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Betta splendens - variations

Yellow Dragon PK Male

Debido a la cra selectiva, el siempre popular Betta splendens macho o pescados que luchan siameses, ya
est disponible en una gran variedad de colores y tipos de cola. Se detalla a continuacin encontrar los
trminos diferentes puestas a estas cola tipos, modelos y colores, y cmo algunos de ellos han venido
alrededor. Siempre habr algunos Bettas que rompen las reglas y no bastante encajan en ninguna de las
categoras de abajo!

Tail Types

Veil Tail (VT)


El tipo ms comn de tipo de cola que tendr que venir a travs de las tiendas de mascotas es la cola de velo.
Este tipo de cola es larga, con una larga aleta anal y dorsal tambin, y se inclina hacia abajo desde el
pednculo caudal. En la cra, un velo es dominante sobre otros tipos de cola y por tanto es indeseable cuando
la cra muestran Bettas. El trmino "cola velo" es a menudo abreviado a "VT". Velo colas son ahora ya no es
aceptada en el circuito de la demostracin Betta debido a sus lneas de sangre se diluye mediante la cra
excesiva para el mercado de la tienda de mascotas.

Red VT
Pineapple VT

Multi VT

Plakat (PK)
El Plakat o Plakad, es una cola corta Betta, y es el ms estrechamente relacionados con Betta splendens
salvajes o Bettas de lucha tradicionales. Plakats menudo puede confundirse con Bettas femeninos para el ojo
inexperto, sin embargo, los machos se mostrarn aletas ventrales alargadas, una aleta caudal redondeada y
una punta afilada aleta anal. El trmino Plakat es a menudo abreviado a "PK". Hay 3 subcategoras
relacionadas con este tipo de cola. Existe la Plakat tradicional donde se redondea la cola, a veces con un
punto. Ahora, debido a la cra selectiva y el cruce, tambin existe la Luna Plakat La mitad (o "HMPK") donde la
cola tiene una extensin de 180 grados cuando acampanado y la cola Crown Plakat (o "CTPK") tiene la cola
es o bien redondeada o con una extensin de 180 grados y con los rayos alargados que le dan una apariencia
"de punta".

Traditional Red Dragon

HMPK Dragon

HMPK Yellow
CTPK Multi

Crowntail (CT)
El Crowntail, abreviado a la TC, se ha convertido en muy popular variacin de tipo cola. Es diferente a
cualquier otro en el sentido de que los rayos se extienden a diversos grados en todas las aletas dan a los
peces una apariencia "de punta". En la demostracin normas, por un pez para ser clasificado como un
Crowntail tiene que un mnimo de reduccin del 33% en las correas. La reduccin en la cinta en la TC Bettas
tambin vara enormemente, a veces puede ser bastante lleno, a veces dramticamente reducido para slo
los rayos se fueron. Hay tres tipos reconocidos de crowntail, el rayo de matrimonio, el nico rayo y la de rayos
cruzados. Rayos cruzados son los ms deseable y el ms caro para comprar. Tambin ha habido menor
variaciones conocido, tal como el rayo triple, incluso el rayo cudruple! Crowntails pueden tener sus colas en
un total de 180 grados propagacin, o menos de un diferencial de 180 grados dependiendo de su cra. CT de
rizado son propensos a la aleta, especialmente aquellos con poca correas, si el agua no se mantiene
impecable. Los criadores se sabe que "tomar el sol" sus Bettas para una hora o as con el fin de mantener su
rayos recta. Se ha encontrado tambin que cuando la cra, CT a tener una cantidad elevada de agresin en
comparacin con otros tipos de cola, que pueden hacer que sea difcil para conseguir un desove exitoso.

Cambodian Double Ray

Black Orchid Double Ray

Multi Double Ray

Violet Multi Cross Ray

Half Moon (HM)


La Media Luna, o "HM" es un tipo de cola muy deseable. Se caracteriza por tener la plena difusin de 180
grados cuando quemado, formando una forma de "D" con bordes rectos. Aletas dorsal y anal son tambin
considerablemente ms grandes que los de otros tipos de aletas. HMs son propensos a daos caudofagia y la
aleta, sus colas son grandes y poco natural y HMs menudo se sienten obstaculizados por sus aletas. Esto
tambin significa que son uno de los tipos ms duros de la cola para reproducirse como los machos tienen
dificultades para envolver con xito las hembras.

Copper HM

Black Copper HM

Deltas (D) & Super Deltas (SD)

Deltas (o "D") y Super Deltas (o "SD") son muy similares a HM de pero tienen menos de una extensin 180
cuando acampanado. Sper Deltas son casi una HM pero no del todo, Deltas son mucho menos de una HM.
Deltas y Super Deltas se diferencian de Veil colas por el hecho de que si usted dibuj una lnea desde la nariz
hasta la punta de la aleta caudal, en un Delta Delta o Super habra una cantidad igual de aletas a ambos
lados de la lnea, mientras que en una cola de velo habra poco de cola en la parte superior, y la mayora de
abajo.

Delta
Super Delta

Double Tail (DT)

La cola doble (o "DT") se pueden ver combinado con Plakats, Halfmoons e incluso Crowntails. Es un rasgo
gentico que causa la aleta caudal para crecer en dos lbulos en lugar de uno. Los genes que causan este
tambin causan que el cuerpo sea ms corto y las aletas dorsal y anal a ser muy amplio. A medida que el
cuerpo se atrofia efectiva de longitud, DT de son ms propensos a la vejiga natatoria problemas y esto
tambin afecta a las tasas de supervivencia de alevines.

Red Copper DTPK


Royal Blue HMDT

Multi DT

[edit]Combtail

El Combtail (sin abreviaturas) es un cruce de un Crowntail y otro tipo de cola.


Con la cra seleccionado un combtail puede ser criado en una crowntail, pero
todava puede llevar a un gen dominante, como el VT. A menudo tienen la
inclinacin tpica de la cola velo, pero combinados con algunos rayos
extendidos en todas las aletas en diversos grados.

Multi Combtail

[edit]Rosetail

& Feathertail

A Rosetail (no abbreviation) is an extreme Halfmoon with excessive branching of the rays giving the tail a
"ruffled" edge. If there is a huge amount of branching it can be referred to as a "Feathertail". These fish are
hard to breed on as the excessive mutations that cause the branching can lead to other mutations such as
poor scales and short ventral fins.

Rosetail

Rosetail

[edit]Round

Tail

Not often seen, the Round Tail (no abbreviation) can be compared to a Plakat with a large tail, and mistaken
for a Delta. The fin shape is round, rather than the straight edges of a Delta, but fuller and longer than that of a
Plakat. This can also be referred to as a "Single Tail".

Cellophane Roundtail

Black Lace Roundtail

[edit]Half

Sun

The Half Sun (no abbreviation) has come about from selective breeding of the Crowntail and Halfmoon, to
create the spread of a Halfmoon with the slight crowning of a Crowntail.
[edit]Over

Halfmoon (OHM)

The Over Halfmoon (or "OHM") is the extreme end of the Halfmoon where the spread when flared is over 180
degrees. It can apply to both long-fin Halfmoon and the Halfmoon Plakats.

OHM PK
Steel Blue OHM PK

[edit]Spade

Purple/Red OHM

Tail

The Spade Tail (no abbreviation) has an equal spread on either side of the fin, similar to a Round Tail, but with
tail finishing in a point rather than a rounded edge.

Red Spadetail

[edit]Pattern

Types

[edit]Solid

Solid colours are exactly how they sound, when the fish is just one colour from nose to the tip of the tail. This is
often seen mostly in Reds.

Solid Red HM

[edit]Cambodian

or Bi-Coloured

A Cambodian Betta is when the body is pale, almost colourless, and the fins are a solid colour, often red or
green. It can also be referred to, more traditionally, to red Bettas with deep red fins and a pale pink body
colour. This can work the other way which is when the fish is named Bi-Coloured, when the fins are translucent
and the body is one solid colour.

Cambodian CT Female
Bi-Colour HM

[edit]Butterfly

A Butterfly has a solid body colour which extends into the base of the fins finishing with an abrupt strong edge
with the rest of the fins being transparent or white. May also be referred to as variegated.

Red Butterfly HM
Purple/Red Butterfly HM

[edit]Marble

The gene that creates marble patterning is becoming more common, it is usually a colour such as blue or red
on a pale base. A marble Betta has irregular patterns throughout the body and fins, that can change with age.
It is a partially dominant gene meaning that if a solid Betta is crossed with a marble it is likely to get many fry in
solid colours that carry the marble gene.

Blue Marble PK
Blue Marble PK

Black Marble PK
Chocolate Marble SD

[edit]Piebald

A piebald coloured fish has a pale flesh-coloured face no matter what the body colour is. The rest of the body
should be fairly solid, some other butterfly patterning may be present. Piebald fish carry the Marble gene.

Piebald Roundtail

Piebald SD with DT Dorsal

[edit]Mask

The term "mask" is mainly applied to Copper, Blue and Turquoise colours and refers to the face being the
same colour as the body rather than what it would naturally be which would be darker than the body.

Black Copper Mask

Royal Blue Mask

[edit]Dragon

A relatively new pattern that is proving to be exceptionally striking and popular. It features a rich strong base
colour, often red, with the scales on the main part of the body a pale iridescent, sometimes copper colour. Both
silver dragon and gold dragon strains have been created.

HM Red Dragon Female


PK Red Dragon

PK Dragon

[edit]Multicolour

A multi Betta is that with 3 or more colours on the body that does not fit into any other pattern category.

Multi CT
Multi HM

Multi CT

[edit]Colours
[edit]Red

The colour red is dominant in Bettas, and can show in other colours as the undesirable red wash.

Extended Red Female


Red SD/HM
Red HM

[edit]Blue

There are several shades of blue seen in Bettas. These are Steel Blue, where the blue is cold and greyish in
appearance, Royal Blue, where the blue is rich, deep and vibrant and Turquoise, where the fish can appear
both green and blue in certain lights. A Baby Blue is also available, but not often seen. Blue Bettas often have
a dark blue or black face. The colour blue can show in red Bettas as "blue wash".

Steel Blue PK Male


Turquoise HM

Steel Blue HM Female

Royal Blue PK

[edit]Green

True green is not often seen in Bettas, it is more often to be Turquoise.

Green CTPK

[edit]Wild-Type

Wild-type Bettas' colouration consists of a green or blue iridescent body with blue rays in the fins and all fins
otherwise mostly red. Wild-Types can often also be hybrids with other types of Betta including Betta imbellis.

Wild-Type Plakat
HM Imbellis Type
Wild-Type Hybrid

[edit]Cellophane/Pastel

Cellophane Bettas have a colour-less body and translucent fins with black eyes. Pastel Bettas have the
almost-translucent fins with hints of colour including blue, red or green, and the characteristic black eyes. The
Grizzled Pastel has smatterings of broken colour in some of the scales on the body.

Grizzled Blue Pastel PK

Grizzled Blue Pastel HM

Cellophane DT

[edit]Opaque

Opaque Bettas are a misty white in colour with hazy eyes. The gene that makes Bettas this colour also causes
internal organ problems. A true pure opaque white is rare, and often there will be imperfections.

Opaque HM

[edit]Yellow

Opaque HM

& Pineapple

Yellow Bettas usually carry the desirable red-loss gene that causes Bettas to not have redwash. They will often
also carry and throw fry that are iridescent Blue and Green. Yellow varies from very pale yellow to rich buttery
yellow. Pineapple refers to yellow Bettas with darker definitions around their scales on their body, giving them a
slightly "dirty" appearance.

Yellow Dragon PK
Gold Yellow PK

Pineapple VT

[edit]Orange

Not often seen, Orange Bettas are usually a rich tangerine colour and can appear red in bad lighting.

Orange HM
Orange Delta
Orange HM

[edit]Orange

Dalmatian

Again, this is not often seen and can also be referred to as Apricot Spots. It is when the body is a pale orange
as are the fins, but throughout the fins are much richer orange-red spots of varying size and shape.

Orange Dalmatian VT
Orange Dalmatian HM

[edit]Black

There are 3 classes of Black Bettas. The first being Melano which are generally infertile, fertile Blacks or Black
Lace/Black Orchid, and copper Blacks (with iridescence).

Black Orchid CT

Black Copper PK

Super Black PK
Melano Black HM

[edit]Purple

Pure purple Bettas are almost unheard of but those close to it have been seen including rich violets, or blues
with copper iridescence. Some purples may look blue or red in certain lights, and only show their true colour
under bright light.

Violet CT

[edit]Mustard

Gas

This strange name refers to Bettas with a green, blue, or steel blue body and yellow or orange fins, it is a
bicolour pattern.

Mustard Gas HMPK


Mustard Gas VT/D

Mustard Gas HM

[edit]Chocolate

Chocolate Bettas are so called as they do appear a rich brown in colour, and will often have yellow colouration
through the fins. Not often seen.

Chocolate HM

Chocolate Rosetail

[edit]Copper

This is a highly iridescent strain of Betta that is proving to be very popular. It is silver or brown when under
weak light, but when under good lighting it will shimmer a copper colour with purple or blue highlights. This
colour originates from wild type Bettas who had a gold sheen to them. The copper gene has now been bred
into various colours and new patterns are emerging all the time.

Red Copper PK

Copper HMPK

Copper HMPK
Copper Rosetail

[edit]Albino

The Holy Grail of Bettas. Albino Bettas are very rare, only a few have been confirmed. They do not have long
lifespans and will go blind fairly early on in life, making it near impossible to breed them.
[edit]Oddballs

And then there are some fish that don't quite fit into the categories above, or are indeed the breeders are
striving to create their own colour, tail or pattern types! Here are just a small sample:
[edit]Colours

Wasanbetta's Fancy Crowntail


King Giant Betta's Partial Metallic Plakat

[edit]Body

Types

[edit]Dumbo

A relatively new variant where, instead of breeding for tail differences, they have bred Dumbo, or Elephant,
Bettas to have enlarged pectoral fins. Is a fairly new trait and so far only males have been seen with pectoral
fins larger than their head. Expected to become more popular with Half Moon breeders breeding this trait into
their HM lines

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