Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 9

Assignment

Chapter 7

= 60O

= 25O

= 50O

1. Determine the stresses acting on an element oriented at an angle from


the x axis, where the angle is positive when counterclockwise. Show these
stresses on a sketch of an element oriented at the angle .
2. Determine (a) the principal stress and (b) the maximum in-plane shear
stress and average normal stress at the point.
3. Solve above problems using Mohr circle

A rectangular plate is formed by welding two triangular plates (see figure). The plate
is subjected to a state of stress as shown in figure (2.a and 2.b).
Determine the normal stress acting perpendicular to the line of the weld and the
shear stress acting parallel to the weld. (Assume that the normal stress is positive
when it acts in tension against the weld and the shear stress is positive when it acts
counterclockwise against the weld.)

Problem 2.a

Problem 2.b

The surface of an airplane wing is subjected to plane


stress with normal stresses x and y and shear stress
xy, as shown in the figure. At a counterclockwise angle
= 30 from the x axis the normal stress is 35 MPa
tension, and at an angle =50 it is 10 MPa
compression. If the stress x equals 100 MPa tension,
what are the stresses y and xy?

The stress at a point is shown on the element. Determine the


principal stress and the absolute maximum shear stress.
(Consider both in-plane and out of plane shearing stress)

A cylindrical tank subjected to internal pressure P is simultaneously compressed by


an axial force F = 72 kN (see figure). The cylinder has diameter d 100 mm and wall
thickness t = 4 mm. Calculate the maximum allowable internal pressure Pmax based
upon an allowable shear stress in the wall of the tank of 60 MPa.

A cylindrical tank having diameter d 2.5 in. is subjected to internal gas pressure P
=600 psi and an external tensile load T= 1000 lb (see figure). Determine the
minimum thickness t of the wall of the tank based upon an allowable shear stress of
3000 psi.

A cylindrical pressure vessel having radius r=300 mm and wall thickness t=15 mm is
subjected to internal pressure P=2.5 MPa. In addition, a torque T=120 kNm acts at each
end of the cylinder (see figure).
(a) Determine the maximum tensile stress max and the maximum in-plane shear stress
max in the wall of the cylinder.
(b) If the allowable in-plane shear stress is 30 MPa, what is the maximum allowable
torque T?

For purposes of analysis, a segment of the crankshaft in a vehicle is represented as shown


in the figure. The load P equals 1.0kN, and the dimensions are b1=80 mm, b2=120 mm, and
b3=40 mm. The diameter of the upper shaft is d=20 mm.
(a) Determine the maximum tensile, compressive, and shear stresses at point A, which is
located on the surface of the upper shaft at the z0 axis.
(b) Determine the maximum tensile, compressive, and shear stresses at point B, which is
located on the surface of the shaft at the y0 axis.

A sign is supported by a pipe (see figure) having outer diameter 100mm and inner
diameter 80mm. The dimensions of the sign are 2.0m X 0.75m, and its lower edge is
3.0m above the base. Note that the center of gravity of the sign is 1.05 m from the axis
of the pipe. The wind pressure against the sign is 1.5 kPa.
Determine the maximum in-plane shear stresses due to the wind pressure on the sign at
points A, B, and C, located on the outer surface at the base of the pipe.