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Math

Grade 4

Published by Spectrum
an imprint of Carson-Dellosa Publishing
Greensboro, NC

Spectrum
An imprint of Carson-Dellosa Publishing LLC
P.O. Box 35665
Greensboro, NC 27425 USA
2015 Carson-Dellosa Publishing LLC. Except as permitted under the United States Copyright Act, no part of
this publication may be reproduced, stored, or distributed in any form or by any means (mechanically, electronically, recording, etc.) without the prior written consent of Carson-Dellosa Publishing LLC. Spectrum is an imprint of
Carson-Dellosa Publishing LLC.
Printed in the USA All rights reserved.

01-227147811

ISBN 978-1-4838-0872-7

Table of Contents Grade 4


Chapter 1 Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits
Chapter 1 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Lessons 19 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 716
Chapter 1 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

Chapter 2 Numeration through 1,000,000


Chapter 2 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
Lessons 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2126
Chapter 2 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27

Chapter 3 Adding and Subtracting 3 through 5 Digits


Chapter 3 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Lessons 1 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3141
Chapter 3 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Chapter 4 Multiplication
Chapter 4 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
Lessons 1 11 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4657
Chapter 4 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

Chapter 5 Division
Chapter 5 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Lessons 110 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6274
Chapter 5 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75

Chapters 15 Mid-Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

Table of Contents,

continued

Chapter 6 Fractions
Chapter 6 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
Lessons 116 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85101
Chapter 6 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102

Chapter 7 Measurement
Chapter 7 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104
Lessons 117 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108124
Chapter 7 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 125

Chapter 8 Geometry
Chapter 8 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Lessons 15 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130134
Chapter 8 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135

Chapter 9 Preparing for Algebra


Chapter 9 Pretest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136
Lessons 12 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137138
Chapter 9 Posttest . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139

Chapters 19 Final Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140


Scoring Record for Posttests, Mid-Test, and Final Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
Grade 4 Answers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147159

NAME

Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits


Add or subtract.
a

1.

3 5
1 3

2 5
1 1 3

7 5
1 2 4

1 3
1 1 2

4 2
1 7

5 4
1 3 3

2.

4 3
1 2 4

5 4
1 5

6 3
1 3 1

8 2
1 1 6

3 2
1 2 3

7 4
1 1 5

3.

5 0
1 3 3

9 5
1 2

3 2
1 2 5

7 3
1 2 5

5 6
1 1 3

4 7
1 3 2

4.

1 2
1 7

3 6
1 1 2

5 5
1 2 3

7 0
1 1 9

9 2
1 4

5 4
1 2 3

5.

4 5
2 4

7 5
2 2 3

6 6
2 1 4

9 5
2 3 1

8 4
2 2 2

2 5
2 1 2

6.

4 9
2 2 7

5 7
2 4 6

3 9
2 1 8

7 9
2 2 7

2 7
2 6

8 8
2 5 6

7.

6 5
2 5 5

7 8
2 3 3

5 4
2 4 2

9 7
2 2 6

2 9
2 1 5

5 9
2 4 8

8.

5 4
2 2 3

2 9
2 1 8

4 7
2 3 7

9 9
2 6 6

8 9
2 2 7

3 6
2 1 5

Spectrum Math
Grade 4 

Check What You Know


Chapter 1
5

CHAPTER 1 PRETEST

Check What You Know

CHAPTER 1 PRETEST

NAME

Check What You Know

SHOW YOUR WORK

Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits


Solve each problem.
9. Mr. Dimas has 15 new students in his fourth-

grade class. He already has 21 students in the


class. How many students are in Mr. Dimass
class?

There are

students in his class.

10. There are 35 pages in Kendricks science book.

Last night, Kendrick read 14 pages. How many


more pages does Kendrick have left to read?

There are

pass them out to his friends. If Kono gave 43


away, how many apples does he have left?
There are

party for Rosa. They plan to send out 45


invitations. If Tania writes 24, how many
invitations does Monica need to write?
Monica needs to write

Tournament. There were 23 goals made in the


entire tournament. Sekis team made 12 of
them. How many goals were made by the other
teams?
The other teams scored

Spectrum Math
Grade 4 
6

12.

invitations.

13. Sekis soccer team is in the State Cup

11.

apples left.

12. Monica and Tania want to throw a surprise

10.

pages left to read.

11. Konos father gave him 75 apples so he could

9.

13.

goals.
Check What You Know
Chapter 1

NAME

Lesson 1.1 Adding 1- and 2-Digit Numbers


addend
addend

6
1 3

6 0
1 3 0

sum

9 0

Add the ones.

Add the tens.

2 3
1 1 6

2 3
1 1 6

3 9

2 3
1 1 6

If 6 1 3 5 9, then 60 1 30 5 90.
Add.
a

1.

1 1
1 8

1 0
1 3 0

2 5
1 1 4

8 1
1 1 8

5 2
1 1 7

7 4
1 2 3

2.

1 0
1 8 0

7
1 2

1 5
1 4

7
1 9 2

7 1
1 6

7 0
1 1 0

3.

7
1 2 2

2 0
1 3 0

9 2
1 7

8 3
1 1 6

4 6
1 2 3

7 0
1 2 0

4.

2
1 4 1

3 0
1 3 0

5 1
1 4 8

3 4
1 2 4

7
1 2 2

2 0
1 5 0

5.

3 0
1 1 5

2 1
1 2 1

7
1 4 2

4 0
1 4 0

5 6
1 4 1

6 2
1 1 7

6.

3 4
1 3 4

6 0
1 1 3

9
1 3 0

4
1 3

1 3
1 6

4 4
1 3 3

7.

3
1 3 2

5
1 1 0

6 3
1 2 4

7 1
1 2 0

4 1
1 8

3 2
1 3 0

Spectrum Math
Grade 4

Chapter 1, Lesson 1
Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits
7

NAME

Lesson 1.2 Subtracting 1- and 2-Digit Numbers


minuend
subtrahend

9
2 3

9 0
2 3 0

difference

6 0

Subtract the
ones.

Subtract the
tens.

5 3
2 2 1

5 3
2 2 1

3 2

5 3
2 2 1

If 9 2 3 5 6, then 90 2 30 5 60.
Subtract.
a

1.

3 3
2 1 2

4 3
2 2 0

9 1
2 3 0

2.

8 8
2 2 4

5 9
2 3 8

3.

2 5
2 1 5

4.

8
2 3

9 0
2 2 0

7 2
2 1 1

4 3
2 3 1

5 0
2 4 0

4 8
2 1 7

7 2
2 6 2

9 4
2 4

5 0
2 3 0

3 5
2 3

2 7
2 1 0

1 3
2 1 2

5 3
2 4 0

1 4
2 3

1 8
2 1 0

5 5
2 4 2

9
2 2

1 0
2 8

5.

4 9
2 1 8

7 4
2 3

5 9
2 2 7

6 8
2 7

9 3
2 2 2

3 8
2 3 7

6.

7 9
2 3 5

2 1
2 1 1

4 6
2 4 2

7 8
2 6 4

1 5
2 4

8 7
2 3 5

7.

2 5
2 1 3

7 1
2 2 0

4 6
2 2 3

5 6
2 4 1

8 5
2 6 3

9 9
2 7 7

Spectrum Math
Grade 4
8

Chapter 1, Lesson 2
Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits

NAME

Lesson 1.3 Adding Three or More Numbers (single digit)


2
6
1 7

3
4
7
1 1

8
1 7

7
7
1 1

1 5

1 4
1 1
1 5

Add.
a

1.

3
4
1 5

2
6
1 3

7
5
1 3

6
3
1 7

8
7
1 2

9
8
1 1

3
6
1 8

1
7
1 6

2.

4
6
1 8

3
5
1 2

1
5
1 7

8
5
1 3

4
7
1 8

3
8
1 9

2
6
1 9

3
3
1 7

3.

8
7
1 5

8
3
1 5

3
8
1 2

2
8
1 6

6
7
1 8

3
6
1 9

1
8
1 7

5
7
1 9

4.

1
3
5
1 7

2
6
7
1 4

1
5
9
1 7

3
5
4
1 6

2
2
2
1 8

1
7
8
1 9

4
4
5
1 6

3
4
6
1 8

5.

2
6
4
1 8

2
2
8
1 7

4
5
7
1 9

3
3
4
1 4

5
5
4
1 3

6
3
7
1 1

5
4
8
1 9

1
7
1
1 9

6.

9
1
7
1 2

3
4
7
1 8

2
5
7
1 4

5
3
6
1 5

8
3
9
1 2

4
6
8
1 3

7
3
7
1 3

2
1
8
1 5

Spectrum Math
Grade 4

Chapter 1, Lesson 3
Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits
9

NAME

Lesson 1.4 Adding through 2 Digits (with renaming)


Add the ones.
1

5 2
1 2 9
2 1 9 5 11 or 10 1 1

Add the tens.


1

5 2
1 2 9

5 2
1 2 9

addend
addend

8 1

sum

Add.
a

1.

3 6
1 1 5

2 9
1 1 8

5 7
1 2 3

1 8
1 1 3

7 4
1 6

8
1 2 7

2.

8 8
1 3

4 7
1 1 7

2 7
1 4 7

5 5
1 2 6

1 9
1 1 5

5 1
1 1 9

3.

6 5
1 2 6

3 9
1 3 9

2 5
1 2 5

4 5
1 4 5

3 6
1 4 8

7 5
1 1 6

4.

3 7
1 2 6

1 4
1 4 8

1 3
1 6 8

4 8
1 2 2

3 7
1 1 7

7 2
1 1 8

5.

6 5
1 2 5

9
1 4 8

7
1 7 7

8 2
1 9

2 8
1 9

4 8
1 3 2

6.

3 9
1 2 9

2 8
1 2 8

2 9
1 9

2 8
1 5 7

1 9
1 1 4

9
1 7 2

7.

7 5
1 7

7 3
1 9

3 6
1 3 6

7 8
1 1 8

1 9
1 1 9

4 3
1 1 7

Spectrum Math
Grade 4
10

Chapter 1, Lesson 4
Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits

NAME

Lesson 1.5 Adding Three or More Numbers (2 digits)


Add the ones.
addend
addend
addend

Add the tens.

2 6
3 8
1 5 6

6 1 8 1 6 5 2020 5 20 1 0

2 6
3 8
1 5 6
0

2 6
3 8
1 5 6
1 2 0

addend
addend
addend
sum

20 1 20 1 30 1 50 5 120 120 5 100 1 20


Add.

1.

2 7
3 2
1 4 3

3 9
4 8
1 7 6

4 8
6 8
1 7 8

9 7
8 5
1 6 3

4 5
7 4
1 4 8

9 7
2 3
1 1 9

2.

7 7
9 9
1 3 2

8 1
1 9
1 3 8

5 3
7 8
1 8 9

7 5
6 9
1 7 8

3 8
5 7
1 7 5

9 2
8 9
1 9 5

3.

3 7
2 9
1 4 9

8 7
7 8
1 9 5

3 8
4 9
1 5 7

4 2
2 8
1 6 6

5 6
6 5
1 7 7

1 9
3 7
1 4 9

4.

3 5
7 3
5 7
1 6 6

7 3
2 8
4 0
1 6 6

8 8
2 2
3 8
1 8 2

7 5
2 4
9 3
1 5 1

2 9
9 3
3 7
1 5 5

2 1
6 2
4 5
1 3 8

5.

5 1
7 1
8 9
1 9 9

2 0
1 8
3 9
1 4 7

1 7
4 5
8 3
1 9 7

2 7
5 8
7 4
1 6 3

1 3
3 9
5 7
1 8 9

5 7
3 3
7 1
1 6 6

6.

3 9
2 9
5 8
1 7 8

1 3
2 5
7 7
1 8 9

2 7
5 3
6 8
1 7 4

2 7
4 8
3 1
1 9 7

2 2
1 7
3 9
1 4 5

3 9
4 9
6 6
1 7 7

Spectrum Math
Grade 4

Chapter 1, Lesson 5
Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits
11

NAME

Lesson 1.6 Subtracting 2 Digits from 3 Digits (renaming)


To subtract the ones, rename 5 tens and
3 ones as 4 tens and 13 ones.
minuend
subtrahend

1 5 3
2 3 7

4 13

1 5 3
2 3 7

difference

Subtract
the ones.
4 13

Subtract
the tens.
4 13

Subtract the
hundreds.
4 13

1 5 3
2 3 7

1 5 3
2 3 7

1 5 3
2 3 7

1 6

1 1 6

Subtract.
a

1.

1 7 5
2 3 8

1 3 2
2 1 7

1 7 5
2 5 6

1 3 4
2 2 9

1 4 4
2 2 8

1 5 6
2 3 8

2.

1 8 2
2 7 3

1 7 7
2 5 9

1 2 3
2 1 8

1 4 1
2 3 3

1 7 3
2 5 4

1 8 2
2 4 8

3.

1 4 1
2 2 9

1 9 3
2 4 7

1 6 5
2 4 6

1 5 2
2 3 7

1 7 2
2 2 9

1 6 1
2 2 7

4.

1 8 3
2 6 8

1 2 7
2 1 8

1 3 4
2 1 9

1 7 2
2 5 7

1 2 4
2 1 7

1 5 3
2 3 7

5.

1 7 1
2 3 9

1 4 6
2 2 7

1 8 3
2 6 8

1 9 1
2 7 2

1 7 3
2 4 7

1 5 7
2 3 8

6.

1 2 8
2 1 9

1 7 2
2 3 6

1 5 6
2 2 9

1 7 7
2 3 9

1 5 2
2 1 9

1 7 4
2 3 8

7.

1 4 5
2 2 6

1 6 1
2 3 3

1 7 3
2 3 7

1 2 7
2 1 8

1 5 3
2 2 8

1 9 1
2 7 3

Spectrum Math
Grade 4
12

Chapter 1, Lesson 6
Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits

NAME

Lesson 1.6 Subtracting 2 Digits from 3 Digits (renaming)


Rename 515 as
5 hundreds, 0
tens, and 15 ones.
Subtract the ones.

Then, rename
4 hundreds, 10
tens, and 15 ones.
Subtract the tens.

0 15

5 1 5
2 2 7

Subtract
the
hundreds.

4 10 15

4 10 15

5 1 5
2 2 7

5 1 5

2 2 7

5 1 5

2 2 7

minuend
subtrahend

8 8

4 8 8

difference

Subtract.
a

1.

1 3 8
2 5 9

1 6 2
2 7 9

1 5 5
2 6 6

1 2 8
2 5 9

1 4 7
2 5 8

1 7 4
2 8 5

2.

1 3 1
2 4 9

1 5 3
2 6 7

1 6 7
2 7 9

1 4 4
2 5 8

1 7 2
2 8 9

1 2 5
2 3 8

3.

1 1 4
2 3 7

1 3 4
2 5 6

1 8 1
2 9 2

1 3 3
2 4 4

1 2 7
2 4 9

1 7 4
2 8 8

4.

1 2 2
2 8 8

1 5 4
2 7 7

1 6 1
2 9 4

1 6 6
2 8 7

1 2 7
2 5 8

1 7 2
2 9 9

5.

1 7 7
2 8 8

1 2 3
2 4 5

1 4 7
2 6 8

1 8 1
2 9 5

1 7 5
2 8 9

1 4 1
2 8 3

6.

1 8 5
2 9 7

1 7 3
2 8 7

1 4 2
2 8 4

1 7 7
2 9 8

1 3 6
2 4 9

1 2 3
2 7 7

7.

1 2 7
2 5 8

1 2 6
2 7 8

1 6 6
2 8 9

1 3 7
2 8 8

1 5 3
2 8 4

1 7 5
2 9 7

Spectrum Math
Grade 4

Chapter 1, Lesson 6
Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits
13

NAME

Lesson 1.7 Thinking Subtraction for Addition

These numbers should be the same.

5 5
1 4 3

To check

9 8
2 4 3

subtract 43 from 98.

55 1 43 5 98,

5 5
Add. Then, check your answer.
a

1.

2.

3.

4.

3 2
1 4 7

6 3
1 1 9

3 8
1 2 4

5 2
1 4 7

2 8
1 1 5

7 5
1 1 5

4 8
1 2 7

8 2
1 1 0

5 6
1 3 8

4 4
1 2 7

2 8
1 2 7

3 9
1 3 2

3 1
1 5 9

4 3
1 1 8

6 1
1 2 9

1 2 5
1 1 7

1 5 5
1 3 8

2 0 5
1 6 9

1 9 9
1 1 4

1 2 8
1 3 3

1 2 5
1 5 0

1 0 9
1 3 2

1 5 5
1 2 7

1 3 7
1 2 9

Spectrum Math
Grade 4
14

Chapter 1, Lesson 7
Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits

NAME

Lesson 1.8 Thinking Addition for Subtraction

These numbers should be the same.

1 3 8
2 2 4

To check

1 1 4
1 2 4

add 24 to 114.

1 3 8

138 2 24 5 114,

Subtract. Then, check your answer.


a

1.

2.

3.

4.

8 8
2 4 5

2 3
2 1 9

4 7
2 2 8

9 5
2 3 8

7 4
2 2 7

9 8
2 7 3

3 8
2 1 7

6 8
2 2 7

5 4
2 3 6

4 9
2 3 2

2 9
2 1 0

7 8
2 3 9

1 5 5
2 2 8

1 3 2
2 3 8

1 7 9
2 8 2

1 2 7
2 8 9

1 4 1
2 6 2

1 3 7
2 5 2

1 8 7
2 9 9

1 1 9
2 2 0

1 9 2
2 7 3

1 0 8
2 3 9

1 8 8
2 9 0

1 6 4
2 7 8

Spectrum Math
Grade 4

Chapter 1, Lesson 8
Adding and Subtracting 1 and 2 Digits
15