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ATA 24

Electrical Power

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY


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MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

ELECTRICAL POWER GENERAL

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 IDG System - IDG and GCU - General


DESCRIPTION
GEN 1, GEN 2 and APU GEN are associated with a generator control
unit which provides voltage regulation and protection against the
following faults:

Integrated Drive Generators (IDGs)


The IDG connected to each engine consists of a constant speed drive
unit and a generator. The constant speed drive unit converts the variable
engine speed to a constant generator rotation speed. Generator
frequency is maintained at 400 Hz.

FAULTS
Overvoltage

The IDG has a self-contained lubrication system. The oil is cooled by an


air-oil and a fuel-oil heat exchanger attached to the engine.

Undervoltage

Generator Control Units (GCUs)

Overfrequency

Three GCUs are installed, one for each IDG and one for the APU
generator. They provide the following functions:

Underfrequency

Voltage regulation.

Control protection functions.

An overvoltage, under-voltage, over-frequency, under frequency


or differential fault de-energizes the generator and opens the
gen-erator line contactor. Same applies when the appropriate
ENG FIRE handle is pulled.

The phase sequence protection prevents closure of the


generator line contactor in case of an incor-rect phase
sequence.

EFFECTS
Line contactor opens
Generator is
de-energized

Differential faults
Incorrect phase sequence

Line contactor opens

Warnings and indications.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

Electrical Power - Component Location

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

Generation

A300/Some A310 AC Power Generation - Power Sources and Controls

Further to triggering of a protection device (except differential


protection) it is possible to reset the system by pressing to release
the GEN pushbutton switch (OFF/R selection).

Generator Drive

Each GCU includes an integrated test and self monitoring system


which analyses most of the defects affecting the channel and
memorizes the corresponding data in a non-volatile memory, via the
ground power control unit (GPCU).

The three aircraft generators are driven at constant speed, so that


the distribution network can be supplied with a fixed frequency.
Each engine generator is driven by means of an integrated
hydromechanical speed regulator (IDG: Integrated Drive
Generator).

The static inverter transforms the direct current voltage (28VDC)


from the essential bus (DC ESS BUS) into a single phase (115V
400Hz) alternating current.

The auxiliary generator is directly driven at constant speed by the


APU. In the event of mechanical failure, an IDG can be
disconnected by means of a PUSH to DISC IDG pushbutton
protected by a guard and located on ELEC PWR panel on overhead
panel.

The static inverter starts automatically in the event of AC essential


bus loss to supply the emergency bus (AC EMER BUS).

It is to be noted that the disconnection mechanism can be reset


only on ground with engine shut down. It cannot be activated with
engine not running.

Each generator delivering 3 - phase 115/200 VAC/400 Hz voltage is


controlled by means of the GEN pushbutton switch located on
ELEC PWR panel on flight compartment overhead panel and via a
generator control Unit (GCU).

Its nominal alternating current 3-phase power under 115 v is 5 Kva


and direct current power under 28 v is 50A.
The generator is controlled and protected by a generator control
unit (GCU) which provides alternating current and frequency
regulations.

The GCU main functions are:


to control the generator voltage by regulating the exitation
current

to protect the network and the generator by controlling the


associated line contactor and generator energization.

to control the warnings associated with the corresponding


channel.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

Standby generator and generator control unit (GCU)


The standby generator is driven by a hydraulic motor powered by
the Green hydraulic system, the whole forming a single assembly.

Generator and Generator Control Unit

Static inverter

The standby generator starts automatically in the event of loss of


both main generation sources or of the auxiliary generation to
supply the es- sential buses (AC ESS BUS 3XP-2), the alternating
current emergency bus (AC EMER BUS) and the direct current
essential bus (DC ESS BUS).

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A300/A310

A300/Some A310 AC Power Generation - Power Sources and Controls

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generation - Transfer Circuit


Transfer Circuit

BTC No.2 control is symmetrical.

The transfer circuit enables supply of both or either AC electrical network


(S) from one of the four power sources (GEN 1, GEN 2, APU GEN, EXT
PWR) via the transfer contactors (BTC). The BTC control is entirely
automatic and depends only on the availability of these sources.

Networks 1 and 2 are supplied in priority order:


by the corresponding generator
by the electrical ground power unit
by the auxiliary generator
or by the other generator.

The BTC No. 1 closes


when the generator is not available, in order to supply network 1
from another power source (generator 2, auxiliary generator or
ground power unit).
to supply network 2 from generator 1, if generator 2, auxiliary
generator and electrical ground power unit are not available.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

NOTE: The BTC is locked out when a DP fault exists in zone 2 in order
to isolate the faulty section of the circuit.

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A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generation - Transfer Circuit BTC1/2

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/Some A310 AC Distribution Network - Network Number 1 and 2


Distribution
The alternating current distribution network can be divided into two
independent parts.
Network No. 1 comprises normal bus 1 (AC BUS 1) essential bus (AC
ESS BUS) and emergency bus (AC EMER BUS).
These three busses are supplied in series. The normal 1 and essential
busses are three phase 115 V/400 Hz busses.
The emergency bus is a single phase 115 V/400 Hz bus.
Network No. 2 includes normal bus 2 (AC BUS 2) which is a three phase
115 V/400 Hz bus.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

Each above mentioned bus also delivers 26 V/400 Hz power supply


through 115/26 V transformer.
In the event of normal bus 1 loss, the essential bus can be manually
recovered by transfering power supply directly from generator 1 or 2
through the ETC 2 or 3.
Transfer is effected by pressing OVRD SUPPLY 1 or 2 pushbutton
switch under the corresponding guard located on ELEC PWR panel on
overhead panel. It is to be noted that both OVRD SUPPLY pushbutton
switches have a specific function during the smoke emergency
procedure.
NOTE: Part of this network can be supplied independently and directly
via the external ground receptacle to carry out ground service
operations.

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A300/A310

A300/Some A310 AC Distribution Network - Network Number 1 and 2

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 DC Power Generation - Generation Sources


Direct Current Generation and Distribution

Each battery is controlled from the ELEC PWR panel on flight


compartment overhead panel by BAT pushbutton switch and via a
battery charge controller which enables:

Direct current is generated by three identical tranformer rectifiers or by


the AC/DC generator standby or by three identical batteries.

battery charge control by coupling the battery to the network or


uncoupling it from the network

Each transformer rectifier transforms the three phase alternating


current into direct current.

battery charge monitoring and detection of thermal runaway at its


early stage

As soon as it is energized, the transformer rectifier operates and


supplies the direct current network via a contactor controlled by a
current sensor.

control of line connection to battery power to recover the


essential network in the event of normal supply loss.

Transformer rectifier

The three batteries can be connected to the line either:


This sensor, the function of which is to protect the network and the
TR, controls the contactor opening in the event of:

high reverse current (short circuit) in the distribution bus to TR


direction or TR overheat.

In a normal operating DC power system, a wide dispersion between


the transformer rectifiers output currents can be observed, but as
long as no warning is triggered, the system operates within its design
limits.

Batteries

automatically,

at the beginning of the APU starting sequence.

when both automatic pilot systems are selected in LAND


mode

or manually, when BAT OVRD pushbutton switch located on


ELEC PWR panel on flight compartment overhead panel is
pressed.

Standby generator (some A310s)

They are used to:

supply the essential network in emergency configuration

to start the APU in flight and on ground.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

The standby generator is used to supply the essential network in


emergency configuration.
It is automatically selected and has priority on the batteries (except at
APU starting or when LAND mode is selected on both autopilots). It
enables aircraft autonomy without time limitation.

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A300/A310

A300/A310 DC Power Generation - Generation Sources

*A300/Some A310s

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 DC Power Distribution Network - DC NORM/DC ESS BUS


Distribution

The contactor also opens automatically in the following cases:

The direct current distribution network mainly consists of two busses

when the two automatic pilots are selected in LAND mode to


achieve a LAND III landing capability

in the event of loss of the two alternating current normal busses (AC
BUS 1 and 2). (Ultimate emergency and smoke emergency
configurations).

the normal bus (DC NORM BUS) supplied by TR's 1 and 2

the essential bus (DC ESS BUS) supplied by the essential TR.

These two busses are connected by means of a tie contactor (DC BUS
TIE) and the direct current network is supplied by the three TR's in
parallel. The tie contactor is controlled by the current sensor which
enables protection of the essential network in the event of high current
detection (short-circuit) from the essential bus (DC ESS BUS) to the
normal bus (DC NOM BUS).

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

NOTE: Part of the direct current normal network can be supplied


independently by TR2 directly energized by the external ground
receptacle.

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 DC Power Distribution Network - DC NORM/DC ESS BUS

*A300/Some A310s

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 External Power Network - Flight/Ground Network


Ground/Flight and Ground Network Supply Control
It is possible to supply part of the aircraft electrical network as follows,
directly from the external ground receptacle, and routed through the
differential protection current transformer (DPCT) on the auxiliary
channel, to carry out ground service operations:

supply of part of the alternating current network (ground/flight


busses)

supply of part of the direct current network (ground and ground


flight/busses)

without energizing the whole aircraft electrical network.


The aircraft electrical network energization is controlled from the forward
panel by means of MAINT BUS switch.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 External Power Network - Flight/Ground Network

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 External Power Supply - Control Switch and Receptacle


Power SupplyExternal Ground Receptacle

It also includes an integrated test and self monitoring system which


analyzes most of the defects which may affect the channel and
memorizes the corresponding information in a non-volatile memory.

External Power Supply Control

This information, as well as those memorized in the non-volatile


memories of the control units (GCU) of generator 1 or 2 or auxiliary
generator can be displayed, on the ground only, on an alphanumerical
display window located on the front face of the GPCU.

An external ground receptacle located aft of the nose landing gear well
enables power supply of the aircraft network by means of a 3-phase,
400 Hz, 115/200 V ground power unit.
External power supply is controlled from the ELEC PWR panel on flight
compartment overhead panel and via a ground power control unit
(GPCU).

When fault information are memorized, the GPCU activates the BITE
DISPLAY GPCU memorized fault annunciator located on maintenance
panel.

The ground power control unit protects the network by controlling the
external power contactor (EPC) in the event of:

over/under voltage
over/under frequency
incorrect phase order.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 External Power Supply - Control Switch and Receptacle

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 External Power Supply - Control Switch and Receptacle

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

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LEFT BLANK

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/Some A310 Power Generation and Distribution Systems

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

Some A310 Power Generation and Distribution Systems

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 Controls and Indication


Controls and indications for each generator are located on the overhead
panel main segment in the flight compartment and are transmitted via the
GCU.

OFF/R selected, the pushbutton switch is released out and the White
Legend is on: the generator is shut down (de-energized), and the line
contactor is open.

The operation of each generator is controlled by ELEC PWR/GEN


pushbutton switch with two positions:

ON selected, the pushbutton switch is pressed in, the generator is


energized, its rotational speed being high enough. If the electrical
parameters are correct, the line contactor closes. The generator
supplies its network.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

Electrical Power - Controls and Indication


Some A310s

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 Generator Pushbutton Switches


1.

IDG 1 (or 2) DISCONNECTION PUSHBUTTON


-

Illumination of the FAULT light is accompanied by ECAM


activation.

The pushbutton controls the disconnection of the integrated drive


generator 1 (or 2) from the engine accessory gear box 1 (or 2).
The pushbutton is normally springloaded out.
When the pushbutton is momentarily pressed, the IDG 1 (or 2) is
disconnected from its drive shaft. It can only be reset on the
ground, with engine stopped.
The pressed position must not be held longer than 3 sec. to
avoid damage to the disengage mechanism.

The failed generator field is de-energized and the corresponding


line contactor is open. The transfer contactors 1 or/and 2 are
closed and the affected AC BUSbar is automatically supplied by
the APU GEN, if operating, or the remaining generator.
3.

GEN 1 (or 2) PUSHBUTTON SWITCH


The pushbutton switch controls:

2.

IDG 1 (or 2) FAULT LIGHTS


-

the energization of the generator 1 (or 2) field and the generator


line contactor 1 (or 2) closure

or the rearming of the protection system after failure.

ON (P/B Switch Pressed-in)

A FAULT light comes on Amber, accompanied by ECAM activation


when:
-

an overheat is detected at the oil outlet circuit of the IDG 1 (or 2)


(warnings are inhibited when the speed downstream the
disengage mechanism drops below 2,000 RPM)
or/and the oil pressure is low (warnings are inhibited as long as
an underspeed is detected downstream of the disengage
mechanism; speed < 4,320 RPM).

FAULT
The FAULT light comes on Amber in the event of
A protection trip initiated by the associated generator control
unit (GCU). The line contactor 1 (or 2) automatically opens.
An opening of a line contactor except after one of the
following manual actions:
GEN pushbutton switch selected OFF/R.
Both OVRD SUPPLY 1 and 2 pushbutton switches
selected ON.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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The generator field 1 (or 2) is energized and the line


contactor 1 (or 2) closes if the network electrical parameters
are normal.

OFF/R (P/B Switch Released-out)


-

The OFF/R light comes on White. The generator field 1 (or 2)


is de-energized and the line contactor 1 (or 2) is open.

The protection system is rearmed except when there is a


differential fault where the protection system has to be
rearmed by action on the generator control unit (GCU) itself.

ATA 24
A300/A310

Generator Pushbutton Switches


Some A310s

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Generator Pushbutton Switches (continued)


4.

APU GEN Pushbutton Switch:

OFF/R (P/B Switch Released-out)


The OFF/R light comes on White. The APU GEN field is deenergized and the APU GEN line contactor opens.
The protection system is rearmed except when there is a
differential fault where the protection system has to be rearmed
by action on the APU generator control unit (GCU) itself.

FAULT
The light comes on Amber in the event of:
A protection trip initiated by the generator control unit (GCU).
The APU GEN line contactor automatically opens.
An opening of the line contactor.
Illumination of the FAULT light is accompanied by ECAM
activation.
The FAULT warning is inhibited if:
The APU GEN pushbutton switch is selected OFF/R
or the APU drive speed is too low.

The pushbutton switch controls:


the energization of the APU-driven generator field, the APU line
contactor and the transfer contactor 1 or/and 2 closure
or the rearming of the protection system after failure.
The GEN 1 (or 2) having priority over the APU-driven generator, the
APU GEN pushbutton switch is only efficient on the side where an
engine-driven generator has failed.

ON (P/B Switch Pressed-in)


The APU-driven generator field is energized.
The APU GEN line contactor closes if the APU GEN
parameters are normal.
In the event of GEN 1 (or 2) loss, the transfer contactor (or 2)
closes automatically.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 Generator Pushbutton Switches


A

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Panel


1.

AC BUS 1 (or 2) OFF LIGHT

ABNORMAL CONFIGURATION

The AC BUS 1 (or 2) OFF light comes on Amber when the AC BUS
1 (or 2) is not electrically supplied.

The pushbutton switch 1 (or 2) controls the direct electrical supply of


AC ESS BUS by the GEN 1 (or 2) without going through the AC BUS
1.

Illumination of the AC BUS 1 (or 2) OFF light is accompanied by


ECAM activation.
2.

AC ESS BUS OFF LIGHT

The ON light comes on White. The GEN 1 (or 2) is directly


supplying the AC ESS BUS.

The AC ESS BUS OFF light comes on Amber when the AC ESS
BUS is not electrically supplied.

The flowbar is visible to indicate the GEN 1 (or 2)/AC ESS BUS
line contactor is closed.

Illumination of the AC ESS BUS OFF light is accompanied by ECAM


activation.
3.

AC EMER ON INV LIGHT

OFF (P/B Switch released-out)


The ON light is off. The AC ESS BUS is normally supplied by the
AC BUS 1.

The AC EMER ON INV light comes on Blue when the AC EMER


BUS is electrically supplied only by the DC ESS BUS through the
static inverter.
4.

ON (P/B Switch Pressed-in)

The flowbar is not visible to indicate the GEN 1 (or 2)/AC ESS
BUS line contactor is open.

OVRD SUPPLY 1 (or 2) PUSHBUTTON SWITCH


The OVRD SUPPLY 1 and 2 pushbutton switches have two specific
functions according to:
-

Abnormal Configuration: only one of the two pushbutton switches


is selected ON.

Smoke Drill Configuration: both pushbutton switches are


selected ON.

The pushbutton switches are guarded.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Panel 424 VU

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

AC Electrical Indication Panel 425VU


1.

AC(V)-FRQ-LOAD DISPLAY ROTARY SELECTOR

2. AC(V) INDICATOR

It allows selected pick-up points of the electrical network to be


connected to the AC(V)-FRQ-LOAD indicators for the phase selected
on the PHASE SEL (A-B-C) rotary selector located on the lateral
panel.

It indicates the AC voltage at the pick-up point selected by the AC(V)FRQ-LOAD display rotary selector and the PHASE SEL (A-B-C)
rotary selector when this last one is operative.
The normal reading is within the White arc.

BUS (1-2, ESS, EMER) positions


3. AC LOAD INDICATOR
If the PHASE SEL (A-B-C) rotary selector is inoperative, AC
voltage and FREQuency indications of the phase A in these
points are displayed on the corresponding indicators.

It indicates the total current output from GEN 1, GEN 2 or APU GEN
by selecting the corresponding pick-up point with the AC(V)- FRQLOAD display rotary selector.

GEN (1-2), APU GEN, EXT PWR positions


The indicator is graduated in percentage (1 means 100 of rated
output).

If the PHASE SEL (A-B-C) rotary selector is operative, AC voltage


and FREQuency indications of the phase selected by the PHASE
SEL (A-B-C) rotary selector are displayed on the corresponding
indicators.

The normal reading is within the White arc.


4. FRQ INDICATOR

In addition, a load indication is displayed on a LOAD indicator


except when the EXT PWR position is selected.

It indicates the frequency at the pick-up point selected by the AC(V)FRQ-LOAD display rotary selector and the PHASE SEL (A-B-C)
rotary selector when this last one is operative.
The normal reading is within the White arc.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 ELEC IND Panel 425VU

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/A310 - AC/DC Electrical Power Distribution - General


NORMAL AC POWER SUPPLY
The power sources on this aircraft cannot be paralled.
Each generator can supply the entire electrical
requirements.
If a generator is lost, power transfer is automatic.
NORMAL DC POWER SUPPLY
DC Power is generated from the Main AC sources by
three Transformer Rectifier Units (TRUs).
Two TRUs (TRU Number 1 and 2) supply the DC
NORM BUS and one TRU (Essential) supplies the DC
ESS BUS.
EMERGENCY AC AND DC POWER SUPPLY
Emergency Power is achieved:
Either by an AC/DC Stand-By Generator which supplies:
The DC ESS BUS
Part of the AC ESS BUS
and the AC EMER BUS
Or, three DC Batteries (Number 1, 2 and 3)
The DC ESS BUS
And the AC EMER BUS through the Static Inverter
Unit

AC and DC Electrical Loads can be shed manually


to perform Smoke Drill, related to the Avionics
Smoke Warnings.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

AC/DC Electrical Distribution

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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A300/A310

A300/Some A310s AC Power Generation - Transfer and Distribution


DISTRIBUTION
The aircraft AC electrical distribution network consists of four main
busbars:
AC BUS 1 AC ESS BUS
AC BUS 2 AC EMER BUS
AC BUS 1
IN FLIGHT: AC BUS 1 is normally supplied by GEN 1. Should supply
from GEN 1 fail, AC BUS 1 will be supplied automatically by the APU
GEN, if operating, or by GEN 2.

Should supply from AC BUS 1 fail, the essential transfer contactor 1


which linked AC BUS 1 to 3XP-1 and 3XP-2 opens.
3XP-1 and 3XP-2 may be restored:
if GEN 1 is delivering a normal electrical power, 3XP-1 and 3XP-2
can be connected directly to GEN 1 upstream of the corresponding
generator line contactor 1 by selecting ON the guarded OVRD
SUPPLY 1 pushbutton switch.
if GEN 1 has failed, 3XP-1 and 3XP-2 can be connected directly to
GEN 2 upstream of the corresponding generator line contactor 2 by
selecting ON the guarded OVRD SUPPLY 2 pushbutton switch.

ON THE GROUND: AC BUS 1 is supplied in the same way as in flight as


long as an external power is not coupled. If the APU GEN and an
external power source are available, external power has priority to
replace a non-operative engine-driven generator. A transformer
connected to AC BUS 1 converts the 115V AC/400 Hz to 26V AC/400
Hz.

In addition, 3XP-2 may be supplied through a two-direction switch by the


AC output of a STBY GEN when logical conditions are met (see AC/DC
STAND-BY POWER section).

AC BUS 2
IN FLIGHT: AC BUS 2 is normally supplied by GEN 2. Should supply
from GEN 2 fail, the AC BUS 2 will be supplied automatically by the APU
GEN, if operating, or by GEN 1.

A transformer connected to AC ESS BUS converts the 115V AC/400 Hz


to 26V AC/400 Hz.

ON THE GROUND: AC BUS 2 is supplied in the same way as in flight,


as long as an external power is not coupled. If the APU GEN and an
external power source are available, external power has priority to
replace a non-operative engine-driven generator.
A transformer connected to AC BUS 2 converts the 115V AC/400 Hz to
26V AC/400 Hz.
AC ESS BUS (3XP-1 and 3XP-2)
AC ESS BUS is split into two parts:
3XP-1 and 3XP-2
3XP-1 and 3XP-2 are normally supplied by AC BUS 1 through the
essential transfer contactor 1.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

The OVRD SUPPLY 1 and 2 pushbutton switches have a specific roll in


the smoke drill (see SMOKE DRILL section).

AC EMER BUS
AC EMER BUS is normally supplied by AC ESS BUS through a twodirection switch.
Should supply from AC ESS BUS fail, the twodirection switch
automatically:
will split the connection between AC ESS BUS and AC EMER BUS
and will establish the connection between DC ESS BUS and AC
EMER BUS through a static inverter which will convert the 28V DC
power into single phase AC 115V power.
A transformer connected to AC EMER BUS converts the 115V AC/400
Hz to 26V AC/400 Hz.

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/Some A310s AC Power: Generation - Transfer and Distribution

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 AC Power ECAM System Display


1.

EMERGENCY INVERTER (INV) INDICATION

6.

The indication is White.


2.

3.

7.

8.

The indication is not displayed when the GEN pushbutton switch is


selected OFF/R.
9.

EXTERNAL POWER VOLTAGE INDICATION


The indication is Green, but:
becomes Amber when the voltage is < 100V or > 120V

When the bus is not electrically supplied:


- TR indication is Amber
- The associated triangle is Amber
- The BUS figuration is Amber.
5.

GENERATOR FREQUENCY INDICATION


The indication is Green, but:
becomes Amber when the frequency is < 390 Hz or > 410 Hz.

TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER UNIT FIGURATION AND BUS


SUPPLY INDICATION
When the bus is electrically supplied:
- TR indication is White
- The associated triangle is Green
- The BUS figuration is Green.

GENERATOR VOLTAGE INDICATION


The indication is Green, but:
becomes Amber when the voltage is < 100V or > 120V .

GEN 1 (or 2) OVRD INDICATION


The White GEN 1 (or 2) OVRD indication indicates the GEN 1 (or 2)
directly supplies the AC ESS BUS. When a White GEN OVRD
indication only is displayed, the override function is off.

4.

The indication is White, but:


becomes Amber when the GEN pushbutton switch is selected
OFF/R.

EMER BUS FIGURATION


The figuration is Green.

GEN INDICATION

The voltage indication is not displayed when the voltage is < 50V.

GENERATOR LOAD INDICATION


The indication is Green, but: - becomes Amber when the load is >
100%.
The load indication is not displayed when the GEN pushbutton switch
is selected OFF/R.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-38
2438

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 ELEC AC System Display

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-39
2439

ATA 24
A300/A310

AC Power ECAM System Display (continued)


10. EXTERNAL POWER FREQUENCY INDICATION

14. APU GEN INDICATION

The indication is Green, but:


becomes Amber when the frequency is < 390 Hz or > 410 Hz.

The indication is White, but:


becomes Amber when the APU GEN pushbutton switch is
selected OFF/R and the APU MASTER SWITCH is selected ON.

The frequency indication is riot displayed when the voltage is < 50V.
15. IDG OUTLET OIL TEMPERATURE INDICATION
11. APU GENERATOR VOLTAGE INDICATION
The indication is Green, but:
flashes when the temperature is within the 142C, 185C range
becomes Amber when the temperature is > 185C.

The indication is Green, but:


becomes Amber when the voltage is < 110V or > 120V.
A White OFF indication is displayed in place of a voltage indication
when the APU GEN pushbutton switch is selected OFF/R.

16. APU GENERATOR LOAD


The indication is Green, but:
becomes Amber when the load is > 110.

There is no indication displayed when the APU MASTER SWITCH is


selected OFF.

A White triangle is displayed in place of the load indication when:


the APU GEN pushbutton switch is selected OFF/R
or the APU MASTER SWITCH is selected OFF.

12. GALLEY SHED INDICATION N/A FedEx Airbus Fleets


13. APU GENERATOR FREQUENCY INDICATION

17. EXT PWR FIGURATION


The indication is Green, but:
becomes Amber when the frequency is < 390 Hz or > 416 Hz.

EXT PWR wording and the double triangle are not displayed in flight
as well as the frequency and voltage indications.

The indication is not displayed when:


the APU GEN pushbutton switch is selected OFF/R
or the APU MASTER SWITCH is selected OFF.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-40
2440

ATA 24
A300/A310

ELEC AC System Display (continued)

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-41
2441

ATA 24
A300/A310

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY


LEFT BLANK

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-42
2442

ATA 24
A300/A310

AC POWER
SECTION

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-43
2443

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/Some A310s AC Power Components


GCU FUNCTIONAL DESCRIPTION

STANDBY GENERATION (Some A310s)

The GCU provides excitation to the generator. In conjunction with


switches on the flight deck control panel; the GCU provides control,
protection and metering for coordinated system performance. An
advanced built-in test equipment (BITE) system, made possible through
use of microprocessor technology, provides a valuable aid for effective
system troubleshooting and faulty line replaceable unit (LRU) isolation.

The standby generator delivers 115V/400 Hz, three-phase AC power and


50A DC nominal power under 28V.
The emergency generation system comprises:
-

GROUND POWER CONTROL UNIT

The GPCU is designed for control and protection of the external power
input. Built-In Test Equipment (BITE) functions performed by the GPCU
include interrogation of each GCU for BITE data, performance of internal
checks on itself, display of an alphanumeric readout of all the BITE
checks for the electrical power generating system (EPGS) and memory
reset.

STATIC INVERTER
The static inverter enables 115/400 Hz single phase alternating current
to be supplied from 28 VDC supply. It mainly consists of:
-

a power assembly which chops the supply direct current voltage and
adapts the obtained voltage by means of an output transformer
a control assembly for the chopping by pulse width modulation
a control assembly for the starting and monitoring of its supply
voltage.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

a hydraulic motor driven by the Green hydraulic system which drives


the standby generator
an electric generator driven at constant speed and coupled to the
hydraulic motor
a generator control unit (GCU).
TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER

The transformer rectifier is mainly composed of


-

a transformer and a rectifier assembly


a fan controlled by an electronic module.

The normal DC generation is provided by the two transformer rectifiers 1


and 2 which deliver power in parallel on the normal 28VDC distribution
network (DC NORM BUS 1PP).
They are normally supplied with three-phase 115V/400Hz from the
normal AC distribution network.
Each transformer rectifier is associated with a current sensor which
function is to protect the network and which is located in the DC power
center.

24-44
2444

ATA 24
A300/A310

AC Power - Component Location

SOME A310s

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-45
2445

ATA 24
A300/A310

Integrated Drive Generator (IDG)


The purpose of the integrated drive generator (IDG) is to provide primary
electric power for the aircraft electrical system by converting variable
engine input speed to a constant output speed, which enables the
generator portion of the IDG to produce alternating current (AC) electrical
power with a frequency of 400 4 hertz.
General
Thi s

The IDG consists of a constant speed drive and a generator mounted


side by side in a common housing.

Characteristics

table

covers

the

main

characteristics

of

the

IDG

drive

section.

General
-

Input

Output

U t i l i z a t i o n
in

speed

4500/9205

speed

ambient

(Generator
l i mi t s

Shear

Disconnect

altitude

150

rpm

-55/177C

temperature

177C
9000

solenoid

400

in./ l b

Pump

Cooler

regulated

pressure

system

flow rate

Cooler

bypass

valves

Filter

bypass

switch

Oil

(cooler

Normal

capacity

voltage

used

at

24C

Aeroshell

Turbine

Oil

555,

Type

II

Aeroshell

Turbine

Oil

390,

Type

Aeroshell

Turbine

Oil

500,

Type

II

Exxon

FedEx A300/A310
IDG Servicing Oil

Oil

5000,

Turbo

Oil

Type

operating

60

140
system

psi
psi

25

2.8/4.4

psi
l

temperatures
70/105C

Type

II

Type

II

Turbo

Oil

85,

Exxon

Turbo

Oil

2389,

Exxon

Turbo

Oil

2380,

Mobil

Jet

Oil

Mobil

Jet

Oil

II,
254,

Type
Type

Type
Type

GCU

permissible

oil-in

(permanent)

127C

controls

Overheat

Air/oil

OOT
cooler

air

supply

Cl o s u r e
-

II

Drive

under

speed

(low

II

Turbine

Oil

500,

Type

II

Royco

Turbine

Oil

555,

Type

II

Low

drive

5C

OIT

>

127

3C

OIT

<

104

3C

4320

30

rpm

speed

( I DG/ F A U L T

24-46
2446

185

pressure

inhibited)

II

>

valve

Opening
I

Royco

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01

80/115C

Maximum

temperature

II

25,

Exxon

For Training Purposes Only

350

Oi l - i n

17/30VDC

Castrol

g / mn

excluded).
2.5

system

O i l

psi

14/17
250

Oi l - o u t
Oi l

220/280

valve

- Low pressure

resistance
control

-300/13,150

section
control

rpm

12000

temperature

- Maximum case
-

in

rotor )

legend

goes

off)

<2000

rpm

ATA 24
A300/A310

Integrated Drive Generator (IDG)

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-47
2447

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 IDG System Control - General Schematic

INPUT SPEED SENSOR (MPU)

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-48
2448

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 IDG - Component Build-Up and Hardware PW JT9D-7R4/GE CF6-80C2A5F

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-49
2449

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300 IDG System - Control and Indicating - Flight Compartment - GE CF6-80C2A5F

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-50
2450

ATA 24
A300/A310

A310 IDG System - Generator Drive Control and Indicating - Flight Compartment - GE CF6-80A3

WLDP

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-51
2451

ATA 24
A300/A310

Some A310 - Control and Indicating - Flight Compartment - PW JT9D-7R4 IDG System

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-52
2452

ATA 24
A300/A310

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY


LEFT BLANK

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-53
2453

ATA 24
A300/A310

Operation of the Generator Drive Section


It is mainly composed of:
-

a differential gear train


governor and control cylinder assemblies.

The mechanical power taken from the accessory gearbox is transmitted


to the differential gears by means of:
-

a shaft with a shear section, which limits the torque in case of


internal mechanical failure
a disconnect mechanism, which enables considerable internal
mechanical damage to be avoided in case of failure of the lubrication
and cooling oil system.

NOTES:
The IDG cannot be reconnected in flight.
The system can only be reset on the ground; with engines shut down
and by manual operation of a reset handle located on the IDG.
The IDG disconnection must not be performed with engines shut
down.

This is accomplished by the two hydromechanical units through the input


ring gear.
The hydraulic trim is composed of two hydromechanical units, so-called
fixed and variable, and hydraulically coupled. They operate either as a
motor or as a pump.
The so-called fixed unit transmits the compensation to the differential,
either plus or minus rotations, as necessary. Finally, the governor
detects the differential output speed and controls, the so-called variable
unit, by means of a control cylinder so that the speed remains constant.
It should be noted that the accessories necessary to the system
operation (pressurizing pumps, drainage pump and deaerator) are driven
from the differential output, and thus at constant speed.
A speed sensor, located upstream of the disconnect mechanism,
transmits IDG input speed information to the generator control unit
(GCU) for control purposes.

The differential gear train:


-

doubles the IDG input speed which is comprised between 4500 and
9075 rpm,
and adds or subtracts rpm to the doubled input speed to obtain a
constant output speed of 12,000 rpm corresponding to the generator
drive speed.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-54
2454

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300 IDG Hydraulic Schematic and Component Location - GE CF6-80C2A5F Engine

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-55
2455

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 IDG Disconnect Mechanism


The disconnect mechanism consists of a solenoid, spring-loaded
disconnect plunger with threaded pawl, worm shaft and reset ring. The
purpose of the disconnect mechanism is to disconnect the IDG from the
engine gearbox in the event of an IDG failure. Once disconnected, the
IDG cannot be reconnected in flight.
When the disconnect solenoid is activated by the flight engineer, the
spring-loaded disconnect plunger moves a spring-loaded pawl into
contact with threads on the worm shaft.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

The worm shaft acts as a screw in a threaded hole, and input rotation
causes this shaft to move away from the input spline shaft, separating
the driving dog teeth on the two shafts. When driving dog teeth have
been separated, the input spline shaft, which is still being driven by the
aircraft engine, spins freely in the IDG without causing component
rotation. Reset may be accomplished by pulling the reset ring following
engine shutdown while the aircraft is on the ground.

24-56
2456

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 IDG System - Generator Drive Disconnect Mechanism

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-57
2457

ATA 24
A300/A310

IDG Quick Attach/Detach Adapter


DESCRIPTION

THEORY OF OPERATION

The QAD adapter provides for rapid installation and removal of the
integrated drive generator (IDG) to and from the engine accessory
gearbox. One QAD adapter is attached to each engine accessory
gearbox mounting pad. QAD adapter 730462 mates with the 10-inch
mounting pad used on the General Electric CF6-80A1 gearbox.

The QAD adapter is a coupling device that attaches the IDG to the
engine accessory gearbox mounting pad. The IDG is attached by mating
the adapter plate on the IDG to the QAD adapter plate and rotating the
QAD ring with the tension bolt. Torquing the tension bolt locks the IDG in
position on the gearbox mounting pad. Reactive torque is transmitted
through a dowel pin between the IDG and the adapter plate and then to
the engine gearbox through the adapter plate mounting screws. The
dowel pin also serves as a locator to prevent misalignment during
installation of the IDG.

The QAD adapter consists of an adapter plate, an adapter ring, a bracket


and tension bolt, and a gasket. The QAD adapter usually remains on the
accessory gearbox mounting pad when the IDG is removed.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-58
2458

ATA 24
A300/A310

IDG Quick Attach/Detach Adapter Kit

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-59
2459

ATA 24
A300/A310

IDG Cooling System


The cooling system comprises two series mounted heat exchangers:

B. FUEL/OIL HEAT EXCHANGER

A. AIR/OIL HEAT EXCHANGER

The fuel/oil heat exchanger is located on the right side of the


accessory gearbox in the core compartment below the heat shield.

An air supply duct is attached to the booster bypass chamber and


provides bleed air to the air/oil cooler through an on-off airflow
control valve. Flow is scheduled only during low engine power
operation when the fuel flow available for cooling is small and when
air bleed is not detrimental to engine performance.

The fuel flowing out of the MEC is used as a cooling agent for the
IDG oil system. The oil flowing out of the IDG goes through an air/oil
heat exchanger and then through the fuel/oil heat exchanger. This
heat exchanger is made of tubes which carry the fuel while the IDG
oil passes around the tubes.

The need for IDG cooling air is sensed by routing an 11th stage air
line from the compressor to the air flow on-off control valve. Normal
state is open. Valve is closed only at high engine pressure. Air used
for cooling IDG oil is exhausted through the core compartment.

It enables the IDG oil to be cooled to acceptable limits during normal


engine operation, and recovers the transferred heat by increasing
the fuel temperature before it enters the fuel manifold. To protect the
IDG from overpressure due to an internal leak in the fuel oil cooler,
an overpressure valve is provided in the oil return line with a drain
line leading to the drain mast. At low engine power, when the fuel
flow is too small to be a complete heat sink for the IDG heat
rejection, the air/oil heat exchanger is activated to provide additional
cooling.

If the temperature of IDG inlet oil reaches 126.5C (260F), an


electrical signal from the General Control Unit causes the control
valve to open, thus permitting the air flow path. If IDG temperature
reaches 142C (288F) increasing, AC ELEC page is displayed on
the R ECAM display unit. If IDG temperature reaches 185C (364F),
associated warnings appear:
-

The air for this air/oil heat exchanger is obtained from the engine's
booster bypass passage. Airflow is controlled by the IDG air valve.

IDG FAULT, MASTER CAUTION light and warnings on ECAM


display units. In normal operation, if IDG oil pressure reaches
140 25 PSI (9.8 1.75 bar) (oil Low Pressure), associated
warnings appear.
IDG FAULT, MASTER CAUTION light and warnings on SCAM
display units.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-60
2460

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300 IDG System - Oil Cooling System - CF6-80CA25F

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-61
2461

ATA 24
A300/A310

A310 IDG Air/Oil Heat Exchanger - PW JT9D-7R4 Engine

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-62
2462

ATA 24
A300/A310

A310 IDG System - Main Fuel/Oil Heat Exchanger - PW JT9D-7R4 Engine

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-63
2463

ATA 24
A300/A310

A310 IDG System - Auxiliary Fuel/Oil Heat Exchanger - Component and Installation Location

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-64
2464

ATA 24
A300/A310

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY


LEFT BLANK

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-65
2465

ATA 24
A300/A310

IDG Servicing
There are two possible oil level indicator configurations on the IDG.

To

check oil levels using CONFIG 2:

To check oil level using CONFIG 1:

1.

Look at the viewing face of the low oil level indicator.

1.

Look at the viewing face of the low oil level indicator.

Wipe clean if dirty

Wipe clean if dirty

Use a flashlight if too dark to see.

Use a flashlight if too dark to see White alignment marks. Do not


shine flashlight directly on the viewing face because reflection
will make reading difficult.

2.

Change your line of sight until the White marks are aligned.

3.

Look for a Silver spot in the viewing face.


-

Silver spot seen - Servicing Required

Silver spot not seen - Servicing Not Required.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

2.

If "OK" does not appear in the viewing window, servicing is required.

3.

If "OK" does appear in the viewing window, servicing is not required.

24-66
2466

ATA 24
A300/A310

IDG Servicing

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-67
2467

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Normal or Initial Replenishing of the IDG


CAUTION: OPERATING THE IDG WITHOUT ENOUGH OIL OR
OVERFILLED WILL CAUSE OVERHEATING AND SEVERE INTERNAL
DAMAGE.
CAUTION: SERVICING THE IDG WITHOUT THE PROPER DRAIN LINE
CONNECTED TO THE OVERFLOW DRAIN VALVE WILL RESULT IN
OVERFILLING AND SUBSEQUENT DAMAGE TO THE IDG.
REASON FOR THE JOB
Replenishing or topping up of the IDG with oil is achieved under pressure.
This operation is performed after replacement of the IDG or after
replacement of components (filter, oil cooler, and/or oil lines) or after
inspection/check (contamination, oil heating) or during scheduled
servicing.

2. Replenishing
CAUTION: DO NOT MIX TYPES OR BRANDS OF OIL.
a. Pump oil into the IDG.
b. Stop pumping oil into the IDG when at least one more quart of oil
comes out the overflow drain hose (after initial overflow.
c. Remove the pressure fill hose from the pressure fill valve.
d. Install the dust cap securely on the pressure fill valve.
e. When oil drainage from the overflow drain hose slows to drops,
remove the drain hose.
f. Install the dust cap securely on the overflow drain valve.
3.

UNSCHEDULED ALTERNATE OIL SERVICING


REASON FOR THE JOB

PROCEDURE
1. Job set-up
WARNING: HOT OIL MAY CAUSE BURNS TO EYES AND SKIN.
WEAR SPLASH GOGGLES, INSULATED GLOVES, AND OTHER
PROTECTIVE GEAR. IN CASE OF EYE OR SKIN CONTACT GET
MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.
a. On left thrust reverser cowl door, open access door 451EL
(461EL).
b. Remove the dust caps from the overflow drain and pressure fill
valves.
WARNING: WHEN CONNECTING THE OVERFLOW DRAIN HOSE
TO THE OVERFLOW DRAIN VALVE, DIRECT THE DRAIN HOSE
INTO A SUITABLE CONTAINER TO PREVENT SPRAYING HOT
OIL. HOT OIL MAY CAUSE BURNS TO EYES AND SKIN.
c. Connect the overflow drain hose to the overflow drain valve.
Some oil may come out the drain hose when it is connected.
d. Connect the pressure fill hose to the pressure fill valve.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

Close-up
a. On left thrust reverser cowl door, close access door 451EL
(461EL).

1.

1.
2.

As time and temperature constraints are no more required, the new


normal servicing procedure is applicable for short turn-around and
should be performed as follows.
PROCEDURE
If IDG has not been disconnected, top-up IDG according to "normal
servicing of the IDG".
If IDG has been disconnected, proceed as follows:
a. Drain IDG according to IDG servicing/drainage.
b. Replenish IDG according to "normal servicing of the IDG.

FedEx Airbus IDG Oil Type


Exxon Turbo Oil 2380, Type II
(for A300-600 and A310 Series

24-68
2468

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 IDG - Replenishing Procedure

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-69
2469

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Removal/Install of Scavenge Filter Components


A. REMOVAL OF SCAVENGE FILTER COMPONENTS
WARNING: WEAR GOGGLES WHEN REMOVING LOCKWIRE.
1. Remove lockwire from the filter cover.
NOTE: Be prepared to catch oil in a separate container under the
filter cavity or in a container large enough to catch simultaneous
drainage from the filter cavity and overflow drain hose.
2. Remove the filter cover, filter element and O-rings.
3. Check the filter element
B. INSTALLATION OF SCAVENGE FILTER COMPONENTS
1. Lubricate new O-ring with Acryloid or oil. Install O-ring on
replacement filter element.
2. Lubricate new O-ring with Acryloid or oil. Install O-ring on the filter
cover.
3. Install the filter element into the filter cavity until O-ring seal is
obtained.
CAUTION: BE SURE FILTER COMPONENTS ARE SEATED IN THE IDG
SCAVENGE FILTER CAVITY BEFORE INSTALLING FILTER COVER.
THE FILTER COMPONENTS MAY BE DAMAGED IF NOT PROPERLY
INSTALLED. DO NOT FORCE FILTER COMPONENTS INTO HOUSING
BY TIGHTENING FILTER COVER.
4. Screw in the filter cover. Torque the filter cover 156 to 180 pound
inches.
5. Secure the filter cover with lockwire.
6. Replenish IDG oil

A. FILTER ELEMENT CHECK


1. Remove the filter cover, filter element and O-rings from the IDG
2. Check the filter element as follows:
NOTE: A moderate number of scattered small metallic flakes
(bronze or silver colored metal), or flakes of generator insulation are
normal products of wear during operation.
Even a considerable number of nonmetallic items such as black
epoxy flakes, sleeving, strands and other forms of generator
insulation should not necessitate removal of the IDG in the absence
of metallic evidence.
a. If the filter element shows bright metal deposits which can be
clearly defined as chunks or pieces caused by breakage (in
contrast to nonmagnetic flakes or slivers caused by normal
wear) or if bright metal deposits are present in considerable
quantity on the filter element, in the filter cavity or in the oil
drained from the IDG, remove and replace the IDG according to
INTEGRATED DRIVE GENERATOR - REMOVAL/
INSTALLATION. Return the IDG to the overhaul facility.
b. If the filter element or O-rings are damaged or contain
indications of bypassing, remove the coolers and the IDG.
Flush the external circuit lines before replacing the coolers and
the IDG. Remove and replace the IDG according to
INTEGRATED DRIVE GENERATOR - REMOVAL/
INSTALLATION. Return the coolers and the IDG to the
overhaul facility for cleaning and necessary repairs.
3. Replace the filter element.
B. PRESSURE DIFFERENTIAL INDICATOR CHECK
1. Check the pressure differential indicator for an extended red button.
2. If the red button is extended, see A300 and A310 Maintenance
Manual Supplements 24-11-00/Pageblock 600 for new
requirements.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-70
2470

ATA 24
A300/A310

IDG System Scavenge Filter

GE CF6-80A3

NOTE: A310 Series PW JT9D7R4 and GE CF6-80A3 same


component installation.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-71
2471

ATA 24
A300/A310

AC Generator Deactivation/Reactivation
CAUTION: THIS PROCEDURE IS TO BE USED IN ACCORDANCE
WITH THE REQUIREMENTS OF THE MEL SECTION 3, PAGE 24-1.

IDG DISCONNECT SWITCHES


Disconnects IDG from engine. Can only be reset on the ground. Switch
must not be held longer than 3 seconds with a minimum of 60 seconds
between actuation periods. The IDG Switch should not be actuated with
the engine shutdown or below idle speed since incomplete separation of
the IDG disconnect mechanism would result.

NOTE: Disconnect IDG in accordance with MM 24-20-00


DEACTIVATION
A. On panel 424VU make certain the appropriate GEN pushbutton
switch is released-out (OFF legend on).

IDG FAULT LIGHTS


Comes on if IDG oil temperature is high or oil pressure is low. If IDG light
remains on after engine start (including times when IDG is placarded
inoperative), the IDG DISC switch should be pressed when the engine
reaches idle speed.

B. Make certain that the corresponding IDG is disconnected if the failure


has been caused by the IDG only.
NOTE: Check oil level in both IDGs (serviceable and unserviceable). Both
IDGs must be at proper level. APU oil level must be checked to ensure
proper servicing.

APU GENERATOR SWITCH

C. Maintenance shall check the operational history of the remaining IDG


and the APU to assure operational reliability.

When pressed in, APU generator field is energized and APU line
contactor is closed. If an engine generators) is inoperative, the transfer
contactor 1 or 2 also closes to supply the AC BUS on the side of the failed
generator.

D. Install placard in the flight compartment informing crew that no. 1 (2)
engine generator is inoperative.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-72
2472

ATA 24
A300/A310

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-73
2473

ATA 24
A300/A310

Smoke Drill
A. AVIONICS SMOKE LIGHT

The flowbar integrated into the OVRD SUPPLY 1 switch is visible


to indicate the GEN 1/AC ESS BUS line contactor is closed.

The AVIONICS SMOKE light comes on Red when smoke is detected


in ventilation duct from:
Cockpit instrument panels
Overhead panel
Circuit breakers panel
Weather radar transceiver
Electronic racks
IRS 2
Underfloor area equipment.

The flowbar integrated into the OVRD SUPPLY 2 switch is not


visible to indicate the GEN 2/AC ESS BUS line contactor is open.
In the event of the GEN 1 electrical supply loss:
the GEN 1/AC ESS BUS line contactor opens (the associated
flowbar disappears)
the GEN 2/AC ESS BUS line contactor closes (the associated
flowbar is visible).

Illumination of the AVIONICS SMOKE light is accompanied by ECAM


activation.

This allows the supplying of the AC ESS BUS directly by GEN 2.

OFF (Both P/B Switches Released-out) The ON lights are off

B. OVRD SUPPLY 1 AND 2 PUSHBUTTON SWITCHES


The AC ESS BUS is supplied by AC BUS 1
The OVRD SUPPLY 1 and 2 pushbutton switches have two specific
functions according to:
Abnormal configuration: only one of the pushbutton switches is
selected ON.
Smoke Drill configuration: both push button switches are selected
ON.
The OVRD SUPPLY 1 and 2 pushbutton switches control:
the direct electrical supply of AC ESS BUS by the GEN 1 (or
2)
the opening of the line contactors 1 and 2 which cut off the
electrical supply to the AC BUS 1, AC BUS 2 and DC NORM
BUS.

The flowbars are not visible to indicate the GEN 1 (and GEN
2)/AC ESS BUS line contactors are open.
C. LAND RECOVERY PUSHBUTTON SWITCH
The pushbutton switch allows to restore electrical supply to some
equipment which had been isolated:
by action on both OVRD SUPPLY 1 and 2 pushbutton switches
(SMOKE DRILL).
or, in "BAT ONLY" configuration.

ON (P/B Switch Pressed-in):


The ON light comes on White. Some equipment which had been
isolated are electrically supplied.

OFF (P/B Switch Released-out):


Normal position.

ON (Both P/B switches pressed-in)


The ON lights integrated into the OVRD SUPPLY 1 and 2
pushbutton switches comes on White.
The AC ESS BUS is directly supplied by the GEN 1 and both line
contactors 1 and 2 are open.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-74
2474

ATA 24
A300/A310

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-75
2475

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/Some A310 AC Power - Warning Logic

Depicted below are the various warnings displayed in the flight compartment in the event the fault
shown occurs in the aircraft AC power system. Also shown graphically are the different flight
phases at which the warnings will or will not be displayed.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-76
2476

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/Some A310 AC Power - Warning Logic

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-77
2477

ATA 24
A300/A310

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY


LEFT BLANK

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-78
2478

ATA 24
A300/A310

DC
POWER SECTION

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-79
2479

ATA 24
A300/A310

DC Power Generation
DC power generation is achieved by:
Three identical transformer rectifier (TR) units
Three identical batteries.
TRANSFORMER RECTIFIED (TR) UNIT
The three transformer rectifier units (150 A/28 DC) covert the threephase 115V/400 Hz AC power into 28V DC power.
Each TR unit operates as soon as it is electrically supplied and delivers
electrical power through a line contactor.
The line contactor opens when:
a reverse current is detected in the direction distribution busbar/TR
by a current sensor.
In addition, the current sensor gives a failure indication displayed on
the lateral panel when a no-current information is detected.
a TR overheat is detected.
BATTERIES
The three 25 AH batteries (1, 2 and 3) are located within fire proof boxes
in the avionics compartment.

DC EMERGENCY GENERATION
The DC emergency generation is achieved by the three batteries:
to automatically restore the essential DC network when normal
supply has failed, by closure of the three batteries line contactors
to control battery charging
to detect an overheat
A BAT OVRD pushbutton switch forces the three-batteries line
contactors closure when selected ON.
When both autopilots are engaged and LAND mode is selected, the
three batteries linecontactors automatically close to increase the
reliability of the autopilot system during a category III automatic landing.
When all BATT switches are selected OFF/R, the following equipment
are still supplied:
The clocks
The extinguisher cartridges (engines, bottle 1 to FWD cargo, bottle 2
to AFT and BULK cargos)
The refueling system (if the NORMAL/ BATTERY switch on the
refueling panel is selected BATTERY)
IRS.

Each battery is protected by a battery charge controller unit which


controls the opening/ closure of the associated battery line contactor.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-80
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ATA 24
A300/A310

DC Generation - Component Location

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-81
2481

ATA 24
A300/A310

DC Normal Generation
The DC normal. generation is achieved by two transformer rectifier units
- TR1 and TR2 which convert AC power from AC BUS 1 and AC BUS 2,
respectively, into DC power.
The TR2 is also used for ground operations (see EXTERNAL POWER
CONTROLS Section).

DC ESS BUS
DC ESS BUS is normally supplied by:
DC NORM BUS through a DC BUS TIE contactor which closes as
soon as the aircraft network is electrically supplied
and AC ESS BUS (3XP-2) through the ESS TR unit which converts
the AC power into DC power.

DC ESSENTIAL GENERATION
The DC essential generation is achieved by a transformer rectifier unit ESS TR - which converts AC power from AC ESS BUS into DC power.

Should supply from DC NORM BUS and AC ESS BUS (3XP-2) fail, the
DC BUS TIE contactor opens and DC ESS BUS is supplied either by the
STBY GEN (See AC/DC STAND-BY POWER section), or by the
batteries, through the batteries contactors.

DISTRIBUTION
The aircraft is fitted with two main DC busbars supplied with 28V DC
power:
DC NORM BUS
DC ESS BUS
DC NORM BUS

The DC BUS TIE contactor opens automatically:


In the event of an electrical supply loss from both AC BUS 1 and AC
BUS 2
or when both autopilots are engaged and LAND mode is selected, to
increase the reliability of the autopilot system during a category III
automatic landing
or when a reverse current >60A is detected in the direction DC ESS
BUS/DC NORM BUS.

DC NORM BUS is simultaneously supplied by the two transformer


rectifier units TR1 and TR2.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-82
2482

ATA 24
A300/A310

Electrical System Schematic - DC System

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-83
2483

ATA 24
A300/A310

DC System Controls - ELEC PWR Panel 424VU


1.

BAT 1 (or 2 or 3) PUSHBUTTON SWITCHES

2.

Each pushbutton switch controls the operation of the corresponding


battery charge controller unit.

AUTO (P/B Switch Pressed-in)


The battery charge controller unit is operating. It automatically
controls the connection/disconnection of the corresponding
battery to the DC ESS BUS by opening/closure of the battery
line contactor.
The integrated flowbar is in line to indicate the battery line
contactor is closed or not visible if it is open.
The batteries will be connected to the electrical network:
For the APU starting
As a back-up power in the event of a DC ESS BUS voltage
drop below 25V
To be charged by the aircraft electrical network in the event
of a battery voltage drop
When both autopilots are engaged and LAND mode is
selected.
In normal configuration, the batteries are disconnected from the
electrical network.

The DC ESS BUS ON BAT light comes on Amber when the DC


ESS BUS is electrically supplied by the batteries only, which informs
the crew that the bus will be supplied for a limited time.
Illumination of DC ESS ON BAT light is accompanied by ECAM
activation.
3.

For Training Purposes Only

DC NORM BUS OFF LIGHT


The DC NORM BUS OFF light comes on Amber when the DC
Normal Busbar is not electrically supplied.
Illumination of the DC NORM BUS OFF light is accompanied by
ECAM activation.

4.

BAT OVHT LIGHT


The BAT OVHT light comes on Amber when the charging current
for one of the batteries increases at a rate greater than 0.4A/min
with an intensity greater than 10A. This increase is detected by the
respective battery charge controller unit, which causes the opening
of the corresponding battery line contactor.

OFF/R (P/B Switch released-out)


The OFF/R light comes on white
The battery charge controller unit is not operating and the
battery line contactor is open
The flowbar is not visible to indicate the battery is
disconnected from the electrical network.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01

DC ESS ON BAT LIGHT

Illumination of the BAT OVHT light is accompanied by SCAM


activation.
The BAT OVHT light goes off when the BAT pushbutton switch
associated with the faulty battery is selected OFF/R. This rearms
the battery charge controller unit.

24-84
2484

ATA 24
A300/A310

DC System Controls - ELEC PWR Panel 424VU

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-85
2485

ATA 24
A300/A310

DC System Controls (continued)


5.

BAT OVRD PUSHBUTTON SWITCH

6.

The pushbutton switch allows overriding of the battery charge


controller units by forcing the battery line contactors closed.

ON (P/B Switch Pressed-in)


The ON light comes on white
The batteries charge controller units are overridden and all
the batteries line contactors are closed
The batteries overheat detection is inhibited.

DC (AMP) INDICATOR
It indicates the charge (CH)/discharge (DCH) current of the power
sources selected by the DC (Amp) - DC(V) display rotary selector.
The maximum continuous DC (Amp) indication for TR units is 150 A.

7.

DC (V) INDICATOR
It indicates the voltage at the pick-up points selected by the DC
(Amp) - DC (V) display rotary selector. The normal readings are:
for a battery without load: 25 to 28 V
for a battery under load: 23 to 28 V
for a TR unit: 27 to 30 V (White arc)

OFF (P/B Switch released-out)


The batteries charge controller units control the
opening/closure of the batteries line contactors.
8.

DC (AMP) - DC (V) DISPLAY ROTARY SELECTOR


It allows the selection of various pick-up points of the electrical
network, to be connected to the DC (Amp) and DC (V) indicators for
reading of:
the charge/discharge current and the voltage of BAT (1-2-3) - TR
(ESS-1-2)
the voltage only of ESS BUS.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-86
2486

ATA 24
A300/A310

DC Controls and Indications

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-87
2487

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 RH ECAM - ELEC DC PAGE


1.

2.

NORM BUS FIGURATION

5.

The figuration is Green when the DC NORM BUS is electrically


supplied.

The figuration is Green when the DC ESS BUS is electrically


supplied.

The figuration is Amber when the DC NORM BUS is not electrically


supplied.

The figuration is Amber when the DC ESS BUS is not electrically


supplied.

BAT INDICATION

6.

The indication is White, but:


becomes Amber when the BAT pushbutton switch is selected
OFF/R.

TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER UNIT CURRENT INDICATION

BATTERY VOLTAGE INDICATION


The indication is Green, but:
flashes when the current is <6A.

The indication is Green, but:


becomes Amber when the voltage is <25V or >31V.
8.
4.

INV INDICATION
The indication is White when the emergency inverter is operating to
supply the AC EMER BUS.

7.
3.

ESS BUS FIGURATION

TRANSFORMER RECTIFIER UNIT VOLTAGE INDICATION

BATTERY CURRENT DIGITAL AND ANALOG INDICATIONS


The indication is Green, but:
becomes Amber when the voltage is <25V or >31V.

The indications are Green, but:


become Amber when the current is <-5A.
9.
A White OFF indication is displayed in place of current indications
when the associated BAT pushbutton switch is selected OFF/R and
the battery line contactor is open.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

DC BUS TIE LINE


The indication is:
Green when the DC BUS TIE is closed
not visible when the DC BUS TIE is open.

24-88
2488

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 RH ECAM - ELEC DC PAGE

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-89
2489

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/ Some A310 DC Power Warning Logic

Depicted below are the various warnings displayed in the flight compartment in the event the fault
shown occurs in the aircraft DC power system. Also shown graphically are the different flight
phases at which the warnings will or will not be displayed.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-90
2490

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/ Some A310 DC Power Warning Logic

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-91
2491

ATA 24
A300/A310

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY


LEFT BLANK

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-92
2492

ATA 24
A300/A310

APU
POWER SECTION

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-93
2493

ATA 24
A300/A310

AC Auxiliary Generation
GENERAL
The AC auxiliary generation is provided by the APU generator which is
able:
-

in flight to replace either or both engine generators in case of failure


on the ground to supply the aircraft network when no ground power
unit is available.

It is cooled by oil spraying and associated with a regulation and protector


unit (GCU), the function of which is to:
-

regulate the network voltage,


control the generator while protecting the network and the generator
control the different warnings and indicators.

Moreover, the GCU is fitted with a built-in test equipment (BITE) which
enables maintenance operations of the system to be facilitated.

The auxiliary generator, directly driven at constant speed by the APU, is


a conventional, 3-coaxial component brushless generator:
-

PMG,
rotating diode pilot exciter,
finally, the generator itself.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-94
2494

ATA 24
A300/A310

APU Generator

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-95
2495

ATA 24
A300/A310

APU Generator Controls and Indications


Controls and indications related to the APU generator are located on the
flight compartment overhead panel and are transmitted via the GCU.

The effective supply of the aircraft network by means of the battery


tie contactor(s) depends on the availability of the other generation
sources.

A. Controls and Indications in the Flight Compartment


NOTES:
On the ground, the generator line contactor will only close if the
ground power unit does not already supply the transfer network:
the ground power unit has a priority on the APU generator to
supply the aircraft
For reference only, each aircraft network is supplied according to
the following priority order:
- by its generator
- by the ground power unit
- by the auxiliary generator
- by the second generator

The operation of the APU generator is controlled by ELEC PWR/APU


GEN pushbutton switch with two positions:
- OFF/R selected, the pushbutton switch is released out, and the
White legend is on: the generator is shut down (deenergized and
the line contactor is open)
- ON selected, the pushbutton switch is pressed in, the generator
is energized, its rotational speed being high enough
- If the electrical parameters are correct, the line contactor closes
to supply the transfer circuit.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-96
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ATA 24
A300/A310

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-97
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ATA 24
A300/A310

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY


LEFT BLANK

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-98
2498

ATA 24
A300/A310

AC/DC
STAND-BY
POWER SECTION

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-99
2499

ATA 24
A300/A310

AC/DC Stand-by Power Generation


GENERATOR
AC/DC stand-Say generation is achieved by a generator driven at a
constant speed by an hydraulic motor powered by the Green system.

GENERATOR CONTROL UNIT (GCU)


It is associated with a generator control unit which provides AC voltage
and frequency regulation and protection.

The generator is rated at:


- AC channel:
5 kVA, 115 V, 400 Hz
- DC channel:
50A, 28 V (24 to 30 V)

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-100
24100

ATA 24
A300/A310

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-101
24101

ATA 24
A300/A310

AC/DC Stand-by Power Distribution

When the logical conditions are met, the STBY GEN supplies:
a part of the AC ESS BUS: 3XP-2, and
the AC EMER BUS, and
the DC ESS BUS

Starting without feeding


The STBY GEN starts to run as goon as the following conditions
are met:
DC NORM BUS is OFF, and
the generator line contactor 2 is opened, and
BAT OVRD pushbutton switch is not selected ON, and
Green hydraulic power is available, and
Aircraft is in flight.
AC power feeding
When feeding conditions are met:
no FAULT detected by the STBY GEN generator control unit,
and
DC STBY power available he AC STBY contactor closes,
and AC power supplies the AC ESS BUS (3XP-2), and the
AC EMER BUS.
DC power feeding
When feeding conditions are met:
no FAULT detected by the STBY GEN generator control unit,
and
DC STBY power available, and
no APU start attempt, and
LAND RECOVERY pushbutton switch is not selected ON
the DC STBY contactor closes, and DC power supplies the DC
ESS BUS.
After an automatic starting in flight, the two starting conditions DC
ESS ON .BAT and aircraft in flight are replaced by a STBY GEN
operating condition to maintain the STBY GEN operating (since DC
ESS BUS is no longer fed by the batteries) even after landing.
APU GEN has priority over STBY GEN to supply the electrical
network, when the main GEN 1 and GEN 2 generation is lost.

AC ESS BUS (3XP-2)


3XP-2 part of AC ESS BUS is normally supplied by AC BUS 1, through
the essential transfer contactor 1 and a two-direction switch.
Should STBY AC power feeding conditions be met, the two-direction
switch automatically:
will split the connection between 3XP-1 and 3XP-2, and AC BUS 1,
and
will establish the connection between the AC output of the STBY
GEN and 3XP-2.
DC ESS BUS
DC ESS BUS is normally supplied by:
DC NORM BUS through a DC BUS TIE contactor, and
3XP-2 through the ESS TR.
Should STBY DC power feeding conditions be met, the DC ESS BUS will
be supplied:
by the DC output of the STBY GEN, or
the batteries if the BAT OVRD pushbutton switch is selected ON,
(the STBY GEN is then deactivated).
AC EMER BUS
Automatic operation of the STBY GEN is not controlled by the STBY
GEN pushbutton switch (even if the pushbutton switch is broken, as soon
as logical conditions will be met, automatic operation of the STBY GEN
will start).
The pushbutton switch allows, only, to force the STBY GEN starting even
if the automatic starting conditions are not met.
AUTO (P/B Switch Released-out)
Normal position. Automatic starting is not possible on the ground.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-102
24102

ATA 24
A300/A310

AC/DC Stand-by Power - Generation and Distribution

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-103
24103

ATA 24
A300/A310

AC/DC Stand-by Power Distribution (continued)

OVRD (P/B Switch Pressed-in)

The OVRD light illuminates White to indicate the pushbutton switch


is pressed-in.

FAULT
The FAULT light illuminates Amber when:
- A failure (Under Voltage or Under Frequency) is detected by
the GCU, or
- An anomaly is detected in the AC Stand-By Line Contactor
logic.

Either in flight or on the ground, the STBY GEN is forced to run as


soon as the following conditions are met:
- BAT OVRD pushbutton switch is not selected ON, and
- Green hydraulic power is available
Feeding of AC ESS BUS (3XP-2), AC EMER BUS and DC ESS
BUS by the STBY GEN is achieved in the same way as with the
STBY GEN pushbutton switch selected AUTO.

FAULTS

EFFECTS

Under Voltage

AC and DC Stand-By Line


Contactors OPEN
Generator is de-energized

Under Frequency

If the forced starting has been initiated:


- In flight, the STBY GEN operation will continue after landing
- On the ground, the STBY GEN operation will be limited to 2
minutes (ground test).

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-104
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ATA 24
A300/A310

AC/DC Stand-by Power - Generation and Distribution

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-105
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ATA 24
A300/A310

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY


LEFT BLANK

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-106
24106

ATA 24
A300/A310

EXTERNAL
POWER SUPPLY
SECTION

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-107
24107

ATA 24
A300/A310

External Power and Maintenance Bus Switch


An external power receptacle, located on the lower forward part of the
fuselage, in the lengthwise axis, allows the aircraft to be supplied with a
three-phase 115/200V - 400 Hz power through the external power line
contactor from an electrical ground power unit.

A ground power control unit (GPCU) automatically opens the external


power line contactor in the event of:
overvoltage or undervoltage
overfrequency or underfrequency
open phase or phase sequence

MOMENTARILY PRESSED
If the AVAIL light was on, it goes off.
The external power line contactor closes and the external power
may supply the AC BUS 1 and the AC BUS 2 through both
transfer contactors 1 and 2 as long as the external power
electrical parameters are normal.
The ON light comes on Blue.
If the ON light was on, it goes off.
The external power line contactor is open and the AC BUS 1 and
AC BUS 2 are no longer electrically supplied.

When the APU GEN power and the external power are simultaneously
available, the external power has priority to supply the aircraft.

The AVAIL light comes on Green if the external power electrical


parameters are normal.

The engine-driven generator has priority over the APU GEN and the
external power to supply the aircraft. A MAINTenance BUS switch
(MAINT BUS sw) is located on the forward cabin circuit breakers panel.
It supplies only the service busbars with electrical power when the
external power unit is connected to the aircraft (AVAIL light on), but not
coupled (ON light off).

MAINTENANCE BUS SWITCH


The MAINTenance BUS switch located on the forward Cabin CB Panel
controls:
the AC input to the TR2 unit which supplies the DC ground service
busbars
and the supply to the AC ground service busbars.

COCKPIT CONTROLS
EXT PWR PUSHBUTTON
The pushbutton controls the coupling of the aircraft electrical network
with an AC external power when:
an external power is connected
and the electrical power is available.

ON
The switch is magnetically latched if the external power electrical
parameters are normal (as long as the AVAIL light is on in the EXT
PWR pushbutton).
AC GROUND/FLIGHT BUS and AC GROUND BUS are directly
supplied.
DC GROUND/FLIGHT BUS and DC GROUND BUS are supplied
through the TR unit 2.
Lighting, cargo doors operation, cargo loading and refueling are
operative.

OFF
The ground service busbars are not electrically supplied by the
external power as long as the AVAIL light is on.

AVAIL
The AVAIL light comes on Green when:
an AC external power is plugged-in,
the external power electrical parameters being normal, the
electrical power is available, and
the external power line contactor is open (the external power
does not supply the AC BUS 1 and AC BUS 2).

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-108
24108

ATA 24
A300/A310

External Power/MAINT BUS Switch

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-109
24109

ATA 24
A300/A310

MISCELLANEOUS
ELECTRICAL AREAS

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-110
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ATA 24
A300/A310

THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY


LEFT BLANK

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-111
24111

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Avionics Bay Electronic Rack 80VU

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-112
24112

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Ground Power Control Unit (GPCU) BITE Check


OVERALL OPERATION
The three GCUs and the GPCU are individually responsible for isolating
fault conditions and storing the results in nonvolatile memory (NVM).
That data is stored during the flight and retained for display while on the
ground. During the flight, there is no communication between units since
the GPCU is not powered.

A primary feature of BITE is the alphanumeric display located on the


GPCU. This is a 24 character readout that displays messages describing
what faults have occurred and which area of the system contains the
problem.

When the aircraft lands (and power is applied to the GPCU by a switch in
the nose gear) the GPCU communications' software is activated. The
GPCU then attempts to establish communications with the three GCUs
by means of the serial data links. Each GCU is interrogated individually
to determine if it has stored any BITE messages during the flight. If any
of the units has a BITE message available, the BITE MESSAGE
INDICATOR is illuminated and can only be extinguished by pushing a
button on the GPCU. No communication takes place between the GCUs
at any time.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

BITE defines which LRU has failed or if a failure has occurred in the
wiring or sensors associated with the Electric Power System of the
aircraft.

24-113
24113

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 GPCU BITE Check

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-114
24114

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generating System - Fault Isolation

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

24-115
24115

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generating System - Fault Isolation

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generating System - Fault Isolation

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generating System - Fault Isolation

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generating System - Fault Isolation

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generating System - Fault Isolation

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generating System - Fault Isolation

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generating System - Fault Isolation

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generating System - Fault Isolation

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical Power Generating System - Fault Isolation

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

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LEFT BLANK

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

Maintenance Panel
1.

REFUEL ON BAT LIGHT

5.

The REFUEL ON FEAT light comes on White when the refueling


system is electrically supplied by the battery 1.
2.

It allows selection of the AC volt-age


phase to be indicated on the AC (V) and FRQ indicators when the
AC(V) -FRQ -LOAD display rotary selector is selected GEN 1, GEN
2, APU GEN or EXT PWR.

DC BUS TIE CONTACTOR FAULT LIGHT


The FAULT light comes on White to indicate the DC BUS TIE
CONTACTOR has been opened after detection of a reverse current
in the DC ESS BUS - DC NORM BUS direction.

3.

DC BUS TIE CONTACTOR RESET PUSHBUTTON

The PHASE SEL selector is inoperative in all other positions of the


AC(V) -FRQ -LOAD display rotary selector.
6.

The pushbutton allows the rearming of the reverse current detector


which controls the DC BUS TIE CONTACTOR and extinguish the
FAULT indication.
4.

GPCU - BITE DISPLAY LIGHT

AC PHASE SEL ( A-B-C) ROTARY SELECTOR

TR RESET PUSHBUTTONS
Each pushbutton allows the rearming of the corresponding TR
protection unit after a failure has been detected and to extinguish the
associated FAULT indication.

7.

The BITE DISPLAY light comes on White to indicate a failure has


been detected on the channel of:
GEN 1
or GEN 2
or APU GEN
or EXT PWR

TR1, TR2, ESS TR, FAULT LIGHTS


A FAULT light comes on White when:
a reverse current is detected in the distribution Busbar/TR unit
direction
a TR unit overheat is detected
a no current indication is detected.

8.

BAT 1, BAT 2, BAT 3 OVERHEAT LIGHTS


A BAT OVHT light comes on White to indicate the charging current
for the related battery increases at a rate greater than 0.4A/min.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

Maintenance Panel: ELEC PWR Panel (472 VU)

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Flight Compartment Circuit Breaker (CB) Panels - Location

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

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MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/Some A310 Electrical Load Distribution - General/Typical

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

Some A310 Electrical Load Distribution - General/Typical

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Electrical System - Inspection and Check of Electrical Circuit


Inspection/Check of Electrical Circuit

The inspection/check procedure consists of two distinct operations :


A cursory inspection, which consists of a visual examination of all
components readily visible and which does not necessitate
component removal.
A detailed inspection, which consists of removing any components
which obscure the view of other components, thus permitting a
detailed visual examination of all system components.

Cursory Inspection
Check the general outer condition, the attachment and
appearance of the following components :
Panels and their equipment
Electrical connectors
Rack-mounted system components
Indicators
Electrical bonding leads
Check the condition of all wiring (for signs of ageing, alteration,
overheating, scaling and deformation which might detrimentally
affect wiring performance).
Replace defective components

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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Detailed Inspection
Open access doors and casings, remove or open the panels,
shields and components obscuring other components (if
necessary), in order to gain access to wiring, plugs, electrical
connections and various system components.
Concerning the various components :
Remove dust using a vacuum cleaner and clean further
if necessary.
Check labels and their identification.
Check attachment and general appearance of
components.
Concerning wiring :
Check identification sleeves or labels for correct
condition as well as protective coatings, insulation and
protective fittings.
Check condition of wiring (for signs of ageing, alteration,
overheating, scaling and deformation which might
detrimentally affect wiring performance).
Concerning electrical connectors :
Disconnect plugs, check their physical and electrical
conditions.
Make certain that there are no traces of oxydation or
corrosion, replace defective components (seals, gaskets,
grommets, ferrules etc...)
Check the tightness of connections to all electrical
accessories, ground bonding leads, ground leads,
busbars and terminal bars.
Check tightness of non-safetied connectors.
Check condition of electrical connector protections in
hydraulics compartment.
Replace defective components.
Install removed components and restore all equipment to
operating condition.

ATA 24
A300/A310

A300/A310 Static Grounding Positions - Grounding Locations

NOTE: Some A310s have Static Grounding


Receptacle located in the High
Pressure Ground Connectors Area on
RH Air Conditioning Fairing - Fwd Area

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

AIRBUS ATA 24 QUICK QUIZ


The following quiz covers training areas to further increase your knowledge and skills of
the Airbus A300/A310 aircraft and other areas of importance to you...
1. WHAT IS THE POSSIBLE CAUSE WHEN THE
DC BUS TIE CONTACTOR FAULT LIGHT
ILLUMINATES? WHERE IS THE LIGHT
LOCATED? WHAT COLOR IS IT? IS THE
CONTACTOR A RESETTABLE TYPE?

6. ALL THREE BATTERY PBsw ARE SELECTED


OFF, WHICH EQUIPMENT ARE STILL
SUPPLIED ELECTRICALLY?

2. WHAT IS THE PURPOSE OF THE APU GCU?


3. WHICH ELECTRICAL BUS RECEIVES ELEC
POWER DIRECTLY FROM THE ENGINE AC
GENERATOR WHEN THE OVERRIDE PBsw IS
SELECTED ON?
4. WHICH UNIT PROTECTS THE ELECTRICAL
NETWORK BY CONTROLLING THE EPC
(EXTERNAL POWER CONTACTOR)? WHERE
IS THE CONTACTOR LOCATED?

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

5. NAME THE THREE ELECTRICAL BUSSES


THAT THE AC/DC STANDBY GENERATOR
WILL POWER WHEN LOGICAL CONDITIONS
ARE MET?

7. CONDITION: STATIC INVERTER FAILS TO


SUPPLY THE AC EMER BUS, WHICH ITEM
WOULD YOU POSSIBLY CHECK FIRST?
WHERE IS IT LOCATED ON THE AIRCRAFT?
8. WHEN WILL THE IDG AMBER FAULT LIGHT
ILLUMINATE DURING ENGINE OPERATION?

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ATA 24
A300/A310

AIRBUS ATA 24 QUICK QUIZ - ANSWER SHEET/NOTES

1.

5.

2.

6.

3.

7.

4.

8.

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310

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LEFT BLANK
ATA 24 - END
COURSE CODE - M540000

MTT M540000 / R3.3 01AUG01


For Training Purposes Only

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ATA 24
A300/A310