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Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

VERTICAL
GARDEN
GUIDE

VERTICAL
GARDEN
GUIDE
How to use the Florafelt Vertical Gardening System

Plants On Walls
V E R T I C A L

G A R D E N S

by Chris Bribach

Florafelt 12-Pocket Planter

BRINGBUILDINGSALIVEANECOLOGICALPOSITIVE

PLANTSAREHEREFORUS
Anumberofstudieshaveshownthatplantsintheworkplacereducesickdaysandincrease
productivity,andeveryoneknowsthatgreeneryalwaysmakesahomemoreinviting.Aside
frompleasantaesthetics,plantsfillourroomswithfreshoxygen,anddeepinour
subconsciousweunderstandthatleavesandflowerssymbolizefood,healthandlife.Since
mostofusworkandliveinurbanareas,andwespendthevastmajorityofourtimeindoors,
barreninteriorscanbebothsoftenedandreinvigoratedbytheinherentpromiseofabundance
offeredbyplants.

HEALTHYSPACES
Interiorsrequirewallsandwallsarean
excitingnewplacetofillwithplants.The
creativepossibilitiesareendless.Youcan
createtheillusionoflookingintoagarden,
glimpsingajungleorenjoyingtheviewsfrom
acliffthatiscoveredinfoliage.Andthat
feelingoffreshnessisnotjustapleasant
sensation.Itismeasurable,sinceleaves
transformcarbontooxygen,andthesoilitself
removestoxinsfromtheair.Millionsofactive
organismsineveryscoopofsoilneutralize
toxinsbecausethemicrobiologyconverts
VOCsintonitrogen,whichisvitalforplants.
Usingthisancientsymbiosistoimproveour
modernworldkeepsusthrivingandalive.

URBANOASIS
Inabeautifulirony,citiesandurbanareas
providemoresurfaceareapersquarefootto
growplantsthanevenourmajestic
countrysides.Insideandout,ourwallscan
befilledwithplants,creatingacomplex,
biodiverselivingoasisineventhemost
denselypopulatedareas.Nativebirdsand
animalswouldflocktojoinusinoururban
centers,reconnectinguswithnaturein
thousandsofways.Edibleplantsandfruits
wouldbeplentiful,aharvestatarmsreach.

Photo:CustomRecirculatingFlorafeltVerticalGardenbyPasi
Lindberg,Zengrow,Helsinki,Finland

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

FLORAFELTITSAWHOLENEWWAYTOTHINKABOUTGARDENING

CBREOfficeTower,DowntownSanFrancisco,California.Designer:ChrisBribachofPlantsOnWalls.

FLORAFELTVERTICALPLANTERS
GrowingalivingwalliseasywithFlorafeltVerticalGardenPlanters.Ourhandmadeplanters
aredesignedtousethemicrofibersinPETfeltsothatalltheplantsarewateredequally.The
feltismadefromrecycledplasticbottles,anylonnontoxicfiberthatispractically
indestructible.ThisamazingmaterialprovidesasafegrowingmediumthatispHneutraland
nonreactive,soyoucangardenorganicallyrightonyourwall.It'sevensafeforvegetables
andherbs!Rootsgrowrightintothefelt,whichcomesalivethankstothemicrobiologyinthe
soil.

ROOTWRAPPERS
Florafeltplanterscomewithourcustom
RootWrappingsystem.Itletsyouchange
andrearrangeyourlivingwallatwill,while
maintainingtheintegrityofeveryplantinits
ownsoil.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

THE FLORAFELT
VERTICAL GARDEN PLANTER

Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

HOW
IT
WORKS
Use nylon tabs
to hang on hooks

Root Wrapped plants


are inserted in the pockets

Or mount
permanently

Drip line waters


automatically

Pockets are stapled to a


rigid plastic sign board

Or water by hand

Roots breathe for


optimal plant health

AIR

MOISTURE

The front stays dry


and drip-free

Made from Indestructible


recycled PET plastic felt
Roots grow into
the moist inner layer
Planted, weighs only
5 pounds / square foot

Moisture wicks down


through the felt

High quality materials


made in the USA

Extra water drips to


the planter below

2015 Flor afelt.com


U S Patent 8141294

FLORAFELTADVANTAGESOFSYNTHETICFELT

Growinginsyntheticfeltallowsunlimitedpossibilities.ParisiandesignerPatricBlanchas
someofthelongestliving,largestandmostgorgeouslivingwallstodate,manyplantedinthe
mid1970s.Theygrowinsyntheticfelt,whichisidealforbreathabilityandallowsforfully
maturerootdevelopment.Florafelthastakenthisconceptandaddedpocketscreatedfrom
thesamematerialforeaseofinstallationandplantreplacement.

ConservatoryofFlowers,SanFrancisco,California.Designer:ChrisBribachofPlantsOnWalls.

USINGALITTLESOILMAKESVERTICALGARDENINGMUCHEASIER
Wecreatedthepocketssothattheywouldaccommodateahandfulofsoil.Thesoilbalances
pHandintroducesmicrobiologytoletnaturedoitsworkandbringthefeltalive.Anditis
crucialtousesyntheticmaterialssothesupportsystemdoesn'tdissolve.

WHATSWRONGWITHSMALLCOMPARTMENTSORPLANTERBOXES
Plasticcompartmentsandplanterboxesrestrictrootgrowthandcreatethesameproblemas
plantersrootbinding.Plasticalsodoesntallowbreathability,andourfeltpocketseliminate
themanydifficultieswithrootrotissues.Additionally,thesoilistightlyheldinplacebythefelt
wrapswithinthepockets,keepingtheentiresystemextremelytidy.Andthepleatsdirectthe
waterinward,makingitdripfree.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

VERYLARGEVERTICALGARDENS
Withaboltedattachment,ourFlorafeltplanterscanbeusedatanyheight.Florafeltismade
fromrecycledPETandisvirtuallyindestructible.Onceitisplanted,therootmaterialmakesit
apermanentlivingmembrane.

PETPLASTICSANDTOXICITY
Notallplasticsarethesame.PETplasticisanonreactive,nontoxicplasticwhichiswhyitis
usedforanythingfrommilkjugstowaterbottles.Traceamountsoftoxinsareknownto
emergefromPET,butsoilmicrobesbreakdownthosecomplexmoleculeslongbeforethey
reachplantroots.Wechose100%recycledPETfeltfibersforourFlorafelt,turningunused
waterbottlesintosomethinguseful.Additionally,plantsgrowninthismaterialabsorbcarbon
fromtheatmosphere,makingFlorafelta'carbonabsorbingproduct.

VERTICALGARDENSTHATEVOLVE
Itisveryimportantfortheverticalgardentobeinteractivesothatitcanbemodifiedas
needed.Likeanygarden,thereareunpredictablechangesinclimate,mishapswithwatering
systems,orplantdisease.

SLITANDSTAPLEMETHOD
Theslitandstaplemethod,whichwasusedseveralyearsagofortheverticalgardenatthe
DrewSchoolinSanFrancisco,oftenshowlargeplantedareasthatdidnottake.Itisvery
difficulttoaddnewplantstofillinthesespaces.

PLEATEDPOCKETDESIGN
ButourFlorafeltpleatedpocketdesign
makesitveryeasyforanygardenerto
removetheproblemplantsandtuck
healthystartsintotheexistingpockets.It
alsoallowscaretakerstoreplacethe
deadfoliagewithplantsthatarethriving
inthesameverticalgarden.Startingwith
abiodiverseselectionallowsyoutotry
manyplantsandminimizethefailures.
Yousimplyaddmoreofwhatworks.

SUSTAINABLE
Asustainablesolutiontovertical
gardeningisonethatusestheskillsofan
existinglandscapeserviceoreven
maintenancecrewsonstaff.Thiskeeps
longtermmaintenanceaffordableand
easy.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

VERTICALGARDENDESIGNTIPSANDTRICKS

Privateresidence,BeverlyHills,California.Designer:ChrisBribach,PlantsOnWalls.

NATURALLIGHT
Brightindirectlightfromabankofwindowsisanindoortropicalfavorite.Theplantswillreach
forthelightandaligntheirleavestothesource,makingaperfectdisplay.Directlightmay
causeburning,butcanbeworkableifitislimitedtoafewhoursaday.

INDOORLIGHTING
Withoutbrightwindows,existingroomlightprovidestheminimalilluminationforgrowing
plants,soyoullwanttoaddatracklightingsystem.Halogenbulbsprojectawidespectrum
oflight,whichmakesitidealforanynumberofdifferentplans.Metalhalideandfluorescent
lightsarealsoexcellent.NewLEDlightsmayalsoworkforsomesituations.

OUTDOORS
Adeckwithfulldayofsunisperfectforgrowingherbsandvegetables,flowersand
succulents.Partialsunisgreatforlettuceorfernsandmostotherplants.Fernsalsodowell
onshadywalls.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

LIGHTMETER
Consideralightmeteraspartofyourtoolkit.Theyareeasyandinexpensive.Ambientlightis
measuredinFootCandles.Indoortropicalplantsneedaminimumof300footcandlesto
thrive.Directsunmeasuresinat10,000footcandlesandwillburnmostindoorplants,but
succulents,herbsandvegetablesrequireafulldayofdirectsuntothrive.Testtheareayou
wanttoplantandaddsupplementallightingorshadeifnecessary.Exploretheinternetto
learnmoreaboutwhichplantsyoushouldchooseforyourinstallation.

MOISTURE
Florafeltplantersareintendedforwatersafeareas.Generally,waterwillremainwithinthe
unit,butthereisalwaysthechanceforsomedripping.Ifyouintendtousetheunitindoorson
woodfloorsorcarpeting,useextracautionandkeepwatchduringpumpoperation.Use
commonsensewhenplacingtheunitandcleanupoccasionalplantmessormoisture
leakage.

REGULARWATERING
Dailywatering,alongthetoprowonly,isnormallyrequiredwhenusingFlorafeltplanters.For
mostsituations,werecommendconnectingtheplanterstoanautomaticirrigationsystem.A
simpledriptubeacrossthetop,settowatertwicedaily,willprovideadequatemoisturefor
mostsituations.Recirculatingsystemsaremorewaterefficient,withatank,pumpandtimers
settorunonceadayfor30minutesformostsituations.

FERTILIZE
Lightfertilizingispreferredforverticalgardens.We
recommendtheuseofanorganicbasedfertilizersuchas
Maxseatominimizesaltbuildupandpromoteactive
microbiologywithinthesoilandfelt.Fertilizercanbeadded
manuallyorbyuseofaninjectorinyourirrigationsystem.
Forrecirculatingsystemssimplyaddfertilizerwhenyoutop
offthewatertanks.Oryoucanfertilizemanuallywitha
pressuresprayer.

SEASONALPLANTINGS
Floweringannualsareanexcellentchoiceforseasonal
plantings.Inearlyspring,Florafeltpocketscanbeplanted
withsmallstarts,seedsandcuttingsforadazzlingdisplay
ofcolorallsummerlong.Whengrowingseasonhas
ended,theRootWrappedplantscanberemoved,cleaned
andstoredfornextyear,alongwiththelightweightpanels.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

WINTEREXPOSURE
Mostplantswillgodormantinthewinter.Plantedintheground,theyareprotectedfrom
extremefreezingtemperatures.Inwalls,aswithplanters,onlycertainruggednativeswill
surviveahardfreeze.Consultwithalandscapingprofessionalinyourareaforadviceon
specificplantsthatcanmakeitthroughwinter.

CHILDRENANDPETS
Allgardensareatrisktotheterrorsofyouthandfauna.Usecaution,assomeplantsare
toxic.Florafeltcanbedamagedbyclaws,teeth,andbeaks.TheRecircunitcantipifitis
destabilizedbyclimbingchildrenorjumpingpets.Usecommonsenseandbeselectiveabout
placement.

PLANTSELECTION
Fullsun,partshade,orfullshadearethe
standardconsiderationswhenyouselect
plants.Butalsoconsiderwhetheryouhavea
dryormoistenvironmentandfreezingor
temperateconditions.Forexample,some
indoortropicalsrequireacertainamountof
shade,andwontrespondwelltoabrupt
temperaturechanges.Talktosomeoneat
yourlocalnurseryyoullfindthattheyloveto
talkaboutplantsandwillbehappytomake
recommendationsforyoursituation.

COMBINEPLANTS
Eachpocketcanbehometomanyplants
clusteredtogether.Createaminigardenin
eachpocket.Addcuttings,bulbsandseeds
andenjoyseeingwhatemerges.Youmight
besurprisedtodiscoverwhatthrivesinyour
specificconditions!

BIODIVERSELIVINGWALL
Itsfuntotrymanydifferenttypesofplantsto
learnwhatdoesbestinyourenvironment.Its
quickandinterestingwaytogrowagarden
thatisexquisitelyrefinedforbothyoursense
ofbeautyandyourroom.Simplyremovethe
failuresandreplacewiththespeciesthatare
thriving.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

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Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

24 in

610m m

F12

FLORAFELT 12-POCKET VERTICAL GARDEN PLANTER

3 2 in

1-1/2 i n

810mm

40mm
5 in
120m m

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FLORAFELT 4-POCKET VERTICAL GARDEN PLANTER

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FLORAFELT 24-POCKET VERTICAL GARDEN PLANTER

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HOW TO USE ROOT WRAPPERS


Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

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RECYCLEDNON TOXICNON REACTIVE
FOODSAFE0%40LASTIC$ESIGNEDTO
WICKWATERFROMTHE'ROW&ELT3OILIS
CONTAINEDFORMESS FREEGARDENING
2OOTSGROWINTOTHEMOISTFELTLAYERS

Florafelt Root Wrapper


12-inch

Fold the top corner


down to create your
top soil line.
Place your plant
facing forward and
spread the root ball.
Fold the bottom
corner up.

300m m

12 in

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6ERTICAL'ARDEN0LANTERSAND
v7IRE'RID0RO3YSTEMS

Start with a
diamond shape.

Fold the bottom


edge up.

12 i n
300mm

Florafelt Root Wrapper


16-inch

Hold down the edge


and fold the left
corner over.

400mm

16 in

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v7IRE'RID0RO3YSTEMS

Hold down the edge


and fold the right
corner over.
Use a rubber band
to hold it together.

16 i n
400mm
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CUSTOM SIZING GUIDE


HOW TO MAKE ANY SIZE LIVING WALL

Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

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10 in
250 mm

10 in
250 mm

10 in
250 mm

1 in
30mm

F4

22 in
560 mm

12 in
310 mm

10 in
250 mm

10 in
250 mm

6 in
150 mm

1 in
30 mm

F12: TRIMMED

5SECOMBINATIONSOFTHEPANELSTOCREATE
CUSTOMSIZESASINTHEEXAMPLEBELOW

F12

F4

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- Place panel felt side down.


- Use a straight edge and utility
knife to cut plastic backing
board.
- Trim felt using sharp scissors or
multiple cuts with a utility knife.

24 in
610 mm

22 in
560 mm

1 in
30 mm

Florafelt Vertical Garden Planters can


be cut with a utility knife and sharp
scissors:

66 in
1680 mm
12 in
310 mm

10 in
250 mm

USE A UTILITY KNIFE


TO TRIM TO SIZE

TRIM AND TILE TO CREATE CUSTOM SIZES

32 in
810 mm

1 in
30mm

6 in
150 mm

32 in
810mm

6 in
150 mm

F12

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F4

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TRIMMED

24 in
610 mm

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24 in
610 mm
72 in
1830 mm

F12

32 in
810 mm

12 in
310 mm

F4

72 in
1830 mm

F12

24 in
610 mm

0ANELSCANALSOBETRIMMEDVERTICALLY
EVERYINM TOCREATEMORE
CUSTOMSIZES

Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

SIMPLY
HANG ON HOOKS

Use the mounting tabs to


simply hang from hooks.

1. Choose a rigid backing like masonry


wall, wood fence, or plywood facing.

!GRIDOFHOOKSONTHEWALLISA
SIMPLEWAYTOMOUNT&LORAFELT
6ERTICAL'ARDEN0LANTERSTOAWALL

2. Waterproofing is not necessary for


exterior rated surfaces. However, for
interior surfaces glue a rubber EDPM
pond liner to the wall first.

(OOKSARESCREWEDINTOFRAMINGOR
ASOLIDWALLTOCREATEAREGULAR
GRID0LANTERSARETHENSHINGLED
ONTHEWALLBYHANGINGTHEMBY
THEIRNYLONMOUNTINGTABS

3. Measure and mark a grid pattern


spaced 32 inches across and 24 inches
high for each Florafelt 12-Pocket planter.
You can vary the width using the Florafelt
4-Pocket planters, which are 12 wide.

4HEAIRGAPKEEPSTHEBACKDRY
WHILETHEPLANTERSSHINGLEDOWNSO
THATTHEWATERDRIPSINTOTHELOWER
FELT3IMPLYWATERTHETOPROWONLY
ANDTHELIQUIDWILLSPREADEVENLY
DOWNTHEWALL

4. Install sturdy hooks on the grid marks.


If needed, use rubberized sealant where
the hook penetrates the rubber membrane.

)TSANIDEALMETHODFOROUTDOORS
ONFENCESANDWALLSWHEREWATER
ISNOTANISSUE&OREXTRASAFETY
INDOORS USERUBBERPONDLINERON
THEWALL"ESENSIBLE#ONSULTWITH
ALICENSEDARCHITECTFORSTRUCTURAL
ADVICEFORALARGEINSTALLATIONAND
WHENYOUARECONCERNEDABOUT
MOISTURESENSITIVEAREAS
3TUFFPOCKETSWITH2OOT 7RAPPED
PLANTSTOCREATEYOURLIVINGDESIGN
0LANTSWILLGROWOUTAFOOTOR
MORE ANDEVENTUALLYTHEFELT
POCKETSWILLSIMPLYDISAPPEAR
BEHINDYOURLIVINGWALL

5. Use the nylon tabs on the top of the


Florafelt planters to create the shingle
pattern. Adjacent planters can share the
hook.
5. Install a drip line in the top row of
pockets only. Water will slowly drip down
and wick evenly throughout. Connect to
an automatic watering timer that runs 30
minutes, twice daily. Adjust as needed.
6. Excess water will drip from the bottom,
which can water a planter below or be
directed, using a rain gutter, to a nearby
drain or collection tank to recirculate.
7. (Optional) Build a frame to finish the
edges. Leave pond liner long at the edges
to make the edges watertight too. Bend
up and trim at the frames front edge.

D E S I G N S A R E F O R S U G G E S T E D U S E O N LY
LO C A L B U I L D I N G CO D E S M AY A P P LY
LIABILITY STATEMENT: Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable for care and maintenance of plants used in our Florafelt living wall panels, Floraframe living wall systems, Root Wrappers or any other products
or services. Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable for water damage to interior or exterior of buildings, homes, or finishes due to misuse or accidental moisture dripping from plants, lack of maintenance
of watering systems, or for any reason for moisture damage or loss due to damages of any kind. It is up to the purchaser to properly protect all surfaces from water exposure or overflow by providing water catchment drain trays
and/or vapor barriers to areas of potential damage. It is the responsibilty of the property owner to get all applipable permits and compy with local building codes. We recommend the hiring of qualified landscape maintenance
professionals to assist with plant selection, planting, watering, feeding, pest control, lighting, and general maintenance to assure optimal health for the living wall. Plants On Walls / Florafelt is not responsible and to be held
harmless to damage to buildings, water leakage, loss of plants, bodily harm, or any accidental damages of any kind. 2015 Plants On Walls / Florafelt Corporation. U.S. and International Patents. Made in USA.

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WOOD FRAMED VERTICAL GARDEN


Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

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42%!4%$83,!)$&,!4
30!#).'v/.#%.4%2
"/,4%$4/%8)34).'3425#452%
&,/2!&%,46%24)#!,'!2$%.0,!.4%2
6!0/2"!22)%2%$0-0/.$,).%2
/6%2,!9%23"5),$).'0!0%2
2//&).'.!),3/2$%#+3#2%73
7)4(&%.$%27!3(%23
 v!)2'!0"%().$6!0/2"!22)%2
'544%24/#/,,%#425./&&/04)/.!,
34!.$!2$490%'544%2 4/3%7%2
$2)04/0,!.4%2"%,/7 /2#/,,%#4
7!4%2&/22%#)2#5,!4).'

D E S I G N S A R E F O R S U G G E S T E D U S E O N LY
LO C A L B U I L D I N G CO D E S MAY A P P LY
LIABILITY STATEMENT: Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable
for care and maintenance of plants used in our Florafelt living wall panels,
Floraframe living wall systems, Root Wrappers or any other products or services.
Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable for water damage to
interior or exterior of buildings, homes, or finishes due to misuse or accidental
moisture dripping from plants, lack of maintenance of watering systems, or for
any reason for moisture damage or loss due to damages of any kind. It is up to
the purchaser to properly protect all surfaces from water exposure or overflow by
providing water catchment drain trays and/or vapor barriers to areas of potential
damage. It is the responsibilty of the property owner to get all applipable permits
and compy with local building codes. We recommend the hiring of qualified
landscape maintenance professionals to assist with plant selection, planting,
watering, feeding, pest control, lighting, and general maintenance to assure
optimal health for the living wall. Plants On Walls / Florafelt is not responsible
and to be held harmless to damage to buildings, water leakage, loss of plants,
bodily harm, or any accidental damages of any kind. 2015 Plants On Walls /
Florafelt Corporation. U.S. and International Patents. Made in USA.

& L O RA FE L TC O M 530ATENT -!$%).4(%53 !

METAL FRAMED VERTICAL GARDEN

 v

Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

&,!3().'
%8)34).'7!,,
$2)0)22)'!4)/.45").'
3500/243425#452%
42%!4%$&2!-).'4/30%#

v0%20,!.4%2 v0%20/#+%4

v-!2).%0,94/30%#
&2%%3$!.$).'/2!44!#(%$
4/%8)34).'",$'4/30%#
&,/2!&%,46%24)#!,'!2$%.0,!.4%2
6!0/2"!22)%2%$0-0/.$,).%2/6%2
,!9%23"5),$).'0!0%2
0,!.4%2!44!#(-%.4
$%#+3#2%737)4(&%.$%27!3(%23
'544%2&2!-%%$'%34!).,%33
'!,6/2#/00%2
4/ v$2!).4/30%#

 v

v490

D E S I G N S A R E F O R S U G G E S T E D U S E O N LY
LO C A L B U I L D I N G CO D E S MAY A P P LY

/04)/.!,$%#+).'
 v
& L O RA FE L TC O M 530ATENT -!$%).4(%53 !

LIABILITY STATEMENT: Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable


for care and maintenance of plants used in our Florafelt living wall panels,
Floraframe living wall systems, Root Wrappers or any other products or services.
Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable for water damage to
interior or exterior of buildings, homes, or finishes due to misuse or accidental
moisture dripping from plants, lack of maintenance of watering systems, or for
any reason for moisture damage or loss due to damages of any kind. It is up to
the purchaser to properly protect all surfaces from water exposure or overflow by
providing water catchment drain trays and/or vapor barriers to areas of potential
damage. It is the responsibilty of the property owner to get all applipable permits
and compy with local building codes. We recommend the hiring of qualified
landscape maintenance professionals to assist with plant selection, planting,
watering, feeding, pest control, lighting, and general maintenance to assure
optimal health for the living wall. Plants On Walls / Florafelt is not responsible
and to be held harmless to damage to buildings, water leakage, loss of plants,
bodily harm, or any accidental damages of any kind. 2015 Plants On Walls /
Florafelt Corporation. U.S. and International Patents. Made in USA.

DRAINAWAYIRRIGATIONPARTS

Mostoftheseparts(orsimilar)areavailableatyourlocalprolandscapesupplier,Lowesor
HomeDepot,oronlinethroughGoogleSearchandAmazon.com.

HoseSplitterConnectthehosesplittertoyour
faucet.Thisallowsyoutohaveaccesstoyourwater
butalsoprovidesan'alwayson'connectiontoyour
watertimer.Besurethefaucetandsplittervalve
remainopentoensureconsistentwatering.Consider
coveringthevalvesusingstretchwraptoprevent
accidentalshutoff.

DigitalHoseTimerThetimeruses2AAbatteries.
TheOrbitDigitalHoseTimer(shown)worksbestfor
thisapplicationsinceitallowsfor1minuteruntimes,
whichreducewaterwaste.Italsoallowsfor6hour
intervalssoyoucanwater4timesaday,if
necessary.Werecommendeachlivingwallhaveits
ownindependantbatteryoperatedtimertoinsure
reliableandeasytoadjustwateringcycles.

FoodInjectorTheDosatronDM11Fisawater
operatedunitthataddsaspecificconcentrationof
foodtothesystemwitheachwateringcycle.Ituses
waterpressuretooperateandisdesignedforlow
waterflow.Venturiinjectorscanbeusedforlarge,
highflowsystems.Liquidfoodtankscanbemade
from6inchABStubeforathinprofilethatwillbe
completelyhiddenamongtheplants.

ParticleFilterAmeshfilterpreventsclogsindriplines.Inlinestainlessfiltersprovidelong
serviceandcanbeeasilyflushedcleanonaregularschedule.Makesureyourparticlefilteris
downstreamfromyourfoodinjectortopreventplantfoodfromcloggingyourdrippers.

PressureRegulatorThepressureregulatorkeepsthewaterpressurelowtopreventhose
connectionblowouts,andslowsthewateringrate.Slowerwateringallowsplantstoabsorb
thewater,reducingwaste.30PSIiscommonformostirrigationapplications.

Tubinginchirrigationtubingisinexpensiveandeasytouse.Thiscommontypeof
irrigationisstandardformostlandscapeapplications.Slipconnectorsarequickandeasyto
install.Gardenhosewiththreadedconnectorsareextremelyeasytouse.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

17

ButtonDripEmittersButtonemitterscomestandardingallonperhour.Barbed
connectorsareeasilypunchedintotheinchirrigationtubing.Placeone1/2gallonperhour
buttonemitterattheverytopofeachpocketrow.Makethedripvisibleforeaseofinspection
andreplacement.Ifthetopedgeissloped,pressurecompensatingemitterswillmaintaina
consistentdripfromtoptobottom.Useirrigationemittersatthetoprowonly.Waterwillwick
downtheentirewall.Longerandslowerwateringtimesallowformorecompletewater
absorptionandlesswaste.

DrainTrayExtrawaterwilldripfromthebottomedge.Youcansimplyletitdrainintoa
planterorgardenbelow,oryoucanuseasmalldriptray(2x2inches)todirectthewatertoa
sewerconnection,orintoafloordrain.Allowthewatertodraincompletelybykeepthebottom
pocketclearofthebottomofthetray.Tuckthebottomflapintothetraytopreventdrips.

PlantFoodWerecommendusingMaxSea16:16:16SeaweedBasedFertilizer.Itisagentle
foodthatcanbeusedforhydroponicfeedingandismostlymadefromorganicnutrients.
Organicnutrientsarepreferredbecausetheyencourageactivemicrobiologyinthesoiland
reducetheproblemofsaltbuildupfromchemicalfertilizers.

CustomIrrigationDesignsUsingvariousfittingstheentiresystemcanbeenclosedina
stainlesssteelutilitybox.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

18

Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

DRAIN AWAY IRRIGATION


STANDARD DRIP WITH FOOD INJECTOR

vIRRIGATIONTUBINGWITHGALHRBUTTONEMITTERS vSPACINGEACHPOCKET
important: irrigate from top row only.7ATERWILLWICKALLTHEWAYDOWNANDDRIPFROMBOTTOM
.OTESMALLDRIPLINESINCLUDEDINPANELARENOTADEQUATEFORLARGEWALLS0LEASEREMOVE

Optional gutter
Extra water drips from the bottom

Drain tube
Connect to sewer
or nearby planter

3/4 irrigation tubing


Water source
Always on
Particle filter
Stainless mesh

Plant food injector


Dosatron DMF11 or similar

Plant food tank


Water soluble
Maxsea 16:16:16
Or similar
D E S I G N S A R E F O R S U G G E S T E D U S E O N LY
LO C A L B U I L D I N G CO D E S MAY A P P LY

Orbit digital hose timer (battery)


initial: 2 times daily, 30 min
Modify as required

Pressure regulator - 30 psi

Water usage varies by exposure


plant selection and lighting.
Above design: 3 Emitters per 30 panel
1.2 gal/hr per linear foot
Estimated daily run time: Twice, 1/2 hr/day

LIABILITY STATEMENT: Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable for care and maintenance of plants used in our Florafelt living wall panels, Floraframe living wall systems, Root Wrappers or any other products
or services. Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable for water damage to interior or exterior of buildings, homes, or finishes due to misuse or accidental moisture dripping from plants, lack of maintenance
of watering systems, or for any reason for moisture damage or loss due to damages of any kind. It is up to the purchaser to properly protect all surfaces from water exposure or overflow by providing water catchment drain trays
and/or vapor barriers to areas of potential damage. It is the responsibilty of the property owner to get all applipable permits and compy with local building codes. We recommend the hiring of qualified landscape maintenance
professionals to assist with plant selection, planting, watering, feeding, pest control, lighting, and general maintenance to assure optimal health for the living wall. Plants On Walls / Florafelt is not responsible and to be held
harmless to damage to buildings, water leakage, loss of plants, bodily harm, or any accidental damages of any kind. 2015 Plants On Walls / Florafelt Corporation. U.S. and International Patents. Made in USA.

& L O RA FE L TC O M 530ATENT -!$%).4(%53 !

Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

LARGE VERTICAL GARDEN


IRRIGATION DESIGN
VENT

BACKFLOW
PREVENTER
ZONE VALVE
AND REGULATOR
30PSI TYP
12-0
3660 mm

IRRIGATION TUBING
BUTTON DRIP EMITTER
EACH POCKET COLUMN
1/2 GAL/HR EACH
GUTTERS AT EACH LEVEL
FLORAFELT 24-POCKET
VERTICAL GARDEN PLANTERS

LARGE VERTICAL GARDENS


6ERY LARGE VERTICAL GARDENS ARE
DIVIDED INTO SMALLER SECTIONS SO
WATERINGCYCLESCANBEADJUSTED
FORVARYINGELEVATIONS
5SE OF THE LARGER &LORAFELT
 POCKETPLANTERSMAKESINSTAL
lation more efficient.

56-0
17080 mm

'UTTERSATTHEBASEOFEACHLEVEL
PROVIDE GREATER CONTROL OF MOIS
TURELEVELSATEACHELEVATION
5SE OF A PLUMBING ENGINEER IS
HIGHLY RECOMMENDED FOR PROPER
PIPESIZINGANDPRESSUREREGULA
tion.
D E S I G N S A R E F O R S U G G E S T E D U S E O N LY
LO C A L B U I L D I N G CO D E S MAY A P P LY
LIABILITY STATEMENT: Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not
responsible or liable for care and maintenance of plants used in our
Florafelt living wall panels, Floraframe living wall systems, Root
Wrappers or any other products or services. Florafelt and/or Plants On
Walls is not responsible or liable for water damage to interior or exterior
of buildings, homes, or finishes due to misuse or accidental moisture
dripping from plants, lack of maintenance of watering systems, or for
any reason for moisture damage or loss due to damages of any kind. It
is up to the purchaser to properly protect all surfaces from water
exposure or overflow by providing water catchment drain trays and/or
vapor barriers to areas of potential damage. It is the responsibility of
the property owner to get all applicable permits and comply with local
building codes. We recommend the hiring of qualified landscape
maintenance professionals to assist with plant selection, planting,
watering, feeding, pest control, lighting, and general maintenance to
assure optimal health for the living wall. Plants On Walls / Florafelt is
not responsible and to be held harmless to damage to buildings, water
leakage, loss of plants, bodily harm, or any accidental damages of any
kind. 2015 Plants On Walls / Florafelt Corporation. U.S. and
International Patents. Made in USA.

WATER
SOURCE

MAIN
VALVE

30 PSI
+ .434 PSI
PER FT RISE

DOSATRON
DMF11
OR SIMILAR

MAIN
REGULATOR

FOOD
INJECTOR

55 PSI
& L O RA FE L TC O M 530ATENT -!$%).4(%53 !

26-8
8100 mm

SEWER
REUSE

DRAINAWAYMAINTENANCESCHEDULE

Daily
Observetheplants
Noticeifplantslookwilted
Oriftheyhavefadedleaves
Orshowrottingbasesorbrownedleaves
Alsonoticeiftheyhavenewbudsorhavemadenewroots

Monthly
AddplantfoodtotheFeeder(Maxsea)
Noticeplanthealthandadjustwatertimingifnecessary
Removedeadleaves
Removedeadplantsandreplace
Cleardrainofanydebris

Every3Months
Cleanthefilter
Useladdertovisuallycheckdripemitters

EveryYear
Changethetimerbattery
Changeoutthedriplines

Tip:UseyourECalendar
Addtheseeventstoyourelectroniccalendarandusethe
repeatedeventsfeaturewithreminders.
Copyandpastethisinfoforeachfrequencylisted.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

19

Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

RECIRCULATING SYSTEM
WITH BASE TANK

v0%845").'4/02/7/.,9
v(/,%3!4%!#(0/#+%4&!#).'507!2$
4%34!.$!$*534&/23):%
-!+%,%6%,

7!,,

&,/2!&%,4
6%24)#!,'!2$%.0,!.4%23

-/5.4).'(//+3
-%!352%!'2)$
v78v(

0,!34)#7!4%2"!22)%2-),
7!4%24!.+v$8v(87)$4(/&0,!.4%23
v7!4%245").'0%8
7!4%205-04)-%$-).$!),9

D E S I G N S A R E F O R S U G G E S T E D U S E O N LY
LO C A L B U I L D I N G CO D E S MAY A P P LY

& L O RA FE L TC O M 530ATENT -!$%).4(%53 !

LIABILITY STATEMENT: Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable


for care and maintenance of plants used in our Florafelt living wall panels,
Floraframe living wall systems, Root Wrappers or any other products or services.
Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable for water damage to
interior or exterior of buildings, homes, or finishes due to misuse or accidental
moisture dripping from plants, lack of maintenance of watering systems, or for
any reason for moisture damage or loss due to damages of any kind. It is up to
the purchaser to properly protect all surfaces from water exposure or overflow by
providing water catchment drain trays and/or vapor barriers to areas of potential
damage. It is the responsibilty of the property owner to get all applipable permits
and compy with local building codes. We recommend the hiring of qualified
landscape maintenance professionals to assist with plant selection, planting,
watering, feeding, pest control, lighting, and general maintenance to assure
optimal health for the living wall. Plants On Walls / Florafelt is not responsible
and to be held harmless to damage to buildings, water leakage, loss of plants,
bodily harm, or any accidental damages of any kind. 2015 Plants On Walls /
Florafelt Corporation. U.S. and International Patents. Made in USA.

Ve r t i c a l G a r d e n S y s t e m s

RECIRCULATING SYSTEM
WITH HIDDEN TANK

4)03
2ECIRCULATINGSYSTEMSAREREQUIREDWHENWATERSOURCEORDRAINCONNECTIONSARENOTAVAILABLE
7ATERTANKSCANBEALONGTHEBOTTOMOFTHEVERTICALGARDENORHIDDENOUTOFSIGHT

05-0).'(%)'(4(%!$

v0%845").'v(/,%3&!#).'507!2$%6%290/#+%4,%6%,

v0%845").'

$2!).4/4!.+v
&,/2!&%,4&
6%24)#!,'!2$%.
0,!.4%23

'544%2
6

4)-%2
-).
$!),9

4!.+3):%
%34)-!4%
'!,,/.3
0%20,!.4%2

7!4%2
34/2!'%
4!.+

&/5.4!).05-0
02/6)$%!$%15!4%
05-0).'(%)'(4(%!$
D E S I G N S A R E F O R S U G G E S T E D U S E O N LY
LO C A L B U I L D I N G CO D E S MAY A P P LY
LIABILITY STATEMENT: Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable for care and maintenance of plants used in our Florafelt living wall panels, Floraframe living wall systems, Root Wrappers or any other products
or services. Florafelt and/or Plants On Walls is not responsible or liable for water damage to interior or exterior of buildings, homes, or finishes due to misuse or accidental moisture dripping from plants, lack of maintenance
of watering systems, or for any reason for moisture damage or loss due to damages of any kind. It is up to the purchaser to properly protect all surfaces from water exposure or overflow by providing water catchment drain trays
and/or vapor barriers to areas of potential damage. It is the responsibilty of the property owner to get all applipable permits and compy with local building codes. We recommend the hiring of qualified landscape maintenance
professionals to assist with plant selection, planting, watering, feeding, pest control, lighting, and general maintenance to assure optimal health for the living wall. Plants On Walls / Florafelt is not responsible and to be held
harmless to damage to buildings, water leakage, loss of plants, bodily harm, or any accidental damages of any kind. 2015 Plants On Walls / Florafelt Corporation. U.S. and International Patents. Made in USA.

& L O RA FE L TC O M 530ATENT -!$%).4(%53 !

RECIRCULATINGSYSTEMMAINTENANCESCHEDULE

Thewatertankshouldbecheckedweeklyandtoppedoff.Donotaddwaterwhiletheunitis
onsincewaterwillcontinuetodripfromtheplanterandcauseoverflow.Waitonehourafter
thepumpcycleorwhenallwaterhasdrainedfromthefeltplanter.Tankdrainingandwater
replacementisrecommendedevery4to6monthstopreventsaltbuildupfromfertilizers.

Daily
Observetheplants
Noticeifplantslookwilted
Oriftheyhavefadedleaves
Orshowrottingbasesorbrownedleaves
Alsonoticeiftheyhavenewbudsorhavemadenewroots

Weekly
Topoffwatertank.Donotaddwaterwhilepumpisrunning.
Addplantfoodtothetank(1/4tspMaxsea)

MonthlyTasks
Noticeplanthealthandadjustwatertimingifnecessary
Removedeadleaves
Removedeadplantsandreplace

Every3Months
Emptytanksandreplacewater
Cleanpumpandcheckwaterflow

Tip:UseyourECalendar
Addtheseeventstoyourelectroniccalendarandusethe
repeatedeventsfeaturewithreminders.
Copyandpastethisinfoforeachfrequencylisted.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

22

ABOUTTHEINVENTORCHRISBRIBACH

ChrisBribachplantingafullyfilledinfernwallforaprivatehomeinLosAltosHills,California.

Myloveofarchitectureresultedinthefortunateopportunityattendandreceivea5year
bachelorsdegreefromSCIARCin1992.TheschoolwaslocatedblocksfromFrankGherys
office,whereideasforanorganicfuturewerejustbeginningtoblossom.

Iwasexcitedaboutorganicideasinarchitectureandcreatedchaossculpturesmadefrom
manypiecesofbuildingelementsconnectedinafreeformstructure.Iassembledthepieces
inwhatseemedchaoticdesigns,butthegoalwastocreatearedundantlyefficientorganic
spaceframe.Similartohowabirdbuildsanest,Iwantedtheassemblytobecomeaprocess
thatorganicallyhelpedcreatethescopeandshape.Onthehumanscale,IcreatedwhatI
calledperformancearchitecturewheretheaudiencewouldcreatetheirownexperience
resultinginastructure.

Theactofcreatingspacewiththematerialsathand,quicklyandefficiently,ishowancient
peoplebuiltdwellings.Nomadiccommunitieslivinginharmonywiththeirenvironmentfor
thousandsofyearsusedverylittletobuildcomfortablehomes.Bypassingdownthis
knowledge,aricharchitectureevolvedthatwassensitivetotheenvironmentandmade
efficientuseoflocalmaterials.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

23

Themassiveindustrialurbancentersoftodayareplaguedwithpavedandroofedsurfaces
thatrequireenormousamountsofenergytocreateandmaintain.Iwonderedwhybuildings
cantbecoveredwithlivingfoliagetocoolinteriors,preventdecayandevengrowfood.

In2008IturnedtotheworkofthevisionaryartistPatricBlancwhobegangrowingverticallyin
the1970susinghishomefishaquarium.Replicatingthenaturalgrowthalongcliffsand
slopingsurfaces,hecreatedbeautifulverticalgardensusingnutrientwaterthatflowsover
syntheticfelt.Excitedbythepotential,IexploredtheslitandstaplemethodPatricofferedin
hisbook,TheVerticalGarden,whereheremovesalmostallthesoilwhenplanting.Itquickly
becameclearthatamasteryofbotanywouldberequiredtoprovideproperwaterand
nutrientshydroponically.Findingthisfartoodifficultfortherestofus,Isimplifiedtheconcept
bypleatingthefeltandstaplingittoalightweightnontoxicplasticboardtocreateeasily
plantablepockets.IwroteandwasgrantedapatentfortheVerticalGardenPanelfiledSep.
2,2010.

IamcommittedtotheuseofsustainablemanufacturingmethodsthatIlearnedfromWilliam
McDonough'sbook,CradleToCradle,soIworkedwithmanufacturerstodevelopasynthetic
growingmediumIcalledFlorafelt.Madefrom100%recycledP.E.T.plasticbottles,itis
consideredfoodsafeandwillnotonlylastindefinitelybutcanberemeltedtocreateother
products.

FlorafeltVerticalPlantersareproudlymadeintheUSAfrommaterialsalsomadeintheUSA.
Ourteamassemblesplantersandsystemsforcustomersthroughouttheworld.

There'snothinglikethejoyyoufeelwhenyoufillawallwithplants.

Sincerely,ChrisBribach

InventoroftheVerticalGardenPanel,USPatent8141294
CEOandFounderofFlorafeltCorporationandPlantsOnWalls

LIABILITYSTATEMENTFlorafeltand/orPlantsOnWallsisnotresponsibleorliableforcareandmaintenanceofplantsused
inourFlorafeltlivingwallpanels,Floraframelivingwallsystems,RootWrappersoranyotherproductsorservices.Florafelt
and/orPlantsOnWallsisnotresponsibleorliableforwaterdamagetointeriororexteriorofbuildings,homes,orfinishesdueto
misuseoraccidentalmoisturedrippingfromplants,lackofmaintenanceofwateringsystems,orforanyreasonformoisture
damageorlossduetodamagesofanykind.Itisuptothepurchasertoproperlyprotectallsurfacesfromwaterexposureor
overflowbyprovidingwatercatchmentdraintraysand/orvaporbarrierstoareasofpotentialdamage.Wealsorecommendthe
hiringofqualifiedlandscapemaintenanceprofessionalstoassistwithplantselection,planting,watering,feeding,pestcontrol,
lighting,andgeneralmaintenancetoassureoptimalhealthforthelivingwall.PlantsOnWallsisnotresponsibleandtobeheld
harmlesstodamagetobuildings,waterleakage,lossofplants,bodilyharm,oranyaccidentaldamagesofanykind.2013
PlantsOnWalls/Florafelt.

2015PlantsOnWalls/FlorafeltUSPatent8141294

www.Florafelt.com

24