1w, hi.' littlP ,;,tPr. SI""~
got g rPat big hlllP P)'PS.
H: Slw ' ~ ~imi l ar to m y rla11ghter with that
blonrlP hair and the red ribbon
A: I hopP ~he isn't'

I his l'olga tribesman b ,1 d.111cc1 ,11 ,1 fi.::.ti 1 ,11
in P~pu~ New Cuini.:a. All lhi.: mi.:n ail! t,11l .ind
h;:i nd some ,rnd th i.:y'vi.: gut culuwiul dutl1c~
with red h,11, u1 i.:1 lheir-:.hurt, ti.irk h<1ir.
Thi.:y'I i.: gut white idtl!> ,111d bl.it:k line:. c1ruu11d
thi:i1 u1uw11 eye>, u11 their t.',Vebrow>, <1nd on
tltl!i1 d1eek>. The mdn 111 the photo has got rPd
011 !ti:. lip' cmd nosP, and hp'<; got hlack on his
t:hin <111d a stnng of sf'ashPlls aro11nrl hi ' nPck.

S =S.1111, C =C illid111
S: He llo?
G: H1 Sam. I'm calling from lokyo.
S: Sorry, who's spPilking-1
( ; : Sam. It'' mP. ( ;iJJian
S: ( >h <;orry. CilliJn It's~ re;:illv b.1d line. Ci1 e
me the number of your hotel .111d I c.111 c.11l
you b.Kk.
G: No. I'm not :.l,1 ying i11 Tukvu. 1' 111 ll'<tili11g
for my Oight .it tl1i: ,1 i1pu1l.
S: Where llH: yuu gui11g nuw?
C: To Vil!lna111. Hu Chi Mi11h Citv.
S: Oh I :.i.:e. /\re yuu trc11 elli11g oi1 yuur uwn ?
C: 1 u, Ji.: b with m e. We' re workmg on a
pIUjed together. It'' dbou t fa,hum 111 Asia.
S: Grc<1t. Cc1n you e mail mt' sonw nf your
G: SurP, but my pmail i<;n 't working at the
S: ( >K, ~Pnd them tomorrow Dye

l<ei nier Gerritsen is oni.: uf m1 f.i1 lJLll ilt.:
pho togr.1phcrs. Hi.:', fIUlll the Nt:therl.utd>, but
you c.1n often sec hb phutu:. a1uu11J lite wu1 Id ,
in 111.ig.izincs lind son1ctin1c:, in ~~1lh.:ric~. I' , c
got some books b y him,,, wdl. Hi:. pltulu:.
~re vc>ry interes ting. Thi.:y ufll!n :.ltuw people
in their e1eryd.1y life. Thb uni.: i:. u11 lhl! New
York subw,1y. It's c,1dy mu111i11g :.u l think
most of the peopli.: ,ui.: 11,11 dli11g tu wurk.
They're ,11l st.rnding du:.i.: together, but thev
aren' t t.1lking to i.:.Kh uthi.:r. Well, un the right,
the m,111 ,111d wu111.i11 .ire t<1lki11g, but the other>
aren't. The wu111iu1 i11 the middle i> rec1thng
hi.:1 buuk. And i11 fru11 t uf her the woman w ith
blunJi.: It.ii i i:. li:.te11i.J1g to 1r1u"c. Then the


othPr hlonrl!' " oman '"1 the left i> ".1 td1j11g
hPr. I'm not sure w h .11 , he', thi11ki11g, bu t
<;hf' lnnk' .1 bit ,.1d. Oh .rnd luuk ,11 the othe r
wnman ;it the back. She'> luuki11g >trc1ight
at the photogr.1phc1. I t.1kc the trn111 to work
i>very day, but I nc\'CJ tl1i11k <1bout thl' o thPr
p0ople. I li ke it bcc.iu>c I don' t norma lly look
11 people 'c1y du>ely. But Cl'rnl<;Pn rloP<;.

Unit 9
Fur <1 'i>itor to tlw ci ty of ">yrlney, it ' s .1 strange
>ight. You arP rln\'ini; pa<;t the h;irbour with
1t> fdnta-;llc virw ot the opera house. "hen
you -;urlrlPnly <;el' the huge f.Kc of .1 >lccpu1g
woma11. Mut tor local people. thi> outdoor
cinPma is popul.11' du1 ing the lung hut >ummPr
P\'Pnings The screen i:, tlic ::,c.111tl:' ~iLe c1~ a
l.1rg e building .rnd it ' .1bu' c the wc1 ter. Tlw
.1 udicnce c,1n >it Ull lite Uedlh or 111 IJWlr car<;
.1s they w.1td1 their f,l\ounte dctor' 111 thP
J.11C>l fi!n1.

~ 2.15
( ~ C h arles, B = Bc;ita
C: Hey' Bc,1t,1. Stup!
B: Hi Ch.irlc>. Sorry, but I' m go111g to huy
" tiLket for the 1wxt fil m . It <;IMt<; in five
111i11ute>. It'' callPd /\111 Wl'dd111 ~ n11d Of/1~r
Sctrcb. Are you grnni to <;PP it'tno?
C: o, I'm not, hut whM arP you doing
aflPrwarrls! I lirliPr, Monica and I MC going
to ht1vf' ciinnPr ;it~ J.111~ncsc rcs l~u1 r~1nt. 01..1
vo u \Vflnt tn con1e?

l:l: '.orry, h11t I' m not going to s ta1 uut l,1tc

tonight I'm tired

( : 'iure.
II: Uh, l mus t go. B\ c.
C: D}c See you latc1.

2. 17
I = JnterviewPr, A = Adrian Seym o ur
I: I lnctor Adri.111 Sevmour i> .i film Jircllor
.1nd a wildlife biologi>l. He tr,J\ cb
to dilferent p.H'b u f the wurltl to film
animals in the wi ld. You Ldll >ee lus fil ms
c>n televis ion and 011 the l11ternet. Todav
I' m t.1lking lo Adri,rn <1uout h1> films. So,
Adrian, ho1~ do vuu pl.i11 d film ?
A: A t the beginning, tl u.:rc i d lot of plannmg
lor the jou1ncv. You It.ii c he<11'y cc1mera
equipment :,u it', cxp1:11>1ve to travel. Anci
\ ou often need >peu<1l \'l>d to film m
~01nc Luu11tn~s.

I: Huw 111<111y people work on thP fi lm ?

A: It depend' on thP film. Hut thPrP ~ a lways
,1 dircLtur <111d a camera pPr<;on . <ln bigger
film:. you nePd more pPoplP.
I: Anti how long does 11 takP to make a H!m?
A: Well, I' m p lanning a film at th!' moment
.rnd we' re gomg to film it in th!' s ummer.
TI1en I'm gomg to Prlit it in the autumn So
111 total, 1t ta ke<; aho11t a yeM
I: So tP ll U<; about yolll' ne~t lilm project.
Where arP you going?
A: lo Malay<;ia
I: Why arP you going there'
A: I'm coing to Mal.1ys i.1 to ni.1ke ,, fi lm fu1
telPvi<;ion. It's abou t a ni.1n c.1 ll cd Alfred
J{11<;<;Pll W;ill.Ke I le w.1s a famuu explorer
in thP nine tecnth century. A ftt.:1 th.it, 1'111
coing to Indonesia f,>r three" ed.:..
I: Why are you going the re'
A: lo have ,1 holicfay'

R = Rac h t!l , A - A drian a
Con vcr>dliun u n e
R: H1 Adriana . JI'<; J<achPI.
A: Hi. Sorry, hut I'm ;it work. I can ' t talk now.

R: I know, hut I'm going tu th<.: the.itre

tonig ht I've got two liLkcb fur P/11111111111 nf
l/11' ( >1iern M y fr iend wurk <1 t the theatrP
anrl sometime:. he get free t1ekets.
A: ( ;real
ll: So wou ld \ uu like tu come?
A: Th,1nks. I'd love to. When 1s il l
R: Tonight'
A: Tonight?
R: Ye>, "I c vuu free?
A: 1'111 orr)'. but I'm workinr, late tonjght.
R: Oh. C<ln't you a<;k your manager'
A: I rnn Irv.
R: OK. Myf..
Conver .ili u n t wo
R: Ht'ilcil
A: H1 J{achPI. It's me ag.1in . Du) uu :.till hc11e
thP P\ tra ticket'
J{: YP<;, why' Do you ''"1111 to go?
A: Ye-;, my man ,1gcr sa id I L,111 fi 11 i:,h early.
Wh;it time doc> it >l<1rt?
R: At seven thi1 l\ :,o let' meet at sPven
outs ide the thc.1t1c.
A: Th,1t 's g1c.i t. Sec you at e1'Pn.

Unit 10
l'eople often co111p.irc the bra m w ith a
computc1. And it' > true, there arP <;imi lari ties
For cx,1111plc, uuth uf them nPPCT PnPrgy. But
bo th u>c different typPs of PnPri;y. A compu ter
need dcLtricd l enPrgy, hu t thP hr.1 in uses
d11.:111iL,1b and chem ical Pne rgy Another
:.i111il<1ntv 1' thev both ~ tore inlormation. On<.:
big d1fferPnce 1s that computers Me eas) tu
fix. OK, Ml somP ti mP~ you h;ivc problem>
with you r laptop . Maybe i t gets ,1 viru> .111d
you can't fix it, but the man a t th<.: Lu111puter
-;hop know<; how With the brain, it' generctlly
morP rlilticult to fix .1 br.1in bcL.iuc doctors
rlon 't know everythin)?, abuu t it. In fact, thprp 's
more we DON'T kn ow .ii.Juul the bra m than
what we do knuw. TI 1c other d 1ffPrPncP i' that
.1 computc1 L11l hut down, but a brain nPver
s top>. E1 en whc11 you c1re s leepin!j, your brain


A: Hc:llu, l' J like to d>k you a fpw <]JJP<;tions
,1buut huw technology has c ha ncPrl you r

B: OK. Cu <1he<1u.
A: So, h,n e you ever bookPd a holiday ,11 a
lr<1l'el dgent ?
B: Ye:., I hdVP but it wa<; a long time .1go.
Nowadavs I a lwav' hook online.
A: Right. I hank<;. 1IPrP 's the 11e't ques tion.
Hdve you PVPr ho11ght a CD'
B: Actu ally, )'PS, I have bou gh t a CD.
Normal ly I rlown load music but l<t>l week
I bou g ht a <1>tor my fa the1. It""'" hi
h1rthrlav anrl he doesn't know huw tu
downln'arl mu sic
A: I <;PP. Anrl hetorc a CM jou111cv, h <1ve vou
PvPr 11<;e ci .1 map'

H: Yes, I have. Well, I did i11 the p<1st but now

I 11<;e ,1 sat n,1\ , \ ou kJJuw, d GPS, becau<;P I
rlrive ;i lot for m y jub.
A: OK And w h,1t ,1buut 111011cy? Hct\'e you
e ver p.1id for :,orncthi11g by chequ e ?
H: o, bcc.1usc 1, c 11c\ er l1<1u c1 chequP hook.
I pay for cH:rythi11g with I credit card . <lh,
and I .1lso ban k u11li11c.
A: Right And TV. H ,J\ c yoLJ el'er wa trhPrl a
progr.1mme ,11 thc time it', on rv1
B: Yes, of wur c. I du t!ldt ewry nig ht.
A: Su ~ou 11c1 er Wdtch TV prog rammes
B: Oh, I :.ee what you mPan. J'rr, well, I h.H c
w<1td1e<l 1'1deos on You I11he
A: OK. And f111all y, havP you e ver sen t .1 lettc1
i11 <111 envelope/

H: I rr I' m not s ure. Let 111c think. Err. No, I

haven' t bec.rn>c I >cm! t.:111.iils or IPXI<;.

I lave you C\'l:r sent,, letter?
2 Yes, he h,1s.
3 I l1;iven 't tckpho 11cu from a public
o, she h,1, 11' t!
5 We' , c: n1.:11.:r written lettPr<; hv hanrl .
6 She' boug ht d CD.
7 No, I h .i\ en 't.
8 The rnmpulPr ha<;n' t printed your photo.

Do you a lways forget n;imes and f,Kc>? All
the t1mPI Anrl how man\ numbct >LILii .i
IPIPphonP numbers can\ ou 11.:m1.:111ut::r? ut
manv! Well , meet Nelson Delli>. Nebon can
li<;IP~ to 99 n;imes and louk .1t th<.:ir foce,.
I hpn he can memorise c1 er\' one of them. HP
ran ,1 lso hc.H 300 diff<.:1c11l riumber and thPn
repe.11 them.
BcL,JLJ>c of h1> penal mPmory, Nelson h.1s
wu11 the USA MPmory ( hampionshjp twice.
He won thP rnmpNition i11 2011 and .1g,1in in
2012. ThP USA MPmory Championship> a1c
hke tlw O lympic< :ames, but the athlete> t1<1i11
tlw1r brai n<; anrl they take d ifferent 111c111orv
So ho11 due N1.:bo11 Ju 1t? He say-; hP rlO<?<;n ' t
h,1\ ca >pcLi.1! 111emory. L1kf' normal people,
h1.:':. furgutte11 nctmes, da lP<; anrl n11mhers but
in 20 10 he >tud1ed mf'mory tPchn iques ,1nd he
p1.1Ltbetl for hou r<; anrl ho11r~ and hours e,er ~
du). Since then, hp'<; won competitions and
he' t<1ugh t h is trc hni<J11 P<; to people .11l O\ e1
the USA.

R = R ich ard , 0 = O m ar
R : Hello, Omarox I .ng ineering .
0 : Ht>l lo , l{icharrl . J'hi s is OmM.
I{: HPllo, <>mar Where Me \ OLI nu"?
0 : I'm in Kuala Lumpur.
I{: <:rPat. What time is it th c1c?
0 : I rr, it's three o'clock.
I{: '' that three in the nw111i11g?
0 : o, in the ,1ftcrnoon. I\ c jut <1rnved but
my mobile is n' t wo1ki11g. 1' 111 rnll111g from
a te leph on0 at the hotel.
R: I see
0 : So I want to gi' c vou lht.: 11<1me of my
hotel for the next two dctl'' It's thP Anca<;;i
I lotcl.

R : One mu111c11l. I 11eed d pen. OK. Sorry was

th,11 the E11t<1 Hotel?
0 : o, the A11L<1 H o tel. A for applP.
R : Oh >orry. A 11c<1c1.
0 : Aud th~ n umber 1s six oh thrPP, two one
>i.\ nine, double two cio11hlP si\
R: So th<1t' 1' J'.ero thrPP, two one s i\ nine.
twu two,



0 : Tl1<1t'' nght.
R: b there

anyt h in~


0 : Yl's, onP thmi;. I lav!' you cal led ol11

collPague<; ;iho11t tomorrow'
R: Yes, I havP. I hPy r an meet you .11 th1cc.
0 : Good. An rl havP you cm.1 iled me ,ill th<.:
dt>s1g n<;!
R: No, I havPn 't because your cm.1il 11 <1>11' t
working. I hP emai l came b,Kk th1cc time
this morninr,.
0 : I hat'<; hPca11se my mobile isn't 1ctcil'i11g
Pmai l<;. I rmm , can you put them 011 the
company webs ite and I Llll dow11lu<1J
R: Yes. I've done th.1t.
0 : Oh. great. Th,111b. Bve for now.



V"' Vuice111.1il, R = Hich;ird
V: HPllo. Thi> i> the /\nc,1s,1 l lotel 1'lea<P
IPa\'I' a me<1gc ,1ftcr Lhe tone
R: I IPllo. I h1' 1> Rid1<11d S,rnger c,1 lling l'hat"<
'>-A-N-C-E-R. Thi> i>" 111c>:,.1ge for Doctor
Om~r A l Harbia. Ple<1>c tell him T c,1n'l
email thP clP<1gn' 'o they .ire un .i website
I le can down loacl them from thb ,1ddress.
h 's oma rox - thM'< O-M-A-R-0-X dul
com s l,1s h e da<h onP, once dg<1i 11 th,1t'>
uni.110' dol com <ia<h P clash one. And L" '
he Lall me b,Kk on my mohilP number?
Th<1t', 0770 231 3785 Ur Pmai l nw at
r_,,111gcr@um.irox.com l'lea<P g i\'P him
th1' me>><1gc before he leaves this morning.
It'~ urgent.



t ;m you Cdll ji111 l.i.1Lk this evening7

l'cl hkP you to e111<1il the d,1Le of Lhe
C.~n ym1 mPPt Mrs River:, <1l the ,1irporl'
Would yo11 hook a room for twu 11ighl> ,1l
Lhe hotel?
Clll you h11y hvo nPw mobile phu11c:,?







Unit 11

~ 2 .32

When I wa< ninPtPPn, I took ti g<1p ye<1r
between schoo l ~nrl 11ni vPrs1ty. I '11\'ed >lllllC
111unc\ ,l!ld Lhen I went backpackmg around
the wwld . Mv f,wourite mPmorv is when I
"'"" t1 '" clling in Lhe desert in l ~rrlan and
I met >u111c luL,11 people. They were rnllPcl
Bedou111 ,1 nd they li ved in Lents in the d P<<'rt.
I hPv were \ 'en f1 ic11dlv .ind in\'iled me tor
tPa. 11 \\'a' ,1 hC,t ,iftc111uun, bul Lhey put the
t;ihlP out'i1de dnd 111<1dc h ut lc,1 . We .ill s,1l
in thP m1cidle of the Jc:,crt, d1 ,111k Le,1 ,l!ld
w;itchPcl till' sun go down. It w.i:, wondcrfu JI


I "' Interv iewer, J J ,rn

I: I li>Jlo and weku111c tu yulll weekly podcast
trom md1Ptrdvehnfu.w111. Wi th me Lod,1y
i~ trnvPI writPr Jan L<1nting with :,umc
morP <t1!jgP<hons on hohd<1v:, fur lite
indepPnrlPnt travPllPr. So Jai1, tod<1y I w<1nt
lo start with yo11r advlCP for tr<1veller:, thi:,
month We're <itting in I .ondon and it'>
the end of March Can you g1vp nw some
:,ugg<:slions for good p lacP< to v isit?
J: We ll ,1clu,1 lly, you don't haw> to IPavP
Engl,111d. There .ire some nicP placf's to
\ i'it. L1,t "eek I w,1s in a place callPcJ
Thurk:,tunc. It', in the so uth-west o t
Engl,111d <1nd it',, ,1 bc,1uliful part ot the
I: \Vhat'~ the be't \I'd\ tu tr.ii cl there?
J: ( ;oorl <]UPSiion. Yot1 Ldll UU\ .i return tickC'l
on th<' trnm but actu<1lly I think yuu >hould
rent .1 car. I hPn you can dnve alu11g the


And wh.1t'< thP wPathpr hke dt thb ti1111: uf


j : Sometimes it min< so you should take"


I: OK So alter I nglancl, IPt's tra\el

son1e\vh(\re \V;irn1Pr.


In the big Li lic>. hotels .ire often b11'y

so you shou ld buuk in ,1dvance. Uut in
thP cou ntryside it',, nu problem. You ca n
;i lwa ys find a room. I <1bu rcLummend a
tom in to thP JLmgle.
f"he j11nglPI!
That's right. You can go walking tl11uugh
Lhe jLmgle anrl <PP lot< of a ma.-::mg ,111i111<1b
,llld pl.lilts
Should I go on my own or with a tour
gu ide'
Yuu :,huuldn' l go inlo the junglP on you r
ow11. /\ lw.iy> go wilh ,, loc,1J guirle bPrnusP
1t c<111 be d,111gc1ou
Sure. Now for uur fi n,11 deslin,1Lion The
I hat's right. The Arctic.
llut it'< \'Prv mid.
Yes, yo11 ,1{oulrl n 't go 111 the w inter bcL<1u:,c
it's very col d a nd vPry rlMk. At tht! end of
M,1rch. it's s unny ilnrl the rlay< arP lon ger
:,u you ,ho uld go then
Ye:,, but how do you get there? Shoulrl I
go o n 111y own ur w ilh ,1 Lo ur?
It's very diffiLult u11 yuu r own, but you c;i n
take a >hip with" lul uf tr,wcl comp.ulies
now. They u ffer >pcLi,11 luurs. So it is
pos~1blP. If you w<1n t 111urc dct,1ib, there
arP lin ks on my blog at www ...

OK Well, M;ila y~ia is good for this ti111c uf

yc.ir It's very hot.
I: Cre.it, maybe I shoul rl takP a hohdav there.
Wli.1l ,1bout the bngu;igp? I )o pPopiP spe<1k
E11gli:,h ?
J: Ye:,," lut uf people s peak some I :ncli<h.
But uf Luc11,c, when you trnvpl yo11 <hould
t<1kc ,1 ph1,1'c book ,1Jld learn ;i tPw phrn~Ps
in the luL,11 l,rngu,1ge ,1s wel I
I: And wh<1t .il.>uul hotels'

A: I hat look< mteresting.

13: Yes, it's a holicfay broch ure.

A: Oh really?
B: Yes, I've got a month in South AmPnca ;o
I'm looking at places to go.
A: I wenl there I.isl ye.1r It's iln ama7ing part
of the world. I wcnl o n ,1 cruise a ll the w;iy
from Br<1Lil tu /\rgcnli1i.1 . You s h ould go on
B: Ye,, but 1'111 intcrc:,tcd in Lhe wildlife.
A: How abou t vi>itiJ1g th<: /\11dc>' Th,1l was
part of m y bus tour i11 Chile.
H: Hut thP disadvantage i:, that thc1c ,11c
lot< o f o thPr people with " bu:, tuur. I like
travP lli r1g on my own.
A: llut the arlvantagP is that you see 111ore
with a tom g 11irlP. Anrl you v1s1t pldces
other tourists rlon't normally go to.
B: I Imm . M,1ybe you 're right.
A : C1n I m,1ke ,, suggestion? If you ha vP a
month, why don't you go on a tour for hvo
week> /\ND lhcn you could tiavel on yo11r
uwn <1ftcn\ ,11 cb.
B: Actually, th,1t',," re.illy guod idc,1

Unit 12

~ 2.35
lr<1 Block touk thi, pholo o f .in lnuit man 11ear
h is home in the /\rLliL drdc. He li ves on U.1!1in
Is land m C,m<1J<1. Th<1t',, <1buul Lwo .ind h.ilf
thousand k1 lometre' from the Nu1 th Pole. The
ln11it man 1s also holding another phutu b y
Ira Block. Ira took this photo in the US :,t<1tc
ot Sou th Carolin;i which 1s about two c1nd lmlf
thousancl kilometrP< from thP equa tor. Im touk
the two photo' bP~a 11 <P abou t fifty-six m1ll io11
ycMs ,1go, the A rctir <'irclP probably looked
like South Carolin;i torlay. 'I hi' tPmpPra ture
,1L Lhe Arctic Circle wa< aro11nd twf'nty-f1ve
degrees Celsius. owarl;iy<, th!' avPrage
tempNah1re in th P Arctic is arou nd mmus
ten degrees .

~ 2.36

It'll r,1i.n here tonight.

I will visi l sp,Kc in my lite timP.
I think 1' 11 lc.irn Sp,1.nish
Wi ll you visi l me Olle day?
The pcrccnt,1ge of people in thP
LUuntry:,ide wi ll dccrc,1sc.
I dun ' t think there'll be more s n ow
thi:, wintc1.

,,., 2.37
A: It 's the Jecpc:,t pl.ice on the larth and
hPfore now, nubod y h;is ever bPPn to the
bottom. But the film director ;inrl Nnlw1111/
<;,,ngrnpliic explorer James C1meron has
travPlli"rl down to the butlom ol the
Mariana l'r pnch. With me in Lhe studio i<
our scienrP PxpPrt Jenny W,iltc1s to tell 11<
how he did it.
B: Good evening.
A: Su jenny. Firs t ot a ll, how dee p i:, the

Mc.1rian,1 Trench?

It'> clc1 cn kilometres to tlw bottom. Th.it',,

a long w,1y down.

A: lndet!d, und h uw lo ng d id the jmmwy
13: JamP< Cameron touk u1 er two hour< to gpt
to the bottom and then he :,pcnl ,1bout fom
h o urs down thf'rP.
A: /\nd how did hP travPI there? In :,umc kind
uf :,ubm,uinc'
B: Tl1<1t':, right. IL w,1s a speci;il onP-md11
A: I see. How big b il exactly?
li: It's seven 111ctrc' long but it ha< a big
Pn g m e so there bn't much space for a
hum an.
A: So yo11 ' rp m a >111<111 :,p,icc ,1nd it's dark
rlown thPrP. l could11' t Ju il. I low well
co11lrl lw <PP?
13: It's very rlark hut the sub111<11 inch.is light,,
of course. So ( 'amPron cou ld :,cc >mall sea
crc,1lures. J le describPrl 1t as d 'de:,c1 t'. He
<1bu had film camera< on thP subm<1r inc
,11 1J he pl,rns to m.1ke il 1 1>-film about the
A: And of cour:,c hc bn'l Lhe tirst PxplnrPr,"
hP I How many other explorers llil\'P hPPn
B: I hPrP was one other. Dun W,1Jsh went
down in 1960, but he didn' t go to the
bottom . lri fact hP wa> 011 the >hip whim
Cameron wPnt rlown.
A: \Vow' I low olrl i< hf' now?
B: I think he's in hi< Pighhe,.
A: Th,1l's ,111i.1zing! Anrl I havP one l,1>t
4uc:,tion th,1t everyone wants to know the
dn>wc1 lo. How much dirl lanws Cameron
'pe11d u11 Lhis7 Thousands? Millions?
B: I'm <1fr<1id I dun ' t know, but him< likP
Til1111i~ ,111d Awt111 m.1dc ,1 lot ot monPv at
tlw cmern<1 >o I think he could ,1ttorrl it.

,,., 2.38
Good morning, and th,111k yuu fur coming My
name's I )avi ;ind I'm from Br<1Lil. Tod,1y, I'd
like to talk ;iho11t ;in 1mport<111l J,11 in my ye.1r
ca lled J.:arth I >ay.
F1r>t of <111, E.irlh D.1 y began o n April 22nd
in 'l'J70. Over 20 1nillio11 people wPnt to
loarth Day in diffcrcnl cities ,icross tlw l JSA.
I hPrP were politidun>. te,ichers, ,1 rtis ts ;incl
m11sicians. Smee th<1t J<1y in 1970, EMth I >ay
h.1s bPconlP famous <1l l ov<:r the world .
Nuw.id,l}S. more than 17'i co11ntne' have""
E<1rth Dai. Lots of people rlo rliffPrPnt thing, .
L1>t yc,11, people i.n China pla11tPd 600,000
new tree:,. In New Orleans in th<' JJSA, they
put 300,000 energy efficient bulbs into hou;e,,_
Aud fin,illy, in m y country lot< of pPople
picked up 1ubbish in the citiP< and m the
cuu ntry:,ide.
In rnndus1on, I reully th ink E.irlh Day is
import;int. NPxt year, I hupc you will do
something on Earth D<1y. Th,111k vou very
much tor li<tPnin g.