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GATE-2016

Engineering Combines The Fields Of Science And Maths To Solve Real World
Problems That Improve The World Around Us. What Really Distinguishes An
Engineer Is His Ability To Implement Ideas In A Cost Effective And Practical
Approach. This Ability To Take A Thought, Or Abstract Idea, And Translate It
Into Reality Is What Separates An Engineer From Other Fields Of Science And
Mathematics.
Four Years Of Research Life Of Individual Decides Forty Years Of Future Of
The Nation.Then 4lakh Engineers Of Research.????? Thats The Power Of
An Engineering Student
This Privilege Corral To INDIA And For INDIAN Students Due To IITs,
Iisc Whose Effort Made Engineering And Technology To Reach
Indians,,,Due To Which Today INDIA Is Standing One Of The Top Listing
Countries In The World In The Field Of Technology..
That Knowledge Wisdom Society The Indian Institute Of Science (Iisc) And
Seven Indian Institutes Of Technology (Iits At Bombay, Delhi, Guwahati,
Kanpur, Kharagpur, Madras And Roorkee) Jointly Administer The Conduct Of
GATE. Which Is The Graduate Aptitude Test In Engineering (GATE)
And Is An All India Examination Administered And Conducted Jointly By The
Indian Institute Of Science And Seven Indian Institutes Of Technology That
Are Listed Below On Behalf Of The National Coordination Board - GATE,
Department Of Higher Education, Ministry Of Human Resource Development
(MHRD), Government Of India.
I Admire That It Is Must Necessary To All The Engineers To Write This
Exam As It Tests The REAL ENGINEERING SKILLS.
Let's Now Analyze What Makes GATE So Important As A Career
Deciding Factor.

A Gateway To Extensive Practical Exercises, Various Case Studies,


Simulation & Modeling Of Real Life Problems, Individual And Group
Projects, Research Publications/Presentations In Journals/Conferences
Etc.
GATE Qualified Students Are Awarded Scholarship / Assistantship Of
Minimum Rs 5000/- Or More Per Month In All Engineering Colleges /
Institutes.

GATE Qualified Candidates In The Engineering Disciplines Are Also


Eligible For The Award Of Junior Research Fellowship At CSIR
Laboratories.
Foreign Universities & Industries Prefer GATE Qualified Candidates.

Some institutions specify GATE qualification as mandatory even for


admission of self-financing students to postgraduate programs. GATE
qualified candidates are also eligible for the award of Junior Research
Fellowship in CSIR Laboratories and CSIR sponsored projects. Top rank
holders in some GATE papers are entitled to apply for Shyama Prasad
Mukherjee Fellowship awarded by CSIR. Some government
organizations prescribe GATE qualification as a requirement for applying
to the post of a Scientist/Engineer.

In recent years, various academicians have recognized GATE as being


one of the toughest exams in its category. Some non-Indian universities
like the National University of Singapore, Nanyang Technological
University in Singapore and some technical universities in Germany also
identify GATE score as a parameter for judging the quality of the
candidates for admission into their Masters and Ph.D. programs.

Some management institutes like NITIE, Mumbai offer admission to Post


Graduate Diploma in Industrial Engineering on the basis of GATE score.
Admission in IIMs for the Fellow Programme in Management using GATE
Score

Total number of candidates appearing in GATE.


Year

Number of candidates appearing

2014

889,156

2013

984,855

2012

686,614

2011

553,000

2010

414,000

2009

230,000

2008

180,000

Normalized GATE Score (new procedure)


Calculation of "normalized marks" for subjects held in multiple sessions (CE, CS, EC, EE
and ME):

Graph showing the linear relationship between "actual marks" and "normalized marks" of a candidate, in a
multiple-session
session subject (CE, EE, ME, EE or CE) of GATE.
g

M t = average marks of top 0.1 % of the candidates in all sessions of that subject.
g

= mean + standard deviation, of marks of all candidates in all sessions of that subject.
sub
th

Mti = average marks of top 0.1 % of candidates in the i session of that subject.
th

Miq = mean + standard deviation, of marks of candidates in the i session of that subject.

In 2014, examination for CE, CS, EC, EE and ME subjects is being held in multiple
mul
sessions.
Hence, for these subjects, a suitable normalization is applied to take into account any variation in
the difficulty levels of the question sets across different sessions. The normalization is done
based on the fundamental assumption that"in
that all multi-session
session GATE papers, the distribution of
abilities of candidates is the same across all the sessions".
sessions". According to the GATE committee,
this assumption is justified since "the number of candidates appearing in multi-session
multi
subjects
in GATE 2014 is large and the procedure of allocation of session to candidates is random.
Further it is also ensured that for the same multi-session
multi session subject, the number of candidates
allotted in each session is of the same order of magnitude."

Based on the above, and considering various normalization methods, the committee arrived at
the following formula for calculating the normalized marks, for CE, CS, EC, EE and ME subjects:
Normalized mark (Mij) of jth candidate in ith session, is given by

Mij = {(Mgt - Mgq) / ( Mij - Miq )}[ Mti - Miq ] + Mgq


where,
Mij is the actual marks obtained by the jth candidate in the ith session,
Mgt is the average marks of the top 0.1 % of the candidates in all sessions of that subject,
Mgq is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of all candidates in all sessions
of that subject,
Mti is the average of marks of top 0.1 % of candidates in the ith session of that subject,
Miq is the sum of mean and standard deviation of marks of candidates in the ith session of
that subject.
After
er evaluation of the answers, normalized marks based on the above
formula will be calculated using the raw (actual) marks obtained by a
candidate in the CE, CS, EC, EE or ME subject. The "score" will be
calculated using these normalized marks. For all other
other subjects (whose tests
are conducted in a single session), the actual marks obtained by the
candidates will be used in calculating the score.
Calculation of GATE Score for all subjects (both single-session
single
and
multiple-session):
session):

Graph showing the linear relationship between marks and score in GATE.
Mq = Qualifying marks for general category candidates.
Mt = Average marks of top 0.1 % or top 10 (whichever is higher) candidates.

Sq = 350.
St = 900.
Note: In case of multiple-session
multiple
subjects (EC, CS, ME, EE and CE), "marks" considered
are the "normalized marks".

From GATE 2014 onward (and year 2014-15


2014
of the 2-year
year validity period of
GATE 2013 score), a candidate's GATE score is computed by the following
new formula.[10]

where,
S = Score (normalized) of a candidate,
M = Marks obtained by a candidate ("normalized marks" in case of multiple-session
multiple
subjects CE, CS, EC, EE and ME),
Mq = Qualifying marks for general category candidates in that subject (usually 25 or +
,, whichever is higher),
= Average (i.e. arithmetic mean) of marks of all candidates in that subject,
= Standard deviation of marks of all candidates in that subject,
Mt = Average marks of top 0.1 % or top 10 (whichever is higher) candidates in that
subject,
St = 900 = Score assigned to Mt,
Sq = 350 = Score assigned to Mq.
Percentile:
A candidate's percentile denotes the percentage of
candidates scoring lower than that particular
candidate. It is calculated as:

Percentile = ( 1 - All India


rank / No. of candidates in
that subject ) x 100 %

Difficulty level of GATE


GATE, for long, has been known to test the Engineering basics in a smart way.
Complaints of "lengthy" problems have been rare. But the task of mastering an
entire course of Engineering (30 plus subjects) for a three hour test, itself gives
the test a certain level of toughness. Each year, only around 15 % of all
appearing candidates qualify.

Some Government Organisations Considering


Considering GATE Score For The
Post Of Scientists

Also Psus Considering GATE Scores For Entry Level


Engineer Positions

Comp
Electroni
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Company

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commun e and
ication

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ntation

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Metallur

Indian Oil

gical

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4. FertilizersLt -

(19

posts)

d.

(10
posts)

(10

posts)

(10

Neyveli
5.

Lignite
Corporation

49

posts)

Mining
-

(3
posts)

(27
posts)

(21
posts)

(8

(9

posts)

posts)

Ltd.

engineer
ing (10

78

posts)

National
Hydroelectri
6. c Power

Corporation

(25
posts)

(13
0
posts)

(25
posts)

180

Ltd.

National
Thermal
7. Power

Corporation
Ltd.

Power Grid
8. Corporation of IndiaLtd.

(13
-

posts)

Metallur
9.

Vizag Steel

gical

Plant

engineer
ing

132

Gas
1
0.

Authority of
India

Limited (GA

(18
posts)

(14
posts)

(13

posts)

(20
posts)

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IL)

Chemist
ry (5
posts),

Mineral
1 Exploration
1. Corporation

(20
posts)

Geology
-

and

35

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Ltd.

ics (7 +
3 = 10
posts)

1 Mazagon

(7

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posts)

(24
posts)

(14
posts)

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National
1 Aluminium
3. Company Lt
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(15
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Total
number of

>7

>3

> 168

> 341

> 97

> 42

> 30

posts

> 25

>
713

In the above table, ">" is the "greater than" sign. The exact number of posts in each discipline
can not be known, as some companies have not revealed the numbers of posts.
Many other PSUs are also processing the MoU and these are in progress

Changes In GATE-2016:
All Supporting documents should be sent online only. No hard copy will be
accepted
Payments have to be made through debit/ATM cards, credit cards or internet
banking and e-challan only
GATE 2016 score is valid for THREE YEARS from the date of announcement
of the results
Changes In GATE 2015 That Will Continue To Remain In Force For
GATE 2016

NOTE:- IISC BANGALORE IS THE ORGANIZATION INSTITUTE FOR


GATE-2016. Visit http://gate.iisc.ernet.in/

PREPARATION TIPS FOR GATE


Regarding The Tips And Analysis For The Preparation As Per The Guidance
Of Our Wisdom Team Members.
1). If The Preparation Is For One YearThen Start Following C4 Formulae.
C- Concept . Read The Concepts In The Manner Of WHAT Is WHAT
Under Perfection.
C- Confidence. Recall The Concepts Number Of Times Like YOGI
Which Enrich Your Confidence.
C- Command. Now Start Doing Exercises . Problems. From Multiple
Sources And Think WHY IT IS LIKE THISWHY NOT IN THE OTHER
WAY.
C- Creation . By The End You...Yourself Create The Shortcuts To Solve
The Problems Which Make You To Reach Mantle Of Success
2). Collect All The Relevant Books For The Subject. This Collection Must
Include The Books For Fundamental And Basic Concepts As Well As For
Specific Problems, Guide Book For GATE And Previous Year Question Papers.
3). Always Try To Go Through The Standard Books Which Are Easily
Available And In Which You Can Easily Understand The Concepts. This Will
Improve Your Learning Ability.
4).One Month Before The Examination You Should Start Revising The Course
As Many Times As Possible So That On The Day Before The Exam You Will
Be Prepared Enough To Crack The Exam.
5).In The Revision Stage Concentrate More On The Selected Topics.
6).Time Management Is Important But Not At The Cost Of Answering The
Paper Accurately.
7).Always Try To Attempt Only Those Questions In Which You Are Pretty
Confident And You Know The Answer Very Well.
8).Read The Questions Carefully And Apply Proper Logic Before Marking The
Answer.
9).Always Avoid The Negative Marking.

10).Do Not Attempt Unnecessary Questions In Which You Are Not Confident
Because That May Cost You Much.
11).Do Not Try To Get Hold Of The Entire Syllabus Prescribed By GATE. A
Selective Preparation Would Be A Very Helpful
Concept And Should Be Learned Accurately.
12).Memorization Of Any Problem Without A Clear Idea Of The Concept Will
Be A Futile Exercise.
13).I Feel That It Is Better To Have Flexible Time Plan Before Going To Exam
And Have A Balance Of Mind. It Helps In Avoiding The Silly Mistake

GATE-2015 Paper Structure


The GATE examination consists of a single paper of 3-hour duration that
contains 65 questions carrying a maximum of 100 marks. The question paper
will consist of both multiple choice questions (MCQ) and numerical answer
type questions.
In all the papers, there will be a total of 65 questions carrying 100 marks, out of
which 10 questions carrying a total of 15 marks are in General Aptitude (GA).
In the papers bearing the codes AE, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, EC, EE, IN, ME,
MN, MT, PI, TF and XE, the Engineering Mathematics will carry around 15%
of the total marks, the General Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total
marks and the remaining 70% percentage of the total marks is devoted to the
subject of the paper.
In the papers bearing the codes AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH and XL, the General
Aptitude section will carry 15% of the total marks and the remaining 85% of the
total marks is devoted to the subject of the paper.
GATE 2015 would contain questions of two different types in various papers:
The examination for all the papers will be carried out in an ONLINE Computer
Based Test (CBT) mode where the candidates will be shown the questions in a
random sequence on a computer screen. The candidates are required to either
select the answer (for MCQ type) or enter the answer for numerical answer type
question using a mouse on a virtual keyboard (keyboard of the computer will be

disabled). Candidates will be provided with blank paper sheets for rough work
and these have to be returned back after the examination. At the end of the 3hour window, the computer will automatically close the screen from further
actions.
General Aptitude Questions
All the papers will contain few questions that test the General Aptitude
(Language and Analytical Skills), apart from the core subject of the paper.
XE Paper
A candidate appearing in the XE paper has to answer the following
1. Section A Engineering Mathematics (compulsory)
2. GA General Aptitude (compulsory)
3. Any two of XE sections B to G
The choice of two sections from B to G can be made during the examination
after viewing the questions. Only two optional sections can be answered at a
time. A candidate wishing to change midway of the examination to another
optional section must first choose to deselect one of the previously chosen
optional sections (B to G).
XL Paper
A candidate appearing in the XL paper has to answer the following
Section H Chemistry (compulsory)
GA General Aptitude (compulsory)
Any two of XL sections I to M
The choice of two sections from I to M can be made during the examination
after viewing the questions. Only two optional sections can be answered by the
candidate. A candidate wishing to change midway of the examination to another
optional section must first choose to deselect one of the previously chosen
optional sections (I to M).

1. Examinations for all the 22 papers will be conducted by an ONLINE


Computer Based Test (CBT). The online examination paper will contain
some questions for which numerical answers must be keyed in by the
candidate using the virtual keypad. Rest of the questions shall be of
Multiple Choice Question (MCQ) type.
2. Biometric information (Photograph and Fingerprints) for randomly
selected candidates may be captured before the start of the examination.
3. GATE 2015
15 examinations will be held during forenoon and afternoon
sessions on alternate weekends (Saturday and Sunday) between 31st
January 2015 and 14th February 2015. Examination for some of the
papers in GATE 2015 will be held in multiple sessions. Exact details
detai
regarding complete examination schedule will be notified at a later date.

HOW TO APPLY
1. For GATE 2016 the entire process of filling up of application form,
uploading of certificates/documents, etc., will be online and the
candidates should not send any hard copy of their application
form/documents, etc., to any of the IIT/IISc zonal GATE office.
2. The payment
nt of application fees would be online through different modes
like net banking, debit/credit card, e-challan,
e
etc.
3. The admit cards for GATE 2016 would be available through the online
process only. Candidates can download their admit card from GATE
2015 website.
bsite. No hard copy of admit cards will be posted to the
candidates.

All candidates have to apply only ONLINE. Details of the application fee are
shown below. The application fee is non-refundable.
non
Male Candidates
(General/OBC)

1500/
1500/-

Women
Candidates of any

750/
750/-

category
Other Candidates
(General/OBC)

1500/
1500/-

SC / ST / PwD*
Category
Candidates

750/
750/-

* PwD: Person with a Physical Disability


For GATE 2015 payments would have to be made through online by selecting
either SBI I-collect
collect or Axis Bank I-Connect,
I Connect, or using any bank Debit/ATM
Card, Credit Card, Net Banking and e-challan
e
facilities ONLY. Additional
charges will be applicable as per the rule of the bank from where the money is
being transferred. Table below gives the charges
charges as applicable for State Bank of
India (SBI) I-Collect
Collect and Axis Bank I-Connect
I Connect where the GATE 2015 account
is and where the money is to be transferred.

GATE Eligibility
Before starting the application process, the candidate must:
1. Ensure that he/she
/she meets the eligibility criteria (given below) of GATE
2015.
2. Determine the GATE paper you wish to appear for. A candidate is allowed
to appear in ONLY ONE paper.
3. Choose the City of choice to appear for the examination: There are two
primary choices and one secondary choice. If you choose a particular city as
your first choice, then the corresponding zone to which this city belongs will
appear, and you will be able to choose another city as your second choice only
from this
his zone. These choices will be your primary choices in a specific zone.
However, a third choice has also been introduced in GATE 2015, which is your
secondary choice. The list of 3rd choice cities will be as specified by each zone
and this will be used only
ly when your cities of primary choice are not available.
However, because of operational constraints, the GATE committee reserves the

right to add a new city or remove an existing one, and allot a city that may not
be any of the choices of a candidate.
The categories of candidates eligible to appear for GATE 2015 are given in
Table below.
IMPORTENT REFERANCE BOOKS FOR GATE PREPARATION
Electrical Engineering
Electronic Measurements: A.K. SAHANI
Digital Electronics: 1. JAIN; 2. MORRIS MANO
Power Electronics: 1. RASHID; 2. SINGH, K.B. KHANCHANDNI
Electrical Machine: 1. NAGRATH & KOTARI; 2. P.S. BIMBRA
POWER SYSTEMS: 1. NAGRATH & KOTARI, 2. C.L WADHWA

ECE: Network Theory: 1. VAN VALKENBURG; 2. HYTE KIMBERLY


Electronic Devices and Circuits: 1. L. BOYLESTAD; 2. SEDRA AND SMITH
Electromagnetic field Theory: 1. HAYTE (EEE); 2. KRAUS (ECE)
Control System: 1. I.J. NAGRATH & GOPAL; 2. B.C.KUO
Signals and Systems: 1. OPPENHEIM; 2. SCHUM SERIES
Digital Electronics: 1. JAIN; 2. MORRIS MANO
Communication Systems: 1. SAMEN HAIKIS; 2. SCHAMS SERIES
Micro Processor 8085: GOANKAR

Computer Engineering / (IT)


Programming: Kanithkar
Data Structure: Allenweiss

Algorithms: Sahni ,CORMEN


Compiler Design: Ravi Sethi
Soft ware Engineering: Pressman
Computer Networks : Tannen Baum
OPERATING SYSTEMS:- GALVIN & SILBERCHATZ
THEORY OF COMPUTATION:- HOP CRAFT & ULLMAN

Mechanical Engineering / (IT)


1. Engineering Mechanics: Timoshenko & Young;
2. Theory of Machines: Ghosh and Mallik, S.S.Rattan;
3. Vibrations: M.P. Groover;
4. Design of Machines: J.E. Shigley, V.B. Bhandari;
5. Fluid Mechanics: K.Subramanya, A.K.Jain;
6. Heat Transfer: R.C.Sachdeva
7.STRENGTH OF MATERIALS:- B.C PUNAMIA
8.THERMODYNAMICS:- P.K NAG

ELECTRONICS AND COMMUNICATION ENGINEERING

is one of the well known branches of engineering that finds its significance in
various modes of the students life.
ECE students should have good mathematical background to succeed in all
aspects.
1. Networks

2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

Electronic Devices
Analog Circuits
Digital Circuits
Signal & Systems
Control Systems
Communications
ElectromagneticS
NETWORKS
Networks subject requires maximum concentration and will have more
weightage in the exam. It mainly deals with network theorems, nodal and
mesh analysis, Laplace transforms, 2 port networks, steady state analysis,
etc. It is another subject with more number of problems in each topic.
One should practice more number of problems from the standard
textbooks and previous GATE papers for success. Few textbooks for this
subject are mentioned.below:
Network Analysis by Van Valkenburg
Network Theory by Alexander Sadiku, UA Bakshi
Network Theory by Shaums outline, Robbins and Miller

CONTROL SYSTEMS
Control Systems is another important subject that finds more priority in
GATE exam. The students should learn about feedback systems, signal
flow graphs, Routh-Hurwitz criterion, Bode and Nyquist plots, PID
control, etc., to get good score. Most of the ECE students will concentrate
less on this subject by thinking tough; but by practicing one can get good
grip on the subject. The students can get good concepts and finds number
of problems from the textbooks like-

Control Systems by Ogatta,Kuo


Linear Control Systems by B.S Manke.

EDC AND ANALOG ELECTRONICS


From the analysis of recent GATE exams from 2014, EDC and ANALOG
ELECTRONICS are holding good weight in marks as well as the standard of
questions. Diode circuits, BJT amplifiers, FET biasing and amplifiers,
MOSFET physics and DC analysis, Frequency response, and Operational
amplifier applications and wave shapingmust be concentrated more for better
weightage. Also these topics are playing important role in interviews of IITs
and IISc admissions for Mtech through GATE. The students can get good
concepts and finds number of problems from the textbooks likeElectronic Devices
Electronic Devices and Circuits by Boylestead
Solid State Electronic Devices by Benjamin G Streetman
Integrated electronics by Milman Halkias
Electronic Devices and Circuits by David A Bell
Integrated Circuits: Sedra Smith, K.R. Botkar
Electronic Principals by Malvino
Analog Circuits
Electric Circuits by Joseph A. Edminister
Electronic Circuit Analysis by Donald Neamen
Electronic Devices and Circuits by Boylestead
Micro Electronic Circuits by Sedra & Smith

Signals and Systems


This subject introduces all fundamentals and mathematical tools that are
required to understand communication theory.
Good book to prepare for this subject is Signals and Systems

Signals and Systems:


Signals and System by Oppenham and Schiener
Signals and System: by Schaum Series, Willsky & Nacob
Signals and System by Sanjay Sharma
Communications
Prerequisite: Signals and Systems
The perfect core subject with good weightage, and command in this subject
shows many paths for future M.Tech cources. Signal to noise ratio of AM,
FM, also superheterodyne receiver, fundementals of information theory,
PCM, DPCM, matched filter receiversare some important topics need
more concentration.
Communications:
Communication Systems by Simon Haykin
Principle of Communication System by B. P. Lathi
Principle of Communication System by Taub & Schilling
Communication Systems by Carlson
Communication Systems by Sanjay Sharma
Out of all the subjects, the above mentioned subjects will require more attention
and a student can gain good score if he/she is able to the solve the questions in
these subjects in addition to the remaining subjects.
Digital circuits is another interesting subject which looks like an easy subject
but requires more practice. The student should practice the problems on logic
gates, logic families, combinational and sequential logic circuits,
microprocessors, etc.

COMPUTER SCINCE &INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY


Every computer science student needs to be competent with programming,
operating systems, backend and algorithmic reasoning to be successful in this
fast growing & competitive technology. Subjects like Theory of computition,
operating systems, c and data structures, DBMS and computer networks will
help the students for making their concepts stronger and be successful not only
in the GATE but also in the software industry.

MECHANICAL ENGINEERING
Mechanical core subjects like Thermodynamics, strength of materials , design
production and industrial engineering & operating systems can get good scores
in GATE exam. Students has to solve more problems on those subjects.

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING
In Electrical engineering main subjects like POWER SYSTEMS,
MACHINES,POWER ELECTRONICS AND MEASUREMENTS can get good
score in GATE. In these subjects students has to command on equations.

VANI INSTITUTE
P.SRINIVAS REDDY
MANAGING DIRECTOR.